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AFFORDABLE HOUSING FOR ALL

AFFORDABLE HOUSING FOR ALL

This paper was presented to allied professional on the importance of curbing quackery and the delivery of quality housing through product standardization and ethics

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Omoyemi Olayiwola

October 24, 2019
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  1. MENACE OF QUACKERY & THE NEED FOR PROFESSIONALISM AND STANDARDIZATION

    HOUSING FOR ALL A CONTINUOUS PROFESSIONAL SEMINAR I OCTOBER 2019 DELTA STATE CHAPTER
  2. AREAS OF DISCUSSION • Introduction / Country Focus • Housing

    & Professional Quackery – Definition, Instances • Quackery – Causes, Dangers • Who is a Professional – Built Environment • What makes the Professional Stand Out • Building Collapse – the dangerous aftermath of Professional Quackery • Case Studies in Lagos • Conclusion DELTA STATE CHAPTER MAIN THEME #HOUSING FOR ALL SUB THEME PROFESSIONAL QUACKERY & THE NEED FOR STANDARDIZATION LAGOS STATE CHAPTER
  3. INTRODUCTION DELTA STATE CHAPTER MAIN THEME #HOUSING FOR ALL SUB

    THEME PROFESSIONAL QUACKERY & THE NEED FOR STANDARDIZATION LAGOS STATE CHAPTER Quality Housing is very fundamental to the welfare, Survival and health of individuals. In microeconomic terms, housing is a significant component of household consumption and savings. In developing countries expenditure on housing, on the average, accounts for between one-seventh and one-fifth of all consumer expenditures. In addition, for the majority of households, this investment is one of the primary objectives for savings. During this session, we will take an extensive look at the concepts of housing and what affordable housing means in real terms and current trends.
  4. COUNTRY FOCUS DELTA STATE CHAPTER MAIN THEME #HOUSING FOR ALL

    SUB THEME PROFESSIONAL QUACKERY & THE NEED FOR STANDARDIZATION LAGOS STATE CHAPTER AFRICA
  5. DELTA STATE CHAPTER MAIN THEME #HOUSING FOR ALL SUB THEME

    PROFESSIONAL QUACKERY & THE NEED FOR STANDARDIZATION LAGOS STATE CHAPTER Nigeria is the 3rd most populous Country, following after India & China Over 22,000 professionals in the Nigeria Built Environment Yet Quack professionals account for close to 45% Lagos is most populous city in Africa Yet Lagos is called the world’s junkyard of collapsed buildings
  6. DELTA STATE CHAPTER MAIN THEME #HOUSING FOR ALL SUB THEME

    PROFESSIONAL QUACKERY & THE NEED FOR STANDARDIZATION LAGOS STATE CHAPTER is the process of providing a large number of residential buildings with adequate physical infrastructure and social amenities (services) in planned, decent, safe and hygienic neighborhoods to meet the basic and special needs of the population. is of a safe, secure place that provides both privacy and protection from the elements and the temperature extremes of the outside world. THE CONCEPT OF HOUSING Meet Standards Appropriate Sizing Quality & Affordable Using Energy Efficiency indicators Safe & Healthy Great Location Use of Quality materials Experienced Professionals HOUSING – DEFINITION, FEATURES, ETC
  7. QUACKERY – DEFINITION, CAUSES, ETC QUACKERY MEANS DISHONEST PRACTICES AND

    CLAIMS TO HAVE SPECIAL KNOWLEDGE AND SKILL IN SOME FIELD, TYPICALLY MEDICINE & ARCHITECTURE. A QUACK IS WHEN SOMEONE PRETENDS TO HAVE EXPERIENCE OR KNOWLEDGE, ESPECIALLY IN THE FIELD OF ARCHITECTURE. IT'S QUACKERY WHEN SOMEONE POSES AS AN ARCHITECT. IF A PERSON FAKES BEING AN ARCHITECT, THAT'S QUACKERY. YOU CAN ALSO CALL IT QUACKERY WHEN A NONPROFESSIONAL OFFERS CONSULTING SERVICES IN THE BUILDING INDUSTRIES. UNLICENSED INDIVIDUALS PRACTICING A REGULATED PROFESSION ARE CALLED QUACKS DELTA STATE CHAPTER MAIN THEME #HOUSING FOR ALL SUB THEME PROFESSIONAL QUACKERY & THE NEED FOR STANDARDIZATION LAGOS STATE CHAPTER Boredom LOW PROFESSIONAL ESTEEM THE PROFIT MOTIVE Reality Shock INEXPERIENCE The Conventional Phenomenon POOR REGULATION NO CAPITAL PUNISHMENT PARANORMAL TENDENCIES MENTAL STATE POVERTY
  8. PROFESSIONAL – DEFINITION, CHARACTERISTICS DELTA STATE CHAPTER MAIN THEME #HOUSING

    FOR ALL SUB THEME PROFESSIONAL QUACKERY & THE NEED FOR STANDARDIZATION LAGOS STATE CHAPTER • A PROFESSIONAL is anyone who earns their living from performing an activity that requires a certain level of education, skill, or training. There is typically a required standard of competency, knowledge or education that must be demonstrated (often in the form of an exam or credential), as well as adhering to codes of conduct and ethical standards. ACCOUNTABILITY C H A R A C T E R I S T I C S ETHICAL COMPETENT TRANSPARENCY HONESTY & INTEGRITY
  9. DANGERS – QUACKERY, UNPROFESSIONALISM DELTA STATE CHAPTER MAIN THEME #HOUSING

    FOR ALL SUB THEME PROFESSIONAL QUACKERY & THE NEED FOR STANDARDIZATION LAGOS STATE CHAPTER Quacks weakens the profession These are the perceptions quackery can cause. In situations where the professional contributions of licensed architects are in reduced demand because of quackery, there will be threat to the practice of Architecture. If this situation persist, Architectural practices are likely to get weakened, poorly patronized and clients will be exposed to substandard services. Unpalatable Consequences Due to the nature of our society and its economic condition, there is often a desire to seek cheap services. Quacks offer ridiculous fees for Architectural services that makes them a suitable fit for this desire. It’s only a handful of clients that can afford the pay licensed architects well. Professionals Become Impoverished Lack / Reduction in the number of trained professionals Majority of quacks lack the skill and training to conduct themselves the way architects would. Architecture being a regulated profession has rules guiding it, spelt out by the regulatory body. Malfunction is next to building collapse as a failure in building industry and more related to architecture. A building is designed for a particular purpose and to specific standard of performance and it fails when the purpose or performance standard are not met. Non-Functional Technical / Design Work Lack of Quality Standards In the Profession The Bad job becomes the NORM Building Collapse as a result Of unethical and unprofessional construction Practices
  10. SOLUTIONS – QUACKERY, UNPROFESSIONALISM DELTA STATE CHAPTER MAIN THEME #HOUSING

    FOR ALL PROFESSIONAL QUACKERY & THE NEED FOR STANDARDIZATION LAGOS STATE CHAPTER Standardization Quality Training • Professional Training • CPD Seminars Qualifying Examinations / Licensure Government Intervention • Implementation of Bye – Laws • Stakeholder meeting / participation • ARCON / NIA • NIQS. NITP. COREN / NSE • Seal / Stamps • APRN - • Standardization is the process of creating standards to guide the creation of a good or service based on the consensus of all the relevant parties in the industry. • The standards ensure that goods or services produced in a specific industry come with consistent quality and are equivalent to other comparable products or services in the same industry. • SON, ARCON, NIA, NSE etc
  11. QUACKERY MENACE – BUILDING COLLAPSE DELTA STATE CHAPTER MAIN THEME

    #HOUSING FOR ALL PROFESSIONAL QUACKERY & THE NEED FOR STANDARDIZATION LAGOS STATE CHAPTER • An evident menace of Quackery in our profession is BUILDING COLLAPSE • Building collapse happens when the load applied to the building is too much that the foundation, and other structural elements of a building cannot resist or carry the load applied. Building collapse simply means the breakdown of a structure. CAUSES OF BUILDING COLLAPSE (Building collapse occur throughout Nigeria with its prevalence being highest in Lagos state) • Failure of coordination of the building process • Insincerity amongst stakeholders • Incompetency / mediocrity amongst built industry consultants and contractors • Inadequate design / lack of technical information leading to • Land slip • Soil shrinkage • Settlement • Foundation failure • Ground movement • Damaged drains • Tree root growth
  12. DELTA STATE CHAPTER MAIN THEME #HOUSING FOR ALL SUB THEME

    PROFESSIONAL QUACKERY & THE NEED FOR STANDARDIZATION LAGOS STATE CHAPTER HOUSING – DEFINITION, FEATURES, ETC SYNAGOGUE CHURCH OF ALL NATIONS, IKOTUN EGBE, LAGOS; 12TH SEPTEMBER 2014. FATALITY: 115 PEOPLE Cause : Undersized Structure
  13. STATISTICS – BUILDING COLLAPSE IN LAGOS STTATE DELTA STATE CHAPTER

    MAIN THEME #HOUSING FOR ALL SUB THEME PROFESSIONAL QUACKERY & THE NEED FOR STANDARDIZATION LAGOS STATE CHAPTER
  14. CASE STUDIES – BUILDING COLLAPSE IN LAGOS STTATE DELTA STATE

    CHAPTER MAIN THEME #HOUSING FOR ALL SUB THEME PROFESSIONAL QUACKERY & THE NEED FOR STANDARDIZATION LAGOS STATE CHAPTER
  15. CASE STUDIES – BUILDING COLLAPSE IN LAGOS STTATE DELTA STATE

    CHAPTER MAIN THEME #HOUSING FOR ALL SUB THEME PROFESSIONAL QUACKERY & THE NEED FOR STANDARDIZATION LAGOS STATE CHAPTER SIGNS OF BUILDING COLLAPSE • Poor construction quality • Insufficient concrete cover • Bulged / buckled walls and structural members • Structural cracks • Tilting as an indication of differential settlement
  16. ROLES & RESPONSIBILTIES – BUILT ENVIRONMENT PROFESSIONALS Architects must have

    a good, practical knowledge of building and allied trades and must have at least a working knowledge of the more specialized aspects of building, such as mechanical and electrical engineering services. Above all they must be creative and dedicated to solving the client’s problems as expressed in the brief. Together in Unity : All professionals in the building Industry needs to join hands to make sure every phase of the project is executed to standard and best practices. To avoid pointing accusing fingers to who is responsible for the collapse of a building Trainings Discuss with Stakeholders Implementation Licensure DELTA STATE CHAPTER MAIN THEME SUB THEME LAGOS STATE CHAPTER #HOUSING FOR ALL PROFESSIONAL QUACKERY & THE NEED FOR STANDARDIZATION PREVENTION • Education and compliance with the National Building Code • Patronage of requisite building personnel • Adherence to standard construction practices • Evaluation of existing buildings • Strict avoidance of indiscipline and corrupt practices
  17. DELTA STATE CHAPTER MAIN THEME #HOUSING FOR ALL SUB THEME

    PROFESSIONAL QUACKERY & THE NEED FOR STANDARDIZATION LAGOS STATE CHAPTER