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情報と職業3/Information-and-Occupation3

 情報と職業3/Information-and-Occupation3

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SayokoMiura

April 27, 2021
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  1. ৘ใͱ৬ۀ ίϯϐϡʔλͷ࢓૊Έ - ϋʔυ΢ΣΞ 3.ίϯϐϡʔλͷ࢓૊Έ - ϋʔυ΢ΣΞ ࡾӜࠤ୅ࢠ

  2. ຊ೔ͷ໨࣍ 1. ίϯϐϡʔλʔͱ͸ 2. σʔλදݱ 3. 5େ૷ஔ 4. 3छྨͷ੍ޚ 3.ίϯϐϡʔλͷ࢓૊Έ

    - ϋʔυ΢ΣΞ
  3. ຊ೔ͷ໨࣍ 1. ίϯϐϡʔλʔͱ͸ 2. σʔλදݱ 3. 5େ૷ஔ 4. 3छྨͷ੍ޚ 3.ίϯϐϡʔλͷ࢓૊Έ

    - ϋʔυ΢ΣΞ
  4. ̍.ίϯϐϡʔλʔͱ͸ ίϯϐϡʔλʔͱ͸ ༩͑ΒΕͨࢦࣔʹै͍ ిؾΛ࢖ͬͯܭࢉ͠ॲཧΛ͢Δ ిࢠܭࢉػͷ͜ͱ 3.ίϯϐϡʔλͷ࢓૊Έ - ϋʔυ΢ΣΞ

  5. ίϯϐϡʔλʔͱ͸ 3.ίϯϐϡʔλͷ࢓૊Έ - ϋʔυ΢ΣΞ 1946೥ ࠷ॳͷίϯϐϡʔλʔɹ ̍.ίϯϐϡʔλʔͱ͸ ࠃ࢈ϝΠϯϑϨʔϜʢ൚༻ػʣ ͷొ৔ 1970ʙ1980

    1980ʙ1990 1990ʙ2000 2000ʙ ύιίϯͷొ৔ ΢Οϯυ΢ζͷొ৔ Πϯλʔωοτͷීٴ େاۀ΍׭ެிʹ ͓͚Δ৘ใԽ தখاۀ΍෦໳ʹ ͓͚Δ৘ใԽ ݸਓ΍Ոఉʹ͓͚Δখ ܕίϯϐϡʔλͷར༻ ݸਓͷ৘ใԽ 1996೥ Ϋϥ΢υ αʔϏε 2010ʙ
  6. ίϯϐϡʔλʔͷछྨ ʢ̍ʣύιίϯ ʢύʔιφϧίϯϐϡʔλʔʣ 3.ίϯϐϡʔλͷ࢓૊Έ - ϋʔυ΢ΣΞ ̍.ίϯϐϡʔλʔͱ͸ ʢ̎ʣϫʔΫεςʔγϣϯ ઐ໳ੑͷߴ͍ۀ຿ʹಛԽͨ͠ߴੑೳίϯϐϡʔλʔɻ ʢ̏ʣαʔόʔίϯϐϡʔλʔ

    ʢΫϥΠΞϯταʔόʔγεςϜʣ ʢ̐ʣεʔύʔίϯϐϡʔλʔ
  7. ίϯϐϡʔλʔͷछྨ ʢ̍ʣύιίϯʢύʔιφϧίϯϐϡʔλʔʣ ɹ< OSʹΑͬͯʼ ɾʮWindowsʯ͕OSɾɾ1984೥IBM͕ൃදͨ͠ύιίϯͷن֨ʮPC/ATʯޓ׵ػͰՔಇ ɾʮMac OSʯ͕OSɾɾɾAppleࣾͷMacintos h ɾʮChrome OSʯ͕OSɾɾɾGoogleࣾͷChromeboo

    k ɹɹɹɹɹɹɹɹɹɹɹɹɹʢLinux Λϕʔεʣ ɾʮLinuxʯɾɾɾΦʔϓϯιʔειϑτ΢ΣΞ ɾʮUNIXʯɾɾɾΦʔϓϯιʔειϑτ΢ΣΞ ɾʮiOSʯɾɾɾiPhoneɺiPa d ɾʮAndroidʯɾɾɾiOSҎ֎ͷ΄ͱΜͲͷϞόΠϧ 3.ίϯϐϡʔλͷ࢓૊Έ - ϋʔυ΢ΣΞ ̍.ίϯϐϡʔλʔͱ͸
  8. ίϯϐϡʔλʔͷछྨ ʢ̎ʣϫʔΫεςʔγϣϯ ઐ໳ੑͷߴ͍ۀ຿ʹಛԽͨ͠ߴੑೳίϯϐϡʔλʔɻ ίϯϐϡʔλʔάϥϑΟοΫεɾಈըฤूɾCADͳͲͰར༻ɻ 3.ίϯϐϡʔλͷ࢓૊Έ - ϋʔυ΢ΣΞ ̍.ίϯϐϡʔλʔͱ͸

  9. ίϯϐϡʔλʔͷछྨ ʢ̏ʣαʔόʔίϯϐϡʔλʔʢΫϥΠΞϯταʔόʔγεςϜʣ ɾΫϥΠΞϯτɾɾɾॲཧΛཁٻ͢ΔଆʢʹαʔϏεΛड͚Δଆʣ ɾαʔόʔɾɾɾॲཧΛ࣮ߦ͢Δଆ 3.ίϯϐϡʔλͷ࢓૊Έ - ϋʔυ΢ΣΞ ̍.ίϯϐϡʔλʔͱ͸

  10. ίϯϐϡʔλʔͷछྨ ʢ̐ʣεʔύʔίϯϐϡʔλʔ ʮߴ଎ͳॲཧʯΛ໨తͱͯ͠࡞ΒΕ͍ͯΔɻ େֶ΍ݚڀػؔͰɺؾ৅ͷ༧ଌͳͲͷʮγϛϡϨʔγϣϯʯʹ࢖ΘΕ͍ͯΔɻ 3.ίϯϐϡʔλͷ࢓૊Έ - ϋʔυ΢ΣΞ ̍.ίϯϐϡʔλʔͱ͸

  11. ίϯϐϡʔλʔͷछྨ 3.ίϯϐϡʔλͷ࢓૊Έ - ϋʔυ΢ΣΞ ʢࢀߟʣੈքͷεʔύʔίϯϐϡʔλʔϥϯΩϯά 2020೥11݄࣌఺ ̍Ґɿ෋ַʢ;͕͘ʣ೔ຊ ̎ҐɿSummitʢαϛοτʣΞϝϦΧ ɹɹɹɹɹ2018೥2019೥ɹ̍Ґ ̏ҐɿSierraʢγΤϥʣΞϝϦΧ

    ̍ҐʹฦΓ࡙͖ʂʂ ̍.ίϯϐϡʔλʔͱ͸
  12. ຊ೔ͷ໨࣍ 1. ίϯϐϡʔλʔͱ͸ 2. σʔλදݱ 3. 5େ૷ஔ 4. 3छྨͷ੍ޚ 3.ίϯϐϡʔλͷ࢓૊Έ

    - ϋʔυ΢ΣΞ
  13. 2.σʔλදݱ σʔλදݱ ʙΞφϩά͔Βσδλϧ΁ʙ 3.ίϯϐϡʔλͷ࢓૊Έ - ϋʔυ΢ΣΞ Ξφϩά ௚ઢɺۂઢɺ೾ɺਤܗͳͲɺ࿈ଓ͢ΔܗͰ දݱ͞ΕΔ ిѹͷ࿈ଓతͳมԽͰ৘ใΛද͢ɻ৴߸ઢͷঢ়ଶʹ

    ΑΓ಺༰͕ྼԽͨ͠ΓϊΠζ͕ࠞͬͨ͡Γ͢Δ͜ͱ ͕͋Δ σδλϧ ̍ɺ̎ɺ̏ɺ̐ɺɾɾͳͲ਺ࣈͰදݱ͞Ε Δ ిѹͷߴʢHiʣͱ௿ʢLowʣͷ̎ஈ֊Ͱ৘ใΛද ͢ɻ̎ஈ֊͔͠࢖༻͠ͳ͍ͷͰɺ৴߸ઢͷঢ়ଶʹ಺ ༰͕ࠨӈ͞ΕΔ͜ͱ͸ͳ͍ ిѹ ࣌ؒ ߴ ௿ σδλϧ৴߸ 1 0 ࣌ؒ ߴ ௿ Ξφϩά৴߸ ిѹ Ξφϩά৘ใ΋σδλϧ৘ใ΋ɺ৴߸ઢΛ௨ΔిؾͷిѹͰද͞ΕΔ
  14. 2.σʔλදݱ σʔλදݱ ʙΞφϩά͔Βσδλϧ΁ʙ 3.ίϯϐϡʔλͷ࢓૊Έ - ϋʔυ΢ΣΞ Ϩίʔυ Իͷ೾ܗΛͦͷ··ߔͷܗͱͯ͠ه࿥ ճస͢ΔϨίʔυͷߔʹ਑Λ͋ͯͯɺ ͦͷৼಈΛిؾ৴߸ʹม͑Δ͜ͱͰԻָΛ࠶ੜ͢Δ

    ̘̙ ԻΛσΟδλϧ৘ใʹม׵͠ɺ খ͞ͳԜತͷܗͰه࿥
  15. 3.ίϯϐϡʔλͷ࢓૊Έ - ϋʔυ΢ΣΞ σʔλදݱ ʙ2ਐ਺ɾ10ਐ਺ɾ16ਐ਺ 10ਐ਺ɾɾɾ೔ৗੜ׆ͷදݱ 0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,ɾɾɾ 2ਐ਺ɾɾɾίϯϐϡʔλʔ಺Ͱͷදݱ 00,01,10,11,100,101,110,111,1000,ɾɾɾ 0

     2.σʔλදݱ 16ਐ਺ɾɾɾ৭ͷදݱͳͲ ɹɹɹɹ#000000ɹɾɾɾࠇ #ff0000ɹ ɾɾɾ੺ ɹɹɹɹ#ffffffɹɹ ɾɾɾന 0  ʙ " # $ % & 0  ʙ '
  16. 3.ίϯϐϡʔλͷ࢓૊Έ - ϋʔυ΢ΣΞ σʔλදݱ ʙ2ਐ਺ɾ10ਐ਺ɾ16ਐ਺ 10ਐ਺ɾɾɾ೔ৗੜ׆ͷදݱ 0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,ɾɾɾ 2ਐ਺ɾɾɾίϯϐϡʔλʔ಺Ͱͷදݱ 00,01,10,11,100,101,110,111,1000,ɾɾɾ 2.σʔλදݱ

    16ਐ਺ɾɾɾ৭ͷදݱͳͲ ɹɹɹɹ#000000ɹɾɾɾࠇ #ff0000ɹ ɾɾɾ੺ ɹɹɹɹ#ffffffɹɹ ɾɾɾന
  17. 2ਐ਺ɾɾɾίϯϐϡʔλʔ಺Ͱͷදݱ 00,01,10,11,100,101,110,111,1000,ɾɾɾ 3.ίϯϐϡʔλͷ࢓૊Έ - ϋʔυ΢ΣΞ 2ϏοτͰදݱͰ͖Δ΋ͷ ɹɹ ɹ2ਐ਺ → 10ਐ਺

    ɹɹɹ ɹ00 → 0 ɹɹɹ ɹ01 → 1 ɹ ɹɹ ɹ10 → 2 ɹ ɹɹ ɹ11 → 3 ɹ ˎ4छྨΑΓଟ͘͸දݱͰ͖ͳ͍ σʔλදݱ ʙϏοτͱόΠτʙ 0  2.σʔλදݱ 2ਐ਺ͷܻʹϏοτ ʢbit : binary digit)
  18. 3.ίϯϐϡʔλͷ࢓૊Έ - ϋʔυ΢ΣΞ 2ϏοτͰදݱͰ͖Δ΋ͷ ɹɹ ɹ2ਐ਺ → 10ਐ਺ ɹɹɹ ɹ00

    → 0 ɹɹɹ ɹ01 → 1 ɹ ɹɹ ɹ10 → 2 ɹ ɹɹ ɹ11 → 3 3ϏοτͰදݱͰ͖Δ΋ͷ ɹɹ ɹ 2ਐ਺ → 10ਐ਺ ɹɹɹ ɹ000 → 0 ɹ ɹɹ ɹ111 → 7 4ϏοτͰදݱͰ͖Δ΋ͷ ɹɹ ɹ 2ਐ਺ → 10ਐ਺ ɹɹɹ ɹ0000 → 0 ɹɹɹ ɹ1111 →1 5 σʔλදݱ ʙϏοτͱόΠτʙ 2.σʔλදݱ 2ਐ਺ͷܻʹϏοτ ʢbit : binary digit)
  19. 3.ίϯϐϡʔλͷ࢓૊Έ - ϋʔυ΢ΣΞ 8Ϗοτ = όΠτ( byteɺB) Ͱ͸0ʙ25 5 ɹɹ

    ɹ 2ਐ਺ → 10ਐ਺ ɹɹɹ 00000000 → 0 ɹɹɹ 11111111 → 25 5 2ਐ਺ͷܻʹϏοτʢbit : binary digit) σʔλදݱ ʙϏοτͱόΠτʙ 2.σʔλදݱ 8Ϗοτ = όΠτ( byteɺB)ɹɹ ɹ 0000000 0
  20. 3.ίϯϐϡʔλͷ࢓૊Έ - ϋʔυ΢ΣΞ 8Ϗοτ = όΠτ( byteɺB) Ϗοτʢbit : binary

    digit) = 2ਐ਺ͷܻ σʔλදݱ ʙϏοτͱόΠτʙ ίϯϐϡʔλͰจࣈΛॲཧ͢ΔͨΊʹɺ̍ͭͻͱͭͷจࣈʹ͸̎ਐ਺ͷ஋ΛׂΓ౰ͯΔ ʹίʔυԽ ɹӳ਺ࣈ ɹɹɹˠ όΠτจࣈ (ӳ਺ࣈͱҰ෦ͷه߸ͳͲ256จࣈ) ɹશ֯จࣈ ɹɹɹˠ όΠτจࣈ (ͻΒ͕ͳΧλΧφ׽ࣈͳͲ65536จࣈ) શ֯จࣈ͸ 2όΠτ 2.σʔλදݱ A 8 ; ཧ Γ μ ࣣ 0000000 0
  21. 3.ίϯϐϡʔλͷ࢓૊Έ - ϋʔυ΢ΣΞ σʔλදݱ ʙϏοτͱόΠτʙ ίϯϐϡʔλͰจࣈΛॲཧ͢ΔͨΊʹɺ̍ͭͻͱͭͷจࣈʹ͸̎ਐ਺ͷ஋ΛׂΓ౰ͯΔ ʹίʔυԽ จࣈίʔυ Shift-JI S

    82A0 2.σʔλදݱ ͋ จࣈίʔυʹΑͬͯɺจࣈʹରԠ͍ͯ͠Δίʔυ൪߸͕ҧ͏ͷͰɺจࣈίʔυࢦఆ͕ҧ͏ ͱจࣈԽ͚͕ى͜Δɻ จࣈίʔυ UTF- 8 3042 શ֯จࣈ͸ 2όΠτ 0011 0000 0100 0010
  22. σʔλදݱ ʙϏοτͱόΠτʙ 3.ίϯϐϡʔλͷ࢓૊Έ - ϋʔυ΢ΣΞ 8Ϗοτ = όΠτ( byteɺB) ɹখɹɹɹɹɹɹɹɹɹɹɹɹɹɹɹɹɹɹɹɹେ

    B KB MB GB TB 1024ഒ 1024ഒ 1024ഒ 1024ഒ ΩϩόΠτ 1024όΠτ ϝΨόΠτ ΪΨόΠτ ςϥόΠτ όΠτ 1024KB 1024MB 1024GB 2ͷ10৐ = 1024 2.σʔλදݱ 0000000 0 όΠτ
  23. খ͍͞ςΩετϑΝΠϧͳͲ 1KB͸໿500จࣈ෼ͷ৘ใ ʢ1όΠτจࣈͷ৔߹ʣ σʔλදݱ 3.ίϯϐϡʔλͷ࢓૊Έ - ϋʔυ΢ΣΞ KBʢΩϩόΠτʣͷΠϝʔδ ը૾ϑΝΠϧͳͲ ߴը࣭ͷը૾͸ɺຕͰ਺M

    B ͢Δ͜ͱ͕͋Δ MBʢϝΨόΠτʣͷΠϝʔδ εϚϗͷ݄ؒ௨৴ྔͳͲ GBʢΪΨόΠτʣͷΠϝʔδ ϋʔυσΟεΫͷ༰ྔͳͲ TBʢςϥόΠτʣͷΠϝʔδ Pʢϖλʣ EʢΤΫαʣ Zʢθλʣ YʢϤλʣ Xʢκφʣ Wʢ΢ΣΧʣ 2.σʔλදݱ
  24. ຊ೔ͷ໨࣍ 1. ίϯϐϡʔλʔͱ͸ 2. σʔλදݱ 3. 5େ૷ஔ 4. 3छྨͷ੍ޚ 3.ίϯϐϡʔλͷ࢓૊Έ

    - ϋʔυ΢ΣΞ
  25. ίϯϐϡʔλʔͷޒେ૷ஔ CPUʢதԝॲཧ૷ஔʣ ੍ޚ૷ஔ ԋࢉ૷ஔ ೖྗ૷ஔ ग़ྗ૷ஔ ੍ޚ໋ྩ σʔλ هԱ૷ஔ 3.̑େ૷ஔ

    3.ίϯϐϡʔλͷ࢓૊Έ - ϋʔυ΢ΣΞ
  26. ίϯϐϡʔλʔͷޒେ૷ஔ ੍ޚ૷ஔ ੍ޚ໋ྩ σʔλ ΩʔϘʔυ 
 Ϛ΢ε 
 εΩϟφ 


    ϚΠΫɹͳͲ σΟεϓϨΠ 
 ϓϦϯλʔ 
 ϓϩδΣΫλʔ 
 εϐʔΧʔɹͳͲ ओهԱ૷ஔ ϝϞϦ /ROM,RAM ิॿهԱ૷ஔ ϋʔυσΟεΫ(HDD)ɺSSDɺ USBϝϞϦɺDVDɹ ͳͲ 3.̑େ૷ஔ 3.ίϯϐϡʔλͷ࢓૊Έ - ϋʔυ΢ΣΞ CPUʢதԝॲཧ૷ஔʣ ੍ޚ૷ஔ ԋࢉ૷ஔ ೖྗ૷ஔ ग़ྗ૷ஔ هԱ૷ஔ ίϯϐϡʔλʔͷ ࢘ྩౝ ࣍͸ԿΛ͢Δ͔ΛܾΊΔ ໋ྩͷ࣮ߦ
  27. ຊ೔ͷ໨࣍ 1. ίϯϐϡʔλʔͱ͸ 2. σʔλදݱ 3. 5େ૷ஔ 4. 3छྨͷ੍ޚ 3.ίϯϐϡʔλͷ࢓૊Έ

    - ϋʔυ΢ΣΞ
  28. ॱ࣍ॲཧ ίϯϐϡʔλʔͷ3छྨͷ੍ޚ ฒ΂ͨॱ൪ʹ໋ྩΛॲཧ͢Δ 4.̏छྨͷ੍ޚ 3.ίϯϐϡʔλͷ࢓૊Έ - ϋʔυ΢ΣΞ ൓෮ॲཧ ͋ΔॲཧΛԿ౓΋܁Γฦ͢ ෼ذॲཧ

    ͋Δ৚݅ʹΑ࣮ͬͯߦ͢Δ಺༰Λม͑Δ
  29. ॱ࣍ॲཧ ίϯϐϡʔλʔͷ3छྨͷ੍ޚ ॱ൪ʹ৭͕มΘΔ ฒ΂ͨॱ൪ʹ໋ྩΛॲཧ͢Δ 4.̏छྨͷ੍ޚ 3.ίϯϐϡʔλͷ࢓૊Έ - ϋʔυ΢ΣΞ

  30. ൓෮ॲཧ ίϯϐϡʔλʔͷ3छྨͷ੍ޚ 1೔৴߸Λಈ͔͠ଓ͚Δ ͋ΔॲཧΛԿ౓΋܁Γฦ͢ 4.̏छྨͷ੍ޚ 3.ίϯϐϡʔλͷ࢓૊Έ - ϋʔυ΢ΣΞ

  31. ෼ذॲཧ ίϯϐϡʔλʔͷ3छྨͷ੍ޚ ΋͠ԡ͠Ϙλϯ৴߸͕ԡ͞ΕͨΒ ͋Δ৚݅ʹΑ࣮ͬͯߦ͢Δ಺༰Λม͑Δ ੨ʹ͢Δ 4.̏छྨͷ੍ޚ 3.ίϯϐϡʔλͷ࢓૊Έ - ϋʔυ΢ΣΞ

  32. ॱ࣍ॲཧ ίϯϐϡʔλʔͷ3छྨͷ੍ޚ ॱ൪ʹॲཧ ൓෮ॲཧ Կ౓΋܁Γฦ͢ ෼ذॲཧ ΋͠ʙͨΒ ৚݅ 4.̏छྨͷ੍ޚ 3.ίϯϐϡʔλͷ࢓૊Έ

    - ϋʔυ΢ΣΞ
  33. ॱ࣍ॲཧ ίϯϐϡʔλʔͷ3छྨͷ੍ޚ ൓෮ॲཧ ෼ذॲཧ ேى͖͔ͯΒֶߍ΁ߦ͘·Ͱͷߦಈ ى͖Δ إΛચ͏ υϥΠϠʔ ৸บ͋ Γʁ

    ෰Λணସ͑Δ 4.̏छྨͷ੍ޚ 3.ίϯϐϡʔλͷ࢓૊Έ - ϋʔυ΢ΣΞ
  34. ίϯϐϡʔλʔͷ3छྨͷ੍ޚ 4.̏छྨͷ੍ޚ 3.ίϯϐϡʔλͷ࢓૊Έ - ϋʔυ΢ΣΞ ߏ଄Խϓϩάϥϛϯά 3ͭͷجຊߏ଄ͷ૊Έ߹ΘͤͰϓϩάϥϛϯά͢Δ͜ͱ ॱ࣍ॲཧ ൓෮ॲཧ ෼ذॲཧ