行政プロセスにデータ分析を取り入れるために知っておきたい知識と事例

 行政プロセスにデータ分析を取り入れるために知っておきたい知識と事例

2020年2月6日に開催された「令和元年度 政策評価に関する統一研修」(埼玉会場)の講義資料です。

(2020-02-09追記)
受講者以外の方々にもたくさんご覧頂いているようでありがとうございます。
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Sayoko Shimoyama

February 06, 2020
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  1. ߦ੓ϓϩηεʹ σʔλ෼ੳΛ औΓೖΕΔͨΊʹ ஌͓͖͍ͬͯͨ ஌ࣝͱࣄྫ   Ұൠࣾஂ๏ਓϦϯΫσʔλ ୅දཧࣄ 

    5IV ྩ࿨ݩ೥౓ ੓ࡦධՁʹؔ͢Δ౷Ұݚम
  2. ຊࢿྉͷిࢠϑΝΠϧೖखํ๏ nຊࢿྉͰ͸ࢀߟࢿྉͷURLΛೖΕ͍ͯͨΓɺΧϥʔͰͷϏδϡΞϥΠζΛଟ༻͍ͯ͠ ΔͨΊɺిࢠϑΝΠϧͰͷӾཡΛ͓͢͢Ί͍ͨ͠·͢ nຊࢿྉ͸૯຿লͷʮ੓ࡦධՁʹؔ͢Δ౷Ұݚमʯͷެࣜϖʔδ͔Β΋ޙ೔ެ։༧ఆͰ ͕͢ɺ͙͢ʹӾཡ͍ͨ͠ํ͸ҎԼͷURL͔Β͝ཡ௖͚·͢ https://bit.ly/3602N28 2020/2/6 Sayoko Shimoyama, LinkData

    2
  3. Enterprise Public Sector Civic Tech Sayoko Shimoyama 2020/2/6 Sayoko Shimoyama,

    LinkData 3
  4. 2020/2/6 Sayoko Shimoyama, LinkData 4 https://public.tableau.com/profile/sayoko.shimoyama.linkdata#!/vizhome/30_32/2018

  5. ໨࣍ 1. ͳͥɺσʔλΛ࢖͏ඞཁ͕͋Δͷ͔ 2. ެڞσʔλͷڞ༗͕΋ͨΒࣾ͢ձతΠϯύΫτ 3. ੓ࡦཱҊͷͨΊͷσʔλ෼ੳͷྲྀΕ 4. σʔλ׆༻ʹ͓͚ΔΑ͋͘Δצҧ͍ 5.

    ͓નΊͷจݙɾࢿྉ 2020/2/6 Sayoko Shimoyama, LinkData 5
  6. ͳͥɺ σʔλΛ࢖͏ ඞཁ͕͋Δͷ͔  4BZPLP4IJNPZBNB -JOL%BUB 

  7. ͲͪΒͷࣄނͷํ͕ා͍ͱײ͡·͔͢ʁ ඈߦػࣄނ ࣗಈंࣄނ 2020/2/6 Sayoko Shimoyama, LinkData 7

  8. ࣮ࡍʹࢮ๢ࣄނʹૺ͏֬཰Λௐ΂ͯΈΔͱ… ඈߦػࣄނ 0.00004% ࣗಈंࣄނ 0.00279% 2020/2/6 Sayoko Shimoyama, LinkData 8

    ೥ͷࠃ಺ͷࣗಈंަ௨ࣄނʹΑΔࢮ๢ऀ਺ɿ ૯ਓޱɿ   ग़యݩɿܯࢹி ૯຿ল౷ܭہ ೥ʹੈքͰൃੜͨ͠ඈߦػࣄނ݅਺ɿ೥ؒ૯ϑϥΠτ਺ɿ   ग़యݩɿ"WJBUJPO4BGFUZ/FUXPSL ໿ ສ݅ʹճ ى͜Δ֬཰ ໿ ສ݅ʹճ ى͜Δ֬཰ ඈߦػͷ ໿ ഒ
  9. ʮՄ༻ੑώϡʔϦεςΟοΫʯ ͱݺ͹ΕΔ൑அͷ܏޲͕ݪҼ nਓ͸ɺ͋ΔࣄྫΛࢥ͍ු͔΂΍͚͢Ε͹ɺ ى͜Γ΍͍͢ͱ൑அ͠΍͍͢܏޲͕͋Δ nೝࣝɺཧղɺܾఆͷࡍʹɺ ࢥ͍ग़͠΍͍͢৘ใ͚ͩʹج͍ͮͯ ൑அ͢Δ܏޲Λ ʮՄ༻ੑώϡʔϦεςΟοΫ (Availability heuristic)ʯͱݺͿ

    nਓ͕ؕΓ΍͍͢ʮೝ஌όΠΞεʯ ͷ͏ͪͷ1ͭ 2020/2/6 Sayoko Shimoyama, LinkData 9 ඈߦػࣄނ͸େ͖͘ใಓ͞ΕΔ͜ͱ͕ଟ͘ɺ ҹ৅ʹ࢒Γ΍͍͢
  10. ೝ஌όΠΞε =ແҙࣝͳࢥߟͷภΓɾޡΓ ೝ஌όΠΞεʢcognitive biasʣͱ͸ɺ ೝ஌৺ཧֶ΍ࣾձ৺ཧֶͰͷ༷ʑͳ؍࡯ऀޮՌ ͷҰछͰ͋Γɺඇৗʹجຊతͳ౷ܭֶతͳޡΓɺ ࣾձతؼଐͷޡΓɺهԱͷޡΓʢڏِهԱʣͳ Ͳਓ͕ؒ൜͠΍͍͢໰୊Ͱ͋Δɻ సͯ͡ೝ஌όΠΞε͸ɺࣄྫূڌ΍๏తূڌͷ ৴པੑΛେ͖͘࿪ΊΔɻ

    ग़యɿ https://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E8%AA%8D%E7%9F%A5%E3%83%90 %E3%82%A4%E3%82%A2%E3%82%B9 2020/2/6 Sayoko Shimoyama, LinkData 10
  11. ೝ஌όΠΞεͷྫᶃɿ ΞϯΧϦϯάޮՌ 2020/2/6 Sayoko Shimoyama, LinkData 11

  12. ೝ஌όΠΞεͷྫᶄɿ αϯΫίετʢຒ຅අ༻ʣ 2020/2/6 Sayoko Shimoyama, LinkData 12

  13. Ͳ͏͢Ε͹ೝ஌όΠΞεΛ֎ͤΔ͔ʁ ͲΜͳೝ஌όΠΞε͕͋Δ͔ ஌͓͚ͬͯ͹ؾΛ෇͚ΒΕΔ…ʁ 2020/2/6 Sayoko Shimoyama, LinkData 13

  14. ໊લͷ෇͍͍ͯΔೝ஌όΠΞε͸190Ҏ্ http://lelang.sites-hosting.com/naklang/method.html 2020/2/6 Sayoko Shimoyama, LinkData 14 ৗʹશͯΛ ҙࣝ͢Δͷ͸ ແཧʂʂ

  15. ೝ஌όΠΞε͸ආ͚ΒΕͳ͍ ࣗ෼΋ɺଞਓ΋ɺೝࣝ΍൑அʹ͸ ৗʹೝ஌όΠΞε͕ ͔͔͍ͬͯΔՄೳੑ͕͋Δ ͱ͍͏લఏͰ͍Δඞཁ͕͋Δ 2020/2/6 Sayoko Shimoyama, LinkData 15

  16. ೝ஌όΠΞεରࡦ Ͳ͏͢Ε͹όΠΞε͕͔͔͍ͬͯΔ͜ͱʹؾ෇͖ɺ ਖ਼͍͠൑அʹۙ෇͘͜ͱ͕ग़དྷΔͷ͔ʁ 2020/2/6 Sayoko Shimoyama, LinkData 16 ओ؍తͳ৘ใ͚ͩͰͳ͘ɺ٬؍తͳ৘ใΛ࢖͏

  17. ٬؍త = ୭͕ݟͯ΋େମಉ͡ղऍ͕Ͱ͖Δ 2020/2/6 Sayoko Shimoyama, LinkData 17 2 ͲͪΒͷೣ͕େ͖͍ʁ

    2 ͲͪΒͷೣ͕ՄѪ͍ʁ 0.3m 20m ٬؍త ओ؍త
  18. ਺஋Λ࢖͏ͱղऍͷᴥᴪΛݮΒͤΔ ྫʣ͋Δࢢʹ͓͚Δٹٸୂһ๊͕͍͑ͯͨ՝୊        

    2020/2/6 Sayoko Shimoyama, LinkData 18
  19. ਺஋Λ࢖͏ͱղऍͷᴥᴪΛݮΒͤΔ ࢢ಺ͷ֤ୂͷୂһ1ਓ͋ͨΓͷ ग़ಈ݅਺※ Λࢉग़ͯ͠ൺֱ ※࢖༻σʔλɿফ๷೥ใͷ೥ؒٹٸग़ಈ݅਺×֤ୂͷ഑ଐਓ਺ ࠷େͰ 7.75ഒ ͷࠩ 2020/2/6 Sayoko

    Shimoyama, LinkData 19 n ਺ࣈ͸ݴ༿ΑΓ΋ղऍͷ෯͕ڱ͍ n ղऍͷᴥᴪ͕ݴ༿ʹൺ΂ͯ ى͜Γʹ͍͘ ग़యݩɿ$PEFGPS+BQBOσʔλΞΧσϛʔʹ͓͚Δ๭࣏ࣗମͷνʔϜͷ౰೔ൃදࢿྉ
  20. ױ ऀ ͷ ੜ ଘ ཰ ܦݧ΍Χϯ͚ͩͰ͸ͳ͘ɺ ͦΕΛཪ෇͚Δ٬؍తͳσʔλ͕ඞཁ nEBPMɿEvidence Based

    Policy Making …ΤϏσϯεʢՊֶతࠜ ڌʣʹج͍ͮͨ੓ࡦཱҊ nEBPM͸ҩֶʢEvidence Based Medicineʣ͔Β೿ੜ ͨ͠ߟ͑ํ • 1989೥ɺ౰࣌Ұൠతʹ࢖༻͞Εͯ ͍ͨෆ੔຺ͷༀͷޮՌΛσʔλΛ औͬͯݕূͨ͠ͱ͜Ζɺ෰༻ʹ Αͬͯࢮ๢཰͕ߴ·Δ͜ͱ͕൑໌ 2020/2/6 Sayoko Shimoyama, LinkData 20 ౰࣌Ұൠతͳෆ੔຺ͷༀ ϓϥηϘʢِༀʣ ܦݧత஌ࣝͷΈͰ൑அ͢Δ͜ͱͷ ةݥੑ
  21. σʔλ෼ੳ݁Ռ͕ܦݧ΍ΧϯΛӽ͑ͨྫɿ PredPolʢถࠃͷ൜ࡑൃੜ༧ଌγεςϜʣ nPredPol ͸ΧϦϑΥϧχΞେֶͷݚڀ άϧʔϓ͕։ൃͨ͠൜ࡑ༧ଌγεςϜ nաڈͷ๲େͳ൜ࡑ৘ใͷσʔλϕʔεΛ ΋ͱʹɺকདྷʮ͍ͭɺͲ͜Ͱʯ൜ࡑ͕ ى͖Δͷ͔ɺػցֶशΛϕʔεʹ༧ଌ nϩαϯθϧεࢢܯͷϓϩͷ൜ࡑ෼ੳ׭ͱ PredPolͷ༧ଌΛൺֱͨ͠ͱ͜Ζɺ

    ൜ࡑ෼ੳ׭ʹൺ΂̎ഒҎ্PredPolͷํ͕ ਖ਼֬ʹ༧ଌͰ͖ͨ 2020/2/6 Sayoko Shimoyama, LinkData 21 ैདྷͷܦݧ΍ΧϯཔΓͷํ๏Ͱ͸ͳ͘ɺ σʔλʹجͮ͘٬؍తͳࠜڌ͔Β൑அ͢Δํ๏΁γϑτ https://www.predpol.com/
  22. σʔλͰࠜڌΛࣔ͢͜ͱͰ߹ҙܗ੒ΛਐΊͨྫɿ εʔύʔϒϩοΫߏ૝ʢόϧηϩφࢢʣ nόϧηϩφͰ͸ࣗಈंͷަ௨ྔ͕ଟ͘ɺԚછ෺࣭΍CO2ɺ ૽ԻͳͲʹΑΔެ֐͕՝୊ nʮࢢຽத৺౎ࢢʯΛίϯηϓτʹ͔͔͛ɺஈ֊తʹं͕௨ΕΔಓΛ ੍ݶ͢ΔܭըΛ࣮ࢪ nަ௨ྔ΍؀ڥʹؔ͢ΔηϯγϯάσʔλΛ༻͍ͯ෼ੳΛߦ͍ɺ ܭը͕ਐΜͩ৔߹ʹͲͷ͘Β͍໰୊͕վળ͢Δͷ͔ɺ ۩ମతͳ਺஋Ͱࣔ͢͜ͱͰ߹ҙܗ੒Λਪਐ •

    ަ௨ྔ͕21%ݮ • 94%ͷࢢຽ͕ةݥͳϨϕϧͷཻࢠঢ়෺࣭ʹࡽ͞ΕΔ͜ͱ͸ͳ͘ͳΔ • 73.5%ͷࢢຽ͸ʮ65σγϕϧҎ্ͷ૽ԻʯΛܦݧͤͣʹ͢Ή 2020/2/6 Sayoko Shimoyama, LinkData 22 https://citiesofthefuture.eu/superblocks-barcelona-answer-to-car-centric-city/
  23. ެڞσʔλͷ ڞ༗͕΋ͨΒ͢ ࣾձతΠϯύΫτ  4BZPLP4IJNPZBNB -JOL%BUB 

  24. αϯϑϥϯγείࢢ º :FMQ͔Βݟ͑Δ σʔλ͕΋ͨΒࣾ͢ձมֵ nαϯϑϥϯγείࢢͰ͸ɺҿ৯ళʹ ର࣮ͯ͠ࢪͨ͠อ݈Ӵੜݕࠪͷ݁Ռ Λσʔλͱͯ͠ެ։͍ͯ͠Δ n:FMQ͸ͦΕΛαʔϏεʹऔΓࠐΈɺ l)FBMUI 4DPSFzͱͯ͠఺ຬ఺

    ͷείΞԽ֤ͯ͠ҿ৯ళͷ ϨϏϡʔϖʔδʹදࣔ  n ੈք࠷େڃͷϩʔΧϧϏδωεͷϨϏϡʔαΠτ n ೔ຊͰ͍͏ͱ͜Ζͷʮ৯΂ϩάʯతͳαʔϏε 4":0,04)*.0:"." -*/,%"5" 
  25.  4":0,04)*.0:"." -*/,%"5"  αϯϑϥϯγείࢢ º :FMQ͔Βݟ͑Δ σʔλ͕΋ͨΒࣾ͢ձมֵ ӴੜείΞɿ ఺

  26.  4":0,04)*.0:"." -*/,%"5"  :FMQ͸ϢʔβʔʹΑΓ҆৺ɾ҆શΛಧ͚ΒΕΔ αʔϏεΛఏڙՄೳʹ ௚ۙͷอ݈Ӵੜ ݕࠪʹ͓͍ͯҧ൓ ͕߲͋ͬͨ໨ αϯϑϥϯγείࢢ

    º :FMQ͔Βݟ͑Δ σʔλ͕΋ͨΒࣾ͢ձมֵ
  27. αϯϑϥϯγείࢢ º :FMQ͔Βݟ͑Δ σʔλ͕΋ͨΒࣾ͢ձมֵ  ΋͠αϯϑϥϯγείࢢ͕ Ӵੜௐࠪ݁ՌΛαΠτͰެද͍ͯ͠Δ ͚ͩͩͬͨΒʁ Ұ෦ͷਓ͔͠ݟʹདྷͳ͍ ΋͠:FMQ͕

    ಠࣗʹҿ৯ళΛධՁ͢Δ είΞΛ෇͚͍ͯͨΒʁ ެฏੑ͕୲อ͞Εͳ͍ ڧΈɿళฮͷӦۀσʔλ΍ޱίϛ σʔλΛूΊͯɺଟ͘ͷϢʔβ͕ ू·Δ৔Λ͍࣋ͬͯΔ ڧΈɿࢢຽͷ҆શΛकΔͨΊʹ࣮ࢪ ͨ͠ௐࠪ݁Ռͱͯ͠ɺެฏͳσʔλ ΛఏڙͰ͖Δ σʔλ͕ڞ༗͞ΕΔ͜ͱͰ ʮ૊৫Λ௒͑ͯಘҙ෼໺Λ෼୲Ͱ͖ΔࣾձʯʹͳΔ 4":0,04)*.0:"." -*/,%"5" 
  28. ߦ੓ͷσʔλ͸୭ʹͰ΋࢖͑ΔΑ͏ʹ ެ։͞Ε͍ͯΔඞཁ͕͋Δ nӴੜௐࠪ͸ࢢͷ੫ۚΛ࢖ͬͯӡ༻͞Ε͍ͯΔͷͰɺ ೲ੫ऀ͸౳ͦ͘͠ͷσʔλΛ࢖͏ݖརΛ͍࣋ͬͯΔ n୭Ͱ΋ࣗ༝ʹ࢖͑ΔσʔλͰ͋Δඞཁ͕͋Δ ΋͠αϯϑϥϯγείࢢ͕ :FMQ͚ͩʹӴੜௐࠪ݁ՌσʔλΛ ౉͍ͯͨ͠Βʁ ෆެฏʹର͠ඇ೉͕ूத Φʔϓϯσʔλ

     4":0,04)*.0:"." -*/,%"5" 
  29. Φʔϓϯσʔλͷఆٛ ࠃɺ஍ํެڞஂମٴͼࣄۀऀ͕อ༗͢Δ׭ຽσʔλͷ͏ͪɺࠃຽ୭΋͕Πϯλʔωοτ౳Λ௨ͯ͡༰қ ʹར༻ʢՃ޻ɺฤूɺ࠶഑෍౳ʣͰ͖ΔΑ͏ɺ࣍ͷ͍ͣΕͷ߲໨ʹ΋֘౰͢ΔܗͰެ։͞ΕͨσʔλΛ Φʔϓϯσʔλͱఆٛ͢Δ ʲग़యʳʮΦʔϓϯσʔλجຊࢦ਑ʯฏ੒೥݄೔ ߴ౓৘ใ௨৴ωοτϫʔΫࣾձਪਐઓུຊ෦ɾ׭ຽσʔλ׆༻ਪਐઓུձܾٞఆ  Ӧར໨తɺඇӦར໨తΛ໰Θͣೋ࣍ར༻Մೳͳϧʔϧ͕ ద༻͞Εͨ΋ͷ 

    ػց൑ಡʹదͨ͠΋ͷ  ແঈͰར༻Ͱ͖Δ΋ͷ  4":0,04)*.0:"." -*/,%"5" 
  30. l0QFO#Z%FGBVMUz ೥ (ʮΦʔϓϯσʔλݑষʯʹΑΔࠃࡍతͳ߹ҙ ʮ੫ۚΛ࢖ͬͯ࡞ΒΕͨ σʔλ͸શͯެڞࡒͱͯ͠ ެ։͢Δ΂͖Ͱ͋Δʯ ͱ͍͏ߟ͑ํΛ ݪଇͱͯ͠࠾༻ 2020/2/6 4":0,04)*.0:"."

    -*/,%"5" 
  31. “Φʔϓϯσʔλ” ͱ͸ɺ ݩʑօ͞Μͷ΋ͷͩͬͨσʔλΛ ฦ͢͜ͱͩͱߟ͍͑ͯ·͢ɻ - Miquel Mateu, Open Data Manager

    of Barcelona City  14-18 June 2016, World Data Viz Challenge 2016, Barcelona 4":0,04)*.0:"." -*/,%"5" 
  32. ೥ɿ׭ຽσʔλ׆༻ਪਐجຊ๏ࢪߦ ˠࠃٴͼ࣏ࣗମ͸ΦʔϓϯσʔλʹऔΓ૊Ή͜ͱ͕ٛ຿෇͚ΒΕͨ  4":0,04)*.0:"." -*/,%"5" 

  33. Φʔϓϯσʔλͷҙٛ  ࠃຽࢀՃɾ׭ຽڠಇͷਪਐΛ௨ͨ͡ ॾ՝୊ͷղܾɺܦࡁ׆ੑԽ  ߦ੓ͷߴ౓Խɾޮ཰Խ  ಁ໌ੑɾ৴པͷ޲্ ʲग़యʳʮΦʔϓϯσʔλجຊࢦ਑ʯฏ੒೥݄೔ ߴ౓৘ใ௨৴ωοτϫʔΫࣾձਪਐઓུຊ෦ɾ׭ຽσʔλ׆༻ਪਐઓུձܾٞఆ

     4":0,04)*.0:"." -*/,%"5" 
  34. Φʔϓϯσʔλͷҙٛ  ࠃຽࢀՃɾ׭ຽڠಇͷਪਐΛ௨ͨ͡ ॾ՝୊ͷղܾɺܦࡁ׆ੑԽ  ߦ੓ͷߴ౓Խɾޮ཰Խ  ಁ໌ੑɾ৴པͷ޲্ ʲग़యʳʮΦʔϓϯσʔλجຊࢦ਑ʯฏ੒೥݄೔ ߴ౓৘ใ௨৴ωοτϫʔΫࣾձਪਐઓུຊ෦ɾ׭ຽσʔλ׆༻ਪਐઓུձܾٞఆ

     4":0,04)*.0:"." -*/,%"5" 
  35. ͳͥ׭ຽڠಇ͕ඞཁͳͷ͔ʁ ͜Ε·Ͱ͸ߦ੓͕ެڞαʔϏεӡӦͷओମͩͬͨ 2020/2/6 4":0,04)*.0:"." -*/,%"5"  ߦ੓ ॅຽ ੫ۚ ެڞαʔϏε

  36. ͳͥ׭ຽڠಇ͕ඞཁͳͷ͔ʁ ੫ऩ͕ݮΔͱɺ͜Ε·Ͱ௨ΓͷެڞαʔϏε͸ ҡ࣋Ͱ͖ͳ͘ͳΔ 2020/2/6 4":0,04)*.0:"." -*/,%"5"  ߦ੓ ॅຽ ੫ۚ

    ެڞαʔϏε
  37. ׭ຽڠಇʹΑͬͯ஍ҬΛ࣋ଓՄೳʹ͢Δ  4":0,04)*.0:"." -*/,%"5"  ߦ੓ ॅຽ ੫ۚ ެڞαʔϏε اۀɾݚڀػؔ

    ߦ੓͕ಘҙͳ෦෼ɺ ߦ੓ʹ͔͠Ͱ͖ͳ͍ ෦෼ʹूத͢Δ ຽ͕ؒಘҙͳͱ͜Ζ͸ ຽؒʹ೚ͤΔ
  38. ΦʔϓϯσʔλʹΑͬͯɺ ૊৫Λ௒͑ͯಘҙ෼໺Λ෼୲Ͱ͖Δࣾձ ͕࣮ݱ͢Δ  4":0,04)*.0:"." -*/,%"5"  ߦ੓ ॅຽ ੫ۚ

    ެڞαʔϏε اۀɾݚڀػؔ ߦ੓ͷ࣋ͭ৘ใΛ ʮσʔλʯͱ͍͏ ڞ༗ʹదͨ͠ܗͰ ຽؒʹ։์͢Δ OPEN DATA
  39. ࣄྫɿʮͣ͠Έͪ*OGPʯ ʢ੩Ԭࢢ º τϤλ*5։ൃηϯλʔʣ  4BZPLP4IJNPZBNB -JOL%BUB  ੩Ԭࢢʮͣ͠Έͪ*OGPʯ nಓ࿏ަ௨৘ใΛ

    ΦʔϓϯσʔλԽ n௨ߦن੍΍ࡂ֐ൃੜ ͳͲͷσʔλΛ ϦΞϧλΠϜͰ഑৴ τϤλ*5։ൃηϯλʔ nڞಉ࣮ݧͰʮͣ͠Έͪ *OGPʯͷσʔλΛऔಘ ͠ΧʔφϏͰ৘ใ഑৴ ʢσʔλެ։ݩʣ ن੍ؔ࿈σʔλɿ੩Ԭࢢݐઃہಓ࿏෦ಓ࿏อશ՝ ๷ࡂؔ࿈σʔλɿ੩Ԭࢢ૯຿ہةػ؅ཧ૯ࣨ $&')(!",*1% # ""  #    7 #13/-5/6 #.54506/+2
  40. ࣄྫɿʮͣ͠Έͪ*OGPʯ ैདྷ͸ඞཁͳ৘ใΛඞཁͳਓʹಧ͚ΒΕͳ ͔ͬͨ  4BZPLP4IJNPZBNB -JOL%BUB  ௨ߦن੍ ৘ใ νϥγ΍ެࣜ8FCαΠτ౳Ͱ

    ৘ใൃ৴ ඞཁͳλΠϛϯάͰ ඞཁͳ৘ใ͕ಘΒΕͳ͍ #&'03& ߦ੓ υϥΠόʔ
  41. ࣄྫɿʮͣ͠Έͪ*OGPʯ ΦʔϓϯσʔλͰϦΞϧλΠϜʹ৘ใ͕ಧ ͚ΒΕΔΑ͏ʹ  4BZPLP4IJNPZBNB -JOL%BUB  ௨ߦن੍ Φʔϓϯ σʔλ

    Φʔϓϯσʔλͱͯ͠ ௨ߦن੍৘ใΛެ։ ඞཁͳλΠϛϯάͰ ࠷৽৘ใ͕ಘΒΕΔ "'5&3 ߦ੓ υϥΠόʔ ຽؒاۀ ΧʔφϏ ։ൃ͍ͯ͠Δ੡඼ʹ ΦʔϓϯσʔλΛࡌͤͯ αʔϏεఏڙ ˞੩ԬࢢͰ͸ΧʔφϏͳͲͷػց͔Β ΦʔϓϯσʔλʹΞΫηεͰ͖ΔΑ͏ʹ ͢ΔͨΊʹɺ"1* "QQMJDBUJPO 1SPHSBNNJOH*OUFSGBDF ͱ͍͏࢓૊Έ Ͱσʔλ͕ެ։͞Ε͍ͯ·͢
  42. Φʔϓϯσʔλͷҙٛ  ࠃຽࢀՃɾ׭ຽڠಇͷਪਐΛ௨ͨ͡ ॾ՝୊ͷղܾɺܦࡁ׆ੑԽ  ߦ੓ͷߴ౓Խɾޮ཰Խ  ಁ໌ੑɾ৴པͷ޲্ ʲग़యʳʮΦʔϓϯσʔλجຊࢦ਑ʯฏ੒೥݄೔ ߴ౓৘ใ௨৴ωοτϫʔΫࣾձਪਐઓུຊ෦ɾ׭ຽσʔλ׆༻ਪਐઓུձܾٞఆ

     4BZPLP4IJNPZBNB -JOL%BUB  ΦʔϓϯσʔλԽ ͢Δ࡞ۀͷ෼ɺ ࢓ࣄ͕૿͑ΔͷͰ͸ʜʁ
  43. ࣄྫɿ ৘ใެ։੥ٻͷܰݮʢ੩Ԭࢢʣ ੩ԬࢢͰ͸ɺ৘ใެ։੥ٻ݅਺ͷଟ͔ͬͨ৯඼ӴੜڐՄʹؔ͢ΔσʔλΛΦʔϓϯσʔλͱͯ͠ ެ։͢Δ͜ͱʹΑΓɺۀ຿ෛ୲ͷܰݮʹ੒ޭ  4BZPLP4IJNPZBNB -JOL%BUB  ৯඼ӴੜӦۀؔ܎ڐՄʹ܎Δ৘ใެ։੥ٻ݅਺ʢ੩Ԭࢢʣ ग़యɿ7-&%ʮୈճσʔλӡ༻ݕ౼෼Պձʢ೥݄೔ʣʯ੩ԬࢢϓϨθϯࢿྉΛ΋ͱʹ࡞੒

    ೥ؒ ݅ݮ ˣ ໿ ࣌ؒ ۀ຿࣌ؒ࡟ݮ
  44. τʔλϧίετ͕ߴ͍ͷ͸ͲͪΒʁ ৘ใެ։੥ٻ 74Φʔϓϯσʔλ "ΦʔϓϯσʔλԽ͠ͳ͍৔߹ ੥ٻ݅਺ʢ೥໨ʣɿ ݅ ੥ٻ݅਺ʢ೥໨ʣɿ ݅ ੥ٻ݅਺ʢ೥໨ʣɿ ݅

    ੥ٻ݅͋ͨΓͷରԠ࣌ؒɿ ࣌ؒ ৬һͷ࣌څɿ  ԁ #ΦʔϓϯσʔλԽͨ͠৔߹ σʔλ࡞੒ରԠʢॳظίετʣɿ࣌ؒ σʔλߋ৽ରԠʢຖ݄ʣɿ ࣌ؒ ੥ٻ݅਺ʢ೥໨ʣɿ ݅ ੥ٻ݅਺ʢ೥໨ʣɿ ݅ ੥ٻ݅਺ʢ೥໨ʣɿ ݅ ੥ٻ݅͋ͨΓͷରԠ࣌ؒɿ ࣌ؒ ৬һͷ࣌څɿ  ԁ  4BZPLP4IJNPZBNB -JOL%BUB  ੩ԬࢢͷσʔλͱώΞϦϯά݁Ռ˞Λࢀߟʹɺඅ༻ΛγϛϡϨʔγϣϯ ˞ओʹରԠ࣌ؒʹؔͯ͠ɺ੩Ԭࢢ৬һ஍Ҭ৘ใԽΞυόΠβʔͷ৽ঙେีࢯʹ৘ใఏڙ௖͖·ͨ͠
  45. γϛϡϨʔγϣϯ݁Ռɿ ΦʔϓϯσʔλԽ͢Δ͜ͱͰରԠίετΛେ෯ʹ࡟ݮͰ͖Δ  4BZPLP4IJNPZBNB -JOL%BUB     

                              ೥໨ ೥໨ ೥໨ "ΦʔϓϯσʔλԽ͠ͳ͍৔߹ #ΦʔϓϯσʔλԽͨ͠৔߹
  46. Φʔϓϯσʔλͷҙٛ  ࠃຽࢀՃɾ׭ຽڠಇͷਪਐΛ௨ͨ͡ ॾ՝୊ͷղܾɺܦࡁ׆ੑԽ  ߦ੓ͷߴ౓Խɾޮ཰Խ  ಁ໌ੑɾ৴པͷ޲্ ʲग़యʳʮΦʔϓϯσʔλجຊࢦ਑ʯฏ੒೥݄೔ ߴ౓৘ใ௨৴ωοτϫʔΫࣾձਪਐઓུຊ෦ɾ׭ຽσʔλ׆༻ਪਐઓུձܾٞఆ

     4BZPLP4IJNPZBNB -JOL%BUB 
  47. ಁ໌ੑɾ৴པͷ޲্͸ lڞ૑zΛਐΊΔͨΊʹඞཁ nڞ૑ $PDSFBUJPO nڞ૑ΛਐΊΔͨΊʹ͸ɺߦ੓ͱຽ͕ؒର౳ͳཱ৔Ͱ࿩͕ Ͱ͖Δඞཁ͕͋Δ nͦͷͨΊʹ͸ɺߦ੓ͱຽؒͷʮ৘ใͷඇରশੑʯ Λղফ͢Δඞཁ͕͋Δ n٬؍తͳσʔλΛڞ༗ͯ͠ɺಉ͡΋ͷΛݟͳ͕Β࿩͕Ͱ ͖Δͷ͕ϕετ

     4BZPLP4IJNPZBNB -JOL%BUB 
  48. Φʔϓϯσʔλ͸ ி಺ͰσʔλΛద੾ʹ؅ཧͰ͖ͯ ͍Δ͔Λࣔ͢໾ׂ΋͋Δ nͦ΋ͦ΋ி಺ͰσʔλΛ ͖ͪΜͱ؅ཧͰ͖͍ͯͳ͔ͬͨΒɺ ެ։͸Ͱ͖ͳ͍ nෆਖ਼ͷ཈ࢭྗʹ΋ͳΔ͜ͱ͕ ظ଴Ͱ͖Δ  4BZPLP4IJNPZBNB

    -JOL%BUB 
  49. Φʔϓϯσʔλͷҙٛ  ࠃຽࢀՃɾ׭ຽڠಇͷਪਐΛ௨ͨ͡ ॾ՝୊ͷղܾɺܦࡁ׆ੑԽ  ߦ੓ͷߴ౓Խɾޮ཰Խ  ಁ໌ੑɾ৴པͷ޲্ ʲग़యʳʮΦʔϓϯσʔλجຊࢦ਑ʯฏ੒೥݄೔ ߴ౓৘ใ௨৴ωοτϫʔΫࣾձਪਐઓུຊ෦ɾ׭ຽσʔλ׆༻ਪਐઓུձܾٞఆ

     4BZPLP4IJNPZBNB -JOL%BUB 
  50.  4":0,04)*.0:"." -*/,%"5"  https://public.tableau.com/profile/sayoko.shimoyama.linkdata#!/vizhome/5946/sheet0

  51.  4":0,04)*.0:"." -*/,%"5"  https://public.tableau.com/profile/sayoko.shimoyama.linkdata#!/vizhome/5946/sheet0 ࡛ۄݝ Ґ ʢ౎ಓ෎ݝதʣ

  52.  4":0,04)*.0:"." -*/,%"5"  ࡛ۄݝ಺جૅ࣏ࣗମͷ Φʔϓϯσʔλਪਐঢ়گ ʢ೥݄೔࣌఺ʣ 68% 43/63 औ૊ࡁ

    ະऔ૊ https://public.tableau.com/shared/MBGTPWHPZ?:display_count =y&:origin=viz_share_link
  53. ੓ࡦཱҊͷͨΊͷ σʔλ෼ੳͷྲྀΕ  4BZPLP4IJNPZBNB -JOL%BUB 

  54. 2020/2/6 ҧ͍Λฉ͔ΕͨΒઆ໌Ͱ͖·͔͢ʁ σʔλ ৘ใ Sayoko Shimoyama, LinkData 54

  55. ʮσʔλʯͱ͸ʁ ISOٴͼJISن֨ʹΑΔఆٛ "A reinterpretable representation of information in a formalized

    manner suitable for communication, interpretation, or processing.” ৘ใͷදݱͰ͋ͬͯɺ ఻ୡɺղऍ·ͨ͸ॲཧʹద͢ΔΑ͏ʹܗࣜԽ͞Εɺ ࠶౓৘ใͱͯ͠ղऍͰ͖Δ΋ͷ ISO/IEC 2382-1:1993 https://www.iso.org/obp/ui/#iso:std:iso-iec:2382:-1:ed-3:en ೔ຊ޻ۀن֨ʮX0001 ৘ใॲཧ༻ޠ-جຊ༻ޠʯhttp://kikakurui.com/x0/X0001-1994-01.html 2020/2/6 Sayoko Shimoyama, LinkData 55
  56. ʮ৘ใʯͱ͸ʁ ISOٴͼJISن֨ʹΑΔఆٛ "Knowledge concerning objects, such as facts, events, things,

    processes, or ideas, including concepts, that within a certain context has a particular meaning. ࣄ࣮ɼࣄ৅ɼࣄ෺ɼաఔɼண૝ͳͲͷ ର৅෺ʹؔͯ͠஌Γಘͨ͜ͱͰ͋ͬͯɼ ֓೦ΛؚΈɼҰఆͷจ຺தͰಛఆͷҙຯΛ΋ͭ΋ͷɻ ISO/IEC 2382-1:1993 https://www.iso.org/obp/ui/#iso:std:iso-iec:2382:-1:ed-3:en ೔ຊ޻ۀن֨ʮX0001 ৘ใॲཧ༻ޠ-جຊ༻ޠʯhttp://kikakurui.com/x0/X0001-1994-01.html 2020/2/6 Sayoko Shimoyama, LinkData 56
  57. 2020/2/6 σʔλ͸ɺ৘ใΛܗࣜԽͨ͠΋ͷ σʔλ ৘ใ ࠶౓৘ใͱͯ͠ղऍͰ͖Δ΋ͷ Sayoko Shimoyama, LinkData 57

  58. 2020/2/6 ਺ࣈ 40 Sayoko Shimoyama, LinkData 58

  59. 2020/2/6 ৘ใ ԣ඿ࢢ໾ॴͰ 2018೥11݄23೔ʹ։࠵͞Εͨ σʔλ෼ੳϫʔΫγϣοϓͷ ࢀՃొ࿥ऀ਺͸ ਓͰ͢ɻ Sayoko Shimoyama, LinkData

    59
  60. 2020/2/6 σʔλ ϫʔΫγϣοϓ ։࠵೔ ϫʔΫγϣοϓ ։࠵৔ॴ ࢀՃొ࿥ऀ ਺  ԣ඿ࢢ໾ॴ

     Sayoko Shimoyama, LinkData 60
  61. ৘ใ⇄σʔλ ૒ํ޲ʹม׵Մೳ 2020/2/6 Sayoko Shimoyama, LinkData 61 ϫʔΫγϣοϓ ։࠵೔ ϫʔΫγϣοϓ

    ։࠵৔ॴ ࢀՃొ࿥ ऀ਺  ԣ඿ࢢ໾ॴ  ԣ඿ࢢ໾ॴͰ 2018೥11݄23೔ʹ։࠵͞Εͨ σʔλ෼ੳϫʔΫγϣοϓͷ ࢀՃొ࿥ऀ਺͸ ਓͰ͢ɻ
  62. σʔλԽ͢Δ͜ͱͰ ଞͷσʔλͱ૊Έ߹ΘͤΒΕΔ 2020/2/6 ৽͍͠ʮ৘ใʯ͕ औΓग़ͤΔ Sayoko Shimoyama, LinkData 62 30

    35 40 24 29 34 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 ԣ඿঎޻ձٞॴ ਆಸ઒ݝி ԣ඿ࢢ໾ॴ ϫʔΫγϣοϓผ ࢀՃऀ਺ͷൺֱ ౰೔ࢀՃऀ਺ ࢀՃొ࿥ऀ਺ Qɿ֤ϫʔΫγϣοϓͷ ʮΩϟϯηϧ཰ʯ͸ Ͳͷ͘Β͍ʁ
  63. σʔλ෼ੳ = σʔλ͔Β৘ใΛҾ͖ग़͢͜ͱ 2020/2/6 Sayoko Shimoyama, LinkData 63 Ωϟϯηϧ཰ 

      30 35 40 24 29 34 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 ԣ඿঎޻ձٞॴ ਆಸ઒ݝி ԣ඿ࢢ໾ॴ ϫʔΫγϣοϓผ ࢀՃऀ਺ͷൺֱ ౰೔ࢀՃऀ਺ ࢀՃొ࿥ऀ਺
  64. σʔλ෼ੳ͸ ໨తΛఆΊ͓͔ͯͳ͍ͱҙຯ͕ͳ͍ ΠϕϯτӡӦऀ ͦͷଞͷਓ 2020/2/6 Sayoko Shimoyama, LinkData 64 ͔࣍Β

    ఆһ ʙ ͘Β͍ଟΊʹਃࠐΛ ड͚෇͚ͯ΋ େৎ෉ͦ͏ʂ Կͷ໾ʹཱͭ ৘ใͳΜͩΖ͏ʁ ୭ʹͲΜͳ৘ใΛఏڙ͢Δͷ͔ɺ ୭ͷͲΜͳ՝୊Λղܾ͍ͨ͠ͷ͔ɺ σʔλ෼ੳΛ͢Δલʹઃఆ͓ͯ͘͜͠ͱ͕ॏཁ
  65. σʔλ෼ੳʹΑΔ੓ࡦ൓өͷྲྀΕ ԾઆΛ ཱͯΔ σʔλΛ ूΊΔ ෼ੳ ධՁ ੓ࡦཱҊ ࢦඪ࡞੒ ՝୊

    ৽͍͠՝୊ͷݕ౼ Ծઆͷؒҧ͍Λૣظʹൃݟ ੓ࡦͷਫ਼౓Λ্͛Δ ਺஋໨ඪɺޮՌࢦඪ Λ࡞੒͢Δ 2020/2/6 Sayoko Shimoyama, LinkData 65 ग़యݩɿ૯຿ল ஍ํެڞஂମʹ͓͚Δσʔλར׆༻ΨΠυϒοΫ 7FS ผఴࢿྉɽσʔλΞΧσϛʔʢσʔλ෼ੳฤʣͷڭࡐɾࢿྉ౳ $$#:+1
  66. σʔλ෼ੳʹΑΔ੓ࡦ൓өͷྲྀΕ ԾઆΛ ཱͯΔ σʔλΛ ूΊΔ ෼ੳ ධՁ ੓ࡦཱҊ ࢦඪ࡞੒ ՝୊

    ৽͍͠՝୊ͷݕ౼ Ծઆͷؒҧ͍Λૣظʹൃݟ ੓ࡦͷਫ਼౓Λ্͛Δ ਺஋໨ඪɺ ޮՌࢦඪ Λ࡞੒͢Δ 2020/2/6 Sayoko Shimoyama, LinkData 66 ग़యݩɿ૯຿ল ஍ํެڞஂମʹ͓͚Δσʔλར׆༻ΨΠυϒοΫ 7FS ผఴࢿྉɽσʔλΞΧσϛʔʢσʔλ෼ੳฤʣͷڭࡐɾࢿྉ౳ $$#:+1 ཁ஫ҙ ϙΠϯτ
  67. ޮՌࢦඪɿఆੑతޮՌΛͲ͏ଌΔʁ ΞϯέʔτͰฉ͘ ͱ͍͏ํ๏͕Α͘औΒΕΔ ࢦඪͷ1ͭʹ͢Δͷ͸OK Ξϯέʔτ݁ՌͷΈͰଌΔͱ ٬؍ੑʹ͚ܽΔ৔߹͕͋Δ 2020/2/6 Sayoko Shimoyama, LinkData

    67 ॅΈ΍͢͞ ·ͪͷ ʹ͗Θ͍ ࢠҭͯͷ ͠΍͢͞ உঁฏ౳ ࿝ޙͷ҆৺
  68. 2020/2/6 Sayoko Shimoyama, LinkData 68 ϙΠϯτɿ ఆੑతޮՌ͸ ఆྔతޮՌʹ ෼ղͯ͠ ࢦඪԽ͢Δ

    ྫɿॅΈΑ͞ϥϯΩϯάʢ౦༸ܦࡁʣ
  69. 2020/2/6 Sayoko Shimoyama, LinkData 69 ఆੑతޮՌ͸ఆྔతޮՌʹ෼ղͯ͠ࢦඪԽ͢Δ ྫɿॅΈΑ͞ϥϯΩϯάʢ౦༸ܦࡁʣར༻σʔλ ॅΈΑ͞ " ҆৺౓

     ਓޱ౰ͨΓපӃɾҰൠ਍ྍॴපচ਺ʢ೥݄ʣɿްੜ࿑ಇলʮҩྍࢪઃௐࠪʯ  ࿝೥ਓޱ౰ͨΓհޢ࿝ਓ෱ࢱɾอ݈ࢪઃఆһ਺ʢ೥݄ʣɿްੜ࿑ಇলʮհޢαʔϏεࢪઃɾࣄۀॴௐࠪʯ  ʙࡀঁੑਓޱ౰ͨΓʙࡀࣇ਺ʢ೥݄ʣɿ૯຿লʮॅຽجຊ୆ாʹجͮ͘ਓޱɺਓޱಈଶٴͼੈଳ਺ʯ  ࢠͲ΋ҩྍඅॿ੒ʢର৅೥ྸɾॴಘ੍ݶͷ༗ແʣʢ೥݄ʣɿ౦༸ܦࡁௐ΂  ਓޱ౰ͨΓܐ๏൜ೝ஌݅਺ʢ೥ʣɿ֤౎ಓ෎ݝܯ࡯ௐ΂  ਓޱ౰ͨΓަ௨ࣄނ݅਺ʢ೥ʣɿަ௨ࣄނ૯߹෼ੳηϯλʔௐ΂ # རศ౓  ਓޱ౰ͨΓখചൢചֹʢ೥ʣɿ૯຿লɾܦࡁ࢈ۀলʮܦࡁηϯαε׆ಈௐࠪʯ  ਓޱ౰ͨΓେن໛খചళళฮ໘ੵʢ೥ʣɿ౦༸ܦࡁʮશࠃେܕখചళ૯ཡʯ  Մॅ஍໘ੵ౰ͨΓҿ৯ྉ඼খചࣄۀॴ਺ʢ೥݄ʣɿ૯຿লɾܦࡁ࢈ۀলʮܦࡁηϯαε׆ಈௐࠪʯ  ਓޱ౰ͨΓҿ৯ళ਺ʢ೥݄ʣ૯຿লɾܦࡁ࢈ۀলʮܦࡁηϯαε׆ಈௐࠪʯ $ շద౓  సग़ೖਓޱൺ཰ʢʙ೥ʣɿ૯຿লʮॅຽجຊ୆ாʹجͮ͘ਓޱɺਓޱಈଶٴͼੈଳ਺ʯ  ਓޱ౰ͨΓࡒ੓ࡀग़ֹ ʢ೥౓ʣɿ૯຿লʮࢢொଜผܾࢉঢ়گௐʯ  ਫಓྉۚʢ೥݄ʣɿ౦༸ܦࡁௐ΂  Ԛਫॲཧਓޱීٴ཰ʢ೥݄ʣɿࠃ౔ަ௨লɺ೶ྛਫ࢈লɺ؀ڥলௐ΂  ౎ࢢܭը۠Ҭਓޱ౰ͨΓ౎ࢢެԂ໘ੵʢ೥݄ʣɿࠃ౔ަ௨লʮ౎ࢢެԂ੔උਫ४ௐॻʯ  ؾީʢ݄ฏۉ࠷ߴɾ࠷௿ؾԹɺ೔র࣌ؒʣʢʙ೥ʣɿؾ৅ிʮϝογϡฏ೥஋σʔλʯ % ෋༟౓  ࡒ੓ྗࢦ਺ʢ೥౓ʣɿ૯຿লʮࢢொଜผܾࢉঢ়گௐʯ  ࣄۀॴ౰ͨΓച্ߴʢ೥݄ʣɿ૯຿লɾܦࡁ࢈ۀলʮܦࡁηϯαε׆ಈௐࠪʯ  ೲ੫ٛ຿ऀਓ౰ͨΓॴಘʢ೥ʣɿ૯຿লʮࢢொଜ੫՝੫ঢ়گ౳ͷௐʯ  ॅ୐౰ͨΓԆ΂চ໘ੵʢ೥݄ʣɿ૯຿লʮॅ୐ɾ౔஍౷ܭௐࠪʯ  ࣋ͪՈੈଳൺ཰ʢ೥݄ʣɿ૯຿লʮࠃ੎ௐࠪʯ  ॅ୐஍ฏۉ஍Ձʢ೥݄ʣɿࠃ౔ަ௨লʮ౎ಓ෎ݝ஍Ձௐࠪʯ
  70. 2020/2/6 Sayoko Shimoyama, LinkData 70 ࢦඪ͸ఆظతʹݟ௚ͯ͠վળ͢Δ͜ͱ΋ॏཁ ྫɿॅΈΑ͞ϥϯΩϯάʢ౦༸ܦࡁʣར༻σʔλ ॅΈΑ͞ ҆৺౓ 

    පӃɾҰൠ਍ྍॴපচ਺ʢਓޱ౰ͨΓʣɿ೥݄೔ݱࡏ ްੜ࿑ಇলʮҩྍࢪઃௐࠪʯ  հޢ࿝ਓ෱ࢱࢪઃɾհޢ࿝ਓอ݈ࢪઃఆһ਺ʢࡀҎ্ਓޱ౰ͨΓʣɿ೥݄೔ݱࡏ ްੜ࿑ಇলʮհޢαʔϏ εࢪઃɾࣄۀॴௐࠪʯ  ग़ੜ਺ʢʙࡀঁੑਓޱ౰ͨΓʣɿ೥ ૯຿লʮॅຽجຊ୆ாʹجͮ͘ਓޱɺਓޱಈଶʯ  ೥গਓޱʢʙࡀਓޱʣ૿ݮ཰ɿ೥݄೔×೥݄೔ ૯຿লʮॅຽجຊ୆ாʹجͮ͘ਓޱɺਓޱಈଶʯ རศ౓  খചۀ೥ؒ঎඼ൢചֹʢਓޱ౰ͨΓʣɿ೥݄ ૯຿লɾܦࡁ࢈ۀলʮܦࡁηϯαε׆ಈௐࠪʢ঎ۀ౷ܭʣʯ  େܕখചళళฮ໘ੵʢਓޱ౰ͨΓʣɿ೥݄ ౦༸ܦࡁʮશࠃେܕখചళ૯ཡʯ  ҿ৯ྉ඼খചࣄۀॴ਺ʢՄॅ஍໘ੵ౰ͨΓʣɿ೥݄೔ ૯຿লɾܦࡁ࢈ۀলʮܦࡁηϯαε׆ಈௐࠪʢ঎ۀ౷ ܭʣʯ շద౓  Ԛਫॲཧਓޱීٴ཰ɿ೥݄຤ ࠃ౔ަ௨লɾ೶ྛਫ࢈লɾ؀ڥলʮԚਫॲཧਓޱීٴঢ়گʯɺ֤౎ಓ෎ݝࢿྉ  ౎ࢢެԂ໘ੵʢਓޱ౰ͨΓʣɿ೥݄຤ ࠃ౔ަ௨লௐ΂  సೖɾసग़ਓޱൺ཰ɿʙ೥ ૯຿লʮॅຽجຊ୆ாʹجͮ͘ਓޱɺਓޱಈଶʯ  ৽ઃॅ୐ண޻ށ਺ʢੈଳ౰ͨΓʣɿʙ೥౓ ࠃ౔ަ௨লʮݐஙண޻౷ܭௐࠪʯ ෋༟౓  ࡒ੓ྗࢦ਺ɿ೥౓ ૯຿লʮࢢொଜผܾࢉঢ়گௐʯ  ஍ํ੫ऩೖֹʢਓޱ౰ͨΓʣɿ೥౓ ૯຿লʮࢢொଜผܾࢉঢ়گௐʯ  ՝੫ର৅ॴಘֹʢೲ੫ٛ຿ऀਓ౰ͨΓʣɿ೥ ૯຿লʮࢢொଜ੫՝੫ঢ়گ౳ͷௐʯ ॅډਫ४ ॆ࣮౓  ॅ୐Ԇ΂চ໘ੵʢॅ୐౰ͨΓʣɿ೥݄೔ ૯຿লʮॅ୐ɾ౔஍౷ܭௐࠪʯ  ࣋ͪՈੈଳൺ཰ɿ೥݄೔ ૯຿লʮࠃ੎ௐࠪʯ
  71. ࢦඪ࡞੒ͷεςοϓ ཁૉʹ෼ղ σʔλͱ ݁ͼ͚ͭΔ σʔλΛ ूΊΔ ࢦඪΛܭ ࢉ͢Δ ϏδϡΞ ϥΠζ

    2020/2/6 Sayoko Shimoyama, LinkData 71 ߏ੒ཁૉͱͯ͠ ߟ͑ΒΕΔ΋ͷ Λྻڍͯ͠ πϦʔߏ଄ʹ ͳΔΑ͏ʹ ੔ཧ͢Δ ͦΕͧΕͷߏ੒ ཁૉΛଌΔͨΊ ʹͲͷΑ͏ͳ σʔλ͕ඞཁ͔ ߟ͑Δ Ͱݕ౼ͨ͠ σʔλ͕ ࣮ࡍʹ͋Δ͔ ୳ͯ͠ऩू͢Δ ऩूͨ͠σʔλ Λ༻͍ͯɺ ൺֱର৅ผʹ ࢦඪΛܭࢉ͢Δ ࢉग़ͨ͠ࢦඪ஋ Λൺֱ͠΍͘͢ ͢ΔͨΊʹ ՄࢹԽ͢Δ
  72. ࢦඪઃܭϫʔΫγϣοϓʹ͓͚Δ ςʔϚͷઃఆྫ ԣ඿ࢢ۠ͷ ʮॅΈ΍͢͞ʯ Λൺֱ͢Δ ࢦඪΛ࡞Ζ͏  4":0,04)*.0:"." -*/,%"5" 

  73. 4UFQཁૉʹ෼ղ ʮॅΈ΍͍͢ʯͱ͍͏ঢ়گ͸ͲͷΑ͏ͳཁૉͰ੒Γཱ͍ͬͯΔ͔ɺ ෇ᝦࢴΛ࢖ͬͯڍ͛ͯΈ·͠ΐ͏  4":0,04)*.0:"." -*/,%"5"  ॅΈ ΍͍͢ ؀ڥ͕

    ྑ͍ ࣏͕҆ ྑ͍    n ʮ͜Ε͕ਖ਼ղʯͱ͍͏΋ͷ͸ແ͍ͷͰɺ ࢥ͍ͭ͘΋ͷΛͲΜͲΜڍ͛ͯΈ·͠ΐ͏ n ͜͜Ͱ͸Ұ୴σʔλ͕͋Δ͔Ͳ͏͔͸ ؾʹ͠ͳͯ͘0,Ͱ͢ ۭؾ͕ ΩϨΠ ྘͕ଟ ͍
  74. 4UFQσʔλͱ݁ͼ͚ͭΔ 4UFQͰڍ֤͛ͨཁૉ͸ɺͲΜͳσʔλͰଌΔ͜ͱ͕Ͱ͖ͦ͏͔ ڍ͛ͯΈ·͠ΐ͏  4":0,04)*.0:"." -*/,%"5"  Ԛછ ෺࣭ ඈࢄྔ

    ॅΈ ΍͍͢ ؀ڥ͕ ྑ͍ ࣏͕҆ ྑ͍    ۭؾ͕ ΩϨΠ ྘͕ଟ ͍ ެ֐ ۤ৘ ݅਺ ྘ඃ཰
  75. 4UFQσʔλΛूΊΔ n4UFQͰڍ͛ͨσʔλ͕࣮ࡍʹ͋Δ͔ ୳ͯ͠Έ·͠ΐ͏ nݟ͚ͭͨσʔλ͕۠ผͷσʔλʹ ͳ͍ͬͯΔ͔ɺ֬ೝ͠·͠ΐ͏ nσʔλΛ୳͢தͰɺ ʮ͜ͷσʔλ΋࢖͑ͦ͏ʂʯͱ͍͏ ΋ͷ͕͋ͬͨΒ௥Ճͯ͠΋0,  4":0,04)*.0:"."

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  76. 4UFQࢦඪΛܭࢉ͢Δ  ࢦඪʹ࢖͏σʔλͷछྨ͝ͱʹ֤۠ͷ ภࠩ஋ Λܭࢉ͢Δ  ֤۠ͷ ૯߹ภࠩ஋ Λܭࢉ͢Δ ʢܭࢉͷΠϝʔδʣ

     4":0,04)*.0:"." -*/,%"5"  ภࠩ஋@྘ඃ཰ ภࠩ஋@Ԛછ෺࣭ ภࠩ஋@999 ૯߹ภࠩ஋ த۠   ɾɾɾ  ੢۠   ɾɾɾ  ೆ۠   ɾɾɾ  ɾɾɾ ɾɾɾ ɾɾɾ ɾɾɾ ɾɾɾ
  77. 4UFQϏδϡΞϥΠζ ࢉग़ͨ͠ࢦඪ஋Λ ൺֱ͠΍͘͢͢ΔͨΊʹ ՄࢹԽ͢Δ ˞ԣ඿৘ใՊֶઐ໳ֶߍͷ ֶੜνʔϜʹΑΔ ʮԣ඿ࢢ۠ͷॅΈ΍͢͞ʯ ࢦඪͷՄࢹԽྫ  4":0,04)*.0:"."

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  78. ࢦඪઃܭମݧϫʔΫ ࣍ͷ͏ͪҰ൪ڵຯͷ͋ΔςʔϚΛબΜͰ͍ͩ͘͞  4":0,04)*.0:"." -*/,%"5"  ॅΈ΍͢͞ ·ͪͷ ʹ͗Θ͍ ࢠҭͯͷ

    ͠΍͢͞ உঁฏ౳ ࿝ޙͷ҆৺
  79.  4":0,04)*.0:"." -*/,%"5"  ࢦඪઃܭମݧϫʔΫ 4UFQɿཁૉʹ෼ղ ςʔϚ 4UFQɿσʔλͱ݁ͼ͚ͭΔ ˞ࠓճ͸4UFQ·Ͱ

  80. σʔλ෼ੳͷྲྀΕશମΛ࣮ࡍʹମݧ͍ͨ͠ํʹΦεεϝ σʔλΞΧσϛʔ nITͰ஍Ҭ՝୊ͷղܾΛਐΊΔஂମʮCode for Japanʯ͕࣮ࢪ͢Δɺߦ੓৬һ޲͚σʔλ ར׆༻ݚमϓϩάϥϜ n2017೥౓ͷ૯຿লࣄۀʹ͓͍ͯΧϦΩϡϥϜ։ൃΛ࣮ࢪ n͜Ε·Ͱʹ60Ҏ্ͷ࣏ࣗମ͕ࢀՃ nैདྷͷ࠲ֶʹΑΔݚमͱ͸ҟͳΓɺ৬һ͕ීஈͷۀ຿Ͱ࢖༻͍ͯ͠ΔσʔλΛ༻͍ͯɺ ੓ࡦͷཱҊ΍ݕূΛ͓͜ͳ͏͜ͱ͕࠷େͷಛ௃

    nσʔλ෼ੳʹΑΔ੓ࡦ൓өͷ7stepͷྲྀΕΛɺ൒೔º4೔ؒͷݚमͰशಘ͢Δ ৄࡉ͸ͪ͜ΒˠσʔλΞΧσϛʔݚڀձ IUUQTEBDPEFKBQBOPSH ᶃԾઆ ݱঢ়෼ੳ ᶄର৅ σʔλ ֬ೝ ᶅ෼ੳ ख๏ݕ౼ ᶆσʔλ ෼ੳ ᶇ ධՁ ᶈ ੓ࡦݕ౼ ᶉ ޮՌࢦඪ 2020/2/6 Sayoko Shimoyama, LinkData 80
  81. σʔλ׆༻ʹ͓͚Δ Α͋͘Δצҧ͍  4BZPLP4IJNPZBNB -JOL%BUB 

  82. σʔλ׆༻ʹ͓͚Δ Α͋͘Δצҧ͍ 1. ఆੑσʔλ͸໾ʹཱͨͳ͍ 2. ૬͕ؔ͋Ε͹ඞͣҼՌؔ܎͕͋Δ 3. ΤϏσϯεΛٻΊΒΕͨ࣌͸ɺ σʔλΛࣔͤ͹OKʂ 2020/2/6

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  83. σʔλ׆༻ʹ͓͚Δ Α͋͘Δצҧ͍ 1. ఆੑσʔλ͸໾ʹཱͨͳ͍ 2. ૬͕ؔ͋Ε͹ඞͣҼՌؔ܎͕͋Δ 3. ΤϏσϯεΛٻΊΒΕͨ࣌͸ɺ σʔλΛࣔͤ͹OKʂ 2020/2/6

    Sayoko Shimoyama, LinkData 83
  84. σʔλ͸ੑ࣭Ͱେ͖͘2ͭʹ෼͚ΒΕΔ ఆྔσʔλ n਺஋ͰେখΛද͢͜ͱ͕Ͱ͖Δσʔλ n٬؍ੑ͕ߴ͍ ʢ୭͕ݟͯ΋େମಉ͡Α͏ʹղऍͰ͖Δʣ nϚΫϩͳࢹ఺Ͱͷ෼ੳʹ༻͍Δ ʢௗͷ໨ʣ ఆੑσʔλ n਺஋ͰදݱͰ͖ͳ͍จষͳͲͷσʔλ nओ؍ੑ͕ߴ͍

    ʢղऍ͸ͦͷਓͷ࣋ͭई౓ʹҕͶΒΕΔʣ nϛΫϩͳࢹ఺Ͱͷ෼ੳʹ༻͍Δ ʢ஬ͷ໨ʣ 2020/2/6 Sayoko Shimoyama, LinkData 84
  85. ఆྔσʔλͷྫɿ Ξϯέʔτͷબ୒߲໨ ๭ࢢʹ͓͚Δߦ੓৬һ޲͚σʔλ׆༻ݚमͷΞϯέʔτΑΓ ͋ͳͨ͸ɺ೔ʑͷۀ຿ͷதͰɺσʔλΛ׆༻ग़དྷ͍ͯΔͱࢥ͍·͔͢ʁ ̍ɽे෼ʹग़དྷ͍ͯΔ ̎ɽग़དྷ͍ͯΔ ̏ɽ͋·Γग़དྷ͍ͯͳ͍ ̐ɽ·ͬͨ͘ग़དྷ͍ͯͳ͍ ̍ɽे෼ʹग़དྷ͍ͯΔ 

    ̎ɽग़དྷ͍ͯΔ  ̏ɽ͋·Γग़དྷ͍ͯͳ͍  ̐ɽ·ͬͨ͘ग़དྷ͍ͯͳ͍  ूܭͯ͠਺஋ԽͰ͖Δ ఆྔσʔλ 2020/2/6 Sayoko Shimoyama, LinkData 85
  86. ఆྔσʔλͷ࢖͍Ͳ͜Ζ͸ ʮ၆ᛌʯ n਺஋Ͱൺֱ͢Δ͜ͱͰɺঢ়ଶΛ၆ᛌతʹ೺ѲͰ͖Δ n౷Ұ͞Εͨج४ͰൺֱͰ͖Δ શडߨऀͷ  ͕೔ৗͷ ۀ຿ͰσʔλΛ׆༻Ͱ͖͍ͯΔ 2͋ͳͨ͸ɺ೔ʑͷۀ຿ͷதͰɺ σʔλΛ׆༻ग़དྷ͍ͯΔͱࢥ͍·͔͢ʁ

    ݚमͷ ࣮ࢪ ݚम࣮ࢪલ શडߨऀͷ  ͕೔ৗͷ ۀ຿ͰσʔλΛ׆༻Ͱ͖͍ͯΔ ݚम࣮ࢪ೥ޙ 2͋ͳͨ͸ɺ೔ʑͷۀ຿ͷதͰɺ σʔλΛ׆༻ग़དྷ͍ͯΔͱࢥ͍·͔͢ʁ 2020/2/6 Sayoko Shimoyama, LinkData 86
  87. ఆੑσʔλͷྫɿ Ξϯέʔτͷࣗ༝هड़߲໨ ๭ࢢʹ͓͚Δߦ੓৬һ޲͚σʔλ׆༻ݚमͷΞϯέʔτΑΓ σʔλ׆༻ʹ͍ͭͯɺ՝୊౳͕͋Ε͹ڭ͍͑ͯͩ͘͞ɻʢࣗ༝هड़ʣ ਺஋ԽͰ͖ͳ͍ ʹఆੑσʔλ σʔλऩूɺ׆༻ɺఏڙͷϊ΢ϋ΢ෆ଍ ݱࡏͷۀ຿಺༰্ɺ͋·Γଟ͘ͷσʔλΛѻΘͳ͍ͨΊɺ׆༻ํ๏ʹ೰ΜͰ͍Δ Φʔϓϯσʔλͷ֓೦͕શ͘ਁಁ͍ͯ͠ͳ͍ɺ࢓ࣄ΋σʔλ΋λςׂΓ ̥̘౳ɺϋʔυɾιϑτ؀ڥ͕ෆ଍͍ͯ͠Δʢॲཧೳྗ౳ʣ

    ීஈͷۀ຿͔Β׆༻ͨ͠ޙͷΠϝʔδ͕Θ͔Βͳ͍ σʔλΛݟͯԿ͔Λײ͡ͱΔɺ೺Ѳ͢Δ͜ͱʹۤखҙ͕ࣝ͋Γ׆༻·ͰࢸΒͳ͍ɺηϯεʁ׳Εʁ ະ஌ͷ༗ޮ׆༻͞Ε͍ͯͳ͍ி಺σʔλ͕ଘࡏ͢ΔͱࢥΘΕΔ ɾɾɾ 2020/2/6 Sayoko Shimoyama, LinkData 87
  88. ఆੑσʔλͷ࢖͍Ͳ͜Ζ͸ ʮਂ۷Γʯ nఆྔσʔλΑΓ΋৘ใྔ͸ଟ͍ͨΊɺݸʑͷঢ়ଶΛΑΓਂ۷Γͯ͠೺ѲͰ͖Δ n࣍ͷΞΫγϣϯΛݕ౼͢Δ্Ͱͷ͕ࣔࠦಘΒΕΔ σʔλऩूɺ׆༻ɺఏڙͷϊ΢ϋ΢ෆ଍ ݱࡏͷۀ຿಺༰্ɺ͋·Γଟ͘ͷσʔλΛѻΘͳ͍ ͨΊɺ׆༻ํ๏ʹ೰ΜͰ͍Δ Φʔϓϯσʔλͷ֓೦͕શ͘ਁಁ͍ͯ͠ͳ͍ɺ࢓ࣄ ΋σʔλ΋λςׂΓ ̥̘౳ɺϋʔυɾιϑτ؀ڥ͕ෆ଍͍ͯ͠Δʢॲཧ

    ೳྗ౳ʣ ීஈͷۀ຿͔Β׆༻ͨ͠ޙͷΠϝʔδ͕Θ͔Βͳ͍ σʔλΛݟͯԿ͔Λײ͡ͱΔɺ೺Ѳ͢Δ͜ͱʹۤख ҙ͕ࣝ͋Γ׆༻·ͰࢸΒͳ͍ɺηϯεʁ׳Εʁ ະ஌ͷ༗ޮ׆༻͞Ε͍ͯͳ͍ி಺σʔλ͕ଘࡏ͢Δ ͱࢥΘΕΔ ɾɾɾ 2σʔλ׆༻ʹ͍ͭͯɺ՝୊౳͕͋Ε͹ڭ͍͑ͯͩ͘͞ɻ ෼ྨɾ ੔ཧ σʔλΛࣗ༝ʹ࢖͑Δ؀ڥ͕ ੔͍ͬͯͳ͍ ࣗ෼ͷۀ຿ͱ݁ͼ෇͚ͯ ߟ͑Δ͜ͱ͕ࠔ೉ σʔλΛ࢖͏͜ͱʹର͢Δ യવͱͨۤ͠खײ͕֮͋Δ ݸผͷΠϯλϏϡʔ౳ͰΑΓঢ়گ Λਂ͘೺Ѳ ϐοΫΞοϓ 2020/2/6 Sayoko Shimoyama, LinkData 88
  89. σʔλ׆༻ʹ͓͚Δ Α͋͘Δצҧ͍ 1. ఆੑσʔλ͸໾ʹཱͨͳ͍ →ఆྔσʔλͱఆੑσʔλ͸໨తʹԠͯ͡࢖͍෼͚Δ 2. ૬͕ؔ͋Ε͹ඞͣҼՌؔ܎͕͋Δ 3. ΤϏσϯεΛٻΊΒΕͨ࣌͸ɺ σʔλΛࣔͤ͹OKʂ

    2020/2/6 Sayoko Shimoyama, LinkData 89
  90. σʔλ׆༻ʹ͓͚Δ Α͋͘Δצҧ͍ 1. ఆੑσʔλ͸໾ʹཱͨͳ͍ →ఆྔσʔλͱఆੑσʔλ͸໨తʹԠͯ͡࢖͍෼͚Δ 2. ૬͕ؔ͋Ε͹ඞͣҼՌؔ܎͕͋Δ 3. ΤϏσϯεΛٻΊΒΕͨ࣌͸ɺ σʔλΛࣔͤ͹OKʂ

    2020/2/6 Sayoko Shimoyama, LinkData 90
  91. ૬ؔͱ͸ ೋͭͷࣄ৅͕ີ઀ʹ͔͔ΘΓ߹͍ɺҰํ͕มԽ͢Ε͹ଞํ΋มԽ͢ΔΑ͏ͳؔ܎ɻ ෛͷ૬ؔ ਖ਼ͷ૬ؔ Ұํͷ஋͕େ͖͘ͳΔͱɺ ΋͏Ұํͷ஋΋େ͖͘ͳΔ Ұํͷ஋͕େ͖͘ͳΔͱɺ ΋͏Ұํͷ஋͸খ͘͞ͳΔ 2020/2/6 Sayoko

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  92. ૬ؔ≠ҼՌؔ܎ ྫʣΞΠεΫϦʔϜͷചΓ্͛ͱనࢮऀͷ਺ʹ૬͕ؔ͋ͬͨ ΞΠε͕ചΕΔ ͜ͱʹΑͬͯ నࢮऀ͕૿͑Δ ؾԹͷ্ঢ ڞ௨ཁҼ 2020/2/6 Sayoko Shimoyama,

    LinkData 92 ؾԹ্͕͕Δ ͜ͱʹΑͬͯ ΞΠε͕ചΕΔ ؾԹ্͕͕Δ ͜ͱʹΑͬͯ ʢւ΍઒Ͱӭ͙ਓ͕ ૿͑ͯʣ నࢮऀ͕૿͑Δ
  93. ૬͕ؔ͋ͬͯ΋ҼՌؔ܎͕ͳ͍έʔεᶃɿ ڞ௨ͷཁҼ͕͋Δʢަབྷʣ nC͕AͱBʹӨڹΛ༩͍͑ͯΔঢ়ଶ nAͱBͷؒʹ௚઀తͳؔ܎ੑ͸ͳ͍ A B C 2020/2/6 Sayoko Shimoyama,

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  94. ૬͕ؔ͋ͬͯ΋ҼՌؔ܎͕ͳ͍έʔεᶃɿ ڞ௨ͷཁҼ͕͋Δʢަབྷʣ nྫʣʮίʔώʔΛҿΉྔʯͱʮ৺ےߎ࠹ͷൃ঱཰ʯʹਖ਼ͷ૬͕ؔ͋ͬͨ      2020/2/6 Sayoko

    Shimoyama, LinkData 94 ίʔώʔΛΑ͘ҿΉਓͰ λόίΛٵ͏ਓ͕ଟ͔ͬͨ ٤Ԏ͕৺ےߎ࠹ൃ঱ͷ ཁҼʹͳ͍ͬͯͨ
  95. ૬͕ؔ͋ͬͯ΋ҼՌؔ܎͕ͳ͍έʔεᶄɿ ҼՌؔ܎ͷํ޲͕ٯ 2020/2/6 Sayoko Shimoyama, LinkData 95 n"ʹΑͬͯ#͕Ҿ͖ى͜͞ΕͨͷͰ͸ͳ͘ɺ#ʹΑͬͯ"͕Ҿ͖ى͜͞Εͨ n૬ؔ෼ੳͰ͸࣌ؒతͳલޙؔ܎͕ݟ͑ͳ͍ͨΊɺؾ͖ͮʹ͍͘ A

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  96. ૬͕ؔ͋ͬͯ΋ҼՌؔ܎͕ͳ͍έʔεᶄɿ ҼՌؔ܎ͷํ޲͕ٯ 2020/2/6 Sayoko Shimoyama, LinkData 96 nྫʣʮࣄނͷൃੜ݅਺ʯͱʮ஫ҙשىͷ؃൘ͷઃஔ਺ʯʹ ਖ਼ͷ૬͕ؔ͋ͬͨ 

      
  97. ૬͕ؔ͋ͬͯ΋ҼՌؔ܎͕ͳ͍έʔεᶅɿ બ୒όΠΞε nAͱBͷ෼ੳର৅σʔλ͕ҼՌͷ߹ྲྀ఺Cʹ͓͍ͯɺબൈʗ૚ผʗௐ੔͞Εͯ ͠·͍ͬͯΔӨڹͰɺҼՌؔ܎͕ͳ͍ͷʹ૬͕ؔੜͯ͡͠·͏έʔε A B C 2020/2/6 Sayoko Shimoyama,

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  98. ૬͕ؔ͋ͬͯ΋ҼՌؔ܎͕ͳ͍έʔεᶅɿ બ୒όΠΞε nྫʣ࣮ٕࢼݧͷ఺਺ͱֶྗࢼݧͷ఺਺ͷ߹ܭ఺Ͱ߹൱͕ܾ·Δࢼݧʹ͓͍ͯɺ ߹֨ऀͷʮ࣮ٕࢼݧͷ఺਺ʯͱʮֶྗࢼݧͷ఺਺ʯʹෛͷ૬͕ؔ͋ͬͨ      

    2020/2/6 Sayoko Shimoyama, LinkData 98
  99. ૬͕ؔ͋ͬͯ΋ҼՌؔ܎͕ͳ͍έʔεᶆɿ શ͘ͷۮવ nશ͘Կͷؔ܎΋ͳ͍AͱBͰ͋ͬͯ΋ɺۮવ૬͕ؔੜͯ͡͠·͏έʔε A B 2020/2/6 Sayoko Shimoyama, LinkData 99

  100. ૬͕ؔ͋ͬͯ΋ҼՌؔ܎͕ͳ͍έʔεᶆɿ શ͘ͷۮવ nྫʣʮϓʔϧʹ͓͚Δనࢮऀ਺ʯͱʮχίϥεɾέΠδͷөըग़ԋ਺ʯʹਖ਼ͷ૬͕ؔ ͋ͬͨ 2020/2/6 Sayoko Shimoyama, LinkData 100 http://www.tylervigen.com/spurious-

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  101. σʔλ׆༻ʹ͓͚Δ Α͋͘Δצҧ͍ 1. ఆੑσʔλ͸໾ʹཱͨͳ͍ →ఆྔσʔλͱఆੑσʔλ͸໨తʹԠͯ͡࢖͍෼͚Δ 2. ૬͕ؔ͋Ε͹ඞͣҼՌؔ܎͕͋Δ →૬͕ؔ͋ͬͯ΋ҼՌؔ܎͕ͳ͍৔߹͕͋Δ 3. ΤϏσϯεΛٻΊΒΕͨ࣌͸ɺ

    σʔλΛࣔͤ͹OKʂ 2020/2/6 Sayoko Shimoyama, LinkData 101
  102. σʔλ׆༻ʹ͓͚Δ Α͋͘Δצҧ͍ 1. ఆੑσʔλ͸໾ʹཱͨͳ͍ →ఆྔσʔλͱఆੑσʔλ͸໨తʹԠͯ͡࢖͍෼͚Δ 2. ૬͕ؔ͋Ε͹ඞͣҼՌؔ܎͕͋Δ →૬͕ؔ͋ͬͯ΋ҼՌؔ܎͕ͳ͍৔߹͕͋Δ 3. ΤϏσϯεΛٻΊΒΕͨ࣌͸ɺ

    σʔλΛࣔͤ͹OKʂ 2020/2/6 Sayoko Shimoyama, LinkData 102
  103. Before/Afterσʔλ͚ͩͰ ҼՌؔ܎Λਪఆ͢Δͷ͸ࠔ೉ n࣮ݧࣨ಺ͳΒɺӨڹΛٴ΅͢Մೳੑͷ͋ΔཁૉΛഉআ͢ΔΑ͏ʹ ৚݅ΛίϯτϩʔϧͰ͖Δ n͔͠͠ɺ࣮ࣾձͰ͸ಛఆͷཁૉΛഉআ͢Δ͜ͱ͸ࠔ೉ n#FGPSF"GUFSͷσʔλ͚ͩͰ͸ɺࢪࡦʹΑͬͯ՝୊͕վળ͞Ε͔ͨ͸ ෼͔Βͳ͍ʢଞͷཁҼͷՄೳੑΛഉআͰ͖ͳ͍ʣ 2020/2/6 Sayoko Shimoyama,

    LinkData 103 ࢪࡦ࣮ࢪલ ࢪࡦ࣮ࢪޙ ࢪࡦͷ ࣮ࢪ ՝୊ͷ վળ ʁ
  104. ϥϯμϜൺֱԽࢼݧ (Randomized Controlled Trial: RCT) nର৅ΛϥϯμϜʹάϧʔϓ෼͚ͯ͠ࢦඪΛܭଌ͠ൺֱ 1. ࢪࡦΛ࣮ࢪ͢Δάϧʔϓʢॲஔ܈ʣ 2. ࢪࡦΛ࣮ࢪ͠ͳ͍άϧʔϓʢରর܈ʣ

    nϥϯμϜɾάϧʔϐϯάʹΑͬͯଞͷཁҼʹΑΔӨڹΛഉআ ର৅ ॲஔ܈ ରর܈ ࢦඪΛܭଌ ࢦඪΛܭଌ ࢪࡦޮՌ ࠩΛൺֱ ϥϯμϜʢແ࡞ҝʣ ʹάϧʔϐϯά 2020/2/6 Sayoko Shimoyama, LinkData 104
  105. ΤϏσϯεͷڧ͞ͷ֊૚ nʮΤϏσϯεʹجͮ͘ҩྍ (Evidence-Based Medicine) ʯʹ ୺Λൃͨ͠ΤϏσϯεͷ֊૚ (Ϩϕϧ) ͕ࣾձՊֶʹ΋Ԡ༻͞Ε͍ͯΔ nϨϕϧ্͕͕Δ΄ͲΑΓਖ਼֬ʹҼՌؔ܎ΛਪఆͰ͖Δͱݟͳ͞ΕΔ ग़యɿਖ਼໦๎໵ɺ௡୩تҰ࿠ʢʣʮΤϏσϯεʹجͮ͘ҩྍʢ&.#ͷܥේͱํ޲ੑɿอ݈

    ҩྍධՁʹՌͨ͢ίΫϥϯڞಉܭըͷ໾ׂͱະདྷʣʯʰ೔ຊධՁݚڀ ୈרୈ߸ʱQQ 4  b a 1b 1a ෳ਺ͷϥϯμϜԽൺֱࢼݧͷϝλɾΞφϦγε গͳ͘ͱ΋̍ͭͷϥϯμϜԽൺֱࢼݧ গͳ͘ͱ΋̍ͭͷඇϥϯμϜԽൺֱࢼݧ গͳ͘ͱ΋̍ͭͷ४࣮ݧతݚڀ ඇ࣮ݧతݚڀɺهड़తݚڀ ઐ໳Ոͷใࠂ΍ҙݟɺݖҖऀͷܦݧ 2020/2/6 Sayoko Shimoyama, LinkData 105
  106. ࣄྫɿਆಸ઒ݝ༿ࢁொͷ ์ஔ͝Έ࡟ݮࢪࡦͷޮՌݕূ n༿ࢁொ͸2008೥ɺ೔ຊͰ3൪໨ʹʮθϩɾ΢ΣΠετ੓ࡦʯʢ͝ΈͷపఈతͳࢿݯԽɾݮྔԽʣΛಋೖ nࢿݯ͝Έͷऩूڌ఺Ͱ͋Δࢿݯεςʔγϣϯͷ؅ཧ͸ɺθϩɾ΢ΣΠετͷୡ੒ʹ޲͚ͨॏཁࢪࡦ nࢿݯεςʔγϣϯͰͷ์ஔ͝Έ͕ݮΒͳ͍͜ͱʹொɾॅຽ͕಄Λ೰·͍ͤͯͨ →ࢪࡦ࣮ݧΛ࣮ࢪ 2020/2/6 Sayoko Shimoyama, LinkData

    106 ϞχλϦϯάର৅ εςʔγϣϯ  ରࡦɿνϥγ഑෍  ରࡦɿ؃൘ܝࡌ  ରࡦͳ͠  ࣄલϞχλϦϯά ʹج͖ͮϥϯμϜ ʹάϧʔϓԽ ࠩ͸ແ͔ͬͨ ʢޮՌͳ͠ʣ ଟ͘ ࡟ݮͰ͖ͨ ʢ࡟ݮޮՌ͋Γʣ ϞχλϦϯά Λ࣮ࢪ͠ɺ ݁ՌΛൺֱ ग़యɿ੓ࡦͷޮՌΛͲ͏ଌఆ͢Δ͔ʁɿւ֎ʹ͓͚ΔʮΤϏσϯεʹجͮ͘੓ࡦʯͷ࠷৽ಈ޲ IUUQTXXXSJFUJHPKQKQFWFOUTCCMIUNM શொల։
  107. ࣄྫɿਆಸ઒ݝ༿ࢁொͷ ์ஔ͝Έ࡟ݮࢪࡦͷޮՌݕূ 2020/2/6 Sayoko Shimoyama, LinkData 107 ग़యɿʮΤϏσϯεΛ੓ࡦʹͲ͏࢖͏͔ ΠΪϦεͷಈ޲ͱ೔ຊ΁ͷద༻ࣄྫ͔Βͷࣔࠦʯ খྛ༱ฏ

     IUUQTXXXSJFUJHPKQKQFWFOUTCCMQEG
  108. ࣄྫɿਆಸ઒ݝ༿ࢁொͷ ์ஔ͝Έ࡟ݮࢪࡦͷޮՌݕূ 2020/2/6 Sayoko Shimoyama, LinkData 108 ग़యɿʮΤϏσϯεΛ੓ࡦʹͲ͏࢖͏͔ ΠΪϦεͷಈ޲ͱ೔ຊ΁ͷద༻ࣄྫ͔Βͷࣔࠦʯ খྛ༱ฏ

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  109. ࣄྫɿਆಸ઒ݝ༿ࢁொͷ ์ஔ͝Έ࡟ݮࢪࡦͷޮՌݕূ 2020/2/6 Sayoko Shimoyama, LinkData 109 ग़యɿʮΤϏσϯεΛ੓ࡦʹͲ͏࢖͏͔ ΠΪϦεͷಈ޲ͱ೔ຊ΁ͷద༻ࣄྫ͔Βͷࣔࠦʯ খྛ༱ฏ

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  110. RCT͕࣮ࢪͰ͖ͳ͍৔߹ɺ ࣭ͷߴ͍ΤϏσϯεΛಘΔ͜ͱ͸ෆՄೳʁ n౴͑͸ʮNoʯ nϥϯμϜൺֱԽࢼݧ (RCT) Λߦͳͬͨͷͱಉ༷ͷঢ়گͷ σʔλ͕ೖखͰ͖Ε͹Մೳ nطଘͷߦ੓σʔλ͕࢖͑Δ৔߹͕͋Δ 2020/2/6 Sayoko

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  111. ྫʣΧϦϑΥϧχΞभʹ͓͚Δ ిྗফඅྔͷ෼ੳ ग़యɿ੓ࡦͷޮՌΛͲ͏ଌఆ͢Δ͔ʁɿւ֎ʹ͓͚ΔʮΤϏσϯεʹجͮ͘੓ࡦʯͷ࠷৽ಈ޲ IUUQTXXXSJFUJHPKQKQFWFOUTCCMIUNM n෼ੳͷ໨తɿ ʮిྗͷྉۚΛ্͛Δͱɺফඅऀ͕Ͳͷ͘Β͍ͷྔΛઅి͢Δͷ͔஌Γ͍ͨ ʯ n෼ੳ࣮ࢪऀɿγΧΰେֶެڞ੓ࡦେֶӃ ҏ౻ެҰ࿕ࢯ nڠྗػؔɿ

    CaIifornia Energy Commission (੓෎), SCE, SDG&E (ిྗձࣾ) nར༻σʔλɿੈଳ͝ͱͷ݄ؒిྗফඅσʔλ10೥෼ pΧϦϑΥϧχΞभͷ͋Δ౎ࢢͰ͸ೆ๺Ͱ ిྗձ͕ࣾҟͳΔ p྆ํͷిྗձࣾͷిྗྉ͕ۚಉ༷ʹ มԽ͍ͯͨ࣌͠ظͱɺೆ෦͚ͩ ిྗྉ্͕͕ۚͬͨ࣌ظ͕͋Δ 2020/2/6 Sayoko Shimoyama, LinkData 111
  112. ྫʣΧϦϑΥϧχΞभʹ͓͚Δ ిྗফඅྔͷ෼ੳ ྆ํͷిྗձࣾͷిྗྉ͕ۚಉ༷ʹมԽ͍ͯͨ࣌͠ظͱൺֱ͢Δͱɺೆ෦Ͱిྗྉ্͕͕ۚͬͨ ࣌ظͷిྗফඅྔ͸12-13%ݮগ͍ͯͨ͠ →ిྗྉ্͕͕ۚΔͱফඅऀ͸અి͢Δ ྆஍ҬͰྉ͕ۚಉ༷ͩͬͨ࣌ظ ೆ෦͚ͩྉ্͕͕ۚͬͨ࣌ظ ๺෦ ೆ෦ ๺෦

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  113. σʔλ׆༻ʹ͓͚Δ Α͋͘Δצҧ͍ 1. ఆੑσʔλ͸໾ʹཱͨͳ͍ →ఆྔσʔλͱఆੑσʔλ͸໨తʹԠͯ͡࢖͍෼͚Δ 2. ૬͕ؔ͋Ε͹ඞͣҼՌؔ܎͕͋Δ →૬͕ؔ͋ͬͯ΋ҼՌؔ܎͕ͳ͍৔߹͕͋Δ 3. ΤϏσϯεΛٻΊΒΕͨ࣌͸ɺ

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  114. ͓નΊͷจݙɾࢿྉ  4BZPLP4IJNPZBNB -JOL%BUB 

  115. σʔλΛར׆༻ͨ͠੓ࡦཱҊϓϩηεΛֶͼ͍ͨํ΁ σʔλ׆༻Ͱ஍ҬͷϛϥΠΛม͑Δʂ ՝୊ղܾͷ4UFQ  4BZPLP4IJNPZBNB -JOL%BUB  nҎ্ͷ࣏ࣗମ͕डߨͨ͠ σʔλར׆༻ݚम lσʔλΞΧσϛʔz

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  116. ਓʹʮ఻͑ΔʯͨΊͷσʔλՄࢹԽख๏Λֶͼ͍ͨํ΁ άϥϑΛͭ͘ΔલʹಡΉຊ IUUQTXXXBNB[PODPKQEQSFGDN@TX@S@U X@EQ@6@Y@+H;O%C1/1"9/  4BZPLP4IJNPZBNB -JOL%BUB 

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  118. ݸਓ৘ใͷѻ͍ʹ৺഑Λ͍࣋ͬͯΔํ΁ ݸਓ৘ใΛؚΉσʔλ׆༻ݕ౼ͷͨΊͷϫʔΫγʔτ  4BZPLP4IJNPZBNB -JOL%BUB  n૯຿লʮ஍ํެڞஂମʹ͓͚Δσʔλ ར׆༻ΨΠυϒοΫʯͷ෇࿥ͱͯ͠ެ։ ͞Ε͍ͯΔ nݸਓ৘ใΛؚΉσʔλ׆༻Λݕ౼͢Δࡍ

    ʹɺ࠷௿ݶ֬ೝ͢΂͖ࣄ߲Λ੔ཧ͢ΔͨΊ ͷϫʔΫγʔτ nઍ༿ࢢͱඣ࿏ࢢͰͷ࣮ূͷࡍͷݕ౼ྫΛ ܝࡌ IUUQXXXTPVNVHPKQNFOV@TFJTBLV JDUTFJTBLVJDUSJZPVCJHEBUBIUNM
  119. Ұൠࣾஂ๏ਓϦϯΫσʔλ ୅දཧࣄ Լࢁ ࣿ୅ࢠ Email: support@linkdata.org ຊࢿྉʹؔ͢Δ࣭͝໰ɾ͝ҙݟ΍ɺ σʔλ׆༻ݚमɾϫʔΫγϣοϓ։࠵ͷ͝૬ஊͳͲ͸ ͪ͜Β΁͓د͍ͤͩ͘͞ɻ 

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