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インフォメーション・アーキテクチャ(IA)の最前線(配布版)

5d639362659f497bd827ffcce6b6b529?s=47 Shoji Ohashi
November 12, 2019

 インフォメーション・アーキテクチャ(IA)の最前線(配布版)

OpenGLAM JAPAN
図書館総合展2019 ブース&フォーラム
「〈Open〉のための逗留地」講演資料(配布版)
「インフォメーション・アーキテクチャ(IA)の最前線」

デジタルに取り扱われる、あらゆる情報を利用者に寄り添った形で提示し、情報にまつわる課題解決を目指すのがIAです。IAの手法、社会思想、倫理などのテーマをシェアしながら、長尾真先生の「電子図書館」を皆さんと読み直します。

注:一部の引用元表記のない画像はPixtaから購入した画像を用いています。

5d639362659f497bd827ffcce6b6b529?s=128

Shoji Ohashi

November 12, 2019
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  1. ˟౦ژ౎෢ଂ໺ࢢதொ*(ຊࣾϏϧ'UFMɹ αΠϑΥϯ߹ಉձࣾ  ΠϯϑΥϝʔγϣϯɾΞʔΩςΫνϟͷ࠷લઢ 2019.11.12 *"໨ઢͰʮిࢠਤॻؗʯΛಡΈղ͘ʢ഑෍൛ࢿྉʣ

  2. ˟౦ژ౎෢ଂ໺ࢢதொ*(ຊࣾϏϧ'UFMɹ αΠϑΥϯ߹ಉձࣾ Information Architecture Information Architect *" ࢘ॻɾΞʔΩϏετ ։ൃ ӡ༻

    ऩू ੔ཧɾอଘ ະདྷ ෼ྨΛθϩ͔Β࡞Δ ΠϯλʔϑΣΠεΛߟ͑Δ φϏήʔγϣϯΛߟ͑Δ αʔϏεΛߟ͑Δ ʜ
  3. ˟౦ژ౎෢ଂ໺ࢢதொ*(ຊࣾϏϧ'UFMɹ αΠϑΥϯ߹ಉձࣾ தԝͷࣸਅ͸https://apple.com/jp/͔ΒɻFacebook Instagramͷ֤ը૾͸εΫϦʔϯγϣοτΛࡱӨɻ *"ͷ͠͝ͱ

  4. ˟౦ژ౎෢ଂ໺ࢢதொ*(ຊࣾϏϧ'UFMɹ αΠϑΥϯ߹ಉձࣾ Ontology Taxonomy Choreography Meaning Classification Sequencing Rules for

    interaction among the parts Arrangement of the Parts Particular meaning ҙຯɺຊ࣭ ഑ஔʢ੔ཧɾ෼ྨʣ ؔ܎෇͚ʢৼΔ·͍ʣ OTC Model (2009) Ontology - Taxonomy - Choreography Model by Dan Klyn in 2009 ˞೥ʹߋ৽͕ఏҊ͞Ε͕ͨɺ͜͜Ͱ͸چདྷͷϞσϧΛҾ༻ *"ͷ͠͝ͱ
  5. ˟౦ژ౎෢ଂ໺ࢢதொ*(ຊࣾϏϧ'UFMɹ αΠϑΥϯ߹ಉձࣾ Richard Saul Wurman https://the-talks.com/interview/richard-saul-wurman/

  6. ˟౦ژ౎෢ଂ໺ࢢதொ*(ຊࣾϏϧ'UFMɹ αΠϑΥϯ߹ಉձࣾ *"͸ɺ࠶ݱੑͷ͋Δٕज़Λ༻͍ͯ ৘ใͷ఻ୡίετΛԼ͛ɺ ਓʑͷӦΈΛΑΓྑ͘ϫʔΫͤ͞Δ ͋ΒΏΔ࢓ֻ͚Λͭ͘Δઐ໳తͳ৬ೳ Information Architecture IA ςΫωʔ

    a. the individual who organizes the patterns inherent in data, making the complex clear; b. a person who creates the structure or map of information which allows others to find their personal paths to knowledge; c. the emerging 21st century professional occupation addressing the needs of the age focused upon clarity, human understanding, and the science of the organization of information. Definition of Information Architect declared by Wurman http://journalofia.org/volume3/issue2/03-resmini/
  7. ˟౦ژ౎෢ଂ໺ࢢதொ*(ຊࣾϏϧ'UFMɹ αΠϑΥϯ߹ಉձࣾ ఻͑ΔͨΊʹ͸ ఻ΘΒͳ͚Ε͹ͳΒͳ͍ɻ

  8. ˟౦ژ౎෢ଂ໺ࢢதொ*(ຊࣾϏϧ'UFMɹ αΠϑΥϯ߹ಉձࣾ ؓ͞΍ ؠʹ͠ΈೖΔ ઊͷ੠ ͔ͣ͠ ͍Θ ͤΈ ͑͜ ͍

    ͜ͷആ۟͸୭ʹ఻ΘΓɺ୭ʹ఻ΘΒͳ͍ͩΖ͏͔ɻ
  9. ˟౦ژ౎෢ଂ໺ࢢதொ*(ຊࣾϏϧ'UFMɹ αΠϑΥϯ߹ಉձࣾ མઊ ઊര஄ʢηϛϑΝΠφϧʣ ͓ͪͥΈ ྆ํಉ͡΋ͷΛࢦ͕͢ɺ͔͠͠ಉ͡Ͱ͸ͳ͍ɻ ϥϕϧ࣍ୈͰҙຯ߹͍΋มΘͬͯ͠·͏ɻ

  10. ˟౦ژ౎෢ଂ໺ࢢதொ*(ຊࣾϏϧ'UFMɹ αΠϑΥϯ߹ಉձࣾ Object ղऍ߲ Concept or signified Interpretant Meaning created

    in mind ର৅ දҙମ Representamen Sign or signifier མઊ ࠓ೥ͷՆ΋ऴΘΔΜͩͳ͊ ໋ͱ͸ͳΜͱၪ͍΋ͷ͔ Ontology Particular meaning
  11. ˟౦ژ౎෢ଂ໺ࢢதொ*(ຊࣾϏϧ'UFMɹ αΠϑΥϯ߹ಉձࣾ ؍ޫ٬ʹͱͬͯϞϯγϩνϣ΢͸य़Λ͍ࣔͯͯ͠΋ ೶Ոʹͱͬͯ͸ҧ͏͔΋͠Εͳ͍ɻ

  12. ˟౦ژ౎෢ଂ໺ࢢதொ*(ຊࣾϏϧ'UFMɹ αΠϑΥϯ߹ಉձࣾ Taxonomy Classification

  13. ˟౦ژ౎෢ଂ໺ࢢதொ*(ຊࣾϏϧ'UFMɹ αΠϑΥϯ߹ಉձࣾ Taxonomy Classification https://www.coffeeattendant.com/2018/04/24/these-are-the-coffee-flavors-by-country/ ίʔώʔͷຯ΍ຯ֮ͷ෼ྨͷΑ͏ʹ ਓʑͷ೔ৗͷӦΈʹඥͮ͘৘ใͷ੔ཧ΋ ࢲͨͪ͸ߦ͏ɻ

  14. ˟౦ژ౎෢ଂ໺ࢢதொ*(ຊࣾϏϧ'UFMɹ αΠϑΥϯ߹ಉձࣾ Taxonomy Classification य़͔ΒେֶੜʹͳΔਓ ৽ڮͰಇ͘αϥϦʔϚϯ ೔ຊʹԿ౓΋དྷ͍ͯΔ؍ޫ٬ Richard Saul Wurman

    "Tokyo Access" (1984)
  15. ˟౦ژ౎෢ଂ໺ࢢதொ*(ຊࣾϏϧ'UFMɹ αΠϑΥϯ߹ಉձࣾ Choreography Rules for interaction among the parts Charles

    D’Orbigny’s Dictionnaire Universel d’Histore Naturelle ਓͱଞͷಈ෺ͷؒʹଘࡏ͢Δܾఆతͳҧ͍͸ɺԻ੠ɺ จࣈɺ਎ͿΓखͿΓΛ૊Έ߹Θͤͯ Ұݟ͢Δͱશؔ͘܎ͷͳ͍ه߸Λੜ੒͠ɺ ֓೦Λࣗ༝ʹ݁ͼ͚ͭͯʮݟཱͯΔʯ఺ʹ͋Δɻ
  16. ˟౦ژ౎෢ଂ໺ࢢதொ*(ຊࣾϏϧ'UFMɹ αΠϑΥϯ߹ಉձࣾ Choreography Rules for interaction among the parts ਓͱଞͷಈ෺ͷؒʹଘࡏ͢Δܾఆతͳҧ͍͸ɺԻ੠ɺ

    จࣈɺ਎ͿΓखͿΓΛ૊Έ߹Θͤͯ Ұݟ͢Δͱશؔ͘܎ͷͳ͍ه߸Λੜ੒͠ɺ ֓೦Λࣗ༝ʹ݁ͼ͚ͭͯʮݟཱͯΔʯ఺ʹ͋Δɻ https://apple.com/jp/
  17. ˟౦ژ౎෢ଂ໺ࢢதொ*(ຊࣾϏϧ'UFMɹ αΠϑΥϯ߹ಉձࣾ Bugelski, B. R., & Alampay, D. A., (1961).

    The role of frequency in developing perceptual sets. Canadian Journal of Psychology, 15, 205-211. Choreography Rules for interaction among the parts
  18. ˟౦ژ౎෢ଂ໺ࢢதொ*(ຊࣾϏϧ'UFMɹ αΠϑΥϯ߹ಉձࣾ 3,258 1.2K TechnoCode Vilém Flusser

  19. ˟౦ژ౎෢ଂ໺ࢢதொ*(ຊࣾϏϧ'UFMɹ αΠϑΥϯ߹ಉձࣾ ද૚తʹ͸ಉࣸ͡ਅͰ͋ͬͯ΋ ͦͷҙຯ͸αʔϏεʹΑͬͯҟͳΔ

  20. ˟౦ژ౎෢ଂ໺ࢢதொ*(ຊࣾϏϧ'UFMɹ αΠϑΥϯ߹ಉձࣾ Oldies ը૾͸Gizmodo, ” See How Three Famous Photographs

    Were Edited Before Photoshop Existed”, http://gizmodo.com/see-how-three- famous-photographs-were-edited-before-pho-1295302631 ͔Βɻݩͷهࣄ͸ɺMagnum and the Dying Art of Darkroom Printing, https://theliteratelens.com/2012/02/17/magnum-and-the-dying-art-of-darkroom-printing/ ʢ2017೥3݄5೔ࢀরʣ
  21. ˟౦ژ౎෢ଂ໺ࢢதொ*(ຊࣾϏϧ'UFMɹ αΠϑΥϯ߹ಉձࣾ Nowadays Adobe LightroomͷνϡʔτϦΞϧը໘ ΑΓࣗ༝ʹฤू͕Ͱ͖ɺσδλϧͷจ຺Λػೳ΁ͱ൓ө͍ͯ͠Δ

  22. ˟౦ژ౎෢ଂ໺ࢢதொ*(ຊࣾϏϧ'UFMɹ αΠϑΥϯ߹ಉձࣾ Nowadays ΞφϩάͳۭؒͰ΋*"͸࢓ࣄΛ͍ͯ͠Δ

  23. ˟౦ژ౎෢ଂ໺ࢢதொ*(ຊࣾϏϧ'UFMɹ αΠϑΥϯ߹ಉձࣾ Nowadays Ͳ͜ʹͰ΋σδλϧ͸͋Δ

  24. ˟౦ژ౎෢ଂ໺ࢢதொ*(ຊࣾϏϧ'UFMɹ αΠϑΥϯ߹ಉձࣾ Infosphere Luciano Floridi Real Virtual Analog Digital Interface

    ੲͷσδλϧͷΠϝʔδ
  25. ˟౦ژ౎෢ଂ໺ࢢதொ*(ຊࣾϏϧ'UFMɹ αΠϑΥϯ߹ಉձࣾ Interface? Real and Virtual ϑϩϦσΟͷ͍͏ʮ৘ใݍʯզʑ͸΋͸΍৘ใͷͳ͔Ͱ฻Β͍ͯ͠Δɻ

  26. ˟౦ژ౎෢ଂ໺ࢢதொ*(ຊࣾϏϧ'UFMɹ αΠϑΥϯ߹ಉձࣾ Cleaving Cut, paste and connect σδλϧٕज़͸ ͋ΒΏΔ΋ͷΛ੾Γ཭͠ ઀߹͢Δ

    Luciano Floridi
  27. ˟౦ژ౎෢ଂ໺ࢢதொ*(ຊࣾϏϧ'UFMɹ αΠϑΥϯ߹ಉձࣾ Cleaving Cut, paste and connect ిࢠਤॻؗ͸ ࣮ࡍͷ৔ॴʹ͍͔ͳͯ͘΋ ॻ੶͕ಡΊΔ

    Luciano Floridi ଘࡏͱ৔ॴ͕੾Γ཭͞Ε͍ͯΔ
  28. ˟౦ژ౎෢ଂ໺ࢢதொ*(ຊࣾϏϧ'UFMɹ αΠϑΥϯ߹ಉձࣾ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AmUC4m6w1wo Deep Fake ຊਓͱө૾্ͷ਎ମੑ͕੾Γ཭͞ΕΔࣄଶ

  29. ˟౦ژ౎෢ଂ໺ࢢதொ*(ຊࣾϏϧ'UFMɹ αΠϑΥϯ߹ಉձࣾ ୭΋࢓ֻ͚ͷશମ૾Λཧղ͍ͯ͠ͳ͍ ϒϥοΫϘοΫεԽͨ͠৘ใݍ https://www.netflix.com/jp/title/80117542

  30. ˟౦ژ౎෢ଂ໺ࢢதொ*(ຊࣾϏϧ'UFMɹ αΠϑΥϯ߹ಉձࣾ Point ·ͱΊ σδλϧ্Ͱల։͞ΕΔه߸͸ɺ ਓྨ্࢙࠷΋଎͍଎౓Ͱߋ৽͞Ε͍ͯͯɺ ͜Ε·Ͱͷৗ͕ࣝ௨༻͠ͳ͍$MFBWJOHΛՄೳʹ͍ͯ͠Δɻ σδλϧͷྖҬ͸ɺ΋͸΍৘ใݍͱ͍͏΂͖ ϨϕϧͰࢲͨͪΛ෴͍ͬͯΔɻ *OGPTQIFSF

    ͦΕΒͷٕज़͸ϒϥοΫϘοΫεʹͳ͓ͬͯΓɺ ઐ໳ՈͰ͢Βͦͷ࢓ֻ͚Λ෼ղ͢Δ͜ͱ͕೉͍͠ɻ
  31. ˟౦ژ౎෢ଂ໺ࢢதொ*(ຊࣾϏϧ'UFMɹ αΠϑΥϯ߹ಉձࣾ $MFBWJOHͷ࣌୅ɺ *OGPTQIFSFͷͳ͔Ͱ (-".Λ0QFOʹ͢Δͱ͸ ԿΛ͢Δ͜ͱͳͷ͔

  32. ˟౦ژ౎෢ଂ໺ࢢதொ*(ຊࣾϏϧ'UFMɹ αΠϑΥϯ߹ಉձࣾ GLAM Open? Infosphere

  33. ˟౦ژ౎෢ଂ໺ࢢதொ*(ຊࣾϏϧ'UFMɹ αΠϑΥϯ߹ಉձࣾ GLAM Anywhere Infosphere

  34. ˟౦ژ౎෢ଂ໺ࢢதொ*(ຊࣾϏϧ'UFMɹ αΠϑΥϯ߹ಉձࣾ GLAM Anywhere ༷ʑͳ৔ʹग़͍͖ͯɺ ϦΞϧͱσδλϧ͕༥߹ͨ͠ ੈքͰͷਓʑͷӦΈΛ ଟ໘తʹࢧԉ͢Δ͜ͱ ৘ใͷਅِʢ৴པੑʣͱ ຽؒͰ͸อূ͖͠Εͳ͍

    ৘ใͷଟ༷ੑΛ ܧଓతʹ୲อ͢Δ͜ͱ ଟ༷ͳҙݟΛ ҆શʹද໌͠ଓ͚Δ৔Λ อূ͢Δ͜ͱ
  35. ˟౦ژ౎෢ଂ໺ࢢதொ*(ຊࣾϏϧ'UFMɹ αΠϑΥϯ߹ಉձࣾ ത෺ؗ͸ɺաڈͱະདྷʹ͍ͭͯͷ൷൑తͳର࿩ͷͨΊͷɺຽओԽΛ ଅ͠ɺแઁతͰɺ༷ʑͳ੠ʹࣖΛ܏͚ΔۭؒͰ͋Δɻത෺ؗ͸ɺݱ ࡏͷฆ૪΍՝୊Λೝࣝͦ͠ΕΒΛରॲͭͭ͠ɺࣾձʹୗ͞Εͨਓྨ ͕ͭͬͨ͘෺΍ඪຊΛอ؅͠ɺະདྷͷੈ୅ͷͨΊʹଟ༷ͳهԱΛอ ޢ͢Δͱͱ΋ʹɺ͢΂ͯͷਓʑʹҨ࢈ʹର͢Δฏ౳ͳར༻Λอূ͢ Δɻത෺ؗ͸ɺӦརΛ໨తͱ͠ͳ͍ɻത෺ؗ͸ɺ։͔Εͨެ໌ਖ਼େ ͳଘࡏͰ͋Γɺਓؒͷଚݫͱࣾձਖ਼ٛɺੈքશମͷฏ౳ͱ஍ٿશମ ͷ޾෱ʹد༩͢Δ͜ͱΛ໨తͱͯ͠ɺଟ༷ͳڞಉମͱखΛܞ͑ͯऩ

    ूɺอ؅ɺݚڀɺղઆɺలࣔͷ׆ಈͳΒͼʹੈքʹ͍ͭͯͷཧղΛ ߴΊΔͨΊͷ׆ಈΛߦ͏ɻʢҊʣ ICOM: Definition of Museum https://bijutsutecho.com/magazine/news/headline/20458
  36. ˟౦ژ౎෢ଂ໺ࢢதொ*(ຊࣾϏϧ'UFMɹ αΠϑΥϯ߹ಉձࣾ https://twitter.com/chilime/status/ 1191383141799190528?s=20

  37. ˟౦ژ౎෢ଂ໺ࢢதொ*(ຊࣾϏϧ'UFMɹ αΠϑΥϯ߹ಉձࣾ σδλϧٕज़͸ ࣗવʹशಘͰ͖Δ΋ͷͰ͸ͳ͍͠ ສਓʹ༏͍͠Θ͚Ͱ΋ͳ͍͕ ͍·΍ੜଘݖʹؔΘΔ ࠷ޙ͸ਓ͕ΧΪΛѲΔ ࢘ॻ΍ֶܳһͷະདྷͷ໾ׂʹ΋ ͭͳ͕Δ͜ͱͰ͸ͳ͍ͩΖ͏͔

  38. ˟౦ژ౎෢ଂ໺ࢢதொ*(ຊࣾϏϧ'UFMɹ αΠϑΥϯ߹ಉձࣾ Thank You!