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Michigan Wolf Conflict Update 2015

Michigan Wolf Conflict Update 2015

Author: Brian Roell of the Michigan Department of Natural Resources. Presentation given at the 2015 Midwest Wolf Stewards Conference at Northland College. April 2015.

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  1. D.Beyer
    Michigan Wolf Conflict
    Update 2015
    Brian Roell
    Michigan Department of
    Natural Resources

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  2. A Common Theme When
    Investigating Livestock Depredation

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  3. Farm Density In Michigan
    > 900 Livestock farms
    > 2,100 Livestock farms
    ~ 1 farm/18 mi2
    ~ 1 farm/5 mi2

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  4. Public Act 487
    Michigan Department of Agriculture and Rural
    Development (MDARD) is the lead agency responsible
    for responding to claims of livestock depredation
    caused by wolves, coyotes and cougars.
    Reimbursements for missing animals are now
    possible if the depredation was caused by wolves.
    Affidavit for Depredation Compensation and EFT
    instructions.
    If the department fails to make the
    indemnification payment within a 45-day time
    period, the person is entitled to receive twice the
    amount of the original claim.

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  5. Wolf Depredation of Livestock
    1998-2014: 249 Livestock depredation events
    0
    5
    10
    15
    20
    25
    30
    35
    40
    45
    50
    Livestock Depredation Events
    Year

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  6. Year Cattle Sheep Goat Swine Chickens Ducks Turkeys Geese
    Game
    Birds Rabbits Cervids Totals
    1996 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
    1997 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
    1998 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3
    1999 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
    2000 2 1 0 0 7 1 0 0 0 0 0 11
    2001 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3
    2002 4 0 0 0 14 0 7 0 0 0 0 25
    2003 11 2 0 0 13 0 0 0 0 0 0 26
    2004 7 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 12
    2005 2 7 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 10
    2006 9 4 0 0 35 0 0 0 0 0 0 48
    2007 17 7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 24
    2008 13 0 0 0 0 12 0 38 40 12 0 115
    2009 11 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 14
    2010 58 7 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 66
    2011 47 7 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 55
    2012 52 11 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 64
    2013 11 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 13
    2014 26 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 26
    Totals 277 53 1 1 70 13 7 39 41 12 2 516
    Depredation on Livestock 1996-2014
    Total 516
    Cattle 277

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  7. Wolf Abundance and Number of Livestock
    Depredation Events in the Upper Peninsula
    of Michigan, 1996-2014
    y = 0.0468x - 6.2021
    R² = 0.5582
    0
    5
    10
    15
    20
    25
    30
    35
    40
    45
    50
    0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700
    Livestock depredation events
    Wolf abundance

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  8. INDEMNIFICATION
    Year MDA IWC Missing Total
    1998 $612.50 NA NA $612.50
    1999 $400.00 NA NA $400.00
    2000 $850.00 NA NA $850.00
    2001 $1,450.00 $750.00 NA $2,200.00
    2002 $3,081.00 $567.50 NA $3,648.50
    2003 $4,370.00 $350.00 NA $4,720.00
    2004 $4,575.00 $860.00 NA $5,435.00
    2005 $1,510.00 $380.00 NA $1,890.00
    2006 $1,765.00 $825.00 NA $2,590.00
    2007 $5,564.75 $1,095.00 NA $6,659.75
    2008 $7,264.90 $1,700.00 NA $8,964.90
    2009 $3,526.50 $1,170.00 NA $4,696.50
    2010 $20,026.50 $2,355.01 NA $22,381.51
    2011 $15,754.50 NA NA $15,754.50
    2012 $20,530.00 NA NA $20,530.00
    2013 $3,260.00 NA $1,550.00 $4,810.00
    2014 $17,916.66 NA $11,083.34 $29,000.00
    Totals $112,457.31 $10,052.51 $12,633.34 $135,143.16

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  9. Wolf Depredation of Dogs
    1996-2014: 72 Dog depredation events
    0
    2
    4
    6
    8
    10
    12
    14
    Dog Depredation Events
    Year

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  10. Wolf Depredation of Dogs 1996-2014
    • 82 dogs killed; 25
    injured
    • 73% (60) involved
    hounds (bear /
    rabbit)
    • No compensation
    • Annual losses vary
    • Management
    options focus on
    prevention
    0
    2
    4
    6
    8
    10
    12
    14
    16
    18
    Dog Depredations
    Year

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  11. Wolf Abundance and Number of Dog
    Depredation Events in the Upper Peninsula
    of Michigan, 1996-2014
    0
    2
    4
    6
    8
    10
    12
    14
    0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700
    Dog depredation events
    Wolf abundance

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  12. Number of wolf packs involved with depredation of livestock
    and dogs in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan, 1996-2014.
    In 2014, fourteen packs (11%) of the estimated number
    packs were known to have caused depredation.
    0
    2
    4
    6
    8
    10
    12
    Number of Wolf Packs
    Year
    Livestock
    Dogs

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  13. Michigan Department of Natural Resources
    Wildlife Division Procedure
    2012 - Permits were issued to 15 property owners and 11 wolves were
    killed.
    2013 – Permits were issued to 6 property owners and 6 wolves were
    killed.
    2014 - Permits were issued to 9 property owners and 0 wolves were
    killed.
    All permits were recalled after 12/19/14

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  14. Michigan's Wolf Livestock Demonstration
    Project Grant Program
    This grant has provided funding to 29 farms,
    which allowed for the placement of 31 donkeys
    and 17 fencing projects

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  15. 2010 – 2012 Livestock Depredation Events
    2013 Hunt Units

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  16. 2013 & 2014 Livestock Depredation Events
    2013 Hunt Units

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  17. Wolf Activity Reports
    62
    47
    100
    66
    72 74
    117
    92
    41
    53
    56
    0
    20
    40
    60
    80
    100
    120
    140
    2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
    Number of Reports
    Year

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  18. Wolf Control
    (not including harvest)
    Total 113
    73 Livestock
    30 Human Safety
    Year
    4d
    rule
    10a-
    1A
    Permit
    Human
    Safety,
    USFWS
    (50 CFR
    17.21)
    Federal
    Delisted
    State
    Threatened
    Human
    Safety
    after
    Federal
    Delisting
    Livestock
    State and
    Federal
    Delisted
    Dogs State
    and Federal
    Delisted
    PA
    290
    PA
    318
    Damage
    Control
    Permit
    Human
    Safety;
    State and
    Federal
    Delisted
    Research
    related Total
    2003 4 NA 0 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 0 4
    2004 5 NA 1 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 0 6
    2005 NA 2 4 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 0 6
    2006 NA 7 0 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 0 7
    2007 NA NA 3 14 1 NA NA NA NA NA NA 0 18
    2008 NA NA NA 8 1 NA NA NA NA NA NA 0 9
    2009 NA NA NA NA NA 1 NA NA NA NA 0 0 1
    2010 NA NA 5 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 0 5
    2011 NA NA 4 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 0 4
    2012 Delisted 1 0 6 0 11 8 0 26
    2013 Delisted 0 0 4 0 6 2 0 12
    2014 Delisted 0 8 4 1 0 1 1 15
    Total 9 9 17 22 2 2 8 14 1 17 11 1 113

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  19. 2014 Dog Depredation Events

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  20. 2013 & 2014 Dog Depredation Events

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  21. D.Beyer
    Questions?
    Brian Roell
    1990 US-41 South
    Marquette MI 49855
    906-228-6561

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