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Cloud is the New Black

Cloud is the New Black


Steve Teo

March 23, 2016

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  1. CLOUD IS THE NEW BLACK @stevepotayteo

  2. Before we begin, quiz time :)

  3. Qn: Which company accounts for 1/3 of North American internet

    traffic during evening peak hours?
  4. None
  5. Qn: Which Cloud Provider’s IaaS Cloud is 10x bigger than

    its next 14 competitors?
  6. None
  7. Qn: Which company spent 90% of its R&D budget on

    Cloud Strategy in 2011?
  8. None
  9. Let’s bring everyone up to speed with Cloud Computing 101

  10. According to NIST, Cloud Computing is a model for enabling

    ubiquitous, convenient, on-demand network access to a shared pool of configurable computing resources (e.g., networks, servers, storage, applications, and services) that can be rapidly provisioned and released with minimal management effort or service provider interaction. Source: http://nvlpubs.nist.gov/nistpubs/Legacy/SP/nistspecialpublication800-145.pdf
  11. 5 Defining Characteristics On Demand Self Service Broad Network Access

    Resource Pooling Rapid Elasticity Measured Service
  12. On Demand Self Service

  13. Broad Network Access

  14. Resource Pooling

  15. Rapid Elasticity

  16. Measured Service

  17. Service Models

  18. Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) Compute Network Storage

  19. Platform as a Service (PaaS)

  20. Software as a Service (SaaS)

  21. Using Cars as an Analogy Source: https://www.cloud53.co.uk/aas/

  22. Deployment Models

  23. 3 Common Models

  24. So when did this all start?

  25. 10 years, 10 days ago

  26. So how have we come along?

  27. None
  28. Figures & Trends

  29. Past & Projected Total Public Cloud Spending Source: https://acadgild.com/blog/sunny-forecast-for-cloud-career-job-opportunities-trends/

  30. Top 3 Enterprise IT Initiatives Source: https://acadgild.com/blog/sunny-forecast-for-cloud-career-job-opportunities-trends/

  31. Rightscale Cloud Survey Source: http://www.rightscale.com/blog/cloud-industry-insights/cloud-computing-trends-2016-state-cloud-survey

  32. Rightscale Cloud Survey Source: http://www.rightscale.com/blog/cloud-industry-insights/cloud-computing-trends-2016-state-cloud-survey

  33. Rightscale Cloud Survey Source: http://www.rightscale.com/blog/cloud-industry-insights/cloud-computing-trends-2016-state-cloud-survey

  34. Rightscale Cloud Survey Source: http://www.rightscale.com/blog/cloud-industry-insights/cloud-computing-trends-2016-state-cloud-survey

  35. Rightscale Cloud Survey Source: http://www.rightscale.com/blog/cloud-industry-insights/cloud-computing-trends-2016-state-cloud-survey

  36. Google Search Trends

  37. Enablement for Digital Disruption Source: https://www.cbinsights.com/blog/increasingly-crowded-unicorn-club/

  38. Enablement for Digital Disruption Source: http://www.digi-capital.com/news/2015/08/average-mobile-unicorn-now-worth-over-9-billion/

  39. Cloud Providers Certification Compliance • PCI DSS • HIPAA •

    IDA - MTCS • Ready for enterprise use
  40. Enterprises are starting to go all in Source: http://www.businessinsider.sg/netflix-intuit-juniper-go-all-in-on-amazon-cloud-2016-1/#.VvHNIRJ96NY “When

    the data center comes up for lease, what people are doing is looking at, ‘I could spend a big pile of money to refit it, or I could replace it with an AWS account’” - Adrian Cockcroft, former Netflix Cloud Architect
  41. The landscape is brutal

  42. None
  43. Gartner’s Magic Quadrant Source: Gartner, Magic Quadrant for Cloud Infrastructure

    as a Service, Worldwide (2015)
  44. Race to the bottom Source: http://www.businessinsider.sg/cloud-computing-price-war-in-one-chart-2015-1/?r=US&IR=T#.VvCsvhJ96PQ

  45. Brave heroes have fallen Source: http://www.businessinsider.sg/hp-shutting-down-hp-helion-public-cloud-2015-10/?r=US&IR=T#.VvFDwRJ972Q

  46. New usurpers lay claim Source: http://techcrunch.com/2015/08/18/alibabas-cloud-computing-business-will-open-its-international-headquarters-in-singapore/

  47. New usurpers lay claim Source: http://techcrunch.com/2016/03/21/godaddy-debuts-aws-style-servers-and-apps-to-build-test-and-scale-cloud-services/

  48. Datacenter Industry is left out of the cut Do check

    out Source: http://www.businessinsider.sg/werner-vogels-amazon-builds-it-own-tech-2016-3/
  49. Huge & Vibrant Eco-System

  50. Technology Partners Bandwagon • Independent software vendors (ISVs) • SaaS

    & PaaS • Developer tools • Management and Security Vendors
  51. Consulting Partners Bandwagon • Managed Service Providers (MSPs) • System

    Integrators (SIs) • Strategic Consultancies • Agencies & Resellers
  52. AWS Marketplace Visualisation Source: https://www.cloudendure.com/blog/aws-marketplace-game-of-clouds/

  53. Rise of Cloud Management Platforms • Enterprise-focused • Deploy workloads

    to multi, hybrid clouds • Policy-driven • Cloud-agnostic • Various levels of orchestration • Billing, Governance, Audit, Logs
  54. There are huge shifts in software development

  55. Waterfall -> Agile • The technology should meet the demands

    of the software development cycle Reference: http://www.rightscale.com/blog/cloud-industry-insights/cloud-computing- trends-2016-state-cloud-survey
  56. Dev / Ops -> DevOps • Breakdown between traditional Dev

    / Ops • Increased collaboration • Cultural Transformation • Deep Automation • CI / CD • Increased Business Agility Reference: http://www.rightscale.com/blog/cloud-industry-insights/cloud-computing- trends-2016-state-cloud-survey
  57. IT Ops -> Cloud Ops • Need to grok provider-specific

    cloud concepts, leverage them & be aware of the pitfalls • Huge increase in scale and complexities • Shift in Day 1 & Day 2 away from traditional tools or processes • Cost Visualisation & Optimisation
  58. Legacy -> Cloud-Native Apps • Mobile oriented • API-first design

    • Auto-scaling by default • Fault-tolerant by default • Support immutable infrastructure
  59. Containers / Microservices • Physical / VMs to Containers •

    Monoliths to Microservices • Increased deployments, significant
 inter-dependencies • PaaS promises to simplify complexity
  60. Serverless Computing Source: http://techcrunch.com/2015/11/24/aws-lamda-makes-serverless-applications-a-reality/

  61. Internet of Things • Huge swarms of devices to come

    online • Stress on storage, network, compute
 scalability • IPv6 • Big data and Analytics
  62. Developers • Flexibility is good, mindsets are shifting towards the

    cloud • Traditional companies are not attractive in developers’ eyes, as they want to work in a company which is relevant in the new age • IT are increasingly seen as equal partners with business and opinions are duly considered Good Read: http://talkincloud.com/cloud-computing-research/why-are-developers-considering-cloud
  63. Job landscape is changing

  64. Job Trends Source: https://acadgild.com/blog/sunny-forecast-for-cloud-career-job-opportunities-trends/

  65. Hot Job Roles for 2016 Source: http://www.infoworld.com/article/3011916/it-jobs/3-hottest-cloud-job-skills-for-2016.html • Container Developers

    and Architects • Cloud Data Scientists • Cloud-Based Devops Experts Other Reference: https://acadgild.com/blog/sunny-forecast-for-cloud-career-job-opportunities-trends/
  66. Top Countries for Cloud Computing Source: https://acadgild.com/blog/sunny-forecast-for-cloud-career-job-opportunities-trends/ • China –

    7.5 Million jobs • USA – 4 Million jobs • India – 2.2 Million jobs
  67. What I can see on the horizon • Cloud Security

    Experts • Cloud Gov, Compliance and Audit Experts • Cloud TCO Optimisation Experts
  68. Cloud Certifications • Provider specific in general • AWS, Azure,

    VMWare, Others • Security - CompTia & ISC CISP • Certifications can differentiate and are lucrative.
 However, relevant real-world experience is still preferred Source: http://www.stormwind.com/blog/4-big-money-certifications-no-one-talking-about Source: http://www.tomsitpro.com/articles/cloud-it-certifications,2-537.html
  69. Cloud Skills Shortage Source: http://www.cmswire.com/cms/information-management/tackling-the-cloud-skills-shortage-027750.php

  70. Cloud Education in the Academia

  71. Top 5 Cloud Barriers to Cloud Adoption

  72. Lack of Resource / Expertise • The demand still far

    outstrips supply for skilled
 cloud professionals => Re-training of IT Professionals
 might be an option. • Need to establish cloud competency centers
 to derive best practice and standards. • Gaining Cloud Architects and establishing 
 DevOps teams should be a key priority • Avoid silos & re-align business efforts
  73. Security & Privacy • Where is the data center? Can

    I trust you? • Data at rest, in transit • Enterprises needs a better understanding of the shared
 security responsibilities model • Off-load non-mission critical workloads to
 Public Cloud while keeping mission critical workloads
 in Private Cloud? • How do you manage identity and authorisation
 of SaaS apps? Identity as a Service (IDaaS)?
  74. Service Quality • Public Cloud Provider SLAs might not meet

    enterprise standards. • Enterprise Support options might not meet requirements. Custom agreements must be negotiated • Not able to control those standards • Not able to off-load risk sufficiently for concern
  75. Audit, Regulatory & Compliance • Lack of understanding of the

    cloud • Traditional compliance needs to be re-looked • Regulatory concerns & unwillingness, 
 see-first approach
  76. Managing Multiple Cloud Services • Significant differences between providers

    models, pros/cons • Thus CTOs might not have formulated strategies • Spread risk by going hybrid, multiple
 clouds. Avoid vendor lock-in • Different breed of existing tools, know hows 
 and the tools to manage • Cloud Management Platforms / PaaS perhaps?
  77. Q & A Session

  78. Thank you for listening! @stevepotayteo