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Educational Policy - What role can GIS play?

Educational Policy - What role can GIS play?

Joanna Sanchez, Educational Policy Researcher at Howard University

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  1. Joanna D. Sánchez, Ph.D.
    Postdoctoral Research Associate
    Howard University
    EDUCATIONAL
    What role can GIS play?

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  2. Educational
    Leadership and Policy
    Jennifer Holme
    Huriya Jabbar
    Terrance Green
    Geography of
    Opportunity
    School Choice,
    Competition
    School
    Desegregation
    School
    Finance

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  3. A picture is worth 1,000 words…
    •  A need to recognize the past, to best understand the present
    •  We tend to label – good/bad, “A” school, “C” school, etc.
    •  There can be struggling schools within a “good” district and vice
    versa
    •  Need context, need to look deeper
    • Poverty, housing, race, impact educational outcomes

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  4. Economic segregation matters because WHERE
    you live affects so much in life — your access to
    transportation, employment opportunities, decent health care,
    and, most important, good schools.
    Recent articles in newspapers:
    The Walls We Won’t Tear Down (Aug. 3, 2017)
    How Redlining’s Racist Effects Lasted for Decades (Aug. 24, 2017)
    The Challenge of Educational Inequality (May 19, 2016)

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  5. Schools are
    mostly
    funded by
    property

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  6. Educational Levels and Key Players
    •  K-12 (public schools,
    charters, private,
    voucher)
    •  Higher Ed
    (community college,
    4-year, online)
    Federal
    State
    (Texas Education
    Agency, state
    policymakers)
    Local
    (school district, city)
    (U.S. Dept. of Education,
    Census, Lawmakers)

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  7. What data is necessary?
    •  Census Demographics (across time)
    •  Street Network
    •  School Locations
    •  School District Boundaries
    •  School Attendance Zones
    •  Residential Housing (Multi-Family, Single-Family, etc.)
    •  School data
    •  Teacher data TEA data, local data

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  8. Communities and School Ratings:
    Examining Geography of Opportunity in an Urban School District
    Located in a Resource-Rich City

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  9. Spatial distribution of HSs
    rated
    high-quality to
    Latino/a neighborhoods
    Distance to high
    school
    rated high-quality
    and
    charter high schools

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  10. Getting from Here to There:
    The Role of Geography in Community College Students’ Transfer
    Decisions

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  11. Places of Inequality, Places of Possibility:
    Mapping “Opportunity in Geography” Across Urban School-Communities

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  12. Poverty rates in Michigan by census tract African American population in Michigan by census tract
    Neighborhood assets within each zip code

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  13. Regional Equity as an Educational Policy Goal:
    Tackling the Root Cause of Educational “Failure”

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  14. Percent Poverty in Milwaukee per Census Tract 1970 Percent Poverty in Milwaukee per Census Tract 2012

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  15. • Hot Spot Analysis (school closures, charter openings)
    • Implica+ons of voucher policy in DC
    • Implica+ons of gentrifica6on on educa+onal access

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  16. Thank you!
    Contact info: [email protected]
    S

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