Upgrade to Pro — share decks privately, control downloads, hide ads and more …

The Cloud-Native Solution of Integrate Satellite Ground Station System and Telecommunication Network System

蔡秀吉
October 17, 2023

The Cloud-Native Solution of Integrate Satellite Ground Station System and Telecommunication Network System

基於雲原生之 SDR Platform地面站和O-RAN基站整合應用於NTN 通訊
以全雲原生來重新定義衛星地面站,實現地面站和電信基地台即服務

Cloud-Native Ground Station interface with Cloud RAN

#difi #kubernetes #leo #ntn #o-ran #oran #satellite #space #telecom #thc1006 #telecommunications

蔡秀吉

October 17, 2023
Tweet

More Decks by 蔡秀吉

Other Decks in Research

Transcript

  1. The Cloud-Native Solution of
    Integrate Satellite Ground Station System and
    Telecommunication Network System
    National Yang Ming Chiao Tung University
    Arete Honors Program Students

    View full-size slide

  2. The Design of Traditional Satellite Ground Station
    RF
    equipment
    Baseband
    equipment
    Signal
    Processing
    equipment
    K band
    Antenna
    RF
    equipment
    Baseband
    equipment
    Signal
    Processing
    equipment
    C band
    Antenna
    Connect to
    MOCC
    Connect to
    MOCC
    Customize each ground station system
    for each different frequency band
    Proprietary
    waveform

    View full-size slide

  3. Communication
    Antenna
    Communication
    Antenna
    CoTS USRP
    Including component:
    • Converter
    • Modem (A/D, D/A)
    • Digitalizer
    Signal
    processing
    Equipment
    Ethernet
    Tracking
    Antenna
    Tracking
    Antenna
    In communication
    Nearby satellites
    IP
    Currently is Impossible to Smoothly Interface
    with Ground Telecom Networks
    (Still Need a Network Devices “Gateway”)
    Wi-Fi Router
    Wi-Fi Router
    5G Base Station
    5G Base Station
    Gateway
    Cannot Smoothly Interface with Ground Telecom Networks

    View full-size slide

  4. Solutions of Reduce Satellite Ground Station Development
    Because the development cost of customizing each ground station system for
    each different Satellite band is too high.
    Therefore, various ground station solutions have been designed one after
    another.

    View full-size slide

  5. Hardware-based satellite ground operations architecture
    Source: A Software-Defined Baseband for Satellite Ground Operations

    View full-size slide

  6. SDR-based satellite ground operations architecture
    Source: A Software-Defined Baseband for Satellite Ground Operations

    View full-size slide

  7. Source: A Software-Defined Baseband for Satellite Ground Operations
    The signal processing part of the SDR-based Ground operations architecture
    can use a more powerful GPP or a VM/Private cloud of GPPs to realize a full
    software-defined TT&C ground station.
    SDR-based Satellite Ground Operations Architecture

    View full-size slide

  8. Source: A Software-Defined Baseband for Satellite Ground Operations
    The most advanced solution for the “Signal Processing Component” part of
    SDR-based satellite ground stations currently uses VNF.
    SDR-based Satellite Ground Operations Architecture
    Signal Processing Component
    However, Cloud-Native Architecture has become a Future Trend.

    View full-size slide

  9. O-RAN NF is Moving from Physical to Virtual
    And Moving Toward Cloud-Native!
    O-RAN High Level Architecture
    Ground Telecom Network (O-RAN)
    also Moving Toward to Cloud-Native
    In the red box is NF; Network Function
    Source: O-RAN.WG6.O2-GA&P-R003-v04.00

    View full-size slide

  10. Cloud Stack (Containers/VMs, OS, Mgmt.)
    O-DU
    RIC O-CU
    AAL AAL
    O-Cloud
    O-Cloud Physical Infra Node
    FPGA
    x86 ASIC GPU
    O-RAN O-Cloud
    Support Deployment with Container NF
    O-Cloud provides NFs basic management services

    View full-size slide

  11. Ground Station
    (SDR Platform)
    5G Base Station
    (Open RAN)
    API
    Physical NF -> Container NF
    “OAM Cost” & “Space Occupied”
    Cloud-Native Reduce
    Smooth Connection via Open API

    View full-size slide

  12. Cloud
    Platform
    Reimagining Ground Station
    with Cloud-Native
    Ground Station & 5G Station As a Service

    View full-size slide

  13. ETE/ Service Orchestration System (ONAP)
    Reimagining the Use of Cloud-Native to
    Integrate Ground station System and Telecom Networks
    Cloud Infrastructure Cloud Infrastructure
    CNF CNF CNF
    CNF
    Private Cloud (O-RAN)
    CNF CNF CNF
    CNF
    Private Cloud(SDR) for signal processing
    Transport
    Network
    K8s API
    K8s API K8s API
    K8s API
    K8s operator K8s operator
    Nephio Automation Layer

    View full-size slide