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GSCC2016_UrbanInformaticsSeminar

 GSCC2016_UrbanInformaticsSeminar

Toshikazu SETO

June 28, 2016
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  1. 2016/06/28 Urban  Informatics  Seminar  @  GSCC 1
    ஍Ҭ՝୊ͷղܾʹ޲͚ͨ
    Φʔϓϯͳ஍ཧۭؒ৘ใͷ׆༻ͱ
    γϏοΫςοΫͷઌਐಈ޲
    5PTIJLB[V4FUP
    1SPKFDU-FDUVSFS
    $FOUFSGPS4QBUJBM*OGPSNBUJPO4DJFODF

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  2. 2016/06/28 Urban  Informatics  Seminar  @  GSCC 2
    Overview  My  Research https://researchmap.jp/tosseto/
    • Research  Topics: Participatory  GIS  (PGIS)  and  
    Volunteered  Geographic  Information (VGI)
    – Keyword:  PPGIS(public  participation  GIS),  
    Neocartography (=GeoWebtechnology),
    Open  Data,  Crisis  Mapping  
    • Social  Activities:   Supporting  OpenGIS Communities
    – OSGeo Foundation  CharterMember
    – OpenStreetMap Foundation  Japan  SteeringCommittee
    – Delegate  member  of  GIS  Association  of  Japan

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  3. 2016/06/28 Urban  Informatics  Seminar  @  GSCC 3
    Center  for  Spatial  Information  Science
    Since  1998
    3
    Missions,  Aims:
    • Creating,  Developing,  and  Spreading  Spatial  Information
    • Developing Spatial  Databases  for  Research  Purposes
    • Promoting Joint  Industry-­‐Government-­‐University  Research
    Sources:  http://www.csis.u-­‐tokyo.ac.jp/english/introduction.html

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  4. 2016/06/28 Urban  Informatics  Seminar  @  GSCC 4
    Recent  Activities
    Humanitarian  Information  Response  x  GeoWeb
    for  Kumamoto  Earthquake

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  5. 2016/06/28 Urban  Informatics  Seminar  @  GSCC 5
    The  Estimation  for  Human  Congestion  
    on  The  2016  Kumamoto  Earthquake  (4.15-­‐17  Ave./Daily  Ave.)
    ●:ZDC社提供「全国避難所データベース」(2015年3月)
    ★:Youth  Action  for  Kumamoto避難所データ(2016年4月28日版)
    メッシュ図:「混雑統計®」©ZENRIN  DataComCO.,  LTD.
    背景図:  ©OpenStreetMapcontributors
    Ratio  (%)
    Source:  http://bit.ly/28ZGE7a

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  6. 2016/06/28 Urban  Informatics  Seminar  @  GSCC 6
    ←Daily: 380  peoples
    4/15: 350  peoples
    4/16: 2360 peoples
    4/17: 1420  peoples
    ←Daily:310 peoples
    4/15:600  peoples
    4/16:820  peoples
    4/17:1420peoples
    ●:ZDC社提供「全国避難所データベース」(2015年3月)
    ★:Youth  Action  for  Kumamoto避難所データ(2016年4月28日版)
    背景写真:国土地理院・平成28年熊本地震・熊本地区 正射画像(2016年4月16日撮影)
    メッシュ図:「混雑統計®」©ZENRIN  DataComCO.,  LTD.
    The  Estimation  for  Human  Congestion  
    on  The  2016  Kumamoto  Earthquake  @  Mashiki Town

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  7. 2016/06/28 Urban  Informatics  Seminar  @  GSCC 7
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    The  Transition  of  Human  Congestion  (per  1  hour)
    4/14  21:26
    M6.5
    4/16  01:25
    M7.3
    Grandmesse Kumamoto
    4/14  21:26
    M6.5
    4/16  01:25
    M7.3
    Hiroyasu  Elementary  School
    グラフ:「混雑統計®」©ZENRIN  DataComCO.,  LTD.

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  8. 2016/06/28 Urban  Informatics  Seminar  @  GSCC 8
    Contents
    • Research  Background
    • The  Concepts  of
    – Open  Data
    – Open  Government
    – Civic  Tech
    • Open  Data  and  Civic  Tech  Situation  in  Japan
    • Conclusions

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  9. 2016/06/28 Urban  Informatics  Seminar  @  GSCC 9
    Research  Background

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  10. 2016/06/28 Urban  Informatics  Seminar  @  GSCC 10
    (Craig  et  al.,  2002)
    • Participatory  GIS  (PGIS)  was  
    one  of  the  more  substantive  
    methodological  and  political  
    themes  to  arise  out  of  the  
    “GIS  and  Society”  research.
    (e.g.  Environmental  Decision  making).
    • PGIS  is  meant  to  bring  the  
    academic  practices  of  GIS  and  
    mapping  to  the  local  level  in  
    order  to  promote  knowledge  
    production.  
    1990s〜 (Public)  Participatory  GIS:  PGIS
    Sieber,  2006;  Weiner  et  al.,  2007

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  11. 2016/06/28 Urban  Informatics  Seminar  @  GSCC 11
    GIS  and  Society  (2011)
    • 1.  Foundations  of  GIS  and  
    Society  Research
    • 2.  GIS  and  Modern  Life
    • 3.  Alternative  Representations  in  
    GIS  and  Society
    • 4.  GIS  in  Organizations  and  
    Institutions
    • 5.  GIS  in  Public  Participation  and  
    Community  Development
    • 6.  Value,  Fairness  and  Privacy  in  
    a  GIS  Context

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  12. 2016/06/28 Urban  Informatics  Seminar  @  GSCC 12
    • Neogeography combines  the  
    complex  techniques  of  
    cartography  and  GIS  and  places  
    them  within  reach  of  users  and  
    developers.
    • Neogeography is  about  sharing  
    location  informationwith  friends  
    and  visitors,  helping  to  shape  
    contexts,  and  conveying  an  
    understanding  through  the  
    knowledge  of  place.
    • Andrew  Turner  (2006):  
    『Introduction  to  Neogeography』
    Neogeography

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  13. 2016/06/28 Urban  Informatics  Seminar  @  GSCC 13
    Volunteered  Geographic  Information
    • Citizens  are  using  handheld  devices  to  collect  geographic  
    information  and  contribute  it  to  crowd-­‐sourced  data  sets
    • These  citizens  are  largely  untrained;  their  actions  are  
    almost  always  voluntary,  and  their  results  may  or  may  
    not  be  accurate.    → need  to  education  &  citizens  science
    • Mostly  open  licensed  large  and  global  datasets

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  14. 2016/06/28 Urban  Informatics  Seminar  @  GSCC 14
    OpenStreetMap:  Citizens  as  Sensors
    14
    Source: http://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/Stats

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  15. 2016/06/28 Urban  Informatics  Seminar  @  GSCC 15
    Source:  http://resultmaps.neis-­‐one.org/oooc

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  16. 2016/06/28 Urban  Informatics  Seminar  @  GSCC 16
    • Citizen  science  is  
    scientific  research  
    conducted,  in  whole  or  in  
    part,  by  amateur  or  
    nonprofessional  
    scientists.
    • Sometimes,  participatory  
    monitoring  and  
    participatory  action  
    research.
    • cf.  Participatory  Sensing
    Source:    http://www.nature.com/news/2010/100804/pdf/466685a.pdf
    Citizen  Science  (Irwin,1995)

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  17. 2016/06/28 Urban  Informatics  Seminar  @  GSCC 17
    Source:  https://www.ted.com/talks/tim_berners_lee_the_year_open_data_went_worldwide

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  18. 2016/06/28 Urban  Informatics  Seminar  @  GSCC 18
    Concepts  of  Open  Data,  Open  
    Government  and  Civic  Tech  

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  19. 2016/06/28 Urban  Informatics  Seminar  @  GSCC 19
    19/21
    “Open  means  anyone can  freely  access,  use,  modify,  and  
    share for  any  purpose (subject,  at  most,  to  requirements  that  
    preserve  provenance  and  openness).”  
    by  opendefinition.org
    ■Open  government  → Open  Inovation !
    Government  as  a  Platform
    プラットフォームとしての政府
    (O'Reilly,  2009)

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  20. 2016/06/28 Urban  Informatics  Seminar  @  GSCC 20
    2009〜:  Government  as  Platform  (O’Reiily,  2009)

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  21. 2016/06/28 Urban  Informatics  Seminar  @  GSCC 21
    The  Definitions  of  Open  Data  for  Public  Sector

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  22. 2016/06/28 Urban  Informatics  Seminar  @  GSCC 22
    G8 Open Data Charter 2013.6.18→ High Value Data is Geospatial !
    Source:
    https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/open-­‐data-­‐charter/g8-­‐open-­‐data-­‐charter-­‐and-­‐technical-­‐annex
    http://www.mofa.go.jp/mofaj/gaiko/page4_000099.html
    22/21

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  23. 2016/06/28 Urban  Informatics  Seminar  @  GSCC 23
    Global  Open  Data  Index  2015 http://2015.index.okfn.org/place/
    This  census  data  is  available  to
    use  public  domain.

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  24. 2016/06/28 Urban  Informatics  Seminar  @  GSCC 24
    Evaluation  Score
    15  Key  Datasets  Availability  and    9  Methods
    • statistics National  Statistics
    • budget Government  Budget
    • legislation Legislation
    • procurement Procurement  tenders  
    • elections Election  Results
    • map National  Map
    • weather Weather  forecast
    • emissions Pollutant  Emissions
    • companies Company  Register
    • postcodes Location  datasets
    • water Water  Quality
    • land Land  Ownership
    • spending Government  Spending
    • timetables Transport  Timetables
    • health Health  performance
    ×

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  25. 2016/06/28 Urban  Informatics  Seminar  @  GSCC 25
    Sources:  http://index.okfn.org/place/japan/

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  26. 2016/06/28 Urban  Informatics  Seminar  @  GSCC 26
    Source:  http://bit.ly/1qET2Ss

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  27. 2016/06/28 Urban  Informatics  Seminar  @  GSCC 27
    Source:  http://bit.ly/1MOwhpC
    National  Map

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  28. 2016/06/28 Urban  Informatics  Seminar  @  GSCC 28
    Source:  http://bit.ly/1MOwhpC
    Postcode  Data

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  29. 2016/06/28 Urban  Informatics  Seminar  @  GSCC 29
    Taiwan:Data  Portal  &  Provide  API(M2M)
    cf.  Real-­‐estate  transaction
    Source:  http://data.gov.tw/

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  30. 2016/06/28 Urban  Informatics  Seminar  @  GSCC 30
    Singapore:Dashboard  and  Real  Time-­‐API
    Source:  https://data.gov.sg/

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  31. 2016/06/28 Urban  Informatics  Seminar  @  GSCC 31

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  32. 2016/06/28 Urban  Informatics  Seminar  @  GSCC 32
    Increased  Citizen  Engagement  and  Development

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  33. 2016/06/28 Urban  Informatics  Seminar  @  GSCC 33
    Concepts  of  Open  Data,  Open  
    Government  and  Civic  Tech  

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  34. 2016/06/28 Urban  Informatics  Seminar  @  GSCC 34
    ࢢຽͷ࣏ࣗͱ
    ΦʔϓϯͳςΫϊϩδʔɾσʔλΛ௨ͯ͡
    ஍Ҭ՝୊΍ࣾձ՝୊ͷղܾΛ໨ࢦ͢
    Knight  Foundation  (2013):  The  Emergence  of  Civic  Tech:  Investments  in  a  Growing  Field

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  35. 2016/06/28 Urban  Informatics  Seminar  @  GSCC 35
    Source:  http://www.codeforamerica.org/

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  36. 2016/06/28 Urban  Informatics  Seminar  @  GSCC 36
    Source:  https://www.codeforamerica.org/brigade/

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  37. 2016/06/28 Urban  Informatics  Seminar  @  GSCC 37
    Civic  Tech(nology):  civic  engagement  to  participate  in  
    public  good  development  using  open  source  technologies  
    37
    https://www.flickr.com/photos/91210421@N03/161
    46831300/
    https://www.flickr.com/photos/91210421@N03/161
    46629878/

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  38. 2016/06/28 Urban  Informatics  Seminar  @  GSCC 38
    Chicago  (Open)  Data  Portal(Since  2010.06)
    38
    Source:  https://data.cityofchicago.org/

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  39. 2016/06/28 Urban  Informatics  Seminar  @  GSCC 39
    Download  Datasets  more  than  5,000  times
    39
    144301
    82150
    36131
    34265
    29117
    27576
    26986
    25420
    24336
    24320
    18887
    16981
    15714
    15556
    15083
    13012
    12885
    12309
    12303
    11948
    10331
    10121
    9436
    8955
    8360
    8232
    7153
    6636
    6592
    6509
    5761
    5542
    5345
    5335
    5274
    5161
    5093
    0 20000 40000 60000 80000 100000 120000 140000 160000
    Crimes12 20011to1present
    Business1Licenses
    Current1 Employee1Names,1Salaries,1and1Position1 Titles
    Crimes12 One1year1prior1 to1present
    FOIA1Request1Log12 Business1Affairs1&1Consumer1 Protection
    FOIA1Request1Log12 Police
    Boundaries1 2 Neighborhoods
    CDPH1Storage1Tanks
    3111Service1Requests12 Graffiti1 Removal
    3111Service1Requests12 Sanitation1 Code1Complaints
    Public1 Chauffeurs
    Business1Licenses12 Current1 Active
    CDPH1Environmental1 Complaints
    Towed1Vehicles
    Boundaries1 2 City12 Outdated1Format
    Boundaries1 2 Community1Areas1(current)
    Major1Streets
    CDPH1Asbestos1and1Demolition1 Notification
    FOIA1Request1Log12 Procurement1 Services
    Crime  and  traffic  
    accident  are
    most  important  
    local  issues

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  40. 2016/06/28 Urban  Informatics  Seminar  @  GSCC 40
    Crime  in  Chicago
    Source:  http://www.crimeinchicago.org/

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  41. 2016/06/28 Urban  Informatics  Seminar  @  GSCC 41
    Data  Challenge  for  Chicago’s  
    Share  Bikes  Trip  Data

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  42. 2016/06/28 Urban  Informatics  Seminar  @  GSCC 42
    The  300  Bike  Stations  in  Chicago  city
    42

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  43. 2016/06/28 Urban  Informatics  Seminar  @  GSCC 43
    Source:  http://www.codeforamerica.org/

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  44. 2016/06/28 Urban  Informatics  Seminar  @  GSCC 44
    Source:  https://github.com/codeforamerica

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  45. 2016/06/28 Urban  Informatics  Seminar  @  GSCC 45
    0
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    120
    140
    0
    20
    40
    60
    80
    100
    120
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    180
    200
    adopt,a,hydrant
    codeforamerica.org
    click_that_hood
    ohana,api
    honolulu_answers
    codeofconduct
    brigade
    bizfriendly,web
    ohana,web,search
    annual
    citygram
    CutePets
    cfapi
    streetmix
    beyondtransparency
    recordtrac
    cityvoice
    opencounter
    follow,all
    trailsy
    srtracker
    adopt,a,siren
    city,analytics,dashboard
    public_art_finder
    CutePetsDenver
    balance
    cfa_coder_sounds
    textizen
    councilmatic
    howto
    congress
    open311dashboard
    promptly
    oakland_answers
    brigade,alpha
    civic,tech,patterns
    naics,api
    cfawp2012
    blightstatus
    Transit,Map,in,TileMill
    trailsyserver
    somerville,teacher,tool
    office,screen
    OpenReferral
    transpochoices
    open311
    straymapper
    OpenTrails
    wheresmyschoolbus
    prepared.ly
    three
    civic,issue,finder
    skillshares
    denver,schedules
    US,Census,Area,API
    hello,dog
    cfa,orgchart
    Forks
    Issues
    CfA Provide  CivicTech Applications:Total  575  Applications

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  46. 2016/06/28 Urban  Informatics  Seminar  @  GSCC 46
    Adapt-­‐a-­‐Hydrant  (fork  193)
    Source:  http://adopt-­‐a-­‐hydrant.herokuapp.com/

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  47. 2016/06/28 Urban  Informatics  Seminar  @  GSCC 47
    Streetmix(fork  44)
    Source:  http://streetmix.net/

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  48. 2016/06/28 Urban  Informatics  Seminar  @  GSCC 48
    Source:  http://www.discoverbps.org/schools/compare
    Discover  BPS  (Boston  Public  School)

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  49. 2016/06/28 Urban  Informatics  Seminar  @  GSCC 49
    Transitmix →Launched  Venture  Company  
    Source:  http://getremix.com/#platform
    https://www.codeforamerica.org/blog/2014/07/07/transitmix-­‐design-­‐your-­‐perfect-­‐bus-­‐system/

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  50. 2016/06/28 Urban  Informatics  Seminar  @  GSCC 50
    Open  Data  and  Civic  Tech  
    Situation  in  Japan

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  51. 2016/06/28 Urban  Informatics  Seminar  @  GSCC 51
    ■ Prefecture  (x>50k  pop.) :21/47(44.7%)
    ◆ Ordinance  Cities  (x>50k  pop.) :14/20(70.0%)
    ◆ Core  Cities  (x>30k  pop.)   :15/45 (33.3%)
    ◆ Other  Cities  (x<30k  pop.)   :  113/1,653(6.8%)
    163 Local  Governments
    Datasets:18,245
    (Counted  up  to  August,  2015)

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  52. 2016/06/28 Urban  Informatics  Seminar  @  GSCC 52

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  53. 2016/06/28 Urban  Informatics  Seminar  @  GSCC 53
    Launched  Data.go.jp
    The  Strategy  Plan
    For  e-­‐goverenment G8  OpenDataCharter
    Sabae
    Shizuoka  Pref.
    Kanazawa
    Yokohama
    Chiba
    Shizuoka  City
    Datasets:18,245
    (Counted  up  to  August,  2015)
    Prefecture
    Ordnance  Cities
    Core  Cities
    Other  Cities
    Borough

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  54. 2016/06/28 Urban  Informatics  Seminar  @  GSCC 54
    City  type Org.
    Open Geo  
    Data
    Size(KB) Open Data Size(KB) Total
    Prefecture 21
    1,825
    (10.0%)
    309.5
    3,097
    (17.0%)
    397.8 4,922
    Ordnance  Cities 14
    836
    (4.6%)
    36,514.5
    4,516
    (24.8%)
    415.5 5,352
    Core  Cities 15
    705
    (3.9%)
    194.6
    644
    (3.5%)
    874.8 1,349
    Other  Cities 87
    1,576
    (8.6%)
    8615.1
    4,718
    (25.9%)
    244.3 6,294
    Borough 26
    96
    (0.5%)
    64.5
    232
    (1.3%)
    4872.5 328
    Total 163
    5,038
    (27.6%)
    9975.5 13,207 453.9 18,245

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  55. 2016/06/28 Urban  Informatics  Seminar  @  GSCC 55
    Category Prefecture
    Ordnance
    Cities
    Core
    Cities
    Other  Cities Borough Total
    Open  
    Geo  Data
    (%)
    Statistics 305 2,776 66 2,299 0 5,446 109 2.0%
    Population 713 1,071 585 838 16 3,223 532 16.5%
    Education 333 222 85 592 34 1,266 463 36.6%
    Tourism 707 272 31 115 11 1,136 766 67.4%
    Industry 857 54 40 72 0 1,023 101 9.9%
    Administration 245 223 49 461 8 986 710 72.0%
    Public  Health 316 86 95 430 6 933 488 52.3%
    Disaster 284 128 61 398 8 879 378 43.0%
    Environment 277 82 106 152 3 620 227 36.6%
    Public  Facilities 98 87 75 152 10 422 382 90.5%
    Budget 258 34 16 89 0 397 59 14.9%
    The  Primary  
    Industry 299 0 31 63 0 393 95 24.2%
    Transportation 42 179 29 123 3 376 350 93.1%
    Publicity 3 32 31 64 227 357 28 7.8%
    Election 70 3 19 236 0 328 54 16.5%
    Infrastructure 90 67 21 103 0 281 209 74.4%
    Crime 21 24 4 61 1 111 19 17.1%
    AED 4 12 5 46 1 68 68 100%
    Total 4,922 5,352 1,349 6,294 328 18,245 5,038 27.6%

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  56. 2016/06/28 Urban  Informatics  Seminar  @  GSCC 56
    Photoed by  Fumihiko Kato
    Source:  https://www.slideshare.net/codeforjapan Code  for  Japan  CC-­‐BY-­‐SA-­‐4.0
    2016.02

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  57. 2016/06/28 Urban  Informatics  Seminar  @  GSCC 57
    6
    全国30ブロック(都道府県)でデータ活用のワー
    クショップと連動したコンテストを開催予定
    http://urbandata-­‐challenge.jp/
    2016.06.27
    Kick-­‐off Symposium!

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  58. 2016/06/28 Urban  Informatics  Seminar  @  GSCC 58
    Source:  http://5374.jp/
    Code  for  Kanazawa:  5374.jp
    Mozilla  Public  License,  v.  2.0  →  More  than 50 Cities

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  59. 2016/06/28 Urban  Informatics  Seminar  @  GSCC 59
    Code  for  Sapporo:   Interactive  Preschool  Map
    The  MIT  License  (MIT) →  More  than  10  Cities
    Source:  http://papamama.codeforsapporo.org/

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  60. 2016/06/28 Urban  Informatics  Seminar  @  GSCC 60
    Seseki:  Statistical  Web  Viewer  for  Hokkaido
    CC-­‐BY  2.1  JP →  Started  Another  Analysis  
    Source:  http://labo.colspan.net/seseki_udc2015/

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  61. 2016/06/28 Urban  Informatics  Seminar  @  GSCC 61
    2012.09 Release!
    Source:  http://karakurimono.biz/
    2013.12 Release!

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  62. 2016/06/28 Urban  Informatics  Seminar  @  GSCC 62
    Nagoya&Shizuoka:  Night  Street  Advisor
    Sources:  http://www.meti.go.jp/committee/kenkyukai/shoujo/
    it_yugo_forum_data_wg/pdf/h25_02_07_00.pdf

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  63. 2016/06/28 Urban  Informatics  Seminar  @  GSCC 63
    The  Benefits  of  Open  Data  x  Geospatial
    • Data  and  Place  Based  Driven  Decision  Making
    – Data  Visualization,  GeoWeb
    • Reduction  of  Government  Costs  
    – Not  need  to  inquiry  counter
    – Beyond/seamless  to  local  area  data
    • Support  to  Open  Government  by  Open  
    Technology  and  Citizens  Knowledge
    – Increased  Citizen  Engagement
    – Cultivation  of  GIS  Volunteer

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  64. 2016/06/28 Urban  Informatics  Seminar  @  GSCC 64
    Future  Research
    – The  deeply  evaluation  of  open  geospatial  data  for  
    local  government  scale
    • Geographical  extent,  accuracy,  frequency  of  update
    • Necessary  to  devise  or  even  retrieve  statistics  in  API  for  
    data  portal
    – The  evaluation  by  capture  and  introduction  to  the  
    civic  tech  application
    • Aim  for  open  government:  is  the  participation  of  a  
    variety  of  citizens  and  entities  able  to  achieve  this?
    • What  kind  of  organization  is  to  participate  ?

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  65. 2016/06/28 Urban  Informatics  Seminar  @  GSCC 65
    “GIS  and  Society”  with  Open Movements
    Participatoy GIS  →  Open Data
    Government
    →  The  Distribution  of  Open  Geo  Data
    Promotion  of  Open  Government  with  GIS
    OpenSource GIS
    Civic  Tech
    Volunteered  Geographic  
    Information
    Multiple  Organization  

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  66. 2016/06/28 Urban  Informatics  Seminar  @  GSCC 66
    Thank  you  &
    Questions ?
    [email protected]­‐tokyo.ac.jp
    http://researchmap.jp/tosseto

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