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What's Driving Open Source? (with hybrid PDF)

Simon Phipps
September 11, 2012

What's Driving Open Source? (with hybrid PDF)

Keynote at OSS2012, Hammamet, Tunisia. Discusses the history and reorganisation of OSI and the 5 ecosystem drivers that are creating change in open source.

(PDF is Hybrid PDF, can be opened in LibreOffice)

Simon Phipps

September 11, 2012

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  1. What's Driving Open Source? Forces Of Change In 2012 Simon

    Phipps http://webmink.com CC-BY-SA
  2. Agenda • Software Freedom Origins & OSI • Original Drivers

    • Five Drivers Today – Foundations – Licensing – Software Patents – Cloud – Big Data • The Role of OSI Today
  3. About Me • Technical background: electronics, programming • Worked for

    three computer giants (Unisys, IBM, Sun) • Watched & helped history unfold for PCs, the Web, Java, XML, Open Source • British, US-based for 15 years while living in England • Now a consultant and author • Boards: OSI, ORG, OSfA (all pro bono) • @webmink in most places • Nexus is http://webmink.com This presentation represents my own views, not those of any other entity.
  4. Software Freedom Origins

  5. None
  6. Ethics & Pragmatics “A corporation doesn't love you or hate

    you. Its like a lawnmower. Put your hand in, it gets cut off. It doesn't hate you, its just a lawnmower; it cuts everything.” – B. Cantrill
  7. OSI in 1998 • Pragmatic software freedom to allow the

    non- personal to benefit • De-emphasise ethical imperative • Open gateways to open source • Focus on practicalities – Education – Licensing • Building understanding
  8. Original Drivers • Cost Savings – Trapped by “free” •

    Business Model Innovation – Dual licensing, then open core • Web Server Stacks
  9. 1. License Choice Evolution

  10. “A license describes the environment for a business relationship” Corporate

  11. None
  12. “A License is the constitution for a community” Eben Moglen

  13. Open Source License Trends • Move to “plus” licenses •

    Avoiding copyright assignment • Explicit patent language
  14. License Classes Class A “Unrestricted” • Create any work •

    No restrictions on licensing Class B “File-based” • Files derived from commons must use license B • Files added may use any license Class C “Project Based” • All files in project must use license C if any file derived from commons C. Market-creating Market-creating Community-protecting Community-protecting Transparency-Imposing Transparency-Imposing BSD Apache MIT/X11 GPLv2 GPLv3 EUPL MPL CDDL +++
  15. Open Source Licensing Trends GPL Apache MPLv2 Vanity 1998 onwards

    2000-2005 License proliferation Now Emerging
  16. 2. Open Source Foundations

  17. None
  18. Roles Of Foundations • A host for managing fiscal and

    other shared resources – trademarks – shared copyrights – staff • A guarantor and enabler for the governance • An infrastructure provider • A liability firewall for community participants
  19. Synchronization of Self Interest

  20. 3. Software Patents

  21. None
  22. Software Patent Realities • Software patents are real internationally –

    Computer-linked functional claiming makes them possible (see http://www.stanford.edu/dept/law/ipsc/Paper%20PDF/Lemley,%20Mark%20-%20Paper.pdf) – They operate by threat, not court resolution – So they cause problems everywhere • Patents arise even in open source • Patents have become anti-competitive weapons • Dealing with them is a major driver in community & license design
  23. Project Patents “Parallel Filing”

  24. Licenses Covenants Pools Patron

  25. 4. Cloud Computing

  26. None
  27. Many Clouds • Internet-accessed Storage • Remote API • Remote

    VM with stack • Web application toolkit • Every kind of computing, plus a net • Open source is everywhere
  28. No Licence Compliance • Proprietary software applies licence terms to

    end users (EULA) • Software asset management is a major business cost • Open source licences have no end-user limitations - Free software has no EULA • Use that does not involve distribution to others has no compliance requirements • Key, under-recognised open source value http://webmink.com/essays/compliance
  29. Cloud Effects • License evolution • Formation of Foundations •

    Business model evolution – e.g. CloudBees • Trend towards Big Data
  30. 5. Big Data • “Software Doesn't Matter” – Redmonk •

    Shared componentry – Twitter – Facebook – Paypal – Google • No need for “an open source business model”
  31. 5 Drivers - Summary 1. Licensing Evolution ➔ Trending to

    community-aware 2. Foundations ➔ Keeping the peace among corporate participants 3. Software Patents ➔ Driving licensing & governance change 4. Cloud Computing ➔ Driving adoption, licensing, governance change 5. Big Data ➔ “Software doesn't matter any more”
  32. OSI Needs You! Simon Phipps President, The Open Source Initiative

  33. OSI Past • Founded 1998 • Steward of the Open

    Source Definition • Arbiter of Open Source licenses • Looking after the community's firmware...
  34. OSI Future “educate educate about and advocate advocate for the

    benefits of open source and to build bridges build bridges among different constituencies in the open source community.” (that's from opensource.org/mission)

  36. Affiliates Individuals Corporate Board OSI Restructuring Added 2Q 2012 Added

    3Q 2012 Added 4Q 2012 Future Role
  37. Join OSI Today! • Please JOIN NOW! opensource.org/join • Help

    us evolve – be part of the solution. • Ask your community group to join too.