Self-organization and leadership

Self-organization and leadership

2020/08/20 Re-RSGT! #TokyoTaco

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Yoshiki Iida

August 20, 2020
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  1. Self-organization and leadership 2020/08/20 Re-RSGT! #TokyoTaco Yoshiki Iida

  2. Self-Introduction ◂ Yoshiki Iida ◂ Twitter: @ysk_118 ◂ Freelance ◂

    Engineer ◂ Advisor ◂ Agile Team Supporters ◂ 一般社団法人 アジャイルチームを支える会 理事 ◂ 相談室などを通していいアジャイルチームを増やす活動 ◂ ex-CrowdWorks ◂ Head of Engineering(執行役員) ◂ Engineer => Scrum Master => Product Owner => Manager 2
  3. Topics ◂ Why focusing on an organization? ◂ Ideal and

    reality of self-organization ◂ Balance of Autonomy, Responsibility, Discipline ◂ How to focus on an organization? ◂ What leader will get 3
  4. Why focusing on the organization? 4

  5. Human thought changes an organization ◂ I was head of

    engineering. ◂ But the reason to face an organization wasn’t because of my position. ◂ I thought that I should do it. ◂ When I thought such, I wasn’t in any position. ◂ I just liked the product, people. I wanted to make it better. 5
  6. You are alone when you recognize problem ◂ Your journey

    always starts from being alone. ぼっちからはじめる cf. カイゼン・ジャーニー ◂ Being alone is strength. ぼっちは強み ◂ But I don’t say that you always should notice problem. When you notice problem by chance/unfortunately, it is time to do… ◂ Be natural. 6
  7. Why we should think about an organization? ◂ Because there

    is a limit in work that can be done alone. ◂ However working in small group(too small to call an organization) is not bad idea. ◂ But almost all people is working in an organization. 7
  8. Your power is finite ◂ If you noticed some problems

    and you reluctantly understand that you need to change the organization. ◂ And if you act, act, act,,, for problem, ◂ Then you will recognize that what you can change is small. ◂ Then you will want everyone to improve. ◂ Then you encount self-organization. 8
  9. 9 You(alone) Organization (or just group) 1st: You want to

    improve process / make process better and act You Organization 2nd: Everyone join to improve process / make process better
  10. In Agile Manifesto “The best architectures, requirements, and designs emerge

    from self-organizing teams.” “At regular intervals, the team reflects on how to become more effective, then tunes and adjusts its behavior accordingly.” ◂ As you know, it is said that self-organization team tends to become more effective. 10
  11. Ideal and reality of self-organization 11

  12. Do everyone want to make it better really? ◂ Ideally

    everyone want to have enough passion and skill to improve daily work. ◂ Ideally someone notices problems and team solve it. ◂ Whereas generally we tend to draw a line to team tasks and require incentive. ◂ People want “take” before “give”. ◂ Organization can’t be changed by only goodwill. 12
  13. Expectation to manager(えらい人) ◂ There is an expectation to people

    who get high salary.(people who get incentive already) “My manager may manages that problem.” “I just do my tasks.” “Because I don’t get such salary.” Salary is just one reason. There are many reason not to focus an organization matter.(Other example: Authority) As you know, it will not go better. But this is real matter. 13
  14. 14 Ideal Self-Organization State Many Reasons not to do (Salary,

    Authority, Interest, ...) Bad Effect
  15. Balance of Autonomy, Responsibility, Discipline 15

  16. Self-organization needs an autonomy ◂ Autonomy is also called self-government.

    ◂ Decide, act, learn, improve in team. ◂ It needs to gather a lot of information. ◂ But it is not that we can do freely anything we want. ◂ There is a responsibility in company(or society). 16
  17. Autonomy is with responsibility ◂ Autonomy is always with responsibility.

    ◂ Responsibility is to understand what we should accomplish and to accomplish actually. ◂ This is very difficult. ◂ Autonomy needs great power, therefore self-organization needs great power. ◂ We can get the outcome from responsibility. 17
  18. Autonomy Responsibility Great Power with with need Self-Organization need Information

    Authority need Manager provide check Team include Outcome emerge
  19. Discipline in organization ◂ Discipline is for harmony. ◂ It

    is maybe owner’s philosophy or company’s vision or something like coding guideline. ◂ It is what everyone want to cherish or what everyone agree to follow. ◂ It is for alignment directionality of many self-organization team. ◂ It contains perspective of process. It is not just a goal. 19
  20. 20 Self-organiz ation team Self-organiz ation team Self-organiz ation team

    Outcome Alignment by discipline Autonomy Responsibility
  21. How to focus on an organization? 21

  22. Role of Leadership in self-organization ◂ Make environment (so-called “Ba”)

    ◂ Inspire people ◂ Scale and leave 22
  23. Making environment where everyone naturally improve ◂ You should install

    naturally improvement to organization. ◂ That means to clarify that everyone will get return after improving organization process.(long term incentive) ◂ Give the authority. ◂ Trust and wait for long time. 23
  24. Matter of people can not improve technical skill generally ◂

    Problem occurs in an organization is almost matter of people, not technology. ◂ So the solution is not technical inevitably. ◂ Generally engineers don’t like to spend time for un-technical matter. ◂ Whereas facing matter of people raises engineer’s market value. ◂ You should speak this fact repeatedly. 24
  25. Scaling an experiment ◂ You have to think how to

    increase number of people doing experiments in the organization. ◂ There should be safety even if experiment fails. This is also important. ◂ If scaling works, you can do other new mission. 25
  26. Experimenter Next Generation... Next Generation...

  27. If you want to give up..? ◂ Focusing on an

    organization is hard. ◂ You may want to give up and run away. ◂ You can stop to face. ◂ There is no problem to leave. ◂ Sometimes you need the time to think about nothing. 27
  28. What leader will get 28

  29. What is return for leader? ◂ The experience of focusing

    on an organization has enough value. ◂ Because there is people whenever, wherever. ◂ This is market value itself. ◂ If you fail to change, the value is never lost. ◂ It is more stockable than technical skill such as some framework. ◂ You’ll get power you can fight everywhere. 29
  30. That’s all. Tell me your challenge and your self-organization team

    story. Thank you! 30
  31. Special Thanks for English review Gregoire 31