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はじめよう Kubernetes PersistentVolume のバックアップ

はじめよう Kubernetes PersistentVolume のバックアップ

CloudNative Days Tokyo 2022の登壇資料です。
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Kubernetes上でPersistentVolume(永続ボリューム)を使い、ステートフルアプリケーションを実行する事例も徐々に増えてきました。
そのような中、皆さん、PersistentVolumeに格納したデータのバックアップは取っているでしょうか。
障害が発生しないシステムはありません。ソフトウェアやハードウェアのバグだけででなく、災害などでデータセンター全体がダウンすることもあります。システムがダウンしてもデータを失わないようにするためは、定期的なバックアップを行うことが重要です。
そこで、本セッションではKubernetesのPersistentVolumeのバックアップについて、設計の考え方から手順例について紹介します。

Yukinori Sakashita

November 21, 2022
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  1. ͸͡ΊΑ͏ ,VCFSOFUFT1FSTJTUFOU7PMVNFͷ 
 όοΫΞοϓ :VLJOPSJ4BLBTIJUB

  2. ࣗݾ঺հ ‣ ٕज़ݚڀΤϦΞ  ӡ༻؅ཧٕज़  Ϋϥ΢υ  αʔόετϨʔδ 

    ࣗಈࣗ཯ίϯϐϡʔςΟϯά  "*.- // ).. #BZFTJBO/FUXPSL  ‣ ৬ྺ  ೔ཱ੡࡞ॴ 㾎தԝݚڀॴԣ඿ݚڀॴ ओ೚ݚڀһ  㾎ւ֎ݚڀॴ!γϦίϯόϨʔ ϥϘ௕   αʔόϕϯμʔ ςΫχΧϧ4& 2 ࡔԼ޾ಙ ത࢜  :VLJOPSJ4BLBTIJUB 1I% ‣ ϠϑʔגࣜձࣾθοτϥϘגࣜձࣾ ‣ 4/*"೔ຊࢧ෦ٕज़ҕһձ෭ҕһ௕ ݉Ϣʔεέʔε෼Պձ௕ ‣ 4/*"5FDIOJDBM$PVODJM"EWJTPS
  3. "HFOEB  όοΫΞοϓͷॏཁੑ  όοΫΞοϓͷઃܭ  ,VCFSOFUFT17ͷόοΫΞοϓྫ 1PTUHSF42-  

    ,VCFSOFUFT޲͚όοΫΞοϓιϑτͷ঺հ 3
  4. όοΫΞοϓͷॏཁੑ

  5. όοΫΞοϓ΁ͷؔ৺ 5 ग़యݩ೥౓൛4/*"+ετϨʔδࢢ৔ಈ޲ௐࠪ

  6. όοΫΞοϓͷॏཁੑ 6 ػثͷނো ਓҝతϛεΦϖϛε ࡂ֐ σΟβελ ‣ σʔλΛ֨ೲ͍ͯ͠ΔετϨʔδ͸յΕΔ ‣ ετϨʔδΛ࢖ͬͯ΋σʔλΛফࣦ͢ΔϦεΫ͸ͳ͘ͳΒͳ͍

    ‣ ϦϦʔε͕͍ۙɾకΊ੾Γ͕͍ۙͳͲ๩͍࣌͠΄Ͳσʔλ͸յΕΔ 
 ݸਓͷܦݧଇ  ‣ όοΫΞοϓ͸σʔλΛফࣦ͠ͳ͍ͨΊͷอݥ
  7. όοΫΞοϓͷࣦഊࣄྫ 7 ஫ຊࣄྫ͸ϑΟΫγϣϯͰ͢ όοΫΞοϓ ͱ͓͍ͬͯͯ ͏ʔΜɺΑ͘Θ͔Βͳ͍͔Β ຖि೔༵೔ʹόοΫΞοϓ͢Δ͔ ো֐ൃੜ ͹͔΋ʔΜ ࠓ೔ͷσʔλ͕ফ͑ͨ

    ͡Όͳ͍͔
  8. ͳࣦͥഊͨ͠ͷ͔ 8 ‣ όοΫΞοϓͷཁ݅ͷ۷ΓԼ͛ෆ଍ ‣ όοΫΞοϓͷઃܭෆ଍ ‣ αʔϏεϨϕϧͷ߹ҙෆ଍

  9. όοΫΞοϓઃܭ͸ίετͱͷఱṝ ‣ όοΫΞοϓ͸อݥɻແͯ͘΋௨ৗͷϏδωεʹӨڹͳ͠ ‣ อݥʹزΒ͔͚Δ͔ΛσʔλՁ஋ͱͷఱṝͰઃܭ͢Δ͜ͱ͕ॏཁ ‣ όοΫΞοϓ͸ετϨʔδӡ༻ͷதͰ΋ߴ͍*0 ΍ిྗ ͕͔͔Δ࡞ۀ˞ ‣

    ίετͱͯ͠ߟ͑ΔϙΠϯτ  όοΫΞοϓσʔλΛ֨ೲ͢ΔετϨʔδͷίετ  όοΫΞοϓιϑτ ΍ίϯαϧ ͷඅ༻ͱ։ൃඅ  ؅ཧऀͷ࡞ۀෛՙ  *5Πϯϑϥػث αʔόωοτϫʔΫετϨʔδ ΁ͷෛՙ ˞ࢀߟ࿦จ:VLJOPSJ4BLBTIJUB ,BOBF.JZBTIJUB 4IVJDIJ,P[BLB 4BUPTIJ6EB .JLJGVNJ4IJLJEB 
 ɹɹɹɹɹɹɹz4JNVMBUJPOPG1PXFS4BWJOHJO1SJWBUF$MPVE&OWJSPONFOUz "$.4*(6$$4` 
  10. όοΫΞοϓͷઃܭ

  11. Կ͔Β࢝ΊΔόοΫΞοϓͷઃܭ 11 ‣ αʔϏεϨϕϧ͸Ͳ͏΍ܾͬͯΊΔͷʁ ‣ ͍ͭόοΫΞοϓΛ࣮ࢪ͢Δʁ ‣ αʔόPSετϨʔδͷͲͬͪͷػೳͰόοΫΞοϓ͢Δͷ͕ྑ͍ͷʁ ‣ όοΫΞοϓιϑτ͸ԿΛ࢖͑͹ྑ͍ͷʁ

    ‣ ୭͕όοΫΞοϓΛߦ͏ͷʁ
  12. όοΫΞοϓͷαʔϏεϨϕϧ 12 ‣ όοΫΞοϓͷαʔϏεϨϕϧͷઃܭͰ͸ҎԼΛࡦఆ  310ͱੈ୅਺  350

  13. 310ͱੈ୅਺ 13 ‣ 3FDPWFSZ1PJOU0CKFDUJWF ໨ඪ෮چ࣌఺   աڈͷʮͲͷ࣌఺·ͰʯͷσʔλΛ෮چͰ͖Δ͔ͷ໨ඪ஋  ͜ͷ஋ʹΑΓόοΫΞοϓִؒΛࡦఆ

    ‣ ੈ୅਺͸อ͓࣋ͯ͘͠όοΫΞοϓͷݸ਺ ‣ 310Λ୹͘ ੈ୅਺Λଟ͘ઃఆ͗͢͠ΔͱόοΫΞοϓίετ͕૿େ ࣌ؒ     310 ྫ310࣌ؒ ੈ୅਺ #BDLVQ #BDLVQ #BDLVQ  อূ֎
  14. 350 14 ‣ 3FDPWFSZ5JNF0CKFDUJWF ໨ඪ෮چ࣌ؒ   ো֐ൃੜޙʮͲͷ͘Β͍ͷ࣌ؒʯͰσʔλΛ෮چͤ͞ΒΕΔ͔ͷ໨ඪ஋  ͜ͷ஋ʹΑΓόοΫΞοϓํ๏΍όοΫΞοϓઌΛܾఆ

    ࣌ؒ   ྫ350࣌ؒ 3FTUPSF 14 350 αʔϏεμ΢ϯ αʔϏε෮چ
  15. όοΫΞοϓํ๏ ‣ όοΫΞοϓ͸αʔόͰߦ͏΋ͷͱετϨʔδͰߦ͏΋ͷ͕͋Δ 4UPSBHF 4UPSBHF αʔόαΠυόοΫΞοϓ ετϨʔδαΠυόοΫΞοϓ σʔλͷྲྀΕ ϝϦοτ ɾετϨʔδ΁ͷ

    
 ґଘͳ͠ σϝϦοτ ɾαʔό΍ΞϓϦʹ ෛՙ͕͔͔Δ ϝϦοτ ɾαʔό΍ΞϓϦʹ ෛՙ͕͔͔Βͳ͍ σϝϦοτ ɾετϨʔδͷػೳ 
 ʹґଘ͢Δ /PSUI 4PVUI 4UPSBHF 4UPSBHF 8FTU &BTU
  16. ετϨʔδͷϨϓϦέʔγϣϯ ‣ ετϨʔδͰ͸ෳ਺छྨͷϨϓϦέʔγϣϯػೳ͕͋Γ 5ZQF -PDBM3FNPUF 4ZODISPOJ[BUJPO5ZQF .FNP .JSSPS -PDBM 4ZOD

    -PDBM "TZOD 3FNPUF 4ZOD 3FNPUF "TZOD $MPOF -PDBM 4ZOD -PDBM "TZOD 3FNPUF 4ZOD 3FNPUF "TZOD 4OBQTIPU -PDBM 4ZOD 'VMM ੈ୅؅ཧͰ͖Δ$MPOF -PDBM "TZOD 'VMM ੈ୅؅ཧͰ͖Δ$MPOF -PDBM 4ZOD %FMUB -PDBM "TZOD %FMUB ˞,VCFSOFUFTͰ࠾༻ͯ͠Δ$4*Ͱ͸$MPOF 4OBQTIPUΛαϙʔτ ୠ͠ɺϕϯμʔಠࣗʹ.JSSPSΛαϙʔτ͍ͯ͠Δ$4*υϥΠό΋͋Γ
  17. .JSSPSͱ$MPOF 17 .JSSPS $MPOF ‣ .JSSPSͱ$MPOF͸ยํ͔͠༗͍ͯ͠ͳ͍ετϨʔδ΋ଟʑ͋Γ ‣ .JSSPS͸ৗʹσʔλΛಉظ͍ͯ͠Δ͕ɺ4QMJU ಉظղআ ͢Δ͜ͱͰ

    
 ͦͷ࣌఺ͷόοΫΞοϓͱͯ͠ར༻Մೳ ‣ $MPOF͸ಉ͡෺ཧߏ੒Ͱͳͯ͘΋0, ϕϯμʹΑͬͯ͸$PQZ ճͷΈͷ$MPOF 4QMJU 4ZODISPOJ[FE 4PVSDF 5BSHFU 4PVSDFͱ ಉ͡෺ཧߏ੒ 4PVSDFͱ ಉ͡෺ཧߏ੒ Ͱͳͯ͘΋ྑ͍ 4PVSDF $MPOF
  18. -PDBMͱ3FNPUF ‣ ᝑମ಺ -PDBM ͱᝑମؒ 3FNPUF Ͱ.JSSPS$MPOF ‣ ௒௕ڑ཭ͷ৔߹͸.VMUJ3FQMJDBߏ੒ 18

    4UPSBHF 4UPSBHF 4UPSBHF 4UPSBHF 4UPSBHF -PDBM 3FNPUF .VMUJ3FQMJDB TPVSDF UBSHFU 4UPSBHF TPVSDF UBSHFU TPVSDF UBSHFUTPVSDF UBSHFU
  19. 4ZODͱ"TZOD 19 ‣ 4ZOD ಉظ ͸ۙڑ཭ؒɺ"TZOD ඇಉظ ͸த௕ڑ཭ؒͰར༻ " "

    "    8SJUF׬ྃ 8SJUFཁٻ " " "    8SJUF׬ྃ 8SJUFཁٻ   4ZOD "TZOD
  20. 4OBQTIPU 20 " 5JNF # # "` $ $ 

      "Λ"`ʹ ॻ͖׵͑ 4OBQTIPU 
 7PMVNF   " " # $   " # $ #`   "` 4OBQTIPU࣮ߦ 4PVSDF 4OBQTIPU࣮ߦ #Λ#`ʹ ॻ͖׵͑ ‣ ଟ͘ͷ4OBQTIPU͸ࠩ෼σʔλͷΈอଘ ࠩ෼σʔλͷ 
 อଘྖҬ $P8 $PQZPO8SJUF ʹ ΑΔࠩ෼όοΫΞοϓ "`
  21. 4OBQTIPUͷಛ௃ ‣ ར఺  ࠩ෼ͷΈอଘ͢ΔͨΊফඅ͢Δ෺ཧϝσΟΞ༰ྔ͕গͳ͍ ‣ ܽ఺  4OBQTIPU7PMVNF͔Β3FBE͢Δ৔߹ɺ4PVSDF7PMVNF΁ͷੑೳӨڹ͋Γ 

    $P8ʹΑΔύϑΥʔϚϯεྼԽ͕ͰΔϕϯμ΋͋Γ
  22. ૝ఆ͢ΔނোՕॴ ‣ όοΫΞοϓͰར༻͢ΔϨϓϦέʔγϣϯػೳΛબͿલʹ૝ఆ͢ΔނোՕॴΛ 
 ߟ͑Δඞཁ͋Γ ‣ ετϨʔδͷো֐Օॴͱͯ͠େ·͔ʹҎԼͷͭʹ෼ྨ 4UPSBHF 7PMVNF %BUB

    σʔλଛই 4UPSBHF 7PMVNF %BUB ϘϦϡʔϜଛই 4UPSBHF 7PMVNF %BUB ετϨʔδػثଛই ɾಛఆͷσʔλͷΈഁଛ ɾΞϓϦͷόάͳͲͰഁଛέʔε΋͋Γ ɾ%JTLো֐΍ίϯτϩʔϥɺωοτϫʔΫϙʔτͷ 
 ো֐౳ͰಛఆͷϘϦϡʔϜʹΞΫηεෆՄ ɾػثશମʹΞΫηεͰ͖ͳ͘ͳΔো֐ ɾిݯো֐ͳͲʹΑΔκʔϯো֐ɺ஍਒౳ʹΑΔ 
 σΟβελʹΑΔαΠτো֐΋ؚΉ
  23. ނোՕॴͱϨϓϦέʔγϣϯػೳ 23 ‣ ͲͷΑ͏ͳނোΛ૝ఆ্ͨ͠Ͱద੾ͳϨϓϦέʔγϣϯػೳΛબ୒  εφοϓγϣοτ ϛϥʔ ϩʔΧϧ Ϋϩʔϯ ϩʔΧϧ

    ϛϥʔ ϦϞʔτ Ϋϩʔϯ ϦϞʔτ σʔλഁଛ࣌ͷ 
 ෮چ͕Մೳ ϘϦϡʔϜഁଛ࣌ͷ 
 ෮چ͕Մೳ ετϨʔδػث 
 ഁଛ࣌ͷ෮چ͕Մೳ ෮چઌͷ੍໿ ಉҰػث಺ͷΈ ಉҰػث಺ͷΈ ಉҰػث಺ͷΈ ผػثͰ΋Մ ผػثͰ΋Մ όοΫΞοϓʹ 
 ͔͔Δ࣌ؒ ୹࣌ؒ ୹࣌ؒ த࣌ؒ ୹࣌ؒ ௕࣌ؒ ෮چʹ͔͔Δ࣌ؒ 350 ୹࣌ؒ ୹࣌ؒ ୹ʙத࣌ؒ ௕࣌ؒ ௕࣌ؒ όοΫΞοϓઌͷ 
 ༰ྔ ίετ খ 
 ࠩ෼ͷΈ େ 
 ݩ7PMͱಉ༰ྔ தʙେ େ 
 ݩ7PMͱಉ༰ྔ தʙେ ˞ ˞ ˞ ˞ ˞ϛϥʔதͷ΋ͷ͔Β͸෮چෆՄɻ4QMJUͨ͠΋ͷ͔ΒͷΈ෮چՄ ˞Ϋϩʔϯ࣌ʹѹॖ΍ॏෳഉআʹΑΓ༰ྔ࡟ݮ͢Δ΋ͷ΋͋Γ
  24. όοΫΞοϓܭըͷྫ 24 ‣ ໨ඪ஋  σʔλഁଛ w 310෼ ੈ୅਺ ೔෼Λอଘ

    ɺ350෼  ϘϦϡʔϜഁଛετϨʔδػثഁଛ w 310࣌ؒ ੈ୅਺ ೔෼อ࣋ ɺ350࣌ؒ ‣ όοΫΞοϓํ๏ ‣ ෼ִؒͰεφοϓγϣοτΛ࣮ࢪ˞ ‣ ִ࣌ؒؒʹճΫϩʔϯ ϦϞʔτ Λ࣮ࢪ˞ ˞ੈ୅਺Λ௒͑ͨ৔߹͸ɺݹ͍΋ͷ͔Β࡟আ
  25. ,VCFSOFUFT17ͷ όοΫΞοϓྫ

  26. 17ͷόοΫΞοϓ ‣ 1PEʹ17͕઀ଓ͞Ε͍ͯΔέʔε  1PE͕Քಇ͍ͯ͠Δ㲈ΞϓϦ͕ΦϯϥΠϯ  ΞϓϦ࿈ܞͷΦϯϥΠϯόοΫΞοϓ ‎ΞϓϦͷӡ༻ऀ͕ओମͱͳΓόοΫΞοϓΛ࣮ࢪ͢Δඞཁ͋Γ ‣ 1PEʹ17͕઀ଓ͞Ε͍ͯͳ͍έʔε

     ΦϑϥΠϯόοΫΞοϓ ‎Πϯϑϥͷ؅ཧऀ͕ओମͱͳΓόοΫΞοϓ͕Մೳ
  27. ࠓճ঺հ͢Δαϯϓϧ 27 ‣ ΞϓϦ࿈ܞͷΦϯϥΠϯόοΫΞοϓΛϐοΫΞοϓ ‣ αϯϓϧͷ4UBUFGVMΞϓϦͱͯ͠1PTUHSF42-ͷόοΫΞοϓྫΛ঺հ ‣ ϑϩʔʹԊͬͯεςοϓόΠεςοϓͰղઆ  ࣮ӡ༻͢Δ৔߹ʹ͸ɺεΫϦϓτԽ͠$SPO+PCͳͲͰ࣮ߦ

    4UPSBHF 0CKFDU4UPSBHF 4OBQTIPU $MPOF QPTUHSFT QPTUHSFECQPTUHSFT
  28. όοΫΞοϓͷϑϩʔ ‣ ,VCFSOFUFTͷ4*(4UPSBHF͔Β೿ੜͯ͠ੜ·Εͨ%BUB1SPUFDUJPO8(ʹͯ 
 Ϟσϧέʔεͱͯ͠ࡦఆ͍ͯ͠ΔϑϩʔΛϕʔεʹղઆ ΞϓϦͷ ઐ༻όοΫΞοϓπʔϧ 
 ͷ༗ແ ઐ༻όοΫΞοϓπʔϧͷ࣮ߦ

    $MPOFͷσʔλΛϦϞʔτ΁ίϐʔ ΞϓϦͷ੩ࢭԽ 7PMVNF4OBQTIPUͷ࣮ߦ ΞϓϦͷ੩ࢭԽղআ $MPOF ϩʔΧϧ ͕ඞཁ͔ 7PMVNF4OBQTIPUΛϦετΞ $MPOFΛ࣮ߦ $MPOF ϦϞʔτ ͕ඞཁ͔ ։࢝ ऴྃ ˞ػೳ࣍ୈͰ͸ϦϞʔτ΁ͷ ίϐʔ͸ผ్࣮ࢪཁ ༗ ແ ඞཁͳ͠ ඞཁ͋Γ ඞཁͳ͠ ඞཁ͋Γ ˞
  29. ΞϓϦ੩ࢭԽͱ7PMVNF4OBQTIPU 29 ΞϓϦͷ ઐ༻όοΫΞοϓπʔϧ 
 ͷ༗ແ ઐ༻όοΫΞοϓπʔϧͷ࣮ߦ $MPOFͷσʔλΛϦϞʔτ΁ίϐʔ ΞϓϦͷ੩ࢭԽ 7PMVNF4OBQTIPUͷ࣮ߦ

    ΞϓϦͷ੩ࢭԽղআ $MPOF ϩʔΧϧ ͕ඞཁ͔ 7PMVNF4OBQTIPUΛϦετΞ $MPOFΛ࣮ߦ $MPOF ϦϞʔτ ͕ඞཁ͔ ։࢝ ऴྃ ༗ ແ ඞཁͳ͠ ඞཁ͋Γ ඞཁͳ͠ ඞཁ͋Γ
  30. ΞϓϦͷ੩ࢭԽ  30 ‣ ΞϓϦʹͯ੩ࢭԽΛߦ͍ϘϦϡʔϜʹσʔλΛॻ͖ࠐ·ͳ͍Α͏ʹ཈ࢭ ‣ ੩ࢭԽ͸ॻ͖ࠐΈ్தͷத్൒୺ͳσʔλʹͯόοΫΞοϓ͞ΕΔ͜ͱΛ 
 ๷͙ͨΊʹඞཁෆՄܽ 

    ϦετΞ࣌ʹσʔλ͕յΕͯར༻Ͱ͖ͳ͍͜ͱΛ๷ࢭ ‣ ੩ࢭԽͷํ๏͸ΞϓϦຖʹҟͳΔ ‣ ੩ࢭԽதʹॻ͖ࠐ·Εͨσʔλ͸ϝϞϦͳͲʹҰ࣌อଘ ϝϞϦᷓΕʹ஫ҙ LVCFDUMFYFDUJQPTUHSFTQTRM6QPTUHSFTD4&-&$5[email protected]@CBDLVQ OPX UFYU  [email protected]@CBDLVQ   SPX 
  31. ΞϓϦͷ੩ࢭԽ  31 ‣ ੩ࢭԽͨ͠ޙɺϑΝΠϧγεςϜͳͲͷΩϟογϡ্ͷσʔλ΋ 
 ๨ΕͣʹશͯετϨʔδ΁ॻ͖ࠐΉඞཁ͋Γ ๨Ε͕ͪ LVCFDUMFYFDUJQPTUHSFTTZOD

  32. 7PMVNF4OBQTIPU 32 ‣ 7PMVNF4OBQTIPUΛ࣮ߦ͠ 
 ετϨʔδ্ʹ4OBQTIPUΛ࡞੒ ‣ 7PMVNF4OBQTIPUΛ׆༻͠ΞϓϦͷ 
 ੩ࢭԽͷ࣌ؒΛग़དྷΔ͚ͩ୹͘

     7PMVNF4OBQTIPU͸ࠩ෼֨ೲ༻ͷ 
 ྖҬ֬อͷΈͰσʔλίϐʔΛ 
 ߦΘͳ͍ͨΊඵΦʔμ LVCFDUMBQQMZGWPMVNFTOBQTIPUZBNM WPMVNFTOBQTIPUTOBQTIPUTUPSBHFLTJPQPTUHSFECQPTUHSFTDSFBUFE BQJ7FSTJPOTOBQTIPUTUPSBHFLTJPW LJOE7PMVNF4OBQTIPU NFUBEBUB OBNFQPTUHSFECQPTUHSFT TQFD WPMVNF4OBQTIPU$MBTT/BNFDTJWPMVNFTOBQTIPU TPVSDF εφοϓγϣοτΛऔಘ͢Δ17$Λࢦఆ QFSTJTUFOU7PMVNF$MBJN/BNFQPTUHSFECQPTUHSFT WPMVNFTOBQTIPUZBNM
  33. ΞϓϦͷ੩ࢭԽղআ 33 ‣ ΞϓϦʹͯ੩ࢭԽΛղআ ‣ ੩ࢭԽͷղআʹΑΓϝϞϦதʹอଘ͞Ε͍ͯͨτϥϯβΫγϣϯ͕ 
 ϘϦϡʔϜ΁ॻ͖ࠐΈΛ࠶։ LVCFDUMFYFDUJQPTUHSFTQTRM6QPTUHSFTD4&-&$5[email protected]@CBDLVQ 

    [email protected]@CBDLVQ   SPX 
  34. Ϋϩʔϯ ϩʔΧϧ ͷ࣮ࢪ 34 ΞϓϦͷ ઐ༻όοΫΞοϓπʔϧ 
 ͷ༗ແ ઐ༻όοΫΞοϓπʔϧͷ࣮ߦ $MPOFͷσʔλΛϦϞʔτ΁ίϐʔ

    ΞϓϦͷ੩ࢭԽ 7PMVNF4OBQTIPUͷ࣮ߦ ΞϓϦͷ੩ࢭԽղআ $MPOF ϩʔΧϧ ͕ඞཁ͔ 7PMVNF4OBQTIPUΛϦετΞ $MPOFΛ࣮ߦ $MPOF ϦϞʔτ ͕ඞཁ͔ ։࢝ ऴྃ ༗ ແ ඞཁͳ͠ ඞཁ͋Γ ඞཁͳ͠ ඞཁ͋Γ
  35. Ϋϩʔϯ ϩʔΧϧ  35 ‣ 7PMVNF4OBQTIPUΛϦετΞ ‣ ετϨʔδʹΑͬͯ͸ϦετΞΛ࣮ߦ͢Δ ͱ಺෦ͰΫϩʔϯ͕ߦΘΕΔ੡඼΋͋Γ LVCFDUMBQQMZGCBDLVQQWDZBNM

    QFSTJTUFOUWPMVNFDMBJNCBDLVQQPTUHSFECQPTUHSFTDSFBUFE BQJ7FSTJPOW LJOE1FSTJTUFOU7PMVNF$MBJN NFUBEBUB OBNFCBDLVQQPTUHSFECQPTUHSFT TQFD TUPSBHF$MBTT/BNFTUBOEBSE BDDFTT.PEFT<3FBE8SJUF0ODF> SFTPVSDFT SFRVFTUT TUPSBHF(J ϦετΞର৅ͷ7PMVNF4OBQTIPU EBUB4PVSDF OBNFQPTUHSFECQPTUHSFT LJOE7PMVNF4OBQTIPU BQJ(SPVQTOBQTIPUTUPSBHFLTJP CBDLVQQWDZBNM
  36. Ϋϩʔϯ ϩʔΧϧ  ‣ ಺෦ͰΫϩʔϯ͕ߦΘΕͳ͍ετϨʔδͰ͸ ϦετΞͨ͠17$17Λ7PMVNF$MPOJOH ‣ Ϋϩʔϯ͢Δ͜ͱͰ࣍εςοϓͷΦϒδΣΫ τετϨʔδ΁ͷόοΫΞοϓ͢Δࡍͷ 


    ݩϘϦϡʔϜʹ͔͔ΔෛՙΛ࡟ݮ LVCFDUMBQQMZGDMPOFQWDZBNM QFSTJTUFOUWPMVNFDMBJNDMPOFQPTUHSFECQPTUHSFTDSFBUFE BQJ7FSTJPOW LJOE1FSTJTUFOU7PMVNF$MBJN NFUBEBUB OBNFDMPOFQPTUHSFECQPTUHSFT TQFD TUPSBHF$MBTT/BNFTUBOEBSE BDDFTT.PEFT<3FBE8SJUF0ODF> SFTPVSDFT SFRVFTUT TUPSBHF(J Ϋϩʔϯର৅ͷ17$ EBUB4PVSDF OBNFCBDLVQQPTUHSFECQPTUHSFT LJOE1FSTJTUFOU7PMVNF$MBJN DMPOFQWDZBNM 4PVSDF7PM 4OBQTIPU $MPOF7PM QPTUHSFECQPTUHSFT QPTUHSFECQPTUHSFT CBDLVQQPTUHSFECQPTUHSFT 
 DMPOFQPTUHSFECQPTUHSFT
  37. Ϋϩʔϯ ϦϞʔτ ͷ࣮ࢪ 37 ΞϓϦͷ ઐ༻όοΫΞοϓπʔϧ 
 ͷ༗ແ ઐ༻όοΫΞοϓπʔϧͷ࣮ߦ $MPOFͷσʔλΛϦϞʔτ΁ίϐʔ

    ΞϓϦͷ੩ࢭԽ 7PMVNF4OBQTIPUͷ࣮ߦ ΞϓϦͷ੩ࢭԽղআ $MPOF ϩʔΧϧ ͕ඞཁ͔ 7PMVNF4OBQTIPUΛϦετΞ $MPOFΛ࣮ߦ $MPOF ϦϞʔτ ͕ඞཁ͔ ։࢝ ऴྃ ༗ ແ ඞཁͳ͠ ඞཁ͋Γ ඞཁͳ͠ ඞཁ͋Γ
  38. Ϋϩʔϯ ϦϞʔτ ͷ֓ཁ 38 ‣ Ϋϩʔϯ ϦϞʔτ ʹΑΓ֎෦ͷΦϒδΣΫτετϨʔδ΁ 
 όοΫΞοϓσʔλΛอଘ

    ‣ ,VCFSOFUFTͷ$4*Ͱ͸Ϋϩʔϯ ϦϞʔτ ͕ͳ͍ͨΊɺSFTUJDίϚϯυΛ 
 ࢖͍αʔόαΠυόοΫΞοϓ ࢀߟSFTUJD IUUQTSFTUJDOFU 4PVSDF7PM 4OBQTIPU $MPOF7PM QPTUHSFECQPTUHSFT QPTUHSFECQPTUHSFT CBDLVQQPTUHSFECQPTUHSFT 
 DMPOFQPTUHSFECQPTUHSFT 4UPSBHF 0CKFDU4UPSBHF SFTUJD
  39. όοΫΞοϓઌͷॳظԽ  TQFD SFTUBSU1PMJDZ0O'BJMVSF DPOUBJOFST OBNFSFTUJDJOJU JNBHFSFTUJDSFTUJD DPNNBOE<TI D SFTUJDTOBQTIPUTccSFTUJDJOJU>

    FOW'SPN TFDSFU3FG OBNFPCKFDUTUPSBHF ‣ +PCʹͯSFTUJDίϚϯυΛݺͼग़͠ɺΦϒδΣΫτετϨʔδ্ͷ 
 όοΫΞοϓσʔλͷ֨ೲઌόέοτΛॳظԽ JOJUPCKFDUTUPSBHFZBNM BQJ7FSTJPOCBUDIW LJOE+PC NFUBEBUB OBNFJOJUPCKFDUTUPSBHF TQFD CBDLP ff -JNJU QBSBMMFMJTN UFNQMBUF NFUBEBUB MBCFMT BQQJOJUPCKFDUTUPSBHF  DPOU 39
  40. όοΫΞοϓઌͷॳظԽ  40 ‣ ΦϒδΣΫτετϨʔδ΁ͷ઀ଓ৘ใ͸4FDSFUʹͯઃఆ ‣ +PCΛ࣮ߦ͠SFTUJD༻ʹόέοτΛॳظԽ LVCFDUMBQQMZGJOJUPCKFDUTUPSBHFZBNM KPCCBUDIJOJUPCKFDUTUPSBHFDSFBUFE LVCFDUMDSFBUFTFDSFUHFOFSJDPCKFDUTUPSBHFa

    GSPNMJUFSBM"[email protected]"$$&[email protected],&:@*%\0#[email protected]"$$&[email protected],&:^a GSPNMJUFSBM"[email protected]&$3&[email protected]"$$&[email protected],&:\0#[email protected]&$3&5^a GSPNMJUFSBM3&45*[email protected]&104*503:\0#[email protected]&104*503:^a GSPNMJUFSBM3&45*[email protected]"44803%\3&45*[email protected]"44803%^
  41. Ϋϩʔϯ ϦϞʔτ  41 BQJ7FSTJPOCBUDIW LJOE+PC NFUBEBUB OBNFCBDLVQQPTUHSFECQPTUHSFT TQFD CBDLP

    ff -JNJU QBSBMMFMJTN UFNQMBUF NFUBEBUB MBCFMT BQQCBDLVQQPTUHSFECQPTUHSFT TQFD SFTUBSU1PMJDZ0O'BJMVSF DPOUBJOFST OBNFSFTUJD JNBHFSFTUJDSFTUJD XPSLJOH%JSNOUEBUB DPNNBOE<SFTUJD CBDLVQ > FOW FOW'SPN TFDSFU3FG OBNFPCKFDUTUPSBHF WPMVNF.PVOUT NPVOU1BUINOUEBUB OBNFEBUB SFBE0OMZUSVF WPMVNFT Ϋϩʔϯର৅ͷ17$ OBNFEBUB QFSTJTUFOU7PMVNF$MBJN DMBJN/BNFCBDLVQQPTUHSFECQPTUHSFT DPOU ‣ +PCʹͯSFTUJDίϚϯυΛݺͼग़͠ 
 ΦϒδΣΫτετϨʔδ΁όοΫΞοϓ CBDLVQKPCZBNM
  42. Ϋϩʔϯ ϦϞʔτ  42 ‣ ΦϒδΣΫτετϨʔδ΁ͷ઀ଓ৘ใ͸4FDSFUʹͯઃఆ ‣ +PCΛ࣮ߦ͠Ϋϩʔϯ ϩʔΧϧ ͷσʔλΛΦϒδΣΫτετϨʔδ΁ίϐʔ

    LVCFDUMBQQMZGCBDLVQKPCZBNM KPCCBUDICBDLVQQPTUHSFECQPTUHSFTDSFBUFE LVCFDUMDSFBUFTFDSFUHFOFSJDPCKFDUTUPSBHFa GSPNMJUFSBM"[email protected]"$$&[email protected],&:@*%\0#[email protected]"$$&[email protected],&:^a GSPNMJUFSBM"[email protected]&$3&[email protected]"$$&[email protected],&:\0#[email protected]&$3&5^a GSPNMJUFSBM3&45*[email protected]&104*503:\0#[email protected]&104*503:^a GSPNMJUFSBM3&45*[email protected]"44803%\3&45*[email protected]"44803%^
  43. ςϯϙϥϦͷϦιʔεͷ࡟আ 43 ‣ ΦϒδΣΫτετϨʔδ΁ͷόοΫΞοϓͷͨΊʹςϯϙϥϦͰ࡞੒ͨ͠ 
 $MPOF ϩʔΧϧ ͷ17$17Λ࡟আ ‣ 310350ʹΑͬͯ͸࢒͓͍ͯͯ͠΋ྑ͍

    LVCFDUMEFMFUFQWDCBDLVQQPTUHSFECQPTUHSFT QFSTJTUFOUWPMVNFDMBJNCBDLVQQPTUHSFECQPTUHSFTEFMFUFE Ҏ্ͰόοΫΞοϓ׬ྃ
  44. ϦετΞ  44 ‣ 1PTUHSF42-ͷσʔλ͕յΕͯ͠·͍ىಈͰ͖ͳ͘ͳͬͨ৔߹Λ૝ఆ ‣ 1PTUHSF42-Λશͯ࡟আͨ͠·ͬ͞Βͳঢ়ଶ͔ΒϦετΞ ‣ ·ͣ͸ɺσʔλΛϦετΞઌͱͳΔ17$17Λ࡞੒ BQJ7FSTJPOW

    LJOE1FSTJTUFOU7PMVNF$MBJN NFUBEBUB OBNFQPTUHSFECQPTUHSFT TQFD TUPSBHF$MBTT/BNFTUBOEBSE BDDFTT.PEFT<3FBE8SJUF0ODF> SFTPVSDFT SFRVFTUT TUPSBHF(J LVCFDUMBQQMZGQPTUHSFTRMQWDZBNM QFSTJTUFOUWPMVNFDMBJNQPTUHSFECQPTUHSFTDSFBUFE QPTUHSFTRMQWDZBNM
  45. 5JQTۭͬΆͷ17$17Λ࡞੒ 45 ‣ 4UBUFGVM4FUͷWPMVNF$MBJN5FNQMBUFΛ࢖͍17$17Λ࡞੒͍ͯ͠Δ৔߹ 
 ໋໊نଇʹै͍17$ͷ.BOJGFTUTΛ༻ҙ͢Δͷ͕໘౗ ‣ ͦΜͳͱ͖͸ʜ ‣ Ұ࣌తʹWPMVNF.PVOUTΛίϝϯτΞ΢τ͠4UBUFGVM4FUΛσϓϩΠ

    ‣ 1PE͔Β͸Ϛ΢ϯτ͞Εͳ͍ۭͬΆͷ17$17͕ੜ੒ EJ ff VQPTUHSFPSHZBNMQPTUHSFZBNM ʜ WPMVNF.PVOUT OBNFQPTUHSFEC NPVOU1BUIWBSMJCQPTUHSFTRMEBUB WPMVNF.PVOUT OBNFQPTUHSFEC NPVOU1BUIWBSMJCQPTUHSFTRMEBUB
  46. ϦετΞ  46 7PMVNF QPTUHSFECQPTUHSFT 4UPSBHF 0CKFDU4UPSBHF SFTUJD ‣ ΦϒδΣΫτετϨʔδʹόοΫΞοϓ͞ΕͨσʔλΛ࡞੒ۭͨͬ͠Άͷ

    17$17΁ϦετΞ ‣ ΦϒδΣΫτετϨʔδ͔ΒͷϦετΞͰ͸SFTUJDίϚϯυΛར༻
  47. ϦετΞ  47 BQJ7FSTJPOCBUDIW LJOE+PC NFUBEBUB OBNFSFTUPSFQPTUHSFECQPTUHSFT TQFD CBDLP ff

    -JNJU QBSBMMFMJTN UFNQMBUF NFUBEBUB MBCFMT BQQSFTUPSFQPTUHSFECQPTUHSFT TQFD SFTUBSU1PMJDZ0O'BJMVSF DPOUBJOFST OBNFSFTUJD JNBHFSFTUJDSFTUJD XPSLJOH%JSNOUEBUB DPNNBOE<SFTUJD SFTUPSF MBUFTU UBSHFU> FOW FOW'SPN TFDSFU3FG OBNFPCKFDUTUPSBHF WPMVNF.PVOUT NPVOU1BUINOUEBUB OBNFEBUB WPMVNFT OBNFEBUB QFSTJTUFOU7PMVNF$MBJN DMBJN/BNFQPTUHSFECQPTUHSFT DPOU ‣ +PCʹͯSFTUJDίϚϯυΛݺͼग़͠ 
 ΦϒδΣΫτετϨʔδ͔ΒϦετΞ SFTUPSFKPCZBNM
  48. ϦετΞ  48 ‣ +PCΛ࣮ߦ͠ΦϒδΣΫτετϨʔδ͔ΒσʔλΛϦετΞ ‣ 1PTUHSF42-ͷ4UBUFGVM4FUΛσϓϩΠ͠1PEΛىಈ LVCFDUMBQQMZGSFTUPSFKPCZBNM KPCCBUDISFTUPSFQPTUHSFECQPTUHSFTDSFBUFE LVCFDUMBQQMZGQPTUHSFZBNM

    TUBUFGVMTFUBQQTQPTUHSFTDSFBUFE TFSWJDFQPTUHSFTDSFBUFE Ҏ্ͰϦετΞ׬ྃ ݕূ༻1PTUHSF42-ͷ.BOJGFTU͸"QQFOEJYΛࢀর ‣ ϦετΞ͸ఆظతͳ࣮ࢪ͕ϕλʔ όοΫΞοϓ͕յΕ͍ͯΔέʔεΛ༧๷
  49. ,VCFSOFUFT޲͚ όοΫΞοϓιϑτͷ঺հ

  50. ,4޲͚όοΫΞοϓιϑτ ‣ ,4ͷϦιʔε΍17্ͷσʔλͷόοΫΞοϓϦετΞΛߦ͏ιϑτ ‣ ֎෦ετϨʔδ ΦϒδΣΫτετϨʔδͳͲ ΁ͷόοΫΞοϓΛ࣮ݱ ‣ αʔόαΠυόοΫΞοϓ͕ओͰ͋ΓετϨʔδͷػೳʹґଘ͠ͳ͍ 

    ୠ͠ɺϊʔυͷ$16ϝϞϦ΍/PSUI4PVUIωοτϫʔΫͳͲͷϦιʔεΛ 
 ଟ͘ফඅ͢ΔͨΊαʔϏεதͷΞϓϦʹੑೳӨڹ͕͋ΔϦεΫ͋Γ  ಛੑΛཧղ͠׆༻͢Δͷ͕͓קΊ ‣ ,VCFSOFUFT޲͚ͷόοΫΞοϓιϑτͱͯ͠୅දతͳ044Λ঺հ  7FMFSP 7.XBSFࣾ   ,BOJTUFS ,BOJTUFSJP 50
  51. 7FMFSPͱ͸ ‣ )FQUJP͕ࣾ։ൃͨ͠,VCFSOFUFT༻ͷόοΫΞοϓιϑτ ‣ 7.XBSFࣾʹങऩޙ΋044ʹͯ։ൃ͞Ε͍ͯΔόοΫΞοϓιϑτ ‣ 7.XBSF5BO[VͷόοΫΞοϓϦετΞɺσʔλҠߦʹͯར༻ ‣ 17ͷσʔλ͚ͩͰͳ͘/BNFTQBDF഑ԼͷϦιʔεΛ 


    ؙ͝ͱόοΫΞοϓՄೳ ݕূϨϙʔτl,VCFSOFUFTͷϦιʔεɾ1FSTJTUFOU7PMVNFΛόοΫΞοϓ͢Δ7FMFSPͷݕূz 
 IUUQTRJJUBDPNZTBLBTIJUBJUFNTBCBEBDFDFB
  52. 7FMFSPͷΞʔΩςΫνϟ  ‣ 7FMFSPͷ#BDLVQ$POUSPMMFSʹͯόοΫΞοϓΛ࣮ࢪ 52 Ҿ༻ݩIUUQTWFMFSPJPEPDTWIPXWFMFSPXPSLT

  53. 7FMFSPͷΞʔΩςΫνϟ  ‣ ΞϓϦͷ੩ࢭԽղআͳͲ͸QSFIPPL QPTUIPPLͱͯ͠"OOPUBUJPOͰࢦఆ  ࣄલʹ4UBUFGVMΞϓϦͷ.BOJGFTUʹઃఆ͓ͯ͘͠ඞཁ͋Γ NFUBEBUB ʜ BOOPUBUJPOT

    QSFIPPLCBDLVQWFMFSPJPDPOUBJOFSGTGSFF[F QSFIPPLCBDLVQWFMFSPJPDPNNBOE<TCJOGTGSFF[F GSFF[F WBSMPHOHJOY> QPTUIPPLCBDLVQWFMFSPJPDPOUBJOFSGTGSFF[F QPTUIPPLCBDLVQWFMFSPJPDPNNBOE<TCJOGTGSFF[F VOGSFF[F WBSMPHOHJOY> TQFD DPOUBJOFST OBNFOHJOY JNBHFOHJOY ʜ QSFIPPL QPTUIPPLʹGTGSFF[FίϚϯυΛઃఆͨ͠ྫ
  54. 7FMFSPͷײ૝ ‣ 17ؔ܎ͳ͘/BNFTQBDF഑ԼͷϦιʔεΛؙ͝ͱόοΫΞοϓՄೳ ‣ ,VCFSOFUFTΫϥελͷ่յέʔε΍ΫϥελҠߦͳͲͷέʔε΁ͷରԠ ͕ڧΈ ‣ QSFIPPL QPTUIPPLͰෳࡶͳ͜ͱΛ΍Ζ͏ͱࢥͬͨ৔߹ɺεΫϦϓτ ͳͲΛ಺แͨ͠ίϯςφΠϝʔδΛผ్༻ҙ͢Δඞཁ͋Γ

     ϦετΞલͷॲཧ͸JOJUίϯςφΛ্ཱͪ͛Δඞཁ͋Γ ‣ (JU)VCͷϨϙδτϦʹ͸ΞϓϦຖͷQSFIPPLͳͲͷαϯϓϧ͕গͳ͍ 54 ஫ݸਓͷײ૝Ͱ͢
  55. ,BOJTUFSͱ͸ ‣ ,BOJTUFS͸ΞϓϦέʔγϣϯͷόοΫΞοϓʹڧ͍ϑϨʔϜϫʔΫΛఏڙ ‣ 7FFBNࣾͷ,BTUFO,ͷΞϓϦέʔγϣϯόοΫΞοϓͰ͸,BOJTUFS ͷ#MVFQSJOUΛར༻ ݕূϨϙʔτ,VCFSOFUFT/BUJWFͳόοΫΞοϓπʔϧ,BOJTUFSͷݕূz 
 IUUQTRJJUBDPNZTBLBTIJUBJUFNTFECGE

  56. ,BOJTUFSͷΞʔΩςΫνϟ ‣ #MVFQSJOUόοΫΞοϓϦετΞͰ࣮ߦ͢ΔίϚϯυ ੩ࢭԽͳͲ Λఆٛ ‣ "DUJPO4FUόοΫΞοϓϦετΞΛ࣮ߦ͢ΔλεΫ 56 Ҿ༻ݩIUUQTEPDTLBOJTUFSJPBSDIJUFDUVSFIUNM

  57. ,BOJTUFSͷײ૝ ‣ #MVFQSJOU͕,BOJTUFSͷΩϞ ‣ #MVFQSJOU͸֤ΞϓϦͷόοΫΞοϓͷϊ΢ϋ΢ͷմ  #MVFQSJOUͷ࡞੒͸ΞϓϦࣗମΛख़஌͍ͯ͠Δඞཁ͋Γ ‣ #MVFQSJOU͕͋Ε͹310ʹ͋Θͤͯ"DUJPO4FUΛઃఆ͢Δͷ͸༰қ 57

    ஫ݸਓͷײ૝Ͱ͢ ,BOJTUFS࣌఺Ͱఏڙ͞Ε͍ͯΔ#MVFQSJOUͷαϯϓϧ • "843%4 • $BTTBOESB • $PVDICBTF • &MBTUJDTFBSDI • FUDE • 'PVOEBUJPO%# • ,TTBOESB • .POHP%# • .POHP%#PO0QFO4IJGUVTJOH%FQMPZNFOU$PO fi H • .Z42- • .Z42-PO0QFO4IJGUVTJOH%FQMPZNFOU$PO fi H • 1PTUHSF42- • 1PTUHSF42-PO0QFO4IJGUVTJOH%FQMPZNFOU$PO fi H
  58. ·ͱΊ ‣ ҰൠతͳόοΫΞοϓͷઃܭʹ͍ͭͯΩϞͱͳΔϙΠϯτ΍ߟ͑ํΛղઆ ‣ 1PTUHSF42-Λྫʹ,VCFSOFUFTͷ17্ͷσʔλͷόοΫΞοϓํ๏Λ 4UFQCZ4UFQͰղઆ ‣ ,VCFSOFUFTͷόοΫΞοϓιϑτΛ঺հ  7FMFSP

     ,BOJTUFS ‣ όοΫΞοϓιϑτ͸͋͘·Ͱࢧԉπʔϧ ‣ σʔλͷՁ஋ʹԠͨ͡ద੾ͳόοΫΞοϓͰ΋͠΋ͷ࣌ͷඋ͑Λ 58
  59. "QQFOEJY ݕূ༻1PTUHSF42-ͷ.BOJGFTU BQJ7FSTJPOBQQTW LJOE4UBUFGVM4FU NFUBEBUB OBNFQPTUHSFT TQFD TFMFDUPS NBUDI-BCFMT BQQQPTUHSFT

    TFSWJDF/BNFQPTUHSFT SFQMJDBT UFNQMBUF NFUBEBUB MBCFMT BQQQPTUHSFT DPOU QPTUHSFZBNM WPMVNF$MBJN5FNQMBUFT NFUBEBUB OBNFQPTUHSFEC TQFD BDDFTT.PEFT<l3FBE8SJUF0ODF> TUPSBHF$MBTT/BNFTUBOEBSE SFTPVSDFT SFRVFTUT TUPSBHF(J  BQJ7FSTJPOW LJOE4FSWJDF NFUBEBUB OBNFQPTUHSFT TQFD QPSUT QPSU TFMFDUPS BQQQPTUHSFT TQFD DPOUBJOFST OBNFQPTUHSFT JNBHFQPTUHSFT QPSUT DPOUBJOFS1PSU FOW OBNF1045(3&[email protected]"44803% WBMVFQBTTXPSE OBNF1(%"5" WBMVFWBSMJCQPTUHSFTRMEBUBQHEBUB WPMVNF.PVOUT OBNFQPTUHSFEC NPVOU1BUIWBSMJCQPTUHSFTRMEBUB DPOU