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ステートフルアプリ on Kubernetesの現在と今後の展望

ステートフルアプリ on Kubernetesの現在と今後の展望

CloudNative Days Tokyo2021 (11/5)の発表資料です。

Yukinori Sakashita

November 05, 2021
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  1. εςʔτϑϧΞϓϦPO,VCFSOFUFTͷ

    ݱࡏͱࠓޙͷల๬
    ʙεςʔτϑϧͷۤखҙࣝΛਧͬඈ͹ͦ͏ʙ
    :VLJOPSJ4BLBTIJUB

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  2. ࣗݾ঺հ ‣ ٕज़ݚڀΤϦΞ
    ӡ༻؅ཧٕज़
    Ϋϥ΢υ
    αʔόετϨʔδ
    ࣗಈࣗ཯ίϯϐϡʔςΟϯά
    "*.- // ).. #BZFTJBO/FUXPSL

    ‣ ৬ྺ
    ೔ཱ੡࡞ॴ
    㾎தԝݚڀॴԣ඿ݚڀॴ ओ೚ݚڀһ

    㾎ւ֎ݚڀॴ!γϦίϯόϨʔ ϥϘ௕

    αʔόϕϯμʔ ςΫχΧϧ4&

    2
    ࡔԼ޾ಙ ത࢜

    :VLJOPSJ4BLBTIJUB 1I%

    ‣ ϠϑʔגࣜձࣾθοτϥϘגࣜձࣾ
    ‣ 4/*"೔ຊࢧ෦ٕज़ҕһձ෭ҕһ௕
    ݉Ϣʔεέʔε෼Պձ௕
    ‣ 4/*"5FDIOJDBM$PVODJM"EWJTPS

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  3. "HFOEB
    ,VCFSOFUFTʹ͓͚ΔετϨʔδͱεςʔτϑϧΞϓϦ
    εςʔτϑϧΞϓϦPO,VCFSOFUFTͷτϨΠϧϚοϓ
    ,VCFSOFUFTͷετϨʔδؔ࿈ͷಈ޲
    3

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  4. ,VCFSOFUFTʹ͓͚Δ

    ετϨʔδͱεςʔτϑϧΞϓϦ

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  5. εςʔτϑϧΞϓϦͷ෩ධ
    ‣ ೥ࠒ 7.ͷීٴ࢝Ί

    ʮ7.ͰεςʔτϑϧΞϓϦ %#
    Λಈ͔͢ͳΜͯ༗Γಘͳ͍ʯ
    ‣ ೥
    7.ͰεςʔτϑϧΞϓϦ͕࢖͑ͳ͍ͱ͍͏ਓ͸ɺ΄΅ډͳ͍
    ϕΞϝλϧPS7.Λཁ݅΍ӡ༻ํ਑ʹΑΓબ୒
    ‣ ҰํɺʮίϯςφͰεςʔτϑϧΞϓϦΛಈ͔͢ͳΜͯ༗Γಘͳ͍ʯ

    ʮίϯςφ͸εςʔτϑϧΞϓϦ͕ۤखʯͱࢥ͍ࠐΜͰ͍Δਓ͕ɺҙ֎ͱଟ͍

    ೉͍͠ɺෳࡶ
    ੑೳ͕ѱ͍ʁ
    5

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  6. εςʔτϑϧΞϓϦͷීٴঢ়گ
    6
    ग़య$/$'4637&: IUUQTXXXDODGJPXQDPOUFOUVQMPBET$/$'@4VSWFZ@3FQPSU@QEG

    ‣ ίϯςφʹ͓͚ΔεςʔτϑϧΞϓϦ͸طʹ͕ϓϩμΫγϣϯར༻
    ‣ ίϯςφ͕εςʔτϑϧΞϓϦ͕ۤखͱ͍͏࣌୅͸ऴΘͬͨ 88

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  7. ίϯςφରԠͷεςʔτϑϧΞϓϦ
    ‣ .Z42- 1PTUHSF42- $BTTBOESB 3FEJT
    ͳͲଟ͘ͷεςʔτϑϧΞϓϦ͸

    ίϯςφʹରԠ
    ‣ ,VCFSOFUFTͷϑϨʔϜϫʔΫΛ࢖ͬͨ
    0QFSBUPSͷొ࿥αΠτ 0QFSBUPS)VCJP

    ʹ΋εςʔτϑϧΞϓϦ͕ଟ͘ొ࿥
    7
    $BUFHPSJFT /VNCFSPG*UFNT
    "*.BDIJOF-FBSOJOH
    "QQMJDBUJPO3VOUJNF
    #JH%BUB
    $MPVE1SPWJEFS
    %BUBCBTF
    %FWFMPQFS5PPMT
    %SJWFSTBOEQMVHJOT
    *OUFHSBUJPO%FMJWFSZ
    -PHHJOH5SBDJOH
    .PEFSOJ[BUJPO.JHSBUJPO
    .POJUPSJOH
    /FUXPSLJOH
    0QFO4IJGU0QUJPOBM
    4FDVSJUZ
    4UPSBHF
    4USFBNJOH.FTTBHJOH
    0QFSBUSP)VCJPͷొ࿥਺ ࣌఺

    ΦϖʔϨʔλʹ͍ͭͯ͸ɺޙ΄Ͳ঺հ

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  8. ,VCFSOFUFTͷετϨʔδϞσϧ
    ‣ ,VCFSOFUFTͰ͸ετϨʔδΛந৅Խ
    ‣ ϕϯμʔχϡʔτϥϧͳϞσϧ
    1FSTJTUFOU7PMVNF$MBJN
    1FSTJTUFOU7PMVNF
    4UPSBHF$MBTT
    ‣ ετϨʔδͷਂ͍φϨοδͳ͘ѻ͑Δ

    Ϟσϧ
    ‣ ετϨʔδͷૢ࡞ͳ͠Ͱ7PMVNFΛ

    ίϯςφʹࣗಈͰϚ΢ϯτ
    8
    ར༻ऀ
    ؅ཧऀ

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  9. ίϯςφ·ͰͷϘϦϡʔϜͷύε
    σΟϨΫτϦ
    σόΠε
    EFWTEC

    EFWTEB
    ֎෦ετϨʔδ
    ಺ଂσΟεΫ
    ίϯςφ
    NOUEBUB
    WBSMJCLVCFMFUQPET1PEͷNFUBEBUBVJEWPMVNFTLVCFSOFUFTJPdDTJ17ͷNFUBEBUBOBNFNPVOU

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  10. ϕΞϝλϧɾίϯςφɾ7.ͷൺֱ
    ϕΞϝλϧ 7. Ծ૝σΟεΫ

    7. ύεεϧʔ

    ίϯςφ ,VCFSOFUFT

    %FWJDF'JMF
    'JMF4ZTUFN
    7.
    )ZQFSWJTPS
    7.
    )ZQFSWJTPS
    %FWJDF'JMF
    $POUBJOFS
    /PEF
    %FWJDF'JMF
    'JMF4ZTUFN
    7PM
    /PEF
    %FWJDF'JMF
    'JMF4ZTUFN
    "QQ
    'JMF4ZTUFN
    %FWJDF'JMF
    "QQ
    7PM 7PM 7PM
    7JSUVBM
    %*TL
    "QQ
    'JMF4ZTUFN
    "QQ
    %FWJDF'JMF
    ‣ ίϯςφPO7.ͷ৔߹͸ɺίϯςφͱ7.ͷೋ֊ݐͯ

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  11. ίϯςφͷੑೳʹؔ͢Δࢀߟ࿦จ
    ‣ *#."VTUJO3FTFBSDI-BCPSBUPSZͷ

    8FT'FMUFS "MFYBOESF'FSSFJSB 3BN3BKBNPOZ
    +VBO3VCJP͕ൃද
    ‣ l"O6QEBUFE1FSGPSNBODF$PNQBSJTPOPG7JSUVBM
    .BDIJOFTBOE-JOVY$POUBJOFSTz
    ‣ /BUJWF %PDLFS ,7.ͰͷϕϯνϚʔΫ݁ՌΛղઆ
    11
    ग़యɹIUUQTJFFFYQMPSFJFFFPSHEPDVNFOU

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  12. εςʔτϑϧΞϓϦͷӡ༻
    ‣ εςʔτϑϧΞϓϦͰ͸7.ɾίϯςφ ,VCFSOFUFT
    ʹؔΘΒͣ

    7PMVNFΛׂΓ౰ͯΔҎ֎ʹ΋ߟ͑ΔϙΠϯτ͋Γ
    γϟοτμ΢ϯ͢ΔલʹΩϟογϡ্ͷσʔλΛετϨʔδ΁

    ॻ͖ग़ͨ͢Ίʹ4ZOD 'MVTI
    ͕ඞཁ
    εςʔτϑϧΞϓϦʹΑͬͯ͸εέʔϧΞ΢τ΍όʔδϣϯΞοϓ࣌ʹɺ

    σʔλಉظ΍ϦετΞͷૢ࡞͕ඞཁ
    12
    ☝σʔλΛ࣋ͨͳ͍εςʔτϨεΞϓϦͰ͸ෆཁ

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  13. .Z42-ͷεέʔϧΞ΢τͷྲྀΕ
    13
    4PVSDF 3FQMJDB
    4PVSDF

    ৽͍͠.Z42-ͷ1PEΛ࡞੒
    /FX 4PVSDF

    όοΫΞοϓΛऔಘ
    /FX
    #BDLVQ
    -PH1PTJUJPO
    4PVSDF

    όοΫΞοϓΛΠϯϙʔτ
    /FX
    #BDLVQ
    -PH1PTJUJPO
    4PVSDF

    3FQMJDBͱͯ͠ىಈ
    3FQMJDB
    ࢀরܥ42-
    ߋ৽ܥ42-
    .Z42-$MJFOUT
    .Z42-Ϛϧνߏ੒ εέʔϧΞ΢τ࣌ͷ3FQMJDB૿ઃεςοϓ
    4UPSBHF

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  14. ,VCFSOFUFTͰͷ࣮ݱํ๏
    ‣ େ͖ͭ͘ͷύλʔϯ
    ‣ εΫϦϓτԽࣗ͠ಈԽ
    JOJU$POUBJOFS΍αΠυΧʔίϯςφͳͲͰεΫϦϓτΛ࣮ߦ˞
    εΫϦϓτΛ಺แ͠ɺࣄલ࣮ߦ͢ΔίϯςφΠϝʔδΛ࡞੒
    ‣ 3FDPODJMJBUJPO-PPQΛ׆༻ͨ͠0QFSBUPS ΧελϜϦιʔε

    ΧελϜίϯτϩʔϥ
    ʹΑΔࣗ཯؅ཧ
    14
    3FDPODJMJBUJPO

    -PPQ
    ؂ࢹ
    ࠩ෼நग़
    ߋ৽
    ˞ࢀߟ৘ใɹ

    IUUQTLVCFSOFUFTJPKBEPDTUBTLTSVOBQQMJDBUJPOSVOSFQMJDBUFETUBUFGVMBQQMJDBUJPO

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  15. ࣗ཯؅ཧͱ͸
    15
    ‣ ೥ॳ಄ʹ*#.͔ࣾΒࣗ཯ίϯϐϡʔςΟϯάͷ֓೦͕ఏএ
    ‣ ͦͷޙɺࣗ཯ίϯϐϡʔςΟϯάͷ؅ཧํ๏ͱͯࣗ͠཯؅ཧ͕ొ৔
    ‣ ࣗ཯ίϯϐϡʔςΟϯά͸ɺਓؒͷࣗ཯ਆܦͷΑ͏ʹίϯϐϡʔλ͕ࣗ཯తʹ

    ࣗݾ؅ཧΛߦ͏ߟ͑ํ
    ࣗݾߏ੒ 4FMG$PO
    fi
    HVSJOH
    ɺࣗݾम෮ 4FMG)FBMJOH
    ɺ

    ࣗݾ࠷దԽ 4FMG0QUJNJ[JOH
    ɺࣗݾ๷Ӵ 4FMG1SPUFDUJOH

    ‣ ࣗ཯؅ཧ͸,OPXMFEHFΛ֩ʹ

    .POJUPSˠ"OBMZ[Fˠ1MBOˠ&YFDVUFͷϧʔϓʹΑΓ؅ཧ
    ग़య
    +F
    ff
    SFZ0,FQIBSUBOE%FWJE.$IFTT5IF7JTJPOPG"VUPOPNJD$PNQVUJOH *&&&$PNQVUFS4PDJFUZ QQr

    (-BOGSBODIJ 1%1FSVUB "1FSSPOFBOE%$BMWBOFTF5PXBSEB/FX-BOETDBQFPG4ZTUFNT.BOBHFNFOUJOBO"VUPOPNJD$PNQVUJOH&OWJSPONFOU *#.4:45&.4+063/"- 7PM /P QQr

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  16. ϓϩηεͷՔಇ཰
    .5#' ฏۉނোִؒ

    .553 ฏۉम෮࣌ؒ

    Քಇ཰Քಇ࣌ؒͷ૯࿨શମ࣌ؒ.5#' .5#'.553

    Քಇ࣌ؒ ఀࢭ࣌ؒ
    Քಇ࣌ؒ
    ఀࢭ

    Քಇ࣌ؒ
    ఀࢭ

    Քಇ࣌ؒ
    ఀࢭ

    ʜ Քಇ࣌ؒ
    ఀࢭ

    Քಇ࣌ؒ
    ఀࢭ

    ύλʔϯ೥ؒͷՔಇ཰ɹ .5#'࣌ؒ .553࣌ؒ

    ೥ؒ࣌ؒ ೔࣌ؒ

    ύλʔϯ೥ؒͷՔಇ཰ .5#'࣌ؒ .553࣌ؒ ෼


    ‣ ίϯςφ΍,VCFSOFUFT͸.553Λ୹͘͢Δͷʹ༗ޮͳٕज़
    ‣ ಉ͡Քಇ཰Ͱ΋ύλʔϯ͸͋Γ
    ఀࢭ࣌ؒ͸ো֐͚ͩͰͳ͘

    εέʔϧมߋɾόʔδϣϯΞοϓͳͲͷܭըతͳఀࢭ΋ؚΉ

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  17. εςʔτϑϧΞϓϦPO,VCFSOFUFT
    τϨΠϧϚοϓ

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  18. τϨΠϧϚοϓ
    18
    ϑΝΠϧڞ༗
    όοΫΞοϓ
    γϯάϧߏ੒ͷεςʔτϑϧΞϓϦ
    Ϛϧνߏ੒ͷεςʔτϑϧΞϓϦ
    0QFSBUPS։ൃʹΑΔࣗ཯؅ཧ
    1. File sharing
    2. Backup
    3. Stateful App(Single)
    4. Stateful App(Multi)
    5. Developing


    Operator


    for Autonomous


    Management

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  19. ϑΝΠϧڞ༗
    19
    ‣ ·ͣ͸17$17ʹ׳ΕΑ͏
    ‣ 17$17Λ࢖ͬͯ1PEؒͰϑΝΠϧΛڞ༗
    ྫಉछΞϓϦͰͷϑΝΠϧڞ༗ ྫҟछΞϓϦͰͷϑΝΠϧڞ༗ ྫ։ൃɾσόοΫ༻ͷϑΝΠϧஔ͖৔
    8FC4FSWFS 8FC4FSWFS
    ը૾ɾಈըɾ
    ੩తίϯςϯπFUD
    Ϟσϧσʔλ
    .-5SBJOJOH .-4FSWJOH
    3 3FBE
    8 8SJUF
    38
    38
    8 3
    6CVOUV Ұ࣌తͳ1PE

    γΣϧΤσΟλઃఆϑΝΠϧɺ

    CBTISD WJNSDFUD

    σόοΫ༻πʔϧεΫϦϓτͳͲ
    17$17͸࡟আͤͣ࢖͍ճ͠

    View full-size slide

  20. όοΫΞοϓ
    20
    ‣ σʔλΛόοΫΞοϓ͢Δํ๏Λ஌Γɺো֐࣌ͳͲͷσʔλϩετʹඋ͑Δ
    ‣ 7PMVNF4OBQTIPU 7PMVNF$MPOJOHͳͲͷ࢖͍ํͱಛੑΛཧղ
    ‣ ετϨʔδᝑମ֎΁ͷόοΫΞοϓͱόοΫΞοϓπʔϧΛཧղ
    ࠩ෼σʔλ
    ࠩ෼σʔλ
    ετϨʔδ#

    ΦϒδΣΫτετϨʔδͳͲ

    ετϨʔδ"
    $MPOJOH
    4OBQTIPU
    4OBQTIPU
    3FTUPSF
    #BDLVQ
    ,BOJTUFS
    <ࢀߟ৘ใ>
    l1FSTJTUFOU7PMVNFͷҰาਐΜͩ࢖͍ํz $/%5


    IUUQTTQFBLFSEFDLDPNZTBLBTIJUBQFSTJTUFOUWPMVNFGBMTFCVKJOOEBTIJJGBOH
    l,VCFSOFUFTͷϦιʔεɾ1FSTJTUFOU7PMVNFΛόοΫΞοϓ͢Δ7FMFSPͷݕূz

    IUUQTRJJUBDPNZTBLBTIJUBJUFNTBCBEBDFDFB
    l,VCFSOFUFT/BUJWFͳόοΫΞοϓπʔϧ,BOJTUFSͷݕূz

    IUUQTRJJUBDPNZTBLBTIJUBJUFNTFECGE

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  21. γϯάϧߏ੒ͷεςʔτϑϧΞϓϦ
    21
    ‣ γϯάϧߏ੒ͷεςʔτϑϧΞϓϦͷڍಈΛ೺Ѳ͢Δ
    ‣ ΞϓϦͷઃఆํ๏ɺͲͷσʔλΛ17$17Λ࢖ͬͯӬଓԽ͢΂͖͔Λཧղ͠ઃܭ

    ΞϓϦຖʹҟͳΔͨΊɺର৅ΞϓϦͷ஌͕ࣝඞཁ

    ྫγϯάϧߏ੒ͷσʔλϕʔε

    View full-size slide

  22. Ϛϧνߏ੒ͷεςʔτϑϧΞϓϦ
    ྫϚϧνߏ੒ͷσʔλϕʔε
    ‣ εέʔϧΞ΢τՄೳͳεςʔτϑϧΞϓϦΛ࣮ݱ͢Δ
    ‣ ΞϓϦຖʹҟͳΔσʔλಉظͷઃఆखॱɾํࣜɾಛੑͳͲΛཧղ͠ઃܭ

    0QFSBUPS΍)FMN౳Ͱ༰қʹߏஙͰ͖Δέʔε΋͋Δ͕ɺӡ༻͢ΔͨΊʹ͸ํࣜɾಛੑͳͲͷཧղ͸ඞཁ

    TPVSDF SFQMJDB SFQMJDB
    ɾɾɾ

    View full-size slide

  23. 0QFSBUPS։ൃʹΑΔࣗ཯؅ཧ
    23
    TPVSDF SFQMJDB SFQMJDB
    ɾɾɾ
    Controller
    ‣ ࣗ૊৫ͷӡ༻खॱ΍ϊ΢ϋ΢Λ0QFSBUPS΁࣮૷
    ‣ 0QFSBUPSʹΑΔࣗ཯ӡ༻ԽΛߦ͍ɺ؅ཧෛՙͷܰݮ΍ϊ΢ϋ΢ͷଐਓԽΛ࡟ݮ
    ྫ0QFSBUPSʹΑΔϚϧνߏ੒ͷσʔλϕʔε؅ཧ
    0QFSBUPS
    Ϛϧνߏ੒ͷσʔλϕʔε
    ؅ཧ
    ࣗ཯

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  24. ,VCFSOFUFTͷ

    ετϨʔδؔ࿈ͷಈ޲

    View full-size slide

  25. ண໨͍ͯ͠Δಈ޲
    25
    ‣ *P5ͳͲͷ&EHF؀ڥ޲͚ͷετϨʔδ
    ‣ ΞϓϦ࿈ܞͷόοΫΞοϓ

    View full-size slide

  26. &EHF؀ڥ޲͚ͷετϨʔδ
    26
    ‣ 4%4 4PGUXBSF%F
    fi
    OFE4UPSBHF
    ΛίϯςφԽ͠ɺ,VCFSOFUFT্Ͱ

    ಈ࡞ͤ͞Δ,VCFSOFUFT/BUJWF4UPSBHF͕ීٴ

    FH3PPL $FQI
    -POHIPSO 0QFOͳͲ

    ‣ ,VCFSOFUFT/BUJWF4UPSBHF͕ଓʑͱBSNରԠ

    FH-POHIPSOW ,4ରԠ BSN
    `
    0QFOW BSNରԠ `
    3PPL $FQI
    W `


    ‣ 3BTQCFSSZ1JͳͲখܕͷίϯϐϡʔλͰ΋ಈ࡞Մೳ
    ‣ *P5ͳͲ&EHFଆͰσʔλॲཧΛߦ͍͍ͨ৔߹ʹ΋׆༻Ͱ͖ΔΑ͏ʹͳΓ

    Ϣʔεέʔε͕޿͕Δ͜ͱΛظ଴

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  27. ΞϓϦ࿈ܞͷόοΫΞοϓ
    27
    ‣ ʹઃཱ͞Εͨ4*(4UPSBHF͔Β೿ੜ͠%BUB1SPUFDUJPO8(͕஀ੜ
    ‣ ΞϓϦࢹ఺ͰͷόοΫΞοϓʹ͍ͭͯٞ࿦
    6T
    6TFS
    TUBSUT
    CBDLVQ
    ,4
    3FTPVSDF#BDLVQ
    %BUB
    #BDLVQ
    "QQMJDBUJPO/BUJWF
    %BUB%VNQ
    &YQPSU
    #BDLVQ
    /BUJWF
    $POUSPMMFS
    $PPSEJOBUFE
    2VJFTDF
    7PMVNF
    4OBQTIPU

    PS#BDLVQ
    :FT
    /P
    5ZQJDBM"QQ#BDLVQ8PSL
    fl
    PX
    6ORVJFTDF
    5ZQJDBM"QQ3FTUPSF8PSL
    fl
    PX
    6T
    6TFS
    TUBSUT
    SFTUPSF
    *NQPSU
    #BDLVQ
    ,4
    3FTPVSDF
    3FTUPSF
    17$17
    3FTUPSF
    3FTUPSFGSPN
    OBUJWFEBUB
    EVNQ
    3FIZESBUF17$GSPN
    7PMVNF4OBQTIPU
    7PMVNF#BDLVQ
    /BUJWF
    :FT
    /P
    ग़య,VCF$PO$MPVE/BUJWF$PO&VSPQF7JSUVBM

    l,VCFSOFUFT%BUB1SPUFDUJPO8(*OUSPBOE%FFQ%JWFz

    IUUQTLDDODFVTDIFEDPNFWFOUJ&/

    View full-size slide

  28. ,4ίϯϙʔωϯτ #BDLVQʣ
    28
    %BUB
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  29. ,4ίϯϙʔωϯτ 3FTUPSFʣ
    29
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  30. ఏҊதͷ,&1
    30
    ‣ 4UBUFGVM"QQMJDBUJPO%BUB.BOBHFNFOU"1* ,&1

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  31. ,&1લͷσΟεΧογϣϯ߲໨
    31
    ‣ 7PMVNF#BDLVQ
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  32. ·ͱΊ
    32
    ‣ ίϯςφ͸εςʔτϑϧΞϓϦ͕ۤख
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    ɹ
    ‣ ίϯςφͰεςʔτϑϧΞϓϦΛಈ͔͢ͷ͸/(Ͱ͸ͳ͘ɺ

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    ‣ ࣍ͷεςʔδʹ޲͚ɺ,VCFSOFUFTͷετϨʔδؔ࿈ͷಈ޲Λ঺հ

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