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VM時代からコンテナ時代へストレージ管理の移り変わり

 VM時代からコンテナ時代へストレージ管理の移り変わり

InfraStudy 2nd #2 の発表資料です

17d762ae166e66cab39e9b2e3df7d198?s=128

Yukinori Sakashita

June 11, 2021
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  1. 7.࣌୅͔Βίϯςφ࣌୅΁ ετϨʔδ؅ཧͷҠΓมΘΓ :VLJOPSJ4BLBTIJUB

  2. ࣗݾ঺հ ‣ٕज़ݚڀΤϦΞ  ӡ༻؅ཧٕज़  Ϋϥ΢υ  αʔόετϨʔδ  ࣗಈࣗ཯ίϯϐϡʔςΟϯά

     "*.- // ).. #BZFTJBO/FUXPSL  ‣৬ྺ  ೔ཱ੡࡞ॴ 㾎தԝݚڀॴԣ඿ݚڀॴ ओ೚ݚڀһ  㾎ւ֎ݚڀॴ!γϦίϯόϨʔ ϥϘ௕   αʔόϕϯμʔ ςΫχΧϧ4& 2 ࡔԼ޾ಙ ത࢜  :VLJOPSJ4BLBTIJUB 1I% ‣ ϠϑʔגࣜձࣾθοτϥϘגࣜձࣾ ‣ 4/*"೔ຊࢧ෦ٕज़ҕһձ෭ҕһ௕ ‣ 4/*"5FDIOJDBM$PVODJM"EWJTPS
  3. "HFOEB  ͸͡Ίʹ  ίϯςφԽ͞ΕͨεςʔτϑϧΞϓϦͷීٴঢ়گ  ετϨʔδͱεςʔτϑϧΞϓϦͷӡ༻  ϕΞϝλϧɾίϯςφɾ7.ͷΞʔΩςΫνϟ 

    ίϯςφɾ,VCFSOFUFTͷετϨʔδಈ޲  ·ͱΊ 3
  4. 7.࣌୅ͷεςʔτϑϧΞϓϦ ‣ ೥7.XBSFW4QIFSF͕ϦϦʔεɺҰؾʹ7.ར༻͕Ճ଎ ‣ ͔͠͠ɺ౰࣌ʮ7.ͰεςʔτϑϧΞϓϦ %# Λಈ͔͢ͳΜͯ༗Γಘͳ͍ʯ ͱͷίϝϯτ͕ଟ͔ͬͨ  ੑೳ໰୊ɺ7.΁ͷཧղෆ଍ɺࣄྫͷগͳ͞ɺ෩ධ౳

    ‣ ೥ڧ͕ա͗ͨ೥ͷঢ়گ ‣ 7.ͰεςʔτϑϧΞϓϦ͕࢖͑ͳ͍ͱ͍͏ਓ͸ɺ΄΅ډͳ͘ͳͬͨ  7.PSϕΞϝλϧͷબ୒ࢶ͕ੜ·ΕͨͱݟΔਓ͕ଟ͍ 4
  5. ίϯςφ࣌୅ͷεςʔτϑϧΞϓϦ ‣ ೥ࠒ͔Βίϯςφ͕ීٴ͠ɺ೥ʑਐԽ͢Δ$MPVE/BUJWF ίϯςφ࣌୅  ‣ ʮίϯςφͰεςʔτϑϧΞϓϦΛಈ͔͢ͳΜͯ༗Γಘͳ͍ʯ ʮίϯςφ͸εςʔτϑϧΞϓϦ͕ۤखʯͱࢥ͍ࠐΜͰ͍Δਓ͕ɺҙ֎ͱଟ͍  

    ੑೳ ӡ༻͕೉͍͠ ࣄྫ͕গͳ͍ ෩ධ  ‣ ʮίϯςφ͸εςʔτϑϧΞϓϦ͕ۤखʯͬͯϗϯτʁ ‣ Ҏ߱ɺ7.ͱൺ΂ͳ͕Βʮίϯςφ͸εςʔϑϧΞϓϦ͕ۤखʯͳͷ͔Λਂ۷Γ 5
  6. ίϯςφԽ͞Εͨ εςʔτϑϧΞϓϦͷීٴঢ়گ

  7. εςʔτϑϧΞϓϦͷීٴঢ়گ 7 ग़య$/$'4637&: IUUQTXXXDODGJPXQDPOUFOUVQMPBET$/$'@4VSWFZ@3FQPSU@QEG ‣ ίϯςφʹ͓͚ΔεςʔτϑϧΞϓϦ͸طʹ͕ϓϩμΫγϣϯར༻ ‣ ίϯςφ͕εςʔτϑϧΞϓϦ͕ۤखͱ͍͏࣌୅͸ऴΘͬͨ 88

  8. ίϯςφରԠͷεςʔτϑϧΞϓϦ ‣ .Z42- 1PTUHSF42- $BTTBOESB  .POHP%#ͳͲଟ͘ͷεςʔτϑϧΞϓϦ͸ طʹίϯςφʹରԠ ‣ ,VCFSOFUFTͷϑϨʔϜϫʔΫΛ׆༻͠ӡ༻

    ࣗಈԽΛ໨ࢦ͢ΦϖϨʔλ ͷαΠτ 0QFSBUPS)VCJP ʹ΋ εςʔτϑϧΞϓϦ͕ଟ͘ొ࿥ 8 $BUFHPSJFT /VNCFSPG*UFNT "*.BDIJOF-FBSOJOH  "QQMJDBUJPO3VOUJNF  #JH%BUB  $MPVE1SPWJEFS  %BUBCBTF  %FWFMPQFS5PPMT  %SJWFSTBOEQMVHJOT  *OUFHSBUJPO%FMJWFSZ  -PHHJOH5SBDJOH  .POJUPSJOH  /FUXPSLJOH  0QFO4IJGU0QUJPOBM  4FDVSJUZ  4UPSBHF  4USFBNJOH.FTTBHJOH  0QFSBUSP)VCJPͷొ࿥਺ ࣌఺ ΦϖʔϨʔλʹ͍ͭͯ͸ɺޙ΄Ͳ঺հ
  9. ࣄྫͷଟ͞ ‣ εςʔτϑϧΞϓϦΛ7.΍ίϯςφ޲͚ʹηοτΞοϓ͢Δࡍɺ ·ͣ͸ݕࡧͯ͠ࣄྫΛ୳͢ਓ͸ଟ͍  ‣ ܭଌ͸͓ͯ͠Βͣݸਓͷҹ৅Ͱ͕͢ ࣄྫͷଟ͞  7.ίϯςφ

    ‣ ೔ຊͷࣄྫ΋ग़࢝Ί͍ͯΔ͕ɺ·ͩ·ͩ7.ʹ͸ٴ͹ͣ ೥࣌఺ 9
  10. ετϨʔδͱ εςʔτϑϧΞϓϦͷӡ༻

  11. ,VCFSOFUFTͷετϨʔδϞσϧ ‣ ϕϯμʔχϡʔτϥϧͳϞσϧ  1FSTJTUFOU7PMVNF$MBJN  1FSTJTUFOU7PMVNF  4UPSBHF$MBTT ‣

    ؅ཧऀͱϢʔβͷ໾ׂΛߟྀͨ͠Ϟσϧ ‣ ετϨʔδ૷ஔͷૢ࡞ͳ͠Ͱ7PMVNFΛ ίϯςφʹࣗಈͰϚ΢ϯτ ‣ ओʹϒϩοΫετϨʔδϑΝΠϧ ετϨʔδ͕ର৅ 11 Ϣʔβ ؅ཧऀ
  12. ,VCFSOFUFTͰͷ7PMϚ΢ϯτ 12 ʜ TQFD DPOUBJOFST OBNFNZTRM JNBHFNZTRM ʜ WPMVNF.PVOUT OBNFNZTRMEBUB

    NPVOU1BUIWBSMJCNZTRM WPMVNF$MBJN5FNQMBUFT NFUBEBUB OBNFNZTRMEBUB TQFD BDDFTT.PEFT<3FBE8SJUF0ODF> TUPSBHF$MBTT/BNFHPME SFTPVSDFT SFRVFTUT TUPSBHF(J %FQMPZ
  13. ,VCFSOFUFTͰͷ7PMϚ΢ϯτ 13 ʜ TQFD DPOUBJOFST OBNFNZTRM JNBHFNZTRM ʜ WPMVNF.PVOUT OBNFNZTRMEBUB

    NPVOU1BUIWBSMJCNZTRM WPMVNF$MBJN5FNQMBUFT NFUBEBUB OBNFNZTRMEBUB TQFD BDDFTT.PEFT<3FBE8SJUF0ODF> TUPSBHF$MBTT/BNFHPME SFTPVSDFT SFRVFTUT TUPSBHF(J $SFBUF17$
  14. ,VCFSOFUFTͰͷ7PMϚ΢ϯτ 14 ʜ TQFD DPOUBJOFST OBNFNZTRM JNBHFNZTRM ʜ WPMVNF.PVOUT OBNFNZTRMEBUB

    NPVOU1BUIWBSMJCNZTRM WPMVNF$MBJN5FNQMBUFT NFUBEBUB OBNFNZTRMEBUB TQFD BDDFTT.PEFT<3FBE8SJUF0ODF> TUPSBHF$MBTT/BNFHPME SFTPVSDFT SFRVFTUT TUPSBHF(J 4FMFDU4$
  15. ,VCFSOFUFTͰͷ7PMϚ΢ϯτ 15 ʜ TQFD DPOUBJOFST OBNFNZTRM JNBHFNZTRM ʜ WPMVNF.PVOUT OBNFNZTRMEBUB

    NPVOU1BUIWBSMJCNZTRM WPMVNF$MBJN5FNQMBUFT NFUBEBUB OBNFNZTRMEBUB TQFD BDDFTT.PEFT<3FBE8SJUF0ODF> TUPSBHF$MBTT/BNFHPME SFTPVSDFT SFRVFTUT TUPSBHF(J Storage $SFBUF7PMVNF QSPWJTJPOFS $4*DPOUSPMMFSͷಈ͖͸ׂѪ
  16. ,VCFSOFUFTͰͷ7PMϚ΢ϯτ 16 ʜ TQFD DPOUBJOFST OBNFNZTRM JNBHFNZTRM ʜ WPMVNF.PVOUT OBNFNZTRMEBUB

    NPVOU1BUIWBSMJCNZTRM WPMVNF$MBJN5FNQMBUFT NFUBEBUB OBNFNZTRMEBUB TQFD BDDFTT.PEFT<3FBE8SJUF0ODF> TUPSBHF$MBTT/BNFHPME SFTPVSDFT SFRVFTUT TUPSBHF(J Storage OS "TTJHO $SFBUF 17
  17. ,VCFSOFUFTͰͷ7PMϚ΢ϯτ 17 ʜ TQFD DPOUBJOFST OBNFNZTRM JNBHFNZTRM ʜ WPMVNF.PVOUT OBNFNZTRMEBUB

    NPVOU1BUIWBSMJCNZTRM WPMVNF$MBJN5FNQMBUFT NFUBEBUB OBNFNZTRMEBUB TQFD BDDFTT.PEFT<3FBE8SJUF0ODF> TUPSBHF$MBTT/BNFHPME SFTPVSDFT SFRVFTUT TUPSBHF(J Storage OS Container Runtime Container .PVOU ɹ17
  18. 7PM࡞੒͔ΒϚ΢ϯτ·Ͱͷൺֱ ‣ 7.ɿ7PM࡞੒ɺ7.΁ׂΓ౰ͯɺϚ΢ϯτΛ࣮ߦ ‣ ,VCFSOFUFT7PM࡞੒͔ΒΞϓϦͷσΟϨΫτϦ΁ͷϚ΢ϯτ·ͰΛҰׅ࣮ߦ 18 ʜ TQFD DPOUBJOFST OBNFNZTRM

    JNBHFNZTRM ʜ WPMVNF.PVOUT OBNFNZTRMEBUB NPVOU1BUIWBSMJCNZTRM WPMVNF$MBJN5FNQMBUFT NFUBEBUB OBNFNZTRMEBUB TQFD BDDFTT.PEFT<3FBE8SJUF0ODF> TUPSBHF$MBTT/BNFHPME SFTPVSDFT SFRVFTUT TUPSBHF(J Storage OS Container Runtime (App) Container Storage HV VM App $JOEFS $4*
  19. εςʔτϑϧΞϓϦͷӡ༻ ‣ 7.ɾ,VCFSOFUFTڞʹΞϓϦʹ7PMVNFΛׂΓ౰ͯΔ·Ͱ ‣ εςʔτϑϧΞϓϦͰ͸7.ɾίϯςφ ,VCFSOFUFT ʹؔΘΒͣ 7PMVNFΛׂΓ౰ͯΔҎ֎ʹ΋ߟ͑ΔϙΠϯτ͋Γ  γϟοτμ΢ϯ͢ΔલʹΩϟογϡ্ͷσʔλΛετϨʔδ΁

    ॻ͖ग़ͨ͢Ίʹ4ZOD 'MVTI ͕ඞཁ  εςʔτϑϧΞϓϦʹΑͬͯ͸εέʔϧΞ΢τ΍όʔδϣϯΞοϓ࣌ʹɺ σʔλಉظ΍ϦετΞͷૢ࡞͕ඞཁ 19 ☝σʔλΛ࣋ͨͳ͍εςʔτϨεΞϓϦͰ͸ෆཁ
  20. .Z42-ͷεέʔϧΞ΢τͷྲྀΕ 20 4PVSDF 3FQMJDB 4PVSDF  ৽͍͠.Z42-ͷ1PEΛ࡞੒ /FX 4PVSDF 

    όοΫΞοϓΛऔಘ /FX #BDLVQ -PH1PTJUJPO 4PVSDF  όοΫΞοϓΛΠϯϙʔτ /FX #BDLVQ -PH1PTJUJPO 4PVSDF  3FQMJDBͱͯ͠ىಈ 3FQMJDB ࢀরܥ42- ߋ৽ܥ42- .Z42-$MJFOUT .Z42-Ϛϧνߏ੒ εέʔϧΞ΢τ࣌ͷ3FQMJDB૿ઃεςοϓ 4UPSBHF
  21. σʔλಉظͷࣗಈԽͷํ๏ 21 7. ,VCFSOFUFT ؅ཧऀͷ खಈ࣮ߦ εΫϦϓτʹ ΑΔࣗಈ࣮ߦ ΦϖϨʔλʹ ΑΔࣗಈ࣮ߦ

    ‣ 7.΍,VCFSNFUFTͰ͸εΫϦϓτͳͲΛ ࣮ߦ͠σʔλಉظΛߦ͏ͷ͕ϕʔγοΫͳ ΍Γํ˞  ‣ ,VCFSOFUFTͷΤίεεςϜͰ͸ 3FDPODJMJBUJPO-PPQΛ׆༻͠ӡ༻ࣗಈԽ Λ໨ࢦ͢ΦϖϨʔλ͕ଓʑͱొ৔த˞  3FDPODJMJBUJPO -PPQ ؂ࢹ ࠩ෼நग़ ߋ৽ ˞IUUQTLVCFSOFUFTJPKBEPDTUBTLTSVOBQQMJDBUJPOSVOSFQMJDBUFETUBUFGVMBQQMJDBUJPO ˞IUUQTPQFSBUPSIVCJP දσʔλಉظॲཧͷ࣮ߦํ๏ $MPVE/BUJWFXBZ
  22. $MPVE/BUJWFͳӡ༻ͱ͸ʁ 22 Ϋϥ΢υωΠςΟϒٕज़͸ɺύϒϦοΫΫϥ΢υɺϓϥΠϕʔτΫϥ΢υɺϋΠϒϦουΫϥ΢υͳͲͷ
 ۙ୅తͰμΠφϛοΫͳ؀ڥʹ͓͍ͯɺεέʔϥϒϧͳΞϓϦέʔγϣϯΛߏங͓Αͼ
 ࣮ߦ͢ΔͨΊͷೳྗΛ૊৫ʹ΋ͨΒ͠·͢ɻ ͜ͷΞϓϩʔνͷ୅දྫʹɺίϯςφɺαʔϏεϝογϡɺϚΠΫϩαʔϏεɺ
 ΠϛϡʔλϒϧΠϯϑϥετϥΫνϟɺ͓ΑͼએݴܕAPI͕͋Γ·͢ɻ ͜ΕΒͷख๏ʹΑΓɺճ෮ੑɺ؅ཧྗɺ͓ΑͼՄ؍ଌੑͷ͋Δૄ݁߹γεςϜ͕࣮ݱ͠·͢ɻ
 ͜ΕΒΛݎ࿚ͳࣗಈԽͱ૊Έ߹ΘͤΔ͜ͱͰɺΤϯδχΞ͸ΠϯύΫτͷ͋ΔมߋΛ࠷খݶͷ࿑ྗͰ
 සൟ͔ͭ༧ଌͲ͓Γʹߦ͏͜ͱ͕Ͱ͖·͢ɻ

    ग़య$/$'$MPVE/BUJWF%FpOJUJPOW
  23. ϓϩηεͷՔಇ཰ .5#' ฏۉނোִؒ  .553 ฏۉमཧ࣌ؒ  Քಇ཰Քಇ࣌ؒͷ૯࿨શମ࣌ؒ.5#' .5#' .553

    Քಇ࣌ؒ ఀࢭ࣌ؒ Քಇ࣌ؒ ఀࢭ ෼ Քಇ࣌ؒ ఀࢭ ෼ Քಇ࣌ؒ ఀࢭ ෼ ʜ Քಇ࣌ؒ ఀࢭ ෼ Քಇ࣌ؒ ఀࢭ ෼ ύλʔϯ೥ؒͷՔಇ཰ɹ .5#'࣌ؒ .553࣌ؒ ೥ؒ࣌ؒ ೔ ࣌ؒ ύλʔϯ೥ؒͷՔಇ཰ .5#'࣌ؒ .553࣌ؒ ෼  ‣ ίϯςφ΍,VCFSOFUFT͸.553Λ୹͘͢Δͷʹ༗ޮͳٕज़ ‣ ಉ͡Քಇ཰Ͱ΋ύλʔϯ͸͋Γ ఀࢭ࣌ؒ͸ো֐͚ͩͰͳ͘ εέʔϧมߋɾόʔδϣϯΞοϓͳͲͷܭըతͳఀࢭ΋ؚΉ
  24. ϕΞϝλϧɾίϯςφɾ7.ͷ ΞʔΩςΫνϟ ετϨʔδؔ࿈

  25. ίϯςφ޲͚ͷετϨʔδ͸ෳࡶʁ ‣ ίϯςφ޲͚ͷετϨʔδ͸Կ͔Α͘Θ͔Βͳ͍͚Ͳෳࡶ ‣ ίϯςφͰετϨʔδΛར༻͢Δͱੑೳ͕஗͍

  26. ίϯςφ·ͰͷϘϦϡʔϜͷύε σΟϨΫτϦ σόΠε EFWTEC  EFWTEB ֎෦ετϨʔδ ಺ଂσΟεΫ ίϯςφ NOUEBUB

    WBSMJCLVCFMFUQPET1PEͷNFUBEBUBVJEWPMVNFTLVCFSOFUFTJPdDTJ17ͷNFUBEBUBOBNFNPVOU
  27. ϕΞϝλϧɾίϯςφɾ7.ͷൺֱ ϕΞϝλϧ 7. Ծ૝σΟεΫ 7. ύεεϧʔ ίϯςφ ,VCFSOFUFT %FWJDF'JMF 'JMF4ZTUFN

    7. )ZQFSWJTPS 7. )ZQFSWJTPS %FWJDF'JMF $POUBJOFS /PEF %FWJDF'JMF 'JMF4ZTUFN 7PM /PEF %FWJDF'JMF 'JMF4ZTUFN "QQ 'JMF4ZTUFN %FWJDF'JMF "QQ 7PM 7PM 7PM 7JSUVBM %*TL "QQ 'JMF4ZTUFN "QQ %FWJDF'JMF
  28. %SJWFS J4$4*ͳͲ ͷ࣮ߦՕॴ ‣ ϕΞϝλϧͱίϯςφ͸αʔό /PEF ্Ͱ%SJWFS͕ಈ࡞ ‣ 7.Ͱ͸7.্ͷ04ʹͯ%SJWFS͕ಈ࡞ 

    ߴෛՙ࣌ʹ7.ؒͷ4UFBM΍*0XBJU͕ൃੜ֤͠7.͔Β͸ؾ෇͔ͳ͍ੑೳྼԽͷϦεΫ༗Γ  ֤7.ͰҟͳΔόʔδϣϯͷ%SJWFS͕ࠞࡏ  7.͝ͱͷ༏ઌ౓ͳͲετϨʔδͰ੍ޚͰ͖ΔΑ͏ɺJ4$4*4$4*ϓϩτίϧͷϕϯμʔ֦ுͷϑΟʔϧυ͠W$16ͳͲͷ৘ใ Λ෇༩͢Δ੡඼΋͋Γɻ͜ͷ৔߹ετϨʔδଆ΋ϗετϞʔυͳͲͷઃఆ͕ඞཁ /PEF ,FSOFM 4UPSBHF $POUBJOFS $POUBJOFS "QQ %SJWFS )ZQFSWJTPS 4UPSBHF 7. 7. %SJWFS %SJWFS )ZQFSWJTPS 4UPSBHF 7. 7. "QQ %SJWFS %SJWFS /PEF ,FSOFM 4UPSBHF "QQ %SJWFS %SJWFS "QQ "QQ "QQ "QQ ϕΞϝλϧ 7. Ծ૝σΟεΫ 7. ύεεϧʔ ίϯςφ ,VCFSOFUFT
  29. ੑೳ΁ͷӨڹ ‣ 8SJUF׬ྃͷ໋ྩΛ୭͕ฦ͢ͷ͔ˍ%SJWFS͕Քಇ͢Δ04ͷੑೳͰҧ͍͋Γ ‣ ίϯςφ͸ϕΞϝλϧͱಉ༷ʹૉ௚ͳੑೳ ‣ 7. Ծ૝σΟεΫ ͸7.͔Βͷ8SJUF׬ྃ͸Ծ૝σΟεΫͰฦ͢ Ծ૝σΟεΫ͔ΒετϨʔδ΁͸ඇಉظͰͷ8SJUF

     Ұൠతʹੑೳ͸ߴ଎ͳ͜ͱ͕ଟ͍ɻͨͩ͠ɺ)ZQFSWJTPS͕ੑೳϘτϧωοΫʹͳΔέʔε΋͋ΔͨΊੑೳઃܭͰ͸ཁ஫ҙ /PEF ,FSOFM 4UPSBHF $POUBJOFS $POUBJOFS %SJWFS )ZQFSWJTPS 4UPSBHF 7. 7. %SJWFS %SJWFS )ZQFSWJTPS 4UPSBHF 7. 7. "QQ %SJWFS %SJWFS /PEF ,FSOFM 4UPSBHF %SJWFS %SJWFS "QQ "QQ "QQ "QQ ϕΞϝλϧ 7. Ծ૝σΟεΫ 7. ύεεϧʔ ίϯςφ ,VCFSOFUFT "QQ "QQ
  30. ίϯςφͷੑೳʹؔ͢Δࢀߟ࿦จ ‣ *#."VTUJO3FTFBSDI-BCPSBUPSZͷ 8FT'FMUFS "MFYBOESF'FSSFJSB 3BN3BKBNPOZ  +VBO3VCJP͕ൃද ‣ l"O6QEBUFE1FSGPSNBODF$PNQBSJTPOPG7JSUVBM

    .BDIJOFTBOE-JOVY$POUBJOFSTz ‣ /BUJWF %PDLFS ,7.ͰͷϕϯνϚʔΫ݁ՌΛղઆ 30 ग़యɹIUUQTJFFFYQMPSFJFFFPSHEPDVNFOU
  31. ίϯςφ޲͚ͷετϨʔδ͸ෳࡶʁ ‣ ίϯςφ޲͚ͷετϨʔδ͸Կ͔Α͘Θ͔Βͳ͍͚Ͳෳࡶ ‣ ϕΞϝλϧΑΓएׯෳࡶ͕ͩɺ7.ΑΓ୯७ ‣ ίϯςφͰετϨʔδΛར༻͢Δͱੑೳ͕஗͍ ‣ ϕΞϝλϧͱ΄΅มΘΒͣɻૉ௚ͳੑೳ

  32. ίϯςφɾ,VCFSOFUFTͷ ετϨʔδಈ޲

  33. ಈ޲ 33 ‣ *P5ͳͲͷ&EHF؀ڥ޲͚ʹ,VCFSOFUFT/BUJWF4UPSBHFͷීٴ FH-POHIPSOW ,4ରԠ BSN ` 0QFO&#4W BSNରԠ

    `  ‣ /7.FP'΍1FSTJTUFOU.FNPSZͳͲετϨʔδͷ৽ϓϩτίϧ΍৽σόΠεʹ ରԠͨ͠$4*%SJWFSͷ֦ॆ FH0QFO&#4W /7.FP'αϙʔτ ` *OUFMQNFNDTJ ίΞػೳ͸ϓϩμΫγϣϯϨσΟ `  ‣ ΦϒδΣΫτετϨʔδͷίϯςφ޲͚ඪ४*' $04* ͷొ৔ FH,VCFSOFUFTW "MQIBαϙʔτ༧ఆ `  ‣ $4*ʹͯετϨʔδͷϔϧεϞχλ͕ڧԽˠࣗಈ෮چ΁ FH$4*W ` ʹ)FBMUI.POJUPS͕ొ৔ ,VCFSOFUFTWʹͯ#FUBαϙʔτ ` ຊػೳ͸ো֐ͷࣗಈ෮چ΁ͷ෍ੴ  ‣ ΞϓϦͱ࿈ܞͨ͠όοΫΞοϓͷڧԽ FH,VCFSOFUFTίϛϡχςΟXHEBUBQSPUFDUJPO `ઃཱ ʹͯ ΞϓϦͷ੩ࢭԽ 8SJUFఀࢭ ˠ4ZODˠ 4OBQTIPUˠ0CKFDU4UPSBHF΁ͷόοΫΞοϓ·ͰͷҰ࿈ͷૢ࡞Λ.BOJGFTUͰఆٛͰ͖Δ͜ͱΛ໨ࢦ͠ݕ౼த
  34. ·ͱΊ 34 ‣ ɹʮίϯςφ͸εςʔτϑϧΞϓϦ͕ۤखʯ  7.ɾίϯςφʹؔΘΒͣεςʔτϨεΞϓϦʹൺ΂εςʔτϑϧΞϓϦ͸େม σʔλಉظͳͲ   7.ͱൺ΂ίϯςφͷΞʔΩςΫνϟ͸γϯϓϧ

    ‣ ɹʮίϯςφͷεςʔτϑϧΞϓϦ͸7.ʹൺ΂େมʯ ‣ ɹʮεςʔτϑϧΞϓϦ͸εςʔτϨεΞϓϦʹൺ΂େมʯ ‣ $MPVE/BUJWFͳࣗಈԽ͞Εͨӡ༻Λ໨ࢦ͢ͷͰ͋Ε͹7.ΑΓ΋ίϯςφ͸ ΤίγεςϜͷ੒௕౓΍ϑϨʔϜϫʔΫͷ׆༻ʹ͠қ͕͞༗ར ‣ ίϯςφͰεςʔτϑϧΞϓϦΛಈ͔͢ͷ͸/(Ͱ͸ͳ͘ɺ ίϯςφͱ͍͏ୈࡾͷબ୒ࢶ͕ੜ·ΕͨͱݟΔͷ͕٢
  35. ෇࿥ετϨʔδ؅ཧʹ͓͚Δ7.ͱίϯςφͷൺֱ 7. ,VCFSOFUFTίϯςφ ࣄྫͷ๛෋͞ ར༻ऀ͔Βݟͨઃఆͷγϯϓϧ͞ ඪ४Խ*'ͷ༗ແ Ξοϓσʔτɾεέʔϧมߋͷ༰қ͞ ো֐෮چͷਝ଎͞ ؅ཧऀͷଐਓత࡞ۀͷഉআ σʔλಉظͷࣗಈखॱͷ։ൃྔͷগͳ͞˞

    ˞ ΞʔΩςΫνϟͷγϯϓϧ͞ ੑೳઃܭͷ༰қ͞ σʔλͷՄ༻ੑ ΞϓϦ࿈ܞͷ༰қ͞  ઐ༻"HFOUͳ͠Ͱ࿈ܞͷকདྷੑ͋Γ ࠓޙͷٕज़ͷൃల౓߹͍ ࢲݟ දεςʔτϑϧΞϓϦ޲͚ετϨʔδ؅ཧࢹ఺Ͱͷൺֱ ˞σʔλಉظͷඞཁͷͳ͍৔߹Ͱ͋Ε͹ɺߟྀ͠ͳͯ͘΋ྑ͍ FH/'4ͰͷϑΝΠϧڞ༗ͳͲ  ˞0QFSBUPSԽ͞ΕͨεςʔτϑϧΞϓϦͰ͋Ε͹εΫϦϓτ౳ͷ։ൃ͸ඞཁͳ͍৔߹΋͋Γ