Laws and regulations safeguard citizens’ security and privacy. For example, the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA) governs the security and privacy of electronic health records (EHR) systems. HIPAA violations can result in millions of dollars in penalties for non-compliance. Ensuring EHR systems are legally compliant is challenging for software engineers because the laws and regulations governing EHR systems are written by policymakers with little to no understanding of software engineering. This presentation introduces the field of Regulatory Compliance Software Engineering and discusses a particular research concern within that field: How can we help software engineers seeking to assess whether security and privacy requirements for EHR systems are legally compliant?