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Progressive web apps are here!

Progressive web apps are here!

Progressive Web Apps use modern web capabilities to deliver an app-like user experience. They evolve from pages in browser tabs to immersive, top-level apps, maintaining the web's low friction at every moment.

They are reliable, fast, engaging and delivering amazing UX to end users. And they are here!

The slides are from my talk at http://2018.symfonycamp.org.ua/

Antonio Peric-Mazar

October 29, 2018
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  1. Progressive Web Apps are here! Antonio Perić-Mažar, Locastic 27.10.2018., #sfcampua

  2. None
  3. Antonio Perić-Mažar CEO @ Locastic Co-Founder @ Blockada antonio@locastic.com @antonioperic

  4. Locastic • We help clients create amazing web and mobile

    apps (since 2011) • mobile development • web development • UX/UI • Training and Consulting • Shift Conference, Symfony Croatia • www.locastic.com t: @locastic
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  6. Not a Symfony talk!

  7. [Mobile] User Experience on Web

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  14. And trust me… you will never had enough cheese

  15. “I don't care how many kick-ass Visio architecture diagrams you

    have; as far as the user is concerned, the UI is the application. I know UI US HARD, but you have to build an impressive UI if you want to be taken seriously. Give your UI the high priority it deserves.” Jeff Atwood, Coding Horror blog
  16. None
  17. Capebility Reach

  18. “A Progressive Web App uses modern web capabilities to deliver

    an app-like user experience.”
  19. “A Progressive Web App uses modern web capabilities to deliver

    an app-like user experience.”
  20. PWA is: • Progressive - Works for every user, regardless

    of browser choice because it's built with progressive enhancement as a core tenet. • Responsive - Fits any form factor: desktop, mobile, tablet, or whatever is next. • Connectivity independent - Enhanced with service workers to work offline or on low-quality networks. • App-like - Feels like an app, because the app shell model separates the application functionality from application content . • Fresh - Always up-to-date thanks to the service worker update process.
  21. PWA is: • Safe - Served via HTTPS to prevent

    snooping and to ensure content hasn't been tampered with. • Discoverable - Is identifiable as an "application" thanks to W3C manifest and service worker registration scope, allowing search engines to find it. • Re-engageable - Makes re-engagement easy through features like push notifications. • Installable - Allows users to add apps they find most useful to their home screen without the hassle of an app store. • Linkable - Easily share the application via URL, does not require complex installation.
  22. None
  23. Fast Integrated Reliable Engaging 4 things to focus on

  24. Fast Integrated Reliable Engaging

  25. Fast • No junky scrolling • No slow load performance

    • Measure and improve all the time • Bad connection (or no connection) is not excuse
  26. 53% of users abandon sites that take longer than 3

    seconds to load
  27. https://cloudfour.com/thinks/ios-doesnt-support-progressive-web-apps-so-what/

  28. None
  29. App shell model • Reliable performance that is consistently fast

    • Native-like interactions • Economical use of data
  30. Fast Integrated Reliable Engaging

  31. Integrated • User should not reach browser to reach your

    app • They should be able to interact same as with any other app on their device • They expect to have all possibilities as other apps • Users should be able to start app from their home screen
  32. https://www.mobigyaan.com/android-8-0-oreo-vs-ios-11-which-is-better

  33. None
  34. None
  35. https://techcrunch.com/2017/08/25/majority-of-u-s-consumers-still-download-zero-apps-per-month-says-comscore/

  36. https://techcrunch.com/2017/08/25/majority-of-u-s-consumers-still-download-zero-apps-per-month-says-comscore/

  37. https://www.technology.org/2017/07/28/progressive-web-apps-vs-native-which-is-better-for-your-business/

  38. 80% users intentionally moved apps to their home screen

  39. Broken experience • Required user interaction • Where it will

    start? • Would it work offline? https://medium.com/@saigeleslie/how-to-create-a-progressive-web-app-with-react-in-5-mins-or-less-3aae3fe98902
  40. Web manifest • Simple JSON file • Tell browsers about

    your app and how it should behave once app is ‘installed’ • Having manifest is required to show add to home screen pop-up • Works for desktop and mobile apps (chrome) • https://manifest-validator.appspot.com/ • https://app-manifest.firebaseapp.com/
  41. { "background_color":"#ffffff", "description":"It's what's happening. From breaking news and entertainment,

    sports and politics, to big events and everyday interests.", "display":"standalone", "gcm_sender_id":"49625052041", "gcm_user_visible_only":true, "icons":[ { "src":"https://abs.twimg.com/responsive-web/web/ltr/icon-default. 604e2486a34a2f6e.png", "sizes":"192x192", "type":"image/png" }, { "src":"https://abs.twimg.com/responsive-web/web/ltr/icon-default. 604e2486a34a2f6e.png", "sizes":"512x512", "type":"image/png" } ], "name":"Twitter", "share_target":{ "action":"compose/tweet", "params":{ "title":"title", "text":"text", "url":"url" } }, "short_name":"Twitter", "start_url":"/", "theme_color":"#ffffff", “scope":"/" }
  42. None
  43. { "background_color":"#ffffff", "display":"standalone", "icons":[ … ], "name":"Twitter", "short_name":"Twitter", "start_url":"/", "theme_color":"#ffffff",

    “scope":"/" } <link rel="manifest" href="/manifest.json"> You can add it now to 
 your app
  44. What are the criteria? • The web app is not

    already installed • Meets a user engagement heuristic (currently, the user has interacted with the domain for at least 30 seconds) • Served over HTTPS (required for service workers) • Has registered a service worker with a fetch event handler
  45. What are the criteria? • Includes a web app manifest

    that includes: • Short name or name • Icons must include a 192px and a 512px sized icons • start_url • Display must be: fullscreen, standalone, or minimal- ui
  46. What are the criteria? • When these criteria are met,

    Chrome will fire a beforeinstallprompt event that you can use to prompt the user to install your Progressive Web App. let deferredPrompt; window.addEventListener('beforeinstallprompt', (e) => { // Prevent Chrome 67 and earlier from automatically showing the prompt e.preventDefault(); // Stash the event so it can be triggered later. deferredPrompt = e; });
  47. What are the criteria? btnAdd.addEventListener('click', (e) => { // hide

    our user interface that shows our A2HS button btnAdd.style.display = 'none'; // Show the prompt deferredPrompt.prompt(); // Wait for the user to respond to the prompt deferredPrompt.userChoice .then((choiceResult) => { if (choiceResult.outcome === 'accepted') { console.log('User accepted the A2HS prompt'); } else { console.log('User dismissed the A2HS prompt'); } deferredPrompt = null; }); });
  48. https://ponyfoo.com/articles/progressive-app-serviceworker

  49. 40% higher interaction rate from Home screen

  50. None
  51. Web Payment API!

  52. 66% of purchases on mobile are on the web

  53. 1/3 of purchases on Web are via mobile That means

    the UX 
 is BROKEN!
  54. Checkout forms today: • Manual • Tedious • Slow •

    N-taps http://www.alyssatucker.com/improving-hollars-ios-checkout-process/
  55. Autofill - step forward • Autocomplete attributes • 30% faster

    • Automatic • Simple • Slow • n-taps http://www.alyssatucker.com/improving-hollars-ios-checkout-process/
  56. Web Payment API!

  57. None
  58. None
  59. // Supported payment methods const paymentMethods = [{ supportedMethods: 'basic-card',

    data: { supportedNetworks: [ 'visa', 'mastercard', 'amex', 'discover', 'diners', 'jcb', 'unionpay' ] } }, { supportedMethods: 'https://bobpay.xyz/pay', }]; Define payment methods
  60. var options = { requestShipping: true, requestPayerEmail: true, requestPayerPhone: true,

    requestPayerName: true, shippingType: 'delivery' }; var request = new PaymentRequest(paymentMethods, paymentDetails, paymentOptions); Setup your payment options
  61. request.show().then(response => { // [process payment] // send to a

    PSP etc. response.complete('success'); }); Show payment screen
  62. None
  63. { // example response "methodName": "basic-card", "details": { "cardholderName": "Larry

    Page", "cardNumber": "4111111111111111", "expiryMonth": "12", "expiryYear": "2020", "cardSecurityCode": "111", "billingAddress": { ... } }, "payerName": "Larry Page", "payerPhone": "212-555-1212", "payerEmail": "user@example.com" } Payment response
  64. Web Payment API! • Automatic • Simple • Fast •

    1-tap • Supportes payment gatway,
 or some applications payment 
 (Google Pay) https://paymentrequest.show/images/pr-woocommerce.gif
  65. More APIs • Media Session • Media Capture API •

    Casting support • Web bluetooth • Web Share
  66. More APIs • Media Session • Media Capture API •

    Casting support • Web bluetooth • Web Share
  67. Remember users expect to be able to interact with your

    app in the same way that they do all of the other apps on their device
  68. Fast Integrated Reliable Engaging

  69. Reliable Reliability means, never showing the Downsaur

  70. None
  71. Reliable • The quality of a network connection can be

    affected by a number of factors such as: • Poor coverage of a provider. • Extreme weather conditions. • Power outages. • Users travelling into “dead zones” such as buildings that block their network connections. • Travelling on a train and going through a tunnel. • Internet connection is managed by a third party and time boxed when it will be active or inactive like in an airport or hotel. • Cultural practises that require limited or no internet access at specific times or days.
  72. Reliable • We need instant loading offline • 60% of

    mobile connection is 2G • Fast Application is UX • 14 sec to load average website on 4g • 19 sec to load average website on 3G
  73. Service Workers

  74. Service Workers

  75. Service Workers Service Workers

  76. Service Workers • Rich offline experiences • Background syncs •

    Push notifications • …
  77. Service Workers • Script that browser runs in background, separated

    from web page • It is Javascript worker, so it cannot access to DOM directly • Service worker is a programmable network proxy, allowing you to control how network requests from your page are handled.
  78. Service Workers • It's terminated when not in use, and

    restarted when it's next needed, so you cannot rely on global state within a service worker's onfetch and onmessage handlers. • Service workers make extensive use of promises • Service worker is for second load
  79. Service Workers lifecycle

  80. Register a Service Worker if ('serviceWorker' in navigator) { window.addEventListener('load',

    function() { navigator.serviceWorker.register('/sw.js').then(function(registration) { // Registration was successful console.log('ServiceWorker registration successful with scope: ', registration.scope); }, function(err) { // registration failed :( console.log('ServiceWorker registration failed: ', err); }); }); }
  81. None
  82. On Install var CACHE_NAME = 'my-site-cache-v1'; var urlsToCache = [

    '/', '/styles/main.css', '/script/main.js' ]; self.addEventListener('install', function(event) { // Perform install steps event.waitUntil( caches.open(CACHE_NAME) .then(function(cache) { console.log('Opened cache'); return cache.addAll(urlsToCache); }) ); });
  83. None
  84. Cache and return requests self.addEventListener('fetch', function(event) { event.respondWith( caches.match(event.request) .then(function(response)

    { // Cache hit - return response if (response) { return response; } return fetch(event.request); } ) ); });
  85. None
  86. Service workers Events • On install - as a dependency

    • On install - not as a dependency • On activate • On user interaction • On network response • Stale-while-revalidate • On push message • On background-sync
  87. Update Service Worker • Update your service worker JavaScript file.

    When the user navigates to your site, the browser tries to redownload the script file that defined the service worker in the background. If there is even a byte's difference in the service worker file compared to what it currently has, it considers it new. • Your new service worker will be started and the install event will be fired. • At this point the old service worker is still controlling the current pages so the new service worker will enter a waiting state. • When the currently open pages of your site are closed, the old service worker will be killed and the new service worker will take control. • Once your new service worker takes control, its activate event will be fired.
  88. Update Service Worker • self.skipWaiting() • Skips waiting for refresh

    to start using new SW
  89. On User Interaction

  90. // on user interaction document.querySelector('.cache-article').addEventListener('click', function(event) { event.preventDefault(); var id

    = this.dataset.articleId; caches.open('mysite-article-' + id).then(function(cache) { fetch('/get-article-urls?id=' + id).then(function(response) { // /get-article-urls returns a JSON-encoded array of // resource URLs that a given article depends on return response.json(); }).then(function(urls) { cache.addAll(urls); }); }); });
  91. On Network response

  92. self.addEventListener('fetch', function(event) { event.respondWith( caches.open('mysite-dynamic').then(function(cache) { return cache.match(event.request).then(function (response) {

    return response || fetch(event.request).then(function(response) { cache.put(event.request, response.clone()); return response; }); }); }) ); });
  93. On Background Sync

  94. self.addEventListener('sync', function(event) { if (event.id == 'update-leaderboard') { event.waitUntil( caches.open('mygame-dynamic').then(function(cache)

    { return cache.add('/leaderboard.json'); }) ); } });
  95. SW: Serving suggestions - responding to requests • Cache only

    • Network only • Cache, falling back to network • Cache & network race • Network falling back to cache • Cache then network • Generic fallback • ServiceWorker-side templating
  96. Cache only

  97. Cache only self.addEventListener('fetch', function(event) { // If a match isn't

    found in the cache, the response // will look like a connection error event.respondWith(caches.match(event.request)); });
  98. Network only

  99. Network only self.addEventListener('fetch', function(event) { event.respondWith(fetch(event.request)); // or simply don't

    call event.respondWith, which // will result in default browser behaviour });
  100. Cache, falling back to network

  101. Cache, falling back to network self.addEventListener('fetch', function(event) { event.respondWith( caches.match(event.request).then(function(response)

    { return response || fetch(event.request); }) ); });
  102. Network, falling back to Cache

  103. Network, falling back to Cache self.addEventListener('fetch', function(event) { event.respondWith( fetch(event.request).catch(function()

    { return caches.match(event.request); }) ); });
  104. Cache, than Network

  105. Cache, than Network var networkDataReceived = false; startSpinner(); // fetch

    fresh data var networkUpdate = fetch('/data.json').then(function(response) { return response.json(); }).then(function(data) { networkDataReceived = true; updatePage(data); }); // fetch cached data caches.match('/data.json').then(function(response) { if (!response) throw Error("No data"); return response.json(); }).then(function(data) { // don't overwrite newer network data if (!networkDataReceived) { updatePage(data); } }).catch(function() { // we didn't get cached data, the network is our last hope: return networkUpdate; }).catch(showErrorMessage).then(stopSpinner);
  106. Cache, than Network self.addEventListener('fetch', function(event) { event.respondWith( caches.open('mysite-dynamic').then(function(cache) { return

    fetch(event.request).then(function(response) { cache.put(event.request, response.clone()); return response; }); }) ); });
  107. None
  108. None
  109. None
  110. Reliable conclusion • Think how you design for the success,

    failure and instability of a network connection • Data may be expensive, so be considerate to the user • Make sure performance is part of your design process and UX • Try to provide offline by default if your app doesn't require much data • Inform users of their current state and of changes in states • https://serviceworke.rs/ - different examples
  111. Your goal is to provide a good experience that lessens

    the impact of changes in connectivity
  112. Fast Integrated Reliable Engaging

  113. Engaging • Charming and Attractive • Shift way how we

    think in patterns and designs from web patterns to some native patterns • Push notifications (browser doesn’t need to be opened) • Push Notification API
  114. Engaging

  115. What makes good notification Push. Push. Back upon now. (Courtesy

    Enrique Iglesias)
  116. What makes good notification • Timely - I feel I

    need and it matters now • Precise - specific info, what happens • Personal - make it personal
  117. What makes good notification

  118. https://www.slideshare.net/SeulgiChoi4/pwa-push-notification

  119. https://www.slideshare.net/SeulgiChoi4/pwa-push-notification

  120. None
  121. self.addEventListener('push', function(event) { if (event.data.text() == 'new-email') { event.waitUntil( caches.open('mysite-dynamic').then(function(cache)

    { return fetch('/inbox.json').then(function(response) { cache.put('/inbox.json', response.clone()); return response.json(); }); }).then(function(emails) { registration.showNotification("New email", { body: "From " + emails[0].from.name tag: "new-email" }); }) ); } }); self.addEventListener('notificationclick', function(event) { if (event.notification.tag == 'new-email') { // Assume that all of the resources needed to render // /inbox/ have previously been cached, e.g. as part // of the install handler. new WindowClient('/inbox/'); } });
  122. Push Notifications { "body": "Did you make a $1,000,000 purchase

    at Dr. Evil...", "icon": "images/ccard.png", "vibrate": [200, 100, 200, 100, 200, 100, 400], "tag": "request", "actions": [ { "action": "yes", "title": "Yes", "icon": "images/yes.png" }, { "action": "no", "title": "No", "icon": "images/no.png" } ] }
  123. 43% agrees to an app’s request to allow push notifications

  124. Credentials API! • Removes friction from sign-in flows - Users

    can be automatically signed back into a site even if their session has expired or they saved credentials on another device. • Allows one tap sign in with account chooser - Users can choose an account in a native account chooser. • Stores credentials - Your application can store either a username and password combination or even federated account details. These credentials can be synced across devices by the browser.
  125. None
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  127. Tools!

  128. Lighthouse

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  130. None
  131. Some show case!

  132. 65% increase in page per session 75% increase in Tweets

    sent
 20% decrease in bounce rate Twitter Lite
  133. 76% higher conversation across browsers 4x higher interaction rate from

    Add to screen Increased usage of native apps also Alibaba
  134. 80%+ conversation 54% smaller than Android app 120% smaller than

    iOS app BookMyShow
  135. Cut load times from 11.91 to 4.69 seconds 90% smaller

    than Native Android App https://medium.com/@addyosmani/a-tinder-progressive-web-app-performance- case-study-78919d98ece0 Tinder
  136. Myths about PWA!

  137. PWAs are only for offline apps

  138. PWAs are a mobile thing

  139. PWAs are a Google-only thing

  140. None
  141. PWAs are not ready yet

  142. None
  143. None
  144. None
  145. None
  146. https://pwa.rocks/

  147. None
  148. None
  149. Don’t be driven with hype, choose the best fit for

    your project
  150. It is not about PWA vs Native apps, it is

    about Users
  151. Thank you!

  152. QnA?