Self-build and the "maker" movement

80dc21eb774b395db6586d3f92798b06?s=47 Colaborativa
January 31, 2014

Self-build and the "maker" movement

AIARG14 Conference, Belfast January 2014

Architectural profession has generally not paid much attention to self-build despite it has always been very popular with the general public all over the world. Societies and economies as distant as Austria and India have very similar high percentages of self-build housing and some studies have determined that one third of the world’s dwellings are constructed by their future occupants with no architect intervention.

A recent chapter in the history of self-build happened in Europe and United States during the 60's. It became part of the counterculture movement and notable self-build systems were developed such as the Segal Method in England or the geodesic structures from the Whole Earth Catalog in California. In both cases, self-build was presented as a carefully though social and political attitude rather than just a necessity. Not casually, the articles published in the Whole Earth Catalog were also inspiring the first generation of computer hackers who originated the Information technology revolution in Silicon Valley.

The maker culture, a technology-based extension of the do-it-yourself hobbyist tradition, is one of the most notable phenomenons derived from this hacker culture in the 70's. The maker movement proposes a bottom-up and collective alternative for designing and producing all sort of physical objects, from affordable medical prothesis to sophisticated drone aircrafts. Many experts believe that the future of physical manufacturing will shift from current failing structures of mass production to the decentralised and highly customisable maker's approach.

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Colaborativa

January 31, 2014
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  1. None
  2. SELF-BUILD & THE 
 MAKER MOVEMENT javier.buron@ul.ie · University of

    Limerick · @javiburon
  3. THE CATHEDRAL
 & THE BAZAAR

  4. Open e Software · ardware · on · ance overnment

    · Open Software ·
  5. CENTRALISED HIERARCHICAL INCREMENTAL DECENTRALISED CHAOTIC ITERATIVE The Cathedral (1465) J.

    Fouquet Grand Bazaar, Istanbul (1976)
  6. 400,000 Employees 20,586,501 Unique Contributors Apollo project (1961) Wikipedia project

    (2001)
  7. AMATEUR BANAL PROMISCUOUS Linux kernel visualisation

  8. ARCHITECTURE WITHOUT ARCHITECTS

  9. SELF-BUILD Self-build in India and Austria

  10. Architecture without Architects (1964) Bernard Rudofsky

  11. AMATEUR BANAL PROMISCUOUS?

  12. ACCESS TO TOOLS

  13. Haight-Ashbury Robert Crumb

  14. None
  15. …a catalog to provide education and access to tools so

    a reader could find his own inspiration, shape this own environment, and share his adventure with whoever is interested. Stuart Brand
  16. Useful as a tool Relevant to independent education High quality

    or low cost Not already common knowledge Easily available by mail
  17. Domebook (1971) Lloyd Kahn

  18. Antfarm & Ken Isaacs Archigram & Superstudio

  19. Lewisham (1975) Walter Segal

  20. Homebrew Computer Group (1975)

  21. 80’s 90’s 00’s

  22. None
  23. MAKERS ARE COMING…

  24. javier.buron@ul.ie · @javiburon www.fablab.saul.ie