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FaaS for Everyone, Everywhere

FaaS for Everyone, Everywhere

This is a deck I used in my internal Azure Bootcamp presentation at Microsoft for the Cloud Solution Architecture team across Europe and MEA.

Daron Yondem

May 02, 2023

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  1. FaaS for Everyone, Everywhere Daron Yöndem Azure Application Development Tech

    Lead for MEA Microsoft http://daron.me @daronyondem
  2. What langauges do you support? - C# .NET 4.8, 6,

    7 - F# .NET 6, 7 - NodeJS 18, 16, 14 - Java 8, 11, 17 - Powershell 7.2 - Python 3.10, 3.9, 3.8, 3.7 - TypeScript (through transpiling to JavaScript) - Go, Rust, others (Custom Handlers)
  3. What do you mean, Custom Handlers? Custom handlers are lightweight

    web servers that receive events from the Azure Functions host. Any language that supports HTTP primitives can implement a custom handler. This means that custom handlers can be used to create functions in languages that aren't officially supported. 📚 Go Sample: https://github.com/Azure-Samples/functions-custom- handlers/tree/master/go
  4. Can I bring anything? - Would you like Custom Containers?

    - We give you base Linux Image. - Premium Plan or Dedicated App Service Plan Host is a must. 📚 https://learn.microsoft.com/azure/azure-functions/functions- create-function-linux-custom-image ⚠️ Linux Containers can only be deployed to Linux Premium and Linux Dedicated plans.
  5. What are hosting options? - Consumption - Pay per GB-s

    - Execution Count Charge - Premium - vCPU + Memory Duration - App Service Elastic Premium plans (SKU starts with E) - Autoscales out of the box. - Every premium plan has at least one active (billed) instance at all times. - Multiple Functions Apps can share a single plan. - Dedicated - App Service Premium V2 plans (SKU starts with P) - Wont autoscale unless you do.
  6. Am I stuck with public cloud? - Azure Functions =

    Runtime + Scale Controller - Runtime might need an Azure Storage Account. - Docker container base image https://hub.docker.com/_/microsoft-azure-functions-base - Supporting seamless event-driven scale within a Kubernetes cluster using Kubernetes-based Event Driven Autoscaling (KEDA). 📚 https://learn.microsoft.com/azure/azure-functions/functions-kubernetes- keda
  7. What is this Isolated Process thing? - In-Process mode runs

    everything with the same runtime process. - Isolated means: - Not stuck with the .NET Version used by runtime. - Less dependency conflict - Dependency injection and middleware support for .NET.
  8. Let’s talk Workflows… • Azure Logic Apps: For those who

    like user interfaces and workflow definition files. • Azure Durable Functions: For those who like codifying workflows, and more.
  9. Durable Functions! • Stateful functions • Managed state, checkpoints, and

    restarts when needed. • Define stateful workflows in orchestrator functions. .
  10. Workflows you said? • Define workflows in code. No JSON

    schemas or designers are needed. • They can call other functions synchronously and asynchronously. Output from called functions can be saved to local variables. • They automatically checkpoint their progress whenever the function awaits. Local state is never lost if the process recycles.
  11. Problem 1 : Function Chaining • No visualization to show

    relationship between functions and queues. • Middle queues are an implementation detail – conceptual overhead. • Error handling adds a lot more complexity.
  12. Problem 2 : Fan-out/Fan-in • Fanning-out is easy, but fanning-in

    is more complicated. • Functions offers no help with this scenario today • All the same problems of the previous pattern
  13. Problem 3 : Eternal Processes • Long running processes •

    Built-in state management • orchestrationClient or built-in webhooks can be used.
  14. Problem 5 : Human Interaction • Durable timers to wait

    for external events. • orchestrationClient binding can be used to use built-in bindings.
  15. Important Orchestrator Limitations Orchestrator code is replayed on every rehydration

    to restore all local state (local variables, etc). • Follows the Event Sourcing stateful pattern • Function calls are never replayed – the outputs are remembered. This requires the orchestrator code to be deterministic. • Rule #1: Never write logic that depends on random numbers, DateTime.Now, Guid.NewGuid(), etc. • Rule #2: Never do I/O directly in the orchestrator function. • Rule #3: Do not write infinite loops • Rule #4: Use the built-in workarounds for rules #1, #2, and #3
  16. Durable Task Framework Engines DurableTask.AzureStorage Default backend, serverless, low cost

    DurableTask.Netherite 10X Performance, Combine with Event Hubs with Faster DurableTask.SqlServer No Azure needed!
  17. Resources Which triggers require a storage account and which don’t.

    • https://learn.microsoft.com/azure/azure-functions/storage-considerations Workflow Definition Language schema for Azure Logic Apps • https://goo.gl/r3fx4T Durable Task Framework • https://goo.gl/q4yjUc Durable Functions Nuget Package • https://goo.gl/p1ma8T