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ITインフラトレンド

 ITインフラトレンド

DevOps, AWS, Docker, Chef などインフラの最新動向について解説しています。
概要説明、ビジネスメリット、メリット要素の整理の他、ツール提供会社の資金調達金額を調べたところが他にはない点かと思います。

Hiro Fukami

July 07, 2017
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  1. ITΠϯϑϥτϨϯυ
    DevOps ֓ཁ
    Hiro Fukami
    2017/07/07

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  2. ͜ͷࢿྉʹ͍ͭͯ
    DevOps ͷ ֓೦ɺϏδωεɺٕज़ ʹ͍ͭͯղઆ͠
    ·͢ɻ

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  3. ໨࣍
    1. ֓೦
    2. Ϗδωε
    3. ٕज़
    4. ࠓޙ

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  4. What’s DevOps ?
    "development" + “operations"
    (։ൃ + ӡ༻)

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  5. What’s DevOps ?
    DevOps is a software development method that
    stresses communication, collaboration, integration,
    automation and measurement of cooperation
    between software developers and other
    information-technology (IT) professionals.
    Wikipedia : https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DevOps

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  6. What’s DevOps ?
    ιϑτ΢ΣΞ։ൃख๏ͷҰͭɻ։ൃ
    (Development) ͱӡ༻ (Operations) Λ૊Έ߹Θͤ
    ͔ͨ͹ΜޠͰ͋Γɺ։ൃ୲౰ऀͱӡ༻୲౰ऀ͕࿈
    ܞͯ͠ڠྗ͢Δ։ൃख๏Λ͢͞ɻ
    Wikipedia JP : http://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/DevOps

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  7. “DevOps”
    DevOpsͱ͍͏୯ޠ͸2009೥ͷΦϥΠϦʔओ࠵ͷΠ
    ϕϯτʮVelocity 2009ʯʹ͓͍ͯɺFlickrͷΤϯδχ
    ΞʹΑΓॳΊͯެͷ৔Ͱ༻͍ΒΕͨɻ͜ͷϓϨθϯ
    ςʔγϣϯͰ͸ʮ։ൃͱӡ༻͕ڠྗ͢Δ͜ͱͰɺ1೔
    ʹ10ճҎ্ͷϖʔεͰϦϦʔε͕ՄೳʹͳΔʯͱ͍
    ͏ൃදͱͱ΋ʹDevOpsͱ͍͏୯ޠ͕༻͍ΒΕͨɻ
    Wikipedia JP : http://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/DevOps

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  8. “10+ Deploys Per Day: Dev and Ops Cooperation at
    Flickr”
    http://www.slideshare.net/jallspaw/10-deploys-per-day-
    dev-and-ops-cooperation-at-flickr

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  9. Dev vs Ops
    Dev -(௒͑ΒΕͳ͍น)- Ops
    ։ൃ vs ӡ༻ (ੑ࣭)
    ௅ઓ vs ҆ఆ (จԽ)

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  10. DevOps
    Dev — — — Ops
    ίϛϡχέʔγϣϯɺίϥϘϨʔγϣϯ
    ࣗಈԽɺଌఆ

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  11. DevOpsΛ࣮ݱ͢Δཁૉ
    ࣗಈԽπʔϧ
    ڞ༗πʔϧ
    ߴ଎Խ ૊৫಺จԽ
    σϓϩΠख๏ɾϑϩʔ
    ։ൃख๏ɾϑϩʔ

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  12. DevOps͕ੜ·ΕΔഎܠ
    ૣ͞΁ͷཁٻ : ΑΓૣ͘ΑΓࡉ͔͘ϦϦʔε
    ૣ͞Λ࣮ݱ͢Δπʔϧɾख๏ͷొ৔
    ΞδϟΠϧ։ൃ
    Ϋϥ΢υ(IaaS)
    ࣗಈԽιϑτ΢ΤΞ

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  13. Dev — Ops Ops — Dev

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  14. DevOpsΛ࣮ݱ͢Δπʔϧྫ

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  15. πʔϧ֓ཁ
    AWS
    Docker
    Vagrant
    Chef

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  16. AWS
    WebAPI͔ΒαʔόΠϯϑϥΛίϯτϩʔϧ
    ʮ͍ͭͰ΋ʯʮ͍͘ΒͰ΋ʯ ࢖͑Δ
    ʮങ͏ʯ͔ΒʮआΓΔʯ΁
    ࢿ࢈Λ࣋ͨͣʹૉૣ͘࢖͍࢝ΊΔ͜ͱ͕Ͱ͖Δ
    αʔϏεΛ࡞Δࡍʹࢿۚྗ͸ඞཁͳ͘ͳΔ

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  17. Docker
    ίϯςφܕͷԾ૝ιϑτ΢ΤΞ
    LXCͰִ཭ͨ͠؀ڥ
    ϓϩηεͱͯ͠؅ཧ͢Δ
    ैདྷͷԾ૝ιϑτ΢ΤΞʹൺ΂ͯܰྔͰߴ଎
    ͋ΒΏΔϓϥοτϑΥʔϜ্ʹಉҰ؀ڥΛӡ༻Ͱ͖Δ
    Ϋϥ΢υ΍ϕϯμ΁ͷґଘ͕ͳ͘ͳΔ

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  18. Vagrant
    VirtualBoxΛίϚϯυϥΠϯͰૢ࡞͢ΔϑϩϯτΤϯυιϑ
    τ΢ΤΞ
    ϚϧνϓϥοτϑΥʔϜରԠ
    Πϯλωοτ্ʹެ։Ͱ͖Δ: Vagrant Share
    αʔυύʔςΟVagrant: Vagrant Boxes
    λʔϛφϧ͔ΒԾ૝؀ڥΛίϯτϩʔϧͰ͖Δ
    ϩʔΧϧͷ։ൃ؀ڥͱެ։αʔόΛγʔϜϨεʹ͢Δ

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  19. Chef
    αʔόʹ͓͚ΔOperationΛίʔυʹΑ࣮ͬͯߦ͢Δ
    ႈ౳ੑ
    Infrastructure as Code
    αʔυύʔςΟCookbook: Chef Supermarket
    ιϑτ΢ΤΞ͕ਓʹ୅Θͬͯૉૣ͘ਖ਼֬ʹ࡞ۀ͢Δ͜ͱ͕Ͱ͖
    Δ
    ࠓ·Ͱ؅ཧͮ͠Β͔ͬͨαʔόʹ͓͚Δ࡞ۀ͕ίʔυʹஔ͖׵
    ΘΔ

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  20. ಛ௃
    ࣗಈԽ
    ίʔυԽ

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  21. ࣗಈԽ
    ਓ͔ΒγεςϜ΁
    ୭ΑΓ΋ૣͯ͘ਖ਼֬

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  22. ίʔυԽ
    Infrastructure as Code
    ΠϯϑϥΛίʔυͰίϯτϩʔϧ͢Δ
    ࡞ۀखॱ΍ઃఆ಺༰͕ίʔυͰ؅ཧͰ͖Δ

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  23. ਓ͔Βίʔυ΁
    ੲ ࠓ
    ϋʔυ૊Έ্͛
    AWS
    (5min)
    ϥοΫϚ΢ϯτ
    OSΠϯετʔϧ
    ΞϓϦέʔγϣϯΠϯ
    ετʔϧ Chef
    (10min)
    ηοτΞοϓ
    ex.) 1୆ͷαʔόΛαʔϏεΠϯ͢ΔͨΊͷ࡞ۀ

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  24. Trend
    docker, vagrant, chef
    ίϯϐϡʔλαΠΤϯε ΧςΰϦʔʹͯ

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  25. Trend
    Keywords : docker

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  26. Trend
    Keywords : Vagrant

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  27. Trend
    Keywords : chef

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  28. ஹީ
    2010೥͋ͨΓ͔ΒٸܹʹΞΫηε͕૿͍͑ͯΔ
    ݱঢ়ɺDocker͕2013೥͔Βരൃతͳ૿Λ͠ɺ࠷΋
    ஫໨͞Ε͍ͯΔ

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  29. $160M
    Docker + Chef + Vagrant +
    Dockerؔ࿈اۀ
    ࢿۚௐୡֹ

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  30. Docker, inc.
    Headquarters: San Francisco, CA
    લ਎͸dotCloud (Aug 2014 cloudControlʹച٫)
    Founded: January, 2010
    ࢿۚௐୡֹ: $55M ($40M Sep 2014, $15M Jan, 2014)
    http://docker.com
    https://www.crunchbase.com/organization/docker

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  31. Docker ؔ࿈χϡʔε
    Docker͕γϦʔζCͰ$40MΛௐୡɺ࣮ࡍʹ࢖͏ͷ͸དྷ೥࠶དྷ೥ͱ͍͏ઈ޷ௐͷ༨༟
    http://jp.techcrunch.com/2014/09/17/20140916dockers-so-hot-it-just-got-40m-it-wont-start-spending-until-next-year/
    DockerΞϓϦέʔγϣϯͷӡ༻؅ཧΛॿ͚Δࢹ֮ԽπʔϧStackEngine͕$1MΛௐୡ
    http://jp.techcrunch.com/2014/10/02/20141001stackengine-emerges-from-stealth-to-add-operational-layer-for-
    docker/
    Joyent͕Ϋϥ΢υϓϥοτϗʔϜ্ͷΤϯλϓϥΠζڃͷDockerαϙʔτͷͨΊʹ$15MΛ
    ௐୡ
    http://jp.techcrunch.com/2014/11/01/20141031joyent-raises-15m-to-bring-enterprise-grade-docker-support-to-its-
    cloud-platform/
    Dockerϕʔεͷίϯςφ͔ΒܧଓతΠϯςάϨʔγϣϯΛߦ͏Shippable͕$8MΛௐୡ
    http://jp.techcrunch.com/2014/11/06/20141105shippable-raises-8m-series-a-for-its-docker-based-continuous-
    integration-platfrom/
    Dockerίϯςφͷू߹ΛSDNͰωοτϫʔΩϯά͢ΔWeaveworks͕$5MΛௐୡ
    http://jp.techcrunch.com/2014/12/04/20141203weaveworks-raises-5m/

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  32. Vagrant
    Company: HashiCorp
    Headquarters: San Francisco, CA
    Founded: 2010
    ࢿۚௐୡֹ: $10M Dec 2014
    VagrantҎ֎ʹ΋ෳ਺ͷϩʔΧϧπʔϧΛ։ൃఏڙ͍ͯ͠Δ
    https://www.hashicorp.com/
    https://www.crunchbase.com/organization/hashicorp

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  33. Chef Software, inc.
    Headquarters: Seattle, WA
    Founded: September, 2008
    ࢿۚௐୡֹ: $65M ($32M Dec 2013, $19.5M Mar 2012,
    $11M Jun 2010, $2.5M Apr 2009)
    https://www.chef.io/
    https://www.crunchbase.com/organization/chef

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  34. ࢿۚௐୡ੒ཱͷҙຯ
    VC͕౤ࢿΛ͢Δ͜ͱ = 5ʙ10೥ޙʹ10ഒҎ্ͷ
    اۀՁ஋ʹͳΔ͜ͱ
    $160M ͕10ഒҎ্ʹͳΔՄೳੑʹ౤ࢿ͍ͯ͠Δ
    ࠓޙ1900ԯԁҎ্ͷࢢ৔ن໛ʹͳΔՄೳੑ͕͋
    Δ

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  35. ٕज़ϝϦοτ

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  36. ͳʹֵ͕৽ͳͷ͔
    ܶతͳ࣌ؒ୹ॖ
    ୭ΑΓ΋ૣ͘
    No Cloud Lock-in
    IaaS/ϗεςΟϯάࣄۀऀʹґଘ͠ͳ͍

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  37. αʔόͷ՝୊ ࠓੲ
    ؀ڥ ੲ ࠓ
    ຊ൪/εςʔδϯά
    ௐୡ 1ϲ݄Ҏ্ ਺෼ IaaS/Docker
    ߏங ਺࣌ؒ ਺෼ Chef
    ςετ
    ௐୡ/ߏங ਺೔ ਺෼ Docker
    ςετ
    ·ͱΊͯ਺࣌
    ؒ
    ఆظతʹे਺෼
    ։ൃ ௐୡ/ߏங ਺೔ ਺෼ Vagrant/Chef

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  38. AWSͷޮՌ
    αʔόௐୡ࣌ؒ
    ੲ : ϝʔΧʹൃ஫ɺೲظɺઃஔɺOSηοτΞο
    ϓ 30೔
    ࠓ : ϒϥ΢β͔Βىಈ 5෼
    30೔(30 x 24 x 60) / 5 = 8640ഒͷޮՌ

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  39. ChefͷޮՌ
    αʔόΞϓϦέʔγϣϯΠϯετʔϧɾηοτΞοϓ࣌ؒ
    ex.) Ruby on Rails ຊ൪؀ڥ
    ੲ : खॱΛݟͭͭΠϯετʔϧɺηοτΞοϓɺτϥΠɾ
    ΞϯυɾΤϥʔ͠ͳ͕ΒԿͱ͔ಈ࡞ͤ͞Δ 1೔
    ࠓ : Chef Cookbook 10෼
    1೔(1 x 24 x 60) / 10 = 144ഒ

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  40. Time is Money

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  41. No Cloud Lock-inͱ͸
    Ϋϥ΢υ(ओʹIaaS)΁ͷґଘ౓͕ߴ͘ɺଞͷΫ
    ϥ΢υ΁ͷҠઃ͕ࠔ೉ͳɺLock-in ͞Ε͍ͯΔ
    ঢ়ଶΛղফ͢Δ

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  42. No Cloud Lock-in
    OS
    Middleware
    Application
    ಉ͡΋ͷ͕͙͢ʹ
    ηοτΞοϓͰ͖Δ
    Ҡઃ Ҡઃ

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  43. No Cloud Lock-inͷϝϦοτ
    ैདྷͷҠઃͷ͠ʹ͘͞ΛղফͰ͖Δ
    ίετϝϦοτΛٻΊ΍͍͢
    ৗʹঢ়گʹԠͯ͡࠷దͳIaaSࣄۀऀΛબ୒Ͱ͖
    Δ

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  44. No Cloud Lock-inରࡦ
    େखɾελʔτΞοϓؚΊɺDocker Hosting
    αʔϏεΛఏڙ։࢝

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  45. Big Players
    Amazon EC2 Container Service
    http://aws.amazon.com/jp/ecs/
    Google Container Engine (Alpha)
    https://cloud.google.com/container-engine/
    Docker ޲͚ͷ৽͍͠ Windows Server ίϯςφʔͱ Azure
    αϙʔτΛൃද
    http://blogs.msdn.com/b/windowsazurej/archive/
    2014/10/20/blog-new-windows-server-containers-
    and-azure-support-for-docker.aspx

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  46. Startups
    http://www.centurylinklabs.com/top-10-startups-
    built-on-docker/
    https://www.tutum.co/
    https://www.orchardup.com/
    https://quay.io/
    https://stackdock.com/

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  47. ϝϦοτ·ͱΊ
    ΞϓϦέʔγϣϯ͔ΒԼͷϨΠϠͰ͋ΔɺΠϯ
    ϑϥ෦෼Λૉૣ͘ૢ࡞Ͱ͖Δ
    ࠓ·ͰखಈͰߦ͍ͬͯͨ/ΠϯϑϥνʔϜʹ͓ئ
    ͍͍ͯͨ͜͠ͱΛιϑτ΢ΤΞ͕ߦ͏
    ։ൃऀʹͱͬͯɺোนɾετϨεΛແ͘͠ޮ཰
    తͳ։ൃ͕ߦ͑Δ

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  48. ࠓޙ ܏޲
    ςετɾσϓϩΠɾϦϦʔεͷޮ཰ԽΛٻΊΔ
    ܏޲͸ଓ͘

    = Dev ͱ Ops ͷڥ໨͕͍͋·͍ʹͳΔ
    ΑΓૣ͍ํ๏΁ͷ໛ࡧ͸ଓ͘

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  49. ࠓޙ πʔϧ
    ޮ཰ԽΛଅਐ͢Δπʔϧͷॆ࣮͕ݟࠐΊΔ(౤ࢿ
    ΋͞ΕΔ)
    ΑΓιϑτ΢ΤΞ͕ਓʹ͔Θͬͯ࡞ۀ͢Δ
    ૣͯ͘ਖ਼֬ͳ؀ڥߏங͕౰ͨΓલʹͳΔ

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  50. ࠓޙ ΤϯδχΞ
    ΤϯδχΞ͸௚઀࡞ۀ͢Δਓ͔ΒɺπʔϧΛར
    ༻͢Δɾ࢖͍͜ͳ͢͜ͱͰՁ஋ΛੜΈग़͢໾ׂ
    ʹͳΔ
    ૊Έ߹ΘͤΔ͚ͩͰࠓ·Ͱʹͳ͍Ձ஋ΛੜΈ΍
    ͘͢ͳΔ؀ڥ͕੔͏

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  51. Contact
    Blog hirofukami.com
    Facebook /fukami
    Twitter @d_sea

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