Going Beyond Secure Smart Nation

Going Beyond Secure Smart Nation

Talk at GovWare.sg 2015 about the Smart Nation. This is about the need for open source priniciples to be used in creating a smart nation and the tech around it. it also discusses the need for smart energy and possibly using LFTR as a solution.

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Harish Pillay

October 06, 2015
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Transcript

  1. Going Beyond a Secure Smart Nation Harish Pillay hpillay@redhat.com Head,

    Community Architecture and Leadership Red Hat Asia Pacific October 6, 2015, GovWare 2015, Singapore
  2. “Look at your fish” * * apologies to Samuel Scudder

    - http://grammar.about.com/od/classicessays/a/Look-At-Your-Fish-By-Samuel-H-Scudder.htm
  3. Haemulon CC BY Brian Gratwicke https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haemulon#/media/File:Haemulon_flavolineat um_French_grunt.jpg

  4. Samuel Hubbard Scudder https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Samuel_H ubbard_Scudder_1837- 1911.jpg#/media/File:Samuel_Hubbard_Scudder_183 7-1911.jpg Professor Louis Agassiz

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louis_Agassiz
  5. “Look at your fish” * * apologies to Samuel Scudder

    - http://grammar.about.com/od/classicessays/a/Look-At-Your-Fish-By-Samuel-H-Scudder.htm
  6. “Look at your fish” Smart Nation

  7. Smart Nation

  8. Secure Smart Nation

  9. How would you ...

  10. … recognize a Smart Nation?

  11. … a Secure Smart Nation?

  12. 1) Instrumented to collect data Characteristics of a Smart City

    Source: http://www.iso.org/iso/smart_cities_report-jtc1.pdf
  13. 1) Instrumented to collect data 2) Aggregation of collected data

    Characteristics of a Smart City Source: http://www.iso.org/iso/smart_cities_report-jtc1.pdf
  14. 1) Instrumented to collect data 2) Aggregation of collected data

    3) Detailed, measurable and real-time knowledge Characteristics of a Smart City Source: http://www.iso.org/iso/smart_cities_report-jtc1.pdf
  15. 1) Instrumented to collect data 2) Aggregation of collected data

    3) Detailed, measurable and real-time knowledge 4) Analytics and decision making systems Characteristics of a Smart City Source: http://www.iso.org/iso/smart_cities_report-jtc1.pdf
  16. 1) Instrumented to collect data 2) Aggregation of collected data

    3) Detailed, measurable and real-time knowledge 4) Analytics and decision making systems 5) Automated functions Characteristics of a Smart City Source: http://www.iso.org/iso/smart_cities_report-jtc1.pdf
  17. 1) Instrumented to collect data 2) Aggregation of collected data

    3) Detailed, measurable and real-time knowledge 4) Analytics and decision making systems 5) Automated functions 6) Collaborative spaces Characteristics of a Smart City Source: http://www.iso.org/iso/smart_cities_report-jtc1.pdf
  18. 1) Instrumented to collect data 2) Aggregation of collected data

    3) Detailed, measurable and real-time knowledge 4) Analytics and decision making systems 5) Automated functions 6) Collaborative spaces 7) Open and inclusive decision making process Characteristics of a Smart City Source: http://www.iso.org/iso/smart_cities_report-jtc1.pdf
  19. 1) Instrumented to collect data 2) Aggregation of collected data

    3) Detailed, measurable and real-time knowledge 4) Analytics and decision making systems 5) Automated functions 6) Collaborative spaces 7) Open and inclusive decision making process Characteristics of a Smart Nation Source: http://www.iso.org/iso/smart_cities_report-jtc1.pdf
  20. What does it mean when those characteristics are evident?

  21. How would these systems that provide the smarts, be sustained?

  22. Consider the following • It's SN10 (Smart Nation Year 10

    [SG50+x]) • All public spaces are instrumented and data is flowing into vast repositories • Very Near real time data analytics gives us all significant information about our surroundings • All data (even from sensors) are encrypted • All networks under constant attack (cyber)
  23. None
  24. Now consider Power stations start failing • Backup generators fire

    up and provide temporary relief • Battery systems take over • Data from sensors are now not reaching their collectors • Smart Nation subsystems progressively become isolated • No definitive means to make decisions
  25. Have we considered smart energy?

  26. Are we there yet with smart energy?

  27. Are we there yet with smart energy? I don't know.

  28. “Look at your fish” * * apologies to Samuel Scudder

    - http://grammar.about.com/od/classicessays/a/Look-At-Your-Fish-By-Samuel-H-Scudder.htm
  29. Haemulon CC BY Brian Gratwicke https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haemulon#/media/File:Haemulon_flavolineat um_French_grunt.jpg

  30. Singapore is renewable energy challenged

  31. Solar, Wind, Hydro, Tidal, Wave, Biomass, Geo- thermal are all

    non-feasible for Singapore
  32. What's left then is _______

  33. What's left then is nuclear

  34. Could Molten Salt Reactors or Thorium MSReactors, or more precisely,

    Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactors – LFTR be our Smart Energy source? Source: http://www.thoriumenergycheaperthancoal.com/, http://home.comcast.net/~robert.hargraves/public_html/2010-07Hargraves2-1.pdf https://www.youtube.com/watch?t=6&v=SS2JrWa_Wkc
  35. Until Smart Energy is available, any Smart Nation effort would

    have a SPOF
  36. Having level set that consideration, the unspoken challenge of the

    Smart Nation is ...
  37. ... keeping all of these technologies secure, current, updateable (plug

    and play)
  38. At a national level, technological independence and reliance on open

    standards have to be a core principle
  39. What's technological independence?

  40. It's all about being able to design, build, empower &

    manage the tech needed to make the Smart Nation thrive
  41. To ensure that, as a policy, all of the tech

    needed MUST have an Open Source Reference Implementation .
  42. To ensure that, as a policy, all of the tech

    needed MUST have an Open Source Reference Implementation – without exception
  43. What's an Open Source Reference Implementation?

  44. An Open Source Reference Implementation would ensure that the knowledge

    of the tech will always be available in the open
  45. Why?

  46. At a national level, you cannot compromise your independence with

    closed source solutions
  47. So, with an Open Source Reference Implementation, you have the

    needed gold standard for continuity
  48. The Soul of the Smart Nation

  49. The Soul of the Smart Nation*: Is embodied in knowing

    that you have control of your destiny * apologies to Tracy Kidder's Soul of a New Machine http://tracykidder.com/books/soul/
  50. Which brings me to the three fundamental principles that have

    to be adhered to in building a Smart Nation
  51. 1. Secure by default

  52. 1. Secure by default 2. Open Standards-based

  53. 1. Secure by default 2. Open Standards-based 3. Open Source

    Reference Implementation
  54. Taken together a sustainable and efficient Smart Nation that is

    secure, independent and resilient becomes doable
  55. “Look at your fish” * * apologies to Samuel Scudder

    - http://grammar.about.com/od/classicessays/a/Look-At-Your-Fish-By-Samuel-H-Scudder.htm
  56. Haemulon CC BY Brian Gratwicke https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haemulon#/media/File:Haemulon_flavolineat um_French_grunt.jpg

  57. Thank you Harish Pillay hpillay@redhat.com @harishpillay

  58. Two more things

  59. “I believe in a #SmartNation with an open source society

    and immense opportunities; where everyone can share, participate and co-create solutions to enrich and improve quality of life for ourselves and our fellow Singaporeans.” Minister Dr Vivian Balakrishnan Geekcamp.SG, September 26, 2015 https://www.facebook.com/Vivian.Balakrishnan.Sg/posts/10153017297841207
  60. http://open-advice.org/ Available on a first-come- first-served basis at the Red

    Hat Booth just outside this auditorium
  61. Thank you Harish Pillay hpillay@redhat.com @harishpillay