State of the Union 〜 2018年のアプリ開発事情

7f2e0d6b54e2bd2a6527b9d468b1c4f6?s=47 huin
September 01, 2018

State of the Union 〜 2018年のアプリ開発事情

2018年9月1日 iOSDC Japan 2018 Day 2で発表したスライドです。(一部修正済み)

7f2e0d6b54e2bd2a6527b9d468b1c4f6?s=128

huin

September 01, 2018
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  1. ʙ೥ͷΞϓϦ։ൃࣄ৘ʙ !IVJO J04%$+BQBO 4UBUFPGUIF6OJPO

  2. 2 ࣗݾ঺հ ,PJDIJ4BLBUB !IVJO IVJONF ɹ೥ J04 ʙ

  3. 3 ࣗݾ঺հ ,PJDIJ4BLBUB !IVJO IVJONF ɹ೥ J04 ʙ

  4. None
  5. ஶ ࡞ ঺ հ 5

  6. 6 w J04ΞϓϦ։ൃ̒೥ΞϓϦ։ൃ΋͍Ζ͍ΖมԽ͖ͯͨ͠ w ݴޠ πʔϧ ઃܭʜͲΜͲΜෳࡶʹ w ͔͠΋ ࠷ۙ͸ϚωδϝϯτدΓͰίʔυॻ͕࣌ؒ͘

    SZ w Ͱ΋΍ͬͺΓΞϓϦ։ൃͷΩϟονΞοϓ͸͍ͨ͠ ൃදͷϞνϕʔγϣϯ ࠷ۙͷτϐοΫεΛؤுͬͯ੔ཧͯ͠ΈΔ
  7. 7 w ࠷ۙͷΞϓϦ։ൃʹ͓͚ΔτϐοΫεΛ੔ཧͯ͠঺հ w ਂ͘ΑΓͳΔ΂͘޿͘ w ϕετϓϥΫςΟεͷ࿩Ͱ͸͋Γ·ͤΜ w ศརͳϥΠϒϥϦͷ࿩Ͱ΋͋Γ·ͤΜ w

    ΑΓྑ͍։ൃΛ͢ΔͨΊͷώϯτʹͳΕ͹خ͍͠Ͱ͢ ͜ͷൃදͷΰʔϧ
  8. ʙ೥ͷΞϓϦ։ൃࣄ৘ʙ !IVJO J04%$+BQBO 4UBUFPGUIF6OJPO

  9. 9 ݴޠ ґଘੑ؅ཧ λʔήοτߏ੒ ΞʔΩςΫνϟ ࣗಈԽ CI / CD πʔϧ

    Ϋϩε ϓϥοτϑΥʔϜ
  10. 10 ݴޠ ґଘੑ؅ཧ λʔήοτߏ੒ ΞʔΩςΫνϟ ࣗಈԽ CI / CD πʔϧ

    Ϋϩε ϓϥοτϑΥʔϜ
  11. 11 w 88%$Ͱൃද w ೥ʹ͸ΦʔϓϯιʔεԽ w ͓͓Αͦ̍೥ʹ̍౓ͷϖʔεͰϝδϟʔΞοϓσʔτ͍ͯ͠Δ w ಛ௃ w

    ҆શߴ଎ߴ͍දݱྗ w 4XJGUͰ͔͠J04։ൃͨ͜͠ͱͳ͍ਓ΋ଟ͍ͷͰ͸ʁ 4XJGUͷݱࡏ
  12. 12 w ೥݄ւ֎ΤϯδχΞͷ4XJGU൷൑΋࿩୊ʹͳͬͨ w 4XJGUϝδϟʔΞοϓσʔτͰյΕΔޓ׵ੑ w 4XJGUUPͷѱເ w $PNQJMBUJPO.PEFͷ͓͔͛Ͱ4XJGUUP͸ෛ୲ݮ w

    Ϗϧυ࣌ؒͱͷઓ͍ w 88%$Ͱηογϣϯ͕ઃ͚ΒΕΔ͘Β͍ʹ͸ؔ৺ࣄ w ϓϩδΣΫτίʔυΛগͣͭ͠վળ͢Δ͔ࡳଋͰԥΔ͔ w ࣌ؒܭଌͱߴ଎Խͷ5JQT͕(JU)VCͰެ։͞Ε͍ͯΔ 4XJGU΁ͷෆຬ
  13. 13 w ݱࡏͷόʔδϣϯ4XJGU ळʹ͸4XJGUϦϦʔε༧ఆ  w &BSMZʹ͸4XJGU΁ w "#*҆ఆԽ͕࠷େ໨ඪ "#*.BOJGFTUP

    "#*%BTICPBSE  w όΠφϦͷޓ׵ੑ͕୲อ͞ΕΔͷͰ4XJGUΞοϓσʔτʹک͑ͳͯ͘ྑ͘ͳΔ 4XJGUͷ͜Ε͔Β 88%$8IBU`T/FXJO4XJGUΑΓ
  14. 14 ݴޠ ґଘੑ؅ཧ λʔήοτߏ੒ ΞʔΩςΫνϟ ࣗಈԽ CI / CD πʔϧ

    Ϋϩε ϓϥοτϑΥʔϜ
  15. 15 ݴޠ ґଘੑ؅ཧ λʔήοτߏ੒ ΞʔΩςΫνϟ ࣗಈԽ CI / CD πʔϧ

    Ϋϩε ϓϥοτϑΥʔϜ
  16. 16 w 044ϥΠϒϥϦΛར༻͢ΔͨΊͷπʔϧ w όʔδϣϯΛࢦఆͨ͠Γɺ௥ՃͷґଘੑΛࣗಈͰղܾͯ͘͠ΕΔ w ੲ͸HJUTVCNPEVMFͰόʔδϣϯݻఆͭͭࣗ͠෼ͰϏϧυઃఆΛʜ w J04ΞϓϦ։ൃͰ༗໊ͳґଘੑ؅ཧπʔϧ w

    $PDPB1PET w $BSUIBHF w 4XJGU1BDLBHF.BOBHFS 41. ґଘੑ؅ཧ
  17. 17 $PDPB1PETWT$BSUIBHF $PDPB1PET $BSUIBHF 1SPT ϓϩδΣΫτͷઃఆ·Ͱ΍ͬͯ͘ΕΔ ࠷΋ීٴͯ͠ΔͷͰରԠϥΠϒϥϦ๛෋ Ϗϧυ࣌ؒʹӨڹ༩͑ͳ͍ ϓϩδΣΫτϑΝΠϧॻ͖׵͑ͳ͍ $POT

    ϥΠϒϥϦ͕૿͑ΔͱϏϧυ࣌ؒԆͼΔ ϓϩδΣΫτϑΝΠϧΛॻ͖׵͑Δ ະରԠϥΠϒϥϦଟ͍ ϦϯΫઃఆ͕खಈͰखؒ
  18. 18 w ݸਓతʹ͸ϜϦͯ͠$BSUIBHFΛ࢖͏ඞཁ͸ͳ͍ͱ͍͏ߟ͑Ͱ͢ w $PDPB1PET͚ͩͰࡁΉͳΒͦͷ΄͏͕γϯϓϧ w Ϗϧυ࣌ؒͳͲ͕໰୊ʹͳ͖ͬͯͨ࣌ʹ$BSUIBHFʹ੾Γग़͢ w ܦݧతʹ$BSUIBHF͚ͩͰ׬݁͢Δͷ͸೉͍͠ w

    ྆ऀซ༻ͭͭ͠GBTUMBOFͰϥοϓ͢Δͷ͕ݱ࣮త $PDPB1PETWT$BSUIBHF
  19. 19 ݴޠ ґଘੑ؅ཧ λʔήοτߏ੒ ΞʔΩςΫνϟ ࣗಈԽ CI / CD πʔϧ

    Ϋϩε ϓϥοτϑΥʔϜ
  20. 20 ݴޠ ґଘੑ؅ཧ λʔήοτߏ੒ ΞʔΩςΫνϟ ࣗಈԽ CI / CD πʔϧ

    Ϋϩε ϓϥοτϑΥʔϜ
  21. 21 w 4JSJ΍ϦονϓογϡରԠͰΤΫεςϯγϣϯ௥Ճ͸΋͸΍ඞਢ w ࠷ॳ͔ΒΤΫεςϯγϣϯલఏͷϓϩδΣΫτߏ੒ʹ͓ͯ͘͠ w "1*΍αʔϏεϩδοΫ෦෼ΛผϑϨʔϜϫʔΫͱͯ͠੾Γग़͢ w ϑϨʔϜϫʔΫ෦෼͸6*,JUʹ͸ґଘͤ͞ͳ͍ઃܭ͕େࣄ λʔήοτߏ੒

    4BNQMF$PSFGSBNFXPSL 4BNQMF"1*GSBNFXPSL *OUFOUT 5PEBZ 4BNQMF"QQ "QQ$POUBJOFS
  22. 22 w XBUDI04ɺUW04ʹՃ͑ͯɺ೥ʹ͸69,JU Ծ ͰNBD04ΞϓϦ΋։ൃՄೳʹʁ w ΫϩεϓϥοτϑΥʔϜରԠ͢Δ৔߹͸ϓϩδΣΫτΛ෼͚ͨ΄͏͕͍͍͔΋ w ϓϥοτϑΥʔϜ͝ͱʹϑϨʔϜϫʔΫλʔήοτ͕ඞཁ w

    ඞཁʹͳͬͨͱ͖ʹؤுΓ·͠ΐ͏ λʔήοτߏ੒ʙΫϩεϓϥοτϑΥʔϜ
  23. 23 ݴޠ ґଘੑ؅ཧ λʔήοτߏ੒ ΞʔΩςΫνϟ ࣗಈԽ CI / CD πʔϧ

    Ϋϩε ϓϥοτϑΥʔϜ
  24. 24 ݴޠ ґଘੑ؅ཧ λʔήοτߏ੒ ΞʔΩςΫνϟ ࣗಈԽ CI / CD πʔϧ

    Ϋϩε ϓϥοτϑΥʔϜ
  25. 25 ΞϓϦΞʔΩςΫνϟ ʮJ04ΞϓϦઃܭύλʔϯೖ໳ʯͰษڧ͠·͠ΐ͏

  26. 26 w 5FTUBCJMJUZͷ޲্ w ϏδωεϩδοΫΛ7JFX$POUSPMMFS͔Β੾Γग़͢ w 6*ͷঢ়ଶΛϞσϧԽ͠ɺͦΕࣗମΛςετͰ͖ΔΑ͏ʹ͢Δ w ঢ়ଶͷอ࣋ɾมߋΛ͢Δ໾ׂΛू໿͢Δ w

    Մಡੑͷ޲্΍ɺҙਤ͠ͳ͍෭࡞༻ όά ͷࠞೖΛ๷͙ w ґଘੑͷ੍ޚ w ϏδωεϩδοΫΛ6*,JUͳͲϓϥοτϑΥʔϜʹґଘͤ͞ͳ͍ w ֤ίϯϙʔωϯτΛQSPUPDPM࣮૷ͳͲͰૄ݁߹ʹ͢Δ ֤छΞʔΩςΫνϟͷίϯηϓτ
  27. 27 w Ͳ͏ͯ͠ϦΞΫςΟϒϓϩάϥϛϯά͕ྲྀߦΔͷ͔ʁ w ʮ࣌ؒʯΛந৅Խͯ͠ѻ͑Δ͔Βͩͱߟ͍͑ͯΔ w ΠϯλʔϑΣΠεͷ҉໧తͳ࣮૷ ಉظඇಉظ ৘ใ w

    ͍ͭൃੜ͢Δ͔Θ͔Βͳ͍ϢʔβγεςϜΠϕϯτ w 6*ࣗମ͕࣋ͭঢ়ଶͷมԽ FHεΫϩʔϧҐஔ  w ͢΂ͯͷ࣌ؒΛந৅Խ͢Δʹ͸࿑ྗ͕͔͔ΔͷͰ֮ޛ͕ඞཁ ༨ஊϦΞΫςΟϒʹ͍ͭͯ
  28. 28 ݴޠ ґଘੑ؅ཧ λʔήοτߏ੒ ΞʔΩςΫνϟ ࣗಈԽ CI / CD πʔϧ

    Ϋϩε ϓϥοτϑΥʔϜ
  29. 29 ݴޠ ґଘੑ؅ཧ λʔήοτߏ੒ ΞʔΩςΫνϟ ࣗಈԽ CI / CD πʔϧ

    Ϋϩε ϓϥοτϑΥʔϜ
  30. 30 w ༷ʑͳఆܗ࡞ۀͷࣗಈԽπʔϧ w Ϗϧυ ςετ ॺ໊ ഑෍ ূ໌ॻߋ৽ͳͲ਺ଟ͘ͷ࡞ۀΛࣗಈԽͰ͖Δπʔϧ w

    සൟʹൃੜ͢Δ࡞ۀ΍ස౓͸௿͍͚Ͳ࣌ؒͷ͔͔Δ࡞ۀ͕Φεεϝ w Ϣχοτςετ w ಈ࡞֬ೝ༻ͷϏϧυ࡞੒ w ূ໌ॻͷߋ৽ w ։ൃϝϯόʔؒͰ࡞ۀ಺༰Λ౷ҰͰ͖Δ w $* ޙड़ ʹͷͤΔͷ΋ϥΫʹͳΔ 'BTUMBOF
  31. 31 ݴޠ ґଘੑ؅ཧ λʔήοτߏ੒ ΞʔΩςΫνϟ ࣗಈԽ CI / CD πʔϧ

    Ϋϩε ϓϥοτϑΥʔϜ
  32. 32 ݴޠ ґଘੑ؅ཧ λʔήοτߏ੒ ΞʔΩςΫνϟ ࣗಈԽ CI / CD πʔϧ

    Ϋϩε ϓϥοτϑΥʔϜ
  33. 33 w $POUJOVPVT*OUFHSBUJPO ܧଓతΠϯςάϨʔγϣϯ  w ϒϥϯνͷϚʔδλΠϛϯάͳͲͰςετΛ࣮ߦͯ͠඼࣭Λҡ࣋͢Δ͜ͱ w $POUJOVPVT%FMJWFSZ ܧଓతσϦόϦ

     w ࣗಈσϓϩΠΛࢦ͚͢ͲΞϓϦ։ൃʹ͓͍ͯ͸Ϗϧυ഑෍ͷࣗಈԽΛࢦ͢͜ͱ͕ଟ͍ $*$%ͷϝϦοτͱϫʔΫϑϩʔ PullRequest Run Tests Merge Archive Upload Distribute Continuous Integration Continuous Delivery
  34. 34 w ΞϓϦ͚ͩͰ͸ͳ͍൚༻$*αʔϏε w J04͸ઐ༻ͷϓϥϯ͕༻ҙ͞Ε͍ͯΔ w ฒྻ਺ Ϗϧυ࣌ؒ෼݄Ͱʙ w DJSDMFDJDPOpHZNMΛฤूͯ͠ॲཧΛఆٛ

    w $JSDMF$*Ͱ͸ॺ໊ؔ࿈ͷαϙʔτ͕ͳ͍ w GBTUMBOFNBUDIͷར༻Λਪ঑ $JSDMF$*
  35. 35 w ϞόΠϧಛԽܕ$*αʔϏε w ฒྻ਺ ෼ϏϧυͰʙ w ෼Ϗϧυ Ϗϧυ݄ͷແྉϓϥϯ͋Γ w

    ϫʔΫϑϩʔͷϏδϡΞϧΤσΟλ͕༻ҙ͞Ε ͍ͯΔ w ॺ໊पΓ΋αϙʔτ #JUSJTF
  36. 36 w .JDSPTPGUͷΞϓϦ։ൃαϙʔτπʔϧ w $* $%ʹՃ͑ͯΫϥογϡϨϙʔτػೳͳͲ৭ʑ w ฒྻ਺ ෼Ϗϧυ ෼݄·Ͱແྉ

    w ฒྻ਺͝ͱʹ ԁ w ߋʹ՝ۚ͢Δͱ࣮ػςετ΋Մೳ w ॺ໊·ΘΓ΋αϙʔτ w ݱࡏ͸8FC)PPL͔खಈͰͷ࣮ߦͷΈ 7JTVBM4UVEJP"QQ$FOUFS
  37. 37 w 9DPEF4FSWFS w 9DPEFͰ౷߹͞Εͨ$*ػೳ w .BDຊମͷՁ֨Λআ͚͹ ແྉ w ࣮ػςετ

    ॺ໊ ఆظ࣮ߦͳͲ΋αϙʔτ w +FOLJOT w ੲ͔Β͋Δ൚༻$*πʔϧ w ࣾ಺2"νʔϜ͕͋Δͱ͜Ζ͸࠾༻ͯ͠Δ͔΋ʁ 9DPEF4FSWFS +FOLJOT 9DPEFͷ*OUFHSBUJPOϨϙʔτ
  38. 38 $*αʔϏεൺֱ $JSDMF$* #JUSJTF "QQ$FOUFS 9DPEF4FSWFS +FOLJOT ϗεςΟϯά Ϛωʔδυ Ϛωʔδυ

    Ϛωʔδυ ηϧϑ ηϧϑ ແྉར༻ ෆՄ Մೳ Մೳ Մೳ Մೳ Ϗϧυ੍ݶ ࠷҆ϓϥϯ ฒྻ਺ ෼݄ ฒྻ਺ ෼Ϗϧυ Ϗϧυ݄ ฒྻ਺ ෼Ϗϧυ ෼݄ ฒྻ਺̍ ੍ݶͳ͠ ॺ໊αϙʔτ φγ ΞϦ ΞϦ ΞϦ ΞϦʁ ఆظ࣮ߦ ΞϦ ΞϦ φγ ΞϦ બ୒ࣜ ΞϦ
  39. 39 w "QQMFެࣜͷϕʔλςετπʔϧ w ໊ͷ಺෦ςελʔ  ໊ͷ֎෦ςελʔʹ഑෍Մೳ w ֎෦ςελʔ΁ͷ഑෍ʹ͸৹͕ࠪඞཁ w

    1VCMJD-JOLʹΑΔެ։΋αϙʔτ༧ఆ w ؅ཧऀଆͯର৅Λ؅ཧ͠ͳͯ͘ྑ͍ͷͰϥΫ w ։ൃ؀ڥ༻Ϗϧυͷ഑෍ʹ͸޲͔ͳ͍ "QQMF5FTU'MJHIU
  40. 40 w (PPHMFࡿԼͷϕʔλ഑෍αʔϏε w &OUFSQSJTFͰ͋Ε͹ ഑෍਺ͷ੍ݶ͸ͳ͍ w Πϯετʔϧ͢ΔଆͰϢʔβొ࿥͕ඞཁ w ։ൃ؀ڥ༻ϏϧυͳͲ΋ࣗ༝ʹ഑෍Մೳ

    w 'JSFCBTF΁ͷ౷߹͸·ͩͰ͔͢ 'BCSJD#FUB
  41. 41 w ࠃ࢈ͷϕʔλ഑෍αʔϏε w Πϯετʔϧ͢Δଆ͔Β͢Δͱ೔ຊޠ҆৺ w &OUFSQSJTFͰ͋Ε͹ ഑෍਺ͷ੍ݶ͸ͳ͍ w 1VCMJD-JOLʹΑΔެ։΋αϙʔτ

    w Ϣʔβ؅ཧΛ͠ͳ͍͍ͯ͘ͷͰඇৗʹϥΫ w ݸਓ޲͚ແྉϓϥϯ΋͋Δ͕νʔϜ༻్ͩͱ༗ྉ %FQMPZ(BUF
  42. 42 w .JDSPTPGU੡αʔϏε w $*ػೳͱҰॹʹ഑෍·Ͱ̍αʔϏεͰ࣮ݱͰ͖Δ w Πϯετʔϧ͢ΔଆͰϢʔβొ࿥͕ඞཁ w "QQ4UPSF$POOFDUͱ࿈ܞͯ͠ετΞ഑෍·Ͱߦ͑Δ w

    ແྉ 7JTVBM4UVEJP"QQ$FOUFS
  43. 43 w 9DPEFͰ౷߹͞Εͨػೳ w ηϧϑϗεςΟϯάܕ w ઃఆ͢Ε͹Ϣʔβొ࿥ແ͠ʹ୭Ͱ΋ΠϯετʔϧՄೳ w /8ߏங͕໘౗ 9DPEF4FSWFS

  44. 44 ϕʔλ഑෍αʔϏεൺֱ 5FTU'MJHIU 'BCSJD#FUB %FQMPZ(BUF "QQ$FOUFS 9DPEF4FSWFS ϗεςΟϯά Ϛωʔδυ Ϛωʔδυ

    Ϛωʔδυ Ϛωʔδυ ηϧϑ ແྉར༻ Մೳ Մೳ Մೳ Մೳ Մೳ Ϣʔβ؅ཧ ඞਢͰ͸ͳ͍ ඞਢ ඞਢͰ͸ͳ͍ ඞਢ ඞਢͰ͸ͳ͍ &OUFSQSJTF഑෍ ෆՄ Մೳ Մೳ Մೳ Մೳ
  45. 45 w Ͱ͖Δ͚ͩ࠷ॳʹ·Δͬͱ؀ڥΛ࡞͓ͬͯ͘ͷ͕Φεεϝ w ։ൃऴ൫ͰରԠ͠Α͏ͱࢥ͏ͱɺ༨༟ͳͯ͘์ஔ͕ͪ͠ w Ϗϧυ͕௨Δ͔Ͳ͏͔͚ͩͷνΣοΫͰ΋͍͍ͱࢥ͍·͢ w ࠷௿Ͱ΋ϕʔλ൛ͷࣗಈ഑෍͚ͩͰ΋࡞͓͖ͬͯ·͠ΐ͏ w

    ΤϯδχΞҎ֎͕޷͖ͳ࣌ʹνΣοΫͰ͖ΔͷͰ։ൃʹूதͰ͖Δ w 'BTUMBOFͱ૊Έ߹Θͤͯ࢖͏ͱɺҠߦ͠΍ͯ͘͢(00% $*$%ʹ͍ͭͯ
  46. 46 ݴޠ ґଘੑ؅ཧ λʔήοτߏ੒ ΞʔΩςΫνϟ ࣗಈԽ CI / CD πʔϧ

    Ϋϩε ϓϥοτϑΥʔϜ
  47. 47 ݴޠ ґଘੑ؅ཧ λʔήοτߏ੒ ΞʔΩςΫνϟ ࣗಈԽ CI / CD πʔϧ

    Ϋϩε ϓϥοτϑΥʔϜ
  48. 48 w -JOUFSίʔυελΠϧͷ౷Ұ΍ɺ໰୊͕ى͖΍͍͢ॻ͖ํͷνΣοΫπʔϧ w 4XJGU-JOU͕ϝδϟʔ 0CK$ʹ0$-JOU΋͋Δ͚Ͳ͋·Γར༻ࣄྫฉ͔ͳ͍  w ϥΫϚͷྫ w

    *60 ΞΫηε Λߦ͏࣌͸෦෼తʹίϝϯτΛඞͣ࢒͢Α͏ʹ͢Δ w νʔϜ։ൃͰศར͚ͩͲɺ-JOUFSΛ࢖͏͜ͱ͕໨తʹͳΒͳ͍Α͏ʹ஫ҙ ͦͷଞͷ։ൃπʔϧ
  49. 49 ݴޠ ґଘੑ؅ཧ λʔήοτߏ੒ ΞʔΩςΫνϟ ࣗಈԽ CI / CD πʔϧ

    Ϋϩε ϓϥοτϑΥʔϜ
  50. 50 ݴޠ ґଘੑ؅ཧ λʔήοτߏ੒ ΞʔΩςΫνϟ ࣗಈԽ CI / CD πʔϧ

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  51. 51 ΫϩεϓϥοτϑΥʔϜ

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  53. 53 w (PPHMF͕೥ʹൃදͨ͠πʔϧ w J04 "OESPJE 8FCΛλʔήοτͱͯ͠%BSUͰهड़ w ߴύϑΥʔϚϯε w

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  54. 54 w 3FBDUΛཧղͯ͠Δਓʹͱͬͯ͸Ұఆͷબ୒ࢶ w ։ൃϝϯόʔͷߏ੒΍εΩϧηοτ͕બ୒ͷج४ w ωΠςΟϒ࣮૷Λ3/'MVUUFSͰॻ͖௚͢ϝϦοτ͸ࠓ͸ײ͡ͳ͍ w ৽نҊ݅ͰΫϩεϓϥοτϑΥʔϜ։ൃ଎౓ॏࢹͳΒΞϦ w

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  56. 56 w ΞϓϦ։ൃͷ̔ͭͷτϐοΫεʹ͍ͭͯ঺հɾ੔ཧ w ݴޠɺґଘੑ؅ཧɺλʔήοτߏ੒ɺΞʔΩςΫνϟɺࣗಈԽɺ$*$%ɺπʔϧɺΫϩε ϓϥοτϑΥʔϜ w ॠؒతͳ࿩୊ੑʹ߄ͯͳͯ͘΋େৎ෉ w ͦΕ͕ղܾ͠Α͏ͱ͍ͯ͠Δ՝୊Λ͔ͬ͠Γͱཧղ͓ͯ͘͜͠ͱ͕େࣄ

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  60. 60 w "JSCOC&OHJOFFSJOH%BUB4DJFODF w 3FBDU/BUJWFBU"JSCOC w 3FBDU/BUJWFBU"JSCOC5IF5FDIOPMPHZ w #VJMEJOHB$SPTT1MBUGPSN.PCJMF5FBN w

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  61. 61 w 'MVUUFS w "OESPJEJ04ΞϓϦͷ։ൃʹΫϩεϓϥοτϑΥʔϜͷ'MVUUFSΛ࣮ઓ౤ೖͨ͠ w 'MVUUFSͰ%SPJE,BJHJͷJ04ΞϓϦΛ࡞Γ·ͨ͠c,POJGBS`T8*1 w J04ωΠςΟϒΞϓϦ։ൃऀ͔Βݟͨ'MVUUFS w

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