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WEB+DB PRESSと私

inao
October 15, 2023

WEB+DB PRESSと私

「大江戸Ruby会議10」での発表資料です。

https://regional.rubykaigi.org/oedo10/

inao

October 15, 2023
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  1. Ҵඌঘಙɺେߐށ3VCZձٞɺ
    8%#13&44ͱࢲ

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  2. લఏ
    w ͋͘·Ͱʮࢲʯͷ৔߹ͷ͓࿩Ͱ͢
    w ฤूऀ͝ͱʹߟ͑ํ΍΍Γํ͸͔ͳΓҟͳΓ·͢

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  3. 8%#13&44ͱࢲ
    ഔମ঺հ݉ࣗݾ঺հ

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  4. 8%#13&44
    8FCΞϓϦέʔγϣϯ։ൃͷͨΊ
    ͷϓϩάϥϛϯάٕज़৘ใࢽɹɹ
    ٕज़ධ࿦ࣾൃߦɻִ݄ץ
    w 7PMʙɿฤू෦Ճೖ
    w 7PMʙɿσεΫ
    w 7PMʙɿ෭ฤू௕
    w 7PMʙɿฤू௕
    w ִ݄ץ࠷ऴ߸Λ΋ͬͯୀ৬

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  5. 8%#13&44QMVT
    8%#13&44ฤू෦͕ࣗ৴Λ
    ͓࣋ͬͯಧ͚͢Δॻ੶ʗϜοΫγ
    Ϧʔζɻݱࡏ఺
    ˞࠶ऩ࿥ϜοΫɺاը΍୤ߘޙʹҾ͖
    ܧ͍ͩ΋ͷͳͲ͸আ͍ͨ୲౰ഔମ

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  6. 8%#13&44ͱίϛϡχςΟ
    ʮ8%#13&44૑ץप೥ύʔςΟʢ෭୊ɿ͏·͍೑ͱ*1"ʣʯΛ୊ࡐʹ

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  7. ࣸਅɿ!OBLBOTVLF

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  8. ߴڮ੐ٛ͞Μ
    גࣜձࣾୡਓग़൛ձʗҰൠࣾஂ๏ਓ೔ຊ3VCZͷձ
    ʮ8%#13&44ٳץʹدͤͯʯ
    IUUQTTQFBLFSEFDLDPNUBLBIBTIJNXFC
    QMVTECQSFTTYJVLBOOJKJTFUF TMJEF

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  9. ౻ຊਅथ͞Μ
    άϦʔגࣜձࣾ$50ʗσδλϧி$50

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  10. େ࿨ా७͞Μ
    দຊࢢຽ
    IUUQTUXJUUFSDPNKVOFCPLVTUBUVT

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  11. ঙ࢘Յ৫͞Μ
    MBVODIBCMF*ODΤϯδχΞ
    IUUQTUXJUUFSDPNZPTIJPSJTUBUVT

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  12. খࢁ఩ࢤ͞Μ
    IUUQTUXJUUFSDPNLPZIPHFTUBUVT

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  13. (JU)VC,BJHJͰͷࢲͷεϥΠυΑΓ
    ʮ(JU)VCͰࡶࢽɾॻ੶Λ࡞Δʯ
    IUUQTTQFBLFSEFDLDPNJOBPHJUIVCLBJHJ

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  14. 8%#13&44ͱ໨࣍
    ʮίϛϡχςΟʯͱݴ͍͚ͬͯͨͩΔΑ͏ͳࡶࢽͷ໨࣍͸
    ͲͷΑ͏ͳߟ͑ʹج͖ͮ࡞͍ͬͯͨͷ͔

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  15. લఏ
    w ຊͷهࣄʹ͸ɺஶऀ͞Μͷ஌ݟ΍͕࣌ؒ٧·͍ͬͯΔ
    w ಡऀͷํͷ࣌ؒ͸وॏɾߴՁ
    w ಡऀͷํ͸࢓ࣄɺੜۀͱͯ͠औΓ૊ΜͰ͍Δ
    w ܦඅͰങͬͯɺۀ຿தʹಡΉ΋ͷʢͰ͋Δ͜ͱ͕ཧ૝ʣ
    w ʮࡶʯࢽͳͷͰɺશһʹશهࣄ͕ڹ͘Α͏ʹ͸࡞Εͳ͍

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  16. ͦ͏Ͱ͋ΔͳΒ͹
    w ຊͷ໾ཱͭهࣄ͸ɺಡऀͷํͷ͓࣌ؒΛ਺࣌ؒɺ਺೔ɺ͋Δ͍͸΋ͬͱ
    અ໿͢Δ
    w ໾ཱͭهࣄ͕ຊ͋Ε͹ɺ ԁʴ੫͸ݩ͕ͱΕΔɺങͬͨ΄͏͕͓ಘ
    w ʮ͋Ε΋͜Ε΋ಡΈ͍ͨʂʯͰ͋Ε͹ɺͳ͓ͷ͜ͱ

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  17. w 7PMΛྫʹ

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  18. w 3VCZͷهࣄ͕ಡΈ͍ͨʂ

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  19. w 3VCZͷهࣄ͕ಡΈ͍ͨʂ
    w J04ͷهࣄ͕ಡΈ͍ͨʂ

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  20. w 3VCZͷهࣄ͕ಡΈ͍ͨʂ
    w J04ͷهࣄ͕ಡΈ͍ͨʂ
    w 0,3ͷهࣄ͕ಡΈ͍ͨʂ

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  21. w 3VCZͷهࣄ͕ಡΈ͍ͨʂ
    w J04ͷهࣄ͕ಡΈ͍ͨʂ
    w 0,3ͷهࣄ͕ಡΈ͍ͨʂ
    w ΦϒδΣΫτࢦ޲6*σβΠϯͷهࣄ
    ͕ಡΈ͍ͨʂ

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  22. w 3VCZͷهࣄ͕ಡΈ͍ͨʂ
    w J04ͷهࣄ͕ಡΈ͍ͨʂ
    w 0,3ͷهࣄ͕ಡΈ͍ͨʂ
    w ΦϒδΣΫτࢦ޲6*σβΠϯͷهࣄ
    ͕ಡΈ͍ͨʂ
    w ʜʜ

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  23. w 3VCZͷهࣄ͕ಡΈ͍ͨʂ
    w J04ͷهࣄ͕ಡΈ͍ͨʂ
    w 0,3ͷهࣄ͕ಡΈ͍ͨʂ
    w ΦϒδΣΫτࢦ޲6*σβΠϯͷهࣄ
    ͕ಡΈ͍ͨʂ
    w ʜʜ
    w ʜʜ

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  24. w ͍ͭ͘ͷΧϥʔΛ༻ҙͰ͖Δ͔
    w ಉ͡৭͹͔Γͩͱɺ޿͍૚ͷಡऀͷ
    ํʹ͸ࢗ͞Βͳ͍
    w ͨ͘͞Μͷํʹͱͬͯͷʮ͋Ε΋͜
    Ε΋ಡΈ͍ͨʂʯ͕ཧ૝

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  25. ॻ͖ԼΖ͠هࣄͷཻ౓
    w ಛूɿϖʔδ͘Β͍
    w ಛผاըɿϖʔδ͘Β͍
    w Ұൠهࣄɿϖʔδ͘Β͍
    ඞཁͳର৅ಡऀͷ޿͞͸ɺಛूʼಛผاըʼҰൠهࣄ
    ҰൠهࣄͰ͸ɺχονͳςʔϚͰ΋औΓ্͛ΒΕΔ
    ྫɿ৽ొ৔ͨ͠ஈ֊ͰҰൠهࣄͱͯ͠औΓ্͛ɺ޿͘ීٴͨ͠ஈ֊Ͱ
    ಛूͱͯ͠औΓ্͛Δ

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  26. 3BJMTΛྫʹ
    ಛผاըˠಛूˠಛू

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  27. ࿈ࡌͷϝϦοτ
    w ʮࠓ߸͸̋̋ͷهࣄ͕ͳ͍ͳʔʯΛආ͚ΒΕΔ
    w ॻ͖׳Εͨஶऀ͞ΜʹΑΔ҆ఆͨࣥ͠͝ච
    w ஶऀ͞Μ୳͠ɺࢽ໘σβΠϯͷґཔͳͲ͸ॳճ͚ͩͰࡁΉ
    w ०ͳωλΛ੝ΓࠐΊΔ
    w ॻ͖ԼΖ͠هࣄɿൃചϲ݄લ͔Βࣥච
    w ࿈ࡌهࣄɿൃചϲ݄લ͔Βࣥච

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  28. ܝࡌλΠϛϯά
    w ಡऀͷํͷ൒าઌͷλΠϛϯάͰऔΓ্͍͛ͨ
    w ஶऀ͞Μ͸ʙาઌΛ͍͍ͬͯΔ͜ͱ΋ଟ͍

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  29. ৽ొ৔ͷͱ͖ͷ3BJMTɺ࠷ۙͷJ04
    ৽ొ৔ͷͱ͖ͷ3BJMT͸
    ஶऀ͞Μʹ͝ఏҊ͍ͨͩ
    ͍͔ͯΒ߸͘Β͍஗Β
    ͤͯܝࡌ
    όʔδϣϯΞοϓͰ͋ΔJ04͸
    ݄ʹϦϦʔεɺ݄ʹҹ࡮
    ॴೖߘɺ݄ʹൃചͱ࠷଎Ͱ
    ܝࡌ

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  30. ʮ8%#13&44૯ूฤʦ7PMʙʧʯQ
    ࠷৽ͷ૯ूฤʹ΋ऩ࿥

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  31. 8%#13&44ͱاը
    ΤϯδχΞͰ͸ͳ͍ฤूऀ͕Ͳ͏΍ͬͯاըΛཱͯΔͷ͔

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  32. ฤू෦Ճೖ࣌ͷࢲ
    w ΞύονΣʁɹϖʔϧʁɹϥϏʔʁɹϑΟιϯʁ
    w ͱΓͭ͘͠·͕ͳ͗ͯ͢͞ɺͲ͏΍ͬͯاըΛཱͯͯΑ͍͔Θ͔Βͳ͍ʂ
    ʮ8%#13&44૯ूฤʦ7PMʙʧʯQ
    ࠷৽ͷ૯ूฤʹ΋ऩ࿥

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  33. ͱΓͭ͘͠·͕ͳཱ͗ͯͯͨ͢͞Ծઆ
    w ๻͸ɺԿͷม఩΋ͳ͍ɺ͘͢͝ฏۉతͳਓؒͰ͋Δ
    w ͩͬͨΒɺ๻͕ڵຯ͋Δ͜ͱ͸ɺΈͳ͞Μ΋͝ڵຯ͋Γ·͢ΑͶʁ
    w ๻͕͓΋͠Ζ͍ͱࢥ͏΋ͷ͸ɺΈͳ͞Μ΋͓΋͠Ζ͍ͱࢥͬͯ͘Ε·͢ΑͶʁ
    w ๻͕͍͢͝ͱࢥ͏ਓͷهࣄ͸ɺΈͳ͞Μ΋ಡΜͰΈ͍ͨͰ͢ΑͶʁ

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  34. 8%#13&44͸ઐ໳ࢽ
    w ઐ໳ࢽʗઐ໳ॻ͸ɺઐ໳Ո͕ઐ໳Ոʹ޲͚ͯॻ͘΋ͷ
    w ஶऀ͞Μ͸ಡऀͰ΋͋Δ͠ɺಡऀͷํ͸ஶऀʹͳΓ͏Δ
    w ʰ&YDFMೖ໳ʱʰ౤ࢿ৴ୗೖ໳ʱΈ͍ͨͳઐ໳Ո͕Ұൠͷਓʹ޲͚ͯॻ͘
    ʮҰൠॻʯͱ͸ҟͳΓɺʮઐ໳ॻʯ͸ஶऀ΋ฤूऀ΋ಡऀͷํʹ͍ۙҐஔʹ
    ͍Δ

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  35. ͦ͏Ͱ͋ΔͳΒ͹
    w ϖϧιφͱ͔Ͱ͸ͳ͘ɺຊ౰ʹಡऀͷํͷ͓إ͕ݟ͑Δʂ͓࿩͕ฉ͚Δʂ
    w ஶऀ͞Μͱͷձ࿩ɺษڧձɺ࠙਌ձɺ4/4ʜʜ
    w ஶऀ͞Μ͔Βͷ͝ఏҊ΋ͨ͘͞Μʂ
    w ͜Εॻ͖͍ͨɺ͜ΕಡΈ͍ͨ

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  36. J04ͱ͔ͷఆظߋ৽΋ͷ͸ࠩ෼Λຖ೥஌Γ͍ͨ
    দా໌͞Μ

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  37. 3VCZΛ࡞͍ͬͯΔਓ͕͔ͤͬۙ͘͘ʹ͍ΔΜ͔ͩΒ
    ࡞ͬͨਓʹΑΔهࣄ͕ಡΈ͍ͨ
    দా໌͞Μ

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  38. 8%#13&44ͱஶऀ͞Μ
    Ͳ͏΍ͬͯஶऀ͞ΜΛ։୓͍ͯ͠Δͷ͔

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  39. ʮ8%#13&44૯ूฤʦ7PMʙʧʯQ
    ࠷৽ͷ૯ूฤʹ΋ऩ࿥

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  40. 8%#13&44ͷஶऀ͞Μ͸Կਓʁ
    7PMʙ
    w ਓҎ্ͷஶऀ͞ΜʢϢχʔΫ਺ʣ
    w ߸͋ͨΓਓલޙͷ৽نஶऀ͞Μ
    ͜Ε͚ͩͷ਺ͷஶऀ͞ΜΛͲ͏΍ͬͯ։୓͍ͯ͠Δͷ͔

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  41. લఏ
    w ґཔͯ͠அΒΕΔ͜ͱ΁ͷ఍߅͸΄΅ͳ͍Ͱ͢
    w ਖ਼֬ʹݴ͏ͱɺਓฒΈʹ͋ΔΜ͚ͩͲແࢹͰ͖·͢
    w ͳͷͰɺΧδϡΞϧʹґཔͰ͖·͢

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  42. ϦϑΝϥϧ
    ͋Δఔ౓ͷܦݧΛੵΜͩฤूऀʹڞ௨ͷํ๏
    w ͭͯΛͨͲΔ
    w ʮ͜Εʹ͍ͭͯॻ͍ͯͩ͘͞Γͦ͏ͳํΛ͝ଘ஌ͳ͍Ͱ͔͢ʁʯ
    w ʮ͜ͷਓΛ঺հ͍ͯͩ͘͠͞ʂʯ
    w ঺հ΍ਪન͍ͯͨͩ͘͠
    w ʮ͜͏Ώ͏ͷॻ͖͍ͨਓ͕͍ΔΜ͚ͩͲʯ
    w ʮ͜ͷਓ͍͢͝Αʂʯ

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  43. ·ͬͨͭ͘ͳ͕Γͳ͍ํʹಥܸʂ
    ͨͿΜԦಓͳΜ͚ͩͲɺࢲ͸͋·Γ΍Βͳ͍
    w اըॻΛఴ͑ͯɺ͋Βͨ·ͬͨϝʔϧΛૹ৴
    ࢲͷ৔߹͸೥ʹʙճͱ͔

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  44. Πϕϯτձ৔΍࠙਌ձΛ΀Β΀Β
    ͜ΕΛ΍Δฤूऀ͸ҙ֎ʹ΋গͳ͍͚Ͳɺࢲ͸ఆ൪
    w ʮͦΕ͓΋͠Ζ͍Ͱ͢Ͷʔɻͥͻهࣄʹʂʯ
    w ʮ͜ͷ৔ʹͲͳ͔ͨॻ͍ͯ͘Εͦ͏ͳਓ͸͍·ͤΜ͔ʁʯ
    w ʮ͜Εॻ͖͍ͨΜ͚ͩͲʯ΋ଟ਺
    ʮΠϕϯτձ৔ʹ͜Ζ͕͍ͬͯΑ͏ʯʮ࠙਌ձاըʯ͕Ϟοτʔ
    ʢίϩφՒͰ͸ઈ໓͍ٕͯͨ͠๏ʣ

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  45. +YDL͞Μͱͷࢥ͍ग़
    ʮ8FC%#1SFTTΛγϯλοΫεϋΠ
    ϥΠτͨ͠࿩ͷཪଆʯ
    IUUQTXXXEPDTXFMMDPNTKYDL;9:9(
    TZOUBYIJHIMJHIUXFCECQSFTT

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  46. lҴඌ͞ΜʢฤूऀͷҴඌঘಙࢯʣͱ͓ձ͍͖͔͚ͨͬ͠΋͜
    ͷಡॻձʢҾ༻ऀ஫ɿ1PG&""ಡॻձʣͰͨ͠ɻ଍Ͱ୳͢ฤ
    ूऀʢসʣɻ֯ా͞ΜʢΦϨϯδχϡʔεͷ֯ా௚ߦࢯʣ͔
    Βʮ࠙਌ձʹࢀՃ͍͍ͨͬͯ͠͏ฤूऀ͕͍ΔΜͰ͕͢ʯͱ
    ଧ਍͞ΕͯɻͰɺʮهࣄॻ͍ͯ͘Ε·ͤΜ͔ʯͱʢসʣɻz
    ֯୩৴ଠ࿠͞Μͱͷग़ձ͍
    ʮΑ͓͔͠º֯୩ରஊʰษڧձʹ຾Δๅ෺ʱʯ
    IUUQTKJCVOBUNBSLJUDPKQMDPNDTIUNM

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  47. lޡղΛڪΕͣݴ͑͹ɺηογϣϯΛฉ͍͍ͯΔͩ
    ͚ͷਓ͸ૉਓͳΘ͚Ͱ͢ΑɻηογϣϯҎ֎ͷ৔
    ॴͰɺ୭ͱ࿩ͨ͠ͱ͔ɺ஌Γ߹͍͕૿͑ͨͱ͔ɺ
    ΞΠσΞΛަ׵ͨ͠ͱ͔ɺͦ͏͍ͬͨ͜ͱʹՁ஋
    ͕͋Δ͸ͣɻz
    ʮηογϣϯΛฉ͍͍ͯΔ͚ͩͷਓ͸ૉਓʯ
    ֯୩৴ଠ࿠͞Μ
    ʮ3VCZձٞӡӦҕһ௕ɺ֯୩৴ଠ࿠͞ΜΠϯλϏϡʔʯ
    IUUQTHJIZPKQOFXTSFQPSUSVCZLBJHJ

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  48. 8%#13&44ͱݪߘ
    ΤϯδχΞͰ͋ΓɺࣥචͷϓϩͰ͸ͳ͍ஶऀ͞Μ͔Β
    ݪߘΛ͍͔ʹ௖ଷ͢Δ͔

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  49. 8%#13&44ͷஶऀ͞Μ
    w ຊ৬͸ΤϯδχΞ
    w ໷ؒɾٳ೔ʹ͓ॻ͖ʹͳΔํ͕ଟ͍
    w ฤूऀ͸ฏ೔೔தʹಈ͘ͷͰɺ΍ΓͱΓ͸ඇಉظ
    w ࣥචͷϓϩͰ͸ͳ͍
    w ΠϯλϏϡʔهࣄͷΠϯλϏϡΞʔͱ͔΋ΤϯδχΞͷํ
    w ࣥ͝චࣗମ͕ॳΊͯͷํ͕ଟ͍

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  50. શମͷྲྀΕ
    w ଧͪ߹ΘͤʢҎ߱͸(JU)VCͰඇಉظͰ΍ΓͱΓʣ
    w اըৄࡉԽʢΞ΢τϥΠϯʣ
    w اըձٞɹʢൃചϲ݄લʣ
    w ͓కΊ੾Γʢൃചϲ݄લʣ
    w ҹ࡮ॴೖߘʢൃചϲ݄લʣ
    w ൃച

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  51. (JU)VCͰͷ΍ΓͱΓ
    w 8*1ʢ8PSL*O1SPHSFTTʣͳ1VMM3FRVFTUΛग़ͯ͠࡞ۀ
    w ΨΠυͱͳΔJTTVFΛཱͯΔ
    w ͜ͷஈ֊Ͱ͸͜ΕΛ΍͍ͬͯͩ͘͞
    w JTTVFͷςϯϓϨʔτ͸໿ສࣈ
    w ϙΠϯλͱͳΔυΩϡϝϯτ
    w ͜Μͳײ͡Ͱॻ͍͍ͯͩ͘͞
    w 3&"%.&NE͸໿ສࣈ

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  52. (JU)VC͸ฤूऀʹͱͬͯ΋΍Γ΍͍͢؀ڥ
    w ஶ࡞ݖऀ͸ஶऀ͞Μ
    w ʮɺʯͷҐஔΛม͑Δͱ͍ͬͨ͜ͱ΋ɺஶऀ͞ΜͷڐՄͳ͘͸ߦ͑ͳ͍
    w (JU)VCͩͱมߋఏҊ΍ϦϥΠτΛ͠΍͍͢
    w ࠩ෼Λ֬ೝͰ͖Δ
    w ίϛοτϝοηʔδͰมߋҙਤΛ఻͑ΒΕΔ
    w 1VMM3FRVFTUΛഁغͨ͠ΓόʔδϣϯΛ໭ͨ͠ΓͰ͖Δ

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  53. Ξ΢τϥΠϯॏཁ
    w ࣥච։࢝લʹɺΞ΢τϥΠϯΛຊ൪ͱಉ౳ʹৄࡉԽ͢Δ
    w ͜ͷλΠϛϯάͰҰ౓ৄࡉԽ͖͓ͬͯ͘͠΄͏͕͏·͘ਐΉ
    w ಛूͩͱҎ্ͷݟग़͠
    w ॻ͖ͳ͕ΒɺΑΓྑ͍Ξ΢τϥΠϯ΁ϒϥογϡΞοϓ͍ͯ͘͠
    ˞ࣄલʹΞ΢τϥΠϯΛߟҊ͢Δͷ͸ۤख͚ͩͲɺ͢͹Β͍͠௕จΛ͓ॻ͖ʹ
    ͳΔํ΋كʹ͍Βͬ͠ΌΔɻ͘͝كͳͷͰɺؾܰʹख͸ग़͞ͳ͍΄͏͕Α͍

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  54. ࣥචͷྲྀΕ
    w ૲ߘʢओʹମࡋͷ֬ೝɻະࣥචՕॴଟ਺ʣ
    w ૲ߘ
    w ୤ߘʢҰ௨Γॻ্͖͕Γʣ
    w ׬શ୤ߘʢϨϏϡʔ΁ͷରԠ΍෼ྔௐ੔ʣ
    λΠϜϘοΫε͸िؒɻࣥචظؒ͸ϲ݄
    ʢॻ੶ͷ৔߹ͷλΠϜϘοΫε͸ϲ݄ɻʮ݄ʹOষࣥචʯͱ͔ͰਐΊΔʣ

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  55. ࠓճͷొஃʹ͋ͨͬͯฦ͖ͬͯͨϒʔϝϥϯ
    দా໌͞Μʹొஃ࣌ؒʹ͍ͭͯ͝૬ஊͨ͠ͱ͖ͷ͓ฦࣄ

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  56. 8%#13&44ͱจষ
    Θ͔Γ΍͍͢จষ΍Ξ΢τϥΠϯͱ͸

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  57. ޠॱ
    ௕͍म০ޠ͸લʹɺ୹͍म০ޠ͸ޙʹ
    ͍ͣΕ΋ʮࢴʯʹ܎͍ͬͯΔʮന͍ࢴʯʮԣઢͷҾ͔Εͨࢴʯ
    ʮްखͷࢴʯͷͭΛͭʹ·ͱΊΔ৔߹ɺ௨Γͷฒ΂ํ͕͋Δ
    ✕ന͍ԣઢͷҾ͔Εͨްखͷࢴʢന͍ԣઢʁʣ
    ✕ްखͷԣઢͷҾ͔Εͨന͍ࢴʢްखͷԣઢʁʣ
    ✕ްखͷന͍ԣઢͷҾ͔Εͨࢴʢްखͷന͍ԣઢʁʣ
    ✕ʜʜ
    ˓ԣઢͷҾ͔Εͨްखͷന͍ࢴ
    ຊଟউҰஶʰ৽൛೔ຊޠͷ࡞จٕज़ʱ
    ே೔৽ฉग़൛ɺɺୈࡾষʮम০ͷॱংʯ

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  58. ಡ఺ͷ͏͔ͪͨ
    ޠॱ͕ٯॱͷ৔߹ʹςϯΛ͏ͭ
    ओޠͷڧௐͷͨΊͳͲͰɺઌड़ͨ͠ޠॱͷ๏ଇ͔Βมߋ͢Δ৔߹
    มߋͨ͠Օॴʹಡ఺Λଧͭ
    w ݂·ΈΕʹͳͬͯಀ͛ग़ͨ͠଑Λ౉ลܐࣄ͸௥͍͔͚ͨɻ
    ʢޠॱͷ๏ଇͲ͓ΓͳͷͰಡ఺ෆཁʣ
    w ౉ลܐࣄ͸ɺ݂·ΈΕʹͳͬͯಀ͛ग़ͨ͠଑Λ௥͍͔͚ͨɻ
    ʢಡ఺͕ͳ͍ͱʮ౉ลܐࣄ͸݂·ΈΕʹͳͬͯʯͱͳΔʣ
    ຊଟউҰஶʰ৽൛೔ຊޠͷ࡞จٕज़ʱ
    ே೔৽ฉग़൛ɺɺୈ࢛ষʮ۟ಡ఺ͷ͏͔ͪͨʯ

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  59. ಡ఺ͷ͏͔ͪͨ
    ௕͍म০ޠ͕ೋͭҎ্͋Δͱ͖ɺͦͷڥքʹςϯΛ͏ͭ
    ઓલ͔ΒͷۀքͷྲྀΕΛ஌Δװ෦΋ɺ
    ੲͷ͜ͱ͸Կ΋஌Βͳ͍एख΋ɺ
    ࠓ೥ͷړ֫΍͔ͭͯͷ๺༸ʹ͍ͭͯฉ͘ͱ
    ͏͠ΖΊͨͦ͏ͳإʹͳͬͨɻ
    ຊଟউҰஶʰ৽൛೔ຊޠͷ࡞จٕज़ʱ
    ே೔৽ฉग़൛ɺɺୈ࢛ষʮ۟ಡ఺ͷ͏͔ͪͨʯ

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  60. ॏཁͰ͸ͳ͍༻ޠ΋ɺ؆୯ʹ͸આ໌͢Δ
    ͍͍͢͢ಡΈਐΊΔʹ͸ʮͳΜͱͳ͘Ͱ΋Θ͔Δʯ͜ͱ͕ॏཁ
    Ԭౡ޾உஶ
    ʰडୗ։ൃͷۃҙʱ
    ٕज़ධ࿦ࣾɺɺQɺ
    ʮϏϧυΛߦ͏˓˓ϝιουʯʮ˓˓ͱ͍͏࠷దԽख๏ʯͳͲ
    Ұݴઆ໌͕͋Δ͚ͩͰ͙ͬͱಡΈਐΊ΍͘͢ͳΔ

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  61. Ͳͷ༻ޠ·Ͱઆ໌͢Δʁ
    ର৅ಡऀɺΰʔϧɺ࢖͑Δ෼ྔʹΑͬͯҟͳΔ
    w Կ·Ͱ͸આ໌ͤͣɺԿ͔Βઆ໌͢Δ͔͸೰·͍͠
    w ม਺ͱ͸͔Βʁܕ͔Βʁؔ਺͔ΒʁΫϩʔδϟ͔Βʁ
    w ͦ͜Λਂ͘೰Ή͘Β͍ͳΒɺ෼ྔʹ༨༟͕͋Δ৔߹ɺɹɹ
    ͥΜͿઆ໌Ͱ౷Ұ͢Δ΄͏ָ͕ͰΘ͔Γ΍͍͢͜ͱ΋ଟ͍
    w ʰ4XJGU࣮ફೖ໳ʱ͸ଞݴޠͷܦݧ͕͋Δਓ͕ର৅͕ͩɹ
    ม਺ͱ͸ɺఆ਺ͱ͸ɺ͔Βઆ໌͍ͯ͠Δ
    ੴ઒༸ࢿɺ੢ࢁ༐ੈஶ
    ʰʦ૿ิվగୈ൛ʧ4XJGU࣮ફೖ໳ʱ
    ٕज़ධ࿦ࣾɺ

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  62. छผΛ໌ه͢Δ
    ϝιουɺΫϥεɺΠϯλϑΣʔεɺܕɺ഑ྻɺཁૉɺଐੑʜʜ
    ࢁຊཅฏஶ
    ʰ8FCΛࢧ͑Δٕज़ʱ
    ٕज़ධ࿦ࣾɺɺQ
    ʮ̋̋ϝιουʯʮ̋̋Ϋϥεʯʮ̋̋ΠϯλϑΣʔεʯʮ̋̋ܕʯ
    ʮ̋̋഑ྻʯͳͲछผ͕͋Δ͚ͩͰ͙ͬͱಡΈਐΊ΍͘͢ͳΔ
    ͨͱ͑͹ɺ୯ʹʮIʯΑΓ΋ʮIཁૉʯͷ΄͏͕Θ͔Γ΍͍͢͠
    ʮݟग़͠Λද͢Iཁૉʯͷ΄͏͕΋ͬͱΘ͔Γ΍͍͢

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  63. ࢦࣔ୅໊ࢺ͸ଟ༻͠ͳ͍
    ࢖͏৔߹΋ʮ͜Ε͸ʯΑΓʮ͜ͷϝιου͸ʯͷ΄͏͕Θ͔Γ΍͍͢
    w ʮ͜ΕʯʮͦΕʯͳͲͷࢦࣔ୅໊ࢺ͕ଟ਺ొ৔͢ΔͱɺԿΛࢦ͔͕͢Θ͔Γ
    ʹ͍͘
    w ໌֬Ͱ͸ͳ͘ͳΔՕॴͰ͸ɺʮ̋̋ϝιουʯͷΑ͏ʹ۩ମతʹॻ͘
    w ࢖͏৔߹΋ɺʮ͜Ε͸ʯͱ͍ͬͨࢦࣔ୅໊ࢺΑΓɺʮ͜ͷϝιου͸ʯͱ͍
    ͬͨࢦࣔ࿈ମࢺͷ΄͏͕Θ͔Γ΍͍͢

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  64. ৑௕දݱΛ؆ུԽ͢Δ
    શഇ͢Δඞཁ͸ͳ͍͚Ͳɺͳͤ͘ΔՕॴ͸ͳ͘͢
    w ͠·͏ɺ͠·͍ɺ͠·ͬ
    w ʮ৘ใ͕ࣦΘΕͯ͠·͏ʯˠʮ৘ใ͕ࣦΘΕΔʯ
    w Α͏ͳɺΑ͏ʹɺͱ͍͏ɺͱ͍ͬͨ
    w ʮදʹࣔ͢Α͏ͳπʔϧʯˠʮදʹࣔ͢πʔϧʯ
    w ͯΈͯɺͯΈΔ
    w ʮࢼͯ͠Έ͍ͯͩ͘͞ʯˠʮࢼ͍ͯͩ͘͠͞ʯ
    w ඇৗʹɺͱͯ΋ɺ͍ͨ΁Μ
    w ଟ༻͢ΔͱɺڧௐޮՌ͕ബΕΔ
    HSFQS͠·<͍͏ͬ>
    HSFQSΑ͏<ͳʹ>
    HSFQSͱ͍<͏ͬ>
    HSFQSͯΈ<ͨͯΔ>
    HSFQS&ඇৗʹcͱͯ΋c͍ͨ΁Μcେม

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  65. ஈམ෼͚
    ҙຯͷ·ͱ·Γ͝ͱʹ෼͚ɺஈམͰ͸τϐοΫʢ࿩୊ʣͷΈѻ͏
    ֤ͦͯ͠ஈམͷจ໨ʹ͸ɺஈམͷओ୊Λઆ໌͢Δจʢτϐ
    οΫηϯςϯεʣΛॻ͘
    ០ढ़وஶ
    ʰʦ૿ิվగʧྑ͍ίʔυΛॻٕ͘ज़ʱ
    ٕज़ධ࿦ࣾɺɺQ
    τϐοΫηϯςϯε͕֓ཁɺҎ͕߱ৄࡉ
    ֤ஈམͷจ໨͚ͩΛಡΊ͹ɺจষͷཁ໿ʹͳΔ

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  66. ద੾ͳʮҙຯͷ·ͱ·Γʯͬͯʁ
    ஈམͷཻ౓͸ɺݟग़͠ͷཻ౓ʹൺྫ͢Δ
    w ݟग़͠ͷཻ౓͕େ͖͍ͱɺஈམͷཻ౓΋େ͖͘ͳΔ
    w ݟग़͠ͷཻ౓͕খ͚͞Ε͹ʢݟग़͕͠ࡉ෼Խ͞Ε͍ͯΕ͹ʣɹ
    ஈམͷཻ౓ʢͭͷτϐοΫʣ΋খ͘͞ͳΔ
    3VCZͷόʔδϣϯ͝ͱͷಛ௃
    όʔδϣϯͷஈམ
    όʔδϣϯͷஈམ
    ʜʜ
    3VCZͷόʔδϣϯ͝ͱͷಛ௃
    όʔδϣϯ
    όʔδϣϯͷ֓ཁͷஈམ
    όʔδϣϯͷ̋̋ͷஈམ
    ʜʜ
    όʔδϣϯ
    ʜʜ

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  67. ஈམʹؔ͢Δࢀߟจݙ
    ໦Լੋ༤ஶʰཧՊܥͷ࡞จٕज़ʱதԝެ࿦৽ࣾɺ

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  68. จষΛಡΉ͚ͩͰɺେҙ͸௥͑ΔΑ͏ʹ͢Δ
    ݟग़͠ɺιʔείʔυɺਤɺද͸ಡΈඈ͹͞Ε͕ͪ
    ా᝷૱ஶ
    ʰ'MVFOUE࣮ફೖ໳ʱ
    ٕज़ධ࿦ࣾɺɺQ
    จ໨͕ͳ͍৔߹ɺҎ߱ͷຊจͰʮ5%@"(&/5@015*0/4ʯͳͲ͕ొ৔ͨ͠ͱ͖
    ຊจͰ͸ॳग़ͳͷͰʮ͜ΕͳʹʁʯͱͳΓ͕ͪ

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  69. Ξ΢τϥΠϯ

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  70. ʮݟग़͠ͷద੾ͳ֊૚ͱ਺ʯ͸ʁ
    ഔମʹΑͬͯҟͳΔ
    w 8%#13&44ʢ#ɺஈ૊ʣ
    w ষͷ഑Լʹ֊૚ɺϖʔδ͋ͨΓ໿ݟग़͠
    w 8%#13&44QMVTʢ"ɺஈ૊ʣ
    w ষͷ഑Լʹ֊૚ɺϖʔδ͋ͨΓ໿ݟग़͠
    w ϒϩάʢϒϥ΢βɺஈ૊ʣ
    w هࣄͷ഑Լʹ֊૚ɺը໘͋ͨΓ໿ݟग़͠ʁʁʢࣗ৴ͳ͠ʣ

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  71. ݟग़͠ʹετʔϦʔ
    Ͳͷ֊૚ͷݟग़͠·ͰΛಡΜͰ΋ɺ࿩ͷྲྀΕ͕Θ͔ΔΑ͏ʹ
    w ষλΠτϧ͚ͩΛಡΜͰ΋ɺষͱઅϨϕϧ·ͰΛಡΜͰ΋ɺ
    શ໨࣍ʢষઅ߲໨ʣΛಡΜͰ΋ɺετʔϦʔ͕ཧղͰ͖Δ
    w ਂ͍ݟग़͠·ͰΛಡΉͱɺΑΓৄࡉ͕Θ͔Δ
    ୈষɹυϥΰϯΫΤετ9ͱ͸Կ͔ᴷᴷυϥΰϯΫΤετ͔ΦϯϥΠϯήʔϜ͔
    ୈষɹ։ൃɾӡӦମ੍ᴷᴷυϥΰϯΫΤετ9Λࢧ͑Δਓʑ
    ୈষɹΞʔΩςΫνϟᴷᴷΫϩεϓϥοτϑΥʔϜ..031(ͷجຊߏ੒
    ୈষɹ։ൃɾӡӦମ੍ᴷᴷυϥΰϯΫΤετ9Λࢧ͑Δਓʑ
    ͞·͟·ͳਓʹࢧ͑ΒΕΔυϥΰϯΫΤετ9
    υϥΰϯΫΤετ9ઐଐͷ։ൃίΞνʔϜ
    ήʔϜλΠτϧԣஅͷ։ൃؔ࿈૊৫
    ੨ࢁެ࢜ஶ
    ʰυϥΰϯΫΤετ9Λࢧ͑Δٕज़ʱ
    ٕज़ධ࿦ࣾɺ

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  72. ݟग़͚ͩ͠Ͱҙຯ͕Θ͔ΔΑ͏ʹ
    ໊ࢺ͚ͩͷݟग़͠Ͱ͸ͳ͘ɺઆ໌తʹ͢Δ
    ϓϩμΫτΦʔφʔᴷᴷϓϩμΫτͷ࠷ऴ੹೚ऀ
    ։ൃνʔϜᴷᴷϓϩμΫτΛ࡞Δઐ໳Ո
    εΫϥϜϚελʔᴷᴷεΫϥϜͷਪਐऀ
    3FBDUʹΑΔ8FCΞϓϦέʔγϣϯ։ൃ
    4QSJOH#PPUʹΑΔ8FCΞϓϦέʔγϣϯ։ൃ
    +VQZUFS/PUFCPPLʹΑΔσʔλ෼ੳ
    ্ా༟ݾஶ
    ʰຖ೔࢖͑Δʂ
    7JTVBM4UVEJP$PEFʱ
    ٕज़ධ࿦ࣾɺ
    ֋੉ַࢤɺݪాউ৴ɺ࿨ౡ࢙యɺ
    ܀ྛ݈ଠ࿠ɺࣲాതࢤɺՈӬӳ࣏ஶ
    ʰεΫϥϜ࣮ફೖ໳ʱ
    ٕज़ධ࿦ࣾɺ

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  73. ݟग़͚ͩ͠Ͱ౴͕͑Θ͔ΔΑ͏ʹ
    ʮ˓˓ͱ͸Կ͔ʯʮ˓˓ͷಛ௃ʯͷ౴͑·Ͱ഑Լͷݟग़͠Ͱ఻͑Δ
    8FCϖʔδͷ଎౓ͱ͸Կ͔
    ϖʔδϩʔυͷ଎౓ᴷᴷϖʔδ͕දࣔ͞ΕΔ·Ͱͷ଎౓
    ϥϯλΠϜͷ଎౓ᴷᴷϖʔδ্Ͱͷૢ࡞ʹର͢Δ6*ͷԠ౴଎౓
    ಛ௃
    Ұ໨ݟ͚ͨͩͰɺ͓͓ΑͦΛཧղͰ͖Δ
    બ୒ج४͕هࡌ͞Ε͍ͯΔ
    ʜʜ
    גࣜձࣾ/55σʔλ
    ਿݪ݈࿠ɺ٢ాҰ޾ɺؠ࡚ݡ࣏ɺ
    ࡾӜ޿ࢤɺ٢ాࠤஐஉஶ
    ʰΠϯϑϥσβΠϯύλʔϯʱ
    ٕज़ධ࿦ࣾɺ
    ࠤ౻าɺઘਫᠳޗஶ
    ʰ௒଎ʂ8FCϖʔδ଎౓վળΨΠυʱ
    ٕज़ධ࿦ࣾɺ

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  74. ಡղྗ͕ඞཁͳݟग़͠ߏ੒͸ආ͚Δ
    ߏ଄Խ͠ɺಡऀͷํ͕ಡղྗΛ༻͍ͳͯ͘΋Θ͔ΔΑ͏ʹ
    ϋϜΤοάͷϨγϐ
    ࡐྉɿϋϜ
    ࡐྉɿཛ
    ࡐྉɿ༉
    खॱɿ༉ΛҾ͘
    खॱɿϋϜΛᖱΊΔ
    खॱɿཛΛׂΔ
    ಡղྗ͕ඞཁ
    ϋϜΤοάͷϨγϐ
    ࡐྉ
    ϋϜ


    खॱ
    ༉ΛҾ͘
    ϋϜΛᖱΊΔ
    ཛΛׂΔ
    ಡղྗ͕ෆཁ

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  75. Լͷ֊૚ͷݟग़͠΄Ͳଟ͘
    ֓ཁ͔Βৄࡉʹ޲͔͏ͷͰɺԼҐ૚΄Ͳଟ͘ͳΔ
    ʰϊϯϓϩάϥϚͷͨΊͷ+BWB4DSJQU͸͡ΊͷҰาʱ
    w ষ
    w અ
    w ߲
    w ໨
    ֎ଜ࿨ਔஶ
    ʰϊϯϓϩάϥϚͷͨΊͷ+BWB4DSJQU͸͡ΊͷҰาʱ
    ٕज़ධ࿦ࣾɺ

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  76. Լͷ֊૚ͷݟग़͠΄Ͳ௕͘
    ֓ཁ͔Βৄࡉʹ޲͔͏ͷͰɺԼҐ૚΄Ͳ௕͘ͳΔ
    ୈষɿ8FCϖʔδͷ଎౓
    8FCϖʔδͷ଎౓ͱ͸Կ͔
    ϖʔδϩʔυͷ଎౓ᴷᴷϖʔδ͕දࣔ͞ΕΔ·Ͱͷ଎౓
    ϥϯλΠϜͷ଎౓ᴷᴷϖʔδ্Ͱͷૢ࡞ʹର͢Δ6*ͷԠ౴଎౓
    8FCϖʔδͷ଎౓ͷॏཁੑ
    Ϗδωε΁ͷӨڹ
    8FCϖʔδͷ஗ԆʹΑΔϢʔβʔମݧͷѱԽ
    (PPHMFͱ.JDSPTPGUͷࣄྫᴷᴷ஗ԆʹΑΔऩӹͷѱԽ
    ΞϝϦΧେ౷ྖબڍͷࣄྫᴷᴷϩʔυͷߴ଎ԽʹΑΔίϯόʔδϣϯ཰ͷ޲্
    /FUqJYͷࣄྫᴷᴷωοτϫʔΫసૹྔͷ࡟ݮʹΑΔίετͷ࡟ݮ
    ࠤ౻าɺઘਫᠳޗஶ
    ʰ௒଎ʂ8FCϖʔδ଎౓վળΨΠυʱ
    ٕज़ධ࿦ࣾɺ

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  77. ݟग़͠຤ඌͷ໋໊نଇΛܾΊΔ
    ମݴࢭΊͱ༻ݴࢭΊ͸Ͳ͏࢖͍෼͚Δʁ
    w جຊ͸ମݴࢭΊͱ͠ɺͲ͏͍ͬͨՕॴͰͷΈ༻ݴࢭΊʹ͢Δ͔ΛܾΊΔͱ
    εϜʔζ
    w ମݴࢭΊɿʮ˓˓ͷΠϯετʔϧʯ
    w ༻ݴࢭΊɿʮ˓˓ΛΠϯετʔϧ͢Δʯ
    w ʮ̋̋ʹ͍ͭͯʯͱ͍͏໋໊͸෇͚Α͏ͱࢥ͑͹େଟ਺ͷݟग़͠ʹ෇͚ΒΕ
    ΔͨΊආ͚Δ
    w ʮ8FCαʔόͷಋೖʹ͍ͭͯʯͰ͸ͳ͘ʮ8FCαʔόͷಋೖʯ

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  78. ʮ"ͱ#ʯͱ͍͏ݟग़͠ͷ໋໊͸ආ͚Δ
    ୯ͳΔྻڍͰઆ໌ʹͳͬͯͳ͍
    ΞϨάβϯμʔͷͭͷݪཧͱɺ91ͷϓϥΫςΟε
    91ͱύλʔϯ
    ར༻ऀͱઃܭऀ
    "ͱ#ͷΈ
    ΞϨάβϯμʔͷͭͷݪཧͱɺ91ͷϓϥΫςΟεͷൺֱ
    91ͱύλʔϯͷؔ܎
    ར༻ऀͱઃܭऀͷؔ܎Λݟ௚͢
    "ͱ#͕આ໌͞Ε͍ͯΔ
    ߐ౉ߒҰ࿠ஶ
    ʰύλʔϯɺ8JLJɺ91ʱ
    ٕज़ධ࿦ࣾɺ

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  79. ͜͜·Ͱͷ಺༰Λ౿·͑Ε͹ϖʔδͷຊ΋ॻ͚·͢
    ໨͚࣍ͩͰສઍจࣈ
    vi
    ໨࣍˔'MVFOUE࣮ફೖ໳ɹ౷߹ϩάج൫ͷͨΊͷσʔλऩूπʔϧ
    ͸͡Ίʹ ................................................................................................................................ iii
    ँࣙ ....................................................................................................................................... iv
    ຊॻͷಡΈਐΊํ ......................................................................................................... v
    ຊॻͷલఏ஌ࣝ............................................................................................................. v
    ର৅όʔδϣϯ .............................................................................................................. v
    ಈ࡞؀ڥ ....................................................................................................................... v
    αϙʔτϖʔδ .............................................................................................................. v

    1

    'MVFOUEͱ͸Կ͔ ........................................................................................... 1
    1.1 'MVFOUEɹ౷߹ϩάج൫ͷͨΊͷσʔλऩूπʔϧ 2
    1.2 ϩάͱ͸Կ͔ 3
    ϩάͷछྨ ............................................................................................................................. 3
    γεςϜϩάɹίϯϐϡʔλγεςϜͷঢ়گΛه࿥͢Δ ........................................................... 3
    ΞΫηεϩάɹ8FCαʔϏε΁ͷϦΫΤετΛه࿥͢Δ ........................................................... 4
    ΞϓϦέʔγϣϯϩάɹίϯϐϡʔλγεςϜͰՔಇ͢ΔΞϓϦέʔγϣϯͷڍಈΛه࿥͢Δ .......... 4
    ૢ࡞ϩά΍ߦಈϩάɺ
    *P5ͷϩάɹΑΓৄࡉʹϢʔβʔͷڍಈΛه࿥͢Δ ................................ 5
    େن໛σʔλॲཧͷ࣌୅ͷ౸དྷ ........................................................................................... 6
    σʔλྔͱϢʔεέʔεͷٸܹͳ૿େ ............................................................................ 6
    େن໛σʔλॲཧͷͨΊͷιϑτ΢ΣΞͷొ৔ ............................................................... 7
    1.3 'MVFOUEͷಛ௃ 8
    ॊೈͳσʔλ഑ૹɹೖྗݩͱग़ྗઌΛࣗ༝ʹ૊Έ߹ΘͤΔ ......................................................... 8
    ௚઀ͷσʔλೖग़ྗ ...................................................................................................... 9
    σʔλసૹΛڬΜͩೖग़ྗ ............................................................................................ 9
    ߏ଄Խσʔλɹѻ͏৘ใ͢΂ͯʹҙຯΛ࣋ͨͤΔ...................................................................... 10
    ๛෋ͳϓϥάΠϯɹଟ༷ͳೖग़ྗͱ࣮ߦ؀ڥΛαϙʔτ͢Δ ...................................................... 11
    'MVFOUEొ৔Ҏલͷ໰୊఺ .......................................................................................... 11
    'MVFOUEʹΑΔղܾ ...................................................................................................... 11
    ެ։ϓϥάΠϯͷϢʔβʔؒͰͷڞ༗ .......................................................................... 13
    ग़ྗͷฒྻԽͱ࠶࣮ߦͷ͠
    ͘ΈͷఏڙɹϓϥάΠϯͷ࣮૷Λ؆୯ʹ͠
    ͯ։ൃΛࢧԉ͢Δ ............ 14
    1.4 'MVFOUEͷσʔλॲཧํࣜ 14
    όονॲཧͷ໰୊఺ ............................................................................................................ 14
    σʔλ͕·ͱ·͔ͬͯΒసૹ͢Δ ................................................................................... 15
    σʔλ͕·ͱ·͔ͬͯΒॲཧ͢Δ ................................................................................... 15
    ετ
    ϦʔϜॲཧʹΑΔղܾ .................................................................................................... 16
    σʔλΛଈ࠲ʹసૹ͢Δ .............................................................................................. 16
    vii
    ໨࣍
    σʔλΛଈ࠲ʹॲཧ͢Δ .............................................................................................. 17
    'MVFOUEͰѻ͑Δσʔλ ...................................................................................................... 17
    1.5 'MVFOUEͷϢʔεέʔε 18
    ϩάݕࡧΛ͢͹΍࣮͘ߦ ..................................................................................................... 18
    ϩάूܭʹΑΔϞχλϦϯάͱ௨஌ͷࣗಈԽ ...................................................................... 18
    ϦΞϧλΠ
    Ϝͳঢ়گ෼ੳ ....................................................................................................... 19
    'MVFOUEΛ࢖༻͢΂͖Ͱͳ͍έʔε ................................................................................... 20
    1.6 'MVFOUEͷίΞػೳ 20
    ϧʔςΟ
    ϯάɹߦ͖ઌΛ੍ޚ͢Δ ............................................................................................. 21
    όοϑΝ
    ϦϯάɹσʔλΛҰ࣌తʹอଘ͠
    ͯ·ͱΊΔ ................................................................... 22
    Ϧ
    τ
    ϥΠɹࣦഊͨ͠ॲཧΛ΍Γͳ͓͢ ......................................................................................... 23
    ϓϥάΠϯػߏɹ͞·͟·ͳػೳΛೖΕସ͑Մೳʹ͢Δ.............................................................. 24
    1.7 'MVFOUEͷσʔλ഑ૹํࣜ 24
    BUNPTUPODFɹԿ΋ͳ͚Ε͹੒ޭͱ͢Δ ................................................................................ 26
    ࠾༻͢Δ΂͖Ϣʔεέʔε ........................................................................................... 26
    BUMFBTUPODFɹ੒ޭͨ͠ͱฦࣄ͕ͳ͚Ε͹ࣦഊͱ͢Δ ............................................................. 26
    ࠾༻͢Δ΂͖Ϣʔεέʔε ........................................................................................... 27
    ίϥϜ'MVFOUEͰ͸ະ࣮૷ͷFYBDUMZPODFɹਖ਼֬ʹճ͚ͩసૹ͢Δ .................................... 28
    1.8 'MVFOUEͷόʔδϣϯ 31
    1.9 ຊॻͷߏ੒ 32
    1.10 ·ͱΊ 33

    2

    'MVFOUEͷΠϯε
    τʔϧ ....................................................................... 35
    2.1 'MVFOUEͷಈ࡞؀ڥ 36
    'MVFOUEʹඞཁͳϗετੑೳ .............................................................................................. 36
    2.2 Πϯε
    τʔϧલͷ४උ 37
    ࣌ࠁͷಉظͷઃఆɹ/51Λ༻͍ͯ࣌ࠁΛ߹ΘͤΔ .................................................................. 37
    γεςϜϦιʔε੍ݶͷมߋɹଟ਺ͷϑΝΠϧΛѻ͑ΔΑ͏ʹ͢Δ ............................................ 37
    ϑΝΠϧσΟ
    εΫϦϓλͷઃఆ ....................................................................................... 37
    ωοτϫʔΫؔ࿈ͷઃఆ ............................................................................................... 39
    ࣮ߦ಺༰ͷݕ౼ ................................................................................................................... 39
    2.3 Πϯε
    τʔϧํ๏ͷબ୒ 41
    ύοέʔδΛ༻͍ͨΠϯετʔϧ ......................................................................................... 41
    UEBHFOUɹྺ࢙ͱ࣮੷ͷ҆ఆ൛ ....................................................................................... 41
    viii
    DBMZQUJBqVFOUEɹ৽ੈ୅ͷ҆ఆ൛ ................................................................................ 41
    ύοέʔδΛ༻͍ͳ͍Πϯετʔϧ ..................................................................................... 42
    HFNɹखݩ؀ڥͰͷ'MVFOUEར༻ʹ ................................................................................... 42
    ιʔείʔυɹ'MVFOUEຊମͷ։ൃʹ ................................................................................ 42
    2.4 ύοέʔδΛ༻͍ͨΠϯε
    τʔϧ 43
    SQNύοέʔδɹ3FE)BU&OUFSQSJTF-JOVYɺ
    "NB[PO-JOVYͳͲ ............................................. 43
    UEBHFOUͷΠϯετʔϧ .............................................................................................. 43
    DBMZQUJBqVFOUEͷΠϯετʔϧ .................................................................................. 43
    ઃఆϑΝΠϧͷ৔ॴ ..................................................................................................... 44
    ىಈʗఀࢭํ๏ .......................................................................................................... 44
    EFCύοέʔδɹ6CVOUVɺ
    %FCJBO(/6-JOVYͳͲ ................................................................. 44
    UEBHFOUͷΠϯετʔϧ .............................................................................................. 44
    DBMZQUJBqVFOUEͷΠϯετʔϧ .................................................................................. 45
    ઃఆϑΝΠϧͷ৔ॴ ..................................................................................................... 45
    ىಈʗఀࢭํ๏ .......................................................................................................... 46
    NTJύοέʔδɹ8JOEPXT .................................................................................................... 46
    UEBHFOUͷΠϯετʔϧ .............................................................................................. 46
    DBMZQUJBqVFOUEͷΠϯετʔϧ .................................................................................. 47
    ઃఆϑΝΠϧͷ৔ॴ ..................................................................................................... 47
    ىಈʗఀࢭํ๏ .......................................................................................................... 47
    2.5 ύοέʔδΛ༻͍ͳ͍Πϯε
    τʔϧ 48
    HFNɹखݩ؀ڥͰͷ'MVFOUEར༻ʹ ......................................................................................... 48
    'MVFOUEͷΠϯετʔϧ ................................................................................................ 48
    ઃఆϑΝΠϧͷ৔ॴ ..................................................................................................... 48
    ىಈʗఀࢭํ๏ .......................................................................................................... 49
    ιʔείʔυɹ'MVFOUEຊମͷ։ൃʹ....................................................................................... 49
    'MVFOUEͷΠϯετʔϧ ................................................................................................ 49
    ઃఆϑΝΠϧͷ৔ॴ ..................................................................................................... 50
    ىಈʗఀࢭํ๏ .......................................................................................................... 50
    2.6 ·ͱΊ 50

    3

    'MVFOUEͷγεςϜઃఆ .................................................................... 51
    3.1 'MVFOUEͷγεςϜઃఆɹ'MVFOUEͦͷ΋ͷͷڍಈΛࢦఆ͢Δ 52
    ಈ࡞ํ๏ؔ࿈ͷύϥϝʔλ ................................................................................................. 53
    QSPDFTT@OBNFύϥϝʔλɹϓϩηε໊Λࢦఆ͢Δ ........................................................... 53
    XPSLFSTύϥϝʔλɹϫʔΧʔ਺Λࢦఆ͢Δ ...................................................................... 53
    XJUIPVU@TPVSDFύϥϝʔλɹ*OQVUϓϥάΠϯͳ͠
    Ͱىಈ͢Δ .............................................. 54
    FOBCMF@NTHQBDL@UJNF@TVQQPSUύϥϝʔλɹ5JNFΦϒδΣΫτΛॲཧՄೳʹ͢Δ .............. 54
    TUSJDU@DPOpH@WBMVFύϥϝʔλɹύϥϝʔλܕͷνΣ
    οΫΛݫີʹߦ͏ ................................. 55
    ix
    ໨࣍
    SFTUBSU@XPSLFS@JOUFSWBMύϥϝʔλɹϫʔΧʔϓϩηε࠶ىಈ࣌ʹ଴ͪ࣌ؒΛ࣋ͭ ............... 55
    EJTBCMF@TIBSFE@TPDLFUύϥϝʔλɹϓϩηεؒڞ༗ιέο
    τΛ࢖༻͠ͳ͍ .......................... 55
    ϑΝΠϧγεςϜؔ࿈ͷύϥϝʔλ ..................................................................................... 56
    SPPU@EJSύϥϝʔλɹϓϥάΠϯ༻σΟ
    εΫεϖʔεΛࢦఆ͢Δ .............................................. 56
    pMF@QFSNJTTJPOύϥϝʔλɹϑΝΠϧ࡞੒࣌ͷσϑΥϧτύʔϛ
    ογϣϯΛࢦఆ͢Δ ................. 57
    EJS@QFSNJTTJPOύϥϝʔλɹσΟ
    ϨΫτ
    Ϧ࡞੒࣌ͷσϑΥϧτύʔϛ
    ογϣϯΛࢦఆ͢Δ .............. 57
    ϩάग़ྗؔ࿈ͷύϥϝʔλ .................................................................................................. 57
    MPH@MFWFMύϥϝʔλɹ'MVFOUEશମͷϩάϨϕϧΛࢦఆ͢Δ ................................................ 57
    TVQQSFTT@DPOpH@EVNQύϥϝʔλɹϩά΁ͷઃఆμϯϓΛग़ྗ͠ͳ͍ .............................. 58
    TVQQSFTT@SFQFBUFE@TUBDLUSBDFύϥϝʔλ
    ɹ࿈ଓͨ͠ಉҰΤϥʔͷελοΫτϨʔεΛग़ྗ͠ͳ͍ ............................................................ 58
    MPH@FWFOU@WFSCPTFύϥϝʔλɹఀࢭॲཧ࣌ʹ΋ϩάΛग़ྗ͢Δ ........................................ 59
    FNJU@FSSPS@MPH@JOUFSWBMύϥϝʔλɹ*OQVUϓϥάΠϯͷFNJUࣦഊϩάͷग़ྗΛ཈੍͢Δ ........ 59
    JHOPSF@SFQFBUFE@MPH@JOUFSWBMύϥϝʔλɹ࿈ଓ͠
    ͯൃੜ͢ΔಉҰϩάͷग़ྗΛ཈੍͢Δ ...... 59
    JHOPSF@TBNF@MPH@JOUFSWBMύϥϝʔλɹಉҰϩάͷग़ྗΛ཈੍͢Δ .................................. 60
    ϩάग़ྗؔ࿈ͷৄࡉύϥϝʔλ .......................................................................................... 60
    GPSNBUύϥϝʔλɹϩάͷॻࣜΛࢦఆ͢Δ........................................................................ 60
    UJNF@GPSNBUύϥϝʔλɹϩάͷ೔࣌ܗࣜΛࢦఆ͢Δ ........................................................ 61
    SPUBUF@TJ[FύϥϝʔλɹϩάϑΝΠϧͷαΠζ্ݶΛࢦఆ͢Δ .............................................. 61
    SPUBUF@BHFύϥϝʔλɹอ࣋͢ΔϩάϑΝΠϧͷੈ୅਺Λࢦఆ͢Δ ........................................ 62
    31$ؔ࿈ͷύϥϝʔλ ........................................................................................................ 62
    SQD@FOEQPJOUύϥϝʔλɹ31$ૢ࡞༻ͷΤϯυϙΠϯτΛىಈ͢Δ ....................................... 62
    FOBCMF@HFU@EVNQύϥϝʔλɹઃఆμϯϓΛग़ྗ͢Δ31$ΤϯυϙΠϯτΛ༗ޮԽ͢Δ ........... 63
    3.2 'MVFOUEͷίϚϯυϥΠϯΦϓγϣϯɹ'MVFOUEΛͲͷΑ͏ʹىಈ͢Δ͔Λࢦఆ͢Δ 63
    ࢖༻ՄೳͳίϚϯυϥΠϯΦϓγϣϯ .................................................................................. 63
    ύοέʔδʹΑΔ'MVFOUEͷίϚϯυϥΠϯΦϓγϣϯࢦఆ ............................................... 63
    -JOVYͰͷ؀ڥม਺Λ༻͍ͨࢦఆ ................................................................................ 66
    8JOEPXTͰͷϨδετ
    ϦΛ༻͍ͨࢦఆ ......................................................................... 67
    3.3 ઃఆมߋͷ൓өɹઃఆΛ'MVFOUEʹਖ਼͠
    ͘ಡΈࠐ·ͤΔ 67
    શମͷ࠶ىಈʹΑΔ൓ө ..................................................................................................... 67
    Ұ෦ͷ࠶ىಈ·ͨ͸࠶ಡΈࠐΈʹΑΔ൓ө ....................................................................... 68
    ϫʔΧʔϓϩηεͷ࠶ىಈʹΑΔ൓ө .......................................................................... 68
    ϫʔΧʔϓϩηε͔Βͷઃఆ࠶ಡΈࠐΈʹΑΔ൓ө ..................................................... 68
    3.4 γάφϧɺ
    31$ʹΑΔϓϩηε؅ཧɹಈ࡞தͷ'MVFOUEΛૢ࡞͢Δ 69
    3.5 ·ͱΊ 70

    4

    ઃఆϑΝΠϧͷॻࣜͱߏ଄ ................................................................. 71
    4.1 ઃఆͷߏ੒ཁૉɹϦςϥϧɺ
    ύϥϝʔλɺ
    σΟ
    ϨΫςΟ
    ϒ 72
    x
    4.2 Ϧςϥϧɹ໊લ΍஋Λදݱ͢Δ 73
    Ϧςϥϧͷߏ଄ɹ͞·͟·ͳจࣈྻ ......................................................................................... 73
    ۭͷϦςϥϧɹจࣈͷจࣈྻ ............................................................................................... 73
    γϯάϧΫΦʔτʹΑΔϦςϥϧɹۭന΍վߦΛؚΉจࣈྻ ................................................... 74
    μϒϧΫΦʔτʹΑΔϦςϥϧɹಛघͳॲཧ͕༗ޮͱͳΔ ........................................................ 74
    όοΫεϥογϡʹΑΔΤεέʔϓจࣈ ......................................................................... 75
    3VCZࣜͷຒΊࠐΈ ..................................................................................................... 75
    4.3 ίϝϯ
    τɹಈ࡞ʹӨڹ͠ͳ͍஫ऍΛॻ͘ 75
    4.4 ύϥϝʔλɹ໊લͱܕͷ͋Δ஋ͷ૊Έ߹ΘͤΛఆٛ͢Δ 76
    ύϥϝʔλͷߏ଄ɹ໊લͱ஋ͷܕΛ࣋ͭ ................................................................................. 76
    ໊લɹԿΛઃఆ͢Δ͔Λࢦఆ͢Δ ...................................................................................... 76
    ஋ͷܕɹύϥϝʔλ͕ड͚औΔ஋ͷܕΛࢦఆ͢Δ.................................................................. 76
    ύϥϝʔλͷܕ ..................................................................................................................... 77
    ੔਺ܕɺ
    ුಈখ਺఺਺ܕɹ਺஋Λදݱ͢Δ ...................................................................... 77
    αΠζܕɺ
    ࣌ؒܕɹ୯Ґ෇͖ࢦఆ͕Մೳͳ਺஋Λදݱ͢Δ .................................................... 77
    ਅِ஋ܕɹUSVF͔GBMTFͷͲͪΒ͔Λදݱ͢Δ ..................................................................... 78
    จࣈྻܕɹจࣈͷू߹Λදݱ͢Δ .................................................................................... 79
    ྻڍܕɹطఆͷ஋ͷͲΕ͔Λදݱ͢Δ ............................................................................... 79
    ഑ྻܕɹෳ਺ͷ஋Λදݱ͢Δ ........................................................................................... 79
    ϋογϡܕɹෳ਺ͷ໊લͱ஋ͷϖΞΛදݱ͢Δ .................................................................... 80
    ਖ਼نදݱܕɹจࣈྻͷύλʔϯΛදݱ͢Δ ......................................................................... 80
    ϨίʔυͷΩʔΛද͢ύϥϝʔλ .................................................................................. 81
    ύϥϝʔλͷσϑΥϧτ஋ .................................................................................................... 83
    4.5 σΟ
    ϨΫςΟϒɹߏ଄Λܾఆ͢Δཁૉ 83
    σΟ
    ϨΫςΟ
    ϒͷߏ଄ɹύϥϝʔλͷू߹ΛλάͰғΉ ............................................................. 83
    λάɹσΟ
    ϨΫςΟ
    ϒͷछྨΛఆٛ͢Δ ................................................................................ 83
    Ҿ਺ɹσΟ
    ϨΫςΟ
    ϒʹ৘ใΛ௥Ճ͢Δ ............................................................................... 84
    ύϥϝʔλɹσΟ
    ϨΫςΟ
    ϒ୯ҐͰ༗ޮͳઃఆΛࢦఆ͢Δ ....................................................... 84
    ηΫγϣϯɹઃఆ஋Λ༩͑ΒΕͨσΟ
    ϨΫςΟ
    ϒΛද͢ ........................................................... 85
    طఆͷσΟ
    ϨΫςΟ
    ϒɹ'MVFOUEຊମʹඞਢͷػೳΛ࣮ݱ͢Δ ................................................... 85
    TZTUFNσΟ
    ϨΫςΟϒɹ'MVFOUEશମΛઃఆ͢Δ .......................................................... 86
    XPSLFSσΟ
    ϨΫςΟϒɹݸผͷϫʔΧʔΛઃఆ͢Δ ....................................................... 86
    TPVSDFσΟ
    ϨΫςΟϒɹ*OQVUϓϥάΠϯΛઃఆ͢Δ ....................................................... 87
    NBUDIσΟ
    ϨΫςΟϒɹ0VUQVUϓϥάΠϯΛઃఆ͢Δ ..................................................... 88
    pMUFSσΟ
    ϨΫςΟϒɹ'JMUFSϓϥάΠϯΛઃఆ͢Δ .......................................................... 89
    MBCFMσΟ
    ϨΫςΟϒɹϥϕϧͷ෇͍ͨΠϕϯτΛϧʔςΟ
    ϯά͢Δ ..................................... 90
    ͦͷ΄͔ͷσΟ
    ϨΫςΟϒɹϓϥάΠϯʹػೳΛఏڙ͢Δ ..................................................... 92
    4.6 TPVSDFɺ
    NBUDIɺ
    pMUFSσΟ
    ϨΫςΟϒͷ༧໿ޠύϥϝʔλ 93
    !UZQFύϥϝʔλɹ࢖༻͢ΔϓϥάΠϯ໊Λࢦఆ͢Δ ................................................................ 93
    !JEύϥϝʔλɹϓϥάΠϯઃఆʹ*%Λ෇͚ͯ൑ผՄೳʹ͢Δ .................................................... 93
    !MPH@MFWFMύϥϝʔλɹϓϥάΠϯ୯ҐͰϩάϨϕϧΛࢦఆ͢Δ .............................................. 94
    xi
    ໨࣍
    !MBCFMύϥϝʔλɹΠϕϯτͷϧʔςΟ
    ϯά੍ޚ༻ϥϕϧΛࢦఆ͢Δ .......................................... 95
    4.7 !JODMVEFɹઃఆϑΝΠϧʹ΄͔ͷϑΝΠϧͷهड़ΛऔΓࠐΉ 95
    ֤αʔό΁ͷڞ௨ઃఆͷऔΓࠐΈ...................................................................................... 96
    ֤ϓϥάΠϯ΁ͷڞ௨ύϥϝʔλͷऔΓࠐΈ ...................................................................... 97
    63-Λ༻͍ͨ)551ܦ༝ͰͷऔΓࠐΈ .............................................................................. 97
    4.8 ઃఆϑΝΠϧͷશମ૾ 98
    4.9 ·ͱΊ 99
    ίϥϜ:".-ʹΑΔઃఆϑΝΠϧهड़ ............................................................................... 100

    5

    ϓϥάΠϯͷجຊ .......................................................................................... 103
    5.1 'MVFOUEʹ͓͚ΔϓϥάΠϯɹ'MVFOUEͷओཁͳػೳΛ࣮ݱ͢Δ 104
    5.2 ϓϥάΠϯͷϥΠϑαΠΫϧɹॳظԽ͔Βىಈɺ
    ఀࢭɺ
    ഁغ·Ͱ 104
    5.3 ϓϥάΠϯͷछྨ 105
    ϓϥάΠϯ໊ͷϧʔϧɹछྨͱ໊લͷ૊Έ߹Θ͔ͤΒͳΔ ..................................................... 107
    ϓϥάΠϯͷػೳʹΑΔ෼ྨ ............................................................................................. 108
    ΦʔφʔϓϥάΠϯɹΠϕϯτॲཧͷத৺ͱͳΔ*OQVUɺ
    'JMUFSɺ
    0VUQVUϓϥάΠϯ .......................108
    Φ΢ϯυϓϥάΠϯɹϓϥάΠϯ͔Β࢖ΘΕΔͦͷ΄͔ͷϓϥάΠϯ .......................................108
    ϓϥάΠϯϔϧύʔɹϓϥάΠϯʹڞ௨ͷػೳΛఏڙ͢Δ ....................................................... 109
    5.4 ϓϥάΠϯͷΠϯε
    τʔϧ 111
    3VCZ(FNTʹΑΔΠϯετʔϧɹެ։͞Ε͍ͯΔϓϥάΠϯΛΠϯετʔϧ͢Δ ....................... 111
    ίϚϯυϥΠϯࢦఆ·ͨ͸σΟ
    ϨΫ
    τ
    Ϧ഑ஔʹΑΔΠϯετʔϧ
    ɹϑΝΠϧ͚ͩͷϓϥάΠϯΛಡΈࠐ·ͤΔ ............................................................................. 112
    (FNpMFʹΑΔ؅ཧɹ࢖༻͢ΔϓϥάΠϯͱͦͷόʔδϣϯΛ·ͱΊͯࢦఆ͢Δ .......................... 113
    5.5 ϓϥάΠϯ୳ࡧͷ͘͠Έ 114
    ϓϥάΠϯͷϑΝΠϧ໊ͷϧʔϧɹछྨͷͨΊͷ઀಄ࣙΛ࣋ͭ ............................................. 114
    ϓϥάΠϯ୳ࡧͷ༏ઌॱҐ ................................................................................................ 115
    5.6 ·ͱΊ 116

    6

    Πϕϯ
    τσʔλ .................................................................................................. 117
    6.1 'MVFOUEʹ͓͚ΔΠϕϯ
    τɹλάɺ
    ೔࣌ͱϨίʔυ͔ΒͳΔ 118
    6.2 Πϕϯ
    τͷߏ଄ 119
    xii
    λάɹσʔλͷൃੜݩ΍छྨΛදݱ͢Δ .................................................................................. 119
    λά͸υοτ۠੾Γͷจࣈྻ ........................................................................................119
    λάͷઃܭํ਑ ..........................................................................................................119
    ೔࣌ɹσʔλ͕͍ͭൃੜ͔ͨ͠Λࣔ͢ ..................................................................................... 120
    φϊඵਫ਼౓ʹΑΔ೔࣌ .................................................................................................120
    λΠ
    Ϝκʔϯ΁ͷ഑ྀͷඞཁੑ ....................................................................................121
    Ϩίʔυɹ఻ୡ͢΂͖σʔλͷ಺༰ͦͷ΋ͷ ............................................................................ 121
    Ωʔͱ஋ͷϖΞͷू߹ʹΑΔσʔλදݱ ......................................................................122
    Ϩίʔυͷେ͖͞ͷ੍໿ ..............................................................................................122
    6.3 Πϕϯ
    τͷྲྀΕ 123
    ΠϕϯτͷجຊతͳྲྀΕɹ*OQVUϓϥάΠϯʹΑΓೖྗ͞Εɺ
    0VUQVUϓϥάΠϯʹΑΓग़ྗ͞ΕΔ ... 123
    *OQVUϓϥάΠϯʹΑΔΠϕϯτͷੜ੒ .........................................................................124
    3PVUFSʹΑΔΠϕϯτͷϧʔςΟ
    ϯά ...........................................................................124
    ϥϕϧΛ༻͍ͨΠϕϯτॲཧ಺༰ͷఆٛ ......................................................................124
    'JMUFSϓϥάΠϯʹΑΔΠϕϯτͷॲཧ .........................................................................126
    0VUQVUϓϥάΠϯʹΑΔΠϕϯτͷग़ྗ .......................................................................126
    ͦͷ΄͔ͷΠϕϯτͷྲྀΕ ................................................................................................. 126
    0VUQVUϓϥάΠϯʹΑΔྫ֎తͳΠϕϯτੜ੒ ............................................................126
    Τϥʔετ
    ϦʔϜɹਖ਼ৗʹॲཧͰ͖ͳ͍Πϕϯτͷߦ͖ઌ .....................................................127
    ϩάετ
    ϦʔϜɹ'MVFOUEࣗ਎ͷϩά΋Πϕϯτͱ͠
    ͯѻ͏ ......................................................128
    6.4 ϓϥάΠϯʹΑΔσʔλॲཧ 130
    σʔλͷೖྗͱऔΓࠐΈʹؔΘΔϓϥάΠϯ .................................................................... 130
    *OQVUϓϥάΠϯɹσʔλΛೖྗ͢Δ ...............................................................................130
    1BSTFSϓϥάΠϯɹςΩετσʔλΛղੳ͢Δ ..................................................................131
    FYUSBDUϓϥάΠϯϔϧύʔɹλά΍೔࣌ΛϨίʔυ͔Βநग़͢Δ ........................................132
    σʔλͷॻࣜͱग़ྗʹؔΘΔϓϥάΠϯ ........................................................................... 133
    0VUQVUϓϥάΠϯɹσʔλΛग़ྗ͢Δ .............................................................................133
    'PSNBUUFSϓϥάΠϯɹσʔλͷॻࣜΛมߋ͢Δ ...............................................................134
    JOKFDUϓϥάΠϯϔϧύʔɹλά΍೔࣌ΛϨίʔυʹ஫ೖ͢Δ .............................................135
    σʔλͷॲཧΛߦ͏ϓϥάΠϯ .......................................................................................... 136
    'JMUFSϓϥάΠϯɹσʔλͷআڈ΍෇Ճɺ
    มߋΛߦ͏ ............................................................136
    6.5 'MVFOUEͷϓϩηεͱΠϕϯ
    τॲཧ 137
    'MVFOUEͷϓϩηεߏ੒ɹεʔύʔόΠβʔͱϫʔΧʔ ........................................................ 137
    ϓϩηε؅ཧΛߦ͏εʔύʔόΠβʔϓϩηε ............................................................138
    σʔλॲཧΛߦ͏ϫʔΧʔϓϩηε .............................................................................138
    ࣮ߦϓϩηε໊ͷมߋ ...................................................................................................... 139
    ෳ਺ϫʔΧʔɹෳ਺ϓϩηεͷར༻ʹΑΓॲཧੑೳΛҾ্͖͛Δ .............................................. 140
    ෳ਺ϫʔΧʔʹΑΔσʔλॲཧ ....................................................................................140
    ϓϥάΠϯ͝ͱͷෳ਺ϫʔΧʔରԠ..............................................................................141
    ෳ਺ϫʔΧʔಈ࡞ʹඇରԠͷϓϥάΠϯͷ࢖༻ ...........................................................142
    6.6 .FTTBHF1BDLɹ'MVFOUE͕࢖༻͢ΔΠϕϯτσʔλදݱํ๏ 143
    xiii
    ໨࣍
    ޮ཰తͳσʔλදݱͷඞཁੑ ........................................................................................... 143
    όοϑΝϦϯάͷͨΊͷߴ͍σʔλಡΈॻ͖ੑೳ .........................................................143
    ωοτϫʔΫసૹʹ൐͏ߴޮ཰ͳσʔλม׵ ................................................................143
    Ұൠతͳख๏Ͱ͋Δ+40/ͷ໰୊఺ɹ௿͍αΠζޮ཰ ....................................................... 144
    .FTTBHF1BDLʹΑΔղܾɹόΠφϦʹΑΔޮ཰తͳσʔλදݱ............................................ 145
    6.7 ·ͱΊ 146

    7

    ϓϥάΠϯ͝ͱͷ໾ׂ .............................................................................. 147
    7.1 ͞·͟·ͳछྨͷϓϥάΠϯ 148
    7.2 *OQVUϓϥάΠϯɹσʔλͷೖྗΛ୲౰͢Δ 148
    *OQVUϓϥάΠϯ͕࣮ߦ͢Δॲཧ ...................................................................................... 149
    *OQVUϓϥάΠϯʹΑΔΠϕϯτੜ੒ .................................................................................. 150
    λάͷ෇༩ .................................................................................................................150
    ೔࣌ͷੜ੒ .................................................................................................................151
    Ϩίʔυͷੜ੒ ...........................................................................................................151
    !MBCFMύϥϝʔλʹΑΔϧʔςΟ
    ϯάઌͷܾఆ ............................................................... 151
    Πϕϯτੜ੒Λߦ͏ෳ਺ͷFNJUϝιο
    υͱੑೳಛੑ ......................................................... 152
    7.3 'JMUFSϓϥάΠϯɹ*OQVUϓϥάΠϯͱ0VUQVUϓϥάΠϯͷؒͰσʔλΛՃ޻͢Δ 152
    'JMUFSϓϥάΠϯ͕࣮ߦ͢Δॲཧ ...................................................................................... 153
    7.4 0VUQVUϓϥάΠϯɹσʔλͷग़ྗΛ୲౰͢Δ 154
    0VUQVUϓϥάΠϯ͕࣮ߦ͢Δॲཧ ................................................................................... 155
    όοϑΝ
    Ϧϯάͷ༗ແ ......................................................................................................... 155
    όοϑΝϦϯάΛߦΘͳ͍ඇόοϑΝ0VUQVUϓϥάΠϯ ................................................157
    όοϑΝϦϯάΛߦ͏όοϑΝ0VUQVUϓϥάΠϯ ...........................................................157
    εϨο
    υɹग़ྗॲཧΛೖྗ͔Β෼཭͠ɺ
    ฒྻԽ͢Δ .................................................................... 158
    εϨουઃఆͷߟ͑ํ .................................................................................................159
    όοϑΝνϟϯΫɹνϟϯΫΩʔ͝ͱʹσʔλΛ·ͱΊΔ ............................................................ 160
    νϟϯΫΩʔͷলུɹશσʔλ͕·ͱΊͯॻ͔ΕΔ.............................................................160
    ΩϟϯΫΩʔ΁ͷλά΍೔࣌ͷࢦఆɹಉ͡λά΍࣌ؒͰ·ͱΊΔ ........................................161
    ෳࡶͳνϟϯΫΩʔͷࢦఆ...........................................................................................162
    ϓϨʔεϗϧμల։ɹνϟϯΫΩʔͷ৘ใΛग़ྗʹ΋༻͍Δ ................................................... 164
    ೔࣌ͷͨΊͷϓϨʔεϗϧμ ......................................................................................164
    λά΍Ϩίʔυதͷ஋ͷͨΊͷϓϨʔεϗϧμ ...........................................................165
    ͦͷ΄͔ͷಛघͳϓϨʔεϗϧμͱ૊Έ߹Θͤ ..........................................................166
    qVTIύϥϝʔλͱνϟϯΫαΠζɹσʔλग़ྗͷཻ౓ͱස౓Λ੍ޚ͢Δ ................................. 166
    qVTI@NPEFύϥϝʔλʹΑΔৄࡉͳग़ྗͷ੍ޚ .........................................................167
    qVTI@UISFBEύϥϝʔλ܈ɹσʔλग़ྗͷස౓ͱฒྻ౓Λ੍ޚ͢Δ ...................................... 168
    qVTI@UISFBE@DPVOUύϥϝʔλɹग़ྗͷฒྻ਺Λࢦఆ͢Δ ..............................................168
    xiv
    qVTI@UISFBE@JOUFSWBMύϥϝʔλɹग़ྗॲཧͷִؒΛࢦఆ͢Δ ........................................168
    qVTI@UISFBE@CVSTU@JOUFSWBMύϥϝʔλɹ࿈ଓͨ͠σʔλग़ྗΛ཈ࢭ͢Δ .........................169
    qVTI@UISFBEύϥϝʔλ܈ͷؔ܎ ...............................................................................169
    SFUSZύϥϝʔλɹग़ྗॲཧͷϦ
    τ
    ϥΠΛ੍ޚ͢Δ .................................................................... 169
    FYQPOFOUJBM@CBDLP⒎ɹඪ४ͷϦ
    τϥΠํ๏ ....................................................................170
    QFSJPEJDɹΑΓΘ͔Γ΍͍͢Ϧ
    τ
    ϥΠํ๏ ...........................................................................171
    Ϧ
    τ
    ϥΠઃఆʹ͓͚Δ஫ҙ఺ ........................................................................................172
    Ϧ
    τ
    ϥΠ͕͍ͭ·Ͱ΋੒ޭ͠ͳ͍৔߹ͷॲཧ ................................................................172
    4FDPOEBSZ0VUQVUɹճ෮ෆೳͳΤϥʔʹରॲ͢Δ .............................................................. 173
    0VUQVUϓϥάΠϯ͕ग़ྗʹࣦഊ͠ଓ͚Δ৔߹ͷͨΊͷػೳ .........................................173
    ग़ྗࣦഊ࣌ͷ࠷ޙͷखஈͱ
    ͠
    ͯ࢖༻ ............................................................................174
    .VMUJ0VUQVUϓϥάΠϯɹෳ਺ͷ0VUQVUϓϥάΠϯ΁ग़ྗ͢Δಛघͳ0VUQVUϓϥάΠϯ .......... 174
    PVU@DPQZͱPVU@SPVOESPCJOϓϥάΠϯʹݟΔ.VMUJ0VUQVUϓϥάΠϯͷయܕྫ .........174
    7.5 #VGGFSϓϥάΠϯɹσʔλͷόοϑΝ
    ϦϯάػߏΛ0VUQVUϓϥάΠϯʹఏڙ͢Δ 176
    #V⒎FSϓϥάΠϯ͕࣮ߦ͢Δॲཧ .................................................................................... 176
    ͭͷ#V⒎FSϓϥάΠϯɹอଘ৔ॴͱ
    ͠
    ͯϝϞϦ͔ϑΝΠϧ͔Λબ୒͢Δ ................................... 177
    NFNPSZɹϝϞϦۭؒʹσʔλΛอଘ͢Δ..........................................................................177
    pMFɹࢦఆͨ͠ύεͷϑΝΠϧʹσʔλΛอଘ͢Δ .................................................................177
    NFNPSZͱpMFͷબ୒ج४ ..........................................................................................178
    pMFʹಛ༗ͷ஫ҙ఺ ....................................................................................................178
    qVTI@BU@TIVUEPXOύϥϝʔλɹ'MVFOUEఀࢭ࣌ʹσʔλΛग़ྗ͢Δ .................................. 179
    νϟϯΫαΠζͷ੍ޚ ........................................................................................................ 179
    νϟϯΫαΠζͷϨίʔυ਺ʹΑΔ੍ޚ ........................................................................180
    όοϑΝ૯༰ྔͷ੍ޚ ....................................................................................................... 181
    όοϑΝ૯༰ྔΛ࢖͍੾ͬͨ৔߹ͷॲཧ ......................................................................181
    ѹॖΦϓγϣϯʹΑΔόοϑΝ࢖༻༰ྔͷ࡟ݮ .............................................................182
    7.6 1BSTFSϓϥάΠϯɹσʔλΛղੳ͢Δ 182
    1BSTFSϓϥάΠϯ͕࣮ߦ͢Δॲཧ .................................................................................... 183
    1BSTFSʹΑΔ೔࣌ղੳ ...................................................................................................... 184
    1BSTFSʹΑΔܕม׵ ......................................................................................................... 185
    1BSTFS͕ۭͩͱ൑அ͢Δ஋ͷࢦఆ ................................................................................... 186
    7.7 'PSNBUUFSϓϥάΠϯɹΠϕϯτΛςΩετσʔλʹ੔ܗ͢Δ 187
    'PSNBUUFSϓϥάΠϯ͕࣮ߦ͢Δॲཧ .............................................................................. 189
    'PSNBUUFSʹΑΔ೔࣌ม׵ ............................................................................................... 189
    7.8 4UPSBHFϓϥάΠϯɹϓϥάΠϯͷͨΊͷอଘػೳΛఏڙ͢Δ 190
    4UPSBHFϓϥάΠϯ͕࣮ߦ͢Δॲཧ.................................................................................. 190
    7.9 4FSWJDF%JTDPWFSZϓϥάΠϯɹ࿈ܞઌαʔϏεΛ؅ཧ͢Δ 192
    4FSWJDF%JTDPWFSZϓϥάΠϯ͕࣮ߦ͢Δॲཧ ............................................................... 193
    7.10 ·ͱΊ 194
    xv
    ໨࣍

    8

    ૊ࠐΈϓϥάΠϯ .......................................................................................... 195
    8.1 ͞·͟·ͳ૊ࠐΈϓϥάΠϯ 196
    8.2 JO@UBJMϓϥάΠϯͱ1BSTFSϓϥάΠϯɹςΩετ
    ϑΝΠϧ͔ΒσʔλΛಡΈࠐΉ 197
    ϩάͷಡΈࠐΈઃఆ .......................................................................................................... 198
    ߦ୯ҐͷϩάͷಡΈࠐΈ .........................................................................................198
    ෳ਺ߦ͔ΒͳΔϩάͷಡΈࠐΈ ..................................................................................199
    ௕͗͢Δߦͷແࢹ .......................................................................................................203
    ͞·͟·ͳϑΝΠϧύεࢦఆɹಡΈࠐΈର৅Λॊೈʹࢦఆ͢Δ ............................................... 203
    ϫΠϧυΧʔυʹΑΔෳ਺ϑΝΠϧͷฒߦಡΈࠐΈ .......................................................204
    ೔࣌ύλʔϯʹΑΔ೔෇ͳͲΛؚΉϑΝΠϧ໊ϩάͷܧଓతͳಡΈࠐΈ .......................204
    ෳ਺ϑΝΠϧΛର৅ʹͨ͠ϑΝΠϧͷઌ಄͔ΒͷಡΈࠐΈ ............................................204
    ಡΈࠐΈͷఀࢭͱ࠶։ ...................................................................................................... 205
    ϩάϩʔςʔγϣϯ࣌ͷJO@UBJMϓϥάΠϯͷڍಈ ............................................................. 206
    ϩάϩʔςʔγϣϯޙͷ΋ͱͷϑΝΠϧͷ؂ࢹ ..............................................................208
    ϩάϩʔςʔγϣϯޙͷ৽نϑΝΠϧ࡞੒ͷݕग़ .........................................................208
    ϫΠϧυΧʔυ࢖༻࣌ͷϩάϩʔςʔγϣϯ .................................................................208
    ΞΫηεݖݶͷτ
    ϥϒϧɹϑΝΠϧͷಡΈࠐΈݖݶͱɺ
    ࠶։Ґஔʹඞཁͳॻ͖ࠐΈݖݶ ............... 209
    8.3 PVU@pMFϓϥάΠϯͱ'PSNBUUFSϓϥάΠϯɹσʔλΛςΩετ
    ϑΝΠϧʹॻ͖ग़͢ 210
    ॻ͖ग़͠୯Ґ͓Αͼσʔλܗࣜͷࢦఆ ............................................................................. 210
    λά΍೔࣌ΛؚΜͩϑΝΠϧ໊Ͱͷॻ͖ग़͠ ................................................................212
    ϑΝΠϧ୯ҐͰͷॻ͖ग़͓͠Αͼ௥ه ............................................................................... 212
    ѹॖϑΝΠϧͰͷॻ͖ग़͠ ................................................................................................. 213
    PVU@pMFϓϥάΠϯʹΑΔग़ྗϑΝΠϧͷ֎෦͔Βͷ؂ࢹ ............................................... 214
    8.4 JO@GPSXBSEPVU@GPSXBSEϓϥάΠϯɹωο
    τϫʔΫܦ༝ͰσʔλΛૹड৴͢Δ 214
    ϗετؒͰͷσʔλͷ΍Γ
    ͱ
    Γ ........................................................................................... 215
    BUMFBTUPODFʹΑΔ࣮֬ͳૹ৴ ...................................................................................... 216
    BUMFBTUPODFͰͷ௨৴ύλʔϯ .................................................................................216
    BUMFBTUPODFͰͷσʔλૹ৴ͷσϝϦ
    οτ ..................................................................218
    σʔλૹ৴ઌͷ؅ཧํ๏ .................................................................................................. 219
    σʔλૹ৴ઌͷઃఆϑΝΠϧͰͷ؅ཧ .........................................................................219
    σʔλૹ৴ઌͷ4FSWJDF%JTDPWFSZϓϥάΠϯͰͷ؅ཧ ...............................................221
    TE@pMFϓϥάΠϯʹΑΔ4FSWJDF%JTDPWFSZϓϥάΠϯͷ࢖༻ྫ ..................................221
    ௨৴ͷ҉߸Խɹ5-4ʹΑΔ҉߸Խ௨৴ͰσʔλΛૹΔ ............................................................. 223
    ҉߸ԽͷͨΊͷαʔόূ໌ॻͷ४උ ..........................................................................224
    ࣄલڞ༗ͨ͠ূ໌ॻΛ$"ͱ
    ͠
    ͯͷαʔόূ໌ॻͷੜ੒ ...............................................226
    ૹड৴ͷ૬खͷ૬ޓೝূ ................................................................................................. 230
    ڞ༗ΩʔʹΑΔૹड৴૬ޓͷೝূ ...............................................................................230
    Ϣʔβʔ໊ͱύεϫʔυʹΑΔૹ৴ऀͷೝূ ...............................................................233
    xvi
    ΩʔϓΞϥΠϒͷར༻ɹཱ֬ͨ͠઀ଓΛ࠶ར༻͠
    ͯ઀ଓෛՙΛ࡟ݮ͢Δ ................................... 235
    )FBSUCFBUͷ6%1ར༻ɹ௨৴ෛՙΛ࡟ݮ͢Δ .................................................................... 236
    ड৴ͨ͠σʔλͷ੍ޚ ....................................................................................................... 237
    ϥϕϧʹΑΔड৴σʔλॲཧํ๏ͷ੍ޚ .....................................................................237
    ड৴σʔλͷλάͷมߋ .............................................................................................237
    ड৴σʔλ΁ͷૹ৴ݩ৘ใͷ௥Ճ ..............................................................................238
    ҆શʹѻ͑ͳ͍ड৴σʔλͷແࢹ ...............................................................................239
    8.5 PVU@DPQZϓϥάΠϯɹෳ਺ͷϓϥάΠϯͱͷ૊Έ߹ΘͤͰσʔλΛผʑʹॲཧ͢Δ 239
    ΄͔ͷ0VUQVUϓϥάΠϯͱͷ૊Έ߹Θͤྫ .................................................................... 240
    PVU@TUEPVUϓϥάΠϯɹσʔλͷத਎Λ֬ೝ͢Δ .............................................................241
    PVU@SFMBCFMϓϥάΠϯɹσʔλΛผͷύΠϓϥΠϯ΁෼ذ͢Δ ............................................242
    DPQZ@NPEFύϥϝʔλɹଞϓϥάΠϯͷӨڹΛഉআ͢Δ ....................................................... 243
    ୯७ͳίϐʔʹΑΔϨίʔυ΁ͷมߋͷճආ ...............................................................244
    ਂ͍ίϐʔʹΑΔϨίʔυͷ஋΁ͷมߋͷճආ ............................................................244
    ग़ྗΤϥʔͷѻ͍ͷมߋɹϓϥάΠϯʹΑΔॲཧࣦഊΛແࢹ͢Δ ............................................ 245
    JHOPSF@FSSPSΦϓγϣϯɹಛఆϓϥάΠϯͰͷࣦഊΛແࢹ͢Δ .............................................245
    JHOPSF@JG@QSFW@TVDDFTTΦϓγϣϯɹલϓϥάΠϯ͕ࣦഊͨ͠ͱ͖ʹग़ྗΛ࣮ߦ͢Δ .............246
    8.6 pMUFS@HSFQϓϥάΠϯɹਖ਼نදݱΛ༻͍ͯσʔλΛબผ͢Δ 247
    ৚݅ʹ߹͏Πϕϯτͷબผ ................................................................................................. 247
    ৚݅ʹ߹͏Πϕϯτͷআڈ ................................................................................................. 249
    બผͱআڈɺ
    BOEͱPSΛ૊Έ߹Θͤͨෳࡶͳ৚݅ͷهड़ ................................................ 250
    ਂ͍֊૚ߏ଄Λ࣋ͬͨϨίʔυͷॲཧ .............................................................................. 251
    8.7 pMUFS@QBSTFSϓϥάΠϯɹϨίʔυ಺ͷσʔλΛ͞
    Βʹղੳ͢Δ 251
    σʔλͷऔΓग़͠ɹϨίʔυͷ஋ʹؚ·ΕΔ৘ใΛϨίʔυͱ͢Δ ............................................. 252
    Πϕϯτͷߋ৽ɹϨίʔυͷ஋ʹؚ·ΕΔ৘ใΛϨίʔυʹՃ͑Δ ............................................. 253
    pMUFS@SFDPSE@USBOTGPSNFSϓϥάΠϯ
    ɹಠࣗͷϧʔϧ΍3VCZίʔυΛ༻͍ͯ͞ΒʹෳࡶͳॲཧΛ࣮ݱ͢Δ ............................................ 255
    8.8 JO@FYFDPVU@FYFDϓϥάΠϯɹ֎෦ίϚϯυͷ࣮ߦʹΑΔσʔλͷೖग़ྗ 255
    JO@FYFDϓϥάΠϯɹίϚϯυ࣮ߦ݁ՌΛऔΓࠐΉ ................................................................. 256
    ىಈޙʹܧଓతʹσʔλΛग़ྗ͢ΔίϚϯυͷར༻ ....................................................256
    ఆظతͳίϚϯυ࣮ߦ͔ΒͷσʔλऔΓࠐΈ ...............................................................257
    PVU@FYFDϓϥάΠϯɹίϚϯυ࣮ߦʹΑΓσʔλΛग़ྗ͢Δ ................................................... 258
    σʔλग़ྗͷ࣮ߦ࣌ؒͷ੍ޚ .....................................................................................258
    8.9 JO@IUUQPVU@IUUQϓϥάΠϯɹ)551௨৴ʹΑΔσʔλͷೖग़ྗ 259
    )551ϦΫΤετʹΑΔ֎෦͔Βͷσʔλड৴ ................................................................. 260
    ϦΫΤετϔομ΍ΫΤϦύϥϝʔλͷ஋ͷϨίʔυ΁ͷ௥Ճ .......................................261
    ΫϩεΦϦδϯϦΫΤετͷड৴ ..................................................................................262
    ೚ҙͷܗࣜΛ༻͍ͨ)551Ͱͷσʔλड৴ .................................................................262
    )551ϦΫΤετ
    ͱ
    ͠
    ͯͷ֎෦΁ͷσʔλૹ৴ .................................................................. 263
    ͭͷ+40/ΦϒδΣΫτͱ
    ͠
    ͯͷϦΫΤετϘσΟ .........................................................264
    xvii
    ໨࣍
    $POUFOU5ZQF΍೚ҙͷϦΫΤετϔομͷࢦఆ ..........................................................264
    )551ϦΫΤετͷࣦഊͷίϯτϩʔϧ ........................................................................265
    8.10 ·ͱΊ 266

    9

    ຊ൪؀ڥʹ͓͚Δߏ੒ͱӡ༻ ....................................................... 267
    9.1 ຊ൪؀ڥʹ͓͚Δ೉͠͞ 268
    9.2 σʔλͷऩूͱू໿ʹ͓͚Δઓུ 269
    ن໛ͷ֦େͱݖݶ͓Αͼೝূ৘ใ؅ཧͷཱ྆ ................................................................ 269
    ΤʔδΣϯτɹσʔλൃੜݩ͔ΒσʔλΛಡΈࠐΉ .................................................................. 270
    ू໿ϊʔυɹΤʔδΣϯτ͔ΒσʔλΛूΊͯॻ͖ࠐΉ .............................................................. 271
    ू໿ϊʔυʹΑΔੑೳͱӡ༻ੑͷ޲্ .........................................................................273
    ू໿ϊʔυͷ৑௕Խ ....................................................................................................273
    ίϯςφ͔Βͷϩάऩू .................................................................................................... 273
    ϑΝΠϧΛܦ༝ͨ͠ϩάऩू ........................................................................................274
    %PDLFSͷ-PHHJOH%SJWFSΛܦ༝ͨ͠ϩάऩू ............................................................275
    'MVFOUEΛίϯςφͰಈ͔͠
    ͯͷϩάऩू....................................................................276
    9.3 ΤʔδΣϯ
    τʹ͓͚Δ'MVFOUEઃఆͷ஫ҙ఺ 277
    $16΍ϝϞϦͳͲͷϦιʔεফඅͷ཈੍.......................................................................... 278
    ΤʔδΣϯτͷσΟ
    εΫεϖʔε΁ͷ্ݶઃఆ.................................................................. 278
    ϓϥάΠϯ͝ͱͷόοϑΝͷ࠷େ࢖༻αΠζ .................................................................279
    ωο
    τϫʔΫ΁ͷաෛՙͷ๷ࢭ ......................................................................................... 279
    'MVFOUEͷఀࢭॱং੍ޚɹϩάग़ྗݩΑΓ΋͋ͱʹ'MVFOUEΛఀࢭ͢Δ .................................. 280
    9.4 ू໿ϊʔ
    υʹ͓͚Δ'MVFOUEઃఆͷ஫ҙ఺ 280
    αʔόੑೳΛ׆͔ͤΔΑ͏ͳύϥϝʔλઃఆ .................................................................... 280
    ू໿ϊʔυͷσΟ
    εΫεϖʔεͷઃܭͱ੍ޚ ..................................................................... 281
    ඞཁͳϩʔΧϧσΟ
    εΫͷ૯༰ྔΛݟੵ΋Δ ................................................................281
    σΟ
    εΫ࢖༻ྔΛߟ͑ͨύϥϝʔλઃఆ .......................................................................281
    ৗʹ༨༟Λ࣋ͨͤͨωο
    τϫʔΫଳҬ .............................................................................. 282
    ߴεϧʔϓοτͳσʔλग़ྗͷͨΊͷઃఆͱઃܭ .........................................................282
    ෳ਺ͷू໿ϊʔυ΁ͷ෼ࢄσʔλసૹ ............................................................................. 283
    PVU@GPSXBSEϓϥάΠϯʹΑΔ෼ࢄσʔλసૹ .............................................................283
    ෳ਺ͷू໿ϊʔυ΁ͷσʔλసૹʹ͓͚Δϩʔυόϥϯαͷར༻ .................................284
    ϩʔυόϥϯαʹΑΔ҉߸Խͷ૊Έ߹Θͤ ..................................................................284
    9.5 ίϯςφʹ͓͚Δ'MVFOUEઃఆͷ஫ҙ఺ 285
    ϑΝΠϧͷॴ༗ݖͱύʔϛ
    ογϣϯͷ֬ೝ ......................................................................... 286
    ίϯςφͷऴྃॱংͷࢦఆ ............................................................................................... 286
    ίϯςφ֎Λར༻ͨ͠ϑΝΠϧόοϑΝ .............................................................................. 286
    xviii
    9.6 όοϑΝ؅ཧͷͨΊͷઃఆͱΦϓγϣϯ 287
    qVTI@BU@TIVUEPXOύϥϝʔλɹఀࢭ࣌ʹϩʔΧϧετϨʔδʹϑΝΠϧΛ࢒͞ͳ͍ .............. 287
    XJUIPVUTPVSDFίϚϯυϥΠϯΦϓγϣϯ
    ɹ࢒ͬͨόοϑΝΛग़ྗ͢ΔͨΊʹ'MVFOUEΛىಈ͢Δ ................................................................ 288
    αʔόγϟ
    οτμ΢ϯॲཧͱ
    ͠
    ͯͷόοϑΝग़ྗ༻ͷىಈ ..............................................288
    9.7 ࣮ӡ༻ͷͨΊͷ'MVFOUEϩάઃఆ 290
    ϩάϨϕϧมߋʹΑΔ'MVFOUEϩάͷ੍ޚ ...................................................................... 290
    'MVFOUEશମͷϩάϨϕϧͷมߋ ...............................................................................291
    ϓϥάΠϯ୯ҐͷϩάϨϕϧͷมߋ .............................................................................291
    ಉ಺༰ͷΤϥʔϩάͷग़ྗྔͷ੍ޚ ................................................................................ 292
    ࿈ଓͨ͠ಉ͡ελοΫτϨʔεͷඇදࣔԽ ....................................................................292
    Ұఆ࣌ؒ಺ͷಉ಺༰ϩάͷඇදࣔԽ ..........................................................................293
    9.8 'MVFOUEͷ؂ࢹ 293
    JO@NPOJUPS@BHFOUϓϥάΠϯʹΑΔ؂ࢹ ........................................................................ 293
    ֎෦͔Βͷ؂ࢹϦΫΤετ΁ͷԠ౴ .............................................................................294
    ֎෦΁ͷಈ࡞ঢ়گͷใࠂ ...........................................................................................296
    9.9 ઃఆϑΝΠϧͱϓϥάΠϯͷ؅ཧख๏ 297
    !JODMVEFʹΑΔઃఆϑΝΠϧͷ༻్͝ͱͷ෼ׂͱڞ༗ ................................................... 297
    ઃఆϑΝΠϧͷಡΈࠐΈॱংͷ໌ࣔ ............................................................................298
    (FNpMFʹΑΔϓϥάΠϯͷҰׅ؅ཧ .............................................................................. 298
    %PDLFSʹΑΔ'MVFOUEͱϓϥάΠϯɺ
    ઃఆͷҰׅ؅ཧ ..................................................... 299
    9.10 ·ͱΊ 299

    10

    ϓϥάΠϯ։ൃͷجຊ ............................................................................ 301
    10.1 ϓϥάΠϯ։ൃͷඞཁੑ 302
    10.2 ϓϥάΠϯ։ൃνϡʔ
    τ
    ϦΞϧɹ؆୯ͳϓϥάΠϯΛॻ͍ͯΈΔ 303
    ࠷খݶͷϓϥάΠϯ࡞੒ ................................................................................................... 303
    ϓϥάΠϯϑΝΠϧͷ࡞੒ ............................................................................................303
    ϓϥάΠϯΛ࢖༻͢ΔઃఆϑΝΠϧͷ࡞੒ ....................................................................304
    ࡞੒ͨ͠ϓϥάΠϯͷಡΈࠐΈͱىಈ..........................................................................304
    ҰఆִؒͰͷϨίʔυੜ੒ͷ࣮૷ .................................................................................... 305
    ϓϥάΠϯϔϧύʔΛ༻͍ͨҰఆ࣌ؒ͝ͱͷॲཧ࣮ߦ .................................................306
    มߋͨ͠ॲཧ಺༰ͷ֬ೝ ............................................................................................306
    ύϥϝʔλʹΑΔઃఆͷར༻ ............................................................................................. 307
    จࣈྻͷͨΊͷύϥϝʔλ௥Ճ ...................................................................................307
    ௥Ճͨ͠ύϥϝʔλͷઃఆϑΝΠϧʹ͓͚Δࢦఆ ..........................................................309
    νϡʔτ
    ϦΞϧͷ;Γ͔͑Γ ................................................................................................ 310
    xix
    ໨࣍
    10.3 ϓϥάΠϯ։ൃͷྲྀΕ 310
    ϓϥάΠϯͷHFNύοέʔδԽͷߟྀ ............................................................................. 310
    HFNύοέʔδͷॳظ࡞੒ .............................................................................................. 311
    qVFOUQMVHJOHFOFSBUFίϚϯυʹΑΔϑΝΠϧੜ੒ ...................................................311
    CVOEMFHFNίϚϯυʹΑΔϑΝΠϧੜ੒ .....................................................................312
    HFNTQFD΁ͷHFN৘ใͷهड़ ....................................................................................... 314
    ϓϥάΠϯ৘ใͷฤू .................................................................................................314
    ґଘϥΠϒϥϦͷࢦఆ .................................................................................................315
    ϓϥάΠϯίʔυͷهड़ ..................................................................................................... 317
    ςετͷهड़ ...................................................................................................................... 317
    ςετʹΑΔϓϥάΠϯʹظ଴͢Δಈ࡞ͷ໌ࣔ .............................................................317
    ςετͷܧଓతͳ࣮ߦʹΑΔڍಈͷ֬ೝ .....................................................................318
    ڭࡐͱ
    ͠
    ͯͷଞϓϥάΠϯͷςετίʔυ......................................................................318
    όʔδϣϯ؅ཧɹόʔδϣϯ൪߸Λ෇͚ͯߋ৽͢Δ ................................................................. 318
    ϓϥάΠϯϦϦʔε࣌ͷॳظόʔδϣϯ ........................................................................319
    ϓϥάΠϯΛόʔδϣϯʹ͢Δ࣌ظ .........................................................................320
    Ϧ
    ϦʔεɹϓϥάΠϯΛඞཁͳ৔ॴͰಈ͔ͤΔΑ͏ʹ͢Δ ........................................................... 320
    ඇެ։HFNͱ͢Δ৔߹ͷϦϦʔε ................................................................................320
    3VCZ(FNTΛ௨͠
    ͯެ։͢Δ৔߹ͷϦϦʔε ...............................................................320
    ϦϦʔε͸Ϣʔβʔʹର͢Δίϛϡχέʔγϣϯ............................................................321
    10.4 ϓϥάΠϯڞ௨ͷॲཧ 321
    ϓϥάΠϯͷઃఆύϥϝʔλ .............................................................................................. 321
    ϓϥάΠϯϥΠϑαΠΫϧɹϓϥάΠϯىಈ࣌΍ఀࢭ࣌ʹॲཧΛ࣮ߦ͢Δ ................................. 322
    ඞཁͳϥΠϑαΠΫϧͷબ୒ͱ࣮૷..............................................................................322
    ϥΠϑαΠΫϧϝιουʹ͓͚ΔTVQFSݺͼग़͠ ............................................................323
    ϓϥάΠϯϔϧύʔɹ'MVFOUE͕༻ҙ͢Δڞ௨ͷػೳΛݺͼग़͢ ............................................ 324
    ϓϥάΠϯϔϧύʔͷ࢖༻એݴ ...................................................................................324
    ϥΠϑαΠΫϧϝιουʹ͓͚ΔTVQFSݺͼग़͠ ............................................................325
    ϓϥάΠϯ*%ͷ֬ೝͱར༻ɹಈ࡞தͷϓϥάΠϯݻ༗ͷ৘ใΛ࢖͏ ........................................ 326
    ϓϥάΠϯϧʔτσΟ
    ϨΫ
    τ
    ϦɹϓϥάΠϯͷͨΊͷϑΝΠϧஔ͖৔Λ࢖͏ .................................. 327
    ϓϥάΠϯϧʔτσΟ
    ϨΫτ
    Ϧ࢖༻࣌ͷ஫ҙ఺ ...............................................................327
    4UPSBHFϓϥάΠϯʹΑΔϓϥάΠϯσʔλอଘͷݕ౼.................................................327
    ෳ਺ϫʔΧʔରԠɹෳ਺ͷ'MVFOUEϓϩηεͰϓϥάΠϯΛಈ࡞ͤ͞Δ ..................................... 328
    ෳ਺ϫʔΧʔʹରԠͨ͠ϓϥάΠϯͷ࡞੒ ...................................................................328
    ઃఆʹΑΔෳ਺ϫʔΧʔରԠͷՄ൱ ............................................................................329
    ϓϥάΠϯϩΨʔɹϓϥάΠϯͷಈ࡞ঢ়گΛه࿥͢Δ .............................................................. 330
    ϓϥάΠϯϩΨʔͷ࢖༻ํ๏ .......................................................................................330
    ΩʔϫʔυҾ਺Λ༻͍ͨ෇Ճ৘ใͷ෇༩ .....................................................................331
    ϒϩοΫΛ༻͍ͨ෇Ճ৘ใͷ෇༩ ...............................................................................331
    FSSPSΩʔϫʔυʹΑΔྫ֎ͷϩΪϯά.........................................................................332
    ϩάग़ྗͷॏཁੑ ......................................................................................................332
    10.5 ·ͱΊ 333
    xx

    11

    ϓϥάΠϯͷઃఆ .......................................................................................... 335
    11.1 ϓϥάΠϯͷઃఆํ๏ɹύϥϝʔλͱηΫγϣϯΛ࢖༻͢Δ 336
    11.2 ύϥϝʔλͷఆٛͱར༻ 337
    ύϥϝʔλɹઃఆΛΦϒδΣΫτԽ͢Δ ................................................................................... 337
    DPOpH@QBSBNϝιο
    υɹύϥϝʔλΛఆٛ͢Δ .................................................................... 338
    ύϥϝʔλͷ໊લͱܕͷࢦఆ .......................................................................................339
    ύϥϝʔλͷΦϓγϣϯͷࢦఆ ....................................................................................339
    ύϥϝʔλͷ஋ͷར༻ .................................................................................................339
    ύϥϝʔλͷܕ ................................................................................................................... 340
    JOUFHFSɺ
    qPBUɹ੔਺ͱුಈখ਺఺਺ ...............................................................................340
    TJ[Fɺ
    UJNFɹ୯ҐΛࢦఆͰ͖Δ਺஋ ..................................................................................341
    CPPMɹਅِ͔ͷ஋ .........................................................................................................341
    TUSJOHɹ೚ҙͷจࣈྻ ...................................................................................................342
    FOVNɹγϯϘϧͷબ୒ࢶ ..............................................................................................342
    BSSBZɹ஋ͷ഑ྻ ..........................................................................................................342
    IBTIɹΩʔͱ஋ͷϖΞ ...................................................................................................342
    SFHFYQɹจࣈྻͷύλʔϯ ............................................................................................343
    ܕഁΓͳύϥϝʔλɹܕͷΈͰ͸ఆٛͰ͖ͳ͍ઃఆ஋Λ࢖͏.................................................... 344
    ܕΛ໌ࣔ͠ͳ͍ύϥϝʔλͷఆٛͱ࢖༻ ......................................................................344
    ࠔͬͨͱ͖ͷจࣈྻύϥϝʔλ ....................................................................................345
    ύϥϝʔλͷΦϓγϣϯ ..................................................................................................... 345
    EFGBVMUΦϓγϣϯɹແࢦఆͷ৔߹ͷσϑΥϧτ஋Λࢦఆ͢Δ ...............................................346
    TFDSFUΦϓγϣϯɹઃఆ஋Λϩάʹදࣔ͠ͳ͍Α͏ൿີʹ͢Δ ..............................................346
    QBSBN@OBNFΦϓγϣϯɹϓϥάΠϯίʔυ಺Ͱ͸ઃఆ໊ͱҟͳΔ໊લΛ࢖͏ ........................346
    BMJBTΦϓγϣϯɹઃఆϑΝΠϧ಺Ͱͷύϥϝʔλͷผ໊Λ࢖͑ΔΑ͏ʹ͢Δ ..............................347
    EFQSFDBUFEΦϓγϣϯɹ΋͏࢖༻͠ͳ͍Ͱ΄͍͠ύϥϝʔλΛࣔ͢ .......................................347
    PCTPMFUFEΦϓγϣϯɹύϥϝʔλΛ࢖༻ېࢭͩͱએݴ͢Δ .................................................348
    EFTDΦϓγϣϯɹύϥϝʔλͷઆ໌Λهड़͢Δ ..................................................................349
    DPOpH@TFU@EFGBVMUϝιο
    υɹσϑΥϧτ஋Λ্ॻ͖͢Δ ..................................................... 350
    σϑΥϧτ஋ͷ্ॻ͖ͷར༻έʔε .............................................................................350
    11.3 ηΫγϣϯͷఆٛͱར༻ 351
    ηΫγϣϯɹσΟ
    ϨΫςΟϒΛΦϒδΣΫτԽ͢Δ ....................................................................... 352
    DPOpH@TFDUJPOϝιο
    υɹηΫγϣϯΛఆٛ͢Δ .................................................................. 352
    ηΫγϣϯͷ໊લͱύϥϝʔλͷࢦఆ ...........................................................................353
    ηΫγϣϯͷҾ਺ͷࢦఆ..............................................................................................354
    ηΫγϣϯΦϒδΣΫτͷར༻ ......................................................................................354
    ηΫγϣϯͷΦϓγϣϯ ...................................................................................................... 355
    SFRVJSFEΦϓγϣϯɹࢦఆඞਢͷηΫγϣϯΛ࡞Δ ............................................................355
    NVMUJΦϓγϣϯɹಉ໊ηΫγϣϯΛෳ਺ࢦఆՄೳʹ͢Δ .....................................................355
    xxi
    ໨࣍
    JOJUΦϓγϣϯɹઃఆϑΝΠϧͰࢦఆ͞Εͳ͘
    ͯ΋ηΫγϣϯΦϒδΣΫτΛ࡞Δ ..........................356
    pOBMΦϓγϣϯɹηΫγϣϯఆٛΛ্ॻ͖ෆՄೳʹ͢Δ .......................................................356
    QBSBN@OBNFΦϓγϣϯɹϓϥάΠϯίʔυ಺Ͱ͸ઃఆ໊ͱҟͳΔ໊લΛ࢖͏ ........................357
    BMJBTΦϓγϣϯɹઃఆϑΝΠϧ಺ͰͷσΟ
    ϨΫςΟ
    ϒͷผ໊Λ࢖͑ΔΑ͏ʹ͢Δ .........................358
    11.4 ϓϥάΠϯʹΑΔઃఆͷղੳͱར༻ 358
    DPOpHVSFϝιο
    υɹϓϥάΠϯΛઃఆ͢Δ ........................................................................... 358
    ϓϥάΠϯઃఆղੳͷৄࡉ ..........................................................................................358
    ઃఆ஋ͷ௥ՃνΣ
    οΫͷ࣮૷ .......................................................................................360
    ઃఆ஋Λ༻͍ͨϓϥάΠϯىಈͷ४උ ............................................................................. 360
    11.5 ·ͱΊ 362

    12

    ϓϥάΠϯ͝ͱͷ։ൃखॱ ................................................................ 363
    12.1 *OQVUϓϥάΠϯͷ։ൃ 364
    *OQVUϓϥάΠϯͷܗࣜ ..................................................................................................... 364
    σʔλͷऔΓࠐΈ ............................................................................................................... 365
    3PVUFSΛܦ༝͢ΔσʔλऔΓࠐΈ ...............................................................................365
    SPVUFSFNJUϝιουʹ౉͢λάͱ೔࣌ɺ
    Ϩίʔυ...........................................................366
    ಡΈऔͬͨσʔλͷ೔࣌΍छผͷѻ͍ ........................................................................366
    ෳ਺Πϕϯτͷޮ཰తͳFNJU ............................................................................................ 368
    ಉҰλάͷΠϕϯτʹର͢ΔFNJU@BSSBZϝιουͷ࢖༻ ...............................................368
    *OQVUϓϥάΠϯʹ͓͚Δύλʔϯ .................................................................................... 369
    ఆظతͳॲཧ࣮ߦ ......................................................................................................369
    ωοτϫʔΫܦ༝Ͱͷσʔλड৴ .................................................................................370
    12.2 'JMUFSϓϥάΠϯͷ։ൃ 372
    'JMUFSϓϥάΠϯͷܗࣜ ..................................................................................................... 372
    ೔࣌ૢ࡞ͷ༗ແʹΑΔ࣮૷ͷҧ͍...............................................................................373
    Πϕϯτ಺༰ͷมߋɹϨίʔυ΍೔࣌Λߋ৽͢Δ.................................................................... 374
    Ϩίʔυͷมߋ ...........................................................................................................374
    ೔࣌ͷมߋ .................................................................................................................374
    Πϕϯτͷഁغɹಛఆͷ৚݅ʹ߹ΘͤͯΠϕϯτΛഁغ͢Δ ..................................................... 375
    ഁغ͞ΕͨΠϕϯτͷΤϥʔετ
    ϦʔϜ΁ͷग़ྗ ...........................................................376
    'JMUFSϓϥάΠϯʹظ଴͠ͳ͍ॲཧ ................................................................................... 376
    12.3 0VUQVUϓϥάΠϯͷ։ൃ 377
    0VUQVUϓϥάΠϯͷܗࣜ .................................................................................................. 377
    0VUQVUϓϥάΠϯͷಈ࡞Ϟʔυ ....................................................................................... 378
    όοϑΝ0VUQVUϓϥάΠϯɹόοϑΝʹͨΊͨσʔλΛ·ͱΊͯ֎෦ʹॻ͖ग़͢ ......................378
    ඇಉظόοϑΝ0VUQVUϓϥάΠϯɹ·ͱΊͨσʔλॻ͖ग़͠ͷ݁ՌΛผ్֬ೝ͢Δ ................380
    ඇόοϑΝ0VUQVUϓϥάΠϯɹσʔλ͕དྷͨΒଈ࠲ʹॻ͖ग़͢ ...........................................381
    xxii
    όοϑΝ0VUQVUϓϥάΠϯͷ࣮૷ ..................................................................................... 382
    όοϑΝϦϯάͷ୯ҐͱͳΔόοϑΝνϟϯΫ ................................................................383
    όοϑΝνϟϯΫ಺ͷσʔλ .........................................................................................383
    όοϑΝνϟϯΫʹର͠
    ͯՄೳͳૢ࡞ ............................................................................384
    όοϑΝνϟϯΫͷϝλσʔλͷར༻ ............................................................................384
    όοϑΝνϟϯΫͷϢχʔΫ*%Λ༻͍ͨσʔλॲཧͷ௥੻ ............................................385
    όοϑΝνϟϯΫ୯ҐͰͷग़ྗઌͷมߋ.......................................................................386
    όοϑΝνϟϯΫͷσʔλܗࣜมߋ ..............................................................................387
    ඇಉظόοϑΝ0VUQVUϓϥάΠϯͷ࣮૷ ......................................................................... 389
    ඇಉظόοϑΝͷόοϑΝνϟϯΫͷѻ͍͸ಉظόοϑΝͱڞ௨ ....................................391
    ग़ྗ࣌ͷॻ͖ग़͠͝ͱͷ*%෇༩ ..................................................................................391
    ॻ͖ग़݁͠Ռ֬ೝޙͷίϛ
    οτ .....................................................................................392
    ඇಉظόοϑΝʹΑΔڧݻͳσʔλอޢͷ࣮ݱ ............................................................392
    ඇόοϑΝ0VUQVUϓϥάΠϯͷ࣮૷ ................................................................................. 393
    ࣗྗͰͷྫ֎ॲཧͷ࣮ࢪ............................................................................................393
    ࣦഊΛڐ༰͢ΔέʔεͰͷར༻ ..................................................................................394
    0VUQVUϓϥάΠϯͷಈ࡞Ϟʔυܾఆϧʔϧ..................................................................... 395
    ਖ਼ৗʹग़ྗͰ͖ͳ͍ΠϕϯτͷΤϥʔετ
    ϦʔϜ΁ͷग़ྗ ................................................ 398
    12.4 1BSTFSϓϥάΠϯͷ։ൃ 399
    1BSTFSϓϥάΠϯͷܗࣜ .................................................................................................. 399
    1BSTFSϓϥάΠϯʹΑΔσʔλ͔Βͷෳ਺ͷΠϕϯτऔΓग़͠ ......................................... 400
    1BSTFSϓϥάΠϯ͕ڞ௨Ͱఏڙ͢Δػೳ ......................................................................... 401
    12.5 'PSNBUUFSϓϥάΠϯͷ։ൃ 401
    'PSNBUUFSϓϥάΠϯͷܗࣜ ............................................................................................ 402
    'PSNBUUFSϓϥάΠϯ͕ڞ௨Ͱఏڙ͢Δػೳ .................................................................. 402
    12.6 ·ͱΊ 403

    13

    ϓϥάΠϯͷςε
    τ...................................................................................... 405
    13.1 ςε
    τهड़ͷํ๏ 406
    ςετͷྲྀΕ ...................................................................................................................... 406
    ࠷খݶͷςετίʔυهड़ ..........................................................................................407
    ςετͷ४උͱ࣮ߦ ....................................................................................................407
    ࣮ߦͱमਖ਼ͷ܁Γฦ͠ .................................................................................................408
    ςετ
    ίʔυͷॻ͖ํ ......................................................................................................... 408
    ެ։ϓϥάΠϯͷςετͷࢀর ....................................................................................409
    13.2 *OQVUϓϥάΠϯͷςε
    τ 410
    Πϕϯτੜ੒ͷਖ਼͍͠ݕূ ................................................................................................. 411
    ಈ࡞ݕূલͷಛఆͷॲཧͷ࣮ߦ .................................................................................412
    xxiii
    ໨࣍
    ϓϥάΠϯͷىಈ΍ఀࢭॲཧͷলུ ............................................................................412
    ೖྗΠϕϯτͷݕࠪʹ࢖༻Ͱ͖Δϝιο
    υ ......................................................................... 413
    FWFOUTϝιουɹΠϕϯτΛฦ͢.....................................................................................413
    SFDPSE@DPVOUϝιουɹΠϕϯτͷ਺Λฦ͢ ....................................................................414
    FWFOU@TUSFBNTϝιουɹΠϕϯτετ
    ϦʔϜΛฦ͢ ..........................................................414
    FNJU@DPVOUϝιουɹFNJUͨ͠ճ਺Λฦ͢ .....................................................................415
    13.3 'JMUFSϓϥάΠϯͷςε
    τ 415
    Πϕϯτʹର͢Δϑ
    Οϧλ݁Ռͷݕূ ................................................................................ 416
    'JMUFSϓϥάΠϯͷςετʹ͓͚Δλάͷѻ͍ͷলུ ...................................................... 417
    13.4 0VUQVUϓϥάΠϯͷςε
    τ 417
    ϞοΫΛ࢖ͬͨग़ྗͷݕূ ................................................................................................ 418
    ग़ྗͷݕূํ๏ΛܾΊ͔ͯΒͷςετهड़ ...................................................................... 420
    13.5 1BSTFSϓϥάΠϯͷςε
    τ 421
    ճͷݺͼग़͠
    Ͱෳ਺Ϩίʔυ͕ฦΔ৔߹ͷ૝ఆ ............................................................. 422
    13.6 'PSNBUUFSϓϥάΠϯͷςε
    τ 422
    13.7 ςε
    τهड़ͷͨΊͷϔϧύʔϝιο
    υ 423
    FWFOU@UJNFϝιο
    υɹ๬Έͷ೔࣌ΦϒδΣΫτΛ؆୯ʹੜ੒͢Δ ............................................ 424
    XJUI@UJNF[POFϝιο
    υɹλΠ
    ϜκʔϯΛมߋ͢Δ................................................................ 424
    XJUI@XPSLFS@DPOpHϝιο
    υɹෳ਺ϫʔΧʔͰͷಈ࡞ΛγϛϡϨʔτ͢Δ .............................. 425
    DBQUVSF@MPHϝιο
    υɹϓϥάΠϯ͔Βͷϩάग़ྗΛऔಘ͢Δ ................................................. 425
    13.8 ·ͱΊ 426

    14

    ϓϥάΠϯϔϧύʔ ................................................................................... 427
    14.1 ͞·͟·ͳϓϥάΠϯϔϧύʔ 428
    14.2 ϓϥάΠϯϔϧύʔͷ࢖༻ํ๏ 429
    ϓϥάΠϯϔϧύʔͷ༗ޮԽɹϓϥάΠϯͰ࢖༻͢ΔػೳΛએݴ͢Δ ..................................... 429
    ϓϥάΠϯϔϧύʔͷϝιο
    υݺͼग़͠ ............................................................................ 430
    ϓϥάΠϯϔϧύʔϝιο
    υͷઆ໌ྫ ............................................................................... 430
    14.3 UJNFSϓϥάΠϯϔϧύʔɹҰఆ࣌ؒ͝ͱʹॲཧΛ࣮ߦ͢Δ 431
    UJNFS@FYFDVUFϝιο
    υɹϒϩοΫҾ਺ͷॲཧΛҰఆ࣌ؒ͝ͱʹ࣮ߦ͢Δ ................................ 431
    14.4 DIJME@QSPDFTTϓϥάΠϯϔϧύʔɹ֎෦ίϚϯυΛࢠϓϩηεͱ
    ͠
    ࣮ͯߦ͢Δ 432
    DIJME@QSPDFTT@FYJTU ϝιο
    υɹࢠϓϩηε͕࣮ߦத͔Ͳ͏͔Λฦ͢ .................................. 433
    DIJME@QSPDFTT@FYFDVUFϝιο
    υɹࢦఆίϚϯυΛࢠϓϩηεͱ
    ͠
    ࣮ͯߦ͢Δ ........................ 433
    ୯७ͳ֎෦ίϚϯυͷىಈ .........................................................................................435
    xxiv
    ىಈͨ͠֎෦ίϚϯυͱͷؒͰͷೖग़ྗ ......................................................................436
    ֎෦ίϚϯυͱͷೖग़ྗʹ͓͚ΔΤϯίʔσΟ
    ϯάม׵ ................................................436
    ϒϩοΫ෇͖ݺͼग़͠ͱϓϩηεͷऴྃ .......................................................................437
    14.5 TFSWFSϓϥάΠϯϔϧύʔɹωο
    τϫʔΫαʔόΛ࡞੒͢Δ 437
    TFSWFS@DSFBUFϝιο
    υɹωοτϫʔΫαʔόΛ࡞੒͠
    ͯىಈ͢Δ ............................................ 439
    Ϣʔβʔ͕ઃఆͨ͠ϓϩτίϧͷ࢖༻ .........................................................................440
    ίωΫγϣϯΛ࢖༻ͨ͠ϝ
    οηʔδฦ৴ ........................................................................440
    ෳ਺ϫʔΧʔಈ࡞΁ͷରԠ .........................................................................................441
    6%1σʔλૹ৴ʹର͢Δฦ৴ͷड৴ ..........................................................................441
    γεςϜʹґଘ͢Δ௿ϨϕϧΦϓγϣϯ .......................................................................441
    TFSWFS@DSFBUF@DPOOFDUJPOϝιο
    υɹίωΫγϣϯཱ֬Λݕग़͢ΔαʔόΛ࡞੒͢Δ ........... 442
    ཱ֬ͨ͠઀ଓʹର͢Δૢ࡞ .........................................................................................443
    14.6 IUUQ@TFSWFSϓϥάΠϯϔϧύʔɹ)551αʔόΛ࡞੒͢Δ 444
    IUUQ@TFSWFS@DSFBUF@IUUQ@TFSWFSϝιο
    υɹ)551αʔόΛ࡞੒͠
    ͯىಈ͢Δ .................... 444
    ϦΫΤετύε͝ͱͷॲཧͷهड़ .................................................................................445
    σϑΥϧτͷॲཧ ........................................................................................................446
    IUUQ@TFSWFS@DSFBUF@IUUQT@TFSWFSϝιο
    υɹ)5514αʔόΛ࡞੒͠
    ͯىಈ͢Δ ................ 447
    14.7 UISFBEϓϥάΠϯϔϧύʔɹεϨο
    υΛ࡞੒͢Δ 447
    UISFBE@DSFBUFϝιο
    υɹεϨουΛ࡞੒͠
    ͯ։࢝͢Δ ........................................................... 448
    UISFBE@DVSSFOU@SVOOJOH ϝιο
    υɹݱࡏͷεϨου͕࣮ߦதঢ়ଶ͔Ͳ͏͔Λฦ͢ ............... 448
    UISFBE@XBJU@VOUJM@TUBSUϝιο
    υɹ͢΂ͯͷεϨου͕࣮ߦதʹͳΔ·Ͱ଴ͭ ...................... 449
    UISFBE@XBJU@VOUJM@TUPQϝιο
    υɹ͢΂ͯͷεϨου͕ఀࢭ͢Δ·Ͱ଴ͭ ............................. 450
    14.8 TPDLFUϓϥάΠϯϔϧύʔɹιέο
    τΛ࡞੒͢Δ 451
    TPDLFU@DSFBUF@UDQϝιο
    υɹ5$1ιέοτΛ࡞੒͠
    ͯ઀ଓ͢Δ ............................................ 451
    TPDLFU@DSFBUF@VEQϝιο
    υɹ6%1ιέοτΛ࡞੒͢Δ ...................................................... 452
    TPDLFU@DSFBUF@UMTϝιο
    υɹ5-4ιέοτΛ࡞੒͠
    ͯ઀ଓ͢Δ .............................................. 453
    TPDLFU@DSFBUFϝιο
    υɹࢦఆϓϩτίϧͰιέοτΛ࡞੒͢Δ .............................................. 455
    14.9 JOKFDUϓϥάΠϯϔϧύʔɹλά΍೔࣌ͳͲΛ஫ೖ͢Δ 456
    JOKFDU@WBMVFT@UP@SFDPSEϝιο
    υɹλά΍೔࣌ͳͲΛϨίʔυʹ஫ೖ͢Δ ........................... 456
    JOKFDU@WBMVFT@UP@FWFOU@TUSFBNϝιο
    υɹλά΍೔࣌ͳͲΛΠϕϯτετ
    ϦʔϜʹ஫ೖ͢Δ ... 456
    14.10 FYUSBDUϓϥάΠϯϔϧύʔɹϨίʔυ͔Βλά΍೔࣌ΛऔΓग़͢ 457
    FYUSBDU@UBH@GSPN@SFDPSEϝιο
    υɹϨίʔυ͔ΒλάΛऔΓग़͢ ....................................... 457
    FYUSBDU@UJNF@GSPN@SFDPSEϝιο
    υɹϨίʔυ͔Β೔࣌ΛऔΓग़͢ .................................... 458
    14.11 GPSNBUUFSϓϥάΠϯϔϧύʔɹσʔλจࣈྻͷͨΊ'PSNBUUFSϓϥάΠϯΛ࡞੒͢Δ 459
    GPSNBUUFS@DSFBUFϝιο
    υɹ'PSNBUUFSϓϥάΠϯΛ࡞੒͢Δ ............................................... 459
    ϓϥάΠϯʹΑΔ'PSNBUUFSϓϥάΠϯͷσϑΥϧτࢦఆ ..............................................459
    ༻్͝ͱʹҟͳΔෳ਺ͷ'PSNBUUFSϓϥάΠϯͷ࡞੒ ..................................................460
    ࡞੒ͨ͠ϓϥάΠϯͷར༻ ...........................................................................................461
    xxv
    ໨࣍
    14.12 QBSTFSϓϥάΠϯϔϧύʔɹจࣈྻΛղੳ͠
    ͯσʔλΛಘΔͨΊ1BSTFSϓϥάΠϯΛ࡞੒͢Δ 461
    QBSTFS@DSFBUFϝιο
    υɹ1BSTFSϓϥάΠϯΛ࡞੒͢Δ ......................................................... 462
    ϓϥάΠϯʹΑΔ1BSTFSϓϥάΠϯͷσϑΥϧτࢦఆ ....................................................462
    1BSTFSϓϥάΠϯͷϒϩοΫ෇͖ݺͼग़͠ ...................................................................462
    14.13 SFDPSE@BDDFTTPSϓϥάΠϯϔϧύʔɹෳࡶͳߏ଄ͷϨίʔυʹΞΫηε͢Δ 463
    SFDPSE@BDDFTTPS@DSFBUFϝιο
    υɹࢦఆཁૉ΁ͷΞΫηαΦϒδΣΫτΛ࡞੒͢Δ ............... 464
    14.14 TUPSBHFϓϥάΠϯϔϧύʔɹϓϥάΠϯ͔Β࢖༻ՄೳͳετϨʔδΛఏڙ͢Δ 465
    TUPSBHF@DSFBUFϝιο
    υɹ4UPSBHFϓϥάΠϯΛ࡞੒͢Δ ..................................................... 465
    ετϨʔδʹର͢Δσʔλૢ࡞ ....................................................................................466
    14.15 TFSWJDF@EJTDPWFSZϓϥάΠϯϔϧύʔɹαʔϏεͷ৘ใΛϓϥάΠϯʹର͠
    ͯఏڙ͢Δ 467
    TFSWJDF@EJTDPWFSZ@DPOpHVSFϝιο
    υɹ4FSWJDF%JTDPWFSZϓϥάΠϯͷηοτΞοϓΛߦ͏ ... 468
    ઐ༻ͷσΟ
    ϨΫςΟϒʹઃఆ͞Εͨ৘ใͷࢀর ............................................................468
    ݻఆϦετͷઐ༻σΟ
    ϨΫςΟϒʹΑΔࢦఆ ..................................................................470
    αʔϏεΦϒδΣΫτͷϓϥάΠϯଆΦϒδΣΫτ΁ͷม׵ ...........................................470
    αʔϏεͷબ୒ํ๏ͷ੍ޚ .........................................................................................471
    TFSWJDF@EJTDPWFSZ@TFMFDU@TFSWJDFϝιο
    υɹར༻ՄೳαʔϏεΛͭબ୒͢Δ ................ 472
    TFSWJDF@EJTDPWFSZ@TFSWJDFTϝιο
    υɹར༻ՄೳαʔϏεΛ͢΂ͯฦ͢ ............................. 473
    TFSWJDF@EJTDPWFSZ@SFCBMBODFϝιο
    υɹαʔϏεͷϦόϥϯεΛߦ͏ ............................... 473
    14.16 DPVOUFSϓϥάΠϯϔϧύʔɹ಺෦༻Χ΢ϯλΛఏڙ͢Δ 473
    $PVOUFS"1*ɹ'MVFOUEϓϩηεؒͰڞ༗͞ΕͨΧ΢ϯλͷૢ࡞ .............................................. 474
    Χ΢ϯλʹΑΔ਺஋ͷอଘ ..........................................................................................474
    ΫϥΠΞϯτΛܦ༝ͨ͠Χ΢ϯλૢ࡞ ............................................................................475
    $PVOUFS"1*༗ޮԽʹඞཁͳઃఆ ..............................................................................475
    DPVOUFS@DMJFOU@DSFBUFϝιο
    υɹ$PVOUFS"1*ΫϥΠΞϯτΛ࡞੒͢Δ ................................ 476
    Χ΢ϯλૢ࡞ͷಉظ࣮ߦͱඇಉظ࣮ߦ ........................................................................476
    Χ΢ϯλͷॳظԽ .......................................................................................................477
    Χ΢ϯλͷऔಘ ...........................................................................................................478
    Χ΢ϯλͷ૿Ճ ...........................................................................................................478
    Χ΢ϯλͷϦηοτ ......................................................................................................479
    Χ΢ϯλͷ࡟আ ...........................................................................................................479
    14.17 FWFOU@FNJUUFSϓϥάΠϯϔϧύʔɹϓϥάΠϯ͔ΒΠϕϯτΛೖྗ͢Δ 480
    SPVUFSϝιο
    υɹ3PVUFSΛฦ͢ ............................................................................................ 480
    14.18 ·ͱΊ 481

    15

    'MVFOUEͷ௨৴ϓϩ
    τίϧ .............................................................. 483
    15.1 ωο
    τϫʔΫ௨৴ϓϩ
    τίϧͷॏཁੑ 484
    xxvi
    15.2 'MVFOUEGPSXBSEQSPUPDPMWͷ֓ཁɹ௨৴࿏ͱσʔλදݱ 485
    ϓϩτ
    ίϧͷόʔδϣϯ ..................................................................................................... 485
    5$1·ͨ͸5-4Λ༻͍ͨ௨৴ .......................................................................................... 486
    .FTTBHF1BDLʹΑΔσʔλදݱ ..................................................................................... 486
    σʔλసૹͷͨΊͷϞʔυ ................................................................................................ 486
    .FTTBHFϞʔυɹҰ౓ʹΠϕϯτͷΈΛૹΔ ..................................................................487
    'PSXBSEϞʔυɹෳ਺ͷΠϕϯτΛ·ͱΊͯૹΔ .................................................................487
    1BDLFE'PSXBSEϞʔυɹॲཧޮ཰ͷྑ͍σʔλදݱΛ༻͍ͯૹΔ ......................................488
    $PNQSFTTFE1BDLFE'PSXBSEϞʔυɹѹॖࡁΈͷσʔλΛૹΔ ......................................489
    ೔࣌ͷදݱ ........................................................................................................................ 490
    φϊඵਫ਼౓ͷ஋Λ༻͍ͨ'MVFOUEͷ೔࣌ .....................................................................490
    ͭͷ੔਺Λ૊Έ߹Θͤͨ೔࣌දݱ ...........................................................................490
    ௨৴Φϓγϣϯ ................................................................................................................... 491
    TJ[FΦϓγϣϯɹσʔλ͕͍͘
    ͭΠϕϯτΛอ࣋͢Δ͔ࣔ͢ ...................................................491
    DIVOLΦϓγϣϯɹσʔλૹ৴ʹର͠
    ͯ"$,Λཁٻ͢Δ.......................................................491
    DPNQSFTTFEΦϓγϣϯɹσʔλͷѹॖܗࣜΛࢦఆ͢Δ .....................................................491
    15.3 )FBSUCFBUΛ༻͍ͨࢮ׆؂ࢹɹσʔλૹ৴ઌ͕ਖ਼ৗ͔֬ೝ͢Δ 492
    'MVFOUEʹ͓͚Δ)FBSUCFBU ............................................................................................ 492
    JO@GPSXBSEPVU@GPSXBSEϓϥάΠϯʹ͓͚Δ࣮ࡍͷࢮ׆؂ࢹ ..................................... 493
    15.4 "$,ɹσʔλΛड৴ͨ͜͠ͱΛૹ৴ݩʹ௨஌͢Δ 493
    "$,Λཁٻ͢Δσʔλసૹ ............................................................................................... 494
    "$,ཁٻ͞Εͨ৔߹ͷϨεϙϯε .................................................................................... 494
    15.5 ೝূɹૹ৴ݩ͋Δ͍͸ૹ৴ઌ͸ਖ਼͍͔͠Λ֬ೝ͢Δ 495
    σʔλૹ৴લͷೝূ࡞ۀ .................................................................................................. 495
    ڞ༗ΩʔʹΑΔαʔόͱΫϥΠΞϯτͷ૬ޓೝূ ..........................................................496
    Ϣʔβʔ໊ͱύεϫʔυʹΑΔΫϥΠΞϯτೝূ ...........................................................496
    αʔόͷ)&-0ϝ
    οηʔδɹೝূॲཧʹඞཁͳ৘ใΛ఻͑Δ ................................................. 497
    ௨ৗͷ৔߹ .................................................................................................................497
    ΫϥΠΞϯτೝূΛཁٻ͢Δ৔߹ .................................................................................498
    ΫϥΠΞϯτͷ1*/(ϝ
    οηʔδɹΫϥΠΞϯτ͔Βೝূ৘ใΛૹΔ ......................................... 498
    αʔόͷ10/(ϝ
    οηʔδɹೝূ݁Ռͱαʔό͔Βͷೝূ৘ใΛฦ͢ .................................... 499
    15.6 5-4ʹΑΔ҉߸Խ௨৴ɹૹ৴σʔλΛ҉߸ԽʹΑΓकΔ 501
    5-4ͷϝϦ
    ο
    τ
    ͱσϝϦ
    ο
    τ ................................................................................................. 501
    5-4ͷσϝϦ
    ο
    τΛ؇࿨͢ΔΩʔϓΞϥΠϒ ..................................................................... 502
    15.7 ·ͱΊ 503
    ͋ͱ͕͖ .............................................................................................................................. 504
    ࡧҾ .................................................................................................................................... 505
    ஶऀϓϩϑ
    Οʔϧ ........................................................................................................517
    ా᝷૱ஶ
    ʰ'MVFOUE࣮ફೖ໳ʱ
    ٕज़ධ࿦ࣾɺ

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  80. 8%#13&44ͱࠓޙ

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  81. 8%#13&44͸ऴΘΒͳ͍
    ௨ৗ͸ʮٳץʯʹʮഇץʯ͚ͩͲɺจࣈͲ͓Γʮִ݄ࢽͱͯ͠͸ٳץʯ
    w ஑ాେथ͞Μ͕ޙ೚
    w ೥Ҏ্ʹΘ͍ͨͬͯͬ͠ΐʹ࡞͖ͬͯͨύʔτφʔ
    w ฤूऀͱͯ͠΋ਓͱͯ͠΋ɺͱͯ΋৴པ͍ͯ͠Δ
    w ૯ूฤͷץߦ
    w ಛผ߸ͷෆఆظץߦ
    w 8%#13&44QMVTγϦʔζͷץߦ

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  82. Ըฦ͠Λ͍ͨ͠
    ࠓͷॴଐઌ͸ʮ8%#13&44ͷฤू௕Λܴ͑ೖΕΔ
    ͔Βʹ͸ɺࣗࣾͷͨΊ͚ͩͰͳ͘ɺͻΖٕ͘ज़ίϛϡχ
    ςΟʹߩݙͰ͖Δ͜ͱ΋ʯͱݴͬͯ͘Ε͍ͯ·͢ɻ
    ࢲࣗ਎΋ɺ೥Ҏ্ʹΘ͓ͨͬͯੈ࿩ʹͳΓɺҭ͍ͯͯ
    ͍ͨͩͨίϛϡχςΟͷΈͳ͞·ʹɺ೥ɺ೥Λ͔͚
    ͯԸฦ͠Λ͍ͨ͠ͱ͍͏ࢥ͍΋ڧ͍ͷͰɺԿ͔͍͟͝·
    ͨ͠Βɺ͓ؾܰʹ͓੠͕͚͍ͩ͘͞ɻ

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  83. ͝Ѫಡ͋Γ͕ͱ͏͍͟͝·ͨ͠ɻ

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