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CSE205 Lecture 20

CSE205 Lecture 20

Object-Oriented Programming and Data Structures
Collections
(202204)

Javier Gonzalez-Sanchez
PRO

September 30, 2021
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  1. jgs CSE 205 Object-Oriented Programming and Data Structures Lecture 20:

    Collections Dr. Javier Gonzalez-Sanchez javiergs@asu.edu javiergs.engineering.asu.edu | javiergs.com PERALTA 230U Office Hours: By appointment
  2. jgs Previously

  3. Javier Gonzalez-Sanchez | CSE205 | Fall 2021 | 3 jgs

    I introduce you a List, a Linked List
  4. Javier Gonzalez-Sanchez | CSE205 | Fall 2021 | 4 jgs

    I introduce you a List, a Linked List
  5. Javier Gonzalez-Sanchez | CSE205 | Fall 2021 | 5 jgs

    I introduce you a List, a Linked List
  6. jgs Collections

  7. Javier Gonzalez-Sanchez | CSE205 | Fall 2021 | 7 jgs

    Definition § Java Collections is a framework that provides an architecture to store and manipulate the group of objects. § Java Collections can achieve all the operations that you perform on a data such as searching, sorting, insertion, manipulation, and deletion.
  8. Javier Gonzalez-Sanchez | CSE205 | Fall 2021 | 8 jgs

    Hierarchy
  9. Javier Gonzalez-Sanchez | CSE205 | Fall 2021 | 9 jgs

    Common methods § public boolean add(E e) § public boolean remove(E e) § public int size() § public void clear() § public boolean contains(Object element) § public boolean isEmpty() § And more …
  10. Javier Gonzalez-Sanchez | CSE205 | Fall 2021 | 10 jgs

    The interface List § List <data-type> list1= new LinkedList(); § List <data-type> list4 = new Stack(); § LinkedList <data-type> list2 = new LinkedList(); § Stack <data-type> list4 = new Stack();
  11. Javier Gonzalez-Sanchez | CSE205 | Fall 2021 | 11 jgs

    LinkedList import java.util.*; public class TestJavaCollection2{ public static void main(String a []){ LinkedList<String> al=new LinkedList<String>(); al.add(”Mary"); al.add(”John"); al.add(”Tom"); al.add(”Susan"); } }
  12. Javier Gonzalez-Sanchez | CSE205 | Fall 2021 | 12 jgs

    Stack import java.util.*; public class TestJavaCollection4{ public static void main(String args[]){ Stack<String> stack = new Stack<String>(); stack.push(”Sun"); stack.push(”Earth"); stack.push(”Pluto"); stack.push(”Saturn"); System.out.println(stack.pop()); System.out.println(stack.pop()); System.out.println(stack.pop()); } }
  13. Javier Gonzalez-Sanchez | CSE205 | Fall 2021 | 13 jgs

    PriorityQueue // PriorityQueue doesn't allow null values to be stored in the queue import java.util.*; public class TestJavaCollection5{ public static void main(String args[]){ PriorityQueue<String> queue=new PriorityQueue<String>(); queue.add(”One"); queue.add(”Two"); queue.add(”Three"); queue.add(”Four"); // Retrieves, but does not remove, the head of this queue System.out.println("head:"+queue.element()); System.out.println("head:"+queue.peek()); // Retrieves and removes the head of this queue queue.remove(); queue.poll(); System.out.println("after removing two elements:"); }
  14. jgs Test Yourselves

  15. Javier Gonzalez-Sanchez | CSE205 | Fall 2021 | 15 jgs

    What about the classes § Student § Section § Course § AcademicProgram
  16. jgs Nuts and bolts of Binary Trees Nodes

  17. Javier Gonzalez-Sanchez | CSE205 | Fall 2021 | 17 jgs

    What is the problem with arrays?
  18. Javier Gonzalez-Sanchez | CSE205 | Fall 2021 | 18 jgs

    I introduce you a List, a Linked List
  19. Javier Gonzalez-Sanchez | CSE205 | Fall 2021 | 19 jgs

    What about this?
  20. Javier Gonzalez-Sanchez | CSE205 | Fall 2021 | 20 jgs

    Binary Tree § A non-linear data structure § where each node can have 2 children at most. § keep the tree sorted
  21. Javier Gonzalez-Sanchez | CSE205 | Fall 2021 | 21 jgs

    Node class Node { public int value; public Node left public Node right; Node(int value){ value = value; left = null; right = null; } }
  22. Javier Gonzalez-Sanchez | CSE205 | Fall 2021 | 22 jgs

    Tree | insert public class Tree { public void insert(Node node, int value) { if (value < node.value) { if (node.left != null) { insert(node.left, value); } else { System.out.println(" Inserted to left"); node.left = new Node(value); } } else if (value > node.value) { if (node.right != null) { insert(node.right, value); } else { System.out.println(" Inserted to right "); node.right = new Node(value); } } }
  23. Javier Gonzalez-Sanchez | CSE205 | Fall 2021 | 23 jgs

    Tree | Example public static void main(String args[]) { Tree tree = new Tree(); Node root = new Node(5); tree.insert(root, 2); tree.insert(root, 4); tree.insert(root, 8); tree.insert(root, 6); tree.insert(root, 7); tree.insert(root, 3); tree.insert(root, 9); tree.traverseLevelOrder(); } }
  24. Javier Gonzalez-Sanchez | CSE205 | Fall 2021 | 24 jgs

    Tree | Traverse public void traverseInOrder(Node node) { if (node != null) { traverseInOrder(node.left); System.out.print(" " + node.value); traverseInOrder(node.right); } }
  25. Javier Gonzalez-Sanchez | CSE205 | Fall 2021 | 25 jgs

    Questions
  26. jgs CSE 205 Object-Oriented Programming and Data Structures Javier Gonzalez-Sanchez,

    Ph.D. javiergs@asu.edu Fall 2021 Copyright. These slides can only be used as study material for the class CSE205 at Arizona State University. They cannot be distributed or used for another purpose.