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Re-thinking the role of remittances in transnational relationships

Jørgen Carling
November 06, 2013

Re-thinking the role of remittances in transnational relationships

Presented at the Globalisation, Transnationalism and Development Colloquium, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, Maastricht University, 6 November 2013. Like all my slide decks, this one is a visual aid to an oral presentation, not a self-explanatory document. There's more information on my publications and work in progress on my web site: www.jorgencarling.com.

Jørgen Carling

November 06, 2013
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  1. Globalisation, Transnationalism and Development
    Colloquium, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences,
    Maastricht University, 6 November 2013
    Re-thinking the role
    of remittances in
    transnational
    relationships
    Jørgen Carling

    View full-size slide

  2. Re-thinking the role
    of remittances in
    transnational
    relationships
    Previous work
    with different…
    – Perspectives
    – Methods
    – Literatures

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  3. Re-thinking the role
    of remittances in
    transnational
    relationships
    Current project
    Theorizing Risk,
    Money and Moralities
    in Migration (TRiMM)

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  4. Two
    literatures
    Human
    dynamics
    Remittance
    transactions
    Looking
    ahead
    Re-thinking the role
    of remittances in
    transnational
    relationships

    View full-size slide

  5. Re-thinking the role
    of remittances in
    transnational
    relationships
    Economics-
    oriented
    literature
    Ethnographic
    literature
    Two
    literatures
    Human
    dynamics
    Remittance
    transactions
    Looking
    ahead

    View full-size slide

  6. Economics-
    oriented
    literature
    Ethnographic
    literature
    • Shared theoretical
    reference points
    Two
    literatures
    Human
    dynamics
    Remittance
    transactions
    Looking
    ahead

    View full-size slide

  7. Pure
    altruism
    Pure self-
    interest
    Tempered
    altruism or
    enlightened
    self-interest
    Motivations
    to remit
    Repayment
    Coinsurance
    Inheritance
    Investment
    Return

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  8. Economics-
    oriented
    literature
    Ethnographic
    literature
    • Shared theoretical
    reference points
    • Explicitly about
    remittances
    • Often socially
    decontextualized
    • Rich social
    contextualization
    • Remittances often a
    sub-theme
    • Patchy theorizing
    about remittances
    Two
    literatures
    Human
    dynamics
    Remittance
    transactions
    Looking
    ahead

    View full-size slide

  9. Economics-
    oriented
    literature
    Ethnographic
    literature
    “It’s anecdotal
    and it can’t be
    measured”
    “Reality is much
    more complex
    than that”
    Two
    literatures
    Human
    dynamics
    Remittance
    transactions
    Looking
    ahead

    View full-size slide

  10. Economics-
    oriented
    literature
    Ethnographic
    literature
    • Don’t just say it’s complex
    • Be careful in privileging the measurable
    • Balance the specific and the general
    Propositions
    Two
    literatures
    Human
    dynamics
    Remittance
    transactions
    Looking
    ahead

    View full-size slide

  11. • Balance the specific and the general
    James Hill / New York Times
    Two
    literatures
    Human
    dynamics
    Remittance
    transactions
    Looking
    ahead

    View full-size slide

  12. Carling, J (2008) ‘The human dynamics of
    migrant transnationalism.’ Ethnic and Racial
    Studies, 31(8): 1452-1477.
    • Balance the specific and the general
    Two
    literatures
    Human
    dynamics
    Remittance
    transactions
    Looking
    ahead

    View full-size slide

  13. Carling, J (2008) ‘The human dynamics of
    migrant transnationalism.’ Ethnic and Racial
    Studies, 31(8): 1452-1477.
    • Balance the specific and the general
    Intrinsic asymmetries
    Frustrating for both sides
    Varying and contradictory
    Two
    literatures
    Human
    dynamics
    Remittance
    transactions
    Looking
    ahead

    View full-size slide

  14. Sender Receiver
    Two
    literatures
    Human
    dynamics
    Remittance
    transactions
    Looking
    ahead

    View full-size slide

  15. Sender Receiver
    Transactors
    Two
    literatures
    Human
    dynamics
    Remittance
    transactions
    Looking
    ahead

    View full-size slide

  16. Feelings
    Expectations
    Requitals
    Rituals
    Two
    literatures
    Human
    dynamics
    Remittance
    transactions
    Looking
    ahead

    View full-size slide

  17. Transaction models
    • Purchase
    • Gift
    • Allowance
    • Assistance
    • Contribution
    • Alms
    • Sacrifice
    • Entitlement
    • Pooling
    • Loan
    • Repayment
    • Investment
    • Authorization
    • Blackmail
    Two
    literatures
    Human
    dynamics
    Remittance
    transactions
    Looking
    ahead

    View full-size slide

  18. Transaction models
    • Purchase
    • Gift
    • Allowance
    • Assistance
    • Contribution
    • Alms
    • Sacrifice
    • Entitlement
    • Pooling
    • Loan
    • Repayment
    • Investment
    • Authorization
    • Blackmail
    Two
    literatures
    Human
    dynamics
    Remittance
    transactions
    Looking
    ahead

    View full-size slide

  19. Transaction models
    • Purchase
    • Gift
    • Allowance
    • Assistance
    • Contribution
    • Alms
    • Sacrifice
    • Entitlement
    • Pooling
    • Loan
    • Repayment
    • Investment
    • Authorization
    • Blackmail
    Two
    literatures
    Human
    dynamics
    Remittance
    transactions
    Looking
    ahead

    View full-size slide

  20. Transaction models
    • Purchase
    • Gift
    • Allowance
    • Assistance
    • Contribution
    • Alms
    • Sacrifice
    • Entitlement
    • Pooling
    • Loan
    • Repayment
    • Investment
    • Authorization
    • Blackmail
    Two
    literatures
    Human
    dynamics
    Remittance
    transactions
    Looking
    ahead

    View full-size slide

  21. • Purchase
    • Gift
    • Allowance
    • Assistance
    • Contribution
    • Alms
    • Sacrifice
    • Entitlement
    • Pooling
    • Loan
    • Repayment
    • Investment
    • Authorization
    • Blackmail
    Transaction models
    Two
    literatures
    Human
    dynamics
    Remittance
    transactions
    Looking
    ahead

    View full-size slide

  22. • Purchase
    • Gift
    • Allowance
    • Assistance
    • Contribution
    • Alms
    • Sacrifice
    • Entitlement
    • Pooling
    • Loan
    • Repayment
    • Investment
    • Authorization
    • Blackmail
    Transaction models
    Two
    literatures
    Human
    dynamics
    Remittance
    transactions
    Looking
    ahead

    View full-size slide

  23. • Purchase
    • Gift
    • Allowance
    • Assistance
    • Contribution
    • Alms
    • Sacrifice
    • Entitlement
    • Pooling
    • Loan
    • Repayment
    • Investment
    • Authorization
    • Blackmail
    Transaction models
    Two
    literatures
    Human
    dynamics
    Remittance
    transactions
    Looking
    ahead

    View full-size slide

  24. • Purchase
    • Gift
    • Allowance
    • Assistance
    • Contribution
    • Alms
    • Sacrifice
    • Entitlement
    • Pooling
    • Loan
    • Repayment
    • Investment
    • Authorization
    • Blackmail
    Transaction models
    Two
    literatures
    Human
    dynamics
    Remittance
    transactions
    Looking
    ahead

    View full-size slide

  25. • Purchase
    • Gift
    • Allowance
    • Assistance
    • Contribution
    • Alms
    • Sacrifice
    • Entitlement
    • Pooling
    • Loan
    • Repayment
    • Investment
    • Authorization
    • Blackmail
    Transaction models
    Two
    literatures
    Human
    dynamics
    Remittance
    transactions
    Looking
    ahead

    View full-size slide

  26. • Purchase
    • Gift
    • Allowance
    • Assistance
    • Contribution
    • Alms
    • Sacrifice
    • Entitlement
    • Pooling
    • Loan
    • Repayment
    • Investment
    • Authorization
    • Blackmail
    Transaction models
    Two
    literatures
    Human
    dynamics
    Remittance
    transactions
    Looking
    ahead

    View full-size slide

  27. • Purchase
    • Gift
    • Allowance
    • Assistance
    • Contribution
    • Alms
    • Sacrifice
    • Entitlement
    • Pooling
    • Loan
    • Repayment
    • Investment
    • Authorization
    • Blackmail
    Transaction models
    Two
    literatures
    Human
    dynamics
    Remittance
    transactions
    Looking
    ahead

    View full-size slide

  28. • Purchase
    • Gift
    • Allowance
    • Assistance
    • Contribution
    • Alms
    • Sacrifice
    • Entitlement
    • Pooling
    • Loan
    • Repayment
    • Investment
    • Authorization
    • Blackmail
    Transaction models
    Two
    literatures
    Human
    dynamics
    Remittance
    transactions
    Looking
    ahead

    View full-size slide

  29. ?
    • Purchase
    • Gift
    • Allowance
    • Assistance
    • Contribution
    • Alms
    • Sacrifice
    • Entitlement
    • Pooling
    • Loan
    • Repayment
    • Investment
    • Authorization
    • Blackmail
    Transaction models
    Two
    literatures
    Human
    dynamics
    Remittance
    transactions
    Looking
    ahead

    View full-size slide

  30. Transnational
    relations
    Generic
    aspects of
    relations
    Migration-
    induced
    aspects of
    relations
    Remittance
    transactions
    Generic aspects
    of transaction
    model
    Migration-
    induced
    aspects of
    transactions

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  31. • Purchase
    • Gift
    • Allowance
    • Assistance
    • Contribution
    • Alms
    • Sacrifice
    • Entitlement
    • Pooling
    • Loan
    • Repayment
    • Investment
    • Authorization
    • Blackmail
    Transaction models
    Two
    literatures
    Human
    dynamics
    Remittance
    transactions
    Looking
    ahead

    View full-size slide

  32. Market shares
    Cultural norms
    Two
    literatures
    Human
    dynamics
    Remittance
    transactions
    Looking
    ahead

    View full-size slide

  33. Market shares
    Cultural norms
    Two
    literatures
    Human
    dynamics
    Remittance
    transactions
    Looking
    ahead

    View full-size slide

  34. Good
    migrants
    remit
    Two
    literatures
    Human
    dynamics
    Remittance
    transactions
    Looking
    ahead

    View full-size slide

  35. Good
    migrants
    remit
    Market
    actors
    National
    politicians
    Development
    agencies
    Neighbourhood
    gossip
    Two
    literatures
    Human
    dynamics
    Remittance
    transactions
    Looking
    ahead

    View full-size slide

  36. Economics-
    oriented
    literature
    Ethnographic
    literature
    Two
    literatures
    Human
    dynamics
    Remittance
    transactions
    Looking
    ahead

    View full-size slide

  37. Economics-
    oriented
    literature
    Ethnographic
    literature
    Research Question:
    Are migrants
    altruistic or
    self-interested?
    Two
    literatures
    Human
    dynamics
    Remittance
    transactions
    Looking
    ahead

    View full-size slide

  38. Economics-
    oriented
    literature
    Ethnographic
    literature
    Research Question:
    Are migrants
    altruistic or
    self-interested?
    Two
    literatures
    Human
    dynamics
    Remittance
    transactions
    Looking
    ahead
    Research Question:
    ?

    View full-size slide

  39. Research Question:
    Are migrants
    altruistic or
    self-interested?
    Two
    literatures
    Human
    dynamics
    Remittance
    transactions
    Looking
    ahead
    Research Question:
    ?

    View full-size slide

  40. Research
    Questions
    Two
    literatures
    Human
    dynamics
    Remittance
    transactions
    Looking
    ahead

    View full-size slide

  41. Research
    Questions
    Two
    literatures
    Human
    dynamics
    Remittance
    transactions
    Looking
    ahead

    View full-size slide

  42. [email protected]
    www.prio.org/staff/jorgen
    www.jorgencarling.com
    @jorgencarling
    Thank you!

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