Re-thinking the role of remittances in transnational relationships

8c8d4173451c303f559714887fa658e1?s=47 Jørgen Carling
November 06, 2013

Re-thinking the role of remittances in transnational relationships

Presented at the Globalisation, Transnationalism and Development Colloquium, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, Maastricht University, 6 November 2013. Like all my slide decks, this one is a visual aid to an oral presentation, not a self-explanatory document. There's more information on my publications and work in progress on my web site: www.jorgencarling.com.

8c8d4173451c303f559714887fa658e1?s=128

Jørgen Carling

November 06, 2013
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  1. Globalisation, Transnationalism and Development Colloquium, Faculty of Arts and Social

    Sciences, Maastricht University, 6 November 2013 Re-thinking the role of remittances in transnational relationships Jørgen Carling
  2. Re-thinking the role of remittances in transnational relationships Previous work

    with different… – Perspectives – Methods – Literatures
  3. Re-thinking the role of remittances in transnational relationships Current project

    Theorizing Risk, Money and Moralities in Migration (TRiMM)
  4. Two literatures Human dynamics Remittance transactions Looking ahead Re-thinking the

    role of remittances in transnational relationships
  5. Re-thinking the role of remittances in transnational relationships Economics- oriented

    literature Ethnographic literature Two literatures Human dynamics Remittance transactions Looking ahead
  6. Economics- oriented literature Ethnographic literature • Shared theoretical reference points

    Two literatures Human dynamics Remittance transactions Looking ahead
  7. Pure altruism Pure self- interest Tempered altruism or enlightened self-interest

    Motivations to remit Repayment Coinsurance Inheritance Investment Return
  8. Economics- oriented literature Ethnographic literature • Shared theoretical reference points

    • Explicitly about remittances • Often socially decontextualized • Rich social contextualization • Remittances often a sub-theme • Patchy theorizing about remittances Two literatures Human dynamics Remittance transactions Looking ahead
  9. Economics- oriented literature Ethnographic literature “It’s anecdotal and it can’t

    be measured” “Reality is much more complex than that” Two literatures Human dynamics Remittance transactions Looking ahead
  10. Economics- oriented literature Ethnographic literature • Don’t just say it’s

    complex • Be careful in privileging the measurable • Balance the specific and the general Propositions Two literatures Human dynamics Remittance transactions Looking ahead
  11. • Balance the specific and the general James Hill /

    New York Times Two literatures Human dynamics Remittance transactions Looking ahead
  12. Carling, J (2008) ‘The human dynamics of migrant transnationalism.’ Ethnic

    and Racial Studies, 31(8): 1452-1477. • Balance the specific and the general Two literatures Human dynamics Remittance transactions Looking ahead
  13. Carling, J (2008) ‘The human dynamics of migrant transnationalism.’ Ethnic

    and Racial Studies, 31(8): 1452-1477. • Balance the specific and the general Intrinsic asymmetries Frustrating for both sides Varying and contradictory Two literatures Human dynamics Remittance transactions Looking ahead
  14. Sender Receiver Two literatures Human dynamics Remittance transactions Looking ahead

  15. Sender Receiver Transactors Two literatures Human dynamics Remittance transactions Looking

    ahead
  16. Feelings Expectations Requitals Rituals Two literatures Human dynamics Remittance transactions

    Looking ahead
  17. Transaction models • Purchase • Gift • Allowance • Assistance

    • Contribution • Alms • Sacrifice • Entitlement • Pooling • Loan • Repayment • Investment • Authorization • Blackmail Two literatures Human dynamics Remittance transactions Looking ahead
  18. Transaction models • Purchase • Gift • Allowance • Assistance

    • Contribution • Alms • Sacrifice • Entitlement • Pooling • Loan • Repayment • Investment • Authorization • Blackmail Two literatures Human dynamics Remittance transactions Looking ahead
  19. Transaction models • Purchase • Gift • Allowance • Assistance

    • Contribution • Alms • Sacrifice • Entitlement • Pooling • Loan • Repayment • Investment • Authorization • Blackmail Two literatures Human dynamics Remittance transactions Looking ahead
  20. Transaction models • Purchase • Gift • Allowance • Assistance

    • Contribution • Alms • Sacrifice • Entitlement • Pooling • Loan • Repayment • Investment • Authorization • Blackmail Two literatures Human dynamics Remittance transactions Looking ahead
  21. • Purchase • Gift • Allowance • Assistance • Contribution

    • Alms • Sacrifice • Entitlement • Pooling • Loan • Repayment • Investment • Authorization • Blackmail Transaction models Two literatures Human dynamics Remittance transactions Looking ahead
  22. • Purchase • Gift • Allowance • Assistance • Contribution

    • Alms • Sacrifice • Entitlement • Pooling • Loan • Repayment • Investment • Authorization • Blackmail Transaction models Two literatures Human dynamics Remittance transactions Looking ahead
  23. • Purchase • Gift • Allowance • Assistance • Contribution

    • Alms • Sacrifice • Entitlement • Pooling • Loan • Repayment • Investment • Authorization • Blackmail Transaction models Two literatures Human dynamics Remittance transactions Looking ahead
  24. • Purchase • Gift • Allowance • Assistance • Contribution

    • Alms • Sacrifice • Entitlement • Pooling • Loan • Repayment • Investment • Authorization • Blackmail Transaction models Two literatures Human dynamics Remittance transactions Looking ahead
  25. • Purchase • Gift • Allowance • Assistance • Contribution

    • Alms • Sacrifice • Entitlement • Pooling • Loan • Repayment • Investment • Authorization • Blackmail Transaction models Two literatures Human dynamics Remittance transactions Looking ahead
  26. • Purchase • Gift • Allowance • Assistance • Contribution

    • Alms • Sacrifice • Entitlement • Pooling • Loan • Repayment • Investment • Authorization • Blackmail Transaction models Two literatures Human dynamics Remittance transactions Looking ahead
  27. • Purchase • Gift • Allowance • Assistance • Contribution

    • Alms • Sacrifice • Entitlement • Pooling • Loan • Repayment • Investment • Authorization • Blackmail Transaction models Two literatures Human dynamics Remittance transactions Looking ahead
  28. • Purchase • Gift • Allowance • Assistance • Contribution

    • Alms • Sacrifice • Entitlement • Pooling • Loan • Repayment • Investment • Authorization • Blackmail Transaction models Two literatures Human dynamics Remittance transactions Looking ahead
  29. ? • Purchase • Gift • Allowance • Assistance •

    Contribution • Alms • Sacrifice • Entitlement • Pooling • Loan • Repayment • Investment • Authorization • Blackmail Transaction models Two literatures Human dynamics Remittance transactions Looking ahead
  30. Transnational relations Generic aspects of relations Migration- induced aspects of

    relations Remittance transactions Generic aspects of transaction model Migration- induced aspects of transactions
  31. • Purchase • Gift • Allowance • Assistance • Contribution

    • Alms • Sacrifice • Entitlement • Pooling • Loan • Repayment • Investment • Authorization • Blackmail Transaction models Two literatures Human dynamics Remittance transactions Looking ahead
  32. Market shares Cultural norms Two literatures Human dynamics Remittance transactions

    Looking ahead
  33. Market shares Cultural norms Two literatures Human dynamics Remittance transactions

    Looking ahead
  34. Good migrants remit Two literatures Human dynamics Remittance transactions Looking

    ahead
  35. Good migrants remit Market actors National politicians Development agencies Neighbourhood

    gossip Two literatures Human dynamics Remittance transactions Looking ahead
  36. Economics- oriented literature Ethnographic literature Two literatures Human dynamics Remittance

    transactions Looking ahead
  37. Economics- oriented literature Ethnographic literature Research Question: Are migrants altruistic

    or self-interested? Two literatures Human dynamics Remittance transactions Looking ahead
  38. Economics- oriented literature Ethnographic literature Research Question: Are migrants altruistic

    or self-interested? Two literatures Human dynamics Remittance transactions Looking ahead Research Question: ?
  39. Research Question: Are migrants altruistic or self-interested? Two literatures Human

    dynamics Remittance transactions Looking ahead Research Question: ?
  40. Research Questions Two literatures Human dynamics Remittance transactions Looking ahead

  41. Research Questions Two literatures Human dynamics Remittance transactions Looking ahead

  42. jorgen@prio.no www.prio.org/staff/jorgen www.jorgencarling.com @jorgencarling Thank you!