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Pulling up the ladder? Migrants’ choices about helping others migrate or not

8c8d4173451c303f559714887fa658e1?s=47 Jørgen Carling
September 26, 2013

Pulling up the ladder? Migrants’ choices about helping others migrate or not

Presented at Examining Migration Dynamics: Networks and Beyond. University of Oxford, 24-26 September 2013. Like all my slide decks, this one is a visual aid to an oral presentation, not a self-exlanatory document. There's more information on my publications and work in progress on my web site: www.jorgencarling.com.

8c8d4173451c303f559714887fa658e1?s=128

Jørgen Carling

September 26, 2013
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  1. Theorizing the Evolution of European Migration Systems (THEMIS) Examining Migration

    Dynamics: Networks and Beyond. University of Oxford, 24-26 September 2013 Pulling up the ladder? Migrants’ choices about helping others migrate or not Jørgen Carling Jennifer Wu The views expressed here are those of the authors. They are not necessarily those of the THEMIS project or NORFACE.
  2. Theorizing the Evolution of European Migration Systems (THEMIS) What is

    help? • Actions • Objective • Aspirations • Request • Potential beneficiary • Potential provider
  3. Theorizing the Evolution of European Migration Systems (THEMIS) What is

    help? Decision to request help or not Decision to offer help or not
  4. Theorizing the Evolution of European Migration Systems (THEMIS) Decision to

    request help or not Decision to offer help or not Potential beneficiary Potential provider External environment(s)
  5. Theorizing the Evolution of European Migration Systems (THEMIS) Decision to

    request help or not Decision to offer help or not Potential beneficiary Potential provider External environment(s)
  6. Theorizing the Evolution of European Migration Systems (THEMIS) Design •

    3 origins • 4 destinations • 12 corridors • Expanding • Stagnating
  7. Theorizing the Evolution of European Migration Systems (THEMIS) Survey data

    • N = 2860 in destination countries • Pooling by origin • Controlling for desti- nation
  8. Theorizing the Evolution of European Migration Systems (THEMIS) Brazilians Moroccans

    Ukrainians Netherlands … … … Norway … … … Portugal … … … UK … … … Other variables … … … Observations 1040 887 933 Regression models, determinants of help
  9. Theorizing the Evolution of European Migration Systems (THEMIS) Having been

    asked for help with documents Having provided help with docu- ments, if asked Intention to help with documents, if asked • Destination country • Migration experience • Current circumstances
  10. Theorizing the Evolution of European Migration Systems (THEMIS) • Destination

    country • Migration experience • Current circumstances Obtained information from a person at the destination Came to destination to be with partner (spouse) Motivated by culture or education Motivated by opportunities for work
  11. Theorizing the Evolution of European Migration Systems (THEMIS) • Destination

    country • Migration experience • Current circumstances Strong tie to destination- country native Spends free time primarily with co-nationals Resource commitment to country of origin
  12. Theorizing the Evolution of European Migration Systems (THEMIS) Having been

    asked for help with documents Having provided help with docu- ments, if asked Intention to help with documents, if asked • Destination country • Migration experience • Current circumstances
  13. Theorizing the Evolution of European Migration Systems (THEMIS) Having been

    asked for help with documents Having provided help with docu- ments, if asked Intention to help with documents, if asked • Destination country • Migration experience • Current circumstances Outcome of specific requests for migration help • Potential beneficiary
  14. Theorizing the Evolution of European Migration Systems (THEMIS) Having been

    asked for help with documents Having provided help with docu- ments, if asked Intention to help with documents, if asked • Destination country • Migration experience • Current circumstances Outcome of specific requests for migration help Obtained information from a person at the destination
  15. Theorizing the Evolution of European Migration Systems (THEMIS) Having been

    asked for help with documents Having provided help with docu- ments, if asked Intention to help with documents, if asked • Destination country • Migration experience • Current circumstances Outcome of specific requests for migration help Obtained information from a person at the destination Brazilians 2.748*
  16. Theorizing the Evolution of European Migration Systems (THEMIS) Having been

    asked for help with documents Having provided help with docu- ments, if asked Intention to help with documents, if asked • Destination country • Migration experience • Current circumstances Outcome of specific requests for migration help Obtained information from a person at the destination Moroccans
  17. Theorizing the Evolution of European Migration Systems (THEMIS) Having been

    asked for help with documents Having provided help with docu- ments, if asked Intention to help with documents, if asked • Destination country • Migration experience • Current circumstances Outcome of specific requests for migration help Obtained information from a person at the destination Ukrainians 2.748*
  18. Theorizing the Evolution of European Migration Systems (THEMIS) Having been

    asked for help with documents Having provided help with docu- ments, if asked Intention to help with documents, if asked Outcome of specific requests for migration help • Potential beneficiary
  19. Theorizing the Evolution of European Migration Systems (THEMIS) Outcome of

    specific requests for migration help • Potential beneficiary 0 1 2 3 4 5 Close family member Sibling Other relative Friend or colleague Other non-relative Odds ratios for providing migration help Ref
  20. Theorizing the Evolution of European Migration Systems (THEMIS) Outcome of

    specific requests for migration help • Potential beneficiary 0 1 2 3 4 5 Close family member Sibling Other relative Friend or colleague Other non-relative Brazilians Odds ratios for providing migration help Ref NS
  21. Theorizing the Evolution of European Migration Systems (THEMIS) Outcome of

    specific requests for migration help • Potential beneficiary 0 1 2 3 4 5 Close family member Sibling Other relative Friend or colleague Other non-relative Moroccans Odds ratios for providing migration help Ref NS NS
  22. Theorizing the Evolution of European Migration Systems (THEMIS) Outcome of

    specific requests for migration help • Potential beneficiary 0 1 2 3 4 5 Close family member Sibling Other relative Friend or colleague Other non-relative Ukrainians Odds ratios for providing migration help Ref NS NS
  23. Theorizing the Evolution of European Migration Systems (THEMIS) Conclusion •

    Having been helped ⇒ inclined to help others (but not if Moroccan)
  24. Theorizing the Evolution of European Migration Systems (THEMIS) Financial support

    from NORFACE research programme on Migration in Europe is acknowledged. Thank You! jorgen.carling@prio.org jennifer.wu@prio.org