interested in Emoji. I studied communication in university. I’m fascinated by how people comunicate especially using computer technologies and the internet. I also love history. Especially computing history. I can get lost in reading old mailing list archive or archival video.
set of emoji. Emoji was used in communication device already. This Japanese version of iPhone (DP-211SW) had touch pad, supported Kanji characters, and emoji (spot the !). Also, pager was really popular device, from business person to high school girls. If you dial 88, certain pagers displayed — which was very popular.
member was sent to California to try AT&T’s PocketNet service, which had mobile web access. Shigetaka Kurita - who was testing Pocket Net would send email from the PocketNet phone on a train in SanFrancisco, make international phone call to the oﬃce in Tokyo and ask if they received it.
font? Why not image? Because back then i-mode had to have separate sockets - one for text and one for image, so that was not only slow to download but also used lot more data. Also, i-mode only supported GIF for image format. Back in late 1990s, patent of GIF was still not clear so they wanted to stay out of potential trouble.
icons in the original set. Kurita says “I purposefully did not include emoji related to religion, country, race, or gender to avoid future conﬂicts”. Perhaps because it was done in conservative place (NTT - DoCoMo’s parent company was THE biggest phone company which used to be owned by government). Perhaps it was great vision in designing features that has never existed before.
game hosted in Asia. Signs written in Japanese does not even use alphabets, so Olympic organizers needed to come up a way to communicate with international audience. They used pictogram for that. Each sports had its own pictogram (this became Olympic tradition, every Olympic game since then has their own pictograms.)
icons like bathroom sign and restaurant/ cafe signs. This is a news paper reporting the design eﬀort back in 1064. At the end of design process, designers abandoned their copyright & released pictograms they designed as public domain so that it can be used everywhere.
might not look anything to you, but to me who grew up reading manga and immersed in this visual communication, I can see 3 diﬀerent scene/emotions just by adding small visual elements. (surprised, anxious (cold sweat), sad/devastated (shadow))
shine! Emoji can add more visual ﬂare without adding any more data (because emoji fonts are already installed in the device). Plus, don’t you think it’d be nice to have more visual diﬀerentiator when you are in the stressful mental state, in stead of trying to parse wall of text?
they received into a reference (like code points) and use that to look up letters. ASCII or Central European encoding has been used by languages that use alphabets, for Japanese we have one called Shift-JIS that supports a lot more characters that we use in Japanese. Shift-JIS also have empty space left for application speciﬁc use, so emoji used this space.
but ﬂag designs could change. So next proposal was to change to EMOJI_SYMBOL_[country] and let implementers decide how to display them. But country could also change, so it was settled as combination of 2 REGIONAL_INDICATOR_SYMBOLS. (visual representation is still up-to implementers. In reality mostly displayed as ﬂag).
was a bug which crashed iPhone if iPhone user with region set to China received Taiwanese ﬂag. Since Taiwan is not recognized as country in China, Apple added system to mask Taiwanese ﬂag if Chinese user received Taiwanese ﬂag, unintentionally this caused the bug that crashed iPhone entirely.