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分散レッジャーは地球規模の新しいOSをかたちづくるか / Will Distributed Ledgers Form a New Earth-Scale OS?

分散レッジャーは地球規模の新しいOSをかたちづくるか / Will Distributed Ledgers Form a New Earth-Scale OS?

2016年10月19日(水)、虎ノ門ヒルズにて開催された「WIRED CONFERENCE 2016 FUTURE DAYS」の中の "Visionary Talk" のコーナーでお話させていただいた内容です。

Kenji Saito
PRO

October 19, 2016
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Transcript

  1. * Registry of Things OS Will Distributed Ledgers Form a

    New Earth-Scale OS? SFC Kenji Saito, Senior Researcher, Keio Research Institute at SFC, Keio University OS – Will Distributed Ledgers Form a New Earth-Scale OS? – 2016-10-19 – p.1/16
  2. Short Answer “Will be part of such an OS” /

    OS – Will Distributed Ledgers Form a New Earth-Scale OS? – 2016-10-19 – p.2/16
  3. Self Introduction (1) ( ) (ks91@sfc.wide.ad.jp) SFC ( ) CSO

    (Chief Science Officer) Kenji Saito Senior Researcher, Keio Research Institute at SFC, Keio University (Prof. Jun Murai’s Lab) CSO (Chief Science Officer), BlockchainHub Inc. Representative Director, Academy Camp OS – Will Distributed Ledgers Form a New Earth-Scale OS? – 2016-10-19 – p.3/16
  4. Self Introduction (2) / BIO 1993 M.Eng (CS) 2006 (

    ) SFC 15 P2P ⇒ M.Eng in CS from Cornell University (1993), Ph.D. in Media and Governance from Keio University (2006) P2P, Digital Currency research, and Academy Camp for Children in Fukushima are ONE in my mind OS – Will Distributed Ledgers Form a New Earth-Scale OS? – 2016-10-19 – p.4/16
  5. Science Fiction Prototyping NEO — NEO in Wonderland (2009) /

    Genre : SF Sci-Fi Monetary Fantasy Digital currency changes money, changes society English ver. is free http://grsj.jp/neo.pdf (CC-BY-SA 3.0) OS – Will Distributed Ledgers Form a New Earth-Scale OS? – 2016-10-19 – p.5/16
  6. 5 Be unsure about blockchains in 5 minutes . .

    . I don’t know you anymore . . . how can I trust you? OS – Will Distributed Ledgers Form a New Earth-Scale OS? – 2016-10-19 – p.6/16
  7. Problems and Solutions (1) Satoshi Nakamoto’s problem “how do I

    create a system where nobody can stop me spending my own money?” A lemma ⇓ ← “I want to secure a promise in the air” To which blockchains are imcomplete solutions Governance is impossible Timeliness and confidentiality are difficult OS – Will Distributed Ledgers Form a New Earth-Scale OS? – 2016-10-19 – p.7/16
  8. Problems and Solutions (2) ← “I want to secure a

    promise in the air” To which blockchains are imcomplete solutions Possible application ⇑ ← “OP_RETURN” ( ) “I want a proof of existence” Realized by “OP_RETURN” hack for Bitcoin blockchain Just about only practical application today ⇒ We MUST redefine our problems OS – Will Distributed Ledgers Form a New Earth-Scale OS? – 2016-10-19 – p.8/16
  9. Life with Promise-Fixation Device in the Air Another name for

    distributed ledgers OS – Will Distributed Ledgers Form a New Earth-Scale OS? – 2016-10-19 – p.9/16
  10. What If . . . / “Promises” form foundation of

    our society . . . / If we can secure promises in the air . . .What would happen? / Public services / Properties / Payments / Sharing / Health / Environment and control . . . OS – Will Distributed Ledgers Form a New Earth-Scale OS? – 2016-10-19 – p.10/16
  11. (OS) Earth-Scale Operating System (OS) OS – Will Distributed Ledgers

    Form a New Earth-Scale OS? – 2016-10-19 – p.11/16
  12. Shift to Earth-Scale OS OS – Will Distributed Ledgers Form

    a New Earth-Scale OS? – 2016-10-19 – p.12/16
  13. Requirements (1) 1. ( ) 2. 3. 1. Accounting of

    material/energy circulation and matching demands with supplies (where “promise-fixation device” is useful) 2. Large-scale distributed storage for abstracting on networks all resources on Earth 3. Publicness as a social infrastructure OS – Will Distributed Ledgers Form a New Earth-Scale OS? – 2016-10-19 – p.13/16
  14. Requirements (2) 4. 5. 6. 7. 4. Resilience to be

    highly reliable 5. Emergence for being ready for additional resource managements 6. Open source for sharing/maintaining knowledge 7. Mechanisms to act on human rules including changing laws OS – Will Distributed Ledgers Form a New Earth-Scale OS? – 2016-10-19 – p.14/16
  15. Is it possible? OS – Will Distributed Ledgers Form a

    New Earth-Scale OS? – 2016-10-19 – p.15/16
  16. Being Practical ( ) — “ . . . we

    may discover how it may be accomplished by our own directly-seized initiative, undertaken and sustained without any further authority than that of our function in universe, where the most ideal is the most realistically practical.” — Buckminster Fuller OS – Will Distributed Ledgers Form a New Earth-Scale OS? – 2016-10-19 – p.16/16