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Organising Stylesheets and the BEM methodology

Organising Stylesheets and the BEM methodology

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Benoît Burgener

November 04, 2014
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  1. Organising stylesheets and the BEM methodology Benoît Burgener @LeBenLeBen WebMardi

    4 nov. 2014 Liip LS
  2. Front-end environments becomes bigger every day

  3. There’s hundreds of devices using various browsers Image source: http://www.html5rocks.com/en/tutorials/tooling/synchronized-cross-device-testing/

  4. We have to think and plan
 before coding

  5. Split into modules Review the designs to find patterns

  6. None
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  12. Challenge the design Does it really worth it? Image source:

    http://brushfirecreative.com/from-designer-to-developer/
  13. Not the content Describe the styling purpose

  14. <div class="user-card"> <img src="images/user.png"> <span class="username">John Doe</span> </div> John Doe

  15. <div class="media"> <img src="images/user.png"> <span class="username">John Doe</span> </div> John Doe

  16. Image source: http://www.stubbornella.org/content/2010/06/21/css-granularity-architecture/

  17. Reduce specificity Simplify selectors

  18. • CSS declarations precedence is a nightmare • Never style

    using IDs • If you really have to, use • Do not include <elements/> in your declarations • Use classes! • And don’t nest them for god sake [id="#shame"]
  19. Name smartly Think reusable

  20. Too precise or too vague .button-red .box-bordered .strong .small .span-240px

  21. Good, reusable naming .button-primary .box-alt .button-strong .text-small .span-3

  22. Split the code The power of preprocessors

  23. • Settings variables • Tools mixins, functions • Generic reset,

    normalize • Base body, h1, p, … • Objects .media, .tabs, .list, … • Status .is-active, .is-hidden, …
  24. Recap • Stop thinking about pages, think modules • Solve

    problems, challenge the design if you need to • Describe the styling purpose, not the content • Reduce specificity of your selectors • Name elements insightfully • Split the code into multiple files easily findable
  25. B.E.M.

  26. Yandex « BEM is a methodology of web projects development,

    that allows you to divide an interface into logically independent blocks. »
  27. Block Element Modifier <div class="block block--modifier"> <span class="block__element"></span> </div>

  28. None
  29. <a href="#" class="button button-- primary button--block">Click me</a>

  30. <div class="user-card media media--wide"> <a href="#" class="media__link"> <img src="image.png" class="media__img

    user-card__avatar"> </a> <div class="media__content"> Hello there </div> </div>
  31. The problems • Difficult to use with some CMS •

    Weird to couple with a framework like Bootstrap • Short list of resources
  32. Harry Roberts csswizardry.com @csswizardry

  33. « Inuit.css is a Sass based, Object Oriented framework built

    on a BEM-style naming convention. »
  34. block buttons flag images list-bare list-block list-inline list-ui media normalize

    pack print responsive spacing spacing-responsive tables tabs widths
  35. Questions? Or any experience you want to share?

  36. Thanks! @LeBenLeBen