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The Power of British Hops

The Power of British Hops

We had Ali Capper from Stocks Farm come and talk to us at the December 2016 meeting. She talked about hop growing in the UK and around the world, and what makes British hops unique.

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London Amateur Brewers

December 05, 2016
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Transcript

  1. The Power of British Hops
 Why are they so unique?

    Presented by Alison Capper, British Hop Farmer
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  10. Mum Wife Farm Business Partner Daughter-in-law Unqualified accountant Marketeer IT

    Director HR Manager Village PR Nuffield Trustee FACE Trustee Price Negotiator NFU Hort & Potatoes Board British Hops Wye Hops Ideas/solutions
  11. Today • Latitude, “Terroir”, Irradiation (hours of sunshine) • Breeding

    History And then… • World Varieties – British Pedigree • Aroma Hops
  12. Where do Hops grow in the UK?

  13. Where do hops grow in the world & why?
 


    On family farms, big and small, all over the world.
  14. World Hop Growing North West USA: Washington Oregon Idaho +++++++

    Europe: Germany Czech Republic Slovenia Australasia: Tasmania New Zealand For home market & export For home market only
  15. Latitude: 35-55° Daylight length, temperature, precipitation.

  16. Semi-arid Maritime Continental Climate

  17. Sunlight levels lower in UK

  18. British Hops are unique • The UK uniquely has lower

    light levels and even rainfall The UK has a “cloudy maritime” climate
  19. What does the unique British terroir deliver to the Brewer?

    • It’s all in the hop oils… – Preservative – Bittering – Aroma • Unique Terroir: – Lower myrcene content - aroma intensity DELICATE COMPLEXITY
  20. 0 15 30 45 60 Fuggle Challenger Target Cascade UK

    NZ USA Hop Oils - Myrcene Levels Hop “terroir” according to growing region
  21. Perfect Beer Styles for British Hops Pale Ale IPA’s ISA’s

    Summer Beers SESSION BEERS India Pale Ale Porters Stouts
  22. 
 A World Leading British Hop Breeding Programme


  23. Professor ES Salmon 1906 Powdery mildew resistance Dr RA Neve

    1953 Wilt resistance Dr Peter Darby 1981 Aphid resistance Dr WG Keyworth, 1949 East Malling Research Wilt resistance
  24. Who bred which Varieties? Growers: 1737: Mathon (aka Canterbury Whitebine)

    1790: Old Golding (from Canterbury Whitebine) 1805: Colegate 1838: East Kent Golding (aka Canterbury Golding) 1865: Bramling 1875: Fuggle 1881: Cobbs 1887: Early Bird (Amos) 1889: Eastwell Golding 1932: WGV (Whitbread Golding Variety)
  25. Prof E S Salmon: 1934: Brewers Gold 1938: Bullion 1940:

    Nonsuch 1944: Northern Brewer 1946: Pride of Kent 1948: Early Choice 1949: Keyworths Early / Midseason 1951: Bramling Cross Who bred which Varieties?
  26. Dr W G Keyworth: 1960: Defender 1960: Density 1960: Janus

    Who bred which Varieties?
  27. Dr R A Neve: 1967: Progress 1971: Northdown 1972: Challenger

    1972: Target 1983: Yeoman Who bred which Varieties?
  28. Dr Peter Darby: 1996: Admiral 1996: First Gold 1996: Phoenix

    1996: Pioneer 2001: Pilgrim 2001: Pilot 2004: Boadicea 2006: Sovereign tbc: Endeavour Who bred which Varieties?
  29. What is the British Hop 
 Aroma Pedigree?

  30. Quintessentially British Golding (1790): Spicy, honey, earthy BRITISH Fuggle (1875):

    Minty, Floral, Earthy WORLD Perfect alone or in combination
  31. World Varieties :
 “The Fuggle Heritage”

  32. 0 Generation = British Fuggle Savinski Golding Styrian Golding Early

    Green US Tettnang Slovenia USA
  33. 1st Generation from British Fuggle Celeia Cerera Willamette Columbia Slovenia

    USA Smoothcone New Zealand
  34. 2nd Generation from British Fuggle Buket Cicero Nugget Cascade Slovenia

    USA Green Bullet New Zealand Cekin Superalpha Pacific Gem Southern Cross Nelson Sauvin
  35. 3rd Generation from British Fuggle Horizon Citra USA

  36. 4th Generation from British Fuggle Sterling Centennial USA Crystal Mt

    Rainier
  37. 5th Generation from British Fuggle Santiam Chelan USA Millenium Newport

    Glacier
  38. British Aroma Hops

  39. British Aroma Hops lychee, mango, citrus, orange, mint, pepper, blackcurrant,

    lemon, chocolate, sage, pine, apricot, floral, honey
  40. Today’s British Hop Varieties

  41. British Hop Aroma Varieties Variety Alpha Range % Characteristics Flavour

    Intensity Admiral 13 – 16 Resinous, orangey, citrus 9 Cascade (UK) 5 – 9 Lychees, floral, grapefruit 9 Jester 7 – 9 Grapefruit, tropical fruits 9 Target 8.5 – 13.5 Sage, citrus, spice 8 Bramling Cross 6 – 8 Spicy, blackcurrant, lemon 8 Olicana 6 – 9 Mango, grapefruit, passionfruit 8 Pioneer 8 – 10.5 Cedar, grapefruit, herbal 8 Challenger 6.5 – 9 Spicy, cedar, green tea 7 Endeavour 8 – 10.5 Blackcurrant, spicy, citrus 7 Northdown 7 – 10 Spicy, floral, pine 7 WGV 5 – 7.5 Spicy, herbal, floral 7 Archer 4 – 6 Floral, lime, peach 6 Beata 3 – 6 Honey, apricot, almond 6 Boadicea 7 – 10 Spicy, light floral 6
  42. British Hop Aroma Varieties (contd) Variety Alpha Range % Characteristics

    Flavour Intensity Epic 6 - 10 Fruity, slightly herbal 6 First Gold 6.5 – 10 Orange, marmalade, spicy 6 Fuggle 3.5 – 6.5 Minty, floral, earthy 6 Goldings 4 – 9.5 Spicy, honey, earthy 6 Minstrel 5 – 7 Spicy, berries, orange citrus 6 Pilgrim 9 – 13 Spicy, citrus, pears 6 Progress 6 – 7.5 Sweet, floral, minty 6 Sovereign 4.5 – 6.5 Herbal, floral, earthy 6 Sussex 4.4 - 5.8 Earthy, grassy, minty 6 Phoenix 8 - 12 Molasses, chocolate, spicy 5 Pilot 8 – 11 Lemon, spicy, marmalade 5 Flyer 8.9 - 14.5 Stoned fruit, liquorice, treacle 5
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  46. 
 www.britishhops.org.uk
 alicapper@mac.com
 @BritishHops

  47. May you all become “hop heads”