The Changing Architecture of Online Infographics

The Changing Architecture of Online Infographics

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Geoff McGhee

March 13, 2013
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  1. Geoff McGhee Show Don’t Tell Workshop | Malofiej 21 12

    March 2013 The Changing Architecture of Online Infographics
  2. The Changing Architecture of Online Graphics The Typical Modern Interactive

    Graphic
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  9. What’s the Thinking Here?

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  11. ~960p ~700p

  12. • Dictated by needs of standard 1024x768 monitor resolution (lowest

    common denominator for PCs) • “960 Grid” invented to create mathematically elegant base for 12 or 16 column grids • 1024 px was the horizontal resolution of the iPad, the first modern tablet device • 700 px is about the amount of display space visible “above the scroll” The 960 Pixel “Page” The Architecture of Online Infographics ~960px ~700px • Predominant design pattern since ~2006 • Made good sense when Flash was predominant infographics tool, because of fixed-size canvas (very hard to extend content from original boundaries)
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  16. Is 960 Still the Right Answer?

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  19. D’oh!

  20. Ok, better... But still too small to use

  21. Are smartphones the only problem?

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  23. So much empty white space

  24. Are devices the only problem?

  25. • Full-page infographics live on an “island” all their own

    • They have little presence on the rest of a website, can’t be put on front • They cannot be embedded or otherwise “quoted” elsewhere, except with a static image • For organizations that use syndication as a business model or social media strategy, they are a big problem • For sites with a usable space of less than 960 (say 600 or 700 pixels), the maximum workspace is permanently limited to a very small size • Yes, you can use a lightbox, but... More Problems with Fixed Size Infographics
  26. • Coined by designer Ethan Marcotte in 2010 • “Mobile-first”

    design that progressively adds more richness to larger and larger screens • Sizes of elements are declared in percentages relative to their containers instead of absolute px • Styles are declared two more more times in CSS file, for different page dimensions • “Media queries” identify type of device and size of screen (or browser window), and switch instantly One Design to Fit All Sizes The Rise of Responsive Design
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  28. Does it work for infographics?

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  30. Ok, fine, but can a news organization pull this off?

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  36. • Text overlays on graphics “squeeze out” at smaller sizes,

    reappear elsewhere through numbers or callouts • When clickable buttons or icons get too small or close together, sequential slide show navigation replaces individual buttons • Not all elements should or need to extend to fill widest layout – design can break into multiple columns as window gets larger • Think of breaking down large graphics the way you would convert a large-format print graphic: split it into separate units Key Tricks and Techniques Responsive Infographics
  37. • Floating panels can “dock” together to reduce footprint Responsive

    Design Tricks and Techniques
  38. • Continuously variable window sizes can embed comfortably Responsive Design

    Tricks and Techniques
  39. Tools that make responsive design easier

  40. Dreamweaver Fluid Grid layouts Three sizes – but only three

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  42. html.adobe.com/edge/reflow

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  44. html.adobe.com/edge/animate

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  46. The Changing Architecture of Online Graphics Scrolling Our Way to

    the Future
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  48. Who Needs Buttons?

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  50. Meet “Parallax Scrolling”

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  52. And the “Curtain”

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  54. How does this look in action?

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  57. So what does this have to do with infographics?

  58. Overloaded with Interface Elements – Navs, Buttons, Headlines, Summaries

  59. Print = No interface!

  60. • Scrolling is the one behavior that exists across all

    devices, whether it’s a mouse-wheel, swipe on a trackpad, magic mouse, tablet surface or smartphone screen • It has little or no visual interface that needs to be directly manipulated (in fact, Mac OS 10.7 virtually banished the scroll bar) • As we saw in the responsive design examples, directly clickable controls are very complicated to manage at varying resolutions... get rid of them? • Action of “scrolling” is co-opted to trigger other reactions than down movement - cuing a video, rotating, flipping through images, whatever! Infographics Where You Never Get Lost Scroll or Swipe-Based Interaction
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  63. What about non-linear stories / random access? Waypoints!

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  66. How about media that controls the page? In this paradigm,

    the page controls media
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  68. Difficult.

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  70. Easy! http://popcorn.webmadecontent.org/rkb

  71. Beyond scrolling... the next big thing?

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  76. Inspecting Your Data Before You Build Changing the Subject for

    a Moment
  77. Free and Web-Based Applications Tableau Public http://www.tableausoftware.com/public Price: Free Pros:

    Great design Supports many chart forms Interactive and searchable Combine charts in single Information “dashboard” Cons: Windows-only Your data is public Slow performance Getting Started with Visualization Prototyping Data-Rich Infographics
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  84. http://www.tableausoftware.com

  85. Thanks! gmcghee@stanford.edu Twitter: @mcgeoff