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Smart City Clouds

Smart City Clouds

I was once asked by a French colleague of mine if Cloud Computing is ethically justifiable. At first I thought he was referring to Big Data Analytics and possible misuse of personal data, but in fact he was asking if the huge energy consumption of data centers and the impact on the environment outweighs the benefits of Cloud Computing. I was baffled at first because I couldn't really answer this question.

I did some research on this topic and found the solution in the combination of the two areas that I've been working on in the last couple of years: 'Smart Cities' use 'Cloud Computing' to make the urban environment more livable (and this is a huge benefit). This presentation summarizes my findings.

Michel Krämer

August 08, 2015

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  2. Can Cloud Computing be ethically justified?" "

  3. We use about 0.0003 KWh of energy to answer the

    average search query." " -- Google source: www.pcmag.com/article2/0,2817,2392654,00.asp
  4. search queries 100 = shirt 1 source: www.google.com/green/bigpicture/

  5. One minute of streaming YouTube video consumes 0.0002 KWh of

    energy." " -- TIME magazine source: techland.time.com/2011/09/09/6-things-youd-never-guess-about-googles-energy-use/
  6. None
  7. None
  8. 0.0002 KWh/min

  9. 4 min 0.0002 KWh/min x

  10. 4 min 0.0002 KWh/min 2,356,975,388 views x x

  11. 4 min 0.0002 KWh/min 2,356,975,388 views x x 1,886 MWh

    example inspired by a talk given by Steve Strutt, IBM
  12. photo: E.ON Kernkraft GmbH Isar Nuclear Power Plant 1,485 MW

  13. It is a confusion of ideas to suppose that the

    economical use of fuel is equivalent to diminished consumption. The very contrary is the truth." " -- William Stanley Jevons, 1865 The Jevons Paradox
  14. photo: Paul Hammond ? photo: epape

  15. Smart City Enhanced quality of life Intelligent resource management Appropriate

    infrastructures Participatory processes ICT-enabled governance source: Ludlow, Khan 2012
  16. Cloud Computing On-Demand Self Service Broad Network Access Resource Pooling

    Rapid Elasticity Measured Service source: NIST 2011
  17. On-Demand Self Service A consumer can unilaterally provision computing capabilities

    [...] without requiring human interaction [...]. source: NIST 2011
  18. On-Demand Self Service Self-management Independence Sustainability

  19. Broad Network Access Capabilities are available over the network and

    [...] standard mechanisms that promote use by [...] thin or thick client platforms [...]. source: NIST 2011
  20. Broad Network Access Required by citizens and industry Mobile network

    coverage Sensor networks
  21. Resource Pooling [...] resources are pooled [...] according to consumer

    demand. [...] the customer generally has no control or knowledge over the exact location of the provided resources [...]. source: NIST 2011
  22. Resource Pooling Efficient and reasonable use Just distribution Green City

  23. Rapid Elasticity Capabilities can be elastically provisioned and released [...]

    to scale rapidly [...]. To the consumer, the capabilities available [...] often appear to be unlimited [...]. source: NIST 2011
  24. Rapid Elasticity Urban growth Scalability Resilience

  25. Measured Service Cloud systems automatically control and optimize resource use

    [...]. Resource usage can be monitored, controlled, and reported, providing transparency for both the provider and consumer [...]. source: NIST 2011
  26. Measured Service Continuous Monitoring Transparency Public Participation

  27. SaaS Web portal, apps, public participation PaaS Open Data, services,

    APIs IaaS Fibre networks, sensor networks
  28. Can Cloud Computing be ethically justified?" "


  30. photo: Paul Hammond ? photo: epape

  31. photo: Paul Hammond +

  32. Fraunhofer IGD Fraunhoferstr. 5 64283 Darmstadt Geoinformationsmanagement

  33. michel.kraemer@igd.fraunhofer.de 06151 155 415 Michel Krämer