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The Gut-Brain Axis and Mind-Body Stress

September 15, 2022

The Gut-Brain Axis and Mind-Body Stress

PowerPoint presentation by Kristin Manuel, LCSW


September 15, 2022

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  1. The Gut-Brain Axis and Mind-Body Stress Kristin Manuel, LCSW Sutter

    Health- Sacramento Institute for Health and Healing
  2. Signs of Stress Cognitive Physical Emotional Behavioral Memory problems Aches,

    tension, and pain Agitation, unable to relax, “tired and wired” Eating more or less Poor concentration Diarrhea/constipation Moodiness Sleeping too much or not enough Poor Judgment Rapid heartbeat / chest pain Irritable, short-tempered Neglecting hygiene or responsibilities Difficulty making decisions or impulsive decisions Change in sex drive Feeling depressed or unhappy Self-medication- alcohol, drugs, internet Forgetfulness Frequent illnesses or colds Feeling overwhelmed, lack of confidence Nervous habits like nail biting Easily distracted, zoned out Fatigue Anger Accident prone
  3. The Brain and Stress • Amygdala: activates our fight-or-flight response

    • Prefrontal Cortex: area involved in thinking functions such as problem solving, judgment, and decision-making
  4. Stress Bucket Analogy

  5. Self Care for the Mind/Body/Spirit Walking Hiking Gardening Cardio exercise

    Strength training Yoga Massage Baths Meditation Prayer Leisure reading Spiritual reading Listening to music Journaling Socializing Hobbies Pets
  6. References • Fig. 1. Relaxing picture. Slide 1. https://abstract.desktopnexus.com/wallpaper/1458142. •

    ¹Cleveland Clinic. “Stress.” January 28, 2021, https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/articles/11874-stress. • Fig.2. Brabban and Turkington. “A helpful way to think about stress: The Stress Bucket.” 2002. https://www.changeschp.org.uk/stress-awareness- month/. Accessed 9 Aug, 2021. • Fig.3."Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Research Fact Sheet.” A fact sheet with a brief description of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and its treatment. Date: 2007[1] The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH). https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ptsd-brain.png. • https://drwilsons.com/got-stress/how-stress-affects-the-body. • https://www.charlestoncounselingportal.com/uploads/1/2/1/6/121600458/kids-teens-stressmanagementanxietyworksheetpack.pdf • The Adverse Childhood Experiences Study, also more commonly knows as The Ace Study, is a groundbreaking piece of research that is unveiling the links between early childhood trauma and adult chronic illness. http://www.acestudy.org/ • The Flight, Fight, Freeze Response. https://www.canterbury.ac.uk/outreach/resources/students/inspiring-minds/stress-2.aspx. • Walker, Pete. “Complex PTSD: From Surviving to Thriving.” 2013. • Fig.5. What I Can Control and What I Can Influence. http://www.coastlinepw.com.au/weekly-strategy-note-22-02-2016/3-news/news/203-weekly- strategy-note-19092025. • Fig.6. Typical thoughts, emotions, sensations and behaviours in anxiety. http://www.wellspringtherapy.ie/cbt-therapy.html. • Fig.7. Leaves on a Stream. https://www.drjohnforsyth.com/store/p12/Leaves_on_a_Stream_Exercise.html. • Van Der Kolk, M.D., Bessel. “The Body Keeps The Score - Brain, Mind, and Body in the Healing of Trauma.” 2015. • Davis, Martha, Robbins, Elizabeth, and McKay, Matthew. “The Relaxation and Stress Reduction Workbook.” Oakland: New Harbinger, 1988.