Learning a Language by Ear

Learning a Language by Ear

When you’re not improving as much as you’d like to, it could be that you’re practicing wrong! Let’s take a step back and reevaluate the language learning staple: flashcards. Find out how you can maximize the effectiveness and efficiency of your flashcards using evidence-based techniques and software.

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Lena Morita

April 13, 2020
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Transcript

  1. LEARNING A LANGUAGE BY EAR LENA MORITA

  2. @mirka Raised bilingually in Japan
 (Japanese/English) Co-Director at
 Women Who

    Code Tokyo Software Engineer at Automattic LENA MORITA
  3. @mirka Uruguay United States Spain (living in UK) Slovakia Romania

    Japan Philippines MY TEAMMATES BY COUNTRY
  4. @mirka NAMING THINGS WEB+DB PRESS VOL. 110

  5. BAD AT LANGUAGES?

  6. SCHOOL DIDN’T WORK

  7. TEXTBOOKS DIDN’T WORK

  8. 2017 READY TO TRY AGAIN

  9. @mirka THINGS I WAS “BAD” AT Piano Mastering Piano Technique


    by Seymour Fink
  10. @mirka THINGS I WAS “BAD” AT Programming AppleScript 1-2-3
 by

    Sal Soghoian JavaScript:
 The Definitive Guide
 by David Flanagan
  11. @mirka I’M PROBABLY JUST DOING IT WRONG BAD AT ____?

  12. @mirka LANGUAGE SKILLS Produce Understand Written Writing ✏ Reading Spoken

    Speaking Listening $
  13. @mirka LANGUAGE SKILLS Produce Understand Written Writing ✏ Reading Spoken

    Speaking Listening $
  14. BUILDING VOCABULARY WITH TEXT-FREE FLASHCARDS LARGELY INSPIRED BY GABRIEL WYNER’S

    “FLUENT FOREVER” METHOD
  15. @mirka “SRS” SPACED REPETITION SYSTEM We forget new information very

    fast The “forgetting curve” flattens out
 with each successive review Each review can be spaced out
 in longer intervals OSMOSIS.ORG
  16. @mirka APPS.ANKIWEB.NET ANKI Open source Cross-platform Has more features than

    you will ever use
  17. @mirka WORD 㲗 TRANSLATION TYPICAL FLASHCARD consecutive Front ʢதஅͳ͠Ͱʣ࿈ଓͨ͠,
 Ҿ͖ଓ͍ͯى͜Δ

    Back
  18. @mirka WORD 㲗 TRANSLATION TYPICAL FLASHCARD Hard to memorize Associates

    imperfect translations
 rather than concepts Ignores pronunciation consecutive ʢதஅͳ͠Ͱʣ࿈ଓͨ͠,
 Ҿ͖ଓ͍ͯى͜Δ
  19. @mirka — GABRIEL WYNER PRONUNCIATION IS IMPORTANT

  20. @mirka PRONUNCIATION IS IMPORTANT Necessary to understand spoken words
 →

    Minimal pairs: rock/lock, cut/cat, den/then, etc. Repetition on a bad foundation
 reinforces bad habits Learn it first!
  21. @mirka AUDIO 㲗 IMAGES TEXT-FREE FLASHCARDS Front Back

  22. COMPREHENSION

  23. PRODUCTION

  24. LET’S
 MAKE OUR
 FLASHCARD

  25. @mirka ENCOUNTER STEP 1 Keep track of new words you

    encounter
 in a note app like Evernote
  26. @mirka LEARN STEP 2 When back at your computer,
 pick

    a word from the list Learn what it means
  27. @mirka ILLUSTRATE STEP 3 Google Image Search is your friend

    Find an image that resonates
 with you Images for abate
  28. @mirka PRONOUNCE STEP 4 Download an audio clip,
 either from

    a real speaker or
 a text-to-speech (TTS) system forvo.com — Real speakers soundoftext.com — TTS % %
  29. LaunchBar

  30. Return spoken string as audio file

  31. Return spoken string as audio file

  32. @mirka HOW MUCH DID I LEARN? 1800+ words/phrases 93% are

    mature
 (in long-term memory) Average review interval is 1.6 years
 (will likely remember for at least that long)
  33. @mirka

  34. @mirka MORE WAYS TO LEARN BY EAR Pimsleur — Basic

    grammar, building reflexes italki — Conversation practice
  35. THANKS
 FOR LISTENING