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Prehistoric Art

3700411ae81a5ba151f9946dcb59c386?s=47 nichsara
January 22, 2013
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Prehistoric Art

3700411ae81a5ba151f9946dcb59c386?s=128

nichsara

January 22, 2013
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  1. The  Earliest  “Ar.sts”     Reading:   Stokstad,  pp.  1-­‐25

        Range   c.  3,000,000  BCE-­‐1000  BCE   Paleolithic  |  Mesolithic  |Neolithic     Terms/Concepts:   decora.ve  impulse,  framing   devices,  “Venuses,”  memory   image,  sympathe.c  magic,   composite  pose,  henge,  post  and   lintel.   Monument  List:     1-­‐13,  Ceiling  with  Bison,   Altamira  Spain,  Paleolithic,   12,500  BCE     1-­‐7,  Woman  from  Willendorf,   Paleolithic,  24,000  BCE     1-­‐11,  Hall  of  the  Bulls,  Lascaux   Cave,  Paleolithic,  15,000  BCE     1-­‐21,  Stonehenge,  Salisbury   Plain,  Neolithic,  2900-­‐  1500   BCE  
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  11. Characteris.cs  of  Neolithic   •  Widespread  development  of  permanent  

    seRlements  that  lasted  longer  than  a  single   genera.on.   •  More  care  taken  with  burial.   •  Development  of  more  permanent   architecture.   •  Development  of  trade  networks.   •  Domes.ca.on  of  plants  and  animals.  
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  13. Partial map of Prehistoric Europe and Near East.

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  16. Reconstruction drawing of a house in Çatalhöyük. c.7400-6200 BCE. (illustrated

    on Stokstad page 15)
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  19. 3,000  BCE   2,900-­‐2,600  BCE   2,500  BCE  

  20. Post Post Lintel Post Post Lintel 24  Feet   15

     Feet   3  Feet   Each  Stone  =  ~40-­‐50  Tons   30  Megaliths,  60  Stones  Total   Stonehenge,  Salisbury   Plain,  2900-­‐1500  BCE  
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  22. Cri.cal  Thinking  Ques.ons   1.  What  are  the  strengths  and

     weaknesses  of  the    major   theories  about  Paleolithic  cave  pain.ng?   2.  What  are  the  major  technological  and  ar.s.c   developments  of  the  Paleolithic  and  Neolithic  Eras?   3.  What  was  the  significance  of  calling  female  figures,   such  as  the  Woman  from  Willendorf,  “Venus”?   4.  How  does  the  existence  of  Jomon  poRery  upset   conven.onal  theories  about  the  role  of  poRery  in   human  development?   5.  What  are  some  obstacles  for  archaeologists  in   interpre.ng  prehistoric  materials?