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Introduction to Machine Learning and scikit-learn

Introduction to Machine Learning and scikit-learn

Paris.py Meetup / June 2013

Aee56554ec30edfd680e1c937ed4e54d?s=128

Olivier Grisel

June 12, 2013
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  1. scikit-learn Machine Learning in Python Paris.py - June. 12 2013

    Wednesday, June 12, 13
  2. Machine Learning == Building Executable Data Summaries Wednesday, June 12,

    13
  3. Supervised Machine Learning Wednesday, June 12, 13

  4. Possible Applications • Text Classification / Sequence Tagging NLP •

    Spam Filtering, Sentiment Analysis... • Computer Vision / Speech Recognition • Learning To Rank - IR and advertisement • Science: Statistical Analysis of the Brain, Astronomy, Biology, Social Sciences... Wednesday, June 12, 13
  5. Spam Classification 0 2 1 0 0 1 0 0

    0 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 2 3 0 0 1 1 0 0 word 1 word 2 word 3 word 4 word 5 word 6 email 1 email 2 email 3 email 4 email 5 X word 6 0 1 1 0 0 Spam ? y Wednesday, June 12, 13
  6. Topic Classification 0 2 1 0 0 1 0 0

    0 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 2 3 0 0 1 1 0 0 word 1 word 2 word 3 word 4 word 5 word 6 news 1 news 2 news 3 news 4 news 5 X 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 word 6 Sport Business Tech. y Wednesday, June 12, 13
  7. Sentiment Analysis 0 2 1 0 0 1 0 0

    0 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 2 3 0 0 1 1 0 0 word 1 word 2 word 3 word 4 word 5 word 6 review 1 review 2 review 3 review 4 review 5 X 0 1 1 0 0 word 6 Positive? y Wednesday, June 12, 13
  8. Vegetation Cover Type 46. 200. 1 0 0.0 N -30.

    150. 2. 149 0.1 S 87. 50 1000 10 0.1 W 45. 10 10. 1 0.4 NW 5. 2. 67. 1. 0.2 E Latitude Altitude D istance to closest river Altitude closest river Slope Slope orientation location 1 X 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 Rain forest G rassland Arid Ice y location 2 location 3 location 4 location 5 Wednesday, June 12, 13
  9. Object Classification in Images 0 2 1 0 0 1

    0 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 2 3 0 0 1 1 0 0 SIFT word 1 SIFT word 2 SIFT word 3 SIFT word 4 SIFT word 5 SIFT word 6 image 1 image 2 image 3 image 4 image 5 X 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 C at C ar Pedestrian y Wednesday, June 12, 13
  10. • Library for Machine Learning • Open Source (BSD) •

    Simple fit / predict / transform API • Python / NumPy / SciPy / Cython • Model Assessment, Selection & Ensembles Wednesday, June 12, 13
  11. Supervised ML with sklearn Wednesday, June 12, 13

  12. Credits: Andreas Mueller Wednesday, June 12, 13

  13. Wednesday, June 12, 13

  14. Wednesday, June 12, 13

  15. Training a Model for Face Recognition http://j.mp/face-recognition-notebook Wednesday, June 12,

    13
  16. Total dataset size: n_samples: 1288, n_features: 1850, n_classes: 7 Extracting

    the top 150 eigenfaces from 966 faces done in 0.466s Projecting the input data on the eigenfaces orthonormal basis done in 0.056s Fitting the SVM classifier to the training set done in 18.549s Predicting people's names on the test set done in 0.062s precision recall f1-score support Ariel Sharon 0.90 0.75 0.82 12 Colin Powell 0.78 0.94 0.85 62 Donald Rumsfeld 0.86 0.72 0.78 25 George W Bush 0.89 0.96 0.92 141 Gerhard Schroeder 0.92 0.74 0.82 31 Hugo Chavez 0.90 0.53 0.67 17 Tony Blair 0.81 0.74 0.77 34 avg / total 0.86 0.86 0.86 322 Wednesday, June 12, 13
  17. Wednesday, June 12, 13

  18. Learned Eigen Faces Wednesday, June 12, 13

  19. scikit-learn contributors • GitHub-centric contribution workflow • each pull request

    needs 2 x [+1] reviews • code + tests + doc + example • 92% test coverage / Continuous Integr. • 4 major releases per years + 4 bugfix rel. • 66 contributors for release 0.13 Wednesday, June 12, 13
  20. scikit-learn users • We support users on & ML •

    200+ questions tagged with [scikit-learn] • Many competitors + benchmarks • 500+ answers on ongoing user survey • 60% academics / 40% from industry • Some data-driven Startups use sklearn Wednesday, June 12, 13
  21. Caveat Emptor • Domain specific tooling kept to a minimum

    • Some feature extraction for Bag of Words Text Analysis • Some functions for extracting image patches • Domain integration is the responsibility of the user or 3rd party libraries Wednesday, June 12, 13
  22. Thank you! • http://scikit-learn.org • http://github.com/scikit-learn/scikit-learn • http://github.com/ogrisel/notebooks • @ogrisel

    on twitter Wednesday, June 12, 13