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Slaves or Servants?

Spiro Bolos
September 30, 2022

Slaves or Servants?

Using the 1624/25 Virginia muster database, can we determine if the Africans listed on the census document were either enslaved individuals OR indentured servants?

Lesson:
https://ush.posthaven.com/slaves-or-servants-1

Census records:
http://www.virtualjamestown.org/Muster/search.muster.cgi?start_page=0&search_type=basic&database=muster_1624&last=&first=&muster=&age-op=&age1=&age2=&status=servant&month=&year=&date=

Spiro Bolos

September 30, 2022
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Transcript

  1. 1619

  2. 1619

  3. Interpretation #1

  4. indentured servants

  5. Interpretation #2

  6. Interpretation #2

  7. 1625 Muster Original primary source vs filtered by “servants”

  8. Name Muster Status Location Corporation Age Ship Date of Arrival

    Muster Date Notes
  9. Name Muster Status Location Corporation Age Ship Date of Arrival

    Muster Date Notes servant servant servant servant
  10. Were the Africans on the muster slaves or indentured servants?

  11. “By the time of Portuguese colonization of South America, the

    term “negro” [negros da terra] had become almost synonymous with “slave” in the Portuguese language” (13) -- Nishida, Slavery and Identity
  12. None