Visions of the global transport system to 2050

67b1027cca3877a76a9024425519ddde?s=47 Robin
September 01, 2015

Visions of the global transport system to 2050

Slides from my presentation at the Royal Geographical Society's 2015 annual conference, Exeter: http://conference.rgs.org/AC2015/71

67b1027cca3877a76a9024425519ddde?s=128

Robin

September 01, 2015
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Transcript

  1. Going Dutch? Visions of the global transport system to 2050

    Robin Lovelace, University of Leeds, at RGS-IBG 2015, Exeter Created with open source software Slides: speakerdeck.com/robinlovelace
  2. Structure • Opening remarks • The global transport system •

    Visions of the future • Methodology • Hypotheses
  3. I: Opening remarks Map made with the open source R

    package tmap See https://github.com/Robinlovelace/Creating-maps-in-R
  4. Context: the 'PCT' project

  5. Worldviews of the transport system Transport

  6. A worldview based on system dynamics Transport

  7. Source: http://www.sd-commission.org.uk/publications.php?id=1184

  8. II: The global transport system Source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/worldbank/ Licence: Creative Commons

  9. Global transport emissions • 7.0 GtCO2 in 2010, '23 %

    of ... CO2 emissions' (Sims et al. 2015) • Growing faster than other sectors: heading towards '12 Gt CO2 eq / yr by 2050' (Ibid.) • Seems to have no upper limit, unlike other sectors (food, heating, stuff), linking to Ivan Illich's (1974) Energy and Equity.
  10. Transport emissions over time Source: http://mitigation2014.org/report/figures

  11. Global transport energy flows Source: Sims et al. (2015)

  12. GDP ~ CO2 In transport Source: Sims et al. (2015)

  13. Does cycling energy benefts? → The energy costs of travel

    work http://etheses.whiterose.ac.uk/5027/
  14. III: Visions of the future Image credit: http://campfire.theoildrum.com/node/5976

  15. Problems with predictive models https://tinyurl.com/conversation-cycling

  16. A Global Vision Source: Sims et al. (2015) Acronyms: Latin

    America and Caribbean (LAM), Middle East and Africa (MAF), and Economies in Transition (EIT)
  17. The National Propensity to Cycle Tool (NPCT) (+ live demo!)

  18. IV: (Proposed) Methodology

  19. Overall approach • Critique of IPCC scenarios • Analysis of

    demand • Comparison with literature • Alternative scenarios • Focus on demand reduction • Compare with policies Critical Constructive
  20. Scenarios of the future • Government target • Gender equality

    • Go Dutch • Ebikes • Business as Usual • Demand reduction • Go Dutch • Ecotechnic future Implemented (DfT funded Propensity to cycle tool) Proposed
  21. Data • IPCC scenarios database • IEA aggregate data •

    Surveys from selected nations • Country data from International Road Federation (IRF), World Band and other sources • Inference and assumptions From: http://data.worldbank.org/indicator
  22. Model-data comparison

  23. V: Hypotheses and discussion

  24. Hypotheses • Demand reduction scenario will be more effective than

    'Go Dutch' scenario at reducing emissions and energy use • The IPCC will be found to be pessimistic in its assumptions regarding transport demand • Reduced energy-intensive travel can be achieved through policies aimed at improving health and quality of life
  25. Hypothesis: interactive, collaborative, open-source approach = effective Credit: Robin Lovelace

  26. Thanks for listening! Credit: Robin Lovelace Email. r.lovelace@leeds Twitter: @robinlovelace

    GitHub: robinlovelace
  27. Key references • Goodwin, P. (2013). Get Britain cycling: report

    from the inquiry. London. Retrieved from http://allpartycycling.fles.wordpress.com/2013/04/get-brita in-cycling_goodwin-report.pdf • Kay, D., Reynolds, J., Rodrigues, S., Lee, A., Anderson, B., Gibbs, R., … Gill, T. (2011). Fairness in a car dependent society. Sustainable Development Commission: http://www.sd-commission.org.uk/publications.php?id=1184 • Lovelace, R., Beck, S. B. M. B. M., Watson, M., & Wild, A. (2011). Assessing the energy implications of replacing car trips with bicycle trips in Sheffield, UK. Energy Policy, 39(4), 2075–2087. • Sims, R., Schaeffer, R., Creutzig, F., Cruz-Núñez, X., D’Agosto, M., Dimitriu, D. et al. (2014). IPCC Fifth Assessment Report (AR5) - Chapter 8: Transport. Retrieved from https://www.ipcc.ch/report/ar5/ • Melia, S. (2015). Urban Transport Without the Hot Air. Cambridge: UIT.
  28. Data inaccessibility http://www.irfnet.ch/ http://databank.worldbank.org/data/download/WDIrevisions.xls

  29. Software: a barrier to envisioning a sustainable future http://www.oasys-software.com/products/engineering/massmotion.html