Towards a Model of Openness in Digital Cultural Heritage

572a58c43373184853736e1329de4fb5?s=47 Ethan Watrall
September 27, 2013

Towards a Model of Openness in Digital Cultural Heritage

My keynote for the Network Detroit conference (detroitdh.org):

Encouraged by exciting advances in digital technology, the issue of openness has swept into almost every corner of the scholarly world in recent years. Research, publication, teaching, public engagement, and even the very fabric of scholarly ethics - have all been touched by this discussion. The domain of cultural heritage is hardly immune from the debate. Disciplines such as History, Archaeology, Anthropology, and Classics along with cultural heritage institutions such as libraries, archives, and museums are all wrestling with how openness within a digital space impacts their core identity and unique professional practice.

If one thing has emerged from this discussion, it is that there is no universal set of practices that can be homogeneously applied to all fields, disciplines, and types of institutions that address the challenge of openness. Each domain demands an approach that is clearly and thoughtfully tailored to its unique professional circumstances.

It is within this context that this talk will parse the idea of openness, exploring the issue both broadly and within the unique context of praxis in digital cultural heritage. In order to maximize its value to scholars, professional practitioners, and institutions, the talk will also suggest a series of thoughtful strategies that can be leveraged in order to better embrace a more open approach to work within digital cultural heritage.

572a58c43373184853736e1329de4fb5?s=128

Ethan Watrall

September 27, 2013
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Transcript

  1. TOWARDS A MODEL OF OPENNESS IN DIGITAL CULTURAL HERITAGE Dr.

    Ethan Watrall Department of Anthropology MATRIX: Center for Digital Humanities & Social Sciences Michigan State University @captain_primate
  2. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aaron_Swartz @captain_primate | #detroitDH

  3. www.nih.gov @captain_primate | #detroitDH

  4. www.plos.org @captain_primate | #detroitDH

  5. www.whitehouse.gov/open @captain_primate | #detroitDH

  6. @captain_primate | #detroitDH www.dia.org

  7. HOLD UP THERE, SON...WHAT EXACTLY IS “OPENNESS” @captain_primate | #detroitDH

  8. OPEN SCHOLARSHIP CULTURE ACEESS DATA PUBLICATION LEARNING SOURCE @captain_primate |

    #detroitDH
  9. The principle that knowledge should be spread freely. Its growth

    should come from developing, altering, or enriching already existing works on the basis of sharing and collaboration without restriction “OPENNESS” @captain_primate | #detroitDH
  10. vs FREE AS IN SPEECH FREE AS IN BEER @captain_primate

    | #detroitDH
  11. FREE AS IN BEER (GRATIS) @captain_primate | #detroitDH

  12. FREE AS IN SPEECH (LIBRE) @captain_primate | #detroitDH

  13. SO, WHAT EXACTLY IS THE POINT OF THIS TALK? @captain_primate

    | #detroitDH
  14.  SUGGEST A SERIES OF STRATEGIES FOR CULTURAL HERITAGE SCHOLARS

    AND INSTITUTIONS TO EMBRACE A MORE OPEN PERSPECTIVE  WHAT IS OPEN SCHOLARSHIP (AND WHAT IS AT STAKE)? @captain_primate | #detroitDH
  15.  SUGGEST A SERIES OF STRATEGIES FOR CULTURAL HERITAGE SCHOLARS

    AND INSTITUTIONS TO EMBRACE A MORE OPEN PERSPECTIVE  WHAT IS OPEN SCHOLARSHIP (AND WHAT IS AT STAKE)? @captain_primate | #detroitDH SERIES OF STRATEGIES
  16. I’m going to wander all over the place MY EXPERIENCES...

    FROM THE TRENCHES @captain_primate | #detroitDH
  17. I’m going to wander a little... @captain_primate | #detroitDH

  18. @captain_primate | #detroitDH THIS TALK ME YOU GUYS

  19. GONNA BE LOTS OF ARCHAEOLOGY you heard the man, ARCHAEOLOGY

    @captain_primate | #detroitDH
  20. REALLY, WHY SHOULD I CARE ABOUT OPENNESS @captain_primate | #detroitDH

  21. OPEN IS AN ISSUE OF @captain_primate | #detroitDH SUSTAINABILITY

  22. CLOSED & GATED SYSTEMS CREATE A SINGLE POINT OF FAILURE

    AND LOSS DRACONIAN PRICING BY FOR-PROFIT ENTITIES MAKES SCHOLARLY ACCESS TO RESEARCH INCREASINGLY DIFFICULT IN RESEARCH, THE RATE OF DISCOVERY IS ACCELERATED BY OPEN ACCESS TO DATA @captain_primate | #detroitDH
  23. CLOSED & GATED SYSTEMS CREATE A SINGLE POINT OF FAILURE

    AND LOSS DRACONIAN PRICING BY FOR-PROFIT ENTITIES MAKES SCHOLARLY ACCESS TO RESEARCH INCREASINGLY DIFFICULT IN RESEARCH, THE RATE OF DISCOVERY IS ACCELERATED BY OPEN ACCESS TO DATA @captain_primate | #detroitDH
  24. CLOSED & GATED SYSTEMS CREATE A SINGLE POINT OF FAILURE

    AND LOSS DRACONIAN PRICING BY FOR-PROFIT ENTITIES MAKES SCHOLARLY ACCESS TO RESEARCH INCREASINGLY DIFFICULT IN RESEARCH, THE RATE OF DISCOVERY IS ACCELERATED BY OPEN ACCESS TO DATA @captain_primate | #detroitDH
  25. CLOSED & GATED SYSTEMS CREATE A SINGLE POINT OF FAILURE

    AND LOSS DRACONIAN PRICING BY FOR-PROFIT ENTITIES MAKES SCHOLARLY ACCESS TO RESEARCH INCREASINGLY DIFFICULT IN RESEARCH, THE RATE OF DISCOVERY IS ACCELERATED BY OPEN ACCESS TO DATA @captain_primate | #detroitDH
  26. OPEN IS AN ISSUE OF @captain_primate | #detroitDH PROFESSIONAL ETHICS

  27. OPENNESS ENCOURAGES PROPER ATTRIBUTION, RECOGNIZES CONTRIBUTIONS, & MITIGATES THEFT/ABUSE MAKES

    THE RESULTS OF (MOSTLY) PUBLICLY FUNDED WORK PUBLICLY AVAILABLE PROVIDES ACCESS TO THOSE WHO CANNOT OTHERWISE GET ACCESS @captain_primate | #detroitDH
  28. OPENNESS ENCOURAGES PROPER ATTRIBUTION, RECOGNIZES CONTRIBUTIONS, & MITIGATES THEFT/ABUSE MAKES

    THE RESULTS OF (MOSTLY) PUBLICLY FUNDED WORK PUBLICLY AVAILABLE PROVIDES ACCESS TO THOSE WHO CANNOT OTHERWISE GET ACCESS @captain_primate | #detroitDH
  29. OPENNESS ENCOURAGES PROPER ATTRIBUTION, RECOGNIZES CONTRIBUTIONS, & MITIGATES THEFT/ABUSE MAKES

    THE RESULTS OF (MOSTLY) PUBLICLY FUNDED WORK PUBLICLY AVAILABLE PROVIDES ACCESS TO THOSE WHO CANNOT OTHERWISE GET ACCESS @captain_primate | #detroitDH
  30. OPENNESS ENCOURAGES PROPER ATTRIBUTION, RECOGNIZES CONTRIBUTIONS, & MITIGATES THEFT/ABUSE MAKES

    THE RESULTS OF (MOSTLY) PUBLICLY FUNDED WORK PUBLICLY AVAILABLE PROVIDES ACCESS TO THOSE WHO CANNOT OTHERWISE GET ACCESS @captain_primate | #detroitDH
  31. OPEN IS AN ISSUE OF @captain_primate | #detroitDH BETTER SCHOLARSHIP

  32. ALLOWS FOR THE AGGREGATION OR FEDERATION OF BODIES OF SILOED

    DATA, INFORMATION, AND KNOWLEDGE FACILITATES THE USE, RE-USE, AND NOVEL TRANSFORMATION OF DATA, INFORMATION, AND KNOWLEDGE ENCOURAGES DISCOVERY & FACILITATES INTERDISCIPLINARY COLLABORATION @captain_primate | #detroitDH
  33. ALLOWS FOR THE AGGREGATION OR FEDERATION OF BODIES OF SILOED

    DATA, INFORMATION, AND KNOWLEDGE FACILITATES THE USE, RE-USE, AND NOVEL TRANSFORMATION OF DATA, INFORMATION, AND KNOWLEDGE ENCOURAGES DISCOVERY & FACILITATES INTERDISCIPLINARY COLLABORATION @captain_primate | #detroitDH
  34. ALLOWS FOR THE AGGREGATION OR FEDERATION OF BODIES OF SILOED

    DATA, INFORMATION, AND KNOWLEDGE FACILITATES THE USE, RE-USE, AND NOVEL TRANSFORMATION OF DATA, INFORMATION, AND KNOWLEDGE ENCOURAGES DISCOVERY & FACILITATES INTERDISCIPLINARY COLLABORATION @captain_primate | #detroitDH
  35. ALLOWS FOR THE AGGREGATION OR FEDERATION OF BODIES OF SILOED

    DATA, INFORMATION, AND KNOWLEDGE FACILITATES THE USE, RE-USE, AND NOVEL TRANSFORMATION OF DATA, INFORMATION, AND KNOWLEDGE ENCOURAGES DISCOVERY & FACILITATES INTERDISCIPLINARY COLLABORATION @captain_primate | #detroitDH
  36. TECHNICAL ISSUES & CHALLENGES  @captain_primate | #detroitDH  SCHOLARLY

    CULTURE & INSTITUTIONAL POLICY STRATEGIES:
  37. TECHNICAL ISSUES & CHALLENGES  @captain_primate | #detroitDH  SCHOLARLY

    CULTURE & INSTITUTIONAL POLICY STRATEGIES:
  38. BUILD FOR (AND ON) THE OPEN WEB @captain_primate | #detroitDH

  39. @captain_primate | #detroitDH

  40. = BAD @captain_primate | #detroitDH

  41. @captain_primate | #detroitDH

  42. @captain_primate | #detroitDH

  43. CAMPUS AS MUSEUM msu.seum.matrix.msu.edu @captain_primate | #DetroitDH msu.seum msu.seum.matrix.msu.edu

  44. @captain_primate | #detroitDH

  45. @captain_primate | #detroitDH

  46. @captain_primate | #detroitDH

  47. @captain_primate | #detroitDH

  48. @captain_primate | #detroitDH

  49. @captain_primate | #detroitDH twitter.com/clmorgan/status/383270478053265408

  50. BE MINDFUL @captain_primate | #detroitDH

  51. TECHNICAL ISSUES & CHALLENGES  @captain_primate | #detroitDH  SCHOLARLY

    CULTURE & INSTITUTIONAL POLICY STRATEGIES:
  52. @captain_primate | #detroitDH

  53. @captain_primate | #detroitDH

  54. @captain_primate | #detroitDH SCHOLARS: PUBLISH YOUR RESEARCH DATA ON THE

    OPEN WEB INSTITUTIONS: RELEASE COLLECTIONS DATA ON THE OPEN WEB
  55. DOWNLOAD @captain_primate | #detroitDH

  56. @captain_primate | #detroitDH dp.la/info/developers/download/

  57. @captain_primate | #detroitDH www.penn.museum/collections/data.php

  58. @captain_primate | #detroitDH www.github.com

  59. @captain_primate | #detroitDH www.cooperhewitt.org/collections/data

  60. API @captain_primate | #detroitDH (APPLICATION PROGRAMMING INTERFACE)

  61. @captain_primate | #detroitDH www.powerhousemuseum.com

  62. @captain_primate | #detroitDH www.europeana.eu

  63. LOD LINKED OPEN DATA @captain_primate | #detroitDH

  64. None
  65. @captain_primate | #detroitDH opencontext.org

  66. ONE DOES NOT SIMPLY GIVE AWAY ONE’S PRECIOUS DATA @captain_primate

    | #detroitDH
  67. GOLD STAR OF ACADEMIC PUBLICATION @captain_primate | #detroitDH

  68. @captain_primate | #detroitDH @up_joad | openarchaeologydata.metajnl.com

  69. @captain_primate | #detroitDH @up_joad | openarchaeologydata.metajnl.com

  70. USEFUL AND USABLE @captain_primate | #detroitDH

  71. @captain_primate | #detroitDH www.creativecommons.org

  72. LICENSES HAVE IMPLICATIONS @captain_primate | #detroitDH

  73. ARCHAEOLOGY 2.0 new approaches to communication & collaboration edited by

    Eric C. Kansa, Sarah Whitcher Kansa, & Ethan Watrall @captain_primate | #detroitDH www.escholarship.org/uc/item/1r6137tb UCLA Cotsen Institute Press 2011 Available for free through UC eScholarship Open-Access scholarly publishing services Online reading & downloadable PDF First volume in the new Cotsen Digital Archaeology series
  74. @captain_primate | #detroitDH www.escholarship.org/uc/item/1r6137tb

  75. @captain_primate | #detroitDH saa.org

  76. @captain_primate | #detroitDH www.mukurtu.org

  77.  TRADITIONAL KNOWLEDGE LABELS TRADITIONAL KNOWLEDGE LICENSES  @captain_primate |

    #detroitDH www.mukurtu.org | www.localcontexts.org
  78. TK (Traditional Knowledge) license options for Indigenous creators, custodians and

    beneficiaries to manage their community-owned and generated cultural content with third-parties and external- community users. TK LICENSE @captain_primate | #detroitDH http://www.localcontexts.org/tk/license
  79. @captain_primate | #detroitDH www.localcontexts.org/tk/license

  80. TK Labels are an informational strategy to help non- community

    users of traditional knowledge understand the importance and significance of the material, even when it is in the public domain and appears as though it can be shared and used by everyone. TK LABELS @captain_primate | #detroitDH www.localcontexts.org/#labels
  81. @captain_primate | #detroitDH www.localcontexts.org/tk/label

  82. @captain_primate | #detroitDH www.localcontexts.org/tk/label

  83. @captain_primate | #detroitDH www.localcontexts.org/tk/label

  84. EXPOSE YOUR SCHOLARLY PROCESS (ITERATE OPENLY) @captain_primate | #detroitDH

  85. YES, THIS OFTEN REALLY HARD

  86. @captain_primate | #detroitDH SOMETIMES, THIS STUFF TERRIFYING IS DOWNRIGHT

  87. Remember kids, perfect is the enemy of good (Voltaire) @captain_primate

    | #detroitDH
  88. @captain_primate | #detroitDH PUT YOUR WORK HERE

  89. @captain_primate | #detroitDH HISTORY CLASSICS ENGLISH ANTHROPOLOGY PHILOSOPHY COMPUTER SCIENCE

    LINGUISTICS
  90. @captain_primate | #detroitDH

  91. @captain_primate | #detroitDH

  92. SOME FINAL THOUGHTS @captain_primate | #detroitDH

  93. SILOS = BAD (a grain solo, just in case you

    didn’t know) @captain_primate | #detroitDH
  94. open SCHOLARSHIP scares me! we’re not about sharing knowledge, dagnabbit

    @captain_primate | #detroitDH
  95. OPENNESS ISN’T BINARY @captain_primate | #detroitDH

  96. OPENNESS ISN’T BINARY OPEN OR CLOSED @captain_primate | #detroitDH

  97. EXISTS ALONG A SPECTRUM @captain_primate | #detroitDH

  98. CLOSED IS NOT ALWAYS BAD @captain_primate | #detroitDH

  99. OPEN BY DEFAULT

  100. Dude, open is the bomb ! Trust me! EVANGELIZE @captain_primate

    | #detroitDH
  101. FIN Dr. Ethan Watrall Department of Anthropology MATRIX: The Center

    for Digital Humanities and Social Sciences Michigan State University @captain_primate (THE END)