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Make it Useful, Make it Usable: Heritage, Archaeological, and Museum Data in the 21st Century

Make it Useful, Make it Usable: Heritage, Archaeological, and Museum Data in the 21st Century

(Talk given at UCL Digital Heritage 'Big' Data Hacking and Visualisation conference http://www.ucl.ac.uk/archaeology/calendar/articles/2016-17-events/digital-heritage-workshop)

Over the past 40 years, scholars, projects, and institutions have become stewards of vast amounts of digital archaeological and heritage data that provides critical insight into the human past. Up until fairly recently, much of the discussion surrounding these data has focused on issues of storage, preservation, and limited scholarly access. While these questions are still pressing, the narrative of digital data in archaeology and heritage has expanded.

The challenge with which we are now being faced doesn’t have to do so much with data itself, but how data should be provided, presented, and consumed by a wide variety of stakeholders and constituents. How do we make data available to those who wish to use it? Who should be able to use data? Under what terms should data be made available for use? What are the ethical considerations surrounding digital data in heritage and archaeology? What technical approaches can be used to make data available? How can scholars and institutions encourage the public to engage with heritage and archaeological research and questions through data. Is the public merely a consumer in the lifecycle of heritage and archaeological data? All (and many more) are pressing questions that need to be thoughtfully and practically addressed.

This talk will attempt to parse these challenges and explore the ways in which scholars and institutions can make heritage and archaeological data both useful and usable to a broad array of communities and stakeholders.

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Ethan Watrall

May 22, 2017
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  1. MAKE IT USEFUL, MAKE IT USABLE HERITAGE, ARCHAEOLOGICAL, & MUSEUM

    DATA IN THE 21ST CENTURY ethan watrall | michigan state university | dept. of anthropology 
 matrix: the center for digital humanities & social sciences | @captain_primate
  2. anthropology.msu.edu | @MSUAnthropology @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata

  3. msu.edu @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata

  4. chi.anthropology.msu.edu | @chi_initiative CULTURAL HERITAGE INFORMATICS initiative @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata

  5. matrix.msu.edu | @matrix_msu @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata

  6. MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY Department of Anthropology digital archaeology.msu.edu | @digitalarchaeo

    @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata
  7. @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata

  8. MY EXPERIENCES... FROM THE TRENCHES @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata

  9. (A LITTLE BIT OF HISTORY) @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata

  10. JIM DEETZ @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata

  11. anthropology.umn.edu/labs/wlnaa/pottery @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata

  12. IBM 704 @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata

  13. @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata www.worldcat.org/oclc/419800

  14. DATA ANALYSIS DATA STORAGE @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata

  15. DATA ANALYSIS DATA STORAGE @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata

  16. ARKANSAS ARCHAEOLOGICAL SURVEY @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata archeology.uark.edu/

  17. Used the General Retrieval and Information Processor for Humanities Oriented

    Studies (GRIPHOS) system to provide information storage, search, and retrieval infrastructure for AAS site files, the Harrington Caddoan collection (housed in the National Museum of the American Indian), AAS faunal collection, and AAS human skeletal collection AAS @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata
  18. ➊ HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE HAD ONLY JUST REACHED THE POINT

    WHERE THEY WERE BARELY ADEQUATE FOR DEALING WITH ARCHAEOLOGICAL INFORMATION ➋ FACILITIES TO SUPPORT THESE SORTS OF UNDERTAKINGS WERE EXCEEDINGLY RARE ➌ THERE WASN’T A CONSENSUS AMONG ARCHAEOLOGISTS AS TO WHAT TYPES OF DATA SHOULD BE STORED AND HOW THAT DATA SHOULD BE COLLECTED @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata
  19. ➊ HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE HAD ONLY JUST REACHED THE POINT

    WHERE THEY WERE BARELY ADEQUATE FOR DEALING WITH ARCHAEOLOGICAL INFORMATION ➋ FACILITIES TO SUPPORT THESE SORTS OF UNDERTAKINGS WERE EXCEEDINGLY RARE ➌ THERE WASN’T A CONSENSUS AMONG ARCHAEOLOGISTS AS TO WHAT TYPES OF DATA SHOULD BE STORED AND HOW THAT DATA SHOULD BE COLLECTED @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata
  20. @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata

  21. @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata www.europeana.eu | www.canadiana.ca | dp.la

  22. ux.opencontext.org/archaeology-site-data | opencontext.org | archaeologydataservice.ac.uk @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata

  23. openarchaeologydata.metajnl.com @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata

  24. DIS CONNECT / @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata

  25. @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata www.britishmuseum.org/research/collection_online/search.aspx

  26. DIS CONNECT / WHAT AM I TALKING ABOUT HERE? @captain_primate

    | #GEFbigdata
  27. METADAT DIRECTED GRAPH NOTATION3 APPLICATION PROGRAMMING INTERFAC RESOURCE DEFINITION FRA

    RIPT OBJECT NOTATIONEXTENSIBLE MA SPARQL ENDPOINT NTOLOGY LANGUAGE RDF QUERY LANGUAGE CIDOC-CRM OAI-PMH RESTFUL API CA RDF TRIPLES TERSE RDF TRIP XML SCHEMA SEMANTIC WEB STANDRD @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata
  28. SO, WHAT EXACTLY IS THE POINT OF THIS TALK? @captain_primate

    | #GEFbigdata
  29. MAKE IT USEFUL, MAKE IT USABLE HERITAGE, ARCHAEOLOGICAL, & MUSEUM

    DATA IN THE 21ST CENTURY ethan watrall | michigan state university | dept. of anthropology 
 matrix: the center for digital humanities & social sciences | @captain_primate
  30. MAKE IT USEFUL, MAKE IT USABLE HERITAGE, ARCHAEOLOGICAL, & MUSEUM

    DATA IN THE 21ST CENTURY ethan watrall | michigan state university | dept. of anthropology 
 matrix: the center for digital humanities & social sciences | @captain_primate
  31. fair warning… I’m going to wander a little... @captain_primate |

    #GEFbigdata
  32. TECHNICAL DIMENSION HUMAN DIMENSION @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata

  33. TECHNICAL DIMENSION HUMAN DIMENSION @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata

  34. BUILD FOR (AND ON) THE OPEN WEB @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata

  35. THE OPEN WEB? @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata

  36. THE OPEN WEB No permissions required to stand up a

    site or a web application. No proprietary software required to view. Open protocols, open standards, no gatekeepers. Decentralization @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata
  37. @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata

  38. www.openstreetmap.org @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata

  39. = BAD @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata

  40. @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata

  41. @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata

  42. @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata

  43. www.github.com @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata

  44. https://sketchfab.com/hugoandersonwhymark @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata

  45. SO WHAT? @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata

  46. ux.opencontext.org/archaeology-site-data | opencontext.org | archaeologydataservice.ac.uk @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata

  47. METADAT DIRECTED GRAPH NOTATION3 APPLICATION PROGRAMMING INTERFAC RESOURCE DEFINITION FRA

    RIPT OBJECT NOTATIONEXTENSIBLE MA SPARQL ENDPOINT NTOLOGY LANGUAGE RDF QUERY LANGUAGE CIDOC-CRM OAI-PMH RESTFUL API CA RDF TRIPLES TERSE RDF TRIP XML SCHEMA SEMANTIC WEB STANDRD @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata
  48. LOWERING THE BARRIER (PROMOTING FRICTIONLESS ACCESS TO DATA) @captain_primate |

    #GEFbigdata
  49. dp.la/info/developers/download/ @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata

  50. www.penn.museum/collections/data.php @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata

  51. screenshot from mini project anthropology.msu.edu/2013chifieldschool/ @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata

  52. @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata

  53. TECHNICAL DIMENSION HUMAN DIMENSION @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata

  54. OPENNESS @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata

  55. OPENNESS? @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata

  56. The principle that knowledge should be spread freely. Its growth

    should come from developing, altering, or enriching already existing works on the basis of sharing and collaboration without restriction OPENNESS @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata
  57. vs FREE AS IN SPEECH FREE AS IN BEER @captain_primate

    | #GEFbigdata
  58. FREE AS IN BEER (GRATIS) @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata

  59. FREE AS IN SPEECH (LIBRE) @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata

  60. LICENSING OWNERSHIP VS @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata

  61. LICENSING OWNERSHIP VS @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata

  62. wiki.creativecommons.org/wiki/Data @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata

  63. LICENSING FOR REALISTIC USE @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata

  64. ETHICAL DIMENSIONS OF ARCHAEOLOGY & HERITAGE DATA @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata

  65. @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata

  66. @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata opencontext.org

  67. PATRIMONY CULTURAL NATIONAL FAMILIAL PATRIMONY PATRIMONY @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata

  68. LICENSING OWNERSHIP VS @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata

  69. dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0940739105050204 @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata

  70. www.mukurtu.org @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata

  71. MALIAN amp.matrix.msu.edu ARCHIVE OF PHOTOGRAPHY @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata

  72. amp.matrix.msu.edu @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata

  73. amp.matrix.msu.edu @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata

  74. amp.matrix.msu.edu @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata

  75. amp.matrix.msu.edu @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata

  76. amp.matrix.msu.edu @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata

  77. amp.matrix.msu.edu @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata

  78. amp.matrix.msu.edu @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata

  79. amp.matrix.msu.edu @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata

  80. LICENSING OWNERSHIP VS @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata

  81. (AKA. THE PUNCHLINE) FINAL THOUGHTS @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata

  82. WE NEED TO BUILD TOOLS THAT FACILITATE BROAD ENGAGEMENT WITH

    DATA ➊ @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata
  83. HERITAGE INSTITUTIONS NEED TO BE PLATFORM FOR DATA LITERACY ➋

    @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata
  84. ENCOURAGING PLAY & EXPERIMENTATION ➌ @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata

  85. SILOS = BAD (a grain solo, just in case you

    didn’t know) @captain_primate | #GEFbigdata
  86. FIN Dr. Ethan Watrall Department of Anthropology MATRIX: The Center

    for Digital Humanities and Social Sciences Michigan State University @captain_primate (THE END)