everyone, Donald Trump has just won the 2016 US Presidential election • Donald Trump himself is an ignorant, petty man who has shown little aptitude for or interest in governing • There is clearly something much larger going on here…
an innovation yields a revolutionary leap in economics • These innovations are the winds of Joseph Schumpeter’s “perennial gale of creative destruction” • Disruptive innovation is the lifeblood of the technology industry: we don’t merely thrive on it, we actively seek it out
is emphatically eating the world — often by “new world-beating Silicon Valley companies” • …but last night we were reminded of a darker side to this disruption: that people themselves feel devoured • This is the “two Americas”: one that is exciting and full of promise — the other in which a romanticized past seems vastly preferable to a grim and scary future
disruption isn’t only for economics: democracy affords a kind of political disruption • While we shouldn’t oversimplify what happened, it’s clear that fear of economic dislocation is playing a signiﬁcant role • It is destruction without creativity • But wait, it’s going to get worse…
• Disruptive innovation is coming to industries that employ many millions of people: • Truck transportation • Healthcare • Education • Demagoguery notwithstanding, elections won’t stop this: these innovations are economic, not political
“infrastructure” — VMs • But the “virtual machine” is exactly that: a virtual personal computer (!!) that is a vestigial abstraction • The rise of containers — and more recently, container orchestration — has led to a disruption within a disruption • Cloud computing is no longer infrastructure: it is about delivering application logic — disruption! — faster
likely to hold for containers: greater efﬁciency will result in a net increase in consumption! • Efﬁciency gains from containers are developer velocity... • ...but requiring containers to be scheduled in VMs induces operational inefﬁciencies: every operator must now think like a cloud operator — maximizing density within ﬁxed-cost VMs • Greater consumption + operational inefﬁciencies threaten to slow the container revolution — or make it explosive in terms of cost
promise of the container revolution, we need container-native infrastructure • The beneﬁts of that infrastructure should accrue to the user, not to the infrastructure provider • Moore’s Law will continue to hold — and it turns out, a 2U server with 512GB of DRAM can do a hell of a lot of work…
computing is greatly exaggerated! • There are three key determinants for public v. on-premises: • Economics: Rent vs. buy; OPEX vs. CAPEX • Risk Management: Security/compliance — and also risk factors associated with operator-as-threat • Latency: The speed of light is a constant! • Economics dominates: “private cloud” efforts that do not deliver public cloud economics are doomed to (continue to)
disrupted the traditional, shrink- wrapped proprietary software industry… • …but public cloud services have become the new proprietary! • This has generated a new generation of lock-in that — like its forebear from a decade prior — is ripe for disruption… • Especially when taken with the economics of on-prem computing, open source will become a constraint
— but we live in a world in which the leaders of computing are a search engine and an online bookstore • Samsung is a consumer electronics company with an incomprehensibly large footprint… • …but they view their future as software • At Samsung’s scale (and, in some markets, thin margins), it makes no sense to be a public cloud customer! • We believe that Samsung is only ahead of the curve..
a pace of disruption that exceeds the pace of generations… • …but this disruption is now engulﬁng the broader economy • It’s accelerating — we cannot put the genie back in the bottle! • We ignore the human toll of this change at our own peril • Computational thinking is literacy… • And we as a society have an acute literacy problem!
— is terrifying to the marrow • The fear that is felt this morning by one America is one that the other America has felt for a generation • But we must not despair: human ingenuity — that of both Americas — must not be underestimated! • This is the beginning of a long conversation: how do we cope with the pace of the change that we are inﬂicting?