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Building Community Around Openness

Building Community Around Openness

Presentation given with Jim Jonas at the Wisconsin Library Association Annual Conference, November 2015.


Brianna Marshall

November 05, 2015


  1. Building Community Around Openness at the University of Wisconsin-Madison Brianna

    Marshall | General Library System | @notsosternlib Jim Jonas | MERIT Library | @jimatmerit Image courtesy of Flickr user 31246066@N04 (CC BY)
  2. About Us Brianna Marshall Lead, Research Data Services General Library

    System, UW-Madison Jim Jonas Info & Instructional Services Librarian MERIT Library, UW-Madison
  3. What We’re Talking About Today Brief overview of openness topics

    – Open access – Open data – Open educational resources Community building at UW – UW Open Meetup Discussion – Ideas for bringing openness to your organization

  5. What is “Open Access”? “By open access, we mean its

    free availability on the public internet, permitting any users to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search or link to the full text of these articles, crawl them for indexing, pass them as data to software or use them for any other lawful purpose…” - The Budapest Open Access Initiative, 2002
  6. What is “Open” Content? Copyrightable work licensed in a manner

    that provides access to the 5R activities – Retain – Reuse – Revise – Remix – Redistribute opencontent.org/definition
  7. Licenses

  8. Why care about open access? Compatible with copyright, peer review,

    revenue, print, preservation, prestige, quality, career-advancement, indexing. Often focused on publicly-funded research. Two primary vehicles for delivering OA to research articles: OA journals and OA repositories. From Peter Suber’s Open Access Overview: http://legacy.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/overview.htm
  9. Barriers to open access • Tenure guidelines (reliance on journal

    prestige/impact) • Lack of awareness/understanding of OA issues • Traditional publishing practices • Market failure
  10. Learn more about open access SPARC – http://www.sparc.arl.org/ Opencontent.org –

    http://opencontent.org/blog/ PLOS – https://www.plos.org/open-access/

  12. What is research data? “The recorded factual information commonly accepted

    in the scientific community as necessary to validate research findings.” INCLUDES: code, figures, statistics, interviews, transcripts EXCLUDES: preliminary analyses, drafts of papers, plans for further research, communication + peer reviews, physical samples - OMB Circular, White House
  13. What is open data? “Open means anyone can freely access,

    use, modify, and share for any purpose (subject, at most, to requirements that preserve provenance and openness).” -The Open Definition (http://opendefinition.org/) CAVEAT: Some data isn’t meant to be shared openly (human subjects, national security, etc.)
  14. Why care about open data? Data and code are the

    building blocks of scholarship! • Not copyrightable • Often the result of public funding • Reproducible research is key • Prompts quicker breakthroughs and advancements • There’s a proven citation advantage* *Piwowar HA, Vision TJ. (2013) Data reuse and the open data citation advantage. PeerJ 1:e175 https://dx.doi.org/10.7717/peerj.175
  15. Barriers to open data Lack of academic incentive; traditional publishing

    practices focused solely on impact factor Limited technical infrastructure, storage Researcher fears – Getting scooped – Discovery of mistakes – Misinterpretation of data
  16. Learn more about open data • Open Data Pinboard (Dorothea

    Salo) • Open Research Glossary • OpenCon • Open Research Course (P2PU) • Twitter – #opendata – #openscience – #openresearch – #reproducibilityproject

  18. What are Open Educational Resources (OER)? “Open Educational Resources are

    educational materials and resources offered freely and openly for anyone to use and under some licenses to re-mix, improve and redistribute.” Marilyn Billings, UMass-Amherst
  19. Why care about OER? Big Picture • Instructor flexibility •

    Decreased costs – Access (to higher ed) – Improved instructional outcomes • Accessibility options UW-Madison • Blended Learning • Educational Innovation
  20. Textbook Costs Source http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-13-368

  21. Barriers to OER Lack of academic incentive – Research vs.

    instruction – Market mechanism broken – deciders insulated from costs – Reworking courses labor intensive – No financial rewards for additional work Lack of awareness
  22. Learn more about OER


  24. How it all began…

  25. uwopenmeetup.wordpress.com

  26. Meeting Components • Third Thursday in the Education Building •

    MOON (massive open online notes) • Brianna, Jim, and Carrie as facilitators • Agenda – Announcements – Introductions – Content – Ideas for next meeting
  27. June Focus: Our kick off meeting! Lots of time spent

    on introductions – wanted to see who showed up before creating a rigid agenda Launched a survey to determine participant interests + ideas
  28. What best describes your interest in openness on campus?

  29. What other topics related to openness on campus interest you?

  30. What resources/activities would you like to try?

  31. July Focus: Survey results discussion Short sharing session – what

    open projects are happening on campus? – Open history textbook – OER project using PressBooks, Candela – Open source GIS portal
  32. August Focus: Sharing information sources + tools Guiding questions –

    Where do you find useful information on these topics? – Anything you subscribe to or check regularly? – People you follow or communities you participate in? – Favorite places to refer people for information? – Any association or standards groups you look to for guidance? – Tools you use to create, find, store open content? Crowdsourced doc: http://tinyurl.com/omqv7le
  33. September Focus: Brief overview of open topics – Open access

    (Carrie Nelson) – Open data (Brianna Marshall) – Open educational resources (Jim Jonas)
  34. October Focus: OER Unizin and OER – Canvas Pilot Report

    Open Publishing Tools – Sample Text (Teaching with Technology) made w/ PressBooks – Candela Courseware
  35. Challenges • Thinking big picture: What does UW really need?

    • Finding new content and ideas (without having to generate all of it ourselves!) • Balance between building knowledge month by month and recapping for new attendees • Balance between deep dives into topics + broader view
  36. Questions Image courtesy of Flickr user bilal-kamoon (CC BY)

  37. Thank You! Brianna Marshall Research Data Services, UW-Madison brianna.marshall@wisc.edu Jim

    Jonas MERIT Library, UW-Madison james.jonas@wisc.edu
  38. Credits Inspiration and ideas for some slides are taken from:

    • Heather Joseph, ACRL 2015 presentation • Peter Suber, Open Access Overview • Carrie Nelson, Openness and Open Access