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Wikipediaにおける学術文献の参照記述に関する研究 (博士論文最終発表会資料) / 20201223

218474ce206359f450e987d1b7810a81?s=47 Jiro Kikkawa
December 16, 2020

Wikipediaにおける学術文献の参照記述に関する研究 (博士論文最終発表会資料) / 20201223

2020年12月23日 (水) 博士論文最終発表会のスライド資料です。
「Wikipediaにおける学術文献の参照記述に関する研究 (A Study of Scholarly Bibliographic References on Wikipedia)」
筑波大学大学院図書館情報メディア研究科 吉川 次郎 (Jiro Kikkawa)

最終発表会の公示: http://www.slis.tsukuba.ac.jp/grad/assets/files/Kikkawa.pdf
Researchmap: https://researchmap.jp/jir_o
研究室ウェブサイト: http://www.slis.tsukuba.ac.jp/takaku-lab/

218474ce206359f450e987d1b7810a81?s=128

Jiro Kikkawa

December 16, 2020
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  1. Wikipediaʹ͓͚Δֶज़จݙͷ ࢀরهड़ʹؔ͢Δݚڀ ஜ೾େֶେֶӃ ਤॻؗ৘ใϝσΟΞݚڀՊ ֶ੶൪߸201630511,&NBJMjiro!slis.tsukuba.ac.jp ͖͔ͬΘ ͡Ζ͏ ٢઒ ࣍࿠ 2020೥12݄23೔

    ਫ ത࢜࿦จ࠷ऴൃදձ A Study of Scholarly Bibliographic References on Wikipedia 1 ൃදࢿྉΛެ։͍ͯ͠·͢ → https://speakerdeck.com/corgies/20201223
  2. ࿦จͷߏ੒ 1ষ ͸͡Ίʹ ɾݚڀഎܠͱݚڀ໨త ɾຊݚڀʹ͓͚Δݚڀ՝୊ ɾຊݚڀͷҙٛͱߩݙ ɾຊ࿦จͷߏ੒ 2ষ ؔ࿈ݚڀ ɾWikipedia্ͷֶज़จݙͷࢀরهड़ͷ෼ੳ

    ɾࢀরهड़ͷಉఆʹؔ͢Δํ๏࿦ͷ੔ཧ ɾWikipediaͷ࣋ଓՄೳੑ ɾઐ໳Ո΍ߴ౳ڭҭػؔʹΑΔWikipediaͷ ฤू 3ষ DOIϦϯΫΛ௥Ճ͢Δฤूͱฤूऀ ͷ෼ੳ ɾഎܠͱ໨త ɾର৅ɾํ๏ ɾ෼ੳ݁Ռ ɾߟ࡯ ɾ·ͱΊ 4ষ ֶज़จݙͷࢀরهड़Λ௥Ճ͢Δ ฤूͷಛఆख๏ ɾഎܠͱ໨త ɾఏҊख๏ ɾධՁ࣮ݧ ɾߟ࡯ ɾ·ͱΊ 5ষ ֶज़จݙͷࢀরهड़ͷ௥Ճʹؔ͢Δ ࣌ܥྻ෼ੳ ɾഎܠͱ໨త ɾର৅ɾํ๏ ɾ෼ੳ݁Ռ ɾߟ࡯ ɾ·ͱΊ 6ষ ͓ΘΓʹ ɾ૯߹ߟ࡯ ɾ݁࿦ ɾຊݚڀͷҙٛͱߩݙɼԠ༻ ɾࠓޙͷ՝୊ ੺จࣈ͸ݪஶ࿦จͷ಺༰Λجʹͨ͠ষΛࢦ͢ 2
  3. ֶज़৘ใྲྀ௨ͷిࢠԽͱ΢Σϒ্Ͱͷେن໛ͳࢀরɼྲྀ௨ • ओཁͳֶज़จݙσʔλϕʔεͷϨίʔυ݅਺: ਺ઍສ͔݅Β1ԯ݅௒ • ΢Σϒ্ͰΞΫηεՄೳͳֶज़จݙ: গͳ͘ͱ΋1.14ԯ݅ (ӳޠ) • ֶज़Ϗοάσʔλ

    Scholarly Big Data ΢ΣϒΛ௨ֶͨ͡ज़৘ใج൫ͷ੔උɾීٴʹ൐͏มԽ 1. ΞΫηεϩάʹجͮ͘ఆྔతͳར༻ঢ়گͷ೺Ѳ΍෼ੳ 2. ιʔγϟϧϝσΟΞͰͷݴٴ౳ͷσʔλͷऔಘͱԠ༻ 3. ݚڀऀ΍ઐ໳ՈͳͲʹݶΒͣɼ༷ʑͳਓʑ΍ίϛϡχςΟ ʹΑΔֶज़จݙͷར׆༻ → Wikipedia͔Βͷֶज़จݙ΁ͷΞΫηε͸ͦͷͻͱͭ ݚڀഎܠ (1) 3
  4. Wikipedia͔Βͷֶज़จݙ΁ͷΞΫηε • DOI (Digital Object IdentifierɼσδλϧΦϒδΣΫτࣝผࢠ) ͷੈք࠷େ ن໛ͷొ࿥ػؔͰ͋Δ Crossref ͷ2015೥࣌఺ͰͷใࠂʹΑΔͱɼ

    Web of ScienceɼScopusͳͲͷֶज़จݙσʔλϕʔεʹ͍࣍Ͱ 5൪໨ʹΞΫηε͕ଟ͍ࢀরݩ͕Wikipedia Wikipediaͱ͸? • ୭Ͱ΋ฤूͰ͖ΔϑϦʔͷΦϯϥΠϯඦՊࣄయ • ੈքͰ5൪໨ʹΞΫηε͕ଟ͍΢ΣϒαΠτ • ෆಛఆଟ਺ͷڠಇΛ௨ͯ͡ฤࢊ͞ΕΔඦՊࣄయͱ͍͏ੑ্࣭ɼ ͦͷ಺༰͕ͲΕ͚ͩਖ਼֬Ͱ৴པͰ͖Δ͔ʹ͍ͭͯ͸ઃཱॳظ͔Β ଟ͘ͷ൷൑΍ٞ࿦͕͋Δ ݚڀഎܠ (2) 4
  5. Wikipedia্Ͱֶज़จݙ͕ࢀর͞ΕΔཧ༝ • ࡾେํ਑ݕূՄೳੑɼதཱతͳ؍఺ɼಠࣗݚڀ͸ࡌͤͳ͍ • ݕূՄೳੑ ʮӾཡऀ΍ଞͷฤूऀ͕಺༰ΛݕূͰ͖ΔΑ͏৴པͰ͖Δ৘ใݯ ʹ͋ͨΓɼग़యΛ໌ه͢Δ΂͖ʯɼʮ΢ΟΩϖσΟΞͷهࣄ͸ɼ ࣄ࣮֬ೝͱਖ਼֬͞ʹ͍ͭͯఆධͷ͋Δɼ৴༻Ͱ͖Δୈࡾऀ৘ใݯ ʹج͍ͯॻ͘΂͖Ͱ͢ɽֶज़తͳओ୊ʹ͍ͭͯ͸ɼͳΔ΂͘ ϐΞϨϏϡʔ

    ࠪಡ Λܦͨ৘ใݯΛ༻͍Δ΂͖Ͱ͢ʯ ݚڀഎܠ (3) 5 ( https://ja.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=WP:V ) ֶज़จݙ͸ࡾେํ਑ͱͷ૬ੑ͕ྑ͘ɼWikipediaͷίϯςϯπ ͷ࣭Λؒ઀తʹ୲อɾ޲্͠͏Δग़య΍৘ใݯͱͯ͠ػೳ͢Δ
  6. Difficulties defining LIS “The question, ‘What is library and information

    science?’ does not elicit responses লུ A multidisciplinary, interdisciplinary or monodisciplinary field? The Swedish researcher Emin Tengström (1993) [11] described cross-disciplinary research as a process, not a state or structure. লུ A more recent study revealed that 31% of the papers published in 31 LIS journals from 2007 through 2012 were by authors in academic departments of library and information science লུ , and the other natural sciences (7%) were also represented. Nearly one-quarter of the papers in the 31 journals were by practicing librarians, and 6% were by others in non-academic (e.g., corporate) positions.[13] References 1. Bates, M.J. and Maack, M.N. (eds.). (2010). Encyclopedia of Library and Information Sciences. Vol. 1-7. CRC Press, Boca Raton, USA. Also available as an electronic source. লུ 13. Walters, William H.; Wilder, Esther Isabelle (2016). "Disciplinary, national, and departmental contributions to the literature of library and information science, 2007-2012". Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology. 67 (6): 1487– 1506. doi:10.1002/asi.23448. ISSN 2330-1635. Selected books and articles Bioinformatics, computational biology, and health informatics • Geng, C., Jung, Y., Renaud, N., Honavar, V., Bonvin, A., Xue, L. (2020). iScore: A novel graph kernel-based function for scoring protein-protein docking models, Bioinformatics https://doi.org/10.1093/bioinformatics/btz496 • Khademi, A., El-Manzalawi, A., Master, L., Buxton, O., and Honavar, V. (2019). Nature and Science of Sleep. https://doi.org/10.2147/NSS.S220716. • Abbas, M., Matta, J., Le, Thanh, Bensmail, H.,Obafemi-Ajayi, T., Honavar, V., and El-Manzalawi, Y. (2019). Biomarker discovery in inflammatory bowel diseases using network-based feature selection. PLOS One https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0225382. Further reading •Åström, Fredrik (2008). "Formalizing a discipline". Journal of Documentation. 64 (5): 721–737. doi:10.1108/00220410810899736. •Bawden, David; Robinson, Lyn (20 August 2012). Introduction to Information Science. ISBN 978-1555708610. •Hjørland, Birger (2000). "Library and information science: Practice, theory, and philosophical basis". Information Processing & Management. 36 (3): 501–531. doi:10.1016/S0306-4573(99)00038-2. •Hjørland, Birger (2014). "Information Science and Its Core Concepts: Levels of Disagreement". Theories of Information, Communication and Knowledge. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science. 34. pp. 205– 235. doi:10.1007/978-94-007-6973-1_9. ISBN 978-94-007-6972-4. •Järvelin, Kalervo; Vakkari, Pertti (1993). "The evolution of library and information science 1965–1985: A content analysis of journal articles". Information Processing & Management. 29: 129– 144. doi:10.1016/0306-4573(93)90028-C. Wikipedia্ͷֶज़จݙͷࢀরهड़ͷྫ (1), (2) Library and information science - Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Library_and_information_science (3) Vasant Honavar - Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vasant_Honavar (1) (2) (3) 6
  7. Wikipedia্ͷֶज़จݙͷࢀরهड़ʹؔ͢Δઌߦݚڀ • େ෦෼͸ֶज़จݙࣗମʹண໨͓ͯ͠Γɼֶज़จݙͷࢀরهड़Λ ௥Ճ͢Δฤू΍ฤूऀʹؔ͢Δ෼ੳࣄྫ͸ݟ౰ͨΒͳ͍ • ݸʑͷࢀরهड़͕೚ҙͷϖʔδʹ௥Ճ͞Εͨ࣌఺ ॳग़࣌఺ ͷಛఆࣗମ͕೉͘͠ɼํ๏࿦ཱ͕֬͞Ε͍ͯͳ͍ – ࢀরهड़ࣗମʹෆ׬શͳཁૉ΍ޡΓؚ͕·ΕΔͨΊ

    – ෆಛఆଟ਺ͷฤूऀ͕ෳ਺ͷฤूλεΫΛߦ͍ͬͯΔͨΊ ݚڀഎܠ (4) 7
  8. Wikipediaશମʹ͓͚Δ໰୊ • ฤूճ਺΍ฤूऀ਺ͷ৳ͼ೰Έɼ৽نࢀՃऀ͕ఆண͠ʹ͍͘ • ϖʔδͷ৽ن࡞੒΍Ճචमਖ਼ͷఀ଺ʹܨ͕Δ఺Ͱ ࣋ଓՄೳੑʹؔ͢Δ໰୊ • ࢀরهड़ͷ௥Ճʹ΋ಉ༷ͷ৳ͼ೰Έ͕ݟΒΕΔͷ͔൱͔ 676 American

    Behavioral Scientist 57(5) Figure 2. The English Wikipedia’s editor decline. The number of active, registered editors (≥5 edits per month) is plotted over time. ਤ: HalfakerΒ [1] ʹΑΔӳޠ൛ͷฤूऀ਺ (ฤूճ਺/݄≧5) ͷ࣌ܥྻਪҠ ೥݄ ݚڀഎܠ (5) 8
  9. ͜ͷ໨తΛୡ੒͢ΔͨΊʹ3ͭͷݚڀ՝୊ʹऔΓ૊Ή • ݚڀ՝୊1 DOIϦϯΫΛ௥Ճ͢Δฤूͱฤूऀͷ෼ੳ • ݚڀ՝୊2 ֶज़จݙͷࢀরهड़Λ௥Ճ͢Δฤूͷಛఆख๏ • ݚڀ՝୊3 ֶज़จݙͷࢀরهड़ͷ௥Ճʹؔ͢Δ࣌ܥྻ෼ੳ

    • 3ষ͸ݚڀ՝୊1ɼ4ষ͸ݚڀ՝୊2ɼ5ষ͸ݚڀ՝୊3ʹجͮ͘ ಺༰Ͱ͋Δ (3ͭͷݚڀ՝୊ͱ3ͭͷݪஶ࿦จ͕ͦΕͧΕରԠ͢Δ) Wikipedia্ͷֶज़จݙͷࢀরهड़Λ௥Ճ͢Δฤू͓Αͼฤूऀ ͷ෼ੳΛ௨ͯ͡ࢀরهड़ͷ௥Ճʹ͓͚Δ࣋ଓՄೳੑΛ໌Β͔ʹ ͢Δ͜ͱ ݚڀ໨త 9
  10. %0*ɼ%0*ϦϯΫͱ͸ • DOI͸ɼղܾՄೳɼ࣋ଓՄೳɼ૬ޓӡ༻ՄೳͳϦϯΫΛఏڙ͢Δ ͨΊͷࠃࡍඪ४ͷࣝผࢠ (2019೥12݄࣌఺Ͱͷ૯ొ࿥݅਺͸1.9ԯ݅) • %0*໊ (ࣝผࢠͱͯ͠ͷDOI) Prefixɼεϥογϡ (/)ɼSuffix͔Βߏ੒

    • DOI໊Λ https://doi.org/ ͷ຤ඌʹՃ͑ΔͱURIͱͯ͠ػೳ͢Δ – ౰֘ίϯςϯπͷURIʹϦμΠϨΫτ͞ΕΔ – ͜ͷURIΛ௨ͨ͡ϋΠύʔϦϯΫΛຊݚڀͰ͸ %0*ϦϯΫ ͱݺͿ ֓ཁ %0*ϦϯΫΛ༻͍ͯWikipedia্ͷֶज़จݙͷࢀরهड़Λ௥Ճ ͢Δฤूͱฤूऀͷ෼ੳΛߦ͍ɼ࣮ଶΛ໌Β͔ʹ͢Δ ྫ https://doi.org/10.2964/jsik_2020_004 → https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/jsik/30/1/30_2020_004/_article/-char/ja/ ݚڀ՝୊1 DOIϦϯΫΛ௥Ճ͢Δฤूͱฤूऀͷ෼ੳ 10
  11. 1. ӬଓతͳΞΫηε΍Ұҙͷࣝผʹ͓͚Δ໾ׂͷॏཁੑ • ίϯςϯπͷURIʹґଘ͠ͳ͍ӬଓతͳΞΫηε΍Ұҙͷࣝผ → WikipediaίϯςϯπͷݕূՄೳੑͷ޲্ɼؒ઀తͳ࣭ͷ୲อɾ޲্ 2. ݚڀ෼໺ԣஅతͳ෼ੳͱͷ૬ੑͷྑ͞ • ֶज़จݙͷ౥ࡌϓϥοτϑΥʔϜͰ޿͘࠾༻

    → ΑΓద੾ͳ෼ੳର৅ 3. Wikipedia্Ͱͷ࢖༻ͷਪ঑ + ࣮ࡍͷࢀরঢ়گ • WikipediaͷϙϦγʔʹ͓͍ͯDOIϦϯΫͷ࢖༻͕ਪ঑͞Ε͍ͯΔ • ӳޠ൛Ͱͷࢀরঢ়گ 2015೥࣌఺Ͱ໿146ສ݅ͷDOIϦϯΫ [2] 4. ෆਖ਼֬ͳॻࢽهड़ʹର͢ΔɼΑΓ࣮֬ͳֶज़จݙ΍෼໺ͷಛఆ • DOI໊ͷهड़͕ਖ਼֬Ͱ͋Ε͹ɼDOIͷϝλσʔλ͔Β৘ใΛऔಘՄೳ 5. DOIϦϯΫΛର৅ͱͨ͠෼ੳʹؔ͢Δϊ΢ϋ΢ • ख๏ͷݕ౼΍෼ੳ΁ͷద༻Λ܁Γฦ͖ͯͨ͠ܦݧΛ֦ுɾൃలՄೳ ݚڀ՝୊1ʹ͓͍ͯDOIϦϯΫΛ෼ੳର৅ͱ͢Δཧ༝ 11
  12. %0*ϦϯΫΛ௥Ճ͢Δฤू΍ฤूऀͷ࣮ଶ • ͲΕ͘Β͍ͷن໛ͷฤूऀʹΑΓɼͲΕ͚ͩ௥Ճ͞Ε͍ͯΔͷ͔? %0*ϦϯΫͷ௥Ճʹ͓͚Δ࣋ଓੑ΍҆ఆੑͷ໰୊ͷ༗ແ • ֤ݚڀ෼໺͓ΑͼશମͰɼҰ෦ͷฤूऀʹͲΕ͚ͩґଘ͍ͯ͠Δ ͷ͔? (΋͠ɼগ਺͔ͭಛఆͷऀʹେ͖͘ґଘ͍ͯ͠Δ৔߹ɼ ౰֘ͷฤूऀ͕௥Ճ͠ͳ͘ͳΔ͜ͱʹΑΔఀ଺͕ةዧ͞ΕΔ) •

    DOIϦϯΫͷ௥Ճ͸ɼҰ෦ͷฤूऀ͕઎༗͍ͯ͠Δͷ͔? ͦΕͱ΋ɼଟ਺ͷฤूऀʹΑͬͯগͣͭ͠௥Ճ͞Ε͍ͯΔͷ͔? %0*ϦϯΫΛର৅ͱ͢Δ͜ͱͰɼࢀরهड़ࣗମͷॳग़࣌఺Λ ͲΕ͚ͩ௥੻ՄೳͰ͋Δ͔ • ࢀরهड़ͷ৽ن௥Ճ࣌ʹDOIϦϯΫ͕௥Ճ͞ΕΔ͜ͱ͕ଟ͍ͷ͔? طଘͷࢀরهड़ʹରͯ͠ޙ͔Β௥Ճ (෇Ճ) ͞ΕΔ͜ͱ͕ଟ͍ͷ͔? ݚڀ՝୊1Ͱ໌Β͔ʹ͍ͨ͜͠ͱ 12
  13. 13 ֓ཁ ࣝผࢠ͓ΑͼจݙλΠτϧΛ༻͍ͨෳ਺ͷख๏ʹΑͬͯ ࢀরهड़ࣗମͷॳग़࣌఺Λಛఆ͢ΔͨΊͷํ๏࿦Λߏங ͨ͠͏͑Ͱɼਫ਼౓ͷධՁΛߦ͏ Wikipedia্ͷֶज़จݙͷࢀরهड़ʹؔ͢Δઌߦݚڀ • େ෦෼͸ֶज़จݙࣗମʹண໨͓ͯ͠Γɼֶज़จݙͷࢀরهड़Λ௥Ճ ͢Δฤू΍ฤूऀʹؔ͢Δ෼ੳࣄྫ͸ݟ౰ͨΒͳ͍ •

    ݸʑͷࢀরهड़͕೚ҙͷϖʔδʹ௥Ճ͞Εͨ࣌఺ ॳग़࣌఺ ͷಛఆ ࣗମ͕೉͘͠ɼํ๏࿦ཱ͕֬͞Ε͍ͯͳ͍ ˡ ͜ͷ໰୊ʹऔΓ૊Ή – ࢀরهड़ࣗମʹෆ׬શͳཁૉ΍ޡΓؚ͕·ΕΔͨΊ – ෆಛఆଟ਺ͷฤूऀ͕ෳ਺ͷฤूλεΫΛߦ͍ͬͯΔͨΊ ݚڀ՝୊2 ֶज़จݙͷࢀরهड़Λ௥Ճ͢Δฤूͷಛఆख๏ 13
  14. n ݚڀ՝୊2Ͱߏஙͨ͠ࢀরهड़ͷॳग़࣌఺σʔληοτͷ࣌ܥྻ෼ੳ 1. ௥Ճ݅਺΍ฤूऀ਺ͷਪҠ Wikipediaશମͱಉ༷ͷ৳ͼ೰Έͷ༗ແ 2. ৽نࢀՃͱܧଓͷঢ়گ • ΋͠ɼ৽نࢀՃऀͷݮগɼաڈʹ௥Ճͨ͠ऀ͕ؔ༩͠ͳ͘ͳ͍ͬͯΔɼ ௕ظతʹ௥Ճ͢Δऀ͕ۇ͔Ͱ͋ΔͳͲͷঢ়گ͕ݟΒΕΔ৔߹ɼࢀরهड़ͷ

    ௥Ճͷఀ଺͕ةዧ͞ΕΔ n ࢀরهड़ͷ௥Ճʹ͓͚Δ࣋ଓՄೳੑ΍ίϯςϯπͷ࣭΁ͷӨڹͷݕ౼ λΠϜϥάʹؔ͢Δಛ௃ • ࢀরهड़ͷ௥Ճ͔Β%0*ϦϯΫͷ௥Ճ·Ͱͷ࣌ࠩ • ϖʔδͷ࡞੒͔Βࢀরهड़%0*ϦϯΫͷ௥Ճ·Ͱͷ࣌ࠩ ֓ཁ ࢀরهड़ͷॳग़࣌఺σʔληοτͷ࣌ܥྻ෼ੳΛ௨ͯ͡ɼ Wikipedia্ͷࢀরهड़ͷ௥Ճʹ͓͚Δ࣋ଓՄೳੑΛ ໌Β͔ʹ͢Δ ݚڀ՝୊3 ֶज़จݙͷࢀরهड़ͷ௥Ճʹؔ͢Δ࣌ܥྻ෼ੳ 14
  15. ਤ: ࿦จͷߏ੒ ࿦จͷߏ੒ 15 3ষ DOIϦϯΫΛ௥Ճ͢Δฤूͱ ฤूऀͷ෼ੳ (ݚڀ՝୊1) DOIϦϯΫͷॳग़࣌఺ͷಛఆͱ ͦͷ෼ੳ

    2ষ ؔ࿈ݚڀ ࢀরهड़ͷॳग़࣌఺ͷಛఆͱ ͦͷ෼ੳ 1ষ ͸͡Ίʹ 6ষ ͓ΘΓʹ 4ষ ֶज़จݙͷࢀরهड़Λ௥Ճ͢Δ ฤूͷಛఆ (ݚڀ՝୊2) 5ষ ֶज़จݙͷࢀরهड़ͷ௥Ճʹ ؔ͢Δ࣌ܥྻ෼ੳ (ݚڀ՝୊3)
  16. 2. ؔ࿈ݚڀ 16

  17. n ༷ʑͳ؍఺Ͱͷ෼ੳ͕ߦΘΕ͍ͯΔ • ΠϯύΫτϑΝΫλʔ (IF) ΍ ΦʔϓϯΞΫηε (OA) ͱ ࢀরঢ়گͷؔ܎ɼ

    ݚڀධՁ΁ͷԠ༻ɼಛఆͷࣝผࢠͷࢀরঢ়گɼಛఆͷݚڀ෼໺Ͱͷࢀরঢ়گɼ ֶज़จݙΛࢀর͍ͯ͠Δϖʔδͷಛ௃ n ࠷ॳظͷݚڀ Nielsen [4] 2007೥4݄࣌఺Ͱͷӳޠ൛ͷ෼ੳ • ίϯςϯπͷ࣭ʹؔ͢Δ໰୊ҙ͔ࣝΒɼίϯςϯπͷ࣭Λؒ઀తʹ ୲อɾ޲্ͤ͞ΔͨΊͷ৘ใݯͱֶͯ͠ज़จݙͷࢀরهड़ʹண໨ͨ͠ • Wikipedia্Ͱࢀর͞Ε͍ͯΔֶज़จݙͱɼͦͷऩ࿥ࡶࢽͷIFͱͷؔ܎ IF͕ߴ͍ࡶࢽͷܝࡌ࿦จͱࢀরͷ͞Ε΍͢͞: ͋·Γ૬͕ؔݟΒΕͳ͍ ࡶࢽͷܝࡌ࿦จ਺ͱࢀরͷ͞Ε΍͢͞: ૬͕ؔΈΒΕΔ n ઌߦݚڀͷେ෦෼͸ࢀর͞Ε͍ͯΔֶज़จݙࣗମʹண໨ • ࢀরهड़Λ௥Ճ͢Δฤू΍ฤूऀʹؔ͢Δ෼ੳࣄྫ͸ݟ౰ͨΒͳ͍ • ͜ͷΑ͏ͳ෼ੳΛߦ͏ʹ͸ࢀরهड़ͷॳग़࣌఺ͷಛఆ͕ඞਢ ؔ࿈ݚڀ Wikipedia্ͷֶज़จݙͷࢀরهड़ͷ෼ੳ 17
  18. ख๏ ઌߦݚڀ ৘ใݯ நग़ର৅ ॳग़࣌఺ͷಛఆ (1) ΢ΟΩ ςΩετ΍ ֎෦ϦϯΫ Λ࢖༻

    Nielsen [4] ΢ΟΩςΩετ ग़యςϯϓϨʔτ × TeplitskiyΒ [5] ΢ΟΩςΩετ ग़యهड़ɼDOIɼॻࢽهड़ × ࠤ౻Β [6] ֎෦ϦϯΫ PubMedɼCiNii Articlesɼ ػؔϦϙδτϦͷίϯςϯπ × KikkawaΒ [2] ֎෦ϦϯΫ DOIϦϯΫ × Halfaker [7] ΢ΟΩςΩετ DOIɼPubMedɼISSNɼ arXivɼISSNͷࣝผࢠ ˚ (2) ΢Σϒ ݕࡧΛ࢖༻ Thelwall [8] ΢Σϒݕࡧ ॻࢽهड़ × Kousha & Thelwall [9] Pooladian & Borrego [10] (3) ͦͷଞ Lin & Fenner [11] PLOS ALM - × ຊ࿦จ ݚڀ՝୊1 ֎෦ϦϯΫ DOIϦϯΫ ˚ ݚڀ՝୊2 ΢ΟΩςΩετ <ref>λάɼग़యςϯϓϨʔτɼ จݙλΠτϧɼࣝผࢠ ˓ ද: ઌߦݚڀʹ͓͚Δࢀরهड़ͷಛఆख๏ͱɼຊ࿦จͰͷఏҊख๏ͷ֓ཁ ˚ ౰֘هड़Λ௥Ճͨ͠ฤूऀͷಛఆͰ͋Γɼ౰֘จݙͷࢀরهड़ࣗମΛ৽ن௥Ճͨ͠ฤूऀͷಛఆͰ͸ͳ͍ ˓ ౰֘จݙͷࢀরهड़ࣗମΛ৽ن௥Ճͨ͠ฤूऀͷಛఆͰ͋Δ ˞ݚڀ՝୊ɼʹؔ࿈͢Δཁૉ ؔ࿈ݚڀ Wikipedia্ͷֶज़จݙͷࢀরهड़ͷಛఆख๏ (1) 18
  19. ؔ࿈ݚڀ Wikipedia্ͷֶज़จݙͷࢀরهड़ͷಛఆख๏ (2) ઌߦݚڀ ৘ใݯ நग़ର৅ ॳग़࣌఺ͷಛఆ Halfaker [7] ΢ΟΩςΩετ

    DOIɼPubMedɼISSNɼ arXivɼISSNͷࣝผࢠ ˚ ຊ࿦จͰͷఏҊख๏ ݚڀ՝୊1 ֎෦ϦϯΫ DOIϦϯΫ ˚ ݚڀ՝୊2 ΢ΟΩςΩετ <ref>λάɼग़యςϯϓϨʔτɼ จݙλΠτϧɼࣝผࢠ ˓ • ݚڀ՝୊1Ͱ͸ɼDOIϦϯΫΛର৅ʹॳग़࣌఺Λಛఆ͢Δ • ݚڀ՝୊2:Ͱ͸ɼࣝผࢠͱจݙλΠτϧΛ༻͍ͯॳग़࣌఺Λಛఆ͢Δ • ઌߦݚڀͱͷҧ͍ ᶃ ॳग़࣌఺ͷಛఆʹ༻͍Δख͕͔Γ΍ख๏͕ҟͳΔ ᶄ ಛఆޙͷ݁ՌΛ࢖༻ͨ͠෼ੳΛߦ͏఺͕ҟͳΔ ˚ ౰֘هड़Λ௥Ճͨ͠ฤूऀͷಛఆͰ͋Γɼ౰֘จݙͷࢀরهड़ࣗମΛ৽ن௥Ճͨ͠ฤूऀͷಛఆͰ͸ͳ͍ ˓ ౰֘จݙͷࢀরهड़ࣗମΛ৽ن௥Ճͨ͠ฤूऀͷಛఆͰ͋Δ 19 ࣝผࢠ (PubMedɼDOIɼISBNɼarXivɼISSN) ͕ɼͲͷ࣌఺ͷฤूͰ௥Ճ͞Ε͔ͨ → ඞͣ͠΋ࢀরهड़ͷॳग़࣌఺Ͱ͸ͳ͍ɽࢀরهड़ͷॳग़࣌఺ͷಛఆਫ਼౓͸ෆ໌
  20. ؔ࿈ݚڀ Wikipediaͷ࣋ଓՄೳੑ ˞ݚڀ՝୊ʹؔ࿈͢Δཁૉ 676 American Behavioral Scientist 57(5) Figure 2.

    The English Wikipedia’s editor decline. The number of active, registered editors (≥5 edits per month) is plotted over time. WikipediaશମͰͷฤूճ਺΍ฤूऀ਺ͷ৳ͼ೰Έ • Wikipedia͸ෆಛఆଟ਺ͷڠಇΛ௨ͯ͡ฤࢊ͞ΕΔඦՊࣄయͰ͋ΔͨΊ ίϯςϯπͷܧଓతͳൃలʹ͸ฤूऀͷߩݙ͕ෆՄܽͰ͋Δ • ӳޠ൛ͷฤूऀͷن໛2007೥3݄ʹϐʔΫɼҎ߱͸ݮগ·ͨ͸ԣ͹͍[1] ਤ: HalfakerΒ [1] ʹΑΔӳޠ൛ͷฤूऀ਺ (ฤूճ਺/݄≧5) ͷ࣌ܥྻਪҠ ֶज़จݙͷࢀরهड़ͷ௥Ճʹ΋৳ͼ೰Έ͸ݟΒΕΔͷ͔ • ࢀরهड़ͷ௥Ճʹ΋ฤूऀͷܧଓతͳߩݙ͕ෆՄܽͰ͋Γɼ ࣋ଓՄೳੑͷ໰୊͕ةዧ͞ΕΔͨΊɼಈ޲Λ໌Β͔ʹ͢Δ͜ͱ͸ॏཁ • ͋Δݚڀ෼໺ʹؔ͢ΔҰఆͷઐ໳ੑ΍஌͕ࣝඞཁͰ͋Δͱߟ͑ΒΕΔ ˠ ઐ໳Ո΍ߴ౳ڭҭػؔͷ׆ಈ͕ӨڹΛٴ΅͍ͯ͠ΔՄೳੑ 20
  21. ˞ݚڀ՝୊ʹؔ࿈͢Δཁૉ n ߴ౳ڭҭػؔͱ࿈ܞͨ͠େن໛ͳฤू׆ಈWiki Education [12] • Wiki EducationࡒஂͷֶੜϓϩάϥϜͰ͸2010೥Ҏ߱ɼ 3,600ͷतۀΛ௨ͯ͡7ສਓҎ্ͷֶੜ͕9ສ݅ͷϖʔδΛฤू •

    ઐ໳஌ࣝΛϖʔδͷ಺༰ʹ൓ө + ίϯςϯπͷ࣭ͷ޲্Λଅਐ n ͦͷଞҩֶɾҩྍ෼໺ͷઐ໳ՈʹΑΔϖʔδͷฤूಈ޲ [13] • ҩֶɾҩྍ෼໺ͷઐ໳ՈΛؚΉϝϯόʔͰߏ੒͞Εɼಉ෼໺ͷϖʔδͷ ௐࠪ΍ฤूΛߦͳ͏ίϛϡχςΟ WikiProject Medicine ʹඥ෇͚ΒΕͨ ϖʔδΛର৅ʹௐࠪΛ࣮ࢪ • ฤूऀͷن໛: 1೥ؒͷฤूճ਺͕1ճҎ্ɼ250ճҎ্ͷฤूऀͱ΋ʹ 2008೥͔Β2013೥·Ͱʹ೥ʑݮগ͍ͯ͠Δ (ӳޠ൛Ͱ͸5೥ؒͰ40%ݮ) ؔ࿈ݚڀ ઐ໳Ո΍ߴ౳ڭҭػؔʹΑΔWikipediaͷฤू 21 ಛఆ෼໺ͷઐ໳Ո΍େֶੜʹΑΔฤू׆ಈ͕ࢀরهड़ͷ௥Ճʹ͓͚Δ ࣋ଓՄೳੑʹӨڹΛ༩͍͑ͯΔ͜ͱ͕ߟ͑ΒΕΔ ˠ ݚڀ՝୊3Ͱ͸Wiki EducationͷӨڹʹ͍ͭͯ΋ѻ͏
  22. 3. %0*ϦϯΫΛ௥Ճ͢Δ ฤूͱฤूऀͷ෼ੳ ͜ͷষ͸ɼ࣍ͷݪஶ࿦จΛجʹͨ͠಺༰Ͱ͋Δ: • ٢઒࣍࿠; ߴٱխੜ; ๕৊ౙथ: ʮDOIϦϯΫʹجͮ͘Wikipedia্ͷࢀরهड़ʹ͓͚Δฤूऀͷ ෼ੳʯ,

    ৘ใ஌ֶࣝձࢽ, Vol. 30, No. 1, pp. 21–41, 2020. https://doi.org/10.2964/jsik_2020_004. ݚڀ՝୊1 22
  23. RQ1-1 %0*ϦϯΫΛ༻ֶ͍ͨज़จݙͷࢀরهड़͸ɼͲΕ͚ͩͷ ฤूऀʹΑͬͯ௥Ճ͞Ε͍ͯΔͷ͔ %0*ϦϯΫʹج͖ͮɼݚڀ෼໺͕ಛఆՄೳͳֶज़จݙͱͯ͠ɼ ͲΕ͚ͩͷࢀরهड़ΛऔಘՄೳ͔ %0*ϦϯΫͱฤूऀʹؔ͢Δঢ়گ RQ1-2 ֤ݚڀ෼໺ʹ͓͚Δฤूऀ͝ͱͷ௥Ճ݅਺ͷภΓ͓Αͼ઎༗౓ RQ1-3 ݚڀ෼໺͝ͱʹɼฤूऀ͝ͱͷ%0*ϦϯΫͷ௥Ճ݅਺ʹ͸ɼ

    ͲΕ͘Β͍ͷภΓ͕͋Δͷ͔ %0*ϦϯΫͷ௥Ճ͸ɼҰ෦ͷฤूऀ͕઎༗͍ͯ͠Δͷ͔ ͦΕͱ΋ɼଟ਺ͷฤूऀʹΑͬͯগͣͭ͠௥Ճ͞Ε͍ͯΔͷ͔ RQ1-4 %0*ϦϯΫΛ௥Ճ͢Δฤूͱࢀরهड़ࣗମΛ৽ن௥Ճ͢Δ ฤूͷؔ܎ RQ1-5 %0*ϦϯΫͷॳग़࣌఺ͱࢀরهड़ͷॳग़࣌఺͸ɼ ͲΕ͚ͩҰக͢Δͷ͔ ݚڀ՝୊1ʹ͓͚ΔRQ 23
  24. n ӳޠ൛ͷඪ४໊લۭؒͷϖʔδͰࢀর͞Ε͍ͯΔDOIϦϯΫ ͷ͏ͪɼҎԼͷ͢΂ͯͷ৚݅Λຬͨ͢΋ͷ • ৚݅1 2017೥3݄1೔·Ͱʹ௥Ճ͞Εɼಉ೔࣌఺Ͱࢀর͞Ε͍ͯΔ • ৚݅2 ݚڀ෼໺͕ಛఆՄೳͳֶज़จݙͰ͋Δ –

    ొ࿥ػ͕ؔCrossrefɼ͔ͭɼESI (InCites Essential Science Indicators) ʹ͓͚Δ22ͷݚڀ෼໺ (ESI෼ྨ) ͕ಛఆՄೳͳࡶࢽʹܝࡌͷֶज़จݙ n ্هͷDOIϦϯΫΛ౰֘ϖʔδʹॳΊͯ௥Ճͨ͠ฤूऀ 3.2 ର৅ɾํ๏ Mayumi, Kozo; Solomon, Barry D.; Chang, Jason (2005). "The ecological and consumption themes of the films of Hayao Miyazaki". Ecological Economics. 54: 1–7. doi:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2005.03.012. ᶃ ᶄ <ref> {{cite journal | doi = 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2005.03.012 | title = The ecological and consumption themes of the films of Hayao Miyazaki | year = 2005 | author = Mayumi, Kozo; Solomon, Barry D.; Chang, Jason | journal = Ecological Economics | volume = 54 | pages = 1–7 }} </ref> ᶃ ᶄ (A) DOI ϦϯΫΛ൐͏ֶज़จݙͷࢀরهड़ Mayumi, Kozo; Solomon, Barry D.; Chang, Jason (2005). "The ecological and consumption themes of the films of Hayao Miyazaki". Ecological Economics. 54: 1–7. doi:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2005.03.012. ᶃ ᶄ <ref> {{cite journal | doi = 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2005.03.012 | title = The ecological and consumption themes of the films of Hayao Miyazaki | year = 2005 | author = Mayumi, Kozo; Solomon, Barry D.; Chang, Jason | journal = Ecological Economics | volume = 54 | pages = 1–7 }} </ref> ᶃ ᶄ (B) ग़యςϯϓϨʔτΛ༻͍ͨهड़ ਤ 3.1 DOI ϦϯΫΛ൐͏ֶज़จݙͷࢀরهड़ͱग़యςϯϓϨʔτͷྫ Εͨ͜ͱ͕໌Β͔ʹͳͬͨͨΊͰ͋Δɽ͜ΕΒͷࢀরهड़͸຋༁Λߦͬͨฤूऀ͕ಠࣗ " %0*ϦϯΫΛ൐͏ֶज़จݙͷࢀরهड़ # ग़యςϯϓϨʔτΛ༻͍ͨهड़ ਤ%0*ϦϯΫΛ൐͏ֶज़จݙͷࢀরهड़ͱग़యςϯϓϨʔτͷྫ ର৅ɾํ๏ (1) 24
  25. n ӳޠ൛Λର৅ͱ͢Δཧ༝ • ࠷େͷݴޠ൛ͰɼDOIϦϯΫΛ൐͏ࢀরهड़ͷ݅਺͕ଟ͍ͨΊ • ೔ຊޠ൛΍தࠃޠ൛ͷDOIϦϯΫͷେ෦෼͸ӳޠ൛ͷϖʔδͷ຋༁Λ ௨ͯ͡ίϐʔ͞Εͨ΋ͷͰ͋Δ͜ͱ͕໌Β͔ʹͳ͍ͬͯΔ [2] ͨΊ n

    DOIϦϯΫͷऔಘͱॳग़࣌఺ͷಛఆ • 2017೥3݄࣌఺Ͱͷӳޠ൛ͷμϯϓσʔλΛ༻͍ͯඪ४໊લ্ۭؒͷ DOIϦϯΫͱ౰֘هड़ΛؚΉϖʔδͷ৘ใΛऔಘ͢Δ • DOIϦϯΫΛؚΉϖʔδΛର৅ʹฤूཤྺΛશ݅औಘ͠ɼͦΕͧΕͷ ฤू࣌఺Ͱࢀর͞Ε͍ͯΔϋΠύʔϦϯΫ܈͔ΒDOIϦϯΫΛநग़ → ֤DOIϦϯΫͷॳग़࣌఺ɼฤूऀɼฤू೔࣌Λऔಘ͢Δ n ݚڀ෼໺ͷಛఆ • ESI Master Journal List͔ΒISSNͱESI෼ྨ (ݚڀ෼໺) ͷϖΞΛऔಘ • DOIଆͷϝλσʔλʹج͖ͮɼֶज़จݙʹ֘౰͢Δ΋ͷʹର৅Λݶఆ + ISSNʹΑΔESI෼ྨͷর߹ (ֶ֤ज़จݙʹ1෼໺͔Β3෼໺͕ରԠ) ର৅ɾํ๏ (2) 25
  26. ର৅ɾํ๏ (3) n ฤूऀͷछผͷ൑ఆ • छྨͷछผΛઃఆ͠ɼݸʑͷฤूऀͷछผΛ൑ఆ͢Δ User ϩάΠϯฤूऀͷ͏ͪɼਓؒͰ͋Δऀ Bot ϩάΠϯฤूऀͷ͏ͪɼਓؒҎ֎

    ˞ಛఆͷฤू࡞ۀΛػցత͔ͭࣗಈతʹ࣮ߦ͢Δऀ IP ඇϩάΠϯฤूऀ ˞ฤूཤྺͰ͸*1ΞυϨε͕هࡌ͞ΕΔ • UserͱBotΛ෼ੳର৅ͱ͢Δ – *1ʹؔͯ͠͸*1ΞυϨε͕ҟͳΔ৔߹͸͢΂ͯҟͳΔฤूऀͱͯ͠ ѻ͓ͬͯΓɼಉҰਓ෺ʹΑΔฤूͷಛఆ͕ࠔ೉Ͱ͋ΔͨΊআ֎͢Δ 26
  27. ର৅ɾํ๏ (4) 1. %0*ϦϯΫͱฤूऀʹؔ͢Δঢ়گ جૅతͳूܭ 2. ֤ݚڀ෼໺ʹ͓͚Δฤूऀ͝ͱͷ௥Ճ݅਺ͷภΓ͓Αͼ઎༗౓ – ෼෍શମͷภΓͷ෼ੳ (δχ܎਺)

    – ͋Δ෼໺Ͱͷ௥Ճ݅਺ͷ্Ґ໊ɼ্Ґ໊͕౰֘෼໺શମʹ ઎ΊΔׂ߹Λ༻͍ͨ෼ੳɼ্ҐͷฤूऀͷإͿΕʹண໨ͨ͠෼ੳ 3. %0*ϦϯΫΛ௥Ճ͢Δฤूͱࢀরهड़ࣗମΛ৽ن௥Ճ͢Δ ฤूͷؔ܎ – DOIϦϯΫͷॳग़࣌఺ͱ౰֘จݙͷࢀরهड़ͷ৽ن௥Ճ࣌఺͕ ಉҰͰ͋Δ͔൱͔Λௐࠪ (αϯϓϧ਺͸֤෼໺50݅ͣͭ) – DOIϦϯΫͷॳग़࣌఺ͷ௚લͷ൛ʹɼ౰֘จݙΛࣔ͢ࢀরهड़͕ طʹଘࡏ͢Δ͔൱͔Λ໨ࢹͰ֬ೝ → DOIϦϯΫͷॳग़࣌఺ͱ ౰֘จݙͷࢀরهड़ͷ৽ن௥Ճ࣌఺͕ಉҰͰ͋Δׂ߹Λਪܭ 27
  28. • ෼໺શମͰ͸181,162݅ͷϖʔδ͔Βࢀর͞Ε͍ͯΔɼ Ԇ΂926,803݅ɼҟͳΓ611,524݅ͷࢀরهड़ΛऔಘՄೳ • ฤूऀͷҟͳΓ਺: User͸34,062ɼBot͸31ɼIP͸16,349 926,803݅ͷ͏ͪ67.8%͸Userɼ28.6%͸Botɼ3.7%͸IPʹΑΔ௥Ճ RQ1-1 %0*ϦϯΫΛ༻ֶ͍ͨज़จݙͷࢀরهड़͸ɼ ͲΕ͚ͩͷฤूऀʹΑͬͯ௥Ճ͞Ε͍ͯΔͷ͔

    RQ1-2 ओͳ݁Ռͱߟ࡯ (1) %0*ϦϯΫͱฤूऀʹؔ͢Δঢ়گ 28 %0*ϦϯΫʹج͖ͮɼݚڀ෼໺͕ಛఆՄೳͳֶज़จݙ ͱͯ͠ɼͲΕ͚ͩͷࢀরهड़ΛऔಘՄೳ͔
  29. 1. ௥Ճ݅਺͕࠷ଟͷฤूऀ͸Rjwilmsi • શ෼໺ʹؔ༩͠ɼશମͷ໿5෼ͷ1 (171,414݅) Λ୯ಠͰ௥Ճ • ฤू࡞ۀΛ൒ࣗಈԽ͢ΔͨΊͷπʔϧ (AutoWikiBrowser) Λ࢖༻

    • 92.2% (158,068݅) ͸ಉπʔϧΛ࢖༻ͯ͠௥Ճͨ͠΋ͷ • BotͰ͸ͳ͍͕ɼػցతͳࢀরهड़ͷमਖ਼΍DOIϦϯΫͷ௥ՃΛߦ͏ 2. طଘͷࢀরهड़ʹରͯ͠ػցతʹDOIϦϯΫΛ෇Ճ͢ΔBot • Citation botɼDexbotɼDOI botɼCitation bot 1ͳͲ 3. ࢀরهड़ࣗମͷ৽ن௥Ճͱಉ࣌ʹDOIϦϯΫΛ௥Ճ͢ΔBot • ProteinBoxBot ώτͷҨ఻ࢠʹؔ͢Δ਺ઍ݅ͷϖʔδΛࣗಈ࡞੒͠ɼ ࡉ๔ੜ෺ֶɾ෼ࢠੜ෺ֶ෼໺ͷֶज़จݙͷࢀরهड़Λ௥Ճ • ProteinBoxBotʹΑΔ௥Ճͷ͏ͪ 94.6% (57,266݅) ͸ॳ൛ͷฤू → طଘͷࢀরهड़ʹର͢Δमਖ਼΍ิهͰ͸ͳ͘ɼࢀরهड़ࣗମͷ ৽ن௥Ճͱಉ࣌ʹDOIϦϯΫΛ௥Ճ͍ͯ͠Δ ओͳ݁Ռͱߟ࡯ (2) ௥Ճ݅਺͕ಛʹଟ͍ฤूऀ 29
  30. • δχ܎਺͸શମͰ0.93ɼ֤෼໺ͷฏۉ͸0.85 → શମͱͯ͠ภΓ͕େ͖͘ɼଟ͘ͷ෼໺ͰͦΕͧΕภΓ͕େ͖͍ • ઎༗౓: ୯ಠͷಉҰฤूऀ͕5෼ͷ1ఔ౓Λ઎༗ (Rjwilmsi) • ௥Ճ݅਺͕1ҐͷฤूऀͷإͿΕ

    - 17෼໺ͰRjwilmsi,2෼໺ͰProteinBoxBot - ଞͷ3෼໺: Citation bot, RJHall, MaterialScientist RQ1-3 ݚڀ෼໺͝ͱʹɼฤूऀ͝ͱͷ%0*ϦϯΫͷ௥Ճ݅਺ʹ͸ɼ ͲΕ͘Β͍ͷภΓ͕͋Δͷ͔ %0*ϦϯΫͷ௥Ճ͸ɼҰ෦ͷฤूऀ͕઎༗͍ͯ͠Δͷ͔ ͦΕͱ΋ɼଟ਺ͷฤूऀʹΑͬͯগͣͭ͠௥Ճ͞Ε͍ͯΔͷ͔ RQ1-4 ओͳ݁Ռͱߟ࡯ (3) ฤूऀ͝ͱͷ௥Ճ݅਺ͷภΓ͓Αͼ઎༗౓ 30 Ұ෦ͷฤूऀ͕઎༗ ଟ͘ͷ෼໺Ͱগ਺͔ͭಛఆͷฤूऀʹ େ͖͘ґଘ͍ͯ͠Δ ˡ طଘͷࢀরهड़΁ͷ%0*ϦϯΫͷ෇ՃΛ େن໛͔ͭػցతʹ࣮ߦ͢ΔฤूऀʹΑΔӨڹͱղऍͰ͖Δ
  31. RQ1-5 %0*ϦϯΫͷॳग़࣌఺ͱࢀরهड़ͷॳग़࣌఺͸ɼͲΕ͚ͩҰக͢Δͷ͔ No. ESI෼ྨ ˝ ݅਺ 95%৴པ۠ؒ No. ESI෼ྨ ˝

    ݅਺ 95%৴པ۠ؒ 1 ଟྖҬՊֶ 27 0.54 ± 0.14 12 ܦࡁֶɾϏδωε 17 0.34 ± 0.14 2 ෼ࢠੜ෺ֶɾҨ఻ֶ 26 0.52 ± 0.14 13 ੜ෺ֶɾੜԽֶ 17 0.34 ± 0.14 3 ࡐྉՊֶ 26 0.52 ± 0.14 14 ਫ਼ਆֶɾ৺ཧֶ 16 0.32 ± 0.13 4 ఱମՊֶ 24 0.48 ± 0.14 15 ೶ֶ 16 0.32 ± 0.13 5 ޻ֶ 21 0.42 ± 0.14 16 ໔Ӹֶ 15 0.30 ± 0.13 6 ࣾձՊֶҰൠ 20 0.40 ± 0.14 17 Խֶ 15 0.30 ± 0.13 7 ಈ২෺ֶ 20 0.40 ± 0.14 18 ؀ڥɾΤίϩδʔ 14 0.28 ± 0.13 8 ༀֶɾಟ෺ֶ 19 0.38 ± 0.14 19 ਺ֶ 14 0.28 ± 0.13 9 ஍ٿՊֶ 19 0.38 ± 0.14 20 ਆܦՊֶɾߦಈՊֶ 13 0.26 ± 0.13 10 ෺ཧֶ 19 0.38 ± 0.14 21 ܭࢉՊֶ 12 0.24 ± 0.12 11 ඍੜ෺ֶ 18 0.36 ± 0.14 22 ྟচҩֶ 10 0.20 ± 0.12 දαϯϓϧௐࠪʹ͓͍ͯɼ%0*ϦϯΫͷॳग़࣌఺ͱ౰֘จݙͷࢀরهड़ͷ৽ن௥Ճ࣌఺͕ ಉҰͰ͋Δ݅਺ɼ৴པ۠ؒͷਪܭ஋ DOIϦϯΫͷॳग़࣌఺ͱ౰֘จݙͷࢀরهड़ͷॳग़࣌఺͕ಉҰͰ͋Δׂ߹͕ • ࠷΋ߴ͍෼໺͸ଟྖҬՊֶ (0.54±0.14) ໿ׂ͔Βׂऑ • ࠷΋௿͍෼໺͸ྟচҩֶ (0.20±0.12) ׂऑ͔Β໿ׂఔ౓ ˠ ຊষͷఏҊख๏Ͱ͸ࢀরهड़ࣗମͷ৽ن௥Ճͷਫ਼៛ͳಛఆ͸೉͍͠ ओͳ݁Ռͱߟ࡯ (4) %0*ϦϯΫͷॳग़࣌఺ͱࢀরهड़ͷॳग़࣌఺ 31
  32. 4. ֶज़จݙͷࢀরهड़Λ ௥Ճ͢Δฤूͷಛఆख๏ ͜ͷষ͸ɼ࣍ͷݪஶ࿦จΛجʹͨ͠಺༰Ͱ͋Δ: • ٢઒࣍࿠; ߴٱխੜ; ๕৊ౙथ: ʮWikipediaʹֶज़จݙͷࢀরهड़Λ௥Ճ͢Δฤूͷಛఆख๏ʯ, ৘ใ஌ֶࣝձࢽ,

    Vol. 30, No. 3, pp. 370–389, 2020. https://doi.org/10.2964/jsik_2020_033. ݚڀ՝୊2 32
  33. • ݚڀ՝୊1 (3ষ) Λ௨ͯ͡%0*ϦϯΫͷॳग़࣌఺Λಛఆ͢Δ ख๏Ͱ͸ࢀরهड़ࣗମΛ৽ن௥Ճ͢Δฤू͓Αͼͦͷ ฤूऀΛਫ਼៛ʹଊ͑Δ͜ͱ͕೉͍͜͠ͱ͕໌Β͔ʹͳͬͨ • ݚڀ՝୊ ষ Ͱ͸ࣝผࢠͱจݙλΠτϧΛ༻͍ͨෳ਺ͷ

    ख๏ʹΑΓࢀরهड़ࣗମͷॳग़࣌఺Λಛఆ͢ΔͨΊͷ ํ๏࿦Λߏஙͨ͠͏͑Ͱɼਫ਼౓ͷධՁΛߦ͏ 4ষͷഎܠͱ໨త 33
  34. RQ2-1 ࣝผࢠ·ͨ͸จݙλΠτϧΛ༻͍ͨͦΕͧΕͷख๏୯ମ ʹΑΓɼͲΕ͚ͩͷਫ਼౓Ͱॳग़࣌఺ΛಛఆͰ͖Δͷ͔ ·ͨɼͲͷख๏ͷਫ਼౓͕࠷΋ߴ͍ͷ͔ ख๏୯ମͰͷਫ਼౓ ෳ਺ͷख๏Λ૊Έ߹Θͤͨͱ͖ͷਫ਼౓ RQ2-2 ෳ਺ͷख๏Λ૊Έ߹Θͤͨ৔߹ɼͲΕ͚ͩͷਫ਼౓Ͱ ॳग़࣌఺ΛಛఆͰ͖Δͷ͔ ·ͨɼ͍ͣΕ͔ͷख๏Ͱ

    ਖ਼ղͰ͖Δ݅਺ʹΑΔਫ਼౓ͱɼ࠷΋ݹ͍൛Λ࠾༻ͨ͠ ৔߹ͷਫ਼౓ʹ͸ͲΕ͚ͩͷ͕ࠩ͋Δͷ͔ RQ2-3 ݚڀ՝୊2ʹ͓͚ΔRQ 34 %0*ϦϯΫͷॳग़࣌఺Λಛఆ͢Δख๏ʹൺ΂ͯɼ ͲΕ͚ͩਫ਼౓͕޲্͢Δͷ͔
  35. ఏҊख๏͸ਤ 4.1 ɼਤ 4.2 ʹࣔ͢Α͏ʹɼ(1) جૅ৘ใσʔληοτͷߏஙɼ(2) ࢀর هड़ͷॳग़࣌఺σʔληοτͷߏங͔Β੒Δɽͳ͓ɼ͋Δ؍࡯࣌఺Ͱ࢒ଘ͢Δࢀরهड़ ͷॳग़࣌఺Λಛఆ͢ΔͨΊͷํ๏࿦Ͱ͋Γɼ࡟আࡁͷࢀরهड़͸ର৅ͱ͠ͳ͍ɽ ֶज़จݙ

    σʔλϕʔε ࢀরઌͷ൑ఆ ֶज़จݙͷ ࢀরهड़ ॻࢽ৘ใ Wikipediaͷ ςΩετ܈ ˒ จݙλΠτϧ ϖʔδ৘ใ ˎ ଞͷࣝผࢠ ˎ ࣝผࢠ جૅ৘ใ σʔληοτ ϖʔδ৘ใ ਤ 4.1 ఏҊख๏ͷ֓ཁ (1) جૅ৘ใσʔληοτͷߏங ਤ 4.2 ఏҊख๏ͷ֓ཁ (2) ࢀরهड़ͷॳग़࣌఺σʔληοτͷߏங ਤఏҊख๏ͷ֓ཁ  جૅ৘ใσʔληοτͷߏங ຊষͰͷධՁ࣮ݧ • جૅ৘ใσʔληοτͱͯ͠%0*ϦϯΫͷॳग़࣌఺σʔληοτʹ Ұ෦ͷࣝผࢠͷσʔλΛ௥Ճऔಘͨ͠΋ͷΛ࢖༻͢Δ → DOI Suffix, PubMed (PMID, PMCID), Bibcode, alternative idΛ௥Ճऔಘ ର৅ɾํ๏ (1) جૅ৘ใσʔληοτͷߏங 35
  36. ਤఏҊख๏ͷ֓ཁ  ࢀরهड़ͷॳग़࣌఺σʔληοτͷߏங 1. ख๏A, B, CʹΑΓॳग़࣌఺ީิA, B, CΛऔಘ͢Δ 2.

    ॳग़࣌఺ީิͷ͏ͪฤू೔͕࣌࠷ݹͷ΋ͷΛॳग़࣌఺ͱ͢Δ ਤ 4.1 ఏҊख๏ͷ֓ཁ (1) جૅ৘ใσʔληοτͷߏங Wikipediaͷ μϯϓσʔλ جૅ৘ใ σʔληοτ ϖʔδ৘ใ ʹΑΔর߹ ˎ ख๏" ˒ ख๏# ˒ ख๏$ ˎ ख๏" ˒ ख๏# ˒ ख๏$ ˎ ख๏" ˒ ख๏# ˒ ख๏$ ˎ ॳग़࣌఺ ީิ" ˒ ॳग़࣌఺ ީิ# ˒ ॳग़࣌఺ ީิ$ ൛ ൛ ൛ ॳग़࣌఺ ౰֘ϖʔδͷฤू ཤྺɼຊจσʔλ ܈ͷऔಘ ˎ ࣝผࢠ ˒ จݙλΠτϧ ॳग़࣌఺ σʔληοτ ਤ 4.2 ఏҊख๏ͷ֓ཁ (2) ࢀরهड़ͷॳग़࣌఺σʔληοτͷߏங ·ͣɼ(1) Ͱ͸ɼ೚ҙͷݴޠ൛ʹ͓͍ͯɼͲͷϖʔδ͔ΒɼͲͷֶज़จݙ͕ࢀর͞Εͯ ͍Δ͔Λࣔ͢جૅ৘ใσʔληοτΛߏங͢Δɽ͜ͷৄࡉ͸ 4.2.2 અͰࣔ͢ɽ ࣍ʹɼ(2) Ͱ͸ɼಉσʔληοτ͔Βϖʔδ৘ใΛநग़͠ɼશฤूཤྺ͓Αͼ֤ฤू࣌ ఺ͰͷϖʔδຊจΛؚΉμϯϓσʔλͱͷর߹ʹΑͬͯฤूཤྺͱຊจσʔλ܈Λऔಘ ͢Δɽͦͷޙɼجૅ৘ใσʔληοτ͔ΒจݙλΠτϧͱࣝผࢠΛநग़͠ɼຊจσʔλ ܈ʹରͯ͜͠ΕΒͷख͕͔ΓΛ༻͍ͨख๏ AɼBɼC Λద༻͢Δ͜ͱͰॳग़࣌఺ީิ Aɼ ର৅ɾํ๏ (2) ࢀরهड़ͷॳग़࣌఺σʔληοτͷߏஙखॱ 36
  37. n ख๏" ॳग़࣌఺ީิ" • ϖʔδຊจ͕ಛఆର৅ͷֶज़จݙͷࣝผࢠͷ͍ͣΕ͔ΛؚΉ൛ ͷ͏ͪɼฤू೔͕࣌࠷ݹͷ΋ͷΛऔಘ n ख๏# ॳग़࣌఺ީิ# •

    ϖʔδຊจ͕ಛఆର৅ͷֶज़จݙͷจݙλΠτϧͷશମ·ͨ͸ ઌ಄8୯ޠΛؚΉ൛ͷ͏ͪɼฤू೔͕࣌࠷ݹͷ΋ͷΛऔಘ n ख๏$ ॳग़࣌఺ީิ$ • ࢀরهड़ʹ͓͚ΔจݙλΠτϧ*ͱಛఆର৅ͷֶज़จݙͷจݙ λΠτϧʹ͓͚Δจࣈྻؒͷྨࣅ౓είΞ**͕೚ҙͷᮢ஋ҎԼ Ͱ͋Δ൛ͷ͏ͪɼฤू೔͕࣌࠷ݹͷ΋ͷΛऔಘ * ग़యςϯϓϨʔτ಺ͷtitle͔ParsCitͷղੳ݁ՌͰͷtitleΛ࢖༻͢Δ ** จݙλΠτϧؒͷϨʔϕϯγϡλΠϯڑ཭ (ฤूڑ཭) Λจࣈྻ௕Ͱ আࢉͨ͠஋Λ࢖༻͢Δ (จࣈྻ௕͕ҟͳΔ৔߹͸௕͍΄͏Λ࢖༻) ର৅ɾํ๏ (3) ॳग़࣌఺ީิͷऔಘʹ࢖༻͢Δख๏ͷઆ໌ 37
  38. n ख๏"࢖༻͢Δࣝผࢠ • DOI໊, DOI Suffix, PubMed (PMID, PMCID), Bibcode,

    alternative id ˠ ϖʔδຊจ͕͜ΕΒͷࣝผࢠͷ͍ͣΕ͔ΛؚΉ൛ͷ͏ͪɼ ฤू೔͕࣌࠷ݹͷ΋ͷΛऔಘ n ख๏#ઌ಄୯ޠ਺8ͷઃఆ • Wʹ1͔Β10·Ͱͷ஋Λઃఆͯ͠ਫ਼౓Λௐࠪͨ݁͠Ռ͔ΒW=5ͱͨ͠ ˠ ϖʔδຊจ͕ಛఆର৅ͷֶज़จݙͷจݙλΠτϧͷશମ·ͨ͸ ઌ಄୯ޠΛؚΉ൛ͷ͏ͪɼฤू೔͕࣌࠷ݹͷ΋ͷΛऔಘ͢Δ n ख๏$ྨࣅ౓είΞͷᮢ஋ͷઃఆ • ྨࣅ౓είΞͷᮢ஋ͱͯ͠0͔Β1·Ͱͷ஋Λ0.05ࠁΈͰઃఆ͠ɼ ͦΕͧΕͷ৚݅Ͱͷਫ਼౓Λௐࠪͨ݁͠Ռ͔Βᮢ஋Λ0.20ʹઃఆͨ͠ ˠ ϖʔδຊจதʹؚ·ΕΔࢀরهड़ʹ͓͚ΔจݙλΠτϧͱಛఆର৅ͷ ֶज़จݙͷจݙλΠτϧʹ͓͚Δจࣈྻؒͷྨࣅ౓είΞ͕0.20ҎԼ Ͱ͋Δ൛ͷ͏ͪɼฤू೔͕࣌࠷ݹͷ΋ͷΛऔಘ͢Δ ର৅ɾํ๏ (4) ධՁ࣮ݧʹ͓͚Δ৚݅ઃఆ 38
  39. n ࢀরهड़ͷॳग़࣌఺σʔληοτͷߏங • جૅ৘ใσʔληοτͱͯ͠DOIϦϯΫͷॳग़࣌఺σʔληοτΛ ࢖༻͢Δ (ݚڀ՝୊1Ͱߏஙͨ͠΋ͷʹલड़ͨ͠Ұ෦ͷࣝผࢠΛ௥Ճ) • 181,150݅ͷϖʔδʹ͓͚Δ926,610݅ͷֶज़จݙʹରͯ͠ɼ ख๏A, B,

    CΛద༻͢Δ͜ͱͰॳग़࣌఺ީิΛऔಘͨ͠ → ࠷ऴతʹ923,894݅ (99.7%) ͷॳग़࣌఺Λऔಘͨ͠ n ਫ਼౓ͷධՁ • ֤෼໺50݅ͷαϯϓϧΛऔಘͨ͠͏͑Ͱ౰֘จݙͷࢀরهड़ͷ ॳग़࣌఺͔൱͔ͷਖ਼ޡ൑ఆΛ࣮ࢪ → ॳग़࣌఺ީิͱͦͷ௚લͷ൛Λ໨ࢹͰൺֱ͠ɼॳग़࣌఺ީิ Ͱͷࢀরهड़͕౰֘จݙΛҰҙʹࣝผՄೳɼ͔ͭɼ௚લͷ൛ʹ ಉ༷ͷهड़͕ଘࡏ͠ͳ͍৔߹͸ਖ਼ղɼͦΕҎ֎͸ෆਖ਼ղ • ਫ਼౓͸αϯϓϧʹ͓͚Δਖ਼ղ཰ ( = ਖ਼ղ਺ / αϯϓϧ਺ * 100 ) ର৅ɾํ๏ (5) σʔληοτͷߏஙͱਫ਼౓ͷධՁ 39
  40. RQ2-1 ࣝผࢠ·ͨ͸จݙλΠτϧΛ༻͍ͨͦΕͧΕͷख๏୯ମʹΑΓɼ ͲΕ͚ͩͷਫ਼౓Ͱॳग़࣌఺ΛಛఆͰ͖Δͷ͔  ·ͨɼͲͷख๏ͷਫ਼౓͕࠷΋ߴ͍ͷ͔ ख๏Bͷਫ਼౓͕࠷΋ߴ͍ ˠ ॳग़࣌఺ʹ͓͍ͯจݙλΠτϧ͕ࣔ͞Ε͍ͯΔέʔε͕ଟ͍ ख๏Aͷਫ਼౓͕࠷΋௿͍ ˠ

    จݙλΠτϧΛؚΉطଘͷࢀরهड़ʹରͯ͠ ޙ͔Βࣝผࢠ͕෇༩͞ΕΔέʔε͕ଟ͍ ओͳ݁Ռͱߟ࡯ (1) ख๏୯ମͰͷਫ਼౓ 40 ॱҐ ख๏ ਫ਼౓ ֓ཁ 1 ख๏B 84.5 จݙλΠτϧͷશମ·ͨ͸ઌ಄8୯ޠʹΑΔর߹ 2 ख๏C 70.7 จݙλΠτϧؒͷྨࣅ౓είΞʹجͮ͘র߹ 3 ख๏A 62.9 ࣝผࢠʹΑΔর߹ ද: ख๏୯ମͰͷਫ਼౓ (%)
  41. RQ2-2 ෳ਺ͷख๏Λ૊Έ߹Θͤͨ৔߹ɼͲΕ͚ͩͷਫ਼౓Ͱॳग़࣌఺Λಛఆ Ͱ͖Δͷ͔ ·ͨɼ͍ͣΕ͔ͷख๏Ͱਖ਼ղͰ͖Δ݅਺ʹΑΔਫ਼౓ͱɼ ࠷΋ݹ͍൛Λ࠾༻ͨ͠৔߹ͷਫ਼౓ʹ͸ͲΕ͚ͩͷ͕ࠩ͋Δͷ͔ දख๏ͷ૊Έ߹Θͤผͷਫ਼౓  ਫ਼౓͕࠷΋ߴ͍૊Έ߹Θͤ͸ ʮख๏" #

    $ʯ • ਫ਼౓ͷݶք஋: 94.8%ɼ ࠷ݹͷ൛Λબ୒࣌: 93.3% • ྆ऀͷࠩ͸1.5ϙΠϯτ → ࠷ݹͷ൛Λબ୒͢Δํ๏͸ ֓Ͷଥ౰Ͱ͋Δ ※ ʮݶք஋ʯ͸૊Έ߹Θͤʹؚ·ΕΔ͍ͣΕ͔ͷख๏Ͱ ॳग़࣌఺ͷಛఆʹ੒ޭ͢Δέʔεʹجͮ͘ਫ਼౓ ※ ʮ࠷ݹͷ൛Λબ୒࣌ʯ͸ఏҊख๏Ͱͷਫ਼౓ ※ ʮख๏A+Bʯ͸ख๏AͱBΛ૊Έ߹Θͤͨ৔߹Λࢦ͢ ૊Έ߹Θͤ ݶք஋ ࠷ݹͷ൛Λ બ୒࣌ ࠩ ख๏" # 92.5 91.3 -1.2 ख๏# $ 88.5 87.5 -1.0 ख๏" $ 83.3 82.9 -0.4 ख๏" # $ 94.8 93.3 -1.5 ओͳ݁Ռͱߟ࡯ (2) ෳ਺ͷख๏Λ૊Έ߹Θͤͨͱ͖ͷਫ਼౓ 41
  42. RQ2-3 %0*ϦϯΫͷॳग़࣌఺Λಛఆ͢Δख๏ʹൺ΂ͯɼͲΕ͚ͩਫ਼౓͕ ޲্͢Δͷ͔ ఏҊख๏෼໺ ܦࡁ ࣾձ ਫ਼ਆ ໔Ӹ ෼ࢠ ಈ২

    ඍੜ ੜ෺ ྟচ ༀֶ ೶ֶ ຊষ 94 90 98 96 96 94 92 90 98 96 94 ষ %0*ϦϯΫ 34 40 32 30 52 40 36 34 20 38 32 ఏҊख๏෼໺ ଟྖ ਆܦ ؀ڥ Խֶ ஍ٿ ఱମ ਺ֶ ࡐྉ ෺ཧ ޻ֶ ܭࢉ ຊষ 96 94 98 86 94 92 90 94 84 90 96 ষ %0*ϦϯΫ 54 26 28 30 38 48 28 52 38 42 24 දຊষͰͷఏҊख๏ͱষͰͷఏҊख๏ʹ͓͚Δਫ਼౓ͷൺֱ  ෼໺શମͰͷਫ਼౓ ຊষ 93.3% 3ষ %0*ϦϯΫ 36.2% ˞෼໺໊͸&4*෼ྨͷઌ಄จࣈ ओͳ݁Ռͱߟ࡯ (3) ෳ਺ͷख๏Λ૊Έ߹Θͤͨͱ͖ͷਫ਼౓ 42 ݸผͷ෼໺Ͱͷਫ਼౓ 20෼໺Ͱ90%Ҏ্ ࢒Δ2෼໺Ͱ΋80%Ҏ্ ˠ ෼໺Λ໰Θͣ֓Ͷߴ͍ਫ਼౓Ͱॳग़࣌఺ΛಛఆՄೳͰ͋Δ 57.1ϙΠϯτ޲্
  43. 5. ֶज़จݙͷࢀরهड़ͷ ௥Ճʹؔ͢Δ࣌ܥྻ෼ੳ 43 ͜ͷষ͸ɼ࣍ͷݪஶ࿦จΛجʹͨ͠಺༰Ͱ͋Δ: • ٢઒࣍࿠; ߴٱխੜ; ๕৊ౙथ: ʮWikipedia্ͷֶज़จݙͷࢀরهड़ͷ௥Ճʹؔ͢Δ࣌ܥྻ෼ੳʯ,

    ৘ใ஌ֶࣝձࢽ, Vol. 31, No. 1, 2021. https://doi.org/10.2964/jsik_2020_037. ͳ͓ɼ͜ͷষͷ಺༰ͷҰ෦͸Wiki EducationࡒஂʹΑΔϒϩάهࣄͰ঺հ͞Ε͍ͯΔ: • Davis, LiAnna: “Research quantifies student editors’ impact on Wikipedia’s scholarly references – Wiki Education”, 2020. https://wikiedu.org/blog/2020/11/17/research-quantifies-student-editors- impact-on-wikipedias-scholarly-references/ ݚڀ՝୊3
  44. • ݚڀ՝୊1 (3ষ) Λ௨ͯ͡DOIϦϯΫͷॳग़࣌఺Λಛఆ͢Δ ख๏Ͱ͸ࢀরهड़ࣗମΛ৽ن௥Ճ͢Δฤू͓Αͼͦͷฤूऀ Λਫ਼៛ʹଊ͑Δ͜ͱ͸೉͍͠఺͕໌Β͔ʹͳͬͨ • ݚڀ՝୊2 (4ষ) Ͱ͸ࢀরهड़ࣗମͷॳग़࣌఺Λಛఆ͢Δͨ

    Ίͷํ๏࿦Λߏங͠ɼਫ਼౓ͷධՁΛߦͬͨɽ ݁Ռɼ෼໺શମͰ͸93.3% 20෼໺Ͱ90%Ҏ্ɼ࢒Δ2෼໺ Ͱ΋80%Ҏ্ ͷਫ਼౓Ͱॳग़࣌఺ΛಛఆͰ͖Δ͜ͱΛࣔͨ͠ • ݚڀ՝୊3 (5ষ) Ͱ͸ࢀরهड़ͷॳग़࣌఺σʔληοτΛ ର৅ͱͨ࣌͠ܥྻ෼ੳʹΑΓɼࢀরهड़ͷ௥Ճʹ͓͚Δ ࣋ଓՄೳੑΛ໌Β͔ʹ͢Δ ·ͨɼࢀরهड़ͷ௥Ճʹ͓͚Δ࣋ଓՄೳੑ΍ίϯςϯπ΁ͷ Өڹͷݕ౼ͷͨΊʹλΠϜϥάʹண໨ͨ͠෼ੳΛߦ͏ 5ষͷഎܠͱ໨త 44
  45. RQ3-1 ࢀরهड़ͷ௥Ճ݅਺ɼฤूऀͷҟͳΓ਺͸ɼͲͷΑ͏ʹਪҠ͍ͯ͠Δͷ͔ ࢀরهड़ͷ௥Ճʹ͓͚Δฤूऀ਺ͷਪҠʹ͸ɼ8JLJQFEJBશମͱಉ༷ͷ ৳ͼ೰Έ͕ݟΒΕΔͷ͔ ΋͠ɼݟΒΕͳ͍৔߹ɼͲͷΑ͏ͳཁҼ͕ ߟ͑ΒΕΔͷ͔ ࣌ܥྻਪҠͱͦͷಛ௃ RQ3-2 ৽نࢀՃঢ়گ͓Αͼؔ༩݄਺ͱͦͷಛ௃ RQ3-3

    ࢀরهड़ͷ௥Ճʹ͓͚Δ৽نࢀՃऀ਺͸ɼͲͷΑ͏ʹਪҠ͍ͯ͠Δͷ͔  ·ͨɼ8JLJQFEJBશମͱൺֱͨ͠৔߹ɼಛ௃͸ҟͳΔͷ͔ ௕ظతʹࢀরهड़ͷ௥ՃΛߦ͏ऀ͕ଟ͍ͷ͔ ͦΕͱ΋ɼ୹ظతʹߦ͏ऀ͕ ଟ͍ͷ͔ ·ͨɼ8JLJQFEJBશମͷฤूͱൺֱͨ͠৔߹ɼಛ௃͸ҟͳΔͷ͔ ৽نࢀՃऀͷؔ༩݄਺͸ɼ৽نࢀՃͷ࣌ظʹΑͬͯҟͳΔͷ͔ ·ͨɼࢀরهड़ͷ௥Ճͱ8JLJQFEJBશମͷฤूͰಛ௃͸ҟͳΔͷ͔ RQ3-4 RQ3-5 ݚڀ՝୊3ʹ͓͚ΔRQ 45 λΠϜϥάʹؔ͢Δಛ௃ RQ3-6 ࢀরهड़ͷ௥Ճ͔Β%0*ϦϯΫͷ௥Ճ·Ͱɼϖʔδͷ࡞੒͔Βࢀরهड़%0* ϦϯΫͷ௥Ճ·Ͱʹ͸ɼͲΕ͚ͩͷλΠϜϥά͕͋Δͷ͔ ·ͨɼॳظ͔Β ޙ೥ʹͳΔʹͭΕͯλΠϜϥάʹಛ௃ͷҧ͍͸ݟΒΕΔͷ͔
  46. ର৅ɾํ๏ (1) 46 ࣌ܥྻਪҠͱͦͷಛ௃ɼ৽نࢀՃঢ়گ͓Αͼؔ༩݄਺ͱͦͷಛ௃ n ࢀরهड़Λ௥Ճ͢Δฤू͓Αͼͦͷฤूऀ • ݚڀ՝୊2Ͱߏஙͨ͠σʔληοτ͔Βऔಘ • େֶͷतۀΛ௨ͯ͡ࢀরهड़Λ௥Ճ͢Δऀͷಛఆ

    + Өڹͷ෼ੳ → Wiki EducationʹΑΔେֶͰͷतۀΛ௨ͨ͡ฤूऀ (Wiki EducationࢀՃऀ) n ӳޠ൛શମͷฤू͓Αͼͦͷฤूऀ • WikipediaͷμϯϓσʔλΛ༻͍ͯऔಘ ※ 2017೥2݄·ͰͷΞΫςΟϏςΟΛର৅ͱ͢Δ ※ ݚڀ՝୊1ͱಉ༷ʹฤूऀͷछผ (User, Bot, IP) Λ൑ఆ͠ɼUserͷΈʹ ର৅Λݶఆ͢Δ (ਓؒͷฤूऀʹΑΔࢀরهड़ͷ௥Ճ/ฤूΛ෼ੳ͢Δ) ࢀরهड़ͷ௥Ճ ӳޠ൛શମͷฤू ฤूऀ ฤूऀͷ ࢀরهड़ͷ ׂ߹ ฤूऀͷ ฤूճ਺ͷ ׂ߹ ͷछผ ҟͳΓ਺ Ԇ΂਺ (%) ҟͳΓ਺ Ԇ΂਺ (%) User 74,446 738,369 79.9 6,432,691 311,863,204 61.9 ද: ෼ੳର৅ͷجૅσʔλ
  47. ର৅ɾํ๏ (2) λΠϜϥάʹؔ͢Δಛ௃ 47 n ॳग़࣌఺͓Αͼ࡞੒೔࣌ͷऔಘ • %0*ϦϯΫͷॳग़࣌఺ ˠ ݚڀ՝୊Ͱߏஙͨ͠σʔληοτ͔Βऔಘ

    • ࢀরهड़ͷॳग़࣌఺ ˠ ݚڀ՝୊Ͱߏஙͨ͠σʔληοτ͔Βऔಘ • ϖʔδͷ࡞੒࣌఺ ˠ WikipediaͷAPIΛ࢖༻ͯ͠औಘ n λΠϜϥάͷࢉग़ • ࢀরهड़ͷ௥Ճ͔Β%0*ϦϯΫͷ௥Ճ·Ͱͷ࣌ࠩ ˠ %0*ϦϯΫͷॳग़࣌఺͔Βࢀরهड़ͷॳग़࣌఺·Ͱͷ೔਺Λࢉग़ • ϖʔδͷ࡞੒͔Βࢀরهड़%0*ϦϯΫͷ௥Ճ·Ͱͷ࣌ࠩ ˠ ϖʔδͷ࡞੒࣌఺͔Βࢀরهड़%0*ϦϯΫͷॳग़࣌఺·Ͱͷ೔਺Λࢉग़ ※ ೔਺͕0೔ͷ৔߹: • 0೔ (ಉ࣌) ͱ 0೔ (ಉ࣌Ҏ֎) ʹ෼͚Δ ※ ͦΕҎ֎ͷ৔߹: 1ϲ݄Λ30೔ɼ1೥Λ365೔ͱͯ͠׵ࢉͷ͏͑Ͱɼ • 1ϲ݄ະຬɼ1ϲ݄Ҏ্6ϲ݄ະຬɼ6ϲ݄Ҏ্1೥ະຬɼ1೥Ҏ্3೥ະຬɼ 3೥Ҏ্5೥ະຬɼ5೥Ҏ্ ʹ෼͚ͯूܭ͠ɼ෼෍Λ؍࡯ɾ෼ੳ͢Δ ˞͢΂ͯͷछผͷฤूऀΛର৅
  48. ओͳ݁Ռͱߟ࡯ (1) ӳޠ൛શମͰͷฤूऀ਺ͷਪҠ 48 A ฤूճ਺݄  B 㱡 ฤूճ਺݄

    㱡  C 㱡 ฤूճ਺݄ ฤूऀͷҟͳΓ਺ A B C ਤ: ฤूճ਺/݄ʹΑΔ৚݅ผͰͷฤूऀ਺ͷ1ϲ݄͝ͱͷਪҠ ˞UserͷΈ Early Growth Decline ӳޠ൛શମͰͷฤूऀ਺͸ɼ͍ͣΕ΋܈΋GrowthͰେ͖͘৳ͼͨޙɼ DeclineͰݮগ·ͨ͸ԣ͹͍ʹస͡Δ
  49. ਤ: ௥Ճ݅਺/݄ʹΑΔ৚݅ผͰͷฤूऀ਺ͷ1ϲ݄͝ͱͷਪҠ ˞UserͷΈ ओͳ݁Ռͱߟ࡯ (2-1) ࢀরهड़ͷ௥Ճʹ͓͚Δฤूऀ਺ͷਪҠ 49 ฤूऀͷҟͳΓ਺ D ௥Ճ݅਺݄

     E 㱡 ௥Ճ݅਺݄ 㱡  F 㱡 ௥Ճ݅਺݄ G Wiki EducationࢀՃऀ Early Growth Decline ࢀরهड़ͷ௥Ճʹ͓͚Δฤूऀ਺ͷਪҠͰ͸ɼ͍ͣΕͷ܈Ͱ΋ 2011೥Ҏ߱ʹ࠷େ஋ΛऔΔ + ೥ؒͷਪҠʹݦஶͳى෬͕ݟΒΕΔ D E F G
  50. ਤ: ௥Ճ݅਺/݄ʹΑΔ৚݅ผͰͷฤूऀͷਪҠ ˞UserͷΈɼ͔ͭɼ2011೥1݄Ҏ߱ͷΈ • 2011೥Ҏ߱͸4݄ͱ11݄ʹฤूऀ͕ଟ͘ͳΔ܏޲ • 2012೥Ҏ߱͸Wiki EducationࢀՃऀʹ΋ಉ༷ͷ܏޲ → Wiki

    EducationࢀՃऀͷӨڹ य़ (4݄) ͱ ळ (11݄) ʹतۀΛ࣮ࢪ ਤதͷॎઢ͸ɼഁઢ͕݄ɼ࣮ઢ͕݄Λࣔ͢ ओͳ݁Ռͱߟ࡯ (2-2) ࢀরهड़ͷ௥Ճʹ͓͚Δฤूऀ਺ͷਪҠ 50 ௥Ճ݅਺݄  㱡 ௥Ճ݅਺݄ 㱡  㱡 ௥Ճ݅਺݄ Wiki EducationࢀՃऀ पظతͳಛ௃
  51. ද: 1೥͝ͱͷ৽نࢀՃऀ਺ (2005೥Ҏ߱) n ӳޠ൛શମͷฤू • 2008೥͔Β2010೥·Ͱ୯ௐݮগ • 2011೥Ҏ߱͸ݮগ·ͨ͸ԣ͹͍ n

    ࢀরهड़ͷ௥Ճ • ۙ೥ʹ͓͍ͯ΋ن໛Λҡ࣋·ͨ͸֦େ → 2008೥͔Β2010೥·Ͱ͸5,000໊ن໛ɼ 2011೥Ҏ߱͸֓Ͷ7,000໊ن໛ͰਪҠ n ࢀরهड़ͷ௥ՃͰ͸2011೥Ҏ߱΋ ৽نࢀՃऀͷن໛Λอ͍ͬͯΔ ˠ Wiki EducationࢀՃऀͷӨڹ ର৅ ࢀরهड़ͷ௥Ճ ӳޠ൛શମͷฤू ฤूऀͷ ׂ߹ ฤूऀͷ ׂ߹ ҟͳΓ਺  ҟͳΓ਺  2005೥ 1,448 1.95 131,084 2.04 2006೥ 3,943 5.30 562,439 8.74 2007೥ 5,270 7.08 749,269 11.65 2008೥ 5,260 7.07 655,975 10.20 2009೥ 5,663 7.61 612,853 9.53 2010೥ 5,441 7.31 551,279 8.57 2011೥ 7,377 9.91 551,954 8.58 2012೥ 7,492 10.06 469,153 7.29 2013೥ 7,660 10.29 472,760 7.35 2014೥ 7,142 9.59 546,794 8.50 2015೥ 7,907 10.62 517,233 8.04 2016೥ 7,762 10.43 476,653 7.41 2017೥ 986 1.32 87,496 1.36 ※ Լઢ͸࠷େ஋Λࣔ͢ ※ 2017೥͸2ϲ݄෼ͷΈͷ݁ՌΛ͍ࣔͯ͠Δ ओͳ݁Ռͱߟ࡯ (3) 1೥͝ͱͷ৽نࢀՃऀ਺ ˞UserͷΈ 51 ॳΊͯࢀরهड़Λ௥Ճͨ࣌͠ظɼॳΊͯฤूΛߦͬͨ࣌ظʹجͮ͘ूܭ݁Ռ
  52. ओͳ݁Ռͱߟ࡯ (4-1) ࢀরهड़ͷ௥Ճ͔Β%0*ϦϯΫͷ௥Ճ·Ͱͷ࣌ࠩ 52 FINAL ࢀরهड़ͷ௥Ճ͔Β%0*ϦϯΫͷ௥Ճ·ͰͷλΠϜϥά 0೔ (ಉ࣌) 0೔ (ಉ࣌Ҏ֎)

    1ϲ݄ະຬ (1೔͔Β29೔) 1ϲ݄Ҏ্6ϲ݄ະຬ (30೔͔Β179೔) 6ϲ݄Ҏ্1೥ະຬ (180೔͔Β364೔) 1೥Ҏ্3೥ະຬ (365೔͔Β1094೔) 3೥Ҏ্5೥ະຬ (1095೔͔Β1824೔) 5೥Ҏ্ (1825೔Ҏ্) 2001-2002 (n=892) 2003-2004 (n=3,985) 2005-2006 (n=38,229) 2007-2008 (n=225,966) 2009-2010 (n=146,686) 2011-2012 (n=152,720) 2013-2014 (n=158,911) 2015-2016 (n=182,271) • ॳظ͸λΠϜϥά͕௕͍܏޲ ˞ഁઢͷ໼ҹ → 2001-2002೥͸99.0%ɼ2003-2004೥͸95.5%,2005-2006೥͸49.7%͕3೥Ҏ্ • ޙ೥ʹͳΔʹͭΕͯλΠϜϥά͕୹͘ͳΔ܏޲ ※ ಛʹ2007೥Ҏ߱ 41% ˒
  53. ओͳ݁Ռͱߟ࡯ (4-2) ϖʔδͷ࡞੒͔Βࢀরهड़ͷ௥Ճ·Ͱͷ࣌ࠩ 53 FINAL ϖʔδͷ৽ن࡞੒͔Βࢀরهड़ͷ௥Ճ·ͰͷλΠϜϥά 2001-2002 (n=107,860) 2003-2004 (n=147,155)

    2005-2006 (n=169,877) 2007-2008 (n=245,484) 2009-2010 (n=76,246) 2011-2012 (n=64,814) 2013-2014 (n=57,042) 2015-2016 (n=50,995) 0೔ (ಉ࣌) 0೔ (ಉ࣌Ҏ֎) 1ϲ݄ະຬ (1೔͔Β29೔) 1ϲ݄Ҏ্6ϲ݄ະຬ (30೔͔Β179೔) 6ϲ݄Ҏ্1೥ະຬ (180೔͔Β364೔) 1೥Ҏ্3೥ະຬ (365೔͔Β1094೔) 3೥Ҏ্5೥ະຬ (1095೔͔Β1824೔) 5೥Ҏ্ (1825೔Ҏ্) • ॳظ͸λΠϜϥά͕௕͍܏޲ ˞ഁઢͷ໼ҹ → 2001-2002೥͸98.0%ɼ2003-2004೥͸89.5% ɼ2005-2006೥͸71.8%͕3೥Ҏ্ • ޙ೥ʹͳΔʹͭΕͯλΠϜϥά͕୹͘ͳΔ܏޲ ※2007-2008೥͸ProteinBoxBotͷӨڹ 46% ˒
  54. n ࣌ܥྻਪҠͱͦͷಛ௃ (RQ3-1, RQ3-2) n ৽نࢀՃঢ়گ͓Αͼؔ༩݄਺ͱͦͷಛ௃ (RQ3-3, RQ3-4, RQ3-5) ݚڀ՝୊3ͷ·ͱΊ

    RQͷݕূ (1) 54 • ࢀরهड़ͷ௥ՃͰ͸ฤूऀ਺ɼ௥Ճ݅਺ͱ΋ʹ৳ͼ೰Έ͸ݟΒΕͳ͍ • 2011೥Ҏ߱ʹ͓͚Δฤूऀ਺ͷਪҠʹ͸पظతͳ૿Ճ͕ݟΒΕΔ ຖ೥4݄ͱ11݄ʹਓ਺͕ଟ͘ͳΔ → Wiki EducationࢀՃऀͷӨڹ • ࢀরهड़ͷ௥Ճʹ͓͚Δ৽نࢀՃऀۙ೥Ͱ΋ن໛Λҡ࣋·ͨ͸֦େ → 2008೥͔Β2010೥·Ͱ͸5,000໊ن໛ɼ2011೥Ҏ߱͸֓Ͷ7,000໊ن໛ 2011೥Ҏ߱ͷن໛ͷҡ࣋ʹ͍ͭͯ͸Wiki EducationࢀՃऀͷӨڹ • ӳޠ൛શମͷฤूɼࢀরهड़ͷ௥Ճͱ΋ʹ୹ظؒͰؔ༩͠ͳ͘ͳΔ ฤूऀ͕େ෦෼Ͱ͋Δ (1ϲ݄ͷΈؔ༩͢Δऀ͕શମͷ໿4෼ͷ3) • ࢀরهड़ͷ௥ՃͰ͸৽نࢀՃऀ͕ίϯελϯτʹੜ͡ଓ͚͍ͯΔ఺͕ ӳޠ൛શମͷฤूʹ͓͚Δ܏޲ͱ͸େ͖͘ҟͳΓɼ৳ͼ೰Έ͕ੜͯ͡ ͍ͳ͍ཁҼͱͯ͠ղऍͰ͖Δ • Wiki Educationͷ׆ಈ͕ࠓޙ΋ܧଓ͢Δͱ͢Ε͹ɼ͜ͷ܏޲͸௕ظతʹ ࣋ଓ͢ΔՄೳੑ͕ߴ͍ ˠ ࢀরهड़ͷ௥Ճʹ͓͚Δ࣋ଓՄೳੑ͸ߴ͍
  55. ݚڀ՝୊3ͷ·ͱΊ RQͷݕূ (2) 55 n λΠϜϥάʹؔ͢Δಛ௃ (RQ3-6) • ࢀরهड़ͷ௥Ճ͔ΒDOIϦϯΫͷ௥Ճ·Ͱͷ࣌ࠩɼϖʔδͷ࡞੒͔Β ࢀরهड़/DOIϦϯΫͷ௥Ճ·Ͱͷ࣌ࠩʹ͸ڞ௨ͷ܏޲͕ݟΒΕͨ

    → 2006೥·Ͱͷൺֱతॳظͷ࣌ࠩ͸௕͘ɼޙ೥ʹͳΔʹͭΕͯ֓Ͷ୹͘ͳΔ • ࢀরهड़ʹର͢ΔDOIϦϯΫͷ௥Ճ • ৽ͨʹ࡞੒͞Εͨϖʔδ΁ͷࢀরهड़ͷ௥Ճ • ৽ͨʹ࡞੒͞Εͨϖʔδ΁ͷDOIϦϯΫͷ௥Ճ ΑΓਝ଎ʹ ߦΘΕΔΑ͏ʹ ͳ͍ͬͯΔ n 2007-2008೥ʹλΠϜϥά͕ٸܹʹ୹͘ͳΔ఺ͷߟ࡯ • WikipediaͷνΣοΫମ੍΁ͷ൷൑Λड͚ɼ2006೥ʹWikipediaͷڞಉ ૑࢝ऀ͕ྔ͔Β࣭΁ͷస׵Λ໨ࢦ͢ͱએݴͨ͠ [14] Өڹ͕ߟ͑ΒΕΔ • ͜ͷΑ͏ͳస׵Λ໨ࢦ͢ͳ͔Ͱɼग़య΍৘ใݯΛࣔ͢׳श͕ਁಁ͠ɼ ֶज़จݙͷࢀরهड़Λ௥Ճ͢Δಈ͖͕֦େͨ͠΋ͷͱղऍͰ͖Δ → ֶज़จݙͷࢀরهड़Λग़య΍৘ใݯͱͯࣔ͢͜͠ͱͰݕূՄೳੑΛ ߴΊɼίϯςϯπͷ࣭ͷؒ઀తͳ୲อɾ޲্Λ໨ࢦ͢ಈ͖
  56. 6. ͓ΘΓʹ 56

  57. Wikipedia্ͷֶज़จݙͷࢀরهड़Λ௥Ճ͢Δฤू͓Αͼฤूऀͷ෼ੳ Λ௨ͯ͡ࢀরهड़ͷ௥Ճʹ͓͚Δ࣋ଓՄೳੑΛ໌Β͔ʹ͢Δ͜ͱ ݁࿦ (1) 57 ຊݚڀͷ݁࿦ͱͯ͠ɼ ৽نࢀՃऀͷঢ়گ΍ɼฤूऀ਺ɾ௥Ճ݅਺ͷن໛ͱ࣌ܥྻਪҠͷ ఺͔Βɼࢀরهड़ͷ௥Ճʹ͓͚Δ࣋ଓՄೳੑ͸ߴ͍ͱߟ͑ΒΕΔ

  58. ද: ࢀরهड़ͷ௥Ճʹ͓͚Δ࣋ଓՄೳੑʹؔΘΔཁૉͱͦͷධՁ ൪߸ ߲໨ ࢀরهड़ͷ௥Ճ ӳޠ൛શମͰͷฤू ධՁ උߟ ධՁ උߟ

    1 ৽ͨͳฤूऀͷࢀՃ ☼ ೥͝ͱͷ৽نࢀՃऀ͸ɼ೥ Ҏ߱͸Ұ؏ͯ͠ ໊௒Ͱ͋Δ ☁ ೥͝ͱͷ৽نࢀՃऀ͸ɼ ೥ʹϐʔΫ ໿ສ໊ ʹୡͨ͠ ޙɼԣ͹͍·ͨ͸ݮগ܏޲Ͱ͋Δɽ 2 ฤूऀͷఆண ☂ ఆண͠ʹ͍͘ɽฤूऀͷେ෦෼  ׂ௒ ͸ؔ༩݄਺͕ҎԼͰ͋Γɼ ୹ظؒ ϲ݄Ҏ಺ Ͱ׆ಈΛ΍Ί Δऀ͕ଟ͍ɽ ☂ ఆண͠ʹ͍͘ɽฤूऀͷେ෦෼ ׂ௒ ͸ؔ༩݄਺͕ҎԼͰ͋ Γɼ୹ظؒ ϲ݄Ҏ಺ Ͱ׆ಈΛ ΍ΊΔऀ͕ଟ͍ɽ 3 ฤूऀͷن໛ ☼ ฤूऀ͸ఆண͠ʹ͍͘΋ͷͷɼ৽ ͨͳฤूऀͷࢀՃ͕ൃੜ͠ଓ͚Δ ͜ͱͰن໛Λҡ͍࣋ͯ͠Δɽ ☁ ฤूऀͷن໛͸೥݄ʹ ϐʔΫʹୡ͠ɼͦͷޙ͸ԣ͹͍· ͨ͸ݮগͷ܏޲Ͱ͋Δɽ 4 ࢀরهड़ͷ௥Ճ݅਺ɼ ฤूճ਺ ☼ ࢀরهड़ͷ௥Ճ݅਺͸೥͔Β ೥·Ͱ͸௿͍஋ͰਪҠ͠ɼ ೥͔Β೥݄·Ͱʹେ͖ ͘৳ͼΔɽͦͷޙ͸઴૿·ͨ͸ҡ ࣋ͷ܏޲͕ݟΒΕΔɽ ☁ ฤूճ਺͸ɼ೥͔Β ೥·Ͱ͸௿͍஋ͰਪҠ͠ɼ ೥͔Βେ͖͘৳ͼɼ೥݄ ʹϐʔΫʹୡ͢Δɽͦͷޙ͸ԣ͹ ͍·ͨ͸ݮগ܏޲Ͱ͋Δɽ 5 ͦͷଞ ֶज़จݙͷࢀরه ड़ͷಉఆɾࣝผ΍ɼ ֶज़จݙ΁ͷ௕ظɾ ӬଓతͳΞΫηε ☼ ػցత͔ͭେن໛ͳฤूʹΑΓطଘͷࢀরهड़ͷิ׬΍मਖ਼͕ߦΘΕΔɽ ॳग़࣌఺Ͱ%0*ϦϯΫ͕ॻ͔Ε͍ͯͳ͍৔߹΋ޙ͔Β௥Ճ͞ΕΔɽ ·ͨɼޙ೥ʹͳΔʹͭΕͯࢀরهड़ʹର͢Δ%0*ϦϯΫͷ௥Ճ΍ɼ ৽ͨʹ࡞੒͞Εͨϖʔδ΁ͷࢀরهड़%0*ϦϯΫͷ௥Ճ͕ɼ ΑΓਝ଎ʹߦΘΕΔΑ͏ʹͳ͍ͬͯΔɽ ※ ࣋ଓՄೳੑͷධՁͱͯ͠ɼ☼ ͸ϙδςΟϒͳӨڹΛ༩͑Δͱߟ͑ΒΕΔ͜ͱΛࣔ͢ɽ‘ ͸มԽͳ͠ (ݱঢ় ҡ࣋)ɼ·ͨ͸ɼ΍΍ωΨςΟϒͳӨڹΛ༩͑Δɼ’ ͸ωΨςΟϒͳӨڹΛ༩͑Δͱߟ͑ΒΕΔ͜ͱΛࣔ͢ɽ ݁࿦ (2-1) ࣋ଓੑʹؔΘΔཁૉͱͦͷධՁ 58
  59. ݁࿦ (2-2) ࣋ଓੑʹؔΘΔཁૉͱͦͷධՁ 59 ’ ฤूऀ͕ఆண͠ʹ͍͘ • ӳޠ൛શମͱಉ༷ʹ୹ظؒ 2ϲ݄Ҏ಺ Ͱؔ༩Λ΍ΊΔऀ͕େ෦෼

    ☼ ৽نࢀՃऀ (৽ͨͳฤूऀͷࢀՃ) ͕ܧଓతʹੜ͍ͯ͡Δ • 1೥͝ͱͷ৽نࢀՃऀ͸ɼ2011೥Ҏ߱͸Ұ؏ͯ͠7,000໊௒ Wiki EducationࢀՃऀʹΑΔӨڹͱߟ͑ΒΕΔ ☼ ฤूऀͷن໛Λҡ࣋Ͱ͖͍ͯΔ • ৽ͨͳฤूऀͷࢀՃ͕׆ൃʹੜ͡ɼฤूऀ͕େྔʹೖΕସΘΓͭͭ΋ɼ શମͱͯ͠͸Ұఆن໛ͷฤूऀͷҡ࣋ʹ੒ޭ͍ͯ͠Δ • Wiki EducationࢀՃऀʹΑΔ΋ͷͱߟ͑ΒΕΔपظతͳฤूऀ਺ͷ૿Ճ ☼ ࢀরهड़ͷ৽ͨͳ௥Ճ͕ൺֱత҆ఆͯ͠ߦΘΕ͍ͯΔ • ্هͷཁૉΛഎܠʹɼ৽ͨͳࢀরهड़ͷ௥Ճ͸ൺֱత҆ఆ͓ͯ͠Γɼ ӳޠ൛શମͷฤूʹݟΒΕΔΑ͏ͳݮগ܏޲ʹ͸స͍ͯ͡ͳ͍
  60. ຊݚڀͷ෼ੳͰ͸DOI໊͕ొ࿥͞Ε͓ͯΓɼ͔ͭɼESI෼ྨͱর߹ Մೳͳֶज़จݙ͕DOIϦϯΫΛ༻͍ͯࢀর͞Ε͍ͯΔέʔεʹର৅ ͕ݶఆ͞ΕΔɽ۩ମతʹ͸ɼ࣍ͷέʔε͕෼ੳର৅͔Β࿙ΕΔ 1. DOI໊͕ొ࿥͞Ε͍ͯͳֶ͍ज़จݙ 2. DOI໊͸ొ࿥͞Ε͍ͯΔ͕ESI෼ྨͱর߹Ͱ͖ͳֶ͍ज़จݙ 3. DOI໊͕ొ࿥͞Ε͓ͯΓɼ͔ͭɼESI෼ྨͱর߹Ͱ͖Δ΋ͷͷɼ DOIϦϯΫΛ༻͍ͯࢀর͞Ε͍ͯͳֶ͍ज़จݙ

    ෼ੳର৅ൣғͷݶքʹ͍ͭͯ 60 ˠ ݚڀ՝୊2ͰͷఏҊख๏͸ֶज़จݙͷࢀরهड़શൠʹద༻Մೳ %0*ϦϯΫҎ֎ͷख͕͔ΓΛ༻͍ͯجૅ৘ใσʔληοτΛ࡞੒ͷ͏͑ɼ ࢀরهड़ͷॳग़࣌఺σʔληοτΛߏஙͨ͠৔߹ʹ͸ɼ෼ੳର৅ൣғʹ ؚΊΔ͜ͱ͕ՄೳͰ͋Δ ˠ طଘͷࢀরهड़ʹޙ͔Β%0*ϦϯΫΛ෇Ճ͢Δฤू͕େن໛ ͔ͭػցతʹ࣮ߦ͞Ε͍ͯΔ఺͔Β֘౰͢Δέʔε͸গͳ͍ ෼ੳ݁Ռ΁ͷӨڹ͸খ͍͞ ͱߟ͑Δ
  61. ࢀরهड़ͷॳग़࣌఺Λಛఆ͢ΔͨΊͷख๏ͷߟҊͱɼ࣮ࡍͷ෼ੳ • ࢀরهड़ͷॳग़࣌఺ͷಛఆࣗମʹؔ͢Δ໰୊Λղফͨ͠ • ख๏ͷߟҊͱσʔληοτͷެ։ ˠ ܭྔॻࢽֶ෼໺ͳͲͰࢀরهड़ͷ ॳग़࣌఺ͷಛఆΛཁ͢Δ༷ʑͳݚڀͷ࣮ݱ΍ൃల͕ظ଴Ͱ͖Δ • ӳޠ൛શମͷฤूʹ͓͚Δ܏޲ͱͷڞ௨఺ɾ૬ҧ఺Λࣔͨ͠͏͑Ͱɼ

    ࢀরهड़ͷ௥Ճʹ͓͚Δ࣋ଓՄೳੑ͕ߴ͍ͱߟ͑ΒΕΔ͜ͱΛࣔͨ͠ Wikipedia্ͷDOIϦϯΫͷ௥Ճʹؔ͢Δಛ௃Λ໌Β͔ʹͨ͠఺ • ଟ͘ͷ෼໺Ͱগ਺͔ͭಛఆͷฤूऀʹେ͖͘ґଘ͍ͯ͠Δ఺Λࣔͨ͠ • ֶज़จݙͷࢀরهड़Λେن໛ʹಛఆՄೳ ͳͥՄೳ͔ Λ໌Β͔ʹͨ͠ • Wikipedia্ͷֶज़จݙͷࢀরঢ়گΛଊ͑Δࡍʹ%0*໊΍%0*ϦϯΫΛ ༻͍ͨಛఆΛߦ͏ଥ౰ੑ΍ऩूର৅ൣғͷ໢ཏੑ (altmetricsʹؔ͢Δ஌ݟ) Wikipedia্Ͱͷֶज़จݙ΍Ӭଓతͳࣝผࢠͷར׆༻ʹؔ͢Δ஌ݟ • ػցతͳฤूΛؚΊͨฤूऀͷߩݙΑΓ%0*ϦϯΫΛ௨ͯ͡ϫϯΫϦοΫͰ ࣮͔֬ͭ༰қʹֶज़จݙʹΞΫηεͰ͖Δ؀ڥ͕࣮ݱ͞Ε͍ͯΔ • ࢀরهड़΍%0*ϦϯΫ͕ɼΑΓਝ଎ʹ௥Ճ͞ΕΔΑ͏ʹͳ͍ͬͯΔ ˠ Wikipediaͷίϯςϯπͷ࣭ͷؒ઀తͳ୲อɾ޲্͕ظ଴Ͱ͖Δ ຊݚڀͷߩݙ 61
  62. n ୭͕ࢀরهड़Λ௥Ճ͔ͨ͠Λදࣔ͢ΔγεςϜͷ։ൃɾ࣮૷ • ࢀরهड़Λ௥Ճ͢Δฤूऀʹͱͬͯ͸ɼࣗ਎ͷߩݙͷՄࢹԽ΍ɼ Ϟνϕʔγϣϯͷҡ࣋ɾ޲্͕ظ଴Ͱ͖Δ • ଞͷฤूऀ΍Ӿཡऀʹͱͬͯ͸ϖʔδӾཡ࣌ͷࢀߟ৘ใͱͯ͠໾ཱͭ n ෼໺͝ͱͷࢀরهड़ͷ௥Ճ࣮੷ʹجͮ͘ΤΩεύʔτਪન •

    Wikipediaͷίϯςϯπͷ࣭ΛߴΊΔ͏͑Ͱ໾ʹཱͭ ݚڀ෼໺͝ͱͷࢀরهड़ͷ௥Ճ࣮੷ʹج͍ͮͯɼઐ໳ੑ΍஌ࣝΛ༗͢Δ Մೳੑͷ͋ΔฤूऀΛਪન͠ɼࠪಡґཔΛߦ͏͜ͱ͕Ͱ͖Δ • ग़య΍৘ใݯͷ֦ॆʹΑΔݕূՄೳੑͷ޲্ ཁग़యςϯϓϨʔτ͕෇༩͞ΕͨՕॴͳͲɼग़య΍৘ใݯͷఏ͕ࣔඞཁ ͳ෦෼ʹର͠ɼઐ໳ੑ΍஌ࣝΛ༗͢ΔՄೳੑͷ͋ΔฤूऀʹڠྗΛڼ͙ ຊݚڀͰͷ੒ՌͷԠ༻ 62
  63. n ॳग़࣌఺ͷಛఆ • ଟݴޠ൛ରԠ ݴޠ൛Λ໰Θͣద༻Մೳͳํ๏࿦͔ ӳޠ൛Ҏ֎΁ͷద༻ɼ࠷దԽ • ΑΓ޿ൣͳֶज़తίϯςϯπ΁ͷରԠ ֶज़ॻɼݚڀσʔλͳͲ΁ͷద༻ ࣮ݧ৚݅΍ࢀরઌͷ൑ఆʹ༻͍Δ

    ֎෦σʔλϕʔεͷݕ౼ɼํ๏࿦ͷద༻ɼਫ਼౓ͷධՁΛߦ͏ඞཁ͕͋Δ n ฤूऀͷ෼ੳ • ฤूऀͱݚڀ෼໺ͷؔΘΓɼฤूऀͷઐ໳ੑ΍஌ࣝ ෳ਺෼໺ͷࢀরهड़Λ௥Ճ͢Δऀ͸ɼͲͷΑ͏ͳ෼໺Λର৅ʹ௥Ճ͢Δͷ͔ n ֶज़จݙͷੜ࢈ঢ়گ΍ݚڀಈ޲ͱͷؔ܎ • ֤෼໺ͷֶज़ݚڀͰϗοτͳτϐοΫͷWikipedia্Ͱͷࢀরঢ়گ Wikipedia্ͷࢀরهड़͸ֶज़ݚڀͷτϨϯυΛͲΕ͚ͩ൓ө͍ͯ͠Δͷ͔ n ࣌ܥྻ෼ੳ • কདྷతͳਪҠͷ༧ଌ΍ɼ෼໺ผͷ࣌ܥྻਪҠͷ෼ੳ ࠓޙͷ՝୊ 63
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    John: “The Rise and Decline of an Open Collaboration System: How Wikipedia’s Reaction to Popularity Is Causing Its Decline”, American Behavioral Scientist, Vol. 57, No. 5, pp. 664-688, 2013. https://doi.org/10.1177/0002764212469365. [2] Kikkawa, Jiro; Takaku, Masao; Yoshikane, Fuyuki: “DOI Links on Wikipedia”, Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Asia-Pacific Digital Libraries (ICADL 2016), pp. 369-380, 2016. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-49304-6_40. [3] Halfaker, Aaron; Taraborelli, Dario: “Research:Scholarly article citations in Wikipedia - Meta”. https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Research:Scholarly_article_citations_in_Wikipedia (2018೥10݄30೔ࢀর). [4] Nielsen, Finn Årup: “Scientific citationsin Wikipedia”, First Monday, Vol. 12, No. 8, 2007. https://doi.org/10.5210/fm.v12i8.1997. [5] Teplitskiy, Misha; Lu, Grace; Duede, Eamon: “Amplifying the impact of open access: Wikipedia and the diffusion of science”, Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology, Vol. 68, No. 9, pp. 2116-2127, 2016. https://doi.org/10.1002/asi.23687. [6] ࠤ౻ᠳ; ٢ాޫஉ; ҳଜ༟:ʮWikipedia೔ຊޠ൛͔Βͷֶज़࿦จͷҾ༻ঢ়گʯ, ೔ຊਤॻؗ৘ใ ֶձय़قݚڀूձൃද࿦จू, pp. 81-84, 2013. [7] Halfaker, Aaron: ʮmwcites · PyPIʯ. https://pypi.org/project/mwcites/ (2019೥12݄31೔ࢀর). 64 จݙϦετ (1/2) 64
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    the public? Wikipedia citations to Astronomy and Astrophysics journal articles 1996-2014”, El Profesional de la Información, Vol. 25, No. 6, pp. 893-900, 2016. https://doi.org/10.3145/epi.2016.nov.06. [9] Kousha, Kayvan; Thelwall, Mike: “Are wikipedia citations important evidence of the impact of scholarly articles and books? ”, Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology, Vol. 68, No. 3, pp. 762-779, 2017. https://doi.org/10.1002/asi.23694. [10] Pooladian, Aida; Borrego, Ángel: “Methodological issues in measuring citations in Wikipedia: a case study in Library and Information Science”, Scientometrics, Vol. 113, No. 1, pp. 455-464, 2017. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11192-017-2474-z. [11] Lin, Jennifer; Fenner, Martin: “An analysis of Wikipedia references across PLOS publications”, 2014. https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.1048991.v3 (2019೥12݄31೔ࢀর). [12] Wiki Education Foundation: “Wiki Education Dashboard”. https://dashboard.wikiedu.org/ (2020೥6݄1೔ࢀর). [13] Heilman, James M; West, Andrew G: “Wikipedia and Medicine: Quantifying Readership, Editors, and the Significance of Natural Language”, Journal of Medical Internet Research, Vol. 17, No. 3, p. e62, 2015. https://doi.org/10.2196/jmir.4069. [14] “Day 1 report of Wikimania 2006 - Wikinews, the free news source”. https://en.wikinews.org/wiki/Day_1_report_of_Wikimania_2006 (2020೥3݄3೔ࢀর). 65 จݙϦετ (2/2) 65
  66. 1. ֩ͱͳΔ࿦จ • ٢઒࣍࿠; ߴٱխੜ; ๕৊ౙथ: ʮDOIϦϯΫʹجͮ͘Wikipedia্ͷࢀরهड़ʹ͓͚Δฤूऀͷ ෼ੳʯ, ৘ใ஌ֶࣝձࢽ, Vol.

    30, No. 1, pp. 21-41, 2020. https://doi.org/10.2964/jsik_2020_004. • ٢઒࣍࿠; ߴٱխੜ; ๕৊ౙथ: ʮWikipediaʹֶज़จݙͷࢀরهड़Λ௥Ճ͢Δฤूͷಛఆख๏ʯ, ৘ใ஌ֶࣝձࢽ, Vol. 30, No. 3, pp. 370-389, 2020. https://doi.org/10.2964/jsik_2020_033. • ٢઒࣍࿠; ߴٱխੜ; ๕৊ౙथ: ʮWikipedia্ͷֶज़จݙͷࢀরهड़ͷ௥Ճʹؔ͢Δ࣌ܥྻ ෼ੳʯ, ৘ใ஌ֶࣝձࢽ, Vol. 31, No. 1, 2021 (શ17ϖʔδ). https://doi.org/10.2964/jsik_2020_037. 2. ͦͷଞͷ࿦จ (ࠪಡ͋Γ) • Kikkawa, Jiro; Takaku, Masao; Yoshikane, Fuyuki: “DOI Links on Wikipedia”, Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Asia-Pacific Digital Libraries (ICADL 2016), pp. 369–380, 2016. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-49304-6_40. 3. ຊݚڀͰߏஙͨ͠σʔληοτ (෇࿥) • ٢઒࣍࿠: ʮӳޠ൛8JLJQFEJBʹ͓͚Δֶज़จݙͷࢀরهड़ͷॳग़࣌఺σʔληοτ (Dataset of First Appears of Scholarly References on English Wikipedia) | Zenodoʯ https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4004624 (2020೥12݄9೔ࢀর). 66 ۀ੷Ϧετ 66