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「DOIリンクに基づくWikipedia上の参照記述における編集者の分析」情報知識学会 #jsik 第29回 (2021年度) 年次大会 / 20210523

「DOIリンクに基づくWikipedia上の参照記述における編集者の分析」情報知識学会 #jsik 第29回 (2021年度) 年次大会 / 20210523

・[原著論文] 吉川次郎; 高久雅生; 芳鐘冬樹: 「DOIリンクに基づくWikipedia上の参照記述における編集者の分析」, 情報知識学会誌, Vol. 30, No. 1, pp. 21-41, 2020. https://doi.org/10.2964/jsik_2020_004.
・[研究大会] 情報知識学会 第29回(2021年度)年次大会 - 情報知識学会 http://www.jsik.jp/?2021program

【所属関連】
・高久研究室 https://www.slis.tsukuba.ac.jp/takaku-lab/
・芳鐘 冬樹 http://www.slis.tsukuba.ac.jp/~yoshikane.fuyuki.gt/
・吉川次郎 | 情報循環分野 | 教員紹介 | 筑波大学 図書館情報メディア系/大学院図書館情報メディア研究科 http://www.slis.tsukuba.ac.jp/grad/research/staff_j/circulation/3483.html
・吉川 次郎 (Jiro KIKKAWA) - マイポータル - researchmap https://researchmap.jp/jir_o

218474ce206359f450e987d1b7810a81?s=128

Jiro Kikkawa

May 22, 2021
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  1. DOIϦϯΫʹجͮ͘Wikipedia্ͷ ࢀরهड़ʹ͓͚Δฤूऀͷ෼ੳ ஜ೾େֶ ਤॻؗ৘ใϝσΟΞܥ Email: { jiro, masao, fuyuki }

    !slis.tsukuba.ac.jp 2021೥5݄23೔ ೔ ৘ใ஌ֶࣝձ ୈ29ճ 2021೥౓ ೥࣍େձ 1 εϥΠυΛެ։͍ͯ͠·͢ ˠ https://speakerdeck.com/corgies/20210523 ٢઒࣍࿠ɼߴٱխੜɼ๕৊ౙथ
  2. ݚڀഎܠ (1) ֶज़৘ใྲྀ௨ͷిࢠԽͱ΢Σϒ্Ͱͷେن໛ͳࢀরɼྲྀ௨ • ओཁͳֶज़จݙσʔλϕʔεͷϨίʔυ݅਺: ਺ઍສ͔݅Β1ԯ݅௒ • ΢Σϒ্ͰΞΫηεՄೳͳӳޠͷֶज़จݙ: 1.14ԯ݅௒ •

    ֶज़Ϗοάσʔλ Scholarly Big Data ΢ΣϒΛ௨ֶͨ͡ज़৘ใج൫ͷ੔උɾීٴʹ൐͏มԽ 1. ΞΫηεϩάʹجͮ͘ఆྔతͳར༻ঢ়گͷ೺Ѳ΍෼ੳ 2. ιʔγϟϧϝσΟΞͰͷݴٴ౳ͷσʔλͷऔಘͱԠ༻ 3. ݚڀऀ΍ઐ໳ՈͳͲʹݶΒͣɼ༷ʑͳਓʑ΍ίϛϡχςΟ ʹΑΔֶज़จݙͷར׆༻ → Wikipedia͔Βͷֶज़จݙ΁ͷΞΫηε͸ͦͷͻͱͭ 2
  3. ݚڀഎܠ (2) Wikipedia͔Βͷֶज़จݙ΁ͷΞΫηε • DOI (Digital Object IdentifierɼσδλϧΦϒδΣΫτࣝผࢠ) ͷੈք࠷େ ن໛ͷొ࿥ػؔͰ͋Δ

    Crossref ͷ2015೥࣌఺ͰͷใࠂʹΑΔͱɼ Web of ScienceɼScopusͳͲͷֶज़จݙσʔλϕʔεʹ͍࣍Ͱ 5൪໨ʹΞΫηε͕ଟ͍ࢀরݩ͕Wikipedia Wikipediaͱ͸? • ୭Ͱ΋ฤूͰ͖ΔϑϦʔͷΦϯϥΠϯඦՊࣄయ • ੈքͰ5൪໨ʹΞΫηε͕ଟ͍΢ΣϒαΠτ • ෆಛఆଟ਺ͷڠಇΛ௨ͯ͡ฤࢊ͞ΕΔඦՊࣄయͱ͍͏ੑ্࣭ɼ ͦͷ಺༰͕ͲΕ͚ͩਖ਼֬Ͱ৴པͰ͖Δ͔ʹ͍ͭͯ͸ઃཱॳظ͔Β ଟ͘ͷ൷൑΍ٞ࿦͕͋Δ 3
  4. Difficulties defining LIS “The question, ‘What is library and information

    science?’ does not elicit responses লུ A multidisciplinary, interdisciplinary or monodisciplinary field? The Swedish researcher Emin Tengström (1993) [11] described cross-disciplinary research as a process, not a state or structure. লུ A more recent study revealed that 31% of the papers published in 31 LIS journals from 2007 through 2012 were by authors in academic departments of library and information science লུ , and the other natural sciences (7%) were also represented. Nearly one-quarter of the papers in the 31 journals were by practicing librarians, and 6% were by others in non-academic (e.g., corporate) positions.[13] References 1. Bates, M.J. and Maack, M.N. (eds.). (2010). Encyclopedia of Library and Information Sciences. Vol. 1-7. CRC Press, Boca Raton, USA. Also available as an electronic source. লུ 13. Walters, William H.; Wilder, Esther Isabelle (2016). "Disciplinary, national, and departmental contributions to the literature of library and information science, 2007-2012". Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology. 67 (6): 1487– 1506. doi:10.1002/asi.23448. ISSN 2330-1635. Selected books and articles Bioinformatics, computational biology, and health informatics • Geng, C., Jung, Y., Renaud, N., Honavar, V., Bonvin, A., Xue, L. (2020). iScore: A novel graph kernel-based function for scoring protein-protein docking models, Bioinformatics https://doi.org/10.1093/bioinformatics/btz496 • Khademi, A., El-Manzalawi, A., Master, L., Buxton, O., and Honavar, V. (2019). Nature and Science of Sleep. https://doi.org/10.2147/NSS.S220716. • Abbas, M., Matta, J., Le, Thanh, Bensmail, H.,Obafemi-Ajayi, T., Honavar, V., and El-Manzalawi, Y. (2019). Biomarker discovery in inflammatory bowel diseases using network-based feature selection. PLOS One https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0225382. Further reading •Åström, Fredrik (2008). "Formalizing a discipline". Journal of Documentation. 64 (5): 721–737. doi:10.1108/00220410810899736. •Bawden, David; Robinson, Lyn (20 August 2012). Introduction to Information Science. ISBN 978-1555708610. •Hjørland, Birger (2000). "Library and information science: Practice, theory, and philosophical basis". Information Processing & Management. 36 (3): 501–531. doi:10.1016/S0306-4573(99)00038-2. •Hjørland, Birger (2014). "Information Science and Its Core Concepts: Levels of Disagreement". Theories of Information, Communication and Knowledge. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science. 34. pp. 205– 235. doi:10.1007/978-94-007-6973-1_9. ISBN 978-94-007-6972-4. •Järvelin, Kalervo; Vakkari, Pertti (1993). "The evolution of library and information science 1965–1985: A content analysis of journal articles". Information Processing & Management. 29: 129– 144. doi:10.1016/0306-4573(93)90028-C. Wikipedia্ͷֶज़จݙͷࢀরهड़ͷྫ (1), (2) Library and information science - Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Library_and_information_science (3) Vasant Honavar - Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vasant_Honavar (1) (2) (3) 4
  5. ݚڀഎܠ (3) Wikipedia্Ͱֶज़จݙ͕ࢀর͞ΕΔཧ༝ • ࡾେํ਑ݕূՄೳੑɼதཱతͳ؍఺ɼಠࣗݚڀ͸ࡌͤͳ͍ • ݕূՄೳੑ ʮӾཡऀ΍ଞͷฤूऀ͕಺༰ΛݕূͰ͖ΔΑ͏৴པͰ͖Δ৘ใݯ ʹ͋ͨΓɼग़యΛ໌ه͢Δ΂͖ʯɼʮ΢ΟΩϖσΟΞͷهࣄ͸ɼ ࣄ࣮֬ೝͱਖ਼֬͞ʹ͍ͭͯఆධͷ͋Δɼ৴༻Ͱ͖Δୈࡾऀ৘ใݯ

    ʹج͍ͯॻ͘΂͖Ͱ͢ɽֶज़తͳओ୊ʹ͍ͭͯ͸ɼͳΔ΂͘ ϐΞϨϏϡʔ ࠪಡ Λܦͨ৘ใݯΛ༻͍Δ΂͖Ͱ͢ʯ 5 ( https://ja.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=WP:V ) ֶज़จݙ͸ࡾେํ਑ͱͷ૬ੑ͕ྑ͘ɼWikipediaͷίϯςϯπ ͷ࣭Λؒ઀తʹ୲อɾ޲্͠͏Δग़య΍৘ใݯͱͯ͠ػೳ͢Δ
  6. ݚڀഎܠ (4) Wikipedia্ͷࢀরهड़ʹؔ͢Δઌߦݚڀ n ༷ʑͳ؍఺Ͱͷ෼ੳ͕ߦΘΕ͍ͯΔ • ΠϯύΫτϑΝΫλʔ (IF) ΍ ΦʔϓϯΞΫηε

    (OA) ͱ ࢀরঢ়گͷؔ܎ɼ ݚڀධՁ΁ͷԠ༻ɼಛఆͷࣝผࢠͷࢀরঢ়گɼ ಛఆͷݚڀ෼໺ʹ͓͚Δࢀরঢ়گɼֶज़จݙΛࢀর͍ͯ͠Δϖʔδͷಛ௃ n ࠷ॳظͷݚڀ • WikipediaͰࢀর͞Ε͍ͯΔֶज़จݙͱɼͦͷऩ࿥ࡶࢽͷIFͱͷؔ܎ – Nielsen, Finn Årup: “Scientific citationsin Wikipedia”, First Monday, Vol. 12, No. 8, 2007. https://doi.org/10.5210/fm.v12i8.1997. n ઌߦݚڀͷେ෦෼͸ࢀর͞Ε͍ͯΔֶज़จݙࣗମʹண໨ • ࢀরهड़Λ௥Ճ͢Δฤू΍ฤूऀʹؔ͢Δ෼ੳࣄྫ͸ݟ౰ͨΒͳ͍ • ͜ͷΑ͏ͳ෼ੳΛߦ͏ʹ͸ࢀরهड़ͷॳग़࣌఺ͷಛఆ͕ඞਢ͕ͩɼ ݸʑͷࢀরهड़͕೚ҙͷϖʔδʹ௥Ճ͞Εͨ࣌఺ ॳग़࣌఺ ͷ ಛఆࣗମ͕೉͘͠ɼํ๏࿦ཱ͕֬͞Ε͍ͯͳ͍ 6
  7. ݚڀ໨త (1) 7 1. %0*ϦϯΫͱฤूऀʹؔ͢Δঢ়گ RQ1 DOIϦϯΫΛ༻ֶ͍ͨज़จݙͷࢀরهड़͸ɼ ͲΕ͚ͩͷฤूऀʹΑͬͯ௥Ճ͞Ε͍ͯΔͷ͔? RQ2 DOIϦϯΫʹج͖ͮɼݚڀ෼໺͕ಛఆՄೳͳֶज़จݙͱͯ͠ɼ

    ͲΕ͚ͩͷࢀরهड़ΛऔಘՄೳ͔? DOIϦϯΫΛ༻͍ͯWikipedia্ͷֶज़จݙͷࢀরهड़Λ ௥Ճ͢Δฤूͱฤूऀͷ෼ੳΛߦ͍ɼ࣮ଶΛ໌Β͔ʹ͢Δ
  8. ݚڀ໨త (2) 8 2. ֤ݚڀ෼໺ʹ͓͚Δฤूऀ͝ͱͷ%0*ϦϯΫͷ௥Ճ݅਺ͷ ภΓ͓Αͼґଘ౓ RQ3 ݚڀ෼໺͝ͱʹɼฤूऀ͝ͱͷDOIϦϯΫͷ௥Ճ݅਺ʹ͸ɼ ͲΕ͚ͩͷภΓ͕͋Δͷ͔? RQ4

    DOIϦϯΫͷ௥Ճ͸ɼҰ෦ͷฤूऀ͕઎༗͍ͯ͠Δͷ͔? ͦΕͱ΋ɼଟ਺ͷฤूऀʹΑͬͯগͣͭ͠௥Ճ͞Ε͍ͯΔͷ͔? + DOIϦϯΫΛ௥Ճ͢Δฤूͱɼࢀরهड़Λ৽ن௥Ճ͢Δฤूͱͷؔ܎ DOIϦϯΫΛ༻͍ͯWikipedia্ͷֶज़จݙͷࢀরهड़Λ ௥Ճ͢Δฤूͱฤूऀͷ෼ੳΛߦ͍ɼ࣮ଶΛ໌Β͔ʹ͢Δ
  9. %0*ɼ%0*ϦϯΫͱ͸ • DOI͸ɼղܾՄೳɼ࣋ଓՄೳɼ૬ޓӡ༻ՄೳͳϦϯΫΛఏڙ͢Δ ͨΊͷࠃࡍඪ४ͷࣝผࢠ (2019೥12݄࣌఺Ͱͷ૯ొ࿥݅਺͸1.9ԯ݅) • %0*໊ (ࣝผࢠͱͯ͠ͷDOI) Prefixɼεϥογϡ (/)ɼSuffix͔Βߏ੒

    • DOI໊Λ https://doi.org/ ͷ຤ඌʹՃ͑ΔͱURIͱͯ͠ػೳ͢Δ – ౰֘ίϯςϯπͷURIʹϦμΠϨΫτ͞ΕΔ – ͜ͷURIΛ௨ͨ͡ϋΠύʔϦϯΫΛຊݚڀͰ͸ %0*ϦϯΫ ͱݺͿ ྫ https://doi.org/10.2964/jsik_2020_004 → https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/jsik/30/1/30_2020_004/_article/-char/ja/ 9
  10. %0*ϦϯΫΛର৅ͱ͢Δཧ༝ 1. ӬଓతͳΞΫηε΍Ұҙͷࣝผʹ͓͚Δ໾ׂͷॏཁੑ • ίϯςϯπͷURIʹґଘ͠ͳ͍ӬଓతͳΞΫηε΍Ұҙͷࣝผ → WikipediaίϯςϯπͷݕূՄೳੑͷ޲্ɼؒ઀తͳ࣭ͷ୲อɾ޲্ 2. ݚڀ෼໺ԣஅతͳ෼ੳͱͷ૬ੑͷྑ͞ •

    ֶज़จݙͷ౥ࡌϓϥοτϑΥʔϜͰ޿͘࠾༻ → ΑΓద੾ͳ෼ੳର৅ 3. Wikipedia্Ͱͷ࢖༻ͷਪ঑ + ࣮ࡍͷࢀরঢ়گ • WikipediaͷϙϦγʔʹ͓͍ͯDOIϦϯΫͷ࢖༻͕ਪ঑͞Ε͍ͯΔ • ӳޠ൛ͰͷDOIϦϯΫͷࢀরঢ়گ 2015೥࣌఺Ͱ໿146ສ݅ * 4. ෆਖ਼֬ͳॻࢽهड़ʹର͢ΔɼΑΓ࣮֬ͳֶज़จݙ΍෼໺ͷಛఆ • DOI໊ͷهड़͕ਖ਼֬Ͱ͋Ε͹ɼDOIͷϝλσʔλ͔Β৘ใΛऔಘՄೳ 10 * Kikkawa, Jiro; Takaku, Masao; Yoshikane, Fuyuki: “DOI Links on Wikipedia”, Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Asia-Pacific Digital Libraries (ICADL 2016), pp. 369-380, 2016. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-49304-6_40.
  11. n ӳޠ൛ͷඪ४໊લۭؒͷϖʔδͰࢀর͞Ε͍ͯΔDOIϦϯΫ ͷ͏ͪɼҎԼͷ͢΂ͯͷ৚݅Λຬͨ͢΋ͷ • ৚݅1 2017೥3݄1೔·Ͱʹ௥Ճ͞Εɼಉ೔࣌఺Ͱࢀর͞Ε͍ͯΔ • ৚݅2 ݚڀ෼໺͕ಛఆՄೳͳֶज़จݙͰ͋Δ –

    ొ࿥ػ͕ؔCrossrefɼ͔ͭɼESI (InCites Essential Science Indicators) ʹ͓͚Δ22ͷݚڀ෼໺ (ESI෼ྨ) ͕ಛఆՄೳͳࡶࢽʹܝࡌͷֶज़จݙ n ্هͷDOIϦϯΫΛ౰֘ϖʔδʹॳΊͯ௥Ճͨ͠ฤूऀ 3.2 ର৅ɾํ๏ Mayumi, Kozo; Solomon, Barry D.; Chang, Jason (2005). "The ecological and consumption themes of the films of Hayao Miyazaki". Ecological Economics. 54: 1–7. doi:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2005.03.012. ᶃ ᶄ <ref> {{cite journal | doi = 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2005.03.012 | title = The ecological and consumption themes of the films of Hayao Miyazaki | year = 2005 | author = Mayumi, Kozo; Solomon, Barry D.; Chang, Jason | journal = Ecological Economics | volume = 54 | pages = 1–7 }} </ref> ᶃ ᶄ (A) DOI ϦϯΫΛ൐͏ֶज़จݙͷࢀরهड़ Mayumi, Kozo; Solomon, Barry D.; Chang, Jason (2005). "The ecological and consumption themes of the films of Hayao Miyazaki". Ecological Economics. 54: 1–7. doi:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2005.03.012. ᶃ ᶄ <ref> {{cite journal | doi = 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2005.03.012 | title = The ecological and consumption themes of the films of Hayao Miyazaki | year = 2005 | author = Mayumi, Kozo; Solomon, Barry D.; Chang, Jason | journal = Ecological Economics | volume = 54 | pages = 1–7 }} </ref> ᶃ ᶄ (B) ग़యςϯϓϨʔτΛ༻͍ͨهड़ ਤ 3.1 DOI ϦϯΫΛ൐͏ֶज़จݙͷࢀরهड़ͱग़యςϯϓϨʔτͷྫ Εͨ͜ͱ͕໌Β͔ʹͳͬͨͨΊͰ͋Δɽ͜ΕΒͷࢀরهड़͸຋༁Λߦͬͨฤूऀ͕ಠࣗ " %0*ϦϯΫΛ൐͏ֶज़จݙͷࢀরهड़ # ग़యςϯϓϨʔτΛ༻͍ͨهड़ ਤ%0*ϦϯΫΛ൐͏ֶज़จݙͷࢀরهड़ͱग़యςϯϓϨʔτͷྫ ର৅ɾํ๏ (1) 11
  12. n ӳޠ൛Λର৅ͱ͢Δཧ༝ • ࠷େͷݴޠ൛ͰɼDOIϦϯΫΛ൐͏ࢀরهड़ͷ݅਺͕ଟ͍ͨΊ • ೔ຊޠ൛΍தࠃޠ൛ͷDOIϦϯΫͷେ෦෼͸ӳޠ൛ͷϖʔδͷ຋༁Λ ௨ͯ͡ίϐʔ͞Εͨ΋ͷͰ͋Δ͜ͱ͕໌Β͔ʹͳ͍ͬͯΔͨΊ n DOIϦϯΫͷऔಘͱॳग़࣌఺ͷಛఆ •

    2017೥3݄࣌఺Ͱͷӳޠ൛ͷμϯϓσʔλΛ༻͍ͯඪ४໊લ্ۭؒͷ DOIϦϯΫͱ౰֘هड़ΛؚΉϖʔδͷ৘ใΛऔಘ͢Δ • DOIϦϯΫΛؚΉϖʔδΛର৅ʹฤूཤྺΛશ݅औಘ͠ɼͦΕͧΕͷ ฤू࣌఺Ͱࢀর͞Ε͍ͯΔϋΠύʔϦϯΫ܈͔ΒDOIϦϯΫΛநग़ → ֤DOIϦϯΫͷॳग़࣌఺ɼฤूऀɼฤू೔࣌Λऔಘ͢Δ n ݚڀ෼໺ͷಛఆ • ESI Master Journal List͔ΒISSNͱESI෼ྨ (ݚڀ෼໺) ͷϖΞΛऔಘ • DOIଆͷϝλσʔλʹج͖ͮɼֶज़จݙʹ֘౰͢Δ΋ͷʹର৅Λݶఆ + ISSNʹΑΔESI෼ྨͷর߹ (֤จݙʹ1෼໺͔Β3෼໺͕ରԠ) ର৅ɾํ๏ (2) 12
  13. ର৅ɾํ๏ (3) n ฤूऀͷछผͷ൑ఆ • छྨͷछผΛઃఆ͠ɼݸʑͷฤूऀͷछผΛ൑ఆ͢Δ User ϩάΠϯฤूऀͷ͏ͪɼਓؒͰ͋Δऀ Bot ϩάΠϯฤूऀͷ͏ͪɼਓؒҎ֎

    ˞ಛఆͷฤू࡞ۀΛػցత͔ͭࣗಈతʹ࣮ߦ͢Δऀ IP ඇϩάΠϯฤूऀ ˞ฤूཤྺͰ͸*1ΞυϨε͕هࡌ͞ΕΔ • UserͱBotΛ෼ੳର৅ͱ͢Δ – *1ʹؔͯ͠͸*1ΞυϨε͕ҟͳΔ৔߹͸͢΂ͯҟͳΔฤूऀͱͯ͠ ѻ͓ͬͯΓɼಉҰਓ෺ʹΑΔฤूͷಛఆ͕ࠔ೉Ͱ͋ΔͨΊআ֎͢Δ 13
  14. ର৅ɾํ๏ (4) 1. %0*ϦϯΫͱฤूऀʹؔ͢Δঢ়گ جૅతͳूܭ 2. ֤ݚڀ෼໺ʹ͓͚Δฤूऀ͝ͱͷ௥Ճ݅਺ͷภΓ͓Αͼ઎༗౓ – ෼෍શମͷภΓͷ෼ੳ (δχ܎਺)

    – ͋Δ෼໺Ͱͷ௥Ճ݅਺ͷ্Ґ໊ɼ্Ґ໊͕౰֘෼໺શମʹ ઎ΊΔׂ߹Λ༻͍ͨ෼ੳɼ্ҐͷฤूऀͷإͿΕʹண໨ͨ͠෼ੳ 3. %0*ϦϯΫΛ௥Ճ͢Δฤूͱࢀরهड़ࣗମΛ৽ن௥Ճ͢Δ ฤूͷؔ܎ – DOIϦϯΫͷॳग़࣌఺ͱ౰֘จݙͷࢀরهड़ͷ৽ن௥Ճ࣌఺͕ ಉҰͰ͋Δ͔൱͔Λௐࠪ (αϯϓϧ਺͸֤෼໺50݅ͣͭ) – DOIϦϯΫͷॳग़࣌఺ͷ௚લͷ൛ʹɼ౰֘จݙΛࣔ͢ࢀরهड़͕ طʹଘࡏ͢Δ͔൱͔Λ໨ࢹͰ֬ೝ → DOIϦϯΫͷॳग़࣌఺ͱ ౰֘จݙͷࢀরهड़ͷ৽ن௥Ճ࣌఺͕ಉҰͰ͋Δׂ߹Λਪܭ 14
  15. • ෼໺શମͰ͸181,162݅ͷϖʔδ͔Βࢀর͞Ε͍ͯΔɼ Ԇ΂926,803݅ɼҟͳΓ611,524݅ͷࢀরهड़ΛऔಘՄೳ • ฤूऀͷҟͳΓ਺: User͸34,062ɼBot͸31ɼIP͸16,349 926,803݅ͷ͏ͪ67.8%͸Userɼ28.6%͸Botɼ3.7%͸IPʹΑΔ௥Ճ RQ1 %0*ϦϯΫΛ༻ֶ͍ͨज़จݙͷࢀরهड़͸ɼ ͲΕ͚ͩͷฤूऀʹΑͬͯ௥Ճ͞Ε͍ͯΔͷ͔

    RQ2 ओͳ݁Ռͱߟ࡯ (1) %0*ϦϯΫͱฤूऀʹؔ͢Δঢ়گ 15 %0*ϦϯΫʹج͖ͮɼݚڀ෼໺͕ಛఆՄೳͳֶज़จݙ ͱͯ͠ɼͲΕ͚ͩͷࢀরهड़ΛऔಘՄೳ͔
  16. 1. ௥Ճ݅਺͕࠷ଟͷฤूऀ͸Rjwilmsi • શ෼໺ʹؔ༩͠ɼશମͷ໿5෼ͷ1 (171,414݅) Λ୯ಠͰ௥Ճ • ฤू࡞ۀΛ൒ࣗಈԽ͢ΔͨΊͷπʔϧ (AutoWikiBrowser) Λ࢖༻

    • 92.2% (158,068݅) ͸ಉπʔϧΛ࢖༻ͯ͠௥Ճͨ͠΋ͷ • BotͰ͸ͳ͍͕ɼػցతͳࢀরهड़ͷमਖ਼΍DOIϦϯΫͷ௥ՃΛߦ͏ 2. طଘͷࢀরهड़ʹରͯ͠ػցతʹDOIϦϯΫΛ෇Ճ͢ΔBot • Citation botɼDexbotɼDOI botɼCitation bot 1ͳͲ 3. ࢀরهड़ࣗମͷ৽ن௥Ճͱಉ࣌ʹDOIϦϯΫΛ௥Ճ͢ΔBot • ProteinBoxBot ώτͷҨ఻ࢠʹؔ͢Δ਺ઍ݅ͷϖʔδΛࣗಈ࡞੒͠ɼ ࡉ๔ੜ෺ֶɾ෼ࢠੜ෺ֶ෼໺ͷֶज़จݙͷࢀরهड़Λ௥Ճ • ProteinBoxBotʹΑΔ௥Ճͷ͏ͪ 94.6% (57,266݅) ͸ॳ൛ͷฤू → طଘͷࢀরهड़ʹର͢Δमਖ਼΍ิهͰ͸ͳ͘ɼࢀরهड़ࣗମͷ ৽ن௥Ճͱಉ࣌ʹDOIϦϯΫΛ௥Ճ͍ͯ͠Δ ओͳ݁Ռͱߟ࡯ (2) ௥Ճ݅਺͕ಛʹଟ͍ฤूऀ 16
  17. • δχ܎਺͸શମͰ0.93ɼ֤෼໺ͷฏۉ͸0.85 → શମͱͯ͠ภΓ͕େ͖͘ɼଟ͘ͷ෼໺ͰͦΕͧΕภΓ͕େ͖͍ • ઎༗౓: ୯ಠͷಉҰฤूऀ͕5෼ͷ1ఔ౓Λ઎༗ (Rjwilmsi) • ௥Ճ݅਺͕1ҐͷฤूऀͷإͿΕ

    - 17෼໺ͰRjwilmsi,2෼໺ͰProteinBoxBot - ଞͷ3෼໺: Citation bot, RJHall, MaterialScientist RQ3 ݚڀ෼໺͝ͱʹɼฤूऀ͝ͱͷ%0*ϦϯΫͷ௥Ճ݅਺ʹ͸ɼ ͲΕ͘Β͍ͷภΓ͕͋Δͷ͔ %0*ϦϯΫͷ௥Ճ͸ɼҰ෦ͷฤूऀ͕઎༗͍ͯ͠Δͷ͔ ͦΕͱ΋ɼଟ਺ͷฤूऀʹΑͬͯগͣͭ͠௥Ճ͞Ε͍ͯΔͷ͔ RQ4 ओͳ݁Ռͱߟ࡯ (3) ฤूऀ͝ͱͷ௥Ճ݅਺ͷภΓ͓Αͼ઎༗౓ 17 Ұ෦ͷฤूऀ͕઎༗ ଟ͘ͷ෼໺Ͱগ਺͔ͭಛఆͷฤूऀʹ େ͖͘ґଘ͍ͯ͠Δ ˡ طଘͷࢀরهड़΁ͷ%0*ϦϯΫͷ෇ՃΛ େن໛͔ͭػցతʹ࣮ߦ͢ΔฤूऀʹΑΔӨڹͱղऍͰ͖Δ
  18. %0*ϦϯΫͷॳग़࣌఺ͱࢀরهड़ͷॳग़࣌఺͸ɼͲΕ͚ͩҰக͢Δͷ͔ No. ESI෼ྨ ˝ ݅਺ 95%৴པ۠ؒ No. ESI෼ྨ ˝ ݅਺

    95%৴པ۠ؒ 1 ଟྖҬՊֶ 27 0.54 ± 0.14 12 ܦࡁֶɾϏδωε 17 0.34 ± 0.14 2 ෼ࢠੜ෺ֶɾҨ఻ֶ 26 0.52 ± 0.14 13 ੜ෺ֶɾੜԽֶ 17 0.34 ± 0.14 3 ࡐྉՊֶ 26 0.52 ± 0.14 14 ਫ਼ਆֶɾ৺ཧֶ 16 0.32 ± 0.13 4 ఱମՊֶ 24 0.48 ± 0.14 15 ೶ֶ 16 0.32 ± 0.13 5 ޻ֶ 21 0.42 ± 0.14 16 ໔Ӹֶ 15 0.30 ± 0.13 6 ࣾձՊֶҰൠ 20 0.40 ± 0.14 17 Խֶ 15 0.30 ± 0.13 7 ಈ২෺ֶ 20 0.40 ± 0.14 18 ؀ڥɾΤίϩδʔ 14 0.28 ± 0.13 8 ༀֶɾಟ෺ֶ 19 0.38 ± 0.14 19 ਺ֶ 14 0.28 ± 0.13 9 ஍ٿՊֶ 19 0.38 ± 0.14 20 ਆܦՊֶɾߦಈՊֶ 13 0.26 ± 0.13 10 ෺ཧֶ 19 0.38 ± 0.14 21 ܭࢉՊֶ 12 0.24 ± 0.12 11 ඍੜ෺ֶ 18 0.36 ± 0.14 22 ྟচҩֶ 10 0.20 ± 0.12 දαϯϓϧௐࠪʹ͓͍ͯɼ%0*ϦϯΫͷॳग़࣌఺ͱ౰֘จݙͷࢀরهड़ͷ৽ن௥Ճ࣌఺͕ ಉҰͰ͋Δ݅਺ɼ৴པ۠ؒͷਪܭ஋ DOIϦϯΫͷॳग़࣌఺ͱ౰֘จݙͷࢀরهड़ͷॳग़࣌఺͕ಉҰͰ͋Δׂ߹͕ • ࠷΋ߴ͍෼໺͸ଟྖҬՊֶ (0.54±0.14) ໿ׂ͔Βׂऑ • ࠷΋௿͍෼໺͸ྟচҩֶ (0.20±0.12) ׂऑ͔Β໿ׂఔ౓ ˠ ຊఏҊख๏ʹΑΔࢀরهड़ࣗମͷ৽ن௥Ճͷਫ਼៛ͳಛఆ͸೉͍͠ ओͳ݁Ռͱߟ࡯ (4) %0*ϦϯΫͷॳग़࣌఺ͱࢀরهड़ͷॳग़࣌఺ 18
  19. ݁࿦ (1) ຊݚڀͷߩݙ 19 1. ݚڀ෼໺͕ಛఆՄೳͳֶज़จݙͷࢀরهड़ͱͯ͠ɼ໿93ສ݅ͷ DOIϦϯΫ͕ӳޠ൛Wikipediaʹ௥Ճ͞Ε͍ͯΔ఺Λ໌Β͔ʹͨ͠ – Wikipediaͷฤूऀ΍Ӿཡऀ͕Ӭଓతʹɼ͔ͭɼ༰қͰ࣮֬ʹ ౰֘จݙʹ౸ୡՄೳͳ؀ڥ͕࣮ݱ͞Ε͍ͯΔ

    – DOIϦϯΫ͕ݕূՄೳੑͷ޲্ɼؒ઀తͳ࣭ͷ୲อͷͨΊʹػೳ͠͏Δ 2. DOIϦϯΫΛ௥Ճ͢Δฤूऀͷ࣮ଶ: ฤूऀͷن໛ɼฤूऀ͝ͱͷ ௥Ճ݅਺ͷภΓ΍઎༗౓Λ໌Β͔ʹͨ͠ – ୯ಠͷಉҰฤूऀ͕ࢀরهड़Λ઎༗͍ͯ͠Δ + ଟ͘ͷ෼໺ʹ͓͍ͯ DOIϦϯΫͷ௥Ճ͕গ਺͔ͭಛఆͷฤूऀʹେ͖͘ґଘ͍ͯ͠Δ – ͦͷཁҼ: େن໛͔ͭػցతͳDOIϦϯΫͷ௥ՃΛߦ͏Bot΍Ұ෦ͷUser 3. Wikipedia্ͰͷDOIϦϯΫͷ௥ՃΛऔΓר͘؀ڥΛ໌Β͔ʹͨ͠ – ࢀরهड़ͷ৽ن௥Ճ࣌఺Ͱ͸%0*ϦϯΫ͕هड़͞Ε͍ͯͳ͍৔߹Ͱ΋ɼ େن໛͔ͭػցతͳฤूΛߦ͏ฤूऀʹΑͬͯ%0*ϦϯΫ͕௥Ճ͞ΕΔ
  20. ݁࿦ (2) ຊݚڀʹ͓͚Δख๏ͷݶք఺ 20 • DOIϦϯΫͷ௥Ճ ≠ ࢀরهड़ࣗମͷ৽ن௥Ճ – ࢀরهड़ͷ৽ن௥Ճ࣌఺Ͱ͸%0*ϦϯΫ͕هड़͞Ε͍ͯͳ͍৔߹Ͱ΋ɼ

    େن໛͔ͭػցతͳฤूΛߦ͏ฤूऀʹΑͬͯ%0*ϦϯΫ͕௥Ճ͞ΕΔ – ࢀরهड़ࣗମͷ৽ن௥Ճͱ͸ҟͳΔ࿮૊ΈʹΑͬͯDOIϦϯΫ͕௥Ճ ͞Ε͍ͯΔͱߟ͑ΒΕΔ ɾDOIϦϯΫ͕௥Ճ͞Εͨ࣌఺Λ௥੻͢Δํ๏Ͱ͸ɺͦΕͧΕͷϖʔδͰ ࢀরهड़ͷ৽ن௥Ճ͕ɺ͍ͭɺ୭ʹΑͬͯߦΘΕ͔ͨͷಛఆ͸೉͍͠ ɾDOIϦϯΫͷ௥Ճͱࢀরهड़ࣗମͷ৽ن௥ՃͰ͸ɼฤूऀͷإͿΕ΍ ௥Ճ݅਺ͷ෼෍͕େ͖͘ҟͳΔͱߟ͑ΒΕΔ • ࠓޙͷ՝୊ – %0*ϦϯΫҎ֎ΛؚΉॻࢽཁૉΛख͕͔Γͱͯ͠࢖༻͠ɼ ࢀরهड़ࣗମͷॳग़࣌఺Λߴ͍ਫ਼౓Ͱಛఆ͢Δख๏ͷߏங͕ඞཁͰ͋Δ
  21. 21 ࣝผࢠ͓ΑͼจݙλΠτϧΛ༻͍ͨෳ਺ͷख๏ʹΑͬͯ ࢀরهड़ࣗମͷॳग़࣌఺Λಛఆ͢ΔͨΊͷํ๏࿦Λߏங ͨ͠͏͑Ͱɼਫ਼౓ͷධՁΛߦͬͨ ӳޠ൛WikipediaͷDOIϦϯΫͷॳग़࣌఺σʔληοτΛ جʹධՁ࣮ݧΛߦͬͨ݁Ռɼਫ਼౓͸શମͰ93.3%ɼ 22෼໺த20෼໺Ͱ90%Ҏ্Ͱ͋Γɼݚڀ෼໺Λ໰Θͣ ֓Ͷߴ͍ਫ਼౓Ͱࢀরهड़ͷॳग़࣌఺ΛಛఆͰ͖Δख๏ Ͱ͋Δ͜ͱΛ໌Β͔ʹͨ͠ ͦͷޙͷݚڀͷਐల

    (1) ֶज़จݙͷࢀরهड़Λ௥Ճ͢Δฤूͷಛఆख๏ͷߏங 21 ٢઒࣍࿠; ߴٱխੜ; ๕৊ౙथ: ʮWikipediaʹֶज़จݙͷࢀরهड़Λ ௥Ճ͢Δฤूͷಛఆख๏ʯ, ৘ใ஌ֶࣝձࢽ, Vol. 30, No. 3, pp. 370–389, 2020. https://doi.org/10.2964/jsik_2020_033. ੒Ռ ֓ཁ
  22. 22 ͦͷޙͷݚڀͷਐల (2) ֶज़จݙͷࢀরهड़ͷ௥Ճʹؔ͢Δ࣌ܥྻ෼ੳ 22 ٢઒࣍࿠; ߴٱխੜ; ๕৊ౙथ: ʮWikipedia্ͷֶज़จݙͷࢀরهड़ ͷ௥Ճʹؔ͢Δ࣌ܥྻ෼ੳʯ,

    ৘ใ஌ֶࣝձࢽ, Vol. 31, No. 1, 2021. https://doi.org/10.2964/jsik_2020_037. લεϥΠυͰͷํ๏࿦Λద༻͢Δ͜ͱͰߏஙͨ͠ӳޠ൛ͷ ࢀরهड़ͷॳग़࣌఺σʔληοτΛର৅ʹ࣌ܥྻ෼ੳΛ࣮ࢪ ɾࢀরهड़ͷ௥Ճ͸ۙ೥ʹ͓͍ͯ΋Ұఆͷن໛Λҡ͍࣋ͯ͠Δ ɾࢀরهड़Λ௥Ճ͢Δฤूऀ͸ɼ2011೥Ҏ߱͸ຖ೥4݄ͱ11݄ʹ ଟ͍఺Ͱपظతͳಛ௃͕͋Δ → େֶͷतۀΛ௨ͨ͡ WikiEducationࢀՃऀʹΑΔӨڹ͕ڍ͛ΒΕɼ ࠓޙ΋͜ͷ׆ಈ͕ܧଓ͢Δͱ͢Ε͹ɼ࣋ଓՄೳੑ͸ߴ͍ ੒Ռ ֓ཁ
  23. 23 ͜ͷ࿦จͷ಺༰͸ɼWiki EducationࡒஂͷϒϩάهࣄͰ঺հ͞Ε͍ͯ·͢: https://wikiedu.org/blog/2020/11/17/research-quantifies-student-editors-impact- on-wikipedias-scholarly-references/

  24. 24 ͦͷޙͷݚڀͷਐల (3) ത࢜࿦จ 24 – ෆಛఆଟ਺ͷฤूऀ͕ෳ਺ͷฤूλεΫΛߦ͍ͬͯΔͨΊ λΠϜϥάʹؔ͢Δಛ௃ • ࢀরهड़ͷ௥Ճ͔Β%0*ϦϯΫͷ௥Ճ·Ͱͷ࣌

    • ϖʔδͷ࡞੒͔Βࢀরهड़%0*ϦϯΫͷ௥Ճ ਤ: ࿦จͷߏ੒ ࿦จͷߏ੒ 15 3ষ DOIϦϯΫΛ௥Ճ͢Δฤूͱ ฤूऀͷ෼ੳ (ݚڀ՝୊1) DOIϦϯΫͷॳग़࣌఺ͷಛఆͱ ͦͷ෼ੳ 2ষ ؔ࿈ݚڀ ࢀরهड़ͷॳग़࣌఺ͷಛఆͱ ͦͷ෼ੳ 1ষ ͸͡Ίʹ 6ষ ͓ΘΓʹ 4ষ ֶज़จݙͷࢀরهड़Λ௥Ճ͢Δ ฤूͷಛఆ (ݚڀ՝୊2) 5ষ ֶज़จݙͷࢀরهड़ͷ௥Ճʹ ؔ͢Δ࣌ܥྻ෼ੳ (ݚڀ՝୊3) 2. ؔ࿈ݚڀ ・Wikipediaʹ͓͚Δֶज़จݙͷࢀরهड़ʹؔ͢Δݚڀ (ത࢜࿦จ࠷ऴൃදձࢿྉ) / 20201223 - Speaker Deck https://speakerdeck.com/corgies/20201223 ࡢ೥౓຤ʹ ത࢜ ਤॻؗ৘ใֶ Λऔಘ͠ɼஜ೾େֶਤॻؗ৘ใϝσΟΞܥʹब৬ ࠷ۙ͸ɼࢀরهड़ͷॳग़࣌఺σʔληοτʹؔ͢Δσʔλ࿦จͷ౤ߘΛߦͬͨ΄͔ɼ ৽ͨͳݪஶ࿦จͷࣥච΍ɼڞಉݚڀʹ޲͚ͨ४උɾݕ౼ͳͲΛਐΊ͍ͯ·͢ɽ ※ ػؔϦϙδτϦͰ͸ ·ͩެ։͞Ε͍ͯ·ͤΜ
  25. 25 ͓ΘΓʹ 25 • ͜ͷ౓͸࿦จ৆ʹબఆͩ͘͞Γɼ͋Γ͕ͱ͏͍͟͝·͢ – େมʹ໊༪ͳ͜ͱͰɼஶऀҰಉɼޫӫʹଘ͡·͢ – ֶձͷӡӦʹܞΘ͓ͬͯΒΕΔօ༷ɼ୲౰ฤूҕһ΍ࠪಡऀͷօ༷ɼ ࿦จΛӾಡɾਪનɾ౤ථͩͬͨ͘͞օ༷ʹ৺ΑΓޚྱਃ্͛͠·͢

    – ͜ͷ࿦จ͸࣮ࡍͷͱ͜Ζ೉࢈Ͱɼ్தͰ৺͕ંΕͦ͏ʹͳΓ·͕ͨ͠ɼ ࠷ޙ·ͰఘΊͣʹऔΓ૊ΜͰྑ͔ͬͨͰ͢ • ॳճ 2019೥1݄20೔ (೔) ౤ߘɼಉ೥6݄6೔ (໦) ෆ࠾࿥ • 2౓໨ ಉ೥8݄29೔ (໦) ౤ߘɼ2020೥1݄15೔ (ਫ) ࠾࿥ ΄΅ؙ1೥ʀ – ৆ঢ়͸ֹʹೖΕͯ৬৔ʹ০Δ༧ఆͰ͢ (^-^)/~ • ͞Βʹݚڀ׆ಈʹᬏਐͯ͠ΞΧσϛΞͰੜ͖࢒Γ·͢ – ֶҐΛऔಘ͠ɼࠓ೥౓ɼஜ೾େֶʹಛ೚ॿڭͱͯ͠ண೚͠·͕ͨ͠ɼ ݚڀۀ੷Λ૿΍ͯ͠εςοϓΞοϓ͢Δඞཁ͕͋Γ·͢ → ڞಉݚڀͳͲͷՄೳੑ͕͋Γ·ͨ͠Βɼੋඇ͝࿈བྷ͍ͩ͘͞ – ࠓޙ΋͝ࢦಋ͝ฬᎪͷ΄ͲɼԿଔΑΖ͓͘͠ئ͍͍ͨ͠·͢