Upgrade to Pro — share decks privately, control downloads, hide ads and more …

Daniel Kornev. How to Create Multiskill AI Assistants and Enable Strategic Dialog Management with DeepPavlov

Daniel Kornev. How to Create Multiskill AI Assistants and Enable Strategic Dialog Management with DeepPavlov

We invite you to join the International Summer School on Data Science in Software Engineering. The summer school will be held online on 12-16 July, 2021, organized by the Laboratory of Software Testing, Tomsk Polytechnic University.
Participation is free. The official language of the school is English.

Students, young researchers and practitioners interested in applications of modern data science methods to the development and testing of complex software systems are invited to join. Follow the link to learn the full program and register your participation: https://itr-tpu.timepad.ru/event/1629835/
____
To learn more about Exactpro, visit our website https://exactpro.com/

Follow us on
LinkedIn https://www.linkedin.com/company/exactpro-systems-llc
Twitter https://twitter.com/exactpro
Facebook https://www.facebook.com/exactpro/
Instagram https://www.instagram.com/exactpro/
Vkontakte https://vk.com/exactpro_llc

Subscribe to Exactpro YouTube channel https://www.youtube.com/c/exactprosystems

5206c19df417b8876825b5561344c1a0?s=128

Exactpro
PRO

July 13, 2021
Tweet

Transcript

  1. DIALOG STRATEGY MANAGEMENT IN MULTISKILL AI ASSISTANTS WITH DEEPPAVLOV Daniel

    Kornev, CPO & Dilyara Baymurzina, Researcher @ DeepPavlov.ai
  2. I’M AVAILABLE TO CHAT DURING THIS SESSION Click on “1:1

    Chat,” then “Ask the Presenter/Moderator” button to submit your question. After the session is over, connect with me via attendee chat by searching for my name.
  3. None
  4. Skills for consumer AI Assistants

  5. Simple chatbots Skills for consumer AI Assistants

  6. ? Simple chatbots Skills for consumer AI Assistants

  7. ? Simple chatbots Skills for consumer AI Assistants

  8. DeepPavlov.ai © Copyright PresentationGO.com Pre-Purchase Post-Purchase Surveys Promotions Campaigns Customer

    Service Technical Support Product Usage Billing & Payment Account Management Logistics ▪ Customer experience spans multiple domains • Surveys • Promotions • Campaigns • Customer Service • Technical Support • … ▪ Every domain requires specific skill
  9. Goal-oriented Bot + Chit-Chat Mode + Response Selector Simple chatbots

    Skills for consumer AI Assistants Vendor X
  10. Simple chatbots Skills for consumer AI Assistants

  11. Simple chatbots Skills for consumer AI Assistants

  12. Simple chatbots Skills for consumer AI Assistants

  13. Simple chatbots Skills for consumer AI Assistants Multiskill AI Assistants:

    DeepPavlov
  14. Grand challenge: create a socialbot that can engage in a

    fun, high quality conversation on popular societal topics for 20 minutes and achieve an average rating of at least 4.0/5.0. Alexa Prize 3 Winners: 1.Emora - $500K, 3.8/5.0, 7 min, 32 sec, Emora University 2.Chirpy Cardinal -- $100K, 3.17/5.0, Stanford University 3.Alquist -- 50k$, (2nd in ‘17, 3rd in ‘19, ‘20), Czech Technical University
  15. None
  16. DeepPavlov.ai ngc.nvidia.com/catalog/containers/partners:deeppavlov

  17. • Open repository of NLP models and pipelines • easy

    to find and reuse NLP components for development of new skills or extension of existing • Open repository of conversational skills • alternative implementations of the most popular skills • Open hub for AI Assistant distributions • general and domain\industry specific distributions of skill sets DeepPavlov.ai +
  18. DeepPavlov.ai MEET GERTY 3000 Can help Sam with problems on

    the Moon Base Sarang? Can entertain Sam? Yes ✔ Yes ✔ Can we emulate it with DeepPavlov DREAM? Yes ✔ Main Question Functionality Analysis © Copyright Sony Pictures Classics
  19. Text OR Voice Input TTS (NeMo) Spell Checking NeMo ASR

    Harvesters Status Chit-Chat (AIML) Emotion BUILT-IN SKILL SELECTOR RULE-BASED RESPONSE SELECTOR
  20. DeepPavlov.ai services: agent: [..] depends_on: - mongo harvesters_maintenance_skill: [..] mongo:

    [..] rule_based_response_selector: [..] nemo: [..] depends_on: - agent emotion_classification: [..] program_y: [..] spell_checking: [..] Spell Checking Annotators Emotion Classification Harvesters Status Skill Skills Chit-Chat Skill NeMo ASR & TTS Other Services Rule-Based Response Selector
  21. DeepPavlov.ai services: agent: [..] depends_on: - mongo harvesters_maintenance_skill: [..] mongo:

    [..] rule_based_response_selector: [..] nemo: [..] depends_on: - agent emotion_classification: [..] program_y: [..] clone_tts: [..] Annotators Services Groups Skills Response Annotators Depend on groups (e.g., “skills”) Services Are Isolated Limited in what they see in dialog Invoke Agent’s State Manager Can run via HTTP or be Python-based "skills": { "harvesters_maintenance_skill": { "connector": { "protocol": "http", "url": "http://harvesters_maintenance _skill:3002/respond" }, "dialog_formatter": "dp_formatters:ful l_dialog", "response_formatter": "dp_formatters:b ase_skill_formatter", "state_manager_method": "add_hypothesi s", "previous_services": ["annotators"] }, Response Selectors
  22. DeepPavlov.ai What is (all) harvesters’ status? Intents What is harvester

    status? Prepare rover for a trip domain.yml intents: - all_statuses_request - status_request [..] - trip_request responses: utter_status_request: - text: "The harvester {harv_id} is {harv_status}.“ [..] nlu.md ## intent:all_statuses_request - What is the harvesters status? - What is the combines status? [..] stories.md ## harv_status + prepare_trip * status_request - utter_status_request stories.md – training for dialogs RASA Configs nlu.md – training for intents & slots domain.yml – basic ontology for skill Simple and easy to use
  23. DeepPavlov.ai Works with GoBot GoBotWrapper Obtains data from DB Generates

    NLG stories.md – training for dialogs Tutorial in Google Colab nlu.md – training for intents & slots domain.yml – basic ontology for skill Full sample: use it to train your GoBot and save its output to your Skill GoBotWrapper [..] @app.route("/respond", methods=["POST"]) def respond(): [..] dialogs = request.json["dialogs"] for dialog in dialogs: sentence = dialog['human_utterances'][-1] ['annotations'].get("spelling_preprocessing") [..] uttr_resp, conf = gobot(sentence) response = gobot.getNlg(uttr_resp) responses.append(response) confidences.append(conf) return jsonify(list(zip(responses, confidences)))
  24. DeepPavlov.ai <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <aiml version="2.0"> <category> <pattern>I AM ^

    TIRED</pattern> <template> 🙁 <random> <li>Get some sleep<get name="name"/>. You're very tired.</li> <li>Have a rest and be happy! How can I help you?</li> </random> </template> </category> [..] </aiml> </xml> Assistant Profile (Name, Place, etc.) Patterns Greeting scenario Topics Looks up for patterns Dialog Processing Picks random pre-defined response If not sure, confidence is low (0.2) Returns response + confidence
  25. DEMO TIME Deepy as a Multiskill AI Assistant DeepPavlov.ai +

    > docker-compose up --build > curl --location --request POST 'localhost:4242' --header 'Content- Type: application/json' --data-raw '{"user_id": "name", "payload": “what do I do here?"}'
  26. None
  27. DeepPavlov.ai Dream AI Assistant Demo • Own scenarios + Wikidata

    & ODQA Amazon Alexa • Own scenarios (w/ 3rd Party integrations) + Evi + 3rd Party Skills Yandex Alice • Own scenarios (w/ 3rd Party integrations) + Yandex Search + 3rd Party Skills
  28. DeepPavlov.ai Step 1 Dialog Management is complex Correctly identify user’s

    utterance’s goal Step 2 Correctly generate response(s) Step 3 Correctly pick the best response Alice: what’s happened in city hall? Bot: [Which city hall [Entity Disambiguation]? Where (NYC | Local)? When (Today | Yesterday | at some time)?] Domain:News: Occupy City Hall happened in July 2020 | Confidence: 0.85 Domain:Factoid: City Hall is the seat of New York City government | Confidence: 0.95 Retrieval: By 1969 City Hall was described as badly crowded because of Bellevue growing … | Confidence: 0.75 Alice: What’s happened in city hall? Bot: City Hall is the seat of New York City government
  29. DeepPavlov.ai At Skill Selector Level you may have more than

    skill to choose from Inside each the Skill you may have more than one context to choose from: • Story/Scenario (in goal-oriented systems) • Scenario/Dialog Tree (in chat-based systems) Challenge: How to make sure that the response we’ve chosen addresses the user’s goal the best? At Response Selector Level you may have more than one hypothesis to choose from
  30. None
  31. DeepPavlov.ai * DREAM technical report for the Alexa Prize 2019,

    Yuri Kuratov, et al. http://bit.ly/DP_Dream_TR_2020 Skill Selector • Based on annotated human utterance and dialog state, in particular, topics and dialog acts, picks up list of skills to try to generate response hypotheses Skills • Different types of skills: template-based, AIML, retrieval skills • Each of selected skills may generate zero/one/several hypotheses Response Selector • Based on toxicity and blacklisted words annotations filters inappropriate hypotheses • Based on dialog state, annotated hypotheses, their confidences and evaluation scores picks up the best hypothesis
  32. DeepPavlov.ai Filtration • Based on toxicity and blacklisted words annotations

    filters inappropriate hypotheses Evaluation • Calculates final single-value scores for hypotheses from confidences, conversation evaluation scores Hand-written Heuristics • Gives priority to special cases, like high-priority intents, significantly increasing final score Penalties • Decreases final scores for repetitions Prompts • Adds link-to questions to final response if short with no requests reply from some particular skills * DREAM technical report for the Alexa Prize 2019, Yuri Kuratov, et al. http://bit.ly/DP_Dream_TR_2020
  33. DeepPavlov.ai • Final score depends on confidence which is assigned

    by hands/rules in template- based skills • Final score formula is empirically created • No dependency on dialog acts • Almost only single-turn dialog management • Latency ** * Latency is partially solved with setting up timeout management and software optimization, but in Conversational AI it ultimately requires powerful AI-optimized hardware like NVIDIA GPU clusters
  34. DeepPavlov.ai • Final score should not depend on confidence •

    Final score should be calculated by one ranking model • Some dialog acts require responses with particular dialog acts • Priority to multi-turn scripted skills * DREAM technical report for the Alexa Prize 2019, Yuri Kuratov, et al. http://bit.ly/DP_Dream_TR_2020
  35. DeepPavlov.ai There are at least 2 ways* look at a

    Conversation: * S. Eggins & D. Slade, Analysing Casual Conversation.London: Cassell, 1997 Pragmatic Conversation • Motivated by clear pragmatic purpose. Aka task- oriented. Usually very short. Formal. Casual Conversation • NOT motivated by clear pragmatic purpose. Can and often are lengthy. Informal, can have humor. Aka chit-chat.
  36. There are at least 4 different approaches to classify utterances

    & sentences: Speech Acts* • Work at utterance level. Hearer interprets speaker’s intentions and tries to interpret desired actions from hearer. Dialog Acts • Work at sentence level. Ascribe each sentence’s dialog function to the entire utterance. Speech Functions • Work at utterance level. Similar to Speech Acts but they produce utterance’s through its role in Discourse. Utterance Acts** • Work at utterance level but include body movements. **Not applicable for us as we can’t see the person *Original authors were not concerned with Discourse
  37. Open.Initiate Sustain.Continue React.Respond.Support Sustain.Continue Open.Initiate React.Respond.Support React.Rejoinder.Support React.Respond.Support Give.Fact Append.Elaborate

    Reply.Acknowledge Prolong.Elaborate Demand.Closed.Opinion Reply.Affirm Track.Confirm Reply.Affirm Discourse Move Speech Act
  38. DeepPavlov.ai Eggins and Martin (1997) Casual Conversation is about people,

    not facts Discourse Strategy Advice: In a conversation w/ user: Explore their interpersonal relations through confronting moves
  39. Eggins and Slade (1997) Speech Functions control Discourse: Give information

    Demand information Speech Acts Discourse Moves Speech Function Example: open:initiate:give_opinion
  40. Text OR Voice Input TTS (NeMo) Spell Checking NeMo ASR

    Harvesters Status Chit-Chat (AIML) Emotion BUILT-IN SKILL SELECTOR RULE-BASED RESPONSE SELECTOR Speech Function Classifier Discourse Management Speech Function Predictor Speech Function Classifier Discourse Mgmt Speech Function Predictor
  41. DeepPavlov.ai Step 1 Part I: Use Speech Function to understand

    user’s goal Classify user utterance’s Speech Function Step 2 Predict the Speech Function for the best response Step 3 Identify whether you understand user’s goal Alice: what’s happened in city hall? Speech Function: React.Rejoinder.Support.Track.Clarify Speech Function Predictor: React.Rejoinder.Support.Track.Clarify | Confidence: 0.85 Speech Function Predictor: React.Respond.Support.Reply.Answer | Confidence: 0.79 Speech Function Predictor: React.Rejoinder.Confront.Response.Rechallenge | Confidence: 0.75 Speech Function Predictor: Predicts that it is a good idea to React.Rejoinder.Support.Track.Clarify Bot: [Which city hall [Entity Disambiguation]? Where (NYC | Local)? When (Today | Yesterday | at some time)?
  42. DeepPavlov.ai Step 4 In each Skill, generate relevant Speech Function

    response Step 5 For each hypothesis, predict Speech Function for user response Domain:Factoid: Which City Hall? | React.Rejoinder.Support.Track.Clarify | Confidence: 0.85 Domain:News: When? | React.Rejoinder.Support.Track.Clarify | Confidence: 0.95 … Speech Function Predictor: React.Rejoinder.Support.Track.Clarify | Confidence: 0.83 Speech Function Predictor: React.Respond.Support.Reply.Answer | Confidence: 0.73 Speech Function Predictor: React.Resoind.Confront.Reply.Disawow | Confidence: 0.65 Domain:Factoid: Which City Hall? Speech Function Predictor: React.Rejoinder.Support.Track.Clarify | Confidence: 0.81 Speech Function Predictor: React.Respond.Support.Reply.Answer | Confidence: 0.75 Speech Function Predictor: React.Resoind.Confront.Reply.Disawow | Confidence: 0.64 Domain:News: When? Part II: Use Speech Function Predictor to predict user’s response
  43. DeepPavlov.ai Step 6 Part III: Use Speech Function to understand

    user’s goal In Response Selector, ignore irrelevant hypotheses Step 7 In Response Selector, identify what Conversation path you’re in Step 8 In Response Selector, give greenlight to hypothesis that is best for the recognized Conversation type Domain:Factoid: Which City Hall? | React.Rejoinder.Support.Track.Clarify | Confidence: 0.85 Domain:News: When? | React.Rejoinder.Support.Track.Clarify | Confidence: 0.95 User’s Utterance: React.Rejoinder.Support.Track.Clarify | Conversation Type: Casual Domain:Factoid: Which City Hall? | React.Rejoinder.Support.Track.Clarify | Confidence: 0.85 Domain:News: When? | React.Rejoinder.Support.Track.Clarify | Confidence: 0.95 C. Type: Pragmatic C. Type: Casual
  44. DEMO TIME Sneak Peek at Discourse-Driven Dialog Management in DeepPavlov

    Deepy
  45. Multiskill orchestration Conversa- tionalskills NLP frameworks ML platforms Proprietary Open

    Source ▪ Multiskill orchestration • DeepPavlov Agent is an engine for conversational skill deployment and orchestration ▪ Conversational skills • DeepPavlov Dream is a collection of pre- build conversational skills and a default distribution package for Dream AI Assistant ▪ NLP frameworks • DeepPavlov Library provides pretrained models and simple declarative approach to build NLP processing pipelines ▪ ML platforms • TensorFlow and PyTorch as backends
  46. demo.deeppavlov.ai select [Deepy] Web Demo @deeppavlov_dream_ai_bot TG Bot github.com/deepmipt/deepy Build

    Your AI Assistant: Clone and build your own! medium.com/deeppavlov Read us: forum.deeppavlov.ai Talk to us: @DeepPavlovDreamDiscussio ns TG: @DeepPavlov Twitter/TG: DeepPavlov.ai +