[DevOpsDays Zurich] Silo-Based Architectures for High Availability Applications

[DevOpsDays Zurich] Silo-Based Architectures for High Availability Applications

Data redundancy, computing clusters, load balancing, fail-over mechanisms, each of these individually addresses one potential issue, but none treats systems in your organisation holistically for maximising business revenue. You'll learn how to stop hating your existing infrastructure, prepare it for the leap to high availability using simple and intuitive changes that your DevOps team will love. Silos are a clever method of grouping servers in such a way that they can be scaled both horizontally and vertically, depending on the actual application needs. Most importantly, it frees you from over-optimizing the architecture upfront, by allowing fine adjustments easy to integrate in your Agile workflow. And they offer real A/B testing for your infrastructure and backend code. Then we'll look together at the awesome new things that you can do with your new silo superpowers. You'll be able to impress not only your fellow tekkies, but also marketing with helpful new tricks.

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Georgiana Gligor

May 03, 2018
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  1. FOR HIGH AVAILABILITY APPLICATIONS SILO-BASED ARCHITECTURES Georgiana Gligor / Tekkie

    Consulting / @gbtekkie
  2. @gbtekkie DevOpsDays Zürich 2 ✤ Geek. Mother. Do-er. ✤ on

    LAMP/LEMP stack since 2003 ✤ Architecture / DevOps consultant ✤ RomaniaPHP Organizer ✤ PhD Student @gbtekkie
  3. @gbtekkie DevOpsDays Zürich 3 advantages and disadvantages silos: a possible

    approach the need for high availability what is high availability (HA)? AGENDA
  4. None
  5. @gbtekkie DevOpsDays Zürich 5 https://youtu.be/MQm5BnhTBEQ

  6. 6 Software industry is built around anticipating change.

  7. 7 anticipate accommodate vs

  8. TYPICAL APPLICATION

  9. @gbtekkie DevOpsDays Zürich 9

  10. None
  11. @gbtekkie DevOpsDays Zürich master Frontend Business Logic Frontend Frontend Browser

    internet Load balancer slave reads writes 11 ADJUSTING
  12. @gbtekkie DevOpsDays Zürich master Frontend Business Logic Frontend Frontend Browser

    internet Load balancer slave reads writes 12 ADJUSTING redundancy
  13. @gbtekkie DevOpsDays Zürich master Frontend Business Logic Frontend Frontend Browser

    internet Load balancer slave reads writes 13 ADJUSTING resilience
  14. @gbtekkie DevOpsDays Zürich 14 TYPICAL LAYERING

  15. @gbtekkie DevOpsDays Zürich 15 APPLICATION ARCHITECTURE

  16. HIGH AVAILABILITY

  17. @gbtekkie DevOpsDays Zürich 17 Ability to access the system: ✤

    retrieve information ✤ alter information ✤ send new data AVAILABILITY
  18. https:/ /flic.kr/p/dkasBz

  19. @gbtekkie DevOpsDays Zürich 19 THE 9s DANCE Uptime Downtime (per

    year) 90.000 % 36.50 days one nine 99.000 % 3.65 days two nines 99.900 % 8.76 hrs three nines 99.950 % 4 hrs 23 mins 99.990 % 52.56 mins four nines 99.999 % 5.26 mins five nines
  20. @gbtekkie DevOpsDays Zürich 20 THE 9s DANCE Uptime Downtime (per

    year) 90.000 % 36.50 days 99.000 % 3.65 days 99.900 % 8.76 hrs 99.950 % 4 hrs 23 mins Amazon SLA 99.990 % 52.56 mins four nines 99.999 % 5.26 mins five nines
  21. @gbtekkie DevOpsDays Zürich 21 IMPACT $ 144,000 / hour 3600

    $ 40 / sec * =
  22. @gbtekkie DevOpsDays Zürich 22 USER BEHAVIOUR amazon facebook youtube Alexa

    Rank 6 3 2 daily time on site 12:07 mins 19:27 mins 23:44 mins daily pageviews / visitor 11.83 9.38 12.84 bounce rate 21 % 29 % 33 %
  23. @gbtekkie DevOpsDays Zürich 23 HIGH AVAILABILITY TRIANGLE cost complexity risk

  24. @gbtekkie DevOpsDays Zürich 24 DOWNTIME scheduled ‣ you unscheduled ‣

    you ‣ others
  25. @gbtekkie DevOpsDays Zürich 25 HAPPENS TO THE BEST

  26. @gbtekkie DevOpsDays Zürich 26 MICHAEL JACKSON

  27. H.A. SYSTEM CHARACTERISTICS

  28. @gbtekkie DevOpsDays Zürich https://flic.kr/p/quMmFw NO SINGLE POINT OF FAILURE

  29. @gbtekkie DevOpsDays Zürich https://flic.kr/p/RLKw8z RELIABLE CROSSOVER

  30. @gbtekkie DevOpsDays Zürich DETECT FAILURES AS THEY OCCUR

  31. @gbtekkie DevOpsDays Zürich 31 HA BEST PRACTICES 1. no single

    points of failure 2. stateless application design 3. automate infrastructure for consistency & reliability 4. clever monitoring and alerting 5. geographically distribute your machines 6. keep spare capacity to meet increasing demand
  32. 32 A man’s got to know his limitations. - Dirty

    Harry
  33. SILOS

  34. @gbtekkie DevOpsDays Zürich 34 TRY UPGRADE TO PHP7

  35. @gbtekkie DevOpsDays Zürich 35 WHAT IS A SILO? ✤ frontend

    (SPAs, PWAs, etc) ✤ backend (e.g. PHP services) ✤ data (including cache) 1 silo = full setup of servers that deliver the end-to-end functionality
  36. @gbtekkie DevOpsDays Zürich 36 WHAT IS A SILO?

  37. @gbtekkie DevOpsDays Zürich 37 SILO-BASED ARCHITECTURE

  38. @gbtekkie DevOpsDays Zürich 38 MULTIPLE CACHES

  39. @gbtekkie DevOpsDays Zürich 39 A/B TESTING

  40. @gbtekkie DevOpsDays Zürich 40 GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION

  41. @gbtekkie DevOpsDays Zürich 41 LIVE UPGRADES

  42. @gbtekkie DevOpsDays Zürich 42 ADVANTAGES ✤ reuse familiar technology ✤

    real A/B testing ✤ no BHUF requirements ✤ no disruption => brand loyalty ✤ lower Total Cost of Ownership ✤ simplify scalability
  43. @gbtekkie DevOpsDays Zürich 43 DISADVANTAGES ✤ needs razor-sharp DevOps team

    ✤ small increase in hardware costs on kick-off ✤ adds complexity to the monitoring layer ✤ reconsider traceability ✤ different bug reproducing and hunting
  44. @gbtekkie DevOpsDays Zürich 44 TAKEAWAYS

  45. @gbtekkie DevOpsDays Zürich 45 ✤ build situational awareness with clever

    monitoring ✤ automate outage detection ✤ powerful A/B testing TAKEAWAYS
  46. @gbtekkie DevOpsDays Zürich 46 FURTHER READING ✤ Wikipedia HA page

    ✤ OpenStack’s HA concepts ✤ Merge Hemo report from FDA ✤ USA Presidential Policy Directive 21 ✤ “Beyond Legacy Code” book ✤ TechCrunch’s summary of sites affected by Michael Jackson’s death ✤ Netflix lessons learned after AWS outage ✤ Netflix Chaos Monkey source code ✤ Brian Adler’s talk on “Architecting for High Availability and Multi-Cloud”
  47. ‹#› Questions? } Efficient architecture. Performance oriented. Enhanced with AI.

    gb@tekkie.ro