JCCG-51 第51回結晶成長国内会議
2022年11月1日（火）
@ RCC文化センター (広島市)
シンポジウム「機械学習が拡げる相転移研究の最前線」
日本結晶成長学会
[email protected]
⾒
(ICReDD)
2022 11 1
1995 2004 ( )
2004 ( ) " "
2005 2011 ( / )
2012 2018 ( )
JST ( )
2019 (ICReDD)
2019 ⾒ (AIP)
https://itakigawa.github.io iPS @ ATR
(iPS )
1995 2004 ( )
2004 ( ) " "
2005 2011 ( / )
2012 2018 ( )
JST ( )
2019 (ICReDD)
2019 ⾒ (AIP)
iPS @ ATR
(iPS )
https://itakigawa.github.io
Q.
ダ
ダ ⾒
ダ Underspeci cation
ダ
May the ML force be with you
(g) (cm)
(g) (cm)
5 6.25 7.5 8.75 10
90 112.5 135 157.5 180
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(g)
(cm)
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(g) (cm)
5 6.25 7.5 8.75 10
90 112.5 135 157.5 180
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(g)
(cm)
む
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(g) (cm)
5 6.25 7.5 8.75 10
90 112.5 135 157.5 180
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(g)
(cm)
む
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(g) (cm)
5 6.25 7.5 8.75 10
90 112.5 135 157.5 180
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(g)
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(g) (cm)
5 6.25 7.5 8.75 10
90 112.5 135 157.5 180
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(g)
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(g) (cm)
5 6.25 7.5 8.75 10
90 112.5 135 157.5 180
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(cm)
む
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(g) (cm)
5 6.25 7.5 8.75 10
90 112.5 135 157.5 180
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90 112.5 135 157.5 180
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(g)
(cm)
む
む
(g) (cm)
5 6.25 7.5 8.75 10
90 112.5 135 157.5 180
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5 6.25 7.5 8.75 10
90 112.5 135 157.5 180
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(g)
(cm)
む
む
(cm)
(g)
む
む
む
む
or
5 6.25 7.5 8.75 10
90 112.5 135 157.5 180
●
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●
(g)
(cm)
(cm)
(g)
む
む
む
む
or
5 6.25 7.5 8.75 10
90 112.5 135 157.5 180
●
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●
●
●
●
(g)
(cm)
(cm)
(g)
む
む
む
む
or
5 6.25 7.5 8.75 10
90 112.5 135 157.5 180
●
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●
●
●
●
●
●
(g)
(cm)
(cm)
(g)
む
む
む
む
or
5 6.25 7.5 8.75 10
90 112.5 135 157.5 180
●
●
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●
●
●
●
●
●
(g)
(cm)
(cm)
(g)
む
む
む
む
or
5 6.25 7.5 8.75 10
90 112.5 135 157.5 180
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
(g)
(cm)
(cm)
(g)
む
む
む
む
or
5 6.25 7.5 8.75 10
90 112.5 135 157.5 180
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
(g)
(cm)
(cm)
(g)
む
む
む
む
or
5 6.25 7.5 8.75 10
90 112.5 135 157.5 180
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
(g)
(cm)
(cm)
(g)
む
む
む
む
or
5 6.25 7.5 8.75 10
90 112.5 135 157.5 180
●
●
●
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●
●
●
●
●
●
(g)
(cm)
(cm)
(g)
む
む
( )
J aime la
musique
I love music
⾒
( )
: (DALL
·E , Stable Diffusion, Midjourney, )
( + )
: (DALL
·E , Stable Diffusion, Midjourney, )
( + )
( )
Decision
Tree
Random
Forest
GBDT
Nearest
Neighbor
Logistic
Regression
SVM
Gaussian
Process
Neural
Network
0 1
P( =red)
Random Forest
Gaussian Process
Logistic Regression
0 1
P( =red)
Random Forest Neural Network SVR Kernel Ridge
p1 p2 p3 p4
Random Forest Neural Network SVR Kernel Ridge
p1 p2 p3 p4
=
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x1
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
x2
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
y
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
f
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
f
AAAChHichVHLTsJAFD3UF+ID1I2JGyLBuDBkUHzEhSG6cclDHgkS0tYBG0rbtIUEiT+gW40LV5q4MH6AH+DGH3DBJxiXmLhx4aU0MUrE20znzJl77pyZKxmqYtmMtT3C0PDI6Jh33DcxOTXtD8zMZi29bso8I+uqbuYl0eKqovGMrdgqzxsmF2uSynNSda+7n2tw01J07cBuGrxYEyuaUlZk0SYq2SwFQizCnAj2g6gLQnAjoQcecYgj6JBRRw0cGmzCKkRY9BUQBYNBXBEt4kxCirPPcQofaeuUxSlDJLZK/wqtCi6r0bpb03LUMp2i0jBJGUSYvbB71mHP7IG9ss8/a7WcGl0vTZqlnpYbJf/ZfPrjX1WNZhvH36qBnm2UseV4Vci74TDdW8g9fePkqpPeToVbS+yWvZH/G9ZmT3QDrfEu3yV56nqAH4m80ItRg6K/29EPsquR6EYkloyF4rtuq7xYwCKWqR+biGMfCWSoPsc5LnApjAorwpqw3ksVPK5mDj9C2PkC2GOP+Q==
y
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
x1 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
x2
N = = N = = N = =
=
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
x1
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x2
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
y
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
f
AAAChHichVHLTsJAFD3UF+ID1I2JGyLBuDBkUHzEhSG6cclDHgkS0tYBG0rbtIUEiT+gW40LV5q4MH6AH+DGH3DBJxiXmLhx4aU0MUrE20znzJl77pyZKxmqYtmMtT3C0PDI6Jh33DcxOTXtD8zMZi29bso8I+uqbuYl0eKqovGMrdgqzxsmF2uSynNSda+7n2tw01J07cBuGrxYEyuaUlZk0SYqWS4FQizCnAj2g6gLQnAjoQcecYgj6JBRRw0cGmzCKkRY9BUQBYNBXBEt4kxCirPPcQofaeuUxSlDJLZK/wqtCi6r0bpb03LUMp2i0jBJGUSYvbB71mHP7IG9ss8/a7WcGl0vTZqlnpYbJf/ZfPrjX1WNZhvH36qBnm2UseV4Vci74TDdW8g9fePkqpPeToVbS+yWvZH/G9ZmT3QDrfEu3yV56nqAH4m80ItRg6K/29EPsquR6EYkloyF4rtuq7xYwCKWqR+biGMfCWSoPsc5LnApjAorwpqw3ksVPK5mDj9C2PkCsAOP5g==
f
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
y
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
x1 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
x2
( )
N = = N = = N = =
N = = N = = N = =
=
AAAChnichVHLTsJAFD3UF+ID1I2JGyLBuCJTg2JcEd245CGPBAlp64gNpW3aQkTiD5i4lYUrTVwYP8APcOMPuOATjEtM3LjwUpoYJeJtpnPmzD13zsyVTU21Hca6PmFsfGJyyj8dmJmdmw+GFhbzttGwFJ5TDM2wirJkc03Vec5RHY0XTYtLdVnjBbm2198vNLllq4Z+4LRMXq5LVV09VhXJISp7WhEroQiLMTfCw0D0QARepIzQIw5xBAMKGqiDQ4dDWIMEm74SRDCYxJXRJs4ipLr7HOcIkLZBWZwyJGJr9K/SquSxOq37NW1XrdApGg2LlGFE2Qu7Zz32zB7YK/v8s1bbrdH30qJZHmi5WQleLGc//lXVaXZw8q0a6dnBMbZdryp5N12mfwtloG+edXrZnUy0vcZu2Rv5v2Fd9kQ30Jvvyl2aZ65H+JHJC70YNUj83Y5hkN+IiVuxeDoeSe56rfJjBatYp34kkMQ+UshR/SoucYWO4BdiwqaQGKQKPk+zhB8hJL8AVLKQnA==
x1
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
x2
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
y
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
f
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
f
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
y
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
x1 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
x2
( )
N = = N = = N = =
=
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
x1
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
x2
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
y
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
f
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
f
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y
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x2
( )
( )
( )
テ Training ( ) デ Validation ( ) ト Test ( )
ダ
ダ (data leakage)
SF (AI)
wishful mnemonics
Why Is AI So Dumb?
A SPECIAL REPORT
https://spectrum.ieee.org/ les/ / _Spectrum_ .pdf
q1 q2 q3 q4
( )
Random
Forest
GBDT
Nearest
Neighbor
SVM
Gaussian
Process
Neural
Network
deep learning
q1 q2 q3 q4
p1 p2 p3 p4
( )
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z2
deep learning
q1 q2 q3 q4
p1 p2 p3 p4
( )
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z1
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z2
deep learning
q1 q2 q3 q4
p1 p2 p3 p4
( )
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z1
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z2
deep learning
q1 q2 q3 q4
p1 p2 p3 p4
( )
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z1
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z2
deep learning
q1 q2 q3 q4
p1 p2 p3 p4
( )
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z1
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z2
deep learning
q1 q2 q3 q4
p1 p2 p3 p4
( )
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z1
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z2
deep learning
q1 q2 q3 q4
p1 p2 p3 p4
( )
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z1
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z2
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z1
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z2
deep learning
q1 q2 q3 q4
p1 p2 p3 p4
( )
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z1
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z2
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z1
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
z2
( )
( )
deep learning
q1 q2 q3 q4
p1 p2 p3 p4
( )
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z1
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z2
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z1
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
z2
( )
( )
deep learning
q1 q2 q3 q4
p1 p2 p3 p4
( )
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z1
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
z2
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z1
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
z2
( )
( )
deep learning
q1 q2 q3 q4
p1 p2 p3 p4
( )
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
x1
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
x2
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
xd
ResNet : 2600
ResNet : 4500
E cientNet-B : 6600
VGG : 1 4400
⾒
20×20 1200
1000×1000 300
-layer, -heads BERT: 1 1000
-layer, -heads BERT: 3 3600
GPT- XL: 15 5800
GPT- : 1750
ダ
( )
ダ
Underspecification
( )
specify
Underspecification
( )
specify
ダ
"all models are wrong but some models are useful"
ダ (Underspeci cation)
Underspecification
https://arxiv.org/abs/ .
https://ai.googleblog.com/ / /
how-underspeci cation-
presents.html
by
.
. (Warm Start)
q1 q2 q3 q4
p1 p2 p3 p4
( )
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x1
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
x2
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
xd
( ) OK
(SSL)
(Pretext )
SSL Pretext ( )
90°/180°/270°
Few-shot / Zero-shot
(ImageNet, BERT
, )
"Foundation Model" Stanford
.
. (Warm Start)
× ⾒
p1 p2 p3 p4
Underspeci cation
.
×
Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. : ( )
PNAS ( )
Acc. Chem. Res. ( ): ( )
⾒
×
https://uclnlp.github.io/nampi/
Neural Abstract Machines & Program Induction
Di erentiable Neural Computers /
Neural Turing Machines (Graves+ )
Memory Networks (Weston+ )
Pointer Networks (Vinyals+ )
Neural Stacks (Grefenstette+ , Joulin+ )
Hierarchical Attentive Memory
(Andrychowicz+ )
Neural Program Interpreters (Reed+ )
Neural Programmer (Neelakantan+ )
DeepCoder (Balog+ )
: ⾒
my_function
x1
x2
y
y/ a a
y ?
( )
⾒
⾒
(e.g. Deep Unfolding, Data Assimilation, )
Hello World
ダ
etc
Hello World
ダ
etc
ダ
Hello World
ダ
etc
ダ
( )
Hello World
ダ
etc
ダ
( )
Hello World
ダ
etc
ダ
( )
Hello World
ダ
etc
ダ
( )
Hello World
ダ
etc
ダ
( )
Hello World
×
J aime la
musique
I love music
( )
バ
(2016 )
X Y
Y
( ) ( )
( )
( )
Simon, H. Machine discovery. Found Sci 1, 171–200 (1995).
Herbert A. Simon
(1975)
(1978)
Human and machine discovery are gradual problem-solving processes of
searching large problem spaces for incompletely defined goal objects.
Research on problem solving has usually focused on search of an “instance
space” (empirical exploration) and a “hypothesis space” (generation of
theories). In scientific discovery, search must often extend to other spaces as
well: spaces of possible problems, of new or improved scientific instruments,
of new problem representations, of new concepts, and others. This paper
focuses especially on the processes for finding new problem representations
and new concepts, which are relatively new domains for research on discovery.
( )
/
( ) by
( )
Science ( ) Nature ( ) Nature Reviews Drug Discovery ( )
Science ( ) Nature ( ) Nature Reviews Drug Discovery ( )
Negative
Science ( ) Nature ( ) Nature Reviews Drug Discovery ( )
Negative
Science ( ) Nature ( ) Nature Reviews Drug Discovery ( )
Negative
AI
Science ( ) Nature ( ) Nature Reviews Drug Discovery ( )
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May the ML force be with you
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ダ
ダ Underspeci cation
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