A 0.3% measurement of orbital decay in the 12.75-min WD+WD J0651+2844

70d4f7eb14525537a3fd6c15a33a8ac1?s=47 jjhermes
July 02, 2019

A 0.3% measurement of orbital decay in the 12.75-min WD+WD J0651+2844

Conference presentation, 20 min. July 2019: The Beginnings and Ends of Double White Dwarfs, Copenhagen, Denmark.

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jjhermes

July 02, 2019
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  1. http://jjherm.es @jotajotahermes J.J. Hermes A 0.3% measurement of orbital decay

    in the 12.75-min WD+WD J0651+2844 with Warren R. Brown, Mukremin Kilic, Keaton J. Bell, Zachary Vanderbosch, Alex Gianninas, Don Winget, Tom Marsh, Samuel T. Harrold, Karen Winget, and Barbara Castanheira
  2. JJ Hermes, Boston University | WD+WD | 2 A syzygy

    (from the Ancient Greek σύζυγος, 'yoked together') is a (roughly) straight-line configuration of three or more celestial bodies. @jotajotahermes
  3. J0651+2844: The 12.75-min WD+WD Binary Average distance between the Earth

    and the Moon: 384,400 km M 2 = 0.51 M¤ M 1 = 0.26 M¤ JJ Hermes, Boston University | WD+WD | 3 J0651+2844
  4. J0651+2844: The 12.75-min WD+WD Binary JJ Hermes, Boston University |

    WD+WD | 4 Brown et al. 2011, ApJ, 737, L23 “We discovered that J0651 is a compact binary system when back-to-back spectra separated by six minutes showed a 1300 km/s change in radial velocity.”
  5. phase = 0 • Eclipses detected on 01 April 2011

    from the 2.1m at McDonald Observatory J0651+2844: The 12.75-min WD+WD Binary Brown et al. 2011, ApJ, 737, L23 JJ Hermes, Boston University | WD+WD | 5
  6. Photo by Taylor Chonis Eclipses were detected on 1 April

    2011 from the 2.1m telescope at McDonald Observatory on the first night of a 14-night run JJ Hermes, Boston University | WD+WD | 6 John Kuehne
  7. The Rock House fire started on 9 April 2011 near

    Marfa, TX It eventually burned >310,000 acres (>1270 km2) Photos I took on 9 April 2011 JJ Hermes, Boston University | WD+WD | 7
  8. Photo by Don Winget on 11 April 2011 JJ Hermes,

    Boston University | WD+WD | 8
  9. We re-started monitoring the 12.75-min binary on 13 April 2011,

    the first photons collected at McDonald after the Rock House fire started. Photo by Frank Cianciolo on 17 April 2011 JJ Hermes, Boston University | WD+WD | 9
  10. Within 13 Months We Confirmed Orbital Decay JJ Hermes, Boston

    University | WD+WD | 10 Hermes et al. 2012, ApJ, 757, L21 In 2012: dPorb /dt = (-0.31 ± 0.09) ms/yr
  11. O-C Diagrams Measure Tiny Period Changes Hermes 2013 JJ Hermes,

    Boston University | WD+WD | 11 Imagine a leaky faucet, dripping exactly every 12 min, but sediment buildup is slowing the drip by 0.5 ms every year: Drip 1: 1 January 2014, at UT 00:00:00
  12. O-C Diagrams Measure Tiny Period Changes Hermes 2013 JJ Hermes,

    Boston University | WD+WD | 12 Imagine a leaky faucet, dripping exactly every 12 min, but sediment buildup is slowing the drip by 0.5 ms every year: Drip 1: 1 January 2014, at UT 00:00:00 Drip 43801: 1 January 2015, at UT 00:00:11 P0 in 2014: 12 min (720 s) P in 2015: 12.00000833 min (720.0005 s)
  13. Hermes et al. 2012, ApJ, 757, L21 T eff,1 =

    16,700 ± 200 K M 1 = 0.261 ± 0.010 M¤ K 1 = 617.9 ± 5.8 km s-1 i = 86.3 ± 1.0 deg T eff,2 = 10,370 ± 360 K M 2 = 0.509 ± 0.029 M¤ Updated Spectroscopy of J0651+2844 JJ Hermes, Boston University | WD+WD | 13 6.5m MMT 10m Keck J0651+2844 is a single-lined binary
  14. P spin,1 > 6.7 min A Search for Primary Rotation

    in J0651+2844 JJ Hermes, Boston University | WD+WD | 14 Hermes et al. 2019, (nearly) submitted 10m Keck We do not detect the Rossiter-McLaughlin effect around primary eclipses:
  15. Updated Light Curve Modeling of J0651+2844 JJ Hermes, Boston University

    | WD+WD | 15 Hermes et al. 2019, (nearly) submitted best-fit model using lcurve R 1 = 0.03596 ± 0.00091 R¤ (implies M 1 = 0.252 ± 0.010 M¤ in line with 0.261 M¤ from surface gravity) R 2 = 0.01319 ± 0.00033 R¤ i = 86.3 ± 1.0 deg d LC = 1050 ± 120 pc d Gaia = 1080+930 pc -400
  16. We expect dPorb /dt = (-0.263 ± 0.020) ms/yr from

    GR (point masses) and observe (-0.28688 ± 0.00072) ms/yr! – a 0.3% measurement! Hermes et al. 2019, (nearly) submitted JJ Hermes, Boston University | WD+WD | 16 χ2 red = 0.962
  17. We expect dPorb /dt = (-0.263 ± 0.020) ms/yr from

    GR (point masses) and observe (-0.2879 ± 0.0022) ms/yr! using a sine fit to half the orbital period (ellipsoidal variations) Hermes et al. 2019, (nearly) submitted JJ Hermes, Boston University | WD+WD | 17 χ2 red = 1.20
  18. Hermes et al. 2019, (nearly) submitted JJ Hermes, Boston University

    | WD+WD | 18 Expected dPorb /dt = (-0.263 ± 0.020) ms/yr from GR Observed dPorb /dt = (-0.28688 ± 0.00072) ms/yr! M tot = 0.770 ± 0.039 M¤ L GW = 2.85 L¤ L EM = 0.05 L¤ Tides expected to increase dPorb /dt by 5% see Piro 2011, Benaquista 2011, Burkart et al. 2013, Fuller & Lai 2013, Dall’Osso & Rossi 2014
  19. Hermes et al. 2019, (nearly) submitted JJ Hermes, Boston University

    | WD+WD | 19 t0 = -0.50 ± 0.13 s from primary eclipse times t0 = -0.14 ± 0.38 s from ellipsoidal variations Tidal bulge is aligned with syzygy to at least 0.4 s (0.05% of orbit)
  20. J0651+2844: The 12.75-min WD+WD Binary • 8 years since discovery:

    dPorb /dt = (-0.28688 ± 0.00072) ms/y – The GW luminosity exceeds the EM luminosity by factor of >50! • This is 1.2σ consistent with pure GR: (-0.263 ± 0.020) ms/yr – This uncertainty is dominated by the uncertainty in M2 • f orb = 2.6136734171(89) mHz, an exceptional LISA verification! • We will know dPorb /dt to 0.1% by 2021 D. Berry, GSFC JJ Hermes, Boston University | WD+WD