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The W's of Diversity

The W's of Diversity

An examination of systemic problems encountered by underrepresented groups in technology.

juliaferraioli

June 26, 2014
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  1. Google confidential │ Do not distribute
    The W’s of Diversity
    Julia Ferraioli
    Senior Developer Advocate
    Tuesday, July 1, 14

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  2. The A Way Forward
    1
    2
    3
    4
    Setting the Stage
    Some Stats of Today(ish)
    The W’s
    Tuesday, July 1, 14

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  3. The A Way Forward
    1
    2
    3
    4
    Setting the Stage
    Some Stats of Today(ish)
    The W’s
    Tuesday, July 1, 14

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  4. Setting the Stage
    Tuesday, July 1, 14

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  5. Motivation
    Tuesday, July 1, 14

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  6. Creative Commons image courtesy of Niki Odolphie
    It’s a maze
    There’s a desire to help, but fear of
    causing harm.
    Tuesday, July 1, 14

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  7. Creative Commons image courtesy of Don Miller
    I have hope
    We know things can get better,
    because we’ve seen better.
    Tuesday, July 1, 14

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  8. Why I care
    Tuesday, July 1, 14

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  9. NYTimes: Bucking the trend at women’s colleges
    Educated at a women’s
    college:
    • Focused on learning
    • Treated as an intellectual equal
    • Equal participation in group projects
    Tuesday, July 1, 14

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  10. Creative Commons image courtesy of Tony Werman
    From my first experiences in
    industry, I was:
    • Assumed to be nontechnical
    • Assumed to be a diversity hire
    • Witness to derogatory remarks
    about my gender
    Tuesday, July 1, 14

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  11. The A Way Forward
    1
    2
    3
    4
    Setting the Stage
    Some Stats of Today(ish)
    The W’s
    Tuesday, July 1, 14

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  12. In higher education
    Tuesday, July 1, 14

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  13. 1984 2010 2012
    37.1
    18.2
    10
    15
    20
    25
    30
    35
    40
    CS degrees awarded to women
    2002 2004 2006 2008
    27.5
    25.1
    20.7
    17.7 18.2
    Source: NSF report from 2012
    %
    Tuesday, July 1, 14

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  14. American Indian or Alaska Native
    Asian or Pacific Islander
    Hispanic
    Black
    White
    0 15,000 30,000
    27,067
    4,847
    4,210
    3,964
    231
    Source: NSF report from 2012
    CS degrees broken down by race or ethnicity
    Tuesday, July 1, 14

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  15. ...broken down by sex
    American Indian or Alaska Native
    Asian or Pacific Islander
    Hispanic
    Black
    White
    0 15,000 30,000
    3,986
    1,460
    791
    874
    50
    23,081
    3,387
    3,419
    3,090
    181
    Male Female
    Source: NSF report from 2012
    Tuesday, July 1, 14

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  16. In industry
    Creative Commons image courtesy of Andrew Horne
    Tuesday, July 1, 14

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  17. 0
    500,000
    1,000,000 998,000
    4,000
    85,000
    46,000
    215,000
    4,000
    Source: NSF report from 2010
    Employed broken down by sex
    Male Female
    American Indian
    or Alaska Native
    Asian Black Hispanic Native Hawaiian
    or Pacific Islander
    White
    Tuesday, July 1, 14

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  18. Source: HBR report from 2010
    Attrition of Women in Technology
    Tuesday, July 1, 14

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  19. The A Way Forward
    1
    2
    3
    4
    Setting the Stage
    Some Stats of Today(ish)
    The W’s
    Tuesday, July 1, 14

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  20. Problems faced
    the what
    Tuesday, July 1, 14

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  21. Gaslighting or gas-lighting is a form of mental
    abuse in which false information is presented
    with the intent of making victims doubt their
    own memory, perception, and sanity.
    - Wikipedia on gaslighting
    Google confidential │ Do not distribute
    “Are you sure that’s what actually happened?”
    -
    Creative Commons image courtesy of Mike GL
    Tuesday, July 1, 14

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  22. Unequal opportunity
    Can feel like jealousy and is easily (and wrongfully)
    dismissed as such.
    Creative Commons image courtesy of ESO/S. Brunier
    Tuesday, July 1, 14

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  23. Google confidential │ Do not distribute
    Creative Commons image courtesy of Tanya
    Harassment & assault
    • Insults based on minority status
    • Broad generalization of groups, framed as
    “poking fun”
    • Violation of consent
    Tuesday, July 1, 14

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  24. Lack of mentorship
    • Mentor population reflects industry
    population
    • Mentors more likely to select mentees that
    mirror themselves
    • Lack of mentor diversity makes it harder to
    raise issues of discrimination & bias
    Creative Commons image courtesy of daveynin
    Tuesday, July 1, 14

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  25. Current timelines
    the when
    Tuesday, July 1, 14

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  26. During the formative period
    Isolation
    Pursuit of
    other paths
    Excitement
    Curiosity
    Diverse
    Start of
    attrition
    Start of bias
    Pre-secondary Secondary Undergraduate
    Tuesday, July 1, 14

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  27. Early stage career
    Developing coping
    mechanisms
    First encounter with
    HR
    Eager
    Enthusiastic
    Creative
    Switched
    teams
    Found allies
    Entering
    workforce
    First performance
    review
    First
    promotion
    Tuesday, July 1, 14

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  28. Mid to late stage career
    Tuesday, July 1, 14

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  29. Environments that host them
    the where
    Tuesday, July 1, 14

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  30. Language
    the implications of “culture fit”
    Creative Commons image courtesy of Brenda Gottsabend
    Tuesday, July 1, 14

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  31. Public fora
    • Online threats
    • In person dismissal of expertise
    • Assumption of role
    • Inappropriate questions
    Creative Commons image courtesy of Robert Lowe
    Tuesday, July 1, 14

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  32. Long and short-term effects
    the why
    Tuesday, July 1, 14

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  33. Short term
    can increase frequency of
    impostor syndrome
    Creative Commons image courtesy of JE Theriot
    Tuesday, July 1, 14

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  34. Creative Commons image courtesy of Tim Green
    Long term
    people leave
    Tuesday, July 1, 14

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  35. Not pictured here
    the who
    Tuesday, July 1, 14

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  36. Unfamiliar voices
    the people you don’t know...and who
    don’t know you
    Creative Commons image courtesy of Loren Kerns
    Tuesday, July 1, 14

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  37. Unexpected sources
    the people you know...and trust, and
    respect
    Creative Commons image courtesy of Maria Keays
    Tuesday, July 1, 14

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  38. Google confidential │ Do not distribute
    Creative Commons image courtesy of Paul Keller
    Exclusion from one group does not prevent you
    from participation of excluding behaviors of
    another.
    MVC: Not a Tech Bro, but Not a Tech Lady
    Tuesday, July 1, 14

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  39. The A Way Forward
    1
    2
    3
    4
    Setting the Stage
    Some Stats of Today(ish)
    The W’s
    Tuesday, July 1, 14

    View full-size slide

  40. The A Way Forward
    Tuesday, July 1, 14

    View full-size slide

  41. Google confidential │ Do not distribute
    Creative Commons image courtesy of Evan Bench
    Educate
    • Understand the scope of the problem
    • Listen actively to others
    • Examine behaviors
    • Research approaches that have worked
    Tuesday, July 1, 14

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  42. Google confidential │ Do not distribute
    Creative Commons image courtesy of Matthew Keefe
    Speak up
    • Correct harmful language
    • Call out inappropriate behavior
    • Address problems with how people are
    treated
    Tuesday, July 1, 14

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  43. Google confidential │ Do not distribute
    Creative Commons image courtesy of LadyDragonflyCC
    Act
    • Become a mentor
    • Open a dialogue
    • Volunteer with youth programs
    • Focus on creating a welcoming newcomer
    experience
    Tuesday, July 1, 14

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  44. Resources
    • Report on Hispanics in STEM: K-16 http://goo.gl/JRR3kP
    • NSF data on women, minorities, and persons with disabilities http://goo.gl/vHdmRm
    • Reversing the brain drain: Harvard Business Review http://goo.gl/Wi2IZo
    • Human Rights Campaign corporate equality index http://goo.gl/VLZvdE
    • How the Boston Python User Group grew to 1700 people and 15+% women http://goo.gl/lNstJp
    • Unconscious Bias test http://goo.gl/c6ICXP
    Tuesday, July 1, 14

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