Build your first Android Things application

Build your first Android Things application

This is the presentation for the talk I gave on Android things meetup in Ahmedabad. Introduction to Raspberry Pi and guide to build your first android things application using Android Studio.


Keval Patel

May 20, 2017


  1. Build your first Android Things application Keval Patel Android Developer

    @ 1
  2. Agenda - Introduction to Raspberry Pi. - Specifications & Schematics

    of Raspberry Pi. - How to connect Raspberry Pi to your computer? - Create a new project for Android Things. - What’s different than normal app development? - Accessing hardware components in Android app. - Introduction: Smart Switch App 2
  3. What is Raspberry Pi? 3

  4. What is Raspberry Pi? A computer. A small single-board computer

    that plugs into your TV and a keyboard, which can be used for many of the things that your average desktop does - spreadsheets, word-processing, games and it also plays high-definition video. 4
  5. What is Raspberry Pi? • Small - Size of the

    credit card. • Affordable - Just $35!!! • Single Board SoC. • Consumes less than 5W power. • Developed by Raspberry Pi foundation. • Board for the hobbyist. 5
  6. 6

  7. Which OS you can run? - Raspbian OS - Fedora

    OS - Debian OS - Windows 10 - And now Android... 7
  8. Raspberry Pi 3 Model B - Released in Feb 2016.

    - Costs $35. - Supports Android Things. 8
  9. Raspberry Pi 3 Model B Specification - Quad-core 64-bit ARM

    Cortex-A53, 1.2GHz - Broadcom VideoCore IV - 1GB LPDDR2 (900 MHz) - 10/100 Ethernet - 2.4GHz 802.11n wireless - Bluetooth 4.1 and Bluetooth Low Energy - 40-pin GPIO header - Ports: HDMI, 3.5mm analog audio-video jack, 4× USB 2.0, Ethernet, Camera Serial Interface (CSI), Display Serial Interface (DSI) 9
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  11. GPIO - GPIO = General Purpose Input Output. - You

    can configure that pin to act as input or output pin at runtime. - No predefined purpose, and go unused by default. - Raspberry Pi has 40 GPIO pins. - The pins allow us to interact with different components and receive and send information to them. 11
  12. GPIO Pin Diagram 12

  13. How to connect with Raspberry Pi? 13

  14. How to connect with Raspberry Pi? 1. Connect USB cable

    for power. 2. Connect an Ethernet cable your local network. 3. Connect an HDMI cable to an display. (Optional) 4. Find the IP of Raspberry Pi using IP scanner tool. (e.g. Angry IP scanner.) The host name will be “Android.local”. 5. Connect to this IP address using the adb. $ adb connect <ip-address> connected to <ip-address>:5555 14
  15. How to connect with Wi-Fi? 1. Send an intent to

    the Wi-Fi service with the SSID and passcode of your Wi-Fi network. You need to do it only when connecting to new Wi-Fi network. $ adb shell am startservice \ -n \ -a WifiSetupService.Connect \ -e ssid <Network_SSID> \ -e passphrase <Network_Passcode> $ adb connect <ip-address> connected to <ip-address>:5555 2. Find the IP of Raspberry Pi using IP scanner tool. 3. Connect to this IP address using the adb. 15
  16. How to check if the internet access available? rpi3:/ $

    ping PING ( 56(84) bytes of data. 16
  17. Creating Android Things Project In Android Studio 17

  18. Build Android Things Project - Create new android project. 18

  19. Build Android Things Project - Set the minSdkVersion for the

    project to 24. 19
  20. Build Android Things Project - Add “” library to “AndroidManifest.xml”.

    <application android:allowBackup="true" android:icon="@mipmap/ic_launcher" android:label="@string/app_name" android:theme="@style/AppTheme"> <uses-library android:name=""/> <activity android:name=".MainActivity"> .... .... </activity> </application> 20
  21. Add Home activity support - "Home activity" in its manifest

    as the main entry point for the system to automatically launch on boot. <activity android:name=".MainActivity"> <intent-filter> <action android:name="android.intent.action.MAIN"/> <category android:name="android.intent.category.LAUNCHER"/> </intent-filter> <!-- Launch activity automatically on boot --> <intent-filter> <action android:name="android.intent.action.MAIN"/> <category android:name="android.intent.category.IOT_LAUNCHER"/> <category android:name="android.intent.category.DEFAULT"/> </intent-filter> </activity> 21
  22. Android Things Vs. Android Phone 22

  23. Android Things App Vs. Phone App - In Android Things

    UI is optional. - Android Things launcher does not have an app drawer. You need to launch the application using ADB. - There is no system-wide status bar and window shade in Android Things. So, notifications are not supported. - No system-wide navigation bar. So, back button, home button, and app switcher are supported. 23
  24. Android Things App Vs. Phone App - Android Things supports

    a subset of the Google APIs for Android. - Each release of Android Things bundles the latest stable version of Google Play Services, and requires at least version 10.0.0 of the client SDK. 24
  25. - No runtime permission. Just declare permission in AndroidManifest. (Just

    like old days!!!) - No support for the Google Play. Android Things App Vs. Phone App - Doesn't include the all of the standard system apps and content providers. Like SMS application and SMS provider. Avoid using them. 25
  26. How to access GPIO? 26

  27. Setting GPIO - Open GPIO pin using PeripheralManagerService. PeripheralManagerService service

    = new PeripheralManagerService(); mRedPin = service.openGpio(BoardDefaults.getGPIOForRedLED()); - Define pin as input or output. //Define as output mRedPin.setDirection(Gpio.DIRECTION_OUT_INITIALLY_LOW); //Or mRedPin.setDirection(Gpio.DIRECTION_OUT_INITIALLY_HIGH); //Set as input mRedPin.setDirection(Gpio.DIRECTION_IN); 27
  28. Peripheral Driver Library - There are many sensors we may

    need in our project. - All sensors have different specs and different types of input/output. - You don’t want to write code to integrate those sensors in your application. - Peripheral Driver Library contains pre-written user drivers for popular peripherals available for supported Android Things hardware. - It is open sourced. ( 28
  29. Let’s build something REAL!!! 29

  30. Smart Switch 30 Control the devices like fan, light bulb

    using your phone. - Can control 1 fan, 1 light bulb and 1 LED. - Uses firebase real-time database to sync the status of the home device between raspberry pi and companion app.
  31. Components required - Raspberry Pi 31 - 2 x 5V

    Relay - 1 LED - 1K resistor - Breadboard - Wires/Connectors
  32. 32

  33. 33 Firebase Real Time Database

  34. It’s demo time!!! 34

  35. What’s next??? 35 - Go ahead and download from GitHub

    ( Play with your own devices. - Try out different samples from Android Things samples ( page. - Make your own project.
  36. References 36 - Android Things - Android Developers ( -

    Android Things - GitHub ( - Android Things – Hardware Basics for the Software Engineer ( - SmartSwitch - Github (
  37. What you are going to build now? @kevalpatel2106 @multidots 37