From Open Access to Open Science

From Open Access to Open Science

This talks was given as part of the international Open Access Week.

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Konrad Förstner

October 23, 2014
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Transcript

  1. From Open Access to Open Science Konrad U. F¨ orstner

    Core Unit Systems Medicine, Universit¨ at W¨ urzburg 2014-10-23, Open Access Week The opinions expressed here represent my own and not those of my employer.
  2. Open Access means opening the final results of the research

    process... http://www.flickr.com/photos/subcircle/500995147 – CC-BY by flickr user subcircle
  3. Open Access means opening the final results of the research

    process... ... but what is about opening the research process itself? http://www.flickr.com/photos/subcircle/500995147 – CC-BY by flickr user subcircle
  4. ”It’s a tragedy we had to add the word open

    to science.” Eduardo Robles https://twitter.com/edulix/status/219390289519968256 http://www.flickr.com/photos/subcircle/500995147 – CC-BY by flickr user subcircle
  5. Openness and transparency are core principles of science but are

    violated at several points in the research process. http://www.flickr.com/photos/subcircle/500995147 – CC-BY by flickr user subcircle
  6. Examples for low reproducibility Study performed at Bayer prior to

    launching a drug development program - 20–25% of published data reproducible (Nat. Rev. Drug Discov. 10, 712, 2011) Similar approach performed at Amgen - reproducibility rate of 11% (Nature 483, 531–533, 2012) http://www.flickr.com/photos/subcircle/500995147 – CC-BY by flickr user subcircle
  7. Have you ever tried to reproduce parts of previous study

    and where not able to do so due to the lack of a precise description/code/data? How much time have you spend on that? http://www.flickr.com/photos/subcircle/500995147 – CC-BY by flickr user subcircle
  8. Science needs an upgrade The research process is full of

    hampering artifacts and unnecessary friction. Only a small fraction of the potential of digitalization and the internet is used. http://www.flickr.com/photos/subcircle/500995147 – CC-BY by flickr user subcircle
  9. Science needs an upgrade How would we design the research

    process if we would invent it today from scratch? http://www.flickr.com/photos/subcircle/500995147 – CC-BY by flickr user subcircle
  10. Open Science means more ... Transparency Reproducibility Reusability http://www.flickr.com/photos/subcircle/500995147 –

    CC-BY by flickr user subcircle
  11. Technical aspects (e.g. software or repositories) Legal aspect (e.g. Creative

    commons licenses) Cultural aspects (e.g. what is used for the evaluation of scientific impact) http://www.flickr.com/photos/subcircle/500995147 – CC-BY by flickr user subcircle
  12. Free does not always means free Free as freedom not

    as free beer. http://www.flickr.com/photos/subcircle/500995147 – CC-BY by flickr user subcircle
  13. The research process Idea Grant application Experiment Data analysis Submission

    Peer Review Publication Perception http://www.flickr.com/photos/subcircle/500995147 – CC-BY by flickr user subcircle
  14. Which stages in the research process can/should we open? http://www.flickr.com/photos/subcircle/500995147

    – CC-BY by flickr user subcircle
  15. Which stages in the research process can/should we open? All

    of them! http://www.flickr.com/photos/subcircle/500995147 – CC-BY by flickr user subcircle
  16. Opening up the planning of research projects Making research ideas

    online accessible and get feedback and suggestions for improvements. http://www.flickr.com/photos/subcircle/500995147 – CC-BY by flickr user subcircle
  17. Opening up grant applications Making grant application and the responses

    online accessible. http://www.flickr.com/photos/subcircle/500995147 – CC-BY by flickr user subcircle
  18. Opening up the experiments/protocols Make the lab notebooks public Put

    precise protocols online and add them to publications Automation and formalization => Program your experiments http://www.flickr.com/photos/subcircle/500995147 – CC-BY by flickr user subcircle
  19. Formal language – EXACT http://www.flickr.com/photos/subcircle/500995147 – CC-BY by flickr user

    subcircle
  20. Robot scientist ADAM http://www.flickr.com/photos/subcircle/500995147 – CC-BY by flickr user subcircle

  21. Open (research) data Currently: A selected subset of the experimental

    data of a project becomes part of the publication. http://www.flickr.com/photos/subcircle/500995147 – CC-BY by flickr user subcircle
  22. Open (research) data Currently: A selected subset of the experimental

    data of a project becomes part of the publication. Needed: The full data set becomes public with the manuscript. http://www.flickr.com/photos/subcircle/500995147 – CC-BY by flickr user subcircle
  23. Open (research) data Currently: A selected subset of the experimental

    data of a project becomes part of the publication. Needed: The full data set becomes public with the manuscript. Optimum: Data is public immediately after its generation. http://www.flickr.com/photos/subcircle/500995147 – CC-BY by flickr user subcircle
  24. Open source software Releasing the data analysis tools Documenting the

    data process pipeline (e.g. as shell scripts). http://www.flickr.com/photos/subcircle/500995147 – CC-BY by flickr user subcircle
  25. Pre-prints server Making manuscripts available before they are peer reviewed.

    http://www.flickr.com/photos/subcircle/500995147 – CC-BY by flickr user subcircle
  26. Open peer review Making the peer reviewer comments accessible. http://www.flickr.com/photos/subcircle/500995147

    – CC-BY by flickr user subcircle
  27. Post publication peer review Publish first – then perform peer

    review http://www.flickr.com/photos/subcircle/500995147 – CC-BY by flickr user subcircle
  28. Opening up impact evaluation systems Generating open and transparent measurements

    of the impact of a publication. http://www.flickr.com/photos/subcircle/500995147 – CC-BY by flickr user subcircle
  29. Open Education Resources Making educational material accessible. http://www.flickr.com/photos/subcircle/500995147 – CC-BY

    by flickr user subcircle
  30. Citizen Science Including citizens into the research process. http://www.flickr.com/photos/subcircle/500995147 –

    CC-BY by flickr user subcircle
  31. Would you feel comfortable opening you research like this right

    now? http://www.flickr.com/photos/subcircle/500995147 – CC-BY by flickr user subcircle
  32. Collective action problem Opening everything immediately would be the best

    for science. http://www.flickr.com/photos/subcircle/500995147 – CC-BY by flickr user subcircle
  33. Collective action problem Opening everything immediately would be the best

    for science. In the current system this is not necessarily the best for the scientists. http://www.flickr.com/photos/subcircle/500995147 – CC-BY by flickr user subcircle
  34. Collective action problem Scientist compete for limited resources and try

    to adapt optimally to the given evaluation/funding system. Due to this we have to generate a system which promotes openness and has incentives to share results. http://www.flickr.com/photos/subcircle/500995147 – CC-BY by flickr user subcircle
  35. The change is happening Top-down: Funding bodies ask increasingly for

    openness and offer funding Bottom-up: Countless initiatives of the science community and industry http://www.flickr.com/photos/subcircle/500995147 – CC-BY by flickr user subcircle
  36. What can you do right now (easily)? Use/promote Open Access

    journals Use/promote pre-print servers (arXiv, bioRxiv) Use/promote specialized data repositories as well as general-purpose repositories to publish you research data Use the reviewing process to push Open Science http://www.flickr.com/photos/subcircle/500995147 – CC-BY by flickr user subcircle
  37. Open Science Group of the Open Knowlege Foundation http://science.okfn.org/ German

    Speaking Open Science group of the OKF http://okfn.de/open-science/ The Open Science Peer Review Oath https://zenodo.org/record/12273 http://www.flickr.com/photos/subcircle/500995147 – CC-BY by flickr user subcircle
  38. http://www.flickr.com/photos/nateone/3768979925/ – CC-BY by flick user nateone